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f * ■ II 



UNITED STATES DEPOSITORY 

CAPITAL, $200,000 SURPLUS AND PROFIT, 5140,000 

Citizens National Bank 

OF 

DEIS MOINES. IOWA 



J. G. ROUNDS, President 

S. A. MERRILL, Vice President 



GEO. E. PEARSALL, Cashier 
WM. W. MAISH, Asst. Cashier 



the richest depositories of money sav- 
ings in the city. Soon after the de- 
cease of the Judge which occurred in 
1007 it passed to the Iowa National- 
Bank, and today has over $7,000,000.00 
in deposits. Other banks, National 
and State followed, until there are now 
nineteen i'n the city, to-wit : Capital 
City State, Henry Wagner, President; 
Central State, Simon Casady, Presi- 
dent ; Century Savings, W. G. Harvi- 
son, President ; Citizens National, J. G. 
Rounds, President ; Commercial Sav- 
ings, G. 1). Ellyson, President; Des 
Moines National, Arthur Reynolds, 
President; Des Moines Savings, Homer 
Miller, President; German Savings, 
•lames Watt, President ; Home Sav- 
ings, H. C. Hanson, President; Iowa 
State, E. H. Hunter, President; State 
Savings, M. Strauss, President; Iowa 
National, Homer Miller, President; 



Iowa Trust and Savings, W. B. Martin, 
President; Mechanics Savings, H. B. 
Wyman, President; Oak Park, (priv- 
ate) C. A. Holmes, President; Peoples 
Savings, C. H. Martin, President; Se- 
curity Trust and Savings, D. G. Ed- 
mundson, President; University State, 
B. F. Prunty, President; Valley Na- 
tional, R. A. Crawford, President; Val- 
ley Savings, Alfred Hammer, Presi- 
dent ; 3 National, 11 Savings, 4 State, 
1 private. 

The older banks were started by 
clear-headed, practical, conservative 
business men, to do legitimate banking, 
but most of them have passed away, and 
are succeeded by younger ones, tutored 
in the methods of their predecessors, 
notably, with no intent to make invid- 
ious distinction, Simon Casady, whose 
whole life has been one of banking, J. 
G. Rounds, R. A. Crawford, and Homer 



Now is the Time 



The best time of the whole year in 
which to start a SAVINGS 
ACCOUNT. Form the habit in January of making weekly visits to our 
Savings Department window and the end of 1910 will find you firmly entrench- 
ed in a habit that can result in naught but SUCCESS. 
NOW IS THE TIME TO BEGIN 

Capital City State Bank 

RESOURCES ONE AND ONE-HALF MILLION DOLLARS 
Bank Building, East Fifth and Locust Streets, Des Moines, Iowa. 



Please Mention "The Midwestern" In Answering Ads. 

3 



We Would Appreciate It. 



If you desire to buy anything, or 
If you desire to sell anything, 

You Must First Have the Money 

If you begin 1910 right you will be able to either buy or -sell with pleasure. This is an invita- 
tion to call at the 

COMMERCIAL SAVINGS BANK 

West 5th and Locust Streets 

and improve the excellent opportunity they offer for caring for all lines of the banking business. 

4 per cent Interest paid on Savings Accounts 



Miller, who have so safely and sanely system adopted by the banks, of help- 
managed their business, the city banks ing each other, an illustration of the 
buttressed by public trust, — an import- booster spirit permeating the whole 
ant factor m banking — a capitalization body politic. For instance, every 
of over $25,000,000.00, Savings deposits bank in the city will receive checks 
of over $30,000,000.00 a total deposits drawn against any other city bank. A 
of over $34,000,000.00, they have given great public convenience to an East 
Des Moines an enviable and notable Sider who receives a check payable at 
financial stability, far-reaching in its a West Side bank, for it saves a long 
worth. Especially is this true respect- walk, or ten cents car fare by present- 
ing the Savings deposits, which are the ing it to the nearest bank. At eleven 
most direct indications of public con- o'clock each day, representatives from 
fidence. Even the school children dur- each bank meet at the clearing rooms, 
ing eight months placed over $60,000.00 where they exchange checks, received 
in the Savings banks, all of which, during the previous day, and make a 
also do a commercial business. There settlement, which shows the amount of 
has not been a bank failure in Des purely local business transacted, and 
Moines since 1874. also any gain or decline therein. Dur- 
Au interesting and significent fea- ing the past year there has been a 
ture of the business, is the co-operative gradual increase. For the six days of 



GERHAN SAVINGS BANK 

DES MOINES 
COMMERCIAL BANKING 

JAMES WATT, President JESSE O. WELLS, Vice-President J. H. HOGAN, Cashier 

J. C. O'DONNELL, Vice-President 

Pour per cent Interest Paid in Savings Department 

ASSETS OVER ONE MILLION DOLLARS 



\ 



Century Savings BanK 

CLAPP BLOCK, COR. FIFTH AND WALNUT STREETS 

DES MOINES, IOWA 
CAPITAL - - $100,000.00 

An Old Man, still poor, can never 
forget how easily he could have 
saved a Thousand when he was 
young. 

Decide TODAY that you WILL commence building a Bank Account 
in the Century Savings Bank. 



the last week hi December, Saturday Central State $1,800,000.00; the Peo- 

being a holiday, the clearings were pie's Savings $500,000.00. The indica- 

$3,001,031.07, against $2,577,063.32 for lions are that the year will close with 

the same days of 1908, an increase of a credit of dividends to the stockhold- 

$1,423,967.75. ers of most of the banks. 

Of the business, it is stated on very As an indication of the strength of 
good authority that during the past the banks in an emergency, the Mid- 
year, the Iowa National Bank can western asked one of them, the largest 
show an increase of $1,000,000.00; the draft it had ever cashed. The reply 



^//kMey ^rmmmd &$€m£ 

CORNER WALNUT AND FOURTH 

We would be glad to have your ACCOUNT. And want you 
to transact your business with us in no matter what department 
of banking. 

COMBINED CAPITAL $ 350,000.00 

" PROFITS $ 150,000.00 

DEPOSITS $3,000,000.00 



B. r. PRUNTY, President 
S. M. HOLMES, Vice-President 



B. fRANK PRUNTY, Cashier 
B. D. VAN METER, Asst. Cashier 



University State Bank 

Capital 950,000.00 
DES MOINES IOWA 



LIABILITIES 

Capital Stock $ 50,000.00 

Undivided Profits 4,007.56 

Deposits (Demand) 118,461.05 

Deposits (Time) - 80,853.17 

$253,321.78 



RESOURCES 

Loans and Discounts $165,748.26 

Overdrafts - - 228.96 

Cash and Due from Banks 56,827.34 

Real Estate, furniture & Fixtures 30,517.22 
$253,321.78 



was : "One Hundred Thousand Dollars, 
over fifteen years ago, which was at 
that time a pretty stiff proposition, but 
it is different now." At another bank, 
the reply to the same query was : 
"Four Hundred Thousand Dollars, 
about four years ago, which required 
some manipulation of funds, but today 
a properly executed draft for half or 



three quarters of a million would be 
cashed at sight. 



The Midwestern 

Entered at Des ZftCoines Post Office as Second Class 

Matter 

Copyright 1909 All rights reserved 



Holiday Greetings 

We wish our patrons and 
the public a Happy and 
Prosperous New Year 

Des Moines Water Works Co. 

OFFICE 503 GRAND AVE. 



*v 




h. 



IOWA 



Iowa, home of the "walls of corn," 

Iowa, golden land; 
Garlands of grain her slopes adorn, 

Iowa, treasure land; 
Billow on Billow of silvery green, 

Sweeping away to her circling hills, 
With pink, of wild rose and daisies sheen, 

Tossed by the winds at their madcap wills; 
White clouds scudding across the blue; 
Sunshine chasing the shadows through 

Iowa, picture land! 

Iowa, grand in each rolling stream, 

Iowa, promise land; 
Solemn and sweet where her wood-glens dream, 

Iowa, Sylvan land; 
Roadways winding by clear, bright springs, 

Sunny pasture and growing herd; 
Reed-hedged pools where the oriole swings; 

Breath of clover and song of bird; 
Fruit-boughs bending beneath their store; 
Myriad blossoms bespangled o'er 

Iowa, floral land! 

IoWa, home of the brave and strong, 

Iowa, loyal land; 
IoWa, home of minstrel and song, 

Iowa, lyric land; 
Proudly her cities uprise to the light, 

Hamlet and village nestling between, 
Home of true hearts that stand for the right, 

Hopeful and helpful and sturdy of mein. 
Children of Iowa, sing ye her praise, 
Attuned to the march of her golden days, 

Iowa, chosen land. 

ELLA HENDRICKS BREWER 




F. M. HUBBELL 



VOLUME IV 



JANUARY, 1910 



NUMBER 5 




LAFE YOUNG JR. 

Business Manager of the Daily Capital and one of the 
Most Progressive Young Men of Des Moines 



PROSPECTS FOR 1 9 1 OF THE GREATER 
DES MOINES COMMITTEE 



Lafe Young Jr. 



M 



I!. F. M. Ilubbell stated this 
week thai when the Greater 
Des Moines Committee was or- 
ganized that lie presumed that 
il would lasl about two years, 
ami that il had been a great source of 
pleasure and astonishment to him thai 
at the end of Ihree years, it was still 
in existence with twice as much money 
to spend as it had had at the begin- 
ning and wiih more enthusiasm than at 
any time in the history of the organ- 
ization. A few weeks ago when ten 
of the members of the Greater Des 



Moines Committee volunteered to as- 
sist the Y. M. ('. A. in their canvas 
for 1150,000, the directory board and 
officers and the active workers of the 
Y. M. C. A. had very little compre- 
hension of the work and spirit of the 
Greater Des Moines Committee, Al 
the end of (he ten day canvas when 
the ten men representing the commit- 
tees had raised more funds than any 
single committee, namely about |32,- 
000, the Y. M. ('. A. workers had noth- 
ing hut admiration for the Greater Des 
Moines Committee and were astounded 



10 



THE MIDWESTERN 



that they were willing to lay aside their 
own canvass for funds and assist in a 
great moral cause like that of the 
Y. M„ 0. A. 

About one week ago Mr. E. P. Adler, 
Publisher of the Davenport Times, was 
a guest of the Greater Des Moines Com- 
mittee at one of their noon luncheons, 
watched the proceedings carefully, 
noted the attendance of more than 
twenty men out of a possible atten- 
dance of thirty — asked a great many 
questions — returned to Davenport and 
wrote two columns of praise concerning 
the Greater Des Moines Committee. 
He said the thing that appealed to 
him most was that real business men 
of the city would lay aside their own 
work and devote an hour or two al- 
most every day in the week to the up- 
building of their city. He said that if 
a meeting were called in Davenport 
that nearly every man made an excuse 
that he was too busy to attend. And 
when the subject is really analyzed, it 
is a wonderful fact that the thirty men 
who compose the Greater Des Moines 
Committee have met together i^jftjfcn 
average of from three to five times 
a week at noon for a period of three 
years and every day their enthusiasm 
for a greater Des Miones has increased. 
It is remarkable also that these same 
thirty men during all the periods of 
their active work, have subscribed more 
than half of all funds which they 
spend. 

Mr. Herbert S. Houston, business 
manager of the Doubleday-Page Com- 
pany, publishers of World's Work and 
Country Life in America who recently 
spent two days in Des Moines as the 
guest of the Greater Des Moines Com- 
mittee, stated that he considered the 
monthly publication Wealth, which is 
the mouthpiece of the Greater Des 
Moines Committee, the brightest and 
most effective piece of municipal liter- 
ature now being issued in the United 
States. Wealth is entirely the product 
of Mr. Lucius Wilson, the splendid sec- 
retary of the committee. Wealth con- 
tinues to grow in paid circulation, in 
advertising patronage and in general 
influence. Wealth has now acquired a 
business manager in the person of Mr. 
H. N. Clark; formerly assistant cashier 
of the German Savings Bank. It is 
the intention of the Greater Des Moines 



Committee to make Wealth a perma- 
nent institution for the promotion of 
Des Moines and Iowa's welfare. 

For those who are not entirely fa- 
miliar with the Greater Des Moines 
Committee, let it be said that it is an 
organization of thirty active business 
men in the city of Des Moines, incor- 
porated under the laws of Iowa, for 
the purpose of promoting the welfare 
and prosperity of Des Moines. It is 
a self perpetuating organization, not 
subject to .any popular vote. The com- 
mittee works along a definite program 
which has been adhered to closely since 
the beginning of the organization. It 
aggressively seeks to promote the 
wealth of the community by building 
interurbans, coliseums, public institu- 
tions of all kinds and character, the 
remedying of the freight rates, the en- 
tertainment of guests— the advertising 
of the I city in every proper manner — 
the encouragement of existing and 
prospective factories. The Greater 
Des "Moines Committee has been emi- 
nently successful, as is recorded in the 
enthusiasm with which the city of Des 
Moines supplies the Committee with 
funds. 

For the next three years the Com- 
mittee has raised a fund of $40,000 a 
year. For the three years just past 
this fund amounted to $ 20,000 per 
year. The biggest plan of the Com- 
mittee for 1910 is to scientifically begin 
a national advertising campaign which 
will tell to the United States what Des 
Moines has to offer in the way of op- 
portunity and particularly that Des 
Moines offers the distributing point for 
the great state of Iowa — the greatest 
market in the world. 

Why is it that these thirty men who 
compose this committee are willing to 
devote so much time for public pur- 
poses? It is because they are smart 
enough to recognize that their co-op- 
erative success is selfishly profitable to 
each member of the committee in pro- 
portion to his business interests in the 
city of Des Moines. They are selfish 
and one of their aims is to convince 
the rest of Des Moines that public pro- 
motion will be just as profitable to 
them in proportion to their means. 
There has been no piece of literature 
issued by the Greater Des Moines Com- 
mittee which in any way exploits the 




PROSPECTS FOR L910 



11 



membership of the committee. Nol a 
single piece Of literature lias been issu- 
ed by the organization which has borne 
the pic-iure of a single member of the 
committee. II to essentially a business 
organisation, <>n its daily record of re- 
sults. Never in the history of the or- 
ganisation has there been a single move 
on the pari of a member to individual 
Iv exploit (he committee or bis mem- 
bership in the committee for his own 
personal advantage. A most important 
ihiiij; in maintaining the success of the 
organisation, so far as the inside work 
is concerned, is the fact that the men are 
socially congenial and that during the 
pasi three years different members of 
the committee, have at their own ex 
pense, given dinner parties to I lie mem- 
bership and have cemented the organi- 
zation and established friendship thai 
will be life long. So far as the writer 
( if this article is concerned, he has 
never been a member of an organisa- 
tion, college fraternity, lodge of any 
kind or character thai has such a gen- 
erous Fellowship as exists between the 
members of the Greater l>es Moines 
Commit lee. 

In Pad the work of the committee 
has been so entirely modest and free 
from self seeking that I doubt if there 
is a man in the city of I >es Moines, not 
a member of the organization, who 
could name ten members of the com 
mittee oil' hand or perhaps even five. 
The daily round of duties brings such 
;i multitude of mailers before the or- 
ganisation thai only those who have 
been its guests can realize the fullness 
of its work and the care with which 
it watches the commercial life of the 
city. The Greater Des Moines Com 

mittee loo at all times co-operates with 
other organisation in the city — there 
is absolutely no jealously, — and works 
on in spile of criticisms jusl and tin 
just thai always attach to any kind of 
public endeavor. 




B. S. WALKER 

Retiring President of the Commercial Club 

B. S. Walker, retiring President of the Des 
Moines Commercial Club made a fine record as 
President and under his leadership the club has 
prospered and grown more than in several pre- 
ceding years. Mr. Walker is a representative cit- 
izen of Des Moines and in sympathy with all of 
the upward movements now on foot for making a 
Greater Des Moines. 




MRS. LORING 



Elizabeth Craig 



THE first period Of Keith Lor- 
Lag's acquaintance with Nina 
Trevor began and ended with 
equal suddenness. After the 
Harvard- Yale football game of 
his junior year, Keith, in New York for 
the vreek-end, duly elated at the victory 
of his own college, and stirred through 
all his lazy, well-knit body by a deeper 
excitement which he could not have de 
lined for himself, the unvoiced, pervad 
ing consciousness of health and youth, 
saw, as he went strolling down Fifth 
Avenue in the morning sunlight, a girl 
looking into a shop window, a girl in 
red. 

She was a little person with a half 
developed figure, slight as a child's 
but delicately curved and rounded. 
hinting already at fuller maturity. Un- 
der her sweeping hat brim her hair 
showed, dark and soft. 

Keith stood still where he had 
paused to look at her. 

"I wish," he said to her, "that you 
would turn round." 

Her eyes were wide and startled 
when she turned to him. Their inno- 
cence was exaggerated, and not con 
vinring. It awakened a recollection in 

Keith's mind, the half forgotten pic- 
ture of six girls in white gowns and 
scarlet sashes, leaning confidentially 



across the foot-lights to assure the 
audience crowding the theater that, in 
spite of their apparent ingenuousness, 
they "Knew a thing or two." 

"1 know who you are," Keith said, 
"you are in the sextette, in 'Burmuda.' " 

"Burmuda" was a current musical 
comedy, the most popular one of the 
season, and the sextette was making 
the hit of the piece. Miss Trevor, in 
her professional capacity, had too many 
admirers to include them all among the 
circle of her friends. But Keith had 
clear blue eyes and a ready smile, and 
about his carelessly worn clothes her 
practiced eyes detected the unmistak- 
able hallmarks of opulence. Miss Tre- 
vor and Keith had lunch together. 

Keith suggested the Waldorf, be- 
cause his mother liked to go there, but 
Miss Trevor preferred Martin's. For 
their liqueurs they went to Miss Tre- 
vor's apartment, because it was cozier 
and more intimate than the cafe. 

When Keith left her. he felt half 
proud and half ashamed, and wholly in 
doubt what move would be next ex- 
pected of him. His misgivings proved 
to be quite superfluous. It was Miss 
Trevor who took the initiative. His 
own contribution toward the progress 

of their relations was largely a passive 
one. 



MRS. LORING 



13 



The girl was unusually pretty, in a 
fluttering, restless way. Her attraction 
for Keith was heightened by her lit- 
tle flurries of hurried movement, her 
inconsequent gusts of passion, her 
brief, irresponsible bursts of song. 
Her hands were small and soft and 
rosy. Long after Keith had lost his 
uglier recollections of her, he could 
still remember her childish eyes. 

The affair was without finesse or re- 
straint. It had no promise of perma- 
nence. There were too many headlong 
trips to the city, too many extravagant 
gifts, and equally extravagant letters 
which Miss Trevor, true to her per- 
sonal code of morals, conscientiously 
burned. When her hold on Keith was 
strongest, she foresaw their parting, 
and predicted it. 

In the summer vacation of his junior 
year, Keith went to Switzerland with 
his mother and sister. Alone with her 
at supper in her apartment after the 
two hundredth consecutive perform- 
ance of "Bermuda," he said good-by to 
Miss Trevor. 

A solo number had teen newly in- 
terpolated in the piece for the star of 
it. Miss Trevor sang the song for 
Keith, . strumming herself a careless 
accompaninent. Half through a verse, 
she struck a jangling discord from the 
piano, and with a quick rush and a flut- 
ter of drapery descended suddenly up- 
on the arm of Keith's chair. 

Keith slipped an arm around her, 
and pressed his face against her shoul- 
der. 

"I can't leave you," he said, "I can't 
bear to leave you." 

Miss Trevor possessed herself of 
Keith's neglected cigarette, and puffed 
at it daintily, blowing smoke rings of 
faultless roundness and symmetry. 

"Yon won't come back to me," she 
said. 

Contrary to his expectations, Keith 
fulfilled her prediction. His sister was 
neither amusing nor congenial to him, 
but he respected her. And, though he 
often allowed himself to forget the fact, 
Keith loved his mother'. On the day 
he returned from the Continent, he 
burned to ashes on the hearth of his 
fireplace a number of photographs, a 
package of letters, and a diminutive 
red toilet slipper that had once been 
the property of Miss Nina Trevor. 



For a week or two Keith felt sick 
and shamed at the thought of the com- 
pleted episode. Then he forgot it ut 
terly. His senior year was crowded 
with new and engrossing interests, 
chief among which, from the day of the 
unwillingly attended tea where he met 
her, was Elizabeth Ames. 

Elizabeth was a graduate of a wom- 
an's college, and pretty in spite of it. 
Her brown hair escaped in soft ring- 
lets from the severity of her coiffure, 
her stiff White gowns were faintly 
scented with orris and violet, and her 
private theories embraced and settled 
most of the problems of the universe. 
Keith modeled his life upon her views 
unquestioning]} - . He became an ardent 
socialist, and an advocate of women's 
suffrage. He Fletcherized his food, 
gave up playing poker, and subscribed 
to the Society for the Prevention of 
Cruelty to Children, After his gradua- 
tion from college he became a member 
of a real estate firm in New York be- 
cause Elizabeth believed in business life 
for all able-bodied men. After a twelve 
months' business career, he took a va- 
cation in July, and went to Bar Harbor 
for the purpose of asking Elizabeth to 
marry him. Elizabeth, with unruffled 
calm, consented. When he took her in 
his arms, it was Keith who trembled. 
Her cheek was cool, and her lips, when 
she turned them to his kiss, were cold 
and passionless, 

Keith, shaken and afraid in the grip 
of his new happiness, had not long to 
question its reality. Elizabeth was al- 
lowing herself the unwonted relaxation 
of a course of light reading:. Keith had 
put into his trunk an unread best seller 
of the year before. He brought the 
book to Elizabeth. When she opened 
it, there fluttered from between the 
pages a fading, awkwardly posed snap- 
shot of Nina Trevor. 

Elizabeth had liberal theories on the 
subject of the social evil. The higher 
education for women lays more stress 
on theory than on practice. This Keith 
Loring did not know. In answer to 
Elizabeth's question, he gave her read- 
ily the facts of his connection with 
Nina. 

Elizabeth heard him in silence. When 
he had finished, she said: 

"Where is the woman ?" 



14 



THE MIDWESTERN 



''I have heard nothing more from 
her," said Keith. 

Elizabeth sat looking straight ahead 
of her, with the expression she had 
worn while she was delivering the class 
ode on Commencement Day. 

"I want you to marry her," she 
said. 

For the first time since he had known 
her, Keith attempted to argue with 
Elizabeth. He told her that Nina had 
no feeling for him, and no standards or 
beliefs in common with his own, and 
that the girl was by her own consent 
a stranger to him. He tried once more, 
and as vainly as usual, to give adequate 
expression to his love for Elizabeth. 
She listened patiently through the long 
summer evening, while he hoped and 
pleaded and despaired. The following 
day, rebellious and heartbroken, but 
conquered, Keith took the train for 
New York. 

He had no difficulty in finding Nina. 
There was a new hall-boy at the door 
of her apartment house, but Miss Tre- 
vor, Keith, learned, still had the same 
apartment on the fifth floor of the 
building. Miss Trevor was at home, 
but, the boy believed, engaged. 

"I am an old friend," said Keith. 
''You need not announce me." 

The boy pocketed Keith's tips, and 
started the elevator. It was Nina her- 
self who opened the door to him, fling- 
ing it suddenly wide. 

She caught his hands, and drew him 
across the threshold, calling him by 
name in a strange, choked voice. Her 
tiny drawing-room was close with the 
scent of flowers, camellias, for which 
she had always had a fancy, and vio- 
lets. The lights were dim, and shaded 
with rose-color, as Keith had been 
used to see them. Nina's dog came 
barking about Keith's feet. From a 
cushioned lounging chair with glasses 
and a siphon on a table near it, a red- 
faced man looked up inquiringly. 

"You'll have to get rid of your 
friend, Nina," said Keith, "I've got to 
see you alone." 

With a muttered apology, the red- 
faced man took his leave. Keith heard 
sounds of a muffled altercation at the 
door, low growls of protest from the 
man, punctuated with Nina's careless 
laughter. 



"I don't care if you never come 
back." Keith heard her call shrilly, as 
she slammed the door behind her de- 
parting guest. Still laughing, she re- 
turned to Keith. 

"That was Sykes," she said. "J. 
Wentworth Sykes, the railroad man. 
He'll be back to-morrow night. Keith, 
is it really you?" 

She glanced at the empty siphon, 
suggestively. 

"Sit down," said Keith. "I don't 
want anything to drink. I want to talk 
to you. Nina, you've got to marry 
me." 

"You have developed a sense of hu- 
mor, haven't you?" 

Under the carefully applied touch of 
rouge she wore, Miss Trevor had turn- 
ed very white. 

I mean it," said Keith, his eyes on 
hers. 

Miss Trevor took Keith's chin be- 
tween her dimpled hands, and looked 
at him. 

"What's wrong with you, Keith?" 
she said. "Work? Nerves? Health? 
Family troubles? Girl turned you 
down ?" 

When she went on speaking, it was 
with growing embarrassment. 

"You understand, I hope," she said, 
"that I have no claim upon you. We 
had some good times together. They 
are over now. When we closed ac- 
counts, we were square with each other. 
You owe me nothing. You were such 
a kid, Keith, when I knew you. And 
kids get ideas, Keith. Have you any 
idea of making an honest woman of 
me?" 

"You are an honest woman," said 
Keith, gently. 

"You are a rich man, I know," said 
Miss Trevor. "Is it your money that 
you want to give me, Keith? I can 
take care of my own bank account." 

Keith turned his face from the lamp- 
light, and closed his eyes. 

"We'll be married," he said, "next 
week. I shall send for my mother." 

The girl sank on her knees beside 
him, with an outbreak of frightened 
laughter. 

"Keith," she said, "I am going to 
marry you. And I don't know why." 

"Because I say so," answered Keith 
Loring, wearily. 



MRS. LORING 



15 



The days that followed had little 
reality for Keith. His mother, white- 
haired and coldly handsome, softening 
to Nina's grace and charm as she had 
never responded to Elizabeth's austere 
friendliness, and listening, roused and 
touched, to Keith's story of a boyhood 
romance renewed; his sister superin- 
tending the purchase of Nina's modest 
trousseau; Nina herself, subdued and 
grave-eyed in a dark-hued traveling 
gown, going through the marriage 
service with him in the gloom of an al- 
most empty church; all these were fig- 
ures lacking in substance, like the 
creation of some vivid dream. In the 
course of the yatching cruise that was 
his honeymoon, alone with a changed 
and gentle Nina who made the servants 
her adoring slaves, and surprised her 
husband with a new-found, delicious 
shyness, Keith began to realize that his 
dream was not wholly an unpleasant 
one. 

After the night when she promised 
to marry him, Nina asked Keith no 
further questions. She accepted her 
new position as an established fact, 
and, when she was settled with Keith 
in the house which his mother had 
taken for them, she devoted all her en- 
ergies to making a favorable impression 
upon the new world to which Keith 
introduced her. 

For the opening of her social cam- 
paign, Nina found a useful ally in 
Elizabeth Ames, at home again with 
the uncle whose house she shared, and 
ready for her third year in a society 
Where she had an assured place. She 
received at Nina's teas, arranged the 
seatipig at her dinners, and revised 
Nina's visiting list. Under her guid- 
ance, Nina effected an entrance into a 
circle little used to encroachment, a 
circle neither the most conservative nor 
the most conspicuous in the social or- 
der of New York, neither uncomfort- 
ably poor, nor ostentatiously rich. 
Nina, constantly on guard, and humbly 
anxious to please, adapted herself with 
care to the environment in which 
Keith's family had existed for gen- 
erations. Barely a month after their 
commencement, Elizabeth's overtures 
toward intimacy ceased without explan- 
ation. 

Nina did not know that her hsuband, 
after a month of conspicuously avoid- 



ing Elizabeth Ames, had chosen a rainy 
afternoon to call upon her in order to 
find her alone, and had asked her, with- 
out excuse or preface, to discontinue 
her friendship with his wife. 

His face, while she listened, looked 
strange to Elizabeth, no longer a boy's, 
no longer revealing his thoughts to her. 

"Are you angry with me, Keith?" she 
said. 

"I think we have nothing further to 
say to each other," he answered, as he 
rose to go. 

Nina's social progress continued un- 
hindered by the loss of Elizabeth's pa- 
tronage. Her stage career she made 
no effort, to conceal. She kept it con- 
tinually in evidence, referring to it 
with a frankness and modesty that 
combined with her carefully chosen 
gowns, her pleasing contralto voice, 
and her piquant prettiness, to advance 
Mrs. Keith Loring rapidly toward the 
goal of social success. Nina, in her 
growing popularity, had invitations 
that Elizabeth Ames had vainly cov- 
eted, and gained the entree to houses 
from which Elizabeth was barred out. 

Keith Loring, in spite of his well- 
known aversion to social functions, was 
seen with his wife in public constantly. 
His favorite saddle horse was left to 
the groom for exercise, while Keith 
shared Nina's daily drive through the 
Park. One day Elizabeth Ames passed 
the Loring carriage unrecognized. Nina 
and Keith, eagerly talking, were en- 
grossed in each other, and oblivious to 
her bow. 

Keith, as Elizabeth knew, had no ear 
for music. But the training and grati- 
fying of Nina's musical taste was car- 
ried on under the supervision of her 
husband. Under Keith's escort, Nina 
devoted her leisure to opera, and sym- 
phony concerts. She declined her in- 
vitation to a small and desirable din- 
ner dance, because it conflicted with a 
performance of Tannhauser for which 
Keith had engaged seats. Commenting 
on the reason for Nina's absence, the 
guests at the dance spoke with indul- 
gent amusement of the Lorings' love 
match. Elizabeth Ames heard their 
talk in silence. During Lent, which 
was now close at hand, there would b( 
time fore Elizabeth to think uninter- 
rupted of all that she had seen and 
heard and guessed. The Loring mar- 



16 



THE MIDWESTERN 



riage was giving her abundant material 
for thought. 

The first week of Lent the Lorings 
spent at Atlantic City. Nina was tired, 
and in need of quiet. Keith took rooms 
for her at a hotel, and devoted all his 
time to her, guarding her jealously 
from intercourse with any of the 
friends they met, and making himself 
her companion through the hours of 
exercise and rest he prescribed for her. 

At the end of the week they sep- 
arated, Keith called back to New York 
for an interview with his lawyers, Nina 
leaving by a later train to join a house 
party where Keith would later follow 
her. 

Without Nina, Keith found the house 
unpleasantly empty. After his business 
was transacted, he dined at his club, 
and played bridge until midnight. He 
admitted himself with a latchkey to 
avoid rousing the servants, and, on his 
way to his own rooms at the rear of 
the house, paused from force of habit 
at the door of Nina's boudoir, and open- 
ed it. 

The room lay brightly lit before him. 
There was a fire in the grate, burned 
almost to ashes, and unreplenished. 
Before the fire, lying among the cush- 
ions of Nina's divan, there was a wom- 
an in a low-cut gown of white lace. As 
she rose and came forward to meet him 
Keith saw that the woman was Eliza- 
beth Ames. 

She held out her hand. Keith took 
it, dumbly. 

"You are late,'' she said. "Where is 
Nina, Keith?" 

"Why did you come?" 

Elizabeth beckoned Keith to a seat 
0)U the divan beside her. 

"I came to open the house for Nina," 
she said. "I have been waiting for her 
so long that it must have grown late. 
What time is it? Why don't you sit 
down, Keith? Why don't you answer 
me?" 

Keith Loring was gazing down at 
the face of the woman on the divan, a 
shallow, selfish face which he had never 
really seen before. 

"Why don't you speak to me?" 

She was smiling at him. 

Across the foot of the divan her vel- 
vet cloak lay folded. Keith lifted the 
cloak, and held it. 

"You did not expect to find Nina 



here," he said deliberately. "You did 
not wish to find Nina here. You 
wished to find me here alone to-night." 

"Keith!" 

Elizabeth had started angrily to her 
feet, but suddenly she broke into low, 
mocking laughter. 

"Married life has improved you, 
Keith," she said. 

"I will call a cab for you." 

"I am not ready to go." 

Keith threw the cloak about Eliza- 
beth. At his touch she turned swiftly 
and clung to him, her face close to his. 

"Keith, I shall not go home," she 
said, "till you tell me you do not love 
your wife." 

"You must go. You must go at 
once." 

Keith's face showed pale in the fire- 
light. His breath came quickly. 

"My uncle saw you at the club," 
Elizabeth whispered. "He told me he 
had seen you. I knew that you would 
come here, and I knew that she was 
not with you. I knew that you would 
come here alone. One of the maids let 
me in. I have bribed her to keep my 
coming a secret and preserve your rep- 
utation. But I do not care who knows 
that I came here to-night. Keith, you 
were mine first. It was I who gave 
you to her. I forbid you to love her, 
Keith." 

Keith drew away from her, loosen- 
ing the clasp of her hands on his shoul- 
ders. 

"I will never come again," Elizabeth 
promised. "I will go away. You need 
never see me again. But you were mine 
first. You are mine to-night, Keith. I 
want to hear you say you love me." 

A new note in her voice stirred him 
and called to him. 

"Elizabeth," he said brokenly, "Eliza- 
beth." 

Instantly she was before him, press- 
ing close. The fluttering lace of her 
corsage was crumpled against his 
breast. He was' breathing again the 
perfume of orris and violet. 

"I love you," she said, and her warm 
arms closed around him. She lifted her 
lips to his. 

Prom the hall, Keith heard a sudden, 
startled cry. The curtains at the door- 
way parted. His wife was standing on 
the threshold. 

Elizabeth shrank away from him, hid- 



MRS. LORING 



17 



ing her face. Nina came slowly for- 
ward, drawing off. her gloves with 
trembling awkward hands. 

"I followed you to town," she said. 
"I dined with your mother. I wanted 
to surprise you. I w T anted to come 
home." 

"Nina," Keith began. 

"Whatever explanation you have to 
make me, Keith, I accept it now. But 
when I hear your explanation, I wish 
to be alone with you." 

"Do you wish," said Elizabeth, her 
eyes unnaturally bright, "to imply that 
your confidence in Keith is unimpaired 
by finding him in a compromising situ- 
ation? Or do you intend to question us 
separately, and entrap us into conflict- 
ing lies?" 

"Keith will not lie to me." 

"Your faith in him is touching." 

"Keith will never lie to me, because 
— it is to Keith, not to you, that I 
am speaking, Miss Ames — Keith loves 
me." 

"Loves you!" The quiet confidence 
of Nina's tone had been unendurable 
to the other woman. 

"Elizabeth," cried Keith, "you shall 
not tell her. 

"Keith does not love you," said Eliz- 
abeth, exultantly. "He never loved 
you. I made him marry you. He 
loved me. He loves me now'.' 

"Nina," said Keith, "you must not 
believe her." 

"Let her go on," said Nina Loring. 

•'I loved him," said Elizabeth. "I 
was engaged to him ; when he told me 
of his relations with yon I could not 
marry him. He promised me to marry 
you. He promised against his will." 

"You have told me enough," said 
Nina. "Keith, is it true?" 

"Nina," said Keith, "if you will listen 
to me, T can make you underestand." 

"I do understand," said Nina. "Oh, 
my God!" 

Keith and Elizabeth were silent, 
waiting for Nina to speak. 

"Oh, my boy. My poor boy." Nina's 
hand brushed lightly across Keith's 
hair and forehead. 



"I think," she said to Elizabeth, 
"that I have always hated you. You 
say you loved Keith. You were a pure 
woman. You were a woman of his 
own class. You were fit to be his wife. 
But Keith was too good for you. I did 
not hurt him. Keith was a strong 
man, honorable, and clean and young. 
And you gave him a woman like me to 
be the mother of his children. 

"Keith," Nina's voice was very ten- 
der, "a woman is worthy to be the wife 
of a man who loves her, no matter 
what her past has been, no matter what 
heritage she will bring his children. 
But you do not love me. Will you for- 
give me, Keith? I am going to bear 
you a child. 

"What do you expect me to do?" 
Nina had turned now to Elizabeth. 
"You have interfered unasked in my 
life. Now I ask you to interfere. Tell 
me what to do. I cannot live here. I 
cannot live with Keith. I cannot dis- 
honor his name by leaving him. What 
shall T do?" 

"I am sorry for you," murmured 
Elizabeth. "I am very sorry for you." 

"Sorry," said Nina. "God!" 

Quite suddenly Keith's arms went 
out of their own volition and closed 
around her, straining her to him. She 
could feel the passion of pity and pro- 
tection and love — surely it was love in 
his clasp. He began to stammer in- 
coherent words which seemed to come 
straight from his heart without passing 
through his brain at all — broken, mean- 
ingless love phrases which carried ut- 
ter conviction to the two women. The 
sudden rush of emotion had paralyzed 
all thought in him and over Nina's 
head his eyes stared at Elizabeth in 
blank wonder. She was nothing to him 
now, nothing and Nina was everything 
and he could not yet understand. 

Elizabeth shrank and cowered before 
that unseeing stare. Presently she 
turned and stole noiselessly from the 
room. The others did not even notice 
her going. They had forgotten her. 

You in;'* Mn<]azhne. 



20 



THE MIDWESTERN 



Moines Plan, a word of explanation is nec- 
essary. This system of government had 
its beginning with a small company of busi- 
ness men who were confident that nothing 
short of a radical change in city govern- 
ment would be of any use. They set about 
to draft a plan whereby the city could se- 
cure the maximum of efficiency in adminis- 
tration, and at the same time provide the 
widest possible latitude for an expression 
of the popular will. They introduced busi- 
ness and common-sense methods, included 
provisions for an effective expression of 
popular will, and withal presented a system 
unique in character and representing the 
most advanced thought in local self govern- 
ment. 

Some of the unusual features of the plan 
are, provisions making the office of com- 
missioner attractive to the best men of the 
community; non-partisan primary and elec- 
tion; removal of ward lines and its attend- 
ant evils; strict provisions protecting the 
freedom of franchise; a broad and effective 
civil service; introduction of business meth- 
ods; centralization of power and fixed re- 
sponsibility; publicity of all public busi- 
ness; provisions for public voting on all 
franchises; and several democratic features, 
including the initiative, referendum and re- 
call. These features combined into one 
practical system has made a remarkably 
strong scheme of government, and one es- 
pecially suited to administer the public 
affairs of a commercial center. 

By the provisions of this charter five men 
are to be elected by the people at large, 
without regard to ward or other sectional 
lines and, what is more important, without 
regard to party lines; and upon this small 
board of five men is placed the entire re- 
sponsibility of administering the affairs of 
the city. To this governing board is given 
large powers, including the authority to 
pass ordinances, to determine the duties 
and fix the salaries of city employes, to 
create or discontinue offices, remove sub- 
ordinates, and transfer employes from one 
office to another; in fact, they have all 
the authority, powers and duties formerly 
had by the various boards, committees and 
officials of the old system. All of the 
work of the city government is divided 
into the following departments: 

Department of Public Affairs, 
Departments of Accounts and Finances, 
Department of Public Safety, 
Departments of Streets and Public Im- 
provements, 

Departments of Parks and Public Prop- 
erty. 

To each of these departments is assigned 
that member of the board best fitted by 
experience and training for the work, and 
he acts as superintendent of, and is made 
to assume responsibility for all matters com- 
ing within the jurisdiction of his particu- 
lar department. This is done for the pur- 
pose of securing » fixed and definite re- 
sponsibility upon some one competent offi- 
cial for every matter of city business. The 
efficiency of the government is therefore 



greatly increased; the plan made simple, 
practical, and responsive to popular will. 

The wisdom of centralizing such power in 
the governing board might be doubted were 
it not for the various provisions of the 
plan which were inserted for the purpose 
of preventing an abuse of this power, the 
most important of which provisions are, 
the initiative, referendum, recall, civil ser- 
vice, and publicity clauses, and those which 
give to the people the right to vote on all 
public franchises. These provisions are 
ignored by those who criticise the plan as 
being "Undemocratic," "Dangerous," "Des- 
potic," "Unresponsive," etc. With these 
provisions the system is thoroughly demo- 
cratic, since the people have the opportun- 
ity of placing their final approval or re- 
jection upon all public actions of their rep- 
resentatives. It may be said here that the 
theory upon which the charter was framed 
is, that greater effort would be put forth 
in securing capable and honest men as 
officials, and that then these officials should 
be left free and unhampered in their work 
of dispatching the city's business, so long 
as they perform their duties properly, but 
that the people should at all times have 
it within their power to bring them to a 
sudden halt should they at any time at- 
tempt to abuse their power and author- 
ity. In the interest of a higher order of 
practical efficiency the tendency of a cen- 
tury has been reversed. Instead of hav- 
ing a multiplicity of checks and balances 
to protect ourselves from tyranny, there 
are to be fewer restrictions upon well-con- 
sidered action. The old way made our city 
government too complicated, too much 
hampered by restrictions, too unresponsive 
to popular will; the new gives us prompt 
administration under popular direction. 

An effort has been made to improve the 
personnel of our city officials, by inducing the 
best men of the Community to become can- 
didates. With this object in mind the of- 
fice of commissioner has been made one of 
influence, opportunity and honor, and car- 
ries with it a salary of $3,000. That these 
provisions have had the desired effect is 
seen from the fact that at the first city 
election under the new plan, the voters of 
Des Moines had an opportunity to select 
their first commissioners from a list of 
fifty-two candidates. True, some were mor- 
ally and mentally unfit, but among the can- 
didates were found several of our most 
successful and highly regarded citizens; 
men who under the old system would never 
have consented to have become candidates 
for any office. One of the candidates made 
the remark that he would rather be a mem- 
ber of the governing board than the repre- 
sentative of his congressional district; 
while another asserted that he would much 
prefer the office of Commissioner under the 
Des Moines Plan to that of the governor- 
ship of the State of Iowa. 

The first election under the Des Moines 
Plan proved beyond doubt that its method 
of selecting public officials was much su- 
perior to that in operation under the old 




MRS. B. S. CLARK, of Red Oak, Iowa 

Mrs. Clark is 80 years of age. Her daughter, Mrs. C. D. Duke, is a 
frequent visitor in Des Moines 



GETTING BACK AT HIM 



••Sii von hare the Impudence to ask "What! Do you mean to insinuate, 

for my daughter's hand, eh?" exclaim young man, thai my daughter would 

cil the father crustily. "Why, sir, a1 only wear gloves ?" 

your present salary yon couldn'1 'e "Pardon me, sir" replied die young 

than keep her in glovea." man with sudden courage, "1 asked 

-Well." stammered the suitor, only for her hand." 
"wouldn'1 thai be enough?" 




HENRY E. SAMPSON 



I *> ielding to an insistent demand for a discussion pro and con of the "I >es Moines Plan", we have de- 
cided to again run the articles used in our June. 19U9, issue. They have been carefully revised by their 
authors and are both practical views of the question by two 1 les Moines men whose sincerity and loyalty 
as good cili/ens is unquestioned.] — Editor 



THE DES MOINES PLAN 



By Henry E. Sampson, Attorney 



FAVORING THE PLAN 



THE Hi's Mtiinos Phil] Of city gov- 
ernment is now on trial, mid 
American cities, looking for re- 
lief from Inefficiency and graft, 
tiro Interested in the remits ac- 
complished during t lii si fust year 
of its operation. This charter, because of 
its many unusual features and its radical 
departure from the old system, has attract- 
ed the attention of thinking people; ii* 
proposed remedies for municipal ills have 
been discussed by the press and from the 
platform, but these discussions, thus far, 

have necessarily been n etlcal, ami those 

interested in municipal reform have been 



wailing for the 
of practical re- 



watching Dea Moines and 
more convincing argument 
suits. 

The plan has been in operation but one 
year, and no one would say thai ii has been 
sufficiently tried to warrant a judgment as 
10 its ultimate success or failure, but 

enough has been accomplished, even in 

these few months, to Indicate that it is a 
decided Improvement over the obi alder- 
manic system, and that it contains at least 
the basis for ■> solution of the great prob- 
lems) of municipal government for American 

Cll i''S. 

for those not yet familiar with I lie lies 



THE DES MOINES PLAN 



21 



system. With ward lines removed, and 
with the name of each candidate arranged 
upon the ballot in alphabetical order, with- 
out other designation, it was impossible for 
the corrupt element of the worst wards to 
control the election; the non-partisan fea- 
ture abolished partisan politics in the city, 
as is seen from the fact that the people 
elected a democratic mayor in a strongly 
republican city. The provision prohibiting 
reward, or promise of reward, for political 
support was so far reaching in its scope 
that the candidates hesitated to do more 
than advise voters, through the press and 
from the platform, of their peculiar fitness 
for the office; and voters were never more 
free to vote their choice than at this elec- 
tion. 

As a result of the first election, held dur- 
ing the latter part of March, 1908, A. J. 
Mathis was elected mayor, and John Mac- 
Vicar, Charles W. Schramm, John L. Ham- 
ery and J. Wesley Ash were elected com- 
missioners. Mr. Mathis is a resident of 
Bast Des Moines, a democrat politically, 
formerly engaged in the real estate busi- 
ness, and at one time held the office of 
police judge. Mr. John MacVicar, superin- 
tendent of the department of streets and 
public improvements, is a man of wide 
experience, served his city twice as mayor 
under the old system, a resident of West 
Des Moines, secretary of the League of 
American Municipalities, and one of the 
best posted men in the United States upon 
municipal affairs. Charles W. Schramm, 
superintendent of accounts and finances, 
at one time held the office of assessor, in 
which capacity he made a splendid record as 
a public official. He is a resident of West 
Des Moines, a man of ability and one who 
enjoys the confidence of the entire city. 
John L. Hamerey, superintendent of public 
safety, was once an alderman under the old 
system, he having been elected on the re- 
form ticket. He is a union labor man, a 
journeyman painter by trade, a resident of 
West Des Moines, and a man peculiarly 
fitted for public service. J. Wesley Ash, 
superintendent of parks and public prop- 
erty, was once a coal miner, a resident 
of East Des Moines, a union labor leader, 
formerly deputy sheriff, and elected because 
of union labor support. 

This brief character sketch of the men 
elected as commissioners disproves the 
claim made 'by those who were opposed 
to the viifln, that, under such a system, the 
West Side would always elect all of the 
men : that they would be selected from the 
republican party; that labor unions would 
be unrepresented, and that the government 
would be run by, and in the interest of, 
the wealthy men of the community. At 
the first election no tendency was indi- 
cated to choose the commissioners from 
any section of the city, or from any pro- 
fession or class. 

These five men assumed their duties in 
April, 1908 and have just completed the 
first half of their two-year term. Their 
work has been unusually heavy and diffi- 
cult during this first year, since the various 



problems incident to putting the new form 
of government into operation fell to them 
for solution. Everything was new; they 
had nothing with which to work; the dif- 
ferent parts of the governmental machinery 
had to be made, then put together, and aft- 
erwards started in motion. This work of 
organizing the new government was made 
more difficult because of the bankrupt con- 
dition of the city when the new government 
assumed control. The old council was un 
favorable to the new plan, and conditions, 
as it left them, have handicapped the new 
administration from the beginning. A cur- 
rent indebtedness of over $180,000 for the 
preceding year was one of the first things 
which demanded the attention of the newly 
elected officials. Bonds were finally issued 
to meet the indebtedness left over by the 
foimer council, and the old debts paid. 
The new government then started out to 
provide a better administration of our pub- 
lic affairs, with less of extravagance and 
waste, and more of that business scrutiny 
and common sense, so noticable in modern 
business life- 

The assignment of the different commis- 
sioners to their respective departments 
could not have been improved. The muni- 
cipal officers appointed by the board were 
in the main well chosen. They were se- 
lected in most cases because of fitness 
and experience. The effective civil service 
provision helped to fill the minor positions 
with competent officials. A less number 
was therefore required, and the expense of 
administration somewhat reduced. 

Thus one by one they solved these prob- 
lems as they sat around the little table 
in the old city hall. In session almost 
daily, these men advised together, discus- 
sed and settled with dispatch the various 
propositions which camie before them for 
action. The commissioners have applied 
themselves earnestly to their respective 
tasks, giving their whole time and best 
thought to the solution of the various prob- 
lems of the city. 

The first year under the Des Moines Plan 
has been marked by several very decided 
improvements in the character of the work 
done for the benefit of the public. 

With the department of streets and pub- 
lic improvements rests the responsibility of 
superintending all the public improvements 
of the city. During the year just past this 
department constructed over $550,000.00 
worth of improvements, in the way of 
bridges, sewers, paving, curbing, etc. This 
work has been done promptly, economically, 
systematically and at a great saving to the 
property owners throughout the city. In 
the downtown districts the streets are be- 
ing paved and the sidewalks re-laid, of uni- 
form width and material. Enforcement of 
contract specifications have been rigid. In- 
stead of letting contracts for one class of 
material and allowing a substitution of an 
inferior grade, the board has refused to ac- 
oept such work as does not comply with 
the requirements. On School street three 
different lots of brick were laid before the 
pavement was finally accepted, because the 



22 



THE MIDWESTERN 



material used was not that called for in 
the specifications. Streets have been kept 
in excellent condition, and the alleys have 
been cleaned, something heretofore un- 
known. Contractors have been required to 
pay the penalty stipulated in the contract 
when the work was not finished within 
the contract time. Everywhere we find 
more system in the building of improve- 
ments, and less tearing up of pavements 
when once laid. 

Some of the features wf the management 
in this department are, responsible heads 
in all departments, merit system, workmen 
on duty at eight o'clock, weekly cabinet 
meeting of foremen, elimination of incom- 
petents, absence of sinecures and detailed 
accounts for every job of two dollars or 
over. 

Upon the department of public safety 
rests the responsibility of policing the fifty- 
four square mile of territory within the city 
limits; of protecting the health of the hun- 
dred thousand people who live within her 
borders; and of providing adequate fire pro- 
tection for the eighty millions of property 
within the city. 

The police department has been re-or- 
ganized, and a man of seventeen years' ex- 
perience in the ranks selected as chief of 
police. Younger and cleaner men are re- 
placing the inefficient ones, who got their 
jobs on the old force because of political 
influence. A school of instruction has been 
started for the policemen, and here they 
are taught the city ordinances, the state 
laws in regard to crime, first aids to the 
injured, and lessons :in discipline. For the 
first time in the history of Des Moines have 
the four departments of police, health, de 
tective, and fire been working together in 
harmony. Slot machines and gambling de- 
vices have been suppressed, while the "bond 
sharks" and people of red-light district have 
been cleaned out. About three hundred 
denizens and their associates were driven 
from the city. That this breaking up of 
the red-light district has had a wholesome 
effect upon the morals of the city can be 
seen from the great falling off in crime, 
as shown by the police records. 

In the department of accounts and finan- 
ces we also find many improvements. Mod- 
ern bookkeeping methods have been in- 
stalled; the reports of the various depart- 
ments are carefully checked over and all 
money strictly accounted for. All cash "and 
transcripts are now turned over to the 
treasurer and every obligation of the city 
is paid by warrant drawn by the auditor. 
This checking system of the auditor re- 
sulted last year in finding for the city 
over $2,000.00. A careful inspection under 
the new system has revealed many dis- 
crepancies which went on constantly under 
the old management. Uniform receipts are 
used in all branches. Every department 
is audited, and semi-monthly, monthly and 
yearly reports are furnished so that the fi- 
nancial condition of the city Is known at 
all times; something undreamed of under 
the old system. 

The city of Des Moines has a num/ber of 



large and beautiful parks, covering in all 
about six hundred and fifty acres of wooded 
land. They are located so that the people 
from every part of the city are within easy 
reach of them. During the past year the 
superintendent of parks and public property 
has kept them in excellent condition. His 
report for the year shows that he has been 
able to do the work connected with the 
various properties of the city for eight 
thousand dollars less money than was re- 
quired by the park board under the old 
system. In addition to his work on the 
parks and golf links, he has had the care 
of some twenty thousand dollars worth of 
personal property belonging to the city, 
and over one and a half million dollars 
worth of city realty. 

The new administration has been suc- 
cessful in adjusting several matters with 
the public service corporations to the de- 
cided benefit of the people. The electric 
light company has cut its rates; the street 
car company offers to go share and share, 
on the Chicago Plan, while plans for a 
reduction on street gas lights and water 
rates are already under way. After more 
than twenty years of effort to secure a via- 
duct on West Seventh street, the new ad- 
ministration has brought about the long 
hoped for improvement, and that without 
litigation or appeal to the street railroad 
commission. Heretofore it has been the 
custom to place the expense of public im- 
provements running under the right of way 
of the Des Moines City Railway upon the 
city, but recently a contract has been made 
with the company whereby they now agree 
to bear the expenses of these improvements 
themselves. 

The success of the plan in operation is 
more fully appreciated after an examination 
of the annual report for the year, which 
report shows that the public affairs of the 
city were not only more satisfactorily ad- 
ministered, but at a considerably less ex- 
pense than under the old system. The fol- 
lowing from the financial report may be of 
interest, especially to tax payers who live 
in those American cities which are already 
heavily in debt and becoming more deeply 
involved each year. 

During the last year every department 
of the city kept within the budget, and 
closed with a balance in the treasury in- 
stead of the usual deficit. On April 1, 
1909, the city had a working capital, after 
all bills for the year " had been paid, of 
$104,855.00. Compare this situation with 
that of the city under the old system 
when, on April 1, 1908, they lacked $119,- 
200.00 of enough money to pay their obli- 
gations for the year. In fairness to the 
old administration it should be said that 
about $40,000.00 of this $119,200.00 had been 
carried over from the previous year, but 
even then the last city council under the 
old system was $79,200.00 behind. By add- 
ing the balance on hand at the close of 
the year of the new administration to the 
deficit shown at the close of the old ad- 
ministration we find a difference between 
the two systems of government of $184,- 



THE DES MOINES PLAN 



23 



055.00. Not since 1890, and but twice in 
the history of Des Moines, has there been 
a balance in the treasury at the end of 
the fiscal year. 

In this connection it may be stated that 
practically the entire bonded indebtedness 
of the city of Des Moines is the result 
of these annual deficits of our old City 
Government. Under its unbusiness admin- 
istration extravagance and waste was every- 
where found, and the books of the city 
show, with two exceptions, a deficit at the 
close of each year. These have been al- 
lowed to accumulate for two or three years ; 
then bonds would be issued to cover the 
floating debt, and, as a result, the city to- 
day is carrying the burden of a bonded 
indebtedness of $916,000.00, upon which the 
tax payers of Des Moines are required to 
pay the annual interest of $37,730.00. 

According to figures in the city auditor's 
office the per capita cost of running the 
city's business was $2.52 less during the 
first year under the Des Moines Flan than 
it was during the last year under the old 
alderemanic system. Under the old it was 
$10.32, per capita; under the new but $7.80, 
or about four-fifths as much. 

This satisfactory financial condition of 
the city, as indicated above, is due in the 
main to the introduction of business meth- 
ods into the administration of public af- 
fairs. The reader will readily see that it 
is impossible to make a study, of any 
value, in the comparative cost of paving, 
grading, layers of sewers, construction of 
bridges, etc., with those of other years, since 
varying conditions make it out of the ques- 
tion to find jobs of similar kind and size 
and with the same specifications to com- 
pare- It is significant, however, that in 
those instances where conditions are the 
same and where comparisons can be made, 
they have always been to the decided ad- 
vantage of the new administration. A few 
of these comparisons are made in the fol- 
lowing paragraphs. 

As business men the commissioners saw 
that the funds of the city should be draw- 
ing interest, and so set about at once to 
make such arrangements with the banks, 
with the result that the city is now draw- 
ing four per cent on time deposits and two 
per cent on daily balances. The interest 
on the various funds of the city for the 
year just past amounted to $9,132.17. 

The board of commissioners were also 
able to make more favorable contracts with 
the lighting companies. The lighting bill 
of the city for the year ending April 1, 
1908, was $66,243.00, while that for the 
year ending April 1, 1909, was but $60,694.00, 
or a saving to the city in this one item 
alone of $5,549.00. Another item on this 
bill is now in litigation, and this, if the 
city is successful, will increase the amount 
saved by the city on lighting bills alone to 
$10,322.00. The present rate for arc lights 
is $65 per year; prior to April, 1908, it was 
$95 per year. In addition to this the city 
has had the 603 lamps, which were for- 
merly on moonlight schedule, burning all 



night and every night; a gain of 1,818 hours 
per lamp per year. 

It cost the city, under the old system, 
$4.47 per square yard to pave the Grand 
avenue bridge with creosote blocks, but 
under the Des Moines Plan,- Walnut street 
bridge was paved with the same material 
at a cost to the city of but $4.09 per square 
yard, a clear saving of $1,196.58, and the 
city paid its workmen twenty per cent more 
than the contractor paid his. 

Under the old .system 2,272 catch basins 
were cleaned at an amount 
while under the Des Moines Plan 3,861 
catch basins were cleaned at an average 
cost of $1.12 and 3/10 cents, a saving to 
the city of $1,069.25. 

In 1907 a culvert on Easton Boulevard 
was built under contract for the city at an 
expense of $17.61 per cubic yard, while the 
city put the culvert on North street last 
year at a cost of but $12.63 per cubic 
yard, a saving of $4.98 per cubic yard. 

The superintendent of parks and public 
property has been renting the farms belong- 
ing to the city, selling hay, gfain and fruit 
grown on city property, granting conces- 
sions in the parks on good terms, and doing 
his own mowing at three-fourths what it 
used to cost the park board under the 
old sysiem. 

The health department of the city was 
supported on $1,400.00 less than it took un- 
der the old system, while the police depart- 
ment was managed for $8,000.00 less than 
was used the year before. 

The new administration is making a sub- 
stantial saving by paying cash for every- 
thing, thereby getting closer prices and 
the advantages of a liberal discount. Last 
year this item-, together with that of set- 
tlements made, amounted to $6,000.00. 

You will notice from the above that one 
of the things which has thus far char- 
acterized the administration under the Des 
Moines Plan has been the introduction of 
business methods into the conduct of the. 
city's affairs. Unlike the administration 
which existed under the old ward system, 
we find a close business scrutiny, similar 
to that seen in the management of private 
enterprises. The commissioners are devot- 
ing their entire time, thought and energy 
to the one great question of how to use 
the public funds entrusted to their care 
in a way to provide the greatest possible 
good to the largest number and at the least 
expense to each individual tax payer. An 
administration of this character is in strik- 
ing contrast with that of the old system, 
and results in a saving of thousands of 
dollars during the course of a year's busi- 
ness, all of which insures to the benefit of 
every tax payer and oitizen of the city. 

Thus far no ordinances have been initiat- 
ed or protested under the provision of the 
initiative and referendum, nor have any of 1 
the commissioners been recalled. And in* 
all probability it will seldom be necessary 
for the people to put these features into 
actual operation. The mere existence of 



24 



THE MIDWESTERN 



these provisions and the possibility of us- 
ing them, has already had a salutary ef- 
fect upon the people of the city, as well as 
upon their officials. Under the old system 
the people had no control over their of- 
ficers, and, being unable to protest effec- 
tively, there was no reason for concerning 
themselves with the acts of their officials. 
Under the new plan they have the power 
to initiate, protest, and recall, and as a re- 
sult the people are giving much more at- 
tention to the administration of its public 
affairs. The simplicity of the new govern- 
ment, together with the many provisions 
for publicity, make it easy for the people 
to inform themselves, and this active in- 
terest on the part of the voters is proving 
beneficial. On the- other hand this larger 
control of the people tends to make the 
work of the governing board in a larger 
measure responsive to public opinion. All 
in all, the government is more democratic; 
it unites the people and their representa- 
tives. 



The most conservative would not hesi- 
tate to say that the city of Des Moines Has 
been more economically managed in every 
way, and that better results have been ac- 
complished in every department under the 
Des Moines Plan than ever before. 

If one were to express in a word the se- 
cret of this success, that word would be 
"responsibility." There is a clear-cut divi- 
sion of the work of the city, and officials 
throughout the system are taking a keener 
interest in the successful performance of 
those duties for which they are held re- 
sponsible. 

As said at the beginning, the Des Moines 
Plan is still on trial, but if our public af- 
fairs are as well managed in the future as 
they have been during the past year there 
will be but few American cities at the 
end of a decade that do not have a city 
government modeled after the Des Moines 
Plan. 



OPINIONS 



I think that in many ways Des 
Moines is showing the success of the 
"Des Moines Plan." The naming of 
the streets is something we have 
wished for for a long. time. The streets 
have never been in a better condition 
generally. I have noticed especially 
the approaches to the streets. Only a 
few years back one would have thought 
he was entering a country village, but 
now the underbrush and weeds are 
cleared away. The crowds on the 
streets and at the waiting room also 
have improved in manner. A decided 
improvement along all these lines has 
taken place. I consider the Des Moines 
plan a signal success thus far and 
worthy of commendation to other cit- 
ies. Mrs. Martin Flynn. 



Replying to your request for a brief 
statement of my opinion concerning 
the success of the "Des Moines Plan" 
of municipal government, will say if 
the citizens would take a personal in- 
terest in the matter of choosing com- 
missioners, carefully look up the past 
record of the various candidates, and 
then support the men who possess bus- 
iness and executive ability ; men with 



clean records and honest purposes, then 
the Des Moines Plan would be a suc- 
cess as has been demonstrated in two 
of the departments in the city of Des 
Moines during the past year. 

The department of accounts and fi- 
nances, in the hands of Charles W. 
Schramm, whose business training and 
ability has peculiarily fitted him for 
this department, is in excellent condi- 
tion. 

The streets of Des Moines were 
never in better condition than during 
the past year. The placing of signs at 
street intersections giving names of 
streets, and other innovations and im- 
provements made, have shown that a 
man of the honesty and ability of John 
MacVicar, present superintendent of 
the department of streets and public 
improvements, can accomplish good re- 
sults under the Des Moines Plan. The 
success of these two departments has 
removed all doubt as to the success of 
the plan in the hands of honest and 
capable men. I believe, however, that 
the solicitor and police judge should 
be elected by the people. 

Frank S. Shankland. 




W. W. WISE 



THE DES MOINES PLAN 



By W. W. Wise 



OPPOSING THE PLAN 



OPEN LETTER TO THE EDITOR 

Dm Moines, Iowa, Dec. ',), 1 909. 

Mrs. Carolyn Ogllvle, 
Des Moines, Iowa. 

Dear Madam: 

Your letter received requesting permis- 
sion to reprint article on Dee Moines Plan, 

which appeared in the June issue of the 
Midwestern, with such additions as I de- 
sire to make, as the number of Inquiries 



for material on this form of government has 
made it almost impossihle to answer each 
individual letter. 

In reply would say that you have my eon- 
sent to reprint same and I desire bo answer 

some of the extravagant statements made 
by the frlenda Of the Des Moines Plan, the 
first and mosl important of which is, as one 
writer puts it, "the work of Organising I lie 
new government which was made more dif- 
ficult because of the bankrupt condition of 
the city when the new government assumed 



£6 



THE MIDWESTERN 



control The old council was unfavorable 
to the new plan, and conditions, as it left 
them, has handicapped the new adminis- 
tration from the beginning, and an indebt- 
edness of over $180,000.00 for the preceding 
year was one of the first things demand- 
ing the attention of the newly elected of- 
ficials." 

He, in true political style, would leave 
the impression that the old administration 
had left a bankrupt treasury with $180,000.- 
00 of indebtedness; their first annual report 
shows that the new commission received, 
in cash from the old, $205,000.00, and that 
they, the new commissioners, in their labor- 
ious effort to show a bad condition, added 
the $205,000.00 to their income and issued 
bonds for the entire $180,000.00. 

Great credit has been claimed for the 
new administration, because on April 1, 
1909, it was said it had on hand in cash, 
in round numbers, $333,000.00; while on 
April 1, 1909,' at the time the old adminis- 
tration went out of office, there was on 
hand only $205,000.00. In other words, it 
has been claimed that the city was $128,- 
000.00 better off at the end of the first year 
of its administraiton under the commission 
form of government. 

An analysis of the financial statement 
promulgated by the city, showing its finan- 
cial condition on April 1, 1909, reveals how- 
ever, that as a matter of fact the city was 
not as well off financially as it was on 
the first of April, ,1908. During the year 
1909 there was an increase in the amount 
of cash -in the bond funds of $34,00000. 
This increase is simply an accumulation for 
the purpose of paying outstanding bonds 
as they fall due at stated periods, and there 
was, of course, an increase in the receipts 
in the working funds over the year ending 
April 1, 1908, of $61,000.00. The city of 
Des Moines is also the owner of a fund 
known as the water works fund, which was 
produced by the levy of a tax some ten 
years ago for the purpose of purchasing 
a municipal water plant. The levy was dis- 
continued and the fund placed at interest 
by the old administration. The interest on 
this fund during the year 1908 was about 
$4,000.00. 

The city also claims to have had on 
hand April 1, 1909, in the neighborhood of 
$60,000.00 in its water and light funds. This 
accumulation, however, is due to the fact 
that it has not paid to the Des Moines 
Water Company or to the Welsbach Light 
Company the bills of these companies for 
furnishing water and lighting the streets 
during the greater part of the year 1909. 
The city has on hand a controversy with 
the water company and has refused to pay 
any bills unless the company will furnish 
it with certain statements, and it has re- 
fused to pay the light company ' on the 
ground that the contract was illegal. The 
admitted liability on the part of the city 
to these two companies is about $57,000.00 
and the light company claims in addition 
four or five thousand dollars. The total 
of these increases and outstanding claims 
Is about $156,000.00 so that as a matter of 



fact, the city of Des Moines, instead of be- 
ing $128,000.00 better off on the first day 
of April, 1909, had about $128,000.00 less 
in cash, when increases in the funds and 
outstanding claims are considered. 

It will probably be said in answer to 
this that the old administration when it 
went out of office left outstanding about 
$175,000.00 of indebtedness. Included in this 
indebtedness, however, is $84,000.00 which 
was expended for substantial improvements 
in the way of fire houses, paving, etc. Also 
some $43,000.00 which was represented by 
certificates on various funds, the expen- 
diture of which was made necessary by 
reason of two disastrous and unprecedented 
rain storms which occurred during the sum- 
mer of 1907, and which washed out sewers ri 
bridges and grades in all parts of the city; 
and $24,000.00 of it, which was in the" form 
of judgments, was the tail end of the in- 
debtedness of about $150,000.00 which the 
city was compelled to incur during the 
years 1902 and 1903, when the city was 
visited by two of the worst floods ever 
known in the history of the city, and also 
by a small pox epidemic. The floods and 
small pox epidemic of these two years en- 
tailed upon the city an extraordinary ex- 
penditure which, at a conservative esti- 
mate, was in excess of $150,000.00. The old 
administration, instead of issuing bonds, 
was gradually paying off this indebtedness 
due to extraordinary conditions. 

These amounts make a total of $151,000.00 
of the claimed $175,000.00 of indebtedness. In 
addition, if the old administration is to 
be charged with this indebtedness, which 
was an accumulation not on one year but 
of many years, the new administration 
should be charged with the indebtedness of 
$76,000.00 which was in the form of bridge 
certificates issued in payment of the cost 
of the construction' of the bridge oVer the 
Des Moines River at Locust street. De- 
ducting this $76,000.00 from the $175,000.00 
claimed indebtedness of the old administra- 
tion leaves a balance of $100,000.00 of in^ 
debtedness over and above the admitted in- 
debtedness of the present city administra- 
tion; and as we have shown, $151,000.00 of 
the claimed improvements or expenditures 
caused by extraordinary conditions. 

During the first year under the commis- 
sion form of government no substantial im- 
provements were made by the new adminis- 
tration, other than the construction of pav- 
ing and street Improvements ; the old ad- 
ministration had built the necessary fire 
houses, had constructed all of the main 
sewers that will be needed for some time, 
and in general had brought the city to a 
point where it was possible to begin the 
practice of economy, except in the matter 
of the construction of bridges and a new 
city hall, which is badly needed. The old 
administration had taken the preliminary 
steps for the construction of a new city 
hall, but the new adminsitration has, as 
yet, done very little towards carrying out 
this project, and has made no expenditures 
in furtherance of it. The year ending April 



THE DES MOINES Pll\N 



1, 1909, was a -quiet one and no extraor- 
dinary oonditions arose Which caused any 
extraordinary expenditures on the part of 
the city government. 

Comparing, therefore, the expenditures 
which were actually made by the old and 
the new governments, exclusive of expen- 
diture made for substantial improvements 
and due to extraordinary causes, there is 
a balance in favor of the old government 
Of some $51,000.00. In other words, there 
was spent by the new commission form of 
government for ordinary expenses some 
$51,000.00 more than was spent by the city 
during the last year under the old form. 
It is to be remembered that a new broom 
sweeps clean and the new, oouncil went 
into office on April 1, 1909, with the express 
determination and for the puprose of mak- 
ing a good record. The newspapers of the 
city were all insisting that they make a 
showing which would be a credit to the 
oity and to the new form of government, 
and were continually patting them on the 
back, in marked contrast to the manner in 
which every act of the old administra- 
tion was treated. The people were hold- 
ing up their hands and watching them, urg- 
ing them to run the city on an economical 
basis, to make a financial showing that 
would be a good advertisement. And yet, 
in spite of all this, and without any ex- 
traordinary conditions confronting them at 
any time, their showing has been $51,000.- 
00 poorer than the showing of the old ad- 
ministration during this last year. 

This same writer, in extolling the virtue 
of this new commission plan of govern- 
ment, says that the new commissioners 
hpve placed the funds of the city at in- 
terest but does not say that this was in 
accordance with an act of the legislature 
as the same treasurer under the commis- 
sion form of government was treasurer 
under the old form of goverenment. Then 
he lays great stress upon the fact that a 
reduction was made in the light bills, with- 
out litigation, but he does not state that 
in this compromise the minimum for priv- 
ate consumers was advanced; nor does he 
mention that under the old system, a few 
years ago, the rates on water, electric lights 
and gas, were reduced many times more 
than the reduction made under the new 
form of government. 

Again he savs it cost the city, under the 
old system, $4.47 per square yard to pave 
the Grand avenue bridge with creosote 
blocks but under the Des Moines Plan 
Walnut street bridge was paved with the 
same material at a cost to the city of 
but $4.00 per square yard, a saving of 
$1,198.58 and the city paid its workmen 20 
per cent more than the contractor paid 
his. In the former case almost the en- 
tire old wookwork was removed and new 
replaced, and the contractor required to 
give a maintenance bond for seven years, 
while in the latter case the blocks were 
placed upon the old sub-floor and the city 
will be required to do all repairing from 
the beginning. $1,196.58 would not nearly 



e/di; 



27 



make the» difference between these two 
jobs. 

In another place in his article he says 
that under the old system 2,272 catch bas- 
ins were cleaned out at an average of $1.40, 
while cost of $1,123, a saving to the city 
of $1,069.25. No claim is made the sys- 
tem of catch basins were not kept as well 
cleaned under the old as under the new 
system, which is the case. The number 
of catch basins in operation were practi- 
cally the same in both years, about 1,200. 
The commissioners expended several thou- 
sand dollars more on this work than under 
the old form of government. An investi- 
gation of this claim developed the fact 
that a large number of their catch basins 
were cleaned by simply injecting a fire 
hose into them and blowing the dirt out of 
the basin into the sewer, where it would 
cost many times more to remove than if 
the same had been removed in the usual 
way and carted off. 

This method of cleaning catch basins 
was rarely used under the old system as 
it was very destructive to the basins, and 
when it was used was never reported as 
so many basins cleaned out came under 
general expense. 

Again he says that in 1907 a culvert on 
Easton Boulevard was built under contract 
for the city, at an expense of $17.61 per 
cubic yard, while the city put in a culvert 
on North and Thirtieth streets last year 
at a cost of but $12.63 per cubic yard, a 
saving of $4.98 per cubic yard, but carefully 
avoids mentioning the difference in the 
price of cement and the size of the two 
jobs. As to the North and Thirtieth streets 
work, the Daily Capital in its issue of Feb- 
ruary 16th, 1909, has the following: 
"Charges were made by Mayor Mathis yes- 
terday that Councilor John MacVicar re- 
fused the bids of the Turner Improvement 
Co. and the Horrabin Construction Co. for 
building the big Thirtieth street culvert, 
and then had the work done by the city 
engineer at a cost of $1,200.00 greater than 
the sum asked by the construction compan- 
ies." Tb'e bids above referred to were re- 
ceived under the old form of government 
just prior to April 1st, when the new com- 
missioners took their seat, and these bids 
were turned over for final action. 

He further states the superintendent of 
parks and public property has been rent- 
ing the farms belonging to the city, and 
selling hay, grain a.nd fruit grown on city 
property. It is difficult for one to believe 
that he desires this statement to be taken 
seriously as the farms referred to are 
as beautiful parks as are to be found in 
any oity in the country, and inventoried in 
their statement at $1,000,000.00. 

Referring to the incidentals in the special 
assessment work done, which is. the real 
test of ability and fidelity of the officials 
in charge of this class of work, he states: 
"Under the Des Moines Plan the average 
cost of incidentals for asphalt pavement 
has been reduced from 4 9/10 per square 
yard to 2 8/10 cents. Upon investigation 
it was found that this difference was caused 



28 



THE MIDWESTERN 



by the chemical analysis, which, under the 
old form of government, was made by 
the State Chemist and under the commis- 
sion form by a regularly employed chemist 
paid from the general fund, while in the 
former case it was assessed as part of the 
cost of the improvement as all incidentals 
prior to that time had been done. 

On sewers he says there was a reduction 
from 13 2/10 cents per lineal foot to 9 
9/10 cents. This difference is explained 
by the reason of a large sewer system, 
known as Grand View Sewer System No. 1, 
the construction of which consumed almost 
an entire season on account of quick sand 
being encountered for several thousand 
feet. In some instances almost a month 
was consumed in building a few hundred 
feet of sewer, which made the incidentals 
very high as to engineering and inspection. 
He then says that the incidentals were re- 
duced on curbing from 9 to 7 cents per 
lineal foot but fails to state the other side 
of the question; that during the last year 
of the old administration incidentals for 
brick paving were 1 5/10 cent per square 
yard greater under the commission form. 
Combined curb and gutter were 4 cents per 
lineal foot greater under the commission 
form than under the old form. Brick side- 
walks were 4 cents per square foot greater 
under the commission form than under the 
old form. Cement sidewalks were 4 cents 
greater under the commission than under 
the old form. It will be seen from this 
whether or not any greater efficiency was 
shown in these public improvements by the 
officials under the old form of govern- 
f ment. 

Then again, the friends of the plan are 
continually claiming that you can locate 
responsibility as one of the great advertis- 
ing features of this plan. I will just give 
i one incident which I think will thoroughly 
explode this cl?.im. When the new com- 
mission had under contemplation the build- 
ing of a new city hall and it became nec- 
essary to choose an architect, after ninety 
days of wrangle and incrimination they 
ended by employing eight architects to 
draw plans and specifications for one build- 
ing, anyone of whom would have been per- 
fectly competent to have done the work. 
If anyone can explain how you could lo- 
cate responsibility in this case it is more 
than I can do. \ 

The claim is /made by the friends of the 
Des Moines Flan that they have adminis- 
tered the affairs of the city without having 
raised the tax rate. (Now, this is true, but 
if they had been other than finished poli- 
ticians they would have raised the rate, 
as it will be seen by their first annual 
report. The building permits for the year 
1908 show that the increase in value is a 
little less than $1,000,000.00. Now, the as- 
sessor, who is appointed by this commis- 
sion, has raised the valuation $5,000,000.00, 
making an increase of about $4,000,000.00 
over and above the improvements as shown 
by the building permits.) 

I The only other claim, I believe they make\ 
\for this form of government, is that it 



eliminates politicians, but the careful per- 
usal of the history of the first election 
under the Des Moines Plan of government, 
wherein the business men of the oity organ- 
ized and placed in the field a ticket com- 
posed of the best business men in the city 
of Des Moines, who were ignominiously de- 
feated by five of the shrewdest politicians 
in the city of Des Moines. 'Nln making this 
statement I desire it to be Understood that 
I am in no way belittling these men as they 
are very good officials arid have done well, 
but not in a single instance have they done 
better than the officials under the old form 
of government. 

You ask me why, if my theories are cor- 
rect, so many cities are adopting this form 
of government. I think the little poem 
written by Sam Waller Poss and dedicated 
to Boston streets and preachers, and as 
recited by the late ex-Mayor Jones .of 
Toledo at the National Convention of the 
League of American Municipalities, will an- 
swer, in a measure your question. 

MDne day, through a primeval wood, 
A calf walked home, as good calves should, 
And leit a trail all bent askew, 
A crooked trail, as all calves do. 

Since then two hundred years have fled, 
And I infer the calf is dead, 
But still he left behind his trail. 
And thereby hangs my mortal tale. 

The trail was taken up next day 
By a lone dog that passed that way; 
And then a wise bell-wether sheep 
Pursued the trail o'er dale and steep, 
And let his flock behind him, too, 
As good bell wethers always do. 

And from that day, o'er hill and glade, 
Through those old woods a path was made, 
And many men wound in and out, 
And bent and turned and crooked about, 
And uttered words of righteous wrath, 
Because it was such a crooked path. 

But still they followed— do not laugh— 
The first migrations of that calf, 
And through this winding woodway stalked 
Because he wobbled when he walked. 



He proceeds to tell us that the path be- 
came a lane, and that the lane became a 
road, where many a poor horse with his 
load toiled on beneath the burning sun and 
traveled some three miles in one. 

And men in two centuries and a half, 
Trod in the footsteps of that calf. 
For men are prone to go it blind 
Along the calf-ways of the mind, 
And work away from sun to sun 
And do as other men have done. 
But how the wise old wood gods laugh, 
Who saw the first migrations of that calf. 



THE DES MOINES PLAN 



29 



Although Editor Young of the Daily Cap- 
ital may have come some nearer to the 
point in an editorial that appeared a few 
days ago In which he lamented the ten- 
dencies of the times, referring to the Ful- 
ton and Hudson parade where the partici- 
pants were compelled to keep step to such 
soul inspiring airs as Chocolate Soldier, Dill 
Pickles and Simpering Sue. 

Yours respectfully, 

W .W. WISE. 

DISCUSSION OF THE DES MOINES PLAN 

Second paper by W. W. Wise opposed 

to the plan 

For thirty years — from 1858 to 1888 — the 
affairs of the city of Des Moines were ad- 
ministered under a commission form of gov- 
ernment, the mayor and city council being 
clothed with the legislative, executive, and 
limited judicial powers. At the end of that 
period the city was indebted to the full 
legal limit, and was enjoined from going 
further in debt by a prominent citizen. She 
had not to exceed $100,000 to show for this 
great indebtedness, and her condition was 
so bad that the people demanded a change. 

Hon. A. B. Cummins and Hon. James G. 
Berryhill, members of the legislature, suc- 
ceeded in having passed a number of laws 
creating a board of public works, giving a 
limited initiative and referendum in grant- 
ing certain franchises, empowering the reg- 
ulation of water, gas and other rates, limit- 
ing the compensation of councilmen, provid- 
ing for an annual appropriation (or budget), 
etc. 

While these laws were not all perfect, 
they together were the greatest and wisest 
series of laws relating to municipal affairs 
that have ever been enacted in the state. 
My authority for this statement is Hon. W. 
H. Baily, present corporation counsel for 
the city of Des Moines, appointed by the 
present city commission; a man of high at- 
tainments, unimpeachable integrity, and rec- 
ognized as the best authority on municipal 
affairs in the city of Des Moines. 

From 1888 until 1907 the city operated un- 
der the Cummins and Berryhill laws, at which 
time the agitation for a change in form of 
government was started. Public sentiment 
was divided, one of the factions desiring a 
change favoring the Indianapolis plan and 
the other the Galveston commission plan. 
One of the prominent city clubs appointed , 
a committee to investigate and report upon 
the results obtained in these cities under 
their form of government as compared with 
the city of Des Moines under the Cummins 
and Berryhill laws. I will here quote from 
their report: 

Des Moines has lowered her tax levy 
from 41.5 mills in 1900 to 39.7 mills in 
1906. Indianapolis has increased her tax 
levy from 60 cents on the hundred in 1899 



to eighty-eight cents in 1906. In Indian- 
apolis the library tax is not included in the 
city tax, but the library and park taxes are 
included in the Des Moines rate. In Des 
Moines .the city builds and sustains the li- 
brary. In Indianapolis the library is cared 
for and is a part of the school system. 
Galveston is free from the library tax for 
building and maintenance, as she has an 
endowment of $400,000 left her by a patri- 
otic citizen, thus saving $17,000 per year 
over Des Moines. 

"Indianapolis covers much less territory 
than Des Moines .and this makes the ex- 
pense of city government relatively much 
less. 

"Galveston has no bridges, and Marion 
county builds them in Indianapolis; while 
Des Moines pays $50,000 per year to con- 
struct and maintain her bridges, having over 
one hundred bridges and culverts. Galves- 
ton has eieht public schools, maint lined at 
a cost of $78,000, one-third of which is paid 
by the state. Of these buildings the two 
largest were gifts from the men whose 
names they bear. Des Moines has fifty- 
four public schools and pays annually $477,- 
000 for their support. Taxes in Des Moines 
are paid upon 25 per cent of the full value. 

"Your attention is called to the fact that 
within the last six years Des Moines has 
built and equipped five fire houses at a cost 
of $75,000; built new bridges at a cost of 
$160,000; paid out $30,000 on account of 
floods; paid $75,000 on account of small 
pox epidemic; and has built four miles of 
intercepting sewer and reduced the bonded 
indebtedness about $200,000. 

"The following comparative statement will 
show Des Moines to be decidedly in the 
lead, notwithstanding her enormous area — 
almost twice that of Indianapolis, and nine 
times that of Galveston, with 460 miles of 
streets as against Indianapolis' 300 and 
Galveston's 72. 



Des Moines Indianapolis Galveston 



Square miles 54 

Pop. (estimated)75,000 
Valuation $67,852,050 .$1 
Kate of tax for municipal 
791-4 on JflOO . 
Tax all pur. .$2 on .$100 $2. 
Number lights 2,100 
Park acreage 650 

Number of firemen 07 
Number of policemen 62 
No. ml. of paving 110 
No. ml. of sts. 460 

Uonderl Debt $078,000 
Saloons 100 

City Expense $641,116 
Tax per capita $8.66 
Total revenue $641,116 
Debt per capita 0.04 
Cost of street. 

lighting .$05,867.60 
Cost of St. 

cleaning $23,000 



The bonded indebtedness of the city of 
Des Moines from 1900 to 1907. as shown 
by the treasurer's report, is as follows: 



28.8 


6.5 


200,000 


30,000 


,58,087,000 


$48,000,000 


purposes 




.88 on $100 




14 on $100 $ 


2.13 on $100 


1,682 


222 


1,320 


16.7 


250 


53 


253 


38 


203 


18 


About 300 


73 


.$2,030,800 


$4,046,000 


740 


73 


$1,772,758 


.$577,210 


0.33 


21.00 


.$1,865,027 


$603,270 


14.55 


122.00 


142,500 


Municipal 


1 60,000 


$23,000 



30 



THE MIDWESTERN 



April 1, 
April 1, 
April 1, 
April 1, 
April 1, 
April 1, 
April 1, 
April 1, 



1900, 
1901, 
1902, 
1903, 
1904, 
1905, 
1906, 
1907, 



Total 
Total 
Total 
Total 
Total 
Total 
Total 
Total 



Indebtedness . 
Indebtedness . 
Indebtedness. 
Indebtedness. 
Indebtedness. 
Indebtedness. 
Indebtedness. 
Indebtedness. 



$852,961.88 
797,868.25 
776.459.43 
753,962.73 
730,422.86 
718,000.00 
683,000.00 
673,000.00 



The campaign for the adoption of the Des 
Moines Plan in the beginning was very 
mild, but as it progressed became very 
bitter. Those opposing the plan had de- 
cidedly the best of the argument. The 
friends of the plan in the early stages were 
compelled to abandon argument based upon 
its merits, and the results obtained under 
it as tried in other cities compared with 
Des Moines. They attached the efficiency 
of the officials and picked out the construc- 
tion of the Sixth avenue bridge, assailing 
it as a monument of mismanagement. That 
was the main and specific thing upon 
which they based their argument, and in 
fact won their campaign. The press of the 
city being almost unanimously in favor of 
the commission plan, made it very difficult, 
if not impossible ,to refute mis-statements 
made. 

The Sixth avenue bridge is a five-span re- 
enforced concrete bridge with brick facings. 
30-foot roadway and 6-foot sidewalk on each 
side. The south span is 40 feet from water 
line to the top of the arch. The total length 
is 585 feet. This was built under two con- 
tracts. The first contract for the south three 
arches of 100 feet each was let to the Cap- 
ital City Brick & Pipe Co. on Dec. 16, 1901— 
contract price $74,900. Edwin Thatcher, de- 
signer, of New York, was to receive a royal- 
ty of 10 per cent of the contract price for 
plans, specifications and expert inspection. 
During the years 1902 and 1903 the city 
was visited with the most disastrous floods 
that she had experienced in many years, 
doing great damage to the bridge and great- 
ly delaying its completion. Excepting the 
paving and curbing, the bridge was com- 
pleted June 27, 1904. The steel re-enforce- 
ment consisted of eleven steel ribs in each 
arch, made by lacing four angles 3x3x% 
inches. The piers and abutments were 
excavated to solid shale and sand-stone. 
The concrete on the piers and abutments 
was composed of one part cement, three 
of sand and seven of gravel; that in the 
arch of one part cement, two parts sand and 
four parts broken stone. 

The floods referred to demonstrated to 
the officials in charge that insufficient water- 
way had been provided, should the city be 
visited again with like floods, and two 
additional spans were ordered. The con- 
tract for the two additional spans was 
awarded to John Dean of Chicago, April 13, 

1905. The contract was completed Jan. 26, 

1906, for $26,200; plans and specifications 
being drawn by the city engineer and no 
royalty paid. The contractor received no pay 
from the city of Des Moines for extras of 
any kind on either of these jobs. 

Topeka, Kan., having two spans added to 



her bridge during the summer of 1905, very 
similar to the two spans of the Sixth avenue 
bridge just described, a comparison of the 
two plans and cost should be conclusive 
evidence as to the mismanagement or in- 
efficiency on the part of the officials having 
charge of the work. 

The Topeka addition is composed of two 
arches of 75 feet each, 11 feet 4 inches and 
12 feet 6 inches respectively in height and 
36 feet in width. The Sixth avenue addition 
consists of two spans of 70 feet each, 13 feet 
six inches in height and 42 feet eight inches 
in width. The total length of the Topeka ad- 
dition is 181 feet, as compared with 174 
feet for the Des Moines bridge. The total 
height of the Topeka bridge from roadway 
to bottom of foundation is 33.95 feet, as 
compared with 45.33 feet for the local struc- 
ture. The Topeka arches are 16 inches 
thick at the crown and 42 Inches at the 
haunches, and contain 474 cubic yards of 
1:2:4 concrete. The Des Moines arches are 
16 inches and 18 inches thick at the crown 
and 34 inches and 36 inches thick at the 
haunches respectively, and contain 674 
cubic yards of 1:2:4 concrete. 

The Topeka abutments, pier and spandrel 
walls contain 1230 cubic yards of 1:3%:7 
concrete. The abutments, pier and spandrel 
wall of the Sixth avenue bridge contain 
1300 cubic yards of 1:3:7 concrete. The To- 
peka bridge is supported by 127 piles as 
against 215 for the local bridge. 

The steel in the Topeka structure amounts 
to 63,608 pounds, while the amount in the 
Sixth avenue bridge is 73,992 pounds. The 
excavation for the Topeka job amounted to 
873 cubic yards above water and 278 yards 
below. That of Sixth avenue was 2,212 
cubic yards above and 625 cubic yards be- 
low. The earth fill on the Topeka bridge 
amounted to 1,261 cubic yards, that of Sixth 
avenue comes to 2,500 cubic yards. 

The Topeka contract called for 556 square 
yards of brick paving, whereas the road- 
way of the local bridge was finished with 
163 cubic yards of gravel. Besides the arch- 
es already mentioned, the Sixth avenue con 
tract called for four retaining walls, which 
came to about $5,000 in the engineer's es- 
timate. Subtracting this amount from the 
$26,200 which was the contract price for 
the arches and walls together, we have 
$21,200 as the actual cost of the two ad- 
ditional spans, as compared with $24,600 
for the arches at Topeka. 

In comparing the quantities for tne two 
structures, we find that those of the Des 
Moines bridge are greater in almost every 
instance from 10 to 50 per cent, whereas the 
cost was almost $3,400 less. 

The engineer who had charge of the con- 
struction of the Sixth avenue bridge was 
chosen city engineer by the recently elected 
city commissioners from » large number of 
candidates, and not one word of opposition 
was heard in connection with his appoint- 
ment. His ability shown and his fidelity 
to the city's interests in the construction 
of the Sixth avenue bridge contributed as 
much as all other things in his behalf 



THE DES MOINES PLAN 



31 



in the choice of an engineer under the Des 
Moines Flan. 

At the time of the construction of this 
bridge, the city had in its employ Col. G. A. 
Eberhart, a special bridge engineer; and 
this being the only bridge under construc- 
tion at that time, he gave his time almost 
exclusively to it, and no criticism was ever 
made of his work. His ability and in- 
tegrity were beyond question. This fact 
was further attested by the commissioners 
elected under the Des Moines Plan favoring 
him with the appointment to the most re- 
sponsible position within their gift, that of 
assistant superintendent of streets and pub- 
lic improvements — the only real department 
under this form of government. 

Almost all of the recognized authorities on 
municipal problems are outspoken in their 
opposition to combining the executive, legis- 
lative and judicial powers in any one body. 

James Madison said in the Federalist; 
"The accumulation of all power— legislative, 
executive and judicial — in the same hands, 
whether of one, a few, or many, and whether 
hereditary, self-appointed or elective, may 
justly be pronounced the very definition of 
tyranny." 

Mr. Justice Story said: "Whenever these 
departments are all vested in one person 
or body of men, the government is in fact 
a despotism, by whatever name it may be 
called, whether a monarchy, an aristocracy 
or a democracy." (Story on Con. Abridged, 
Ed. 47.) 

Also see (Chief Justice Gray in case of 
Supervisors of Election, 114 Mass. 249.) 

John Piske says: "Our experience has now 
so far widened that we can see that des- 
potism is not the strongest but well-nigh 
the weakest form of government; that cen- 
tralized administrations, like that of the 
Roman Empire, have fallen to pieces, not 
because of too much, but because of too) 
little freedom; and that the only endurable 
government must be that which succeeds in 
achieving national unity on a grand scale 
without weakening the sense of personal 
and local independence, for in the body 
politic this spirit of freedom is as the red 
corpuscles in the blood. It makes a differ- 
ence between a society of self respecting 
men and women and an association of pup- 
pets. Your nation may have art, poetry and 
science, all the refinements of civilized life, 
all the comforts and safeguards that hum- 
an ingenuity can devise; but if it lose this 
spirit of personal and local independence, 
it is doomed and deserves its doom." 

That distinguished Englishman and 
author, Mr. James Bryce, affirms what is 
a recognized platitude in the United States, 
"that city governments are admittedly the 
weak points in the country; that upon which 
Satan has turned his batteries." Boling- 
broke, an eighteenth century statesman, 
wrote "that absolute monarchy is tyranny, 
but absolute democracy is tyranny, and an- 
archy both." Buckle ,a later-date historian, 
asserts the supreme truth when he affirms: 
"There is no instance on record of any 
class possessing power without abusing it." 



An extract from the biennial message of 
Governor Cummins as it appears on page 25 
of the House Journal" of 1907 (the session 
that passed the Des Moines Plan Ml) says 
on municipal government :\'My own view is 
that the representative form of government 
ought to be preserved. Aldermen should be 
elected at large and the city council confined 
strictly to legislative duties. Power should 
be concentrated in the mayor, and he 
should be the responsible administrative 
head of city affairs. He should appoint the 
officials who are to administer the laws. 
The protection qL civil service should be 
extended," etc. ) 

At the time the agitation for a change in 
the form of government was started, Hon. 
W. H. Baily was requested to address an 
organization of three hundred business men 
on the subject of municipal government. 
He said in part: 

"The board of public works law (the Cum- 
mins and Berryhill law) was the first and 
most important effort to separate the execu- 
tive from the legislative functionaries, but 
the law is deficient in four particulars, viz.: 
in giving the right of removal to the coun- 
cil instead of the mayor; in requiring the 
approval of its contracts by the council, and 
in not providing for a decision by the mayor 
or engineer when the members are unable 
to agree. There were some changes made 
when the law was re-enacted in the Code 
of 1897, which tended to increase the con- 
trol of the council over the board, one of 
which was to make the creation of the board 
permissive instead of obligatory. 

"While, as I have said, these laws were 
not all perfect ,and while it may 'be true 
that, as has been so often and so eloquently 
stated, 'they are but patches on the old 
commission harness/ the question for you 
to decide is whether we will strip off 
the patches and go back to the old, worn- 
out rope affair of 1858-1888, or will we keep 
what is good and cut away the balance of 
the old harness and substitute good, service- 
able mayor and council leather in place 
of it? 

"Gentlemen, will you go forward and 
recommend as the boosters' charter for the 
city of Des Moines the best form of charter, 
one under which the city may grow and 
prosper for years to come or will you go 
backward and recommend a system which 
has been weighed in the balance and found 
wanting in our own city, and can only 
be recommended because it has been a suc- 
cessful experiment under the peculiar 
conditions found in the Texas cities? 

"The only interest I have in this matter 
is to help make it true that Des Moines not 
only 'does things,' but does things right. If 
it is decided that we must have the com- 
mission system, I will be ready, as I was a 
year ago to help; but I firmly believe that 
if you do adopt the commission systemc you 
will in less than ten years find the same 
gentlemen who now advocate it exerting 
the same energy and the same eloquence 
of tongue and pen to get rid of It; while 
'Ding' (the Register and Leader cartoonist) 



32 



THE MIDWESTERN 



will be drawing pictures of the same old 
Tammany crowd, who will again be hor- 
rified at the attempt to deprive the people 
of their liberty. If you can have a bad 
government under the present system, you 
can have a worse one under the commis- 
sion system. 

"If the council were deprived of all execu- 
tive functions, including the appointment or 
confirmation of the board of public works 
and other offices, and limited to the exercise 
of legislative powers, including the levy of 
•all taxes for city purposes; and if the mayor 
were given power to appoint and remove, 
without control by the council, all appoint- 
ive officers and boards, I believe most of 
the matters of which we complain in the 
form of our city government would be 
eliminated. 

"The new charter should provide in re- 
spect to the organization and officers of 
the city: 

1. For the election of the members of 
the council by the entire electorate of the 
city. While it would in some respects be 
better if they were elected without reference 
to where they reside, there are reasons in 
favor of having them selected from wards 
or townships. If they were elected by all 
the voters, then the principal objection to 
the present practice would be overcome. If 
they can exercise legislative functions only, 
the present number is not objectionable. 

2. Provide that the council shall exercise 
legislative powers only, but shall levy all 
taxes for city purposes and elect the city 
clerk. 

3. Elect at the general city election the 
same officers as now, with the exception of 
the city engineer. 

4. Provide for the appointment by the 
mayor, without control or confirmation by 
the council, of a board of public works, 
civil engineer, and all other officers, except 
city clerk, who are not elected at the gen- 
eral city election; also that the mayor 
may remove any officer whom he has power 
to appoint. 

5. Make the mayor the general manager 
or superintendent of the city; provide that 
he shall report by message to the council 
upon the business and affairs of the city, 
with recommendations, on the first Monday 
in March, that is, before the annual appro- 
priation ordinance is passed. 

6. Take away from the council the power 
to approve or disapprove contracts made 
by the board of public works. The council 
should, when ordering any work or im- 
provement, have plans and specifications 
before it, and provide specifically for every- 
thing necessary to safeguard the interests 
of the city. 

7. Provide that the officers and boards 
shall appoint and may remove, without con- 
firmation by the council, all deputies and 
assistants in their respective departments. 

8. Provide that all the officers and heads 
of departments shall meet once each month 
with the mayor for conference respecting 



the business of the city, and that each 
officer and board shall on the first Mon- 
day in February make written report to 
the mayor respecting the business of their 
respective departments for the year as they 
may deem proper. 

9. Make the auditor the accounting of- 
ficer of the city, and provide that he shall, 
at least once each year, and oftener when 
directed by the mayor or council, inspect 
and audit the records and accounts of 
every officer and department, and make 
written reports, with such recommendations 
as he may deem best, to the mayor and to 
the council. 

10. Prohibit any city officer being inter- 
ested in the profits of any contract with the 
city or any public service corporations, or 
accepting any pass or special privilege from 
any public service corporation. 

"In addition to the bill already proposed, 
there are several other matters upon which 
additional legislation would be very benefi- 
cial, and I would suggest that your com- 
mittee be instructed to prepare separate 
bills on the following subjects, and others 
that may be suggested: 

1. A bill providing for the recall, the 
initiative and the referendum. 

2. A bill providing that any taxpayer 
can complain before the board of review of 
the assessment of another, and may ap- 
peal from the action of the board of re- 
view upon any complaint and any assess- 
ment, and providing that upon trial of the 
appeal the court may raise the assessment. 

3. A bill providing that the county treas- 
urer shall be ex-officio treasurer of county- 
seat cities and of school districts within 
county-seat cities. This would have save 
the tax-payers of Des Moines several thou- 
sand dollars annually in salaries. 

4. A bill providing that no franchise for 
the use of the streets can be granted ex- 
cept by ordinance, and that the ordinance 
in the form in which it is passed must 
be on the file and open to inspection at 
least ten days before it is passed. 

5. A bill providing that public funds be 
deposited at interest for the use of the 
public treasury. 

6. A bill providing for the inaugurating 
of the merit system and for the selection of 
all city employes below the heads of de- 
partments." 

The League of Iowa Municipalities ap- 
peared by committee before the legislature 
and recommended the passage of a bill 
covering almost all of the recommendations 
made by Governor Cummins and Mr. Baily 
excepting the election of aldermen-at-large. 
The advocates of the Des Moines Plan ad- 
mitted without reservation that the bill was 
a splendid one, and made no objection what- 
ever to its passage, merely saying that 
should the people not adopt the Des Moines 
Plan when it came to a vote, the city would 
still he operating under a splendid form of 
government. But so intent were they on 



THE DES MOINES PLAN 



33 



the commission plan that they succeeded 
in having the bill passed the day following 
the passage of the league bill. 

The Daily Tribune of April 19, 1907, 
quotes J. J. Hamilton, ex-editor of the Des 
Moines Daily News and candidate for gov- 
ernor on the Republican ticket, as follows: 

"Mr. Hamilton completely destroyed the 
theory upon which the Galveston or com- 
mission system is basd, in addressing the 
following to Harvey Ingham of the Register 
and Leader on April 18, 1906: 

"The rejection of the Galveston plan of 
government for Des Moines should not dis- 
hearten the friends of a better system. The 
interest aroused by Mr. Berryhill's proposals 
demonstrates that ■ the people desire a 
change. The agitation has provoked thought 
and educated the community to hope for 
something better. The public thought should 
now be turned in the direction of securing 
suitable legislation. It is not too soon to 
consider what form of government is to be 
desired. 

(I think the Galveston plan will have to 
be abandoned. It has undoubtedly produced 
excellent results at Galveston under con- 
ditions compelling the best and ablest men 
to accept office, and perhaps, too, at Hous- 
ton, from the contagion of Galveston's ex- 
ample; but the commission system is per se 
open to grave objections. It does not pro- 
vide for the centralization of responsibility 
or power. The bill presented by our com- 
mittee of the two hundred made the mayor 
a mere figurehead, without the veto power, 
and vested in the commission as a whole 
the power to appoint and discharge the em- 
ployes of all the five departments — an ar- 
rangement making the heads of those de- 
partments the puppets of the commission 
as a whole, or of any three commissioners' 
who might combine to run the city govern- 
ment. The commission was given the power 
to provide from time to time for the dis- 
tribution of powers and authority among 
the several departments and to assign par- 
ticular employes to one or more departments, 
thus having the power to cripple and hu- 
miliate any commissioner who happened to 
be in the minority. A plan better adapted to 
the building up of an irresistible machine 
could hardly be conceived. The whole plan 
runs directly counter to all the teachings of 
modern municipal experience, which call 
loudly for concentration of responsibility. 
In this country, more than in any other, 
the best results are secured by increasing 
the executive elective. It is from our pres- 
idents, governors and mayors, rather than 
our congresses, legislatures, councils and 
commissions, that we get the best service. 
The American people can select better exe- 
cutives than legislators. On that line is 
our political salvation. 

"The whole trend of public sentiment in 
Des Moines is toward a large increase in 
the powers of the mayor, the election of 
all the alderman, including one from each 
ward, by the voters of the city at large, and 
the limitation of the council to purely leg- 
islative functions. This plan promises much 



better results than the commissioner sys- 
tem, which would probably work well un- 
der the first commission elected and then 
sink rapidly to or below the present level." 

Prof. Herriott of Drake University, in 
his address before the Prairie Club Jan. 
12th, said in part: 

"City government, although it is not, as 
is to be generally assumed, easy to con- 
duct as a bank, must be managed upon busi- 
ness principles. By business principles we 
mean methods of procedure whereby men 
obtain the maximum of benefits, income or 
profits with the minimum of expense. The 
result can only be secured by efficiency 
in administration. 

"In these days efficiency is dependent up- 
on division of labor and central, uniform 
control and management. Instead of hav- 
ing one man and all men doing or trying 
to do everything and anything, we separate 
and specialize. A man confines himself to 
particular tasks and does this or that kind 
of work and nothing else. Such sub-divi- 
sion of work develops and requires experts 
or specialists. To become an expert takes 
a long apprenticeship or systematic educa- 
tion and study. One who becomes trained 
thus, who becomes an expert or specialist, 
is the exceptional man in a community or 
state. There are but few, if any, besides 
him who possess such skill or technical 
knowledge. He does not care much for 
popular opinion, because he knows that the 
average man does not know what he 
knows and cannot know unless he under- 
goes a similar appreticeship or education. 
The expert civil engineer that bridges the 
canyons of the Colorado or tunnels the 
mountains despises public opinion as worth- 
less. The public says the thing cannot be 
done; the engineer does it nevertheless- 

"Caring nothing for, if not despising pub- 
lic opinion, cities cannot secure such ex- 
pert ability in administration by popular 
election. No specialist will coddle the pub- 
lic to secure his election; he will not stulti- 
fy himself, either, by reserving his real 
opinion on scientific or technical matters; 
and he will not ask its suffrages and un- 
dergo the horrible mud-slinging of poltiical 
campaigns. He will serve the public, but 
only on certain conditions. 

"If we would secure the expert in city ad- 
ministration, we must obtain his services by 
selection or appointment and insuring him 
certainty or permanency of authority, re- 
sponsibility and support. We cannot secure 
him or his services in any other way — be- 
cause city governments are subject to the 
same conditions that control in private or 
corporate business enterprises; and only 
in this way do successful business houses 
obtain specialists and benefit from their 
services. 

"The Galveston plan proposes and its ad- 
vocates maintain at least four city officers 
to take charge of the technical departments 
of city administration, viz.: commissioners 
of 'Streets and Public Property,' of 'Police 
and Fire,' of 'Finance,' of 'Water Works and 
Sewage.' In each case success in the con- 



34 



THE MIDWESTERN 



duct of such departments requires expert 
ability, either long familiarity with and 
training in such lines, or technical knowl- 
edge and special skill. Universal experi- 
ence shows that we cannot get such ser- 
vants by resort to the polls, with the fright- 
ful hair-pulling and dirt-throwing of city 
campaigns. For a brief spell, perhaps, we 
might succeed in getting men of high aver- 
age ability, because in the first flush of the 
revival of civic virtue incident to such a 
radical change we should compel, by draft 
as it were, prominent and successful men 
to take the offices. But such a condition 
would not last. Public fervor would soon 
decline, and then poor men, then bad men, 
would get control, as sure as two and two 
make four. 

"The Galveston plan cuts at the very 
roots of official account, ability and re- 
sponsibility; and, strangely enough, it is 
because the advocates believe that the re- 
form enhances or secures responsible con- 
trol that they urge it. 

"Under its method we first attempt to se- 
cure by election experts, which we seldom 
or never can do. Thereupon these so-called 
experts, by agreement or disagreement, by 
lot or by ballot, assign each man to that 
particular department to which they believe 
he is best fitted. It will be a marvel if 
bickering, envy and spite do not develop 
vigorously in determining such assignments. 
However, this may be, it is clear that such 
a method of election or assignment will de- 
prive a city of the services of experts in 
our technical departments. 

"Another most serious defect is the fact 
that the commission must, if it fulfills its 
purposes, constantly upset accountability. 
The commissioners are expected not only 
to legislate or pass ordinances, but at the 
same time to 'manage' or conduct the busi- 
ness of the city. Now, they cannot do this 
without constantly and seriously intruding 
into the several departments. If this is 
done, accountability or responsibility can- 
not be enforced on the part of the man in 
charge of the department interfered with. 

"Accountability means that a man charged 
with a task or piece of work is looked to as 
individually responsible for its performance. 
He alone and no one else is held therefor. 
He cannot divide or split his responsibility, 
nor can he lend or hand it around. It is spe- 
cific, direct and personal. Furthermore, if 
the expert is to be held accountable he 
must be given funds and power or authority 
to take full charge and fulfill without let 
or hindrance the specific duty required. If 
some one has power to intervene, and does 
so interpose, he can neither be held ac- 
countable nor responsible. 

"The Galveston commissioners can thus 
Interfere at any time and in any way with 
the work of the several departments. If they 
do not, then they do not exercise their 
double function of legislation and execution. 
Each man gets complete control of his de- 
partment and they severally leave each 
other alone. Again, they may by collusion 
agree to let each man run his own de- 



partment ag he p i easeSj for reasons f ar 
from righteous. With so much power it 
will not be strange if unholy alliances de- 
velop. 

"The passage of the budget bills and reg- 
ulative ordinances will produce 'war' if noth- 
ing else does. Each man will seek and de- 
mand more funds and more authority or 
power. But funds and authority will be lim- 
ited. All cannot get what each insists upon. 
Who will recede? Who must give way? De- 
bate will generate heat; heat produces fire; 
and fire burns and scorches; and concord 
that we are assured will necessarily prevail 
under the new plan will go glimmering and 
the taxpayers will find themselves helpless 
in the clutches of men who both pass the 
ordinances and budget bills and also attend 
personally to their execution and adminis- 
tration. 

"We doubt if a more dangerous measure 
was ever urged upon the public than the 
Galveston plan, whereby the traditions of 
our law and people are thus upset." 

Rear-Admiral F. B. Chadwick, member of 
the representatives council of Newport, R. I., 
and who has made a number of public ad- 
dresses upon local self-government and up- 
on the merits of the Newport charter, in 
part said: 

"The government of a great city is a mat- 
ter which calls for deepest thought and the 
highest endeavor of man. In this great busi- 
ness we have failed in many instances, and 
failed disgracefully. Why have we failed 
whereEurope has in so much greater de- 
gree succeeded? The main cause has been 
in placing city administration — business of 
the greatest technicality and difficulty— in 
the hands of short-termed and accidental 
men. Associated with this unwisdom has 
been the equally unwise course adopted by 
joining the appropriating and spending 
powers. Our city councils as a rule com- 
bine them, thus traversing a principle 
which it took centuries of struggle to es- 
tablish, and which today rules in every 
civilized government. It would seem that 
nothing is more fully established as a great 
fundamental principle than that the same 
men cannot with safety be allowed to lay 
the taxes, make the appropriations and 
spend the money." 

At the time the plan was adopted the city 
had property ammounting to $1,894,940 as 
shown by the government report, with a net 
debt of only $583,000. She stood in the un- 
paralleled position of being able to discon- 
tinue business, dispose of her assets as 
above stated, pay her debts, declare a divi- 
dend of $80.00 to the head of each family 
consisting of five persons, and have left 
assets consisting of 92 miles of paving, 133 
miles of sewers and 218 miles of curbing. 

There are very few cities blessed with 
as many churches, schools and charitable 
institutions, which are exempt from taxa- 
tion. These institutions probably pay a 
greater dividend to the city than any of her 
other possessions, by giving her a morally 
healthy and intelligent body of citizens, the 
direct test of which is the fact that Des 



THE DES MOINES PLAN 



35 



Moines has a less percentage of crime, il- 
literacy and pauperism than any city of 
her size and area in the United States. 

Few people stop to take into considera-. 
tion the phenomenal showing the city of 
Des Moines is able to make: Area, 35.000 
acres; two people to the acre; 500 miles of 
streets, 100 of which are well improved and 
300 of which are well graded and drained. 
The city today has bridges sufficient to ac- 
commodate a population of 500,000, a well- 
equipped fire department that would accom- 
modate a like population if the city were 
more compactly built. For one to really 
appreciate the advantages and beauty of 
Des Moines, he must visit the residence por- 
tions of the city. It is readily conceded by 
those in a position to know that the resi- 
dence portions of the city of Des Moines 
have better pavements, sidewalks, sewers, 
water, gas, and all of the conveniences that 
go to make the home beautiful and com- 
fortable and the inhabitants satisfied with 
life, than any other city in the middle west. 

Last, but not least, Des Moines is intense- 
ly political. Her people are all ready to 
take their turn and add their mite to make 
the campaigns, which occur at frequent in- 
tervals, intensely interesting. It is under- 
stood that politics in the city of Des Moines 
has been reduced to an exact science, and 
that the school board at this time is con- 
templating adding a course of that kind in 
the schools, under the head of patriotism — 
a departure from the old course which will 
undoubtedly meet with unanimous approval. 
Des Moines in the past has shown that she 
can be on all sides of all questions political 
at all times, accept the results, favorable 
or unfavorable, and regain her equilibrium, 
without changing countenance or losing a 
single step in her steady march of prog- 
ress. v 

Sec. 14 of the Des Moines Plan provides 
for a so-called civil service. It is, however, 
civil service in name only, as the council 
is given the power to prescribe the rules 
and regulations under which the board of 
civil service commissioners shall conduct 
its examinations. The council is also given*^ 
the power to remove from office for mis- 
conduct any person or official subject to the 
civil service examination, and is made the 
absolute judge of whether the employe is 
guilty of mis-conduct, because the right of 
the employe to a hearing is upon appeal, 
not to the commissioners, but to the coun- 
cil. In other words, the discharging body 
is made the court of appeal. This section 
also makes the chief of the fire department 
appointive by the council. It does away 
with what has been demonstrated to be a 
first-class civil service, so far as the police 
and fire-departments are concerned, and sub- 
stitutes therefor no civil service at all. 

Under the old law the civil service com- 
mission was composed of three men, to be 
appointed by the mayor; first appointment, 
one for two years, one for four years and 
one for six years; after that each to be ap- 
pointed for six years. They served with- 
out compensation and had full and complete 



power over the police and Are departments. 
They formed their own rules, and all dis- 
charged members of either department had 
the right of appeal to the civil service com- 
mission. The mayor, being able to appoint 
one member only of the commission during 
his two-year tenure of office, was unable to 
pay off his unholy political obligations by 
appointment on either of these departments, 
thereby effectively removing both depart- 
ments from politics. 

Only a few days ago C. B. Campbell, 
chairman of the civil service commission 
under the Des Moines Plan, was quoted in 
one of the daily papers as saying that the 
commission had only such power as that 
delegated to it by the council, and in case 
bad men were elected, it might become very 
'dangerous and be reduced to an absolute 
nonentity. 

\A careful perusal of Sec. 14 will demon- 
strate to any one that the civil service fea- 
ture of the Des Moines Plan is a farce, and 
must have been drafted by a finished poli- 
tician. The foundation for a gigantic politi 
cal machine is furnished by such features 
of the bill as the appointment of a treas- 
urer and his deputies engineer and his 
assistants, auditor and his deputies, city 
solicitor and his deputies, city assessor and 
his deputies, police judge and his clwk, 
and the several hundred employes of the 
public works department. Think of the city 
assessor, a man whose duty it is to place 
the valuation upon the property in the city 
for taxing purposes, being appointed by the 
city council! It advances an opportunity 
for favoritism with large taxpayers. 

A few weeks ago the police matron, un- 
der civil service, was discharged toy the 
superintendent of public safety. The po- 
sition had been held by her for thirteen 
years; in fact, she had grown old in the 
service. Her standing in the community 
was attested by the fact that at least 125 
of the prominent club women of the city 
appeared before the city council upon her 
appeal. So indignant were they over the 
matter that they openly and loudly pro- 
tested against what they claimed was an 
awful injustice. My opponent, Mr. Mac- 
Vicar, and the superintendent of public ac- 
counts, voted for her retention; but the su- 
perintendent of public safety, who had dis- 
charged her, insisted upon the discharge 
being made permanent. Under this won- 
derful new commission plan law appeals 
must be made to the council, and if the 
charges of Mr. MacVicar are true, that a 
combination existed in the council, of which 
the superintendent of public safety was the 
controlling spirit, the latter won his point 
through that combination. The lady appeal- 
ed to the district court and was sustained, 
the court stating that the charges were en- 
tirely too flimsy for serious consideration- 

A few days ago the superintendent of 
public safety was criticized by the press 
for selling some old junk that had accumu- 
lated around the police department and not 
turning the proceeds into the treasurer im- 
mediately upon the receipt thereof. The 



36 



THE MIDWESTERN 



matter was referred to the city solicitor for 
an opinion, who said that there was some 
question as to the ownership of the junk, 
or words to that effect, but advised the su- 
perintendent of public safety to turn the 
money in immediately. A prominent at- 
torney, commenting upon the occurrence, 
said that no more ridiculous thing could 
have occurred than for a superior officer to 
call upon a subordinate, whom he helped 
to appoint, for an opinion of vindication. 

There has been constant wrangling be- 
tween the superintendent of public safety 
and the police judge, with threats of remov- 
ing the judge. The department of public 
safety naturally becomes the prosecuting 
witness, as the police department makes 
all arrests and is naturally very desirous 
of conviction. Think, then, what a traves- 
ty on common sense for the superintendent 
of this department to have in his charge 
the police judge, thereby making the court 
subordinate to the prosecuting witness! 

If three political tricksters should be 
elected as councilmen and control all of the 
appointments above enumerated, they would 
undoubtedly make the horde of poor bums 
and drunks who are constantly at the mercy 
of the police court pay political tribute and 
become part and parcel of the machine in 
power. The patronage of a municipality has 
caused more trouble and made it more diffi- 
cult to elect good men to office than almost 
all the other elements combined. In the past 
more thought has been given to this sub- 
ject, in an endeavor to eliminate this fea- 
ture from politics by state legislation, than 
along any other single line touching upon. 
Municipal affairs. Comes now the Des 
Moines or commission pain and annuls all 
of the beneficial legislation along these 
lines! 

So much for the history of the plan and 
its adoption. And now how has its practical 
operation compared with the statements of 
those eminent gentlemen made prior to its 
adoption? 

The year 1907 was the worst in the his- 
tory of Des Moines for the carrying on in 
a creditable manner of public improvements 
and the general administration of city af- 
fairs. The legislature in the early winter 
passed the Des Moines Plan bill. Petitions 
were immediately circulated calling for an 
election on the adoption of the law, which 
carried. The large salaries provided in 
the bill for the members of the council, 
viz.: $3,500 for the mayor and $3,000 for 
the four councilmen, brought out about 
forty candidates, although the promoters 
had claimed that the large salaries would 
eliminate undesirable candidates, forgetting 
in their zeal that a bad man likes a good 
salary as well as a good one, and that he 
will resort to more questionable means to 
obtain it. Therefore the city was a cauld- 
ron of political discontent. 

The business men were organized into a 
club which had a membership of four hun- 
dred, with a firm determination to elect a 
full set of officials from their number. 
Bight of the old city officials being candi- 



dates, conditions could not have been 
worse for effective work. Nothing which 
the city government did, received the ap- 
proval of the newspapers, but every act 
received adverse criticism. 

Beginning with the administration of the 
commissioners, April 1st, after the boasting 
committee under the leadership of a profes- 
sional booster at a high salary, had incul- 
cated into the minds of the people and 
press that a new leaf must be turned over 
if the city of Des Moines was to prosper, 
that disparaging statements must cease, the 
city officials be upheld and the Des Moines 
Plan made a success, the condition was en- 
tirely different. Everywhere was peace and 
harmony, and the edict went forth from the 
managers of the newspapers that no act 
of the city government was to be criticized- 
The superintendent of streets and public 
improvements, Mr. John MacVicar, a man 
of wide experience, who had served four 
years prior to this time as mayor, and was 
then secretary of the League of American 
Municipalities and editor of the League 
Bulletin, being one of the best posted men 
in the United States upon municipal affairs, 
with a reputation for sterling honesty and 
ability and enjoying the confidence of the 
entire city, was in a position to obtain the 
very best results possible. The following 
statement shows the result of these two 
years in the matter of public improvements 
as regards amount done and the cost: 

STATEMENT OP SPECIAL IMPROVE- 
MENTS FOR 1907-1908. 



y 



BRICK PAVEMENT 



Year Square Yards Incidentals Total Cost 

1907 26,348 $1,290.05 $ 55,697 36 

1908 53,529 2,977.04 109,828.13 

1907 Av. cost per sq. yd., including 

incidentals $2.11 

1907 Av. cost per sq. yd., for inci- 
dentals .04 

1908 Av. cost per sq. yd., including 
incidentals 2.05 

1908 Av. cost per sq. yd., for inci- 
dentals ,055 

\i ASPHALT PAVEMENT 

Year Square Yards Incidentals Total Cost 

1907 28,753 $1,414.37 $ 57,781.38 

1908 44,302 1,244.21 91,991.53 

1907 Av. cost per sq. yd., including 

incidentals $2.01 

1907 Av- cost per sq. yd., for inci- 
dentals .049 

1908 Av. cost per sq. yd., including 
incidentals 2.07 

1908 Av. cost per sq. yd., for inci- 
dentals .028 
1908 No chemist employed. 



THE DES MOINES PLAN 



37 



CREOSOTE WOOD BLOCK PAVEMENT 

Year Square Yards Incidentals Total Cost 

1907 20,021 $1,403.39 $ 52,928.02 

1908 11,166 766.53 29,871.05 

1907 Av. cost per sq. yd., including 

incidentals $2.64 

1907 Av- cost per sq. yd., for inci- 
dentals .07 

1908 Av. cost per sq. yd., including 
incidentals 2.67 

1908 Av. cost per sq. yd., for inci- 
dentals .068 

OIL ROADS— Day Labor 

Year Square Yards Incidentals Total Cost 

1908 6,763 $44.18 $ 5,430.92 

Av- cost per sq. yd., including 
incidentals .80 

Av. cost per sq. yd., for inci- 
dentals .006 

In 1907 the appropriation for street clean- 
ing was $25,000; average number of men 
employed, 30. 

In 19,08 the appropriation for street clean- 
ing was SllJOOO; average number ^of men 
employed, 42. 

In 1907 the amount appropriated for build- 
ing new fire stations was $46,000. 

SEWERS 

Year Lineal Feet Incidentals Total Cost 

1907 62.302 $8,228.62 $105,327.97 

1908 43,554 4,354.96 91,157.98 

1907 Av. cost per lin. ft., including 

incidentals $1.69 

1907 Av. cost per lin. ft-, ror inci- 
dentals .132 

1908 Av. cost per lin. ft., including 
incidentals 2.09 

1908 Av. cost per lin. ft., for inci- 
dentals .099 

CURBING 

Year Lineal Feet Incidentals Total Cost 

1907 20,037 $1,822.40 $ 8,597.19 

1908 15,835 1,077.96 6,125.38 

1907 Av. cost per lin. ft., including 

incidentals .429 

1907 Av. cost per lin. ft-, for inci- 
dentals .09 

1908 Av. cost per lin. ft., including 
incidentals .399 

1908 Av. cost per lin. ft., for inci- 
dentals .07 

COMBINED CURB AND GUTTER 

Year Lineal Feet Incidentals Total Cost 

1907 33,141 $1,778.02 $ 19,317-24 

1908 3,003 278.03 1,903.69 

1907 Av. cost per lin. ft., including 

incidentals .58 



1907 Av. cost per lin. ft-, for inci- 
dentals .05 

1908 Av. cost per lin. ft., including 
incidentals .63 

1908 Av. cost per lin. ft., for inci- 
dentals .09 

BRICK AND CEMENT WALKS 

Year Square Feet Incidentals Total Cost 

1907 Brick 49,127 $233.90 $4,110.01 

1907 Cement 13,477 61,84 1,532.20 

1908 Brick 63,857 508.15 5,940.62 
1908 Cement 13,057 109.41 1,612.95 

1907 1908 

Brick — Cost per sq. ft., including 

incidentals .083 .089 

Brick — Cost per sq. ft., for inciden- 
tals 004 .008 

Cement— Cost per sq. ft., including 

incidentals .101 .115 

Cement — Cost per sq. ft., for inci- 
dentals .004 .008 

The volume of business for each year was 
almost identical, and the results were fully 
as good in 1907 under the old form of gov- 
ernment as in 1908 under the Des Moines 
Plan. When one takes into consideration 
the disheartening conditions under which 
the business was conducted in 1907, the re- 
sults were phenomenal; first, the fight on 
the adoption of the plan; second, the groom- 
ing of candidates for office; third, the ac- 
tive campaign for nomination; fourth, the 
fight for election. There was not a day 
during the entire year of 1907 but what the 
atmosphere was surcharged with the muck 
from political mud-slinging. Moreover, the 
official pay-roll of 1908 as compared with 
that of 1907, as they appear in the ap- 
propriation ordinance of the two years, 
shows that of 1908 to be some $9,000 the 
greater. This is exclusive of the police 
and fire departments. If the theory of the 
Des Moines Plan is correct, the increased 
pay-roll should produce greater efficiency,) 
but the above comparison shows that such/ 
is not the case. /The Des Moines Plai/ 
cannot be called a> success unless the re- 
sults attained under it, are better than those 
under the old plan. j 

Therefore we are brought back to the 
proposition that there can be good govern 
ment under a bad system, or bad goveren- 
ment under a good system. The results 
will depend entirely upon the men, as good 
men will produce good results under the 
worst system, and bad men will produce 
bad results under the best system. The 
question then resolves itself into this: 
What system will be most likely to make 
it possible to elect good men? The results 
above shown must be conclusive evidence 
to the mind of any fair-minded person that 
the commission plan of government is not 
calculated to bring about these results. On 
the other hand, it furnishes all of the 
opportunity desired by the ward politician 
to obtain office and remain in office, and 



38 



THE MIDWESTERN 



build up a gigantic and irresistible political 
machine, which the united efforts of the 
best element in a city would be unable 
to overcome. The results in the city of 
Des Moines during the first year under 
the Des Moines Plan give ample proof of 
the truthfulness of this statement, when 
the entire press of the city, the united 
efforts of the two commercial clubs and 
the Greater Des Moines Committee, have 
been unable to keep down bickering, strife 
and political machinations. 

In closing I cannot refrain from quoting 
an editorial from the Des Moines News of 
its issue of Feb- 24, 1907, for it so truly 
expresses the need of the day: 

"The world is looking for men. Men 
are the world's greatest need. And this 
is the roundabout way in which the world 
tries to find men: 

It insists upon certain institutions. But 
do these institutions make men? 



It is always dwelling on the need of edu- 
cation. But what is education if its prod- 
uct be not manhood? 

It is asking for new laws. Yet what are 
laws if they do not produce good citizen- 
ship? 

It insists that the measure of success is 
dollars. But what is the making of a liv- 
ing as compared with the making of a 
( life? 

Slowly — very slowly — the world is begin- 
ning to turn from things to individuals. 
Slowly — very slowly — it is beginning to put 
the man above the dollar. It is' beginning 
to And what are its true treasurers. 

Why not make men first? 

Because if you make men. governments 
and institutions and education and laws 
will easily fall into their proper places." 



ANNUAL REPORT OF THE SECRETARY 
OF THE COMMERCIAL CLUB 



The annual report of Geis Botsford, 
secretary of the Commercial Club, 
shows that in the last year the club 
has distributed on request 7,200 copies 
of the Des Moines Plan of Government. 
All of these copies went to outside part- 
ies, which indicates the popularity of 
the Des Moines Plan of Government. 

Mr. Botsford took up in detail the 
work of the club during the past year. 
He pointed out the accomplishments 
toward providing better passenger train 
service for Des Moines in order to im- 
prove shopping conditions; the perfec- 
tion of the street lighting system, the 
value of the conventions and the num- 
ber held in Des Moines, the securing 
of new industries and the work of the 
various committees. 

Tn speaking of the splendid street 
lighting in Des Moines, which is the 
wonder to all visitors to the city, Mr. 
Botsford, said : 



"One of the striking accomplish- 
ments of the club in the past year has 
been the installation of the system of 
electroliers now in use in the business 
district for street lighting. The work 
was taken up in the directory board 
a year ago and resulted in the ap- 
pointment of a committee of which Mr. 
Mack Olsen was made chairman, 
Messrs. Nate Frankel, Ed. Wilkins, 
Frank Parritt, Morris Mandelbaum, 
Chas. Hewitt and others members. This 
committee adopted the designs, secured 
the enactment of an ordinance to pro- 
tect the system and preserve a uniform 
character hi street lighting, and then 
went to work. The task was slow at 
first, but when the poles commenced to 
be installed the work became easier, 
the lights themselves creating an effect 
that aided the committee and its sub- 
committees materially. At this time 
215 lights have been installed and 




GEIS BOTSFORD 

The Efficient and Popular Secretary of The Commercial Club 
of Des Moines, Iowa 



40 



THE MIDWESTERN 



forty-four additional have been con- 
tracted for. Of those to be installed 
twenty have been ordered by Polk 
County and will be placed around the 
new court house. 

"It is the purpose of the committee 
in another year to relieve the property 
owners and tenant, in a measure, by 
trying to induce the city council to 
do away with the old system of arc 
lights in blocks where the electroliers 
are in and to assume the cost of cur- 
rent for lighting. It has been suggest- 
ed that the wiring be arranged for 
two circuits, one for the inside lights 
on each block and one for four corner 
lights at each street intersection ; that 
all the lights be run until midnight 
and that the four clusters at street 
intersections be operated all night. If 
this arrangement can be carried out 
the committee is satisfied the entire 
business district will be covered by the 
system in another year. 

For 1910 it is the purpose of the Com- 
mercial Club to continue its train serv- 
ice work, to promote the trade exten- 
sion excursions, to continue aggressive- 
ly the work of the civic improvement 
committee, to undertake to greatly in- 
crease the convention fund and the 
number of conventions for Des Moines, 
to promote an exposition of Des Moines 
products to be held in the Coliseum, 
to go more extensively into the dis- 
semination of information about Des 



Moines, to try and hold a general meet- 
ing of the club under the auspices of 
one of the several committees once each 
month and to have present a speaker 
of note, fully informed upon the par- 
ticular branch of work in charge of 
the committee conducting the meeting, 
to secure more general co-operation in 
the work of the club on the part of 
committees and members, to push the 
electrolier system of street lighting, to 
make the military tournament an 
event second only to the state fair in 
point of attendance, to increase the 
club's membership, to secure for Des 
Moines a complete and fair enumera- 
tion under the federal census, to en- 
courage each and every member to 
submit suggestions to the officers, di- 
rectors and committees of work that 
might be undertaken, to urge upon the 
railroads the possibilities of Iowa by 
bringing to their attention facts rela- 
tive to the states agricultural, mineral, 
manufacturing, resources and the ca- 
pacity of its population to consume 
and to try and influence them to in- 
vest some small portion of their pub- 
licity funds in an exploitation of the 
great traffic producing state of Iowa, 
to more fully than heretofore recognize 
the fact that the future of Des Moines 
depends upon the future of Iowa and 
to co-operate with the several com- 
munities of the state in all laudable 
undertakings for the general good of 
the state. 



WOULDN'T TAKE A CHANCE 



A certain well known bishop recent- 
ly called in a physician who, after 
making a careful examination of the 
patient, ordered him to spend the win- 
ter in Algiers. The bishop demurred 
on the ground that he had too many 
engagements to get away from with- 
out inconvenience. 



"Well," said the noted specialist, "it 
means either Algiers or Heaven, bish- 
op." 

"Oh, well, in that case," replied the 
bishop, "I'll go to Algiers by all 
means." 



THE INSURGENT MOVEMENT 



Malcolm MacKinnon 



ONE reads and hears much of 
the insurgents in the Republic- 
an membership of Congress 
and of insurgency in the ranks 
of the dominant party, East 
and West, but one does not often en- 
counter any effort to define just what 
the new movement is, in its relation 
to the existing state of 'national affairs. 
It is asserted from time to time that 
Republican Insurgency is only a re- 
vival of the Populism of the last de- 
cade of the Nineteenth century, and 
it is also declared in some quarters, 
with the emphasis of anger, that it is 
not in any true sense a movement at 
all, but a species of joint action in 
their common interest of a set of dem- 
ogogues and self-seeking politicians, 
who, unable for one reason or another 
to gain a prominent seat in the party 
band-wagon, have set about to con- 
struct a new vehicle of the sort, ex- 
pecting, through united action, to dis- 
place the old one on the political high- 
way. Such characterizations do not 
appeal so strongly for serious consider- 
ation, however, as they would if they 
were not made in ill-temper. We are 
prone to dislike what we do not under- 
stand. 

Republican insurgency differs from 
the Populism of the past at least in 
this important respect : the former is 
the product of leadership, while the 
1 alter arose from the masses of the peo- 
ple in the agricultural sections of the 
West and South. Accordingly, the for- 
mer is intelligent and constructive, 
while the latter was ignorant and de- 
structive. Insurgency in the Republic- 
an party had its rise and development 
during a period of general material 
prosperity, while Populism was the re- 
sult of business depression of such mag- 
nitude and duration as to drive the 



Western farmers almost to despair. It 
was the old, old story of the debtor 
class trying to rid itself of a crushing 
burden. When Populism failed in its 
efforts to control the government, its 
supporters rushed eagerly to the stand- 
ard of the Free Silver panacea. Later 
the return of prosperity put an end to 
the entire agitation and the rapid de- 
velopment of the West during the next 
few years made conservatives out of 
most of the aforetime' radicals, by 
means of a changed point of view in 
respect to financial self-interest. With 
few leaders of ability, Populism swept 
a part of the country like wild-fire. 
Possessed of leaders of unusual reputa- 
tion and capacity, insurgency in the 
Republican party has gained strength 
slowly, and many of its struggles ap- 
peared to be its last. Moreover, in fur- 
ther contra-distinction from Populism, 
this Insurgency gained its chief sup- 
port among the classes favored of fort- 
une, recruiting its following largely 
from the prosperous agriculturists and 
the professional and mercantile middle 
class of the cities and towns, not in 
one section of the country but in all. 
The truth seems to be that the In- 
surgent movement of which Ave are 
speaking is not agrarian or even eco- 
nomic in its chief aspects, but is moral, 
or, to describe it still more accurately, 
intellectual. In fact, this is the first 
political movement in the history of 
the United States, to be, in largest part 
intellectual in its basis, and therefore 
it differs radically not only from Pop- 
ulism but from every other agitation, 
successful or unsuccessful, in the an- 
nals of the country. This conclusion 
cannot be arrived at, of course, by a 
consideration of the camp-followers 
the Insurgency has attracted to itself 
in increasing numbers as it has grown 



42 



THE MIDWESTERN 



in prospects as a political power. Shal- 
low persons of every sort have attached 
themselves to its organization in the 
hope of individual benefit of one sort 
or another and often these are loudest 
in proclamation of its tenets. Various 
elements have united themselves with 
it to such an extent as to confuse the 
unanalytical as to what its real nature 
is. 

At bottom, the new and aggressive 
faction in the Republican party is but 
a phenomenon of the new education of 
the last quarter century. The so-called 
Democratic party, wedded to a super- 
stition promulgated by the French doc- 
trinaires, has had no division along 
similar lines, though it has been grow- 
ing weaker and weaker through its 
inability to measure facts at their true 
value. This, too, is a result of the in- 
tellectual movement of the times. 

It has long been customary to ridi- 
cule the scholar in politics, and this, 
too, in the face of the record-that, from 
the time of Cicero until now, it has 
been the scholar, in the- guise of monk, 
barrister, or professor, who has had the 
largest influence on the history of his 
times and that of his successors. Just 
so, during recent decades, it has not 
been the platform maker, or the shirt- 
sleeves politician, nor even the captain 
of industry, who has been chiefly shap- 
ing the course of American politics, 
frat the comparatively unnoticed stu- 
dents, who, under the conditions cre- 
ated by the multiplied centers of high- 
er education in every part of the coun- 
try have been teaching the youth to in- 
quire with regard to his native land 
what the harvest is to be, including in 
receptive and retentive minds that sin 
brings death to the action as to the 
individual correcting the old-time ig- 



norant conceit that America is in a 
class by itself, showing that the his- 
tory of other nations is the best com- 
mentary upon that of our own, and 
that, strange as it may seem, vast- 
ly the most illuminating studies of 
American institutions and tendencies, 
have been the product of the thought 
and pens of foreigners. 

Mark Hopkins at the end of a log 
and a pupil at the other was a univer- 
sity in itself and there have been hun- 
dreds of Mark Hopkinses in our recent 
history and tens of thousands of pup- 
ils. Williams colleeg has exerted its in- 
fluence upon contemporary history 
chiefly through the medium of the state 
universities and other seats of learning 
in the West and so it is with nearly 
every other older institution. The pro- 
cess thus begun becomes constantly 
more extensive in its operations and re- 
sults. A change of mental attitude 
toward public affairs has been the re- 
sult. A disposition to disregard the 
shibboleths and other restrictions of 
the past has become plainly manifest. 
The desire to examine every problem 
in the broadest way and with the help 
of all available light of information is 
already prevalent. In short, the sci- 
entific method of considering matters 
of public movement is rapidly becom- 
ing a fixed mental habit with the edu- 
cated, and is spreading from them, by 
means of the new literature of politi- 
cal criticism, to the great body of the 
voters. 

The insistence of the Republican In- 
surgents that the tariff shall be revised 
in accordance with ascertained facts 
regarding the fairness of each schedule 
and not through a series of conces- 
sions. 



A SOLEMN SMELL 



Last Christmas, in a certain little 
inland town, the Episcopal church was 
most beautifully and artistically dec- 
orated. It was so well done, in fact, 
that many people of other denomina- 
tions came to see it. One of these 
good visiting "sisters" as she gazed 
on its beauties and inhaled the per- 



fume of the spruce and pine and bal- 
sam feeling remarked: 

"How solemn is smells!" 

The minister promptly observed 
that he had heard of the "odor of 
sanctity" but never knew before just 
how it smelled. 




MRS. LUCY B. KERR, of Pasadena, Cal. 
Mrs. Kerr is a sister of Milo Ward and a frequent visitor in Des Moines 



LIVE THOU IN NATURE 



1 



Live thou in nature! Live 
With the stars and the winds; 

Take all the wild world can give, 
All thy free spirit finds, — 



IV 

Let budding spring be thine. 

And autumn brown and debonair, — 

Kays that darken and nights that 
shine, — 
Let all the round year be tliv fare. 



II 



Finds while the seasons poor 
Their braveries at thy feet ; 

When the Ice-rimmed rivers roar, 
Or rammer waves their rote repeat. 

Ill 

Let thy hushed heart take its till 
Of the manifold voice of the trees, 

When leafless winter crowns the hill 
And shallow waters freeze. 



Let not one full hour pass 

Fruitless for thee, in all its varied 
length; 

Take sweetness from the grass. 

Take from the storm its strength. 



VI 






Take beauty from the dawn, 

Patience from the sure seed's delay; 
Take gentleness from the light with 
drawn. 
And every virtue from the whole 
some day. 



IOWA IN THE CIVIL WAR 



L. F. Andrews 
IX. 




MAJOR-GEN. CYRUS BUSSEY 

A READER of the History of the 
Civil \V;ir will be impressed 
whli the repetition of brilliant 
achievement of Iowa soldiers. 
from the lirsi battle at Wil- 
son' Creek, in August, 1861, to the hist 
engagement with the Confederate 
Army, ;it Spanish Fort, in March, 1865, 
in the reduction and capture of Mo- 
bile. 

Iowa had no soldiers in the Army 
of the Potomac, be* tela" was in the 
West with the Army of Tennessee, in 
all the important campaignes, and bat- 
this of which, the Iowa Brigade, organ- 
ised immediately after the Battle of 

Shiloh, were prominent for brilliancy 
and gallantry, When the Con federate 
Army hio' been practically put to rout 

in the West, several Iowa reuiments 
were BCnl to aid Sheridan, in his Shell 



andoah Campaign in September, ism. 
When he won the brilliant victories at 
Fisher's Hill, Cedar Creek and Ojie- 
qnan. 

Up to the middle of 1N(;:',, as great 
victories had been won by either Army. 
Old timers will remember the intense 
suspense, and discouragement which 
prevailed throughout the North, "On, 
to Richmond" had become a public 
clamor incited by the masterly inac- 
tivity, and repeated disasters of the 
Army of the Potomac. The only hope 
of loyal people was centered in Grant's 
forces in the West, the Army of the 
Tennessee. It had driven a large Army 
of Confederates into intrenchuients. 
At Vicksbnrg, closed «ill ways of es- 
cape, and on the 22d of .May, began 
a siege of the City, which was con- 
tinued until the 4th of July, when the 
joyful news was flashed over the world 
that Pemberton'e great Confederate 
Army had surrendered and Vicksbnrg 
captured. It was the heaviest blow 
given the Rebellion, unequalled in bril- 
liancy of conception, and success in ex- 
ecution. In that Vicksbnrg campaign 
thirty Iowa regiments and batteries 
took prominent parts. 

Before the close of .Inly, 1883, the 
Army of the Tennessee had opened the 
Mississippi to New Orleans, driven the 
Rebels out of Missouri, and Kentucky. 
A large portion of Tennessee, Arkan- 
sas, Mississippi and Louisiana. In all 
of Grant's campaign and battles in the 

West, Iowa soldiers were within him. 
and bore conspicuous parts. At Shiloh 
the Iowa Brigade saved his Army from 
capture; at Cornilh. when, on the 
morning of the second day's fighting, 
the Federal lines had been forced back 
on every side, and the enemy had mass- 
ed its forces for assault to enter the 
town on the south side, it was met 

by the Iowa Brigade with a yell of de- 
fiance, and put to rout in utter confu- 



IOWA IN THE CIVIL WAR 



45 



sion; at Pleasant Hill, it saved Gen- 
eral Bank's forces from destruction, 
got him out of the trap he had fallen 
into, and guarded his eighty-mile re- 
treat to a point of safety; at Allatoona 
Pass it saved Rome, with its millions 
of army supplies from capture by 
Hood's whole army ; it routed Forrest's 
whole army at Tapelo; it went with 
Grant to Chattanooga, and were in at 
rlie brilliant victories at Lookout 
Mountain and Missionary Ridge; it 
was with Sherman's forces in the 
march from Savannah to Raleigh, and 
to the Iowa Brigade of the 15th Army 
Corps belongs the credit of the cap- 
ture of Columbia, February 16, 1865; 
at Bentonsville, March 21, it was in 
the thickest of the fight the last battle 
of the Rebellion. 

A typical representative of Iowa, in 
the above mentioned brilliant achieve 
ments of her soldiers, is Major-General 
Cyrus Bussey of the cavalry division 
of the service, and the only one of two 
living Generals, Iowa had in the great 
conflict. 

He was born, October 5, 183:?, in 
Trumbell County, Ohio. When four 
years old, his father, a Methodist min- 
ister removed to Indiana. When four- 
teen years old he entered a drygoods 
store as clerk and two years engaged 
in the same business on his own ac- 
count. When eighteen years old, he 
began the study of Medicine. In July, 
1855, he came to Iowa, located at 
Bloomfield, Davis County, and engaged 
in Mercantile business. In 1850, he 
was elected Senator to represent Davis 
County in the Eighth General Assem- 
bly, by the Democrats, and the follow- 
ing year he was a delegate to the Na- 
tional Democratic Convention at Bal- 
timore, which nominated Stephen A. 
Douglas for President. 

The Kansas-Nebraska free-soil move- 
ment had caused a split in the Demo- 
cratic party, and General Bussey 
aligned himself with the free-soil wing 
of it. 

At the extra session of the General 
Assembly, convened by the Governor 
to provide ways and means for (lie 
State, to aid in putting down the Re- 
bellion. He was the youngest member 
of the Senate, being only twenty-six 



years old, but he was appointed a 
member of the Committee on Military 
Affairs, and no member rendered more 
important service, or had a wider influ- 
ence, in securing the necessary enact- 
ments, to provide for a State Militia, 
and a War and Defense Fund of eight 
hundred thousand dollars. There was 
a strong pro-slavery sentiment — later, 
called "Copper head" in Davis County, 
and the two representatives in the low- 
er house voted solidly against every 
measure proposed in support of the 
Government. The General Bussey's 
Military Committee reported a bill ap- 
propriating one million, two hundred 
thousand dollars for War purposes. So 
formidable was the opposition of the 
Democrats to it, as well as other war 
measures Governor Kirkwood became 
greatly alarmed, sent for the General 
and urged him to get his Democratic 
colleagues compromise on eight hun- 
dred thousand dollars, for a War Fund. 
He spent an entire night visiting Sen- 
ators, and secured the promise of six 
Democrats to vote with him, and the 
compromise bill was passed. 

The next day after the General As- 
sembly adjourned, the Governor Aide 
de Camp oin his staffs, with the rank 
of Lieutenant-Colonel of Cavalry. 

The Iowa border counties of Davis, 
Lee and Van Buren were seriously 
menaced by the organization of forces 
in Missouri, to make raids into Iowa. 
The Governor directed Bussey to adopt 
measures to protect the border. He 
immediately martialed his forces, and 
on the Fifth of August, 1861, in an 
engagement at Athens, with a large 
force of Rebels, commanded by General 
Martin Green, the Rebels were driven 
forty miles into Missouri, and out of 
the countrv. 

The rapidity, and efficiency of his 
operation on the border so pleased 
the War Department, that making his 
report. he was handed a commission to 
raise a regiment of Cavalry, and in 
ten days recruited twelve hundred men, 
who were mustered in as the Third 
Iowa Cavalry, with himself as Colonel, 
and with his regiment assigned to Gen- 
eral Curtis' forces, two hundred and 
twenty miles distant, a distance made 
in four days, the greatest bv cavalry 
on record. General Curtis at once put 




Woods in Winter 

liiiii in command i>f a brigade, and be to join Grant's Army in the Biege of 

took a prominent pari in the bloody Vicksburg where be bad command of 

battle of Pea Ridge, In the capture all the Cavalry, in fronl of the city, 

of the formidable works of the Rebels In January, 1^(14, he was promoted to 

,-ii Arkansas Post, January 10, 1863, Brigadier-General, and assigned to the 

Colonel Bussey had command of two command of the District of Eastern 

thousand cavalry. For liis brilliancy Arkansas, where bis success in the pro- 

in |]i;ii victory he was pul in com tection of loyal citizens, and suppres 

maud of the Second Brigade, Second sion of villainy won high commenda 

Division of Cavalry of the Army of the tion from the Government al Washing 

Tennessee. Ell June he was ordered ton. Thai ended his army career. 



HELD ITS OWN CHRISTMAS WEEK 



Pes Moines has jnsi experienced a stanl si ream of rested and well led 

greal Christmas season, one of the people passed out. So accessible, so 

o T< . ; ,iesi in the history or the city. dean, so quickly served these things 

Through all the strenuous seas. I' were indeed a boon to the people who 

shopping; of hard work; of risitors wmghl their hospitabh rs during 

icon, surrounding towns, the Boston the holiday season. The Boston L h 

Lunch has been a reritable haven of wrotrainly wins new laurels and new 

refuge and refreshment. A constant friends will, each recurring holiday 

slream of tired and hungry people pass- season. And il is jus! as g all Hie 

( .,1 in al the doors all day. A con year long. 



WOMEN'S CLUBS 



A NOTABLE CLUB WOMAN 

Mrs. Lucretia Longshore Blank- 

enbrun of Philadelphia who W8JB 
elected Auditor of the General Fed- 
eration "!' W en's ('liibs is the Penn- 
sylvania representative mi the Board. 

She is classed an g the club pioneers, 

us she became .'in active member of 
the New Century Club in Philadelphia, 

in 1ST7. This club \v;is I'm- <1 by the 

women who helped in make the cen- 
tennial exhibition of 1876 ;i success. 

Since then Mrs. Blankenbnrg 1ms 
been identified with mosl of Philadel- 
phia organizations of women and for 
l(i years was presidenl of the Penn- 
sylvania Women's Suffrage Associ- 
ation. 

••In 1904 Mis. Blankenbnrg was a 
delegate from Philadelphia to the 
greal German Congress held in Berlin, 
anil made an address mi the legal COD.- 
diiiiMi of women in the United Siaies. 

Mr. Rudolph Blankenbnrg her bus 
band has been active in all the re- 
form political movements I'm' many 
years. 

Together Mr. ami Mrs. Blankenbnrg 
bave worked I'm- the things thai nplifl 
humanity, thai make I'm- cleaner pol- 
itics, and better citizenship. 

Mis. Blankenbnrg believes in Worn 
em's Clubs, and in the motto 'Unity in 
Diversity.' She has given her loyal 
snpporl in her own city clubs, her 
State Federation, and the Qeneral 
Federation, their inception. She has 
beld many club ofBces in Philadelphia 
ami Pennsj Irania, and is an bonored 
gnesl and speaker ai many of the local 
club reunions and banquets. Mrs. 
Blankenbnrg is a member of the So 
ciety nl' Friends." 

Mrs. Blankenbrug is Chairman of 
ibc 1910 Biennial Committee — meeting 
in be held next May in Cincinnati. 




MRS. RUDOLPH BLANKENBURG 
Auditor of theG. F. W. C. 

MRS. MOORE A WORKER 

Mrs. Philip x. Moore, President 
General Federation nl' Women's Clubs 
has completed her early aiiluinnal 
tour of the Northwestern Stales, clear 
through in the Pacific mast and if 
she should continue traveling at the 

same rate of progress, she would be 
able In visit all the Stales at least 
twice during the years of her admin 
istration. Presidenl Tali can do but 
Mi tic better, although Congress allows 
him $25,000 I'm- bis traveling expenses. 

Mrs. Moore lunches the hearts of her 

adherents with genuine interest and 
sympathy and has done much to pro- 
mote the cause of the (ieneral Fedora 
I inn through her womanly graces and 
executive abilities. 



48 



THE MIDWESTERN 



DISTRICT MEETINGS 

THIRD DISTRICT 

The annual meeting of the Third Dis- 
trict of the Iowa Federation of 
Women's Clubs was held in Waterloo, 
November 17th and 18th. The Ladies 
Literary Society acting as hostess. A 
musical was given at the home of Mrs. 
E. L. Johnson, Wednesday evening. 
The first session opened Thursday 
morning in the assembly room of the 
East Side Library, the district chair- 
man Mrs. Marion Hamilton of Clarion 
presiding. The invocation was given 
by the Rev. Effie Jones of Waterloo. 

Dr. Margaret Clark in a few well 
chosen words welcomed the delegates 
and visiting ladies. The response was 
given by Miss Adelaide Robb of El- 
dora. 

The report of the Twelfth District 
meeting held in Dubuque was read by 
Mrs. C. F. Burridge of Dubuque, and 
that of the Eighth District by Mrs. 
Fannie Filkins of Eagle Grove . 

Miss Harriet Lake brought before 
the convention, the suggestions of the 
Ladies Literary Club of Independence 
to inaugurate a movement to establish 
a permanent scholarship at the State 
University. After speaking of the work 
done along this line by other States 
she proposed that every club woman 
in Iowa earn one dollar to be applied 
on the fund. The following resolution 
was then presented and adopted. 

Be it resolved: That the clubs of 
the Third District of the Iowa Feder- 
ation of Women's Clubs endeavor to 
raise, by subscription, before the dis- 
trict convention of 1910, the sum of 
$1,000.00. The interest of said sum to 
be applied to a scholarship for capable 
and deserving young women, at our 
State University, under the manage- 
ment of the Board of Directors and 
the Education Committee of the Iowa 
Federation of Women's Clubs, the 
same to be called the Third District 
Scholarship. 

Resolved: That each club appoint 
a treasurer to accept contributions to 
the fund and that this treasurer re- 
port the amount on hand to the Dis- 
trict Chairman on or before the firsl 
dav of March, and the fifteenth day 
of ' September, 1010. 



Miss Mary Bliss of Iowa Falls gave 
an excellent report of the Davenport 
Biennial. A paper on, "The Federa- 
tion's Latest Activity, Conservations," 
was read by Mrs. W. B. Small of 
Waterloo. She plead with the club 
women for the protection of the birds. 
She said, "We hold the fate of the birds 
in our hands. By choosing bird 
plumage we help destroy our songsters. 
It is better to sacrifice vanity and save 
the birds for future generations." 

The seating capacity of the assembly 
room becoming inadequate it was an- 
nounced that the afternoon session 
would be held in the auditorium of the 
manual training building. 

The afternoon session was opened 
with a vocal solo by Mrs. Charles Haz 
elett of Cedar Falls. 

Reports from the federated clubs 
were given, which showed an increase 
of work along altruistic lines. 

The address of Mrs. Julian Rich- 
ards, the president of the I. F. W. C. 
was a delight to all club women. It 
contained many good and helpful sug 
gestions for active work. 

An address on "The Black Plague 
and Its Control," was given by Dr. 
Hardy Clark of Waterloo. His pre- 
sentation of the subject was such that 
every one present could not but feel 
the important of work along this line. 

The work of the Civic League was 
presented by Mrs. J. McFadden of 
Dubuque. She told of the success of 
the Dubuque League and what they 
had been able to accomplish. 

Miss Harriet Lake of Independence, 
presented the following resolution 
which was adopted. 

Believing that the interests of the 
children are of the greatest importance 
that the government has been careless 
of these interests and that they will 
be served by the establishment of a 
Children's Bureau, as a department of 
the Federal Government. 

Be it resolved : That the members 
of the Third District of the I. F. W. C, 
in convention assembled, do most ear- 
nestly petition Senator's Dolliver and 
Cummins and Congressman Pickett, 
to further the passasre of the Federal 
Children's Bureau Bill with their in- 
fluence and their votes. 

There are thirty-one clubs in the 



WOMEN'S CLUBS 



4!) 



Third District and all delegates report 
a most delightful and successful con- 
vention. 

MRS. ETTA E. AGNEW. 

SEVENTH DISTRICT 

The annual meeting of the Seventh 
District of the Iowa Federation of 
Womens' Clubs was held in Dallas 
Center, November 11th. A heavy rain 
that morning made the prospect for 
good attendance very discouraging. By 
nine o'clock estimated about eighty 
loyal delegates and club women had 
arrived, and others came by later 
trains. 

The business meetings were held in 
the M. E. church. 

The morning session was called to 
order at nine-twenty by the District 
Chairman, Mrs. C. E. Brenton. Mrs. 
Anna M. Ellis conducted the Bible 
reading, choosing the fourth chapter 
of Judges, the story of Deborah. 

Miss Amy L. Baton welcomed the 
guests in behalf of the Dallas Center 
Woman's Club. The response by Mrs. 
0. T. McMahon of Waukee was' witty 
and full of good things for club wom- 
en. The three minute reports from 
federated and unfederated clubs were 
crisp, concise and comprehensive. 
These reports show an increasing ten- 
dency toward systematic study, and 
more enthusiasm along altruistic 
lines. Many clubs thruout the district 
are supporting or helping to support 
rest rooms, libraries and gymnasiums. 
One club has placed a drinking foun- 
tain in the public square of their 
towtn. 

Mrs. A. E. Shipley of Des Moines, 
gave a splendid report of the Daven- 
port Biennial which all enioyed. Dr. 
Lucy B. Harbach of Des Moines, pre- 
sented the subject of the "Black 
Plague" as a physician sees it. Every 
woman in the district should have, 
heard Dr. Harbach. Her paper was 
turned over to the federation and will 
be printed soon. 

The question box conducted by Mrs. 
Freeman R. Conaway of Ames brought 
up some interesting discussions upon 
parliamentary ruling and federation 
law. 

The meeting was then adjourned to 



the Presbyterian church where the del- 
egates and visiting club members were 
entertained at lucheon by the D. C. 
Woman's Club. Mrs. Guy H. Hall 
opened the afternoon session with a 
beautiful vocal solo. L. H. Pammel 
Ph. D. of Ames followed with a very 
interesting and instructive lecture.. "A 
Trip Trough The Rockies." He gave 
a very graphic description of the 
Lewis and Clark expedition, interspers- 
ing with personal experiences of his 
trip over the same route this summer. 
Miss Margaret C. Walker delighted 
the convention with readings from her 
own books. "The Holly Hock Babies" 
and "Wren Stories. 

Miss Carolyn Fargrave could not be 
with us, much to our regret. She was 
to have offered suggestions to the I. F. 
W. C. from the standpoint of a county 
superintendent of schools. Mrs. Julian 
Richards of Waterloo, State President 
of the Iowa Federation addressed the 
convention in a very stirring and earn- 
est speech. She commended the dis- 
trict upon work done, called attention 
to unfinished tasks and new work that 
should be taken up by club women. 
The benefits of the federation to the 
club were strongly brought out, and 
unfederated clubs, urged to fall in line. 
Mrs. Richards is a forceful speaker 
and is filled with club spirit and en- 
thusiasm to her finger tips; to meet 
her and hpar her is an inspiration to 
beiter work. 

Miss Feme Gordon of Des Moines, 
enlivened the meetings with some 
very excellent readings and vocal se- 
lections, responding very graciously to 
encores. One invitation to hold the 
Ankeny Women's Club was accepted 
and the convention adjourned. 

At four-thirty Mrs. Clyde Brenton 
tendered an informal reception to del- 
egates, visitors and the home club, a 
delicious three course supper was 
served. About one hundred club wom- 
en enjoyed Mrs. Bren ton's hospitality 
and — well — silence was not allowed to 
accumulate. At eight o'clock Mrs. Gov. 
Carroll pave a very interesting and 
sympathetic talk to (he Mother's Club 
and ladies of the town. She also talk- 
ed to the boys and girls at the nigh 
School in the afternoon. 

Much credit is due our district 



50 



THE MIDWESTERN 




MRS. CLYDE BRENTON 

Chairman of Seventh District 

chairman for arranging so excellent a 
program, and bo successfully conduct- 
ing the business of litis convention. 

Site lias proved the one day plan a 
good one. 

EIGHTH DISTRICT 

The Federated Clubs of the Eighth 
District held their convention at Corn- 
ing, November i and ">. Over 70 lad- 
ies, delegates and visitors, were enter- 
tained during the two days. 

The meetings were held in the Con- 
gregationialisl church and was nota- 
ble for the number of Stale officers in 
attendance. 

Mrs. Julian Richards, State Presi- 
dent; Mrs. Wat/.ek. Vice President; 
Mrs. Towner, State Secretary; Mrs. 
ETeckert, Chairman of the Ninth His 
trict; Mis. Loranze, of the Art Coin 
mittee; Mrs. Morrell, of the Educa- 
tional Committee; Miss Alice Tyler, 
of the Library Commission; an active 
part. 

Discussions of Civic Work, .- it i < I of 

industrial work in the schools formed 
two of the most interesting periods, all 



delegates taking an active interest in 
those things which touch each home 
and town. 

Thursday evening, instead of the 
usual reception the guests were enter- 
tained by Hon. Champ Clark, with his 
well known lecture, "Humorous Side 
of Public Men." Friday afternoon, 
the meeting closed early and after an 
auto ride the guests were given an in- 
formal reception and tea at Egewood, 
the beautiful country home of Mr. and 
Mrs. Frank Widher. The next conven- 
tion of the Eighth District Club is to 
be held at Clarinda. 

NINTH DISTRICT 

The first week in November, was 
the meeting time for the Ninth Dis- 
trict meeting of the I. F. W. C A 
larger crowd than usual was present 
and the lovely little town of Red Oak 
was seen to advantage on two beauti- 
ful Indian Summer days. The fine li- 
brary recently finished was the place 
of holding the meetings. 

On the first night a reception was 
held in the auditorium. Mr. Ralph 
Ericcson sang two songs delightfully 




MRS. JESSIE R. HYLAND. Osceola, Iowa 
Chairman of Eighth District 



WOMEN'S CLUP.S 



51 



and Mrs. B. I!. Clark took the audience 
with lici- on ;i stereoptiean trip thru 
the llnlv hand. .Miss Helen Hurlbut 
then sang two tonga mosl beautifully, 
her voice showing culture of the high- 
est order. 

Tuesday morning the program prop 
er began. Mis. Ella D. Heckert, chair- 
man of the disirici presided wiili auch 
grace and sweetness, thai every wom- 
an's lieai-l was won to her. Notable 
Club women were sealed on (lie plat- 
form, Mrs. John K. Nash, Mrs. .1. .1. 
Seei'ley. .Mis. Horace M. Towner. Mrs. 
l'\ S. Walls. Mis. .1. S. Johnson. .Mrs. 
Watsek and .Mis. Julian Richards. 
Those appearing on the program were: 
Mrs. I. add of lied Oak. Mrs. .1. M. 
Junkin of Red Oak, Mrs. .1. P. Organ 
of Council Bluffs, Mrs. Geo. M. Ogilvie 
of Dee Moines, Mrs. I'. K. I Iolhrook of 
Onawa, Mrs. F. S. Wat Is of Audubon. 
Mrs. II. M. Towner of Corning, .Mrs. 
Julian Richards of Waterloo, Mrs. .1. 
W. Watzek of Davenport, Mrs. W. T. 
Johnston of Des Moines, whose paper 
was read by Mrs. M. 10. Fisher of Red 
Oak; Mrs.' .1. A. Nash of Audubon, 
and Mrs. T. 0. .Morrell of Red Oak 
Mrs. Morrell's talk which related to 1b 
teaching of domestic sciemce in the 
schools, was supplemented by statis- 
tics from Miss Beem, sewing teacher 
of the Red Oak scl Is. 

Music for i he day was furnished by 
Dr. Helen Dearborn, who played two 
numbers on the cornel. Mrs. Roy 
Morris, whose lovely contralto voice 
was heard to .ureal advantage in two 
folk songa and I he ladies quartette. 
Mrs. Horace I']. I teenier, so much loved 
and admired in club circles, read Mrs. 
Holbrook's paper in her absence. 

An automobile ride occupied the 
"I4HI hour. Red Oak is a mosl beau- 
tiful city, willi wide streets and many 
handsome homes, well lighted and in 
."end condition. lis hills add lo the 
beauty of the local ion. On Tuesday 
evening Mrs. Smith MacPhersou enter 
Fained twelve at dinner and Mrs. T. 
( '. Merrill received informally. Alto- 
gether the meeting was a great buc- 
cos and reflected credit upon the chair 
man and Red ( >nk clubs. 

TENTH DISTRICT 

One of | he pleasant recent events in 
club circles was the reception given 




MRS. FRANCIS E. WHITLEY 

Chairman of Tenth District 



in Webster City with Mrs. Watzek, 
Nice President of the State Federation 
as the honored guest. 

The reception was given by Mrs. 
Francis E. Whitley, Chairman of the 
Tenth District) at whose home Mrs. 
Watzek was visiting and 1 lie quests 
were the members of the six federated 
clubs of the city, three of which have 
entered the Federation during the pres 
cut biennial period. 

The day was perfect. I he house was 
prettily decorated with smilax and 
roses and the occasion proved a de- 
lightful opportunity to meet Mis. Wat- 
zek who makes friends wherever she 
meets the club women of the Stale. 

The recent meeting in Ft. Hodge of 
the federated clubs of the Tenth His 

Irici was a most interesting one and 
more largely attended than any pre 
vious convention in the distrid — a fact 

nole worlliv from the inconveiiien I day. 
Salnnbiv which it was found necessary 
to choose. 

The Ingleside and f'p lo Hate Clubs 



52 



THE MIDWESTERN 




MRS. C. H. BECKETT 



of Ft. Dodge entertained the conven- 
tion and Mrs. Francis E. Whitley, the 
District Chairman*, presided at each 
session. The distinguishing feature of 
the gathering was perhaps the delight- 
fully informal and friendly feeling 
which prevailed. 

The hospitable and pleasant recep- 
tion given at the home of Mrs. John 
Schanipp on the previous evening gave 
an opportunity for the delegates to 
meet each other in a social way. 

At the opening session greetings 
were brought from the local clubs 
among whom the Ft. Dodge chapter 
of the D. A. H. was most charmingly 
represented by the talented wife of 
Senator Dolliver. 

The work planned and carried on 
by the State Federation was present- 
ed by members of several of the stand 
bag committees. Miss Pronty of Hum 
hold) and Mrs. K'owe of Poone speak' 
ing interestingly of the work of the 
committees on Art and of Public 
Health. 

Prof. Leona Call of Webster City, 

Chairman of committee on Literature 

and Library Extension, effectively pre- 
sented the plans which that committee 



are carrying out for helping clubs to 
study outlines, papers and books of 
reference. Mrs. Wilson of Jefferson, 
Chairman of Education Committee 
gave a thoughtfully prepared outline 
of desirable Educational lines of work 
and Mrs. Max Mayer of Iowa City 
gave a clever account of an actual ex 
perience in work for civic betterment. 

The address by the President Mrs. 
Julia/ii Richards was well received and 
abounded in valuable suggestions. Her 
presence as well as that of Mrs. Watzek 
the Vice President added much to the 
interest of the meeting. Mrs. Watzek 
conducted the Pound Table for the dis- 
cussion of timely topics. 

The reports of the clubs of the dis- 
trict which were largely represented 
were one of the best features of the 
meeting and showed not only a marked 
gain in number but a high degree of 
enthusiasm in this, the largest district 
in the State. 

As a local paper said, "The versatile 
ability of Iowa women which was 
shown, the use which is being made of 
it in this uplifting effort of federated 
women's chili was a revelation." 

WOMEN'S CLUB OF GUTHRIE 
CENTER 

The beginning of the Guthrie Center 
Woman's Club was January twenty- 
ninth, 1902, when ten ladies were 
gathered at a dinner [tarty, and or- 
ganized lor the purpose of study and 
civic Improvement. 

The club has gradually grown until 
it now numbers 48 active and five so- 
cial members, the active membership 
being limited to fifty. 

One of the main interests of the club 
has been a public library. By means 
of lecture courses, entertainments, 
and the sale of cooked foods, a start 
for a library was made, a public read- 
ing and rest room was opened January 
first, 1003, and maintained by the ef- 
forts of the club. During the last two 
years membership to Clubs have been 
sold, on which books could be drawn. 
Three times have the people of the 
town refused to Vote a tax to support 
a library. Nevertheless the Woman's 
Club has kept it alive for the people 



WOMEN'S CLUBS 



53 



enjoy it and they 



are 



who real]; 

many. 

Domestic Science was si tidied for 
two years and it proved to he interest- 
ing to more ladies than Hie study of 
history. Our New Possessions and 
Physical Culture are the subjects of 
study for the current year. 

ANNUAL MEETING AT 
SEVEN OAKS 

The Cress and Authors Chili held 
their annual meeting with Mrs. Ella 
Hamilton Durley at her home on Sev 

enth Btreet, "Seven Oaks" on the 
evening of the first .Monday in Novem- 
ber. The guests were received bv Mrs. 
•I. <;. Berryhill, president of the elnb. 
ami Mrs. Durley. The program in- 
eluded reading by Miss Margaret 
Walker, child story writer. Miss Zol- 
linger, novelist and Paul Ficke, poet 
from their own hooks. The music was 
furnished by Mrs. Walter I'. Saunders, 
Mrs. Patrick and Miss I'lrich. 

A large crowd was in at tendance 
and the occasion marked another mile- 
stone in the pleasant and profitable 
history of the club. 

PAN HELLENIC BANQUET 

On the evening of November 12th. 
at the Qolf and Country Club, was 
held the tenth annual banquet of the 
Pan Hellenic Association of Des 
Moines. The evening was a stormy 
one. but seventy-seven quests were 
present including a number from out 
of town. The handsome parlors of the 
club house presented a great scene, and 
after the serving of an elaborate menu, 
Mrs. Wallace, president of Hie associ- 
ation announced Miss Sarah C. Shute 
as toast mistress of the occasion. Miss 
Shute certainly was a success in her 
difficult role. She was not only the 
ready and witty leader, but she was 
an inspiration to each speaker. The 
toasts were well planned and arranged 
and the program follows: 

The Playwright, Mrs. Ogilvie, Kappa 
Kappa (lamina; The Repertoire, Miss 
Allabach. Kappa Alpha Theta : The 
Actors, responded to by Miss Rose 




MRS. FRANK N. SHIEK, Wheatland, Wyoming 
Cor. Sec. of The G. F. W. C. 

niond, in the absence of Mrs. Parsons, 
Helta Gamma; The Coach, Mrs. Camp- 
bell, Chi Omega; The Climax, Mrs. 
Watson, Helta Helta Helta. 




MRS. JOHN A. GREENLEE, Richland, low. 
Chairman Sixth District 



54 



THE MIDWESTERN 




MRS. HENRY WALLACE 
President of the Pan-Hellenic 



The meeting was voted as being the 
most delightful ever hekl and was a 
reunion of old friends who look for- 
ward with pleasure to this annual oc- 
casion. 

CHAUNCEY DEPEW MEETINGS 

During the month, the Chauncey De- 
pew has held two profitable and pleas 
ani meetings, with Mi's. Strauss and 
Mrs. W. T. Carton. At the first one, 
Mrs. B. P. Carroll was leader and she 
gave as her subject, "Flow best pre- 
sent the question of social purity to 
boys and girls of Iowa and teach 
them about themselves?" When her 
husband took the oath of office as 
governor of Iowa, she registered a 
mental oath to go out among the 
boys and girls of Iowa and told them 
the sacred truths about their souls and 
bodies which arc so often neglected. 
Her work was a scheme of her own, 
bul the Mothers Congress invited her 
to pursue it under their name and as 
a part of their plan, and she is doing 
so now. A most animated discussion 



of the question took place at the club 
meeting, bringing out many new ideas. 
At the second meeting, Mrs. Strauss 
was the leader, and introduced the 
question, "How shall we get the most 
out of life?" In a charming' talk which 
brought out many good points. A full 
atte.ndence was present and each mem- 
ber spoke entertainingly on the topic. 
The Chauncey Depew Club is com- 
posed of intellectual women, who dis- 
cuss questions ably and fearlessly. The 
membership of the club is limited to 
fifteen. A luncheon in honor of Mrs. 
Fletcher Howard will be given Decem- 
ber 10th at the Chamberlain. 



HONOR TO AN IOWA WOMAN 
Dr. Margaret Clark, of Waterloo, 
has the well-bestowed honor of being 
appointed vice-president for Iowa in 
the campaign of preventive medicine 
which the American Medical Associa- 
tion is planning. The work is to have 
a most thorough organization of coun- 
ty chairmen, and much individual work 
will be done. 



THE FORGET-ME-NOT 

Poem composed and read by Mrs. M. Strauss at a luncheon in honor of Mrs. Howard 



Welcome Mrs. Howard, 
From the land so richly flowered 
But no flower in that garden spot 
Is sweeter than the For-get-me-not 
Planted by the Chauncey De Pew 
In memory for you. 

Though a tiny flower it may be 
It is rooted deep as you can see 
And no matter how far you are away 
The Forget-me-not will carry the day. 
Your destination has taken you west 
Where we know you like it best, 
But be it west or be it east 
Our friendship for you has never 

ceased. 
And with each returning year 
We are glad to have you here, 
Happy to extend a hearty welcome to 

our friend. 

And as mother of this club 
Reach to you the loving cup 
Not of silver nor of gold, 
But of reverence many fold. 

While our loss was Los Angeles gain 
And new friends you formed out west, 



As long as your teachings remain 
Your will, we'll not contest, 
Which for your happiness seems al- 
most best. 

You love trees with rich palm leaves 
And among the shady nooks, and 
You sit content well at ease 
To read your favorite books. 

Now soon you go back among those 

scenes, 
And leave the snow and ice, 
Take with you the Forget-me-not 
Which we so highly prize. 

Wear it always and bear in mind 
There aren't many of its kind 
Free to plant and free to give, 
To friends no matter where they live, 
No matter where they go, 
The little flower will be just so, 
And in color blue and true, 
Will bloom for the Chauncey De Pew, 
Which you created in Des Moines, 
And which gives you welcome on your 
return. 



MRS. MITCHELL PRESENTS A TABLET 



The nrincipal feature of the social 
afternoon of the Des Moines Women's 
Club at Hoyt Sherman place Decem- 
ber 1st was the presentation of the 
charter member tablet to the members 
of the club. The tablet committee was 
composed of Mrs. C. E. Hunu and Mrs. 
G. D. Ellyson, and was appointed dur- 
ing the administration of Mrs. Mitch- 
ell. Mrs. Mitchell made the presenta- 
tion speech. 

The tablet is of bronze and bears 
the names of Mrs. Lena Abdill, Mrs. 
L. F. Andrews, Mrs. Ruth Carpenter, 
Mrs. Whiting Clark, Mrs. Martha Cal- 
lanan, Maria S. Orwig, Mrs. Galusha 
Parsous, Dr. Margaret Cleaves, Mrs. 
Calista Halsev Patchin, Mrs. J. C. 
Cook, Mrs. W. H. Dickinson, Mrs. Ella 
Hamilton-Durley, Mrs. C. H. Gatch, 
Dr. Edith Gould Fosnes, Mrs. Sophie 
Gillette, Mrs. Julia Hunting, Mrs. 
Lydia Lamphere, Mrs. A. E. McMurray, 
Mrs. Sarah B. Mills, Mrs. C. C. Nourse, 
Mrs. Delia Ruttkay, and Mrs. Mary 
Wright. 

At the conclusion of Mrs. Mitchell's 
remarks Mrs. C. E. Hunn stepped for- 
ward and unveiled the tablet. 



After the unveiling of the charter 
members' tablet Mrs. Mitchell present- 
ed formally a very beautiful landscape 
by C. H. Davis, sent to her by Mrs. 
Abdill, a charter member who now 
lives in Eldred, Florida. Mrs. Mitchell 
said Mrs. Abdill gave it in the name of 
her lamented husband, Mr. L. B. Ab- 
dill, who had always intended it should 
be given to the club, when it was in its 
permanent home. Mrs. Mitchell called 
attention to the fact that Davis was 
represented in the Metropolitan mus- 
eum, New York, Penn Acadenmy of 
Fine Arts, Corcoran Galley, Washing- 
ton, D. G, St. Louis museum, and had 
received medals in America and 
abroad. 

Dean Frank Nagel of the Highland 
Park Conservatory of Music gave a 
most interesting talk on Tschaikowsky, 
the composer, and his Sixth Symphony. 
Mr. Nagel illustrated his talk with the 
pianola, played by O. G. Swanitz. Mr. 
Nagel spoke of Tschaikowsky as the 
recognized leader of the Russian Ro- 
mantic School of Music. 



HYGIENIC PREVENTION OF DISEASE 



Mrs. Eugene Henely 




MRS. EUGENE HENELY 
of Grinnell, Iowa 



Of us, as humanity, it has been said: 
"The people of today are, by careful living 
and the prevention of disease, drawing near 
to that state of society prophecied by Hux- 
ley, 'When mankind will consider it a crime 
to be ill.' We are rapidly developing 

health consciences, both at home and 
abroad. Yet for all this no physician need 
fear that he will at once be driven out 
of business. And far is it from the mind of 
our medical men to in any way hinder 
hygienic or sanitary living. In fact they 
are in the real van of the movement toward 
health education. They are more than 
willing to show us how to live rightly — 
how we may prevent disease. Then our 
municipal and state officers are willing and 



in this direction. 



constant aide 

house mothers have as much, if not 
Influence in this matter than all 
forces combined. 

Our public schools come in for their 



while the 
more, 
other 



share of credit as well. We have not yet 
reached the millenium. Tho we are being 
educated along the lines of personal right 
living and our regard and relation to pub- 
lic health, we are still in the very earliest 
stages of perfectly sanitary living. 

As the home is the nearest to most of 
us engaged in the discussion of this war- 
fare, we will speak of it first. We know It 
is best if the house itself has a pleasant 
exposure to the sun — if it is well located 
and not too closely encroached upon by 
neighboring buildings. Sunshine and fresh 
air are two of the great gifts of the All 
Father, but how many, many times do we 
find them both refused and shut out of 
our homes. Shades are drawn down over 
closed windows, lest the bright sunlight 
fade the rugs and carpets or other furnish- 
'ngs. As sunshine is one of the very best 
of agents to kill disease germs, to dis-infect 
and purify, we should see it in our homes 
every day as an honored guest, or better 
still an honored member of the household, 
o feel that it belonged. Statistics show 
that patients on the sunny side in hospital 
wards recover sooner than those on the op- 
posite side; that the people living in houses 
having sunny, open exposures are less often 
ill than those having the opposite environ- 
ments. A number of tests have been made 
of putting the tuburcle bacilli in the sun- 
shine, the result being that they are killed 
very shortly, while it is a well established 
fact that such bacilli will live for two 
years in places unexposed to the suns rays. 
The crowded sunless and air lacking condi- 
tions of so many tenament houses in large 
cities are the cause of many falling victims 
to the white plague. So put up the window 
shades, open the shutters and keep them 
open. Let in the fresh air as well as 
the sunshine. You will sleep better and 
live longer if you have a constant supply 
of fresh air in your sleeping rooms. There 
was once an erronious idea that night air 
was not wholesome, that it was an enemy 
to health. But really the night air is purer, 
has less dust circulating in it, and conse- 
quently fewer microbes to prey upon us. 
Put on more blankets and have more fresh 
air. I am fully convinced that the habit 
people have of sleeping in warm rooms in 
winter and starving themselves for whole- 
some fresh air, is the reason we hear the 
evpression so often. "Oh, winter is the 
doctors busy season." Of course it is. 
When the windows are wide open in sum- 
mer and we sleep in drafts of night air, 
we are much nearer nature than when in 
winter we allow our bodies to become so 
unable to resist colds and like ailments 



HYGIENIC PREVENTION OF DISEASE 



57 



by sleeping in overheated, poorly ventilated 
rooms. Then don't be afraid of pure, fresh 
air; take it when you can enjoy it, and 
when it is free. If you wait till you have 
pneumonia, and the physicians administer 
it to you from oxygen tanks, you wont en- 
joy it half so much, and have to pay for it 
as well, and sometimes pretty dearly. 

We can prevent disease by availing our- 
selves of the God given sunshine and fresh 
air in our homes. We must also keep them 
clean. Of course, you keep your houses 
clean. I'm only speaking of the dear gen- 
eral public which is such a useful party 
to fall back upon at times. Hard wood 
floors and rugs which allow of more fre 
quent cleaning than carpets light window 
draperies and fewer heavy portiers, and 
dust gathering furnishings are a long step 
in the direction of sanitary living. The 
"vacuum cleaner man" is a boon to us 
all. To take away so much dust and to 
let none of it circulate thru the atmos- 
phere of the house. We call his name 
blessed and look with horror on the amount 
of matter he is able to extract from our 
rugs, mattresses, walls and furniture, tho 
he kindly assures us that there are others 
just as bad, if not worse. We are still 
amazed, tho properly thankful, that it has 
been removed from our belongings. So we 
will be clean, not only the part of the 
house we live and sleep in, but the base- 
ment or cellar, and the attic as well. To 
sort over the year's accumulation in the 
attic is no small task, but instead of hoard- 
ing up the half worn, or, perhaps, wholly 
good but out of fashion garments, give them 
to some one who can use them, tor such 
we have always with us, and what is a 
care and bother to you may prove a God 
send to o>ne less fortunate. An accumula- 
tion of clothing which has been worn be- 
comes, in time, unsanitary, and is a breed- 
ing place tor that small but mighty enemy, 
the moth. 

We will be clean with plenty of sunlight 
and fresh air, but we must eat and drink 
and keep well in so doing. That is, we 
wish to eat and drink nothing that would 
do us harm. The great beverage, water, 
has a wonderful influence on our keeping 
well. The old Romans, understood the 
value of pure water as they constructed 
great aqueducts to bring the supply in to 
Rome. They had pure water. Another of 
the Ancient races, the Chinese, have al- 
ways used the water from rivers which 
receive all kinds of refuse and filth, but 
rich and poor alike follow one rule in 
China, never drink the water until it has 
been boiled. As boiling will purify any water, 
we need not go thirsty or come to harm by 
using water that is not just as pure as 
it should be. If the municipal authorities 
pronounce it safe you miy depend that it 
is. When in doubt, boil it, then you are 
sure. We need plenty of water internally 
as well as externally. I have known very 
cleanly people who would not care to drink 
more than half a glassful in a day, simply 
hadn't "a thirst." We must wash Inside 



as well as outside. We must cultivate a 
desire to drink wiater. It should be the 
first thing we take in the morning and the 
last at night. Drink plenty of good pure 
water. If it was not pure before you boiled 
it, it was after boiling. See that the chil- 
dren have plenty of water to drink, the 
baby must not be left out either. He gets 
as thirsty and needs a drink as badly as 
we older people, only be cannot go help 
himself as we can. 

The water must be pure and untainted. 
Look then to the cup which conveys it. 
Contagious diseases are very often trace- 
able to the fact of one well person drinking 
after one who, the slightly ailing, is still 
up and about. Travelers carry their own 
cups. Communion services have the in- 
dividual cups as a general thing, while 
school children, where bubble fountains are 
not installed, usually have their own drink- 
ing cups. This is surely a move in a 
hygienic direction. How easy it was in 
the old way of one cup for all pupils, for 
one child coming down with measles or 
any other contagious disease to iniioculaie 
a whole roomful of little people with 
the same complaint. When starting on a 
railroad journey of any distance, especially 
with children, the drinking cup is a neces- 
sity. A public drinking cup can never be 
sterilized. It is usually chained on and re- 
mains there its natural lifetime, that is, till 
it is worn out. So clean water and plenty 
of it in clean cups should be our steadfast 
rule. 

What about the milk? It seems that the 
infant population of the present are bottle 
fed prodigy, hence the first year of their 
lives, (should the milk be impure) is in 
more danger than were the lives of the 
babies of a few decades ago who were 
nursed in the natural way. The scourge 
which carries off so many babies, cholrea 
infantum, in the large number of cases 
attacks bottle babies, those nursed by the 
mothers more often escaping. This deadly 
disease was traced to the food which was 
cows milk. A great awakening has come 
and a pure milk supply is the order of 
the day, as a result of investigations, tests, 
municipal oversight of milk supply, tuher- 
culine testing of cattle, etc. May this give 
the little bottle fed babies a fair chance to 
live. A succession of sterilizings are ever 
in order, one mother exclaiming, "We have 
sterilized everything except the baby" in 
their efforts to have all as it should be in 
preparing the food, bottles, nipples, etc. 
We all want the pure milk, grown ups as 
well as children. The clean, rich, bottled 
milk delivered at the door each day, a 
paste board disk as stopper labeled "Tuber- 
culin tested cows" makes one unafraid 1o 
use the lactil fluid, and thankful l hat an 
era of sanitation has dawned. It is in 
deed a blessing to t ho race to have a pure 
supply of both water and milk as a great 
proportion of cases of typhoid fever may 
be traced to impure water of milk. That 
is, these fluids have received Hie microbe 



58 



THE MIDWESTERN 



which breeds the disease and carries it on 
to the unsuspecting victims. 

Speaking of typhoid, the greatest care 
and cleanliness should he exercised by 
those who have in charge of a patient ill 
with this disease. Carelessness in dispos- 
ing of all that passes from the patients 
body may cause the contamination of drink- 
ing water used by both people, and cattle 
as well. In the latter case, we get rrom 
the cattle milk containing the typhoid mi- 
crobes. We should then have infected milk 
as well as water, and a great multiplying 
of typhoid cases. In the Spanish American 
War, we lost four soldiers in camp to one 
killer in battle, and a great many of these 
deaths were traceable to tne above men- 
tioned cause. With the Japanese it was 
just a reversal of these figures, one dy- 
ing in camp to four killed in battle. Every 
care was taken in this case to have the 
camps canitary, the water supply pure or 
else the water boiled. So in our own do- 
minion, the household, we must exercise 
every care in case of a typhoid illness, as 
well as any other, to use all cleanliness 
in its handling, and to run no chances of 
sending on the disease to others. 

If we are to be so careful about our 
beverages, we must likewise look well to 
the food we purchase and prepare for our 
families. We are greatly blest in the new 
pure food laws and food inspection. Our 
good government is trying to protect us 
from spoiled meat, fish, poultry and oys- 
ters, vegetables, fruits, milk and eggs. 
Not only is this the case as to very per- 
ishable products, but to others as well, 
such as flour, sugar, tea, coffee, canned 
goods, honey, molasses, butter, maple syrup 
and many other things. The food inspectors 
are ever on the lookout for violators of the 
laws. In the cities where inspectors go 
about thru the various restaurants and eat- 
ing houses, they Often condemn not only 
spoiling food, but food receptacles as well. 
In one such instance which I heard of the 
inspector picked up a cracked teacup and 
said, "throw away all such as this." The 
owner remonstrated, saying he was not 
"feeding customers the china," whereupon 
the inspector broke the cup apart reveal- 
ing the accumulations of many greasy dish 
washings, an excellent culture bed for all 
varieties of germs. Thus are the people 
guarded and cared for, who must eat in 
public places. We certainly will look to 
the well being of those in our own homes. 
If the food is clean and unadulterated when 
it reaches us, we must give it all proper 
care in preparation and serving, as well 
as the re-serving of what has been left 
from a previous meal. More than one case 
of ptomanie poisoning has been traced to 
the eating of over-old food which the frugal 
house wife has felt was too good to throw 
away. If the meals are planned well be- 
fore hand, one does not need to waste, 
but can so arrange her menus as to make 
use of all left over at an early date, not 
simlpy putting them in a dark corner of 
the refrigerator and forgetting them until 



several days have elapsed and their day 
of usefulness past by. Better then, if they 
are at once discarded. If we are able to 
buy supplies clean and pure, it is our 

business to keep them that way. I was 
once set to thinking by the remark made to 
me by one of the grocery men, at whose 
place of business it was always a pleasure 
to do ones purchasing. The floors were 
scrupulously clean, the show windows, 
cases and shelves perfect in neatness, 
fruits such as dates or figs, which would 
be collectors of dust and dirt, under glass 
cases, all so attractive because they were 
clean. I remarked upon the fact that it 
was a pleasure to buy at his store as one 
always felt that everything was so clean. 
His reply was, "All stores would be just 
as clean if the people expected and asked 
for it." And I believe it is true. Then 
let us as patrons and buyers encourage 
the owners of the markets, bakeries and 
grocery stores in their constant war against 
dirt, dust and flies. They have a great 
deal to contend with, but if we can assist 
them by our approval and the fact thai 
real cleanliness brings them trade, we will 
be helping along the era of clean and san- 
itary supplies. The house wife as well as 
the butcher, baker and grocer is afflicted 
as was Pharaoh of Egypt by the plague of 
flies. We don't know that this wicked old 
King was troubeld by mosquitoes, but we 
have them with us in the season to which 
they belong, the summer. Both are car- 
riers of diseases, and should be battled 
against. We will not find the mosquito 
which carries yellow fever in this part of 
our country. The one which can carry 
malarial fever from the sick to the well 
is not very common here. Still no mos- 
quitoes are better than even harmless ones. 
If no stagnant water stands about, no un- 
covered rain barrels or even tin cans of 
water, which thrown out, have been filled 
by rains, we will not be furnishing breed- 
ing palces for the common harm'ess but 
still very unpleasant mosquitos. As to the 
first pest, the house fly, it has been called 
the disease of the house. The season of 
serious illness and death of babies is said 
to be measured by the life of the fly. It 
is an easy matter for a fly full of filth and 
microbes to rest for a moment upon the 
pan in which the babies food is being pre- 
pared. The poor baby swallows with its 
food the microbes carried by the fly, then 
we have a sick baby in a few days. We 
are told that bottle babies die three and 
four times faster than breast babies, and 
scientific authorities are laying the fatality 
to the house fly. It is an established fact 
that other diseases besides those of infancy 
are carried about by this same pest. He 
is the bearer of dysentery, cholera, typhoid 
fever, tuberculosis and other infectious di- 
seases as well. We can well believe that 
this is true when we read that there is 
the small number of six million and a half 
germs to a fly. We must as far as pos- 
sible, eradicate the fly. Leave no food open 
or exposed to their contact. Perfect clean- 



REDEEMED 



59 



liness is sure to send them elsewhere. It 
is said that they can not breed in dry 
places, and will not breed in clean ones. 
None of us are so near perfection perhaps 
as to have no flies unless we are like the 
relative whom Aunt Smantha Allen visited 
and found that she had driven her family 
out of the house because of her severe 
crusade against flies. We do not want to 
do any such a thing as that. But we can 
have a co-operative society composed of all 
the members of the household, who upon 
understanding the deadly nature of the 
enemy, will band together to keep it out 
of the house. Unsigtly ash and rubbish 
heaps as well as uncovered garbage cans 
and buckets must be looked after. If we 
remove from the back door and yard all 
feeding and breeding places for flies, we 
have wrought a good work. All food must 
be put away within the house and clean- 
liness the watchword. Then we can pre- 
vail. It has been done in other countries, 
let us do it here in the best country of 
all. 

Another requisite for good health Is 
plenty of sleep. We all need a proper al- 
lowance of this one of natures restoratives, 
but most of all do the children and youn-; 
people need it. Light suppers and early 
hours for retiring will be found most bene- 
ficial for nervious children. For the more 



sturdy brothers and sisters it is the desir- 
able thing also. If the children have suffi- 
cient sleep and rest with wholesome and 
nourishing food, with plenty of exercise in 
the fresh air, if they form good habits and 
keep their bodies clean, they will not only 
be hearty, healthy people, but will be cheer- 
ful and happy as well. 

The greatest care should be taken to 
train a child to properly masticate his 
food, "not how much I eat, but how well 
I eat it" should be his motto, consuming 
food rapidly is bolt'ng not eating it. A 
dentist once told me that one reason peo- 
ple had so much trouble with their teeth 
and lost them at an earlier age than was 
the rule a half century ago>, was because 
the teeth did not receive sufficient usage 
or exercise, we might call it, to keep them 
hard as they should be. We know that 
it is a hurrying, busy age, but we should lake 
time to masticate our food properlv out 
of respect for our stomachs as well as our 
teeth. But we really are arawing nearer 
to the time when we will feel ashamed 
to say we are ill, knowing full well mat 
we have violated some one of natures laws. 
Let us strive, each in our own appointed 
place to do all in our power to hasten 
that good era of proper, sanitary, hygienic 
living. 



WORK OF AN IOWA ARTIST 

Our beautiful frontispiece, both poem and drawing, are the work of an Iowa 
artist of note, Mrs. Ella C. Brewer, now residing in Minneapolis. Mrs. Brewer has 
been a worker in clay since her girlhood and much of her work of later years is well 
known. Her bust of McKinley and of Francis Willard, of her father, Dr. Joel 
Hendricks and of Lieut. Gov. Matt Parrott are well known and admired by her Iowa 
friends. The page in todays issue is plainly the work of an artist of whom Iowa 
has good reason to be proud. 



REDEEMED 



Through the shining portals of 
Heaven, 

There came a soul one day. 

Straight through to the bar of judg- 
ment, 

A soul that had been astray. 

Asleep by the flock destroyed, 
And left in the pittiless cold. 
Still sought bv the gentle Shepherd 
As the one who had strayed from his 
fold. 

Though the soul that is lost in the 

darkness 
Takes no heed of the Master's care 
'Til the burden his sins have brought 

him, 
Are greater (htm lie can bear. 

But these words flushed crai in clear- 
ness 



On the sin-sick sou! one day — 
''There is greater rejoicing in Heaven 
For the one that has gone astray — 
And returned again to the portals. 
Than for many who knoweth not sin. 
And it seemed that the gates were 

opening 
And the Angels were beckoning him 

in. 

Straight through to the throne of 

mercy 
Came the soul with ils sins laid bare 
To awail the Master's judgment 
And the pardon promised (here, 
And all Heaven became one great choir 
And the song was "Redeemed Again" 
And n cltorus of Angel voices 
Bang on I in one grand Anie' 1 

—Mrs. Unbt. Itfettler 



60 



THE MIDWESTERN 




Younker Building, Seventh and Walnut 



GREAT NEW STORE 



Even the most casual visitor to 
Younker Bros, enlarged new store must 
be impressed with its splendor, its fine 
floor arrangements, its attention to san- 
itary conditions — there is such a great 
plenty of light and air — its roomy 
aisles and the happy expression of all 
Ihe employes. 

Younker Bros, certainly have the 



right idea in the conduct of a big store 
and in the carrying out of their plans 
have achieved signal success. Such a 
store has two great influences, a moral 
influence in the general community and 
through this, the influence of the best 
kind of "booster" for the city at large 
and cause for congratulation in the 
community in which it exists. 



A DEMOCRATIC INSTITUTION 



Any institution that exists for the 
good of the people at large might with 
propriety be termed democratic in its 
tendency and so this term may well be 
applied to the Iowa Dairy Co. of Des 
Moines, which surely works for the 
best interests of all of its patrons. A 
good and plentiful milk supply means 
much to a community and this is what 
we are blessed with in Des Moines. 
No effort has been spared on the part 
of the Iowa Dairy Co. to give the com- 
munity the best obtainable in milk 
and cream. At great extra expense, 
some years since they began putting 
(ml the pasteurized milk, made perfect- 
ly sanitary by a special process. This 
met wifh instant favor and the house- 
wife who does not have her table sup- 
plied will) this product, is at least not 
wise conceririrj' the he-n'tli of her fam- 
ily. The Chicago Board of Health in 
a special toi r of investigation in the 



middle west proclaimed the Iowa Dairy 
Company headed the list in the quality 
of the supply put out to the public. 
And thus, democratic in its work, the 
Iowa Dairy Co. continues at the head 
of its special field. 



DR. EVA S. WALKER 

FORMERLY OF DES MOINES 

OSTEOPATHIC PHYSICIAN 

NOW LOCATED AT 
ARTFSIA, NEW MEXICO 

Correspondence solicited from those desiring change of 
climate. Perfect climate for nervous invalids. 



CARPET CLEANING 

D. C. CARNAHAN 

MUTUAL 1541 IOWA 190 X 

764 Ninth Street, DES MOINES, IOWA 



A NEW PHARMACY 



A young man especially deserving of 

success, and willi ;i host of I ><".s Moines 
friends who will help him to attain It, 
is Lloyd Coon, whose fine new pharma 
cy and luncheonette will be opened 
next week at i lie eoraer of Fourth and 
Walnut streets. .Mr. Coon is well and 
favorably known in business circles 
■mil to the general public, having grown 
up in the city from young boyhood. 
His father was S. II. Coon, old soldier 
and well known in <!. A. B. circles in 
the state. His death occurred some 
.rears since. In the drug business 
Lloyd began with Harlan Bros., then 
with Webb Bouers, Norman Lichty, 
and for three years, he was secre- 
tary and manager id' the Hut-Unit Drug 
Co. In each id' his positions he made 
a signal success, through his energy, in- 
telligence and faithfulness. Now thai 
he goes into business alone, his friends 
Congratulate him and feel confident 
of his success. 

A flue new soda fountain will he 
installed and the luncheonette will in- 
clude all of the dainties of the season. 
Mr. Coon will have one of Hie finest 
locations in the city and one of the 
most beautiful stores. Do not fail to 
call on his opening day which will 
soon be announced in the papers. 




LLOYD COON 



SUCCESSFUL BOOK STORE 



A visit to the stoic of II. Jesse Mil authors and tine bibles were much in 

lev. Eighth and Locust streets, will demand. A big mail order business 

convince anyone that Mr. Miller is constantly carried on also. Orders 

knows how to sell books, and is mak are promptly tilled. Mr. Miller also 

big his store a center for the book- carries a full line of stationery and art 

buying community. Everything in the goods and makes, picture framing a 

book line was sold there during the specialty, 
holidays. Editions de luxe of famous 



When down town at noon get your lunch and rest 
awhile in the GRAND TEA ROOMS, 5th floor of the 
Grand Department Store, Corner Eighth and Walnut 
Streets. Everything First Class. 



62 



THE MIDWESTERN 




ML GOLDSTEIN, 



Ladies Tailor 



Do 



you use 



Mr. Goldstein is now in New York City looking 
up the latest styles for spring. His impoitations of 
handsome cloths are arriving every day. Early 
in January suits should be ordered for spring. 
The most beautiful things come in grey of various 
shades, also tans and brown. The Russian blouse 
is coming in style again. Mr. Goldstein has all 
the foreign fashion books. Do not delay your 
orders. 



Meadow Gold Butter? 

Fresh from the Dairy every day 
Pronounced delicious by the most 
fastidious. Try it once on your 
hot calces. 

Beatrice Creamery Co. 

DES MOINES, IOWA 



SEND 

TWO DIMES 

To us and get two valuable household 
recipes, one a washing fluid which will 
whiten and cleanse clothes, the other a 
jelly soap for cleaning woodwork, carpets, 
rugs, &c, and will make the dirtiest car- 
pets look like new without the slightest 
injuring to (abrics. These recipes will 
save you money, time and care. 

DES MOINES SANITARY CO. 

Lock Box 574 
DES MOINES, .... IOWA 




It's a Funny Person 

who does not want to save money when 
making a purchase. And you can save 
money by buying your clothes from us, be- 
sides getting quality and fit that others 
charge much more for. Our price for Suit 
or Overcoat is $15.00 No More No Less 
and you get an honest dollar's value for 
every dollar spent. 



THE GLASGOW, 



319 Sixth Ave. 



PI .-ase Mention "The Midwestern" in Answering Ads. We Would Appreciate It. 



We wish to thank our friends for the immense volume of business 
the store transacted during the Christmas season; we wish to 
acknowledge your kind indulgence of the inconveniences to which 
you were subjected pending the rebuilding of the greater YOUNKER 
STORE — we believe your compensation is the store itself — our 
reward lies in the ability to keep serving you in the manner that 
has kept you coming back to this store for over half a century. 

Again we thank you for your loyal support that makes possible 
this magnificent retail institution. 

With the season's cordial greetings, 

Very sincerely, 




NEW PRESIDENT OF THE COMMERCIAL CLUB 



B. F. Kauffman, Frank, as he is fa- 
miliarly known in Des Moines where he 
was grown tip, was unanimously elected 
President of the Commercial Club at 
its annual meeting, a deserved compli- 
ment to one of our progressive young 
men. Mr. Kauffman's father was a 
pioneer resident of the city, a man of 
splendid force and character, a lawyer 
of highest standing, and his mother, 
who passed away quite recently one of 
the loveliest and dearest of our Des 
Moines women. With such parentage, 
great expectations belong to the club's 
new president, and it is safe to say, 
from the fine business record of the 
young man these expectations will be 
more than realized. The other officers 
of the club are: H. H. Stipp, first 
Vice President; L. E. Harbach, second 
Vice President; Al C. Miller, Treas- 
urer. Directors: D. F. Givens, IT. TT. 
Polk, Morris Mandelbaum, .Tas. Martin, 
Mack Olsen, Chas. L. Gilcrest, Jerry 



B. Sullivan, Chas. Hewitt, Nate Frank- 
el, B. S. Walker, Fred P. Carr, E. B. 
Mendsen, E. T. Meredith. 

The chairmen of the various commit- 
tees, thus far announced are: Legis- 
lative, H. H. Stipp; civic, Len Harbach; 
conservation, A. C. Miller; finance, D. 
F. Givens; retail interests, Morris Man- 
delbaum ; manufacturers, James Mar- 
tin ; lighting, Mack Olsen; executive, 
^ Charles H. Giclrest; judiciary, Jerry 
B. Sullivan; entertainment, Charles 
Hewitt; convention, Morris Mandel 
baum; railway and finance, Nate 
Frankel; public affairs, B. S. Walker; 
membership, Fred P. Carr; jobbers, E. 
B. Mendsen ; agricultural, E. T. Mere- 
dith; Are protection, John W. Warn- 
shuis; information bureau, A. C. Mil- 
ler; viaduct, N. E. Coffin, census, old 
committee composed of C. A. Rawson, 
B. S. Walker, Geis Botsl'ord, B. F. 
Kauffman, Mack Olsen and A. C. Mil- 
ler. 



Please Mention "The Midwestern" In Answering Ads. We Would Appreciate It. 

63 









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OUR LIBRARY TABLE 



Carolyn M. Ogilvie 



HAPPINESS AND MONEY 

A man can have no greater delusion 
than that he can spend the best years 
of his life coining all of his energies 
into money, neglecting his home, sacri- 
ficing friendships, self improvement, 
and everything else that is really worth 
while, for money, and yet And happi- 
ness at the end ! If a man coins his 
ability, his opportunities and bis cash, 
and neglects the cultivation of the 
only faculties which are capable of ap- 
preciating the highest happiness dur- 
ing all the years he is accummulating 
wealth, he cannot effectively revive 
these atrophied brain cells. His en- 
joyment, after he makes his money, 
must come from the exercise of the 
same faculties which he has employed 
in making it. He cannot undo the re- 
sults of a life habit after he retires 
from business. 



Annie Payson Call's books have help- 
ed thousands of weary readers to a 
saner, happier plane of living by their 
explanations of the ordinary nervous 
strain of daily life, and instructions 
for its relief. "Power through Re- 
pose," her first book, has gone into 
thirty-four editions; "As a matter of 
Course," which followed several years 
later, has reached eleven editions aud 
"The Freedom of Life," the third book, 
has had six printings. "Every Day 
Living" and "Nerves and Common 
Sense," Which have been issued this 



year by Little, Brown & Company, pub- 
lishers of Miss Call's other works, are 
both in their second editions. In all 
these books there is not one word of 
suggestion or advice which is not ap- 
plicable to the case in point, and which 
is not based on working principles 
gained through wide knowledge and ex- 
perience. They are quite in line with 
the recent movemnt throughout the 
country for the elimination of unnec- 
essary nervous strain and for a life 
which shall produce the greatest peace 
and happiness with the minimum 
amount of worry and suffering. 

* * * 

MAUD'S DEBUT 

You make your debut, Maud, to-night; 

I read it in the papers, 
And I know well you'll make a hit 

With all your pretty capers. 

And ardent swains will battle well 

To win you for a dance, 
Each crowning you in rivalry 

With wreaths of Love's Romance. 

Dear me, how Time flies by ! It seems 

But yesterday that you 
Were making mud pies in the sand 

As proper children do. 

And then last summer when we met — 
Though after many years, 



UUKAKY TA1SI.K 




Jl FTER a most gratifying and successful year's business, THE GRAND 
& DEPARTMENT STORE comes before the people of Des Moines and 
Iowa with new and vastly enlarged stocks of dependable merchandise in 
every section for 1910. 

This rapidly growing store (in this the first year of its existence) has 
acquired the proud distinction of being the most economical shopping spot 
in all Des Moines. 

Our wholesale connections enable us to share the benefits of our tre- 
mendous purchasing power with our patrons, and this is what has com- 
manded the quick recognition and splendid patronage bestowed. 

For which we are truly grateful, 

THE GRAND DEPARTMENT STORE. 



Alt, how you flirted! I recall 

You left me all in tears. 

Put 'lis old hisl'ry now — all (his — 

To von — an 'twas no sin. 
Tonight, dear child, you're coming out 

To take another in ! 

— January Young' a Magazine, 

* * * 

Elmer Roberta, an American jour- 
nalisl resident in Berlin, presents some 
astounding facta in I lie January Scrib- 
mr iii a paper on "Monarchical Social 
ism in Germany." He shows how 
measures thai would lie looked npou in 
this country as the very extreme of 
radicalism arc fully adopted Into the 
law and custom of Germany, it is a 
striking summary of the obligations 
undertaken by the Stale for the eiti- 

/.ens of the Stale. 

• » • 

Bran dor Mallhews. who is the high 
est authority on all questions relating 

to the history of Hie French drama will 
cunlrihiile I" Hi 1 ' January Scribner a 



most entertaining article in regard to 

"Moliere and The Doctors." 

* * * 

Elmer Roberts, concluding his re- 
markable article i'i the January 8erib- 

iter on "Monarchical Socialism in Ger- 
many." says: "If il should he, that Ger- 
man statesmen have hold of true "prin- 
ciples in the ownership and manage 
nieiit of productive properties by the 
State. Germany has the start by a 

century over other nations." 

* * * 

"City People," by -lames Montgom- 
ery Plagg, takes the tirsl place among 
the Illustrated books of (he season. 
There are more than eighty drawings 
in pen and ink, and wash, as well as 
a cover in colors by Mr. Plagg, and 

the high artistic quality, the humor 

and satire and sentiment of the pic 
lines make this an astonishing hook. 
Tin' variety and truth of his types of 
men and women, old and young, pretty 
anil homely, show a keenness of Insight 
and power of expression that make 

this hook as Illuminating as it is amus- 



66 



THE MIDWESTERN 




NORMAN CHESHIRE BAMBER 
Son of Mr. and Mrs. Roy C. Bamber of Chicago, 111. 

in};. .Mi-. Flagg has gained a many- lions of her lenders as Margaret De- 
sided reputation as a humorist and land. The characters she has created 
satirist, bb the artist of pretty girls and in her "Old Chester Tales" and her 
attractive women, and as an illustra- novels have come to be like those of 
tor of solid (impose and achievement Dickens and Thackeray, tried and 
which ihis hook will greatly Increase, trusted friends. Who is there who does 

not know and love Doctor Lavendar 

Another beautiful hook of drawings . m ,i |j,,| (> David? .Mis. Dehmd, after 

is Harrison Fisher's "The American ,| im . V( ,. u . s f constant work, has jnst 

Girl," with twelve of Mr. Fisher's most finished a new novel which will be- 

attraclive pictures of girls reproduced „j n s , l( ,„ m Harper's, It is in every 

in full colors. As (he New York Herald w;lv ,| l( . strongest and most vital novel 

said: "The greal originality and that Mrs. Deland has written, and that 

piqnanl personality Of the Fisher girl j s hJg B praise indeed, 

have conquered the majority." * * 

* * One of the beautiful booklets from 

No American writer of today has Harper & Bros, is by Margaret Deland, 

perhaps so strong a hold on the after "When the Laborers are few." In the 



LIBRARY TABLE 



(17 



story we meet again Dear < >)< I l>r. 
Lavendar and some of bis people. The 
cover and page decorations are exqui- 
site and in harmony with the tale it 

self. This WOnld make a lovely New 

Pears gift fl.50. 

Por I lie liners of a mystery story, 
rich in description ami moving in its 
pathos, "A Gentleman of Quality" 1>.\ 
Frederick Von Resselaer Day will be 
of deepest interest. Ii is a story of 
mistaken identity and the pint becomes 
more and more involved toward the 
end, keeping the imagination of the 
reader keyed to the highest pitch. The 
author gives an Interesting preface in 

Which lie relates the true ineident up 

on which the story is founded. The 

honk is one of season"* hesl sellers and 

is handsomely brought out by the 
house of i,. c. Page & <'o. $1.50. 

• * 

Admirers of Marsh Ellis Ryan, 

author of "Told in the Hills." •■Indian 

Love Letters," and "For the Soul of 

Rafael." will welcome with delight her 
new hook, "The Flute of the ( ioils." 
This is a powerful story of truly dra- 
matic interest, a tale of the American 
Indians and a hand of Spanish Ex- 
plorers. It is a beautiful and moving 
Indian romance, true to life, relating 
their traditions and presenting faithful 
pictures of their nation and habits. 
The hook is sure to he a greal favorite. 
It is finely illustrated. Frederick A. 
Stokes Co. fl.50. 

* » 

In "The Mystery of .Miss .Mode" by 
Caroline Alwaler Mason, the reading 

public will find a pleasing story with 
some charming people who come and 
go all too quickly. .Mrs. Mason has 
a way of making us love her heroes 
and heroines and thus wishing to see 

and know them better than is possible 

in one short volume. ".Miss Molte" 
proves a delightful study with just 
enough mystery in regard to her birth 
to make her interesting. Rev. Warner 
Tiffany, Hie clergyman who has world- 
ly ambitions, is well pictured and one 

grows to love It i in in spite of his mi 
saintliness. Also Mrs. Malt O'Brien 
and her husband, and the strange doc 

tor who comes from India. The hook 
conies from Hi" well known hoil?e of 
T-. c. Page & Co. 11.50. 




PHILIP EDMUNDSON BRADLEY 
Son of Mr. and Mrs. Harry Bradley 

A new volume of short stories hy 

Kipling, called "Ahaft the Funnel" at- 
tracted immediate attention upon the 
announcement from its publishers, !>. 

W. Dodge & Co. These are stories of 
India, of the sea. of Ainereican life, and 
all thorough Kipling tales. They are 
all worth reading and lovers of Kip 
liiifi everywhere will rejoice in the new 

volume. B. W. Dodge & Co. $1.50. 

* * 

A splendid volume is "The Gateway 

to the Sahara" hy Charles Wellington 

Furlong and put out by the Scribners. 

The "t ialew ay," little known, is Tripoli, 
last of the .Mohatnineadan stales in 
North Africa, and the writer having 
had special opportunities for visiting 
in this country, gives to the world 

the lirst anlhenl ic account of it. 0o« 
is given intimate pictures of this most 
native of P.arhary Capitals, its customs 
and industries, its people, politics and 
religion. The descriptions are vivid 
and the illustrations superb The hook 
is a valuable addition to one's library 
of travel in foreign lauds, ('has. Scrib- 
ner & Sons. |2.50. 

• * 

"Tlir Chrysalis" by Harold .Morion 



68 



THE MIDWESTERN 



Kramer is a most readable volume, full 
of life and action, of real people and of 
thrilling sentiment. In the character 
drawing of Seb Layton one finds some- 
thing rare and unusual for the modern 
novel. He is a hero worth while. 
Mexicans and Indians figure in the 
novel and the plot is laid in the south- 
west, where life moves quickly and the 
sun shines hot. The volume is hand- 
somely printed bv Lothrop Lee and 

Shephard. #1.50. 

* * 

France in the time of Louis XIII 
is the scene of Robert Barr's "Car- 
dillac," his best book since "Tekla," 
Victor de Cardillac young and splendid 
enough to win any woman's heart, is 
a young Gascon who attempts to res- 
cue the Queen's mother from the Castle 
of Blois. Thru this he is led into won- 
derful experiences which form the 
body of the story. The lovely woman 
whom he finally wins is one of the most 
fascinating heroines in the current 
novels. The story is dramatic in the 
extreme and will find many delight- 
ed readers. Frederick A. Stokes Co. 

11.50. 

* * * 

"Irene of the Mountains" is the best 
thing George Cary Eggleston has done 
in recent years. This is romance of 
Old Virginia. A woman leader in pol- 
itics is an unusual thing to find in a 
novel, but we have one here, in the 
splendid period preceding the Civil 
War, a woman to be admired and loved, 
political rivalries, the love making of 
many suitors, the fine description of 
southern life all go to making up an 
irrestible story, which will find the 
usual favor always accorded to Eg- 
gleston's books. Lothrop, Lee & Shep- 
ard. |1.50. 

* * * 

Theodore Roosevelt in his article in 
the January Scribner treats especially 
of hunting the hippo and leopard. He 
concludes his article with the follow- 
ing remarkable tribute to the climate 
of his hunting-ground: — 

"While in the highlands of British 
East Africa it is utterly impossible for 
a. stranger to realize that he is under 
the equator; the climate is delightful 
and healthy. It is a white man's coun- 
try, a country which should be filled 
with white settlers; and no place could 



be more attractive for visitors. There 
is no more danger to health incident 
to an ordinary trip to East Africa than 
there is to an ordinary trip to Riviera. 
Of course, if one goes on a hunting- 
trip there is always a certain amount 
of risk, including the risk of fever, just 
as there would be if a man camped out 
in some of the Italian marshes. But 
the ordinary visitor need have no more 
fear of his health than if he were trav- 
elling in Italy, and it is hard to imag- 
ine a trip better worth making than 
the trip from Mombassa to Nairobi and 

on to the Victoria Nyanza." 

# # * 

There are many indications that the 
historical novel is returning to public 
favor. In the first place, one of the 
best judges of serial stories in New 
York finds that the readers of the sev- 
eral fiction magazines, for which he 
selects stories, welcome the story with 
the historical background. Then again, 
those publishers who have issued his- 
torical novels this autumn report an 
active demand on the part of book- 
purchasing public. Such stories as 
Maud Wilder Goodwin's eighteenth 
century romance, "Veronica Playfair," 
William Lindsay's twelfth century 
novel, "The Severed Mantle," Robert 
Barr's story of France in the time of 
Louis XIII, "Cardillac," are attaining 
deserved popularity and another crop 
of historical romances may be expected 
next spring. 

MUSIC NOTES 

Mrs. D. F. Given s gave a private re- 
cital on the afternoon of December 
14th, for a few of her pupils, their par- 
ents and friends at the Guest Aeolian 
Hall. Among those taking part were 
Misses Florence Loomis, Erma Moore, 
Esther • Kruidenier, Marjory Strock, 
Alice Durham, Julian Minassian, Mere- 
dith Given, Hortense and Adeline Gut- 
freund and three pupils of the voice; 
Miss Iva Gilbertson, who has a very 
promising mezzo soprano voice; Miss 
Hazel Bennett of Pleaisantville, a high 
soprano, with bird-like notes of much 
sweetness, and Miss Louise Feiss, a low, 
rich voice that will develop into a fine 
mezzo. The recital gave fine evidence 
of the careful preparation which al- 
ways characterizes the work of Mrs. 
Give'iis. 





Secretary, Iowa Department of Agriculture 



..N CENTS 
Jl COVY 



OCTOBER, 1910 



ONE "DOLLAR 
A YEA<R 



Congratulations 

From Friends 



Congratulations are being extended to the 
Manager of the DES MOINES WATER CO., by 
his host of friends in the middle west. After 
spending one-half the sum it would take to build the 
Walnut Street bridge, the City of Des Moines has 
discovered what could' have been discovered amic- 
ably and without expense, and as a result the find- 
ing of the court is to the effect that the Company's 
rates shall remain the same. This victory for the 
Company is an all important one. 

The pure and abundant supply of water in 
Des Moines is a matter of comment by all who have 
ever visited the city and a matter of pride to all good 
citizens of Des Moines. 

The appreciation of the people in regard to 
this splendid feature of our civic and physical life 
has caused them to rejoice in the victory implied in 
the decision just handed down by the Master in 
Chancery, George F. Henry. 



New Fire-Proof Storage Warehouse 



OF THE 



Merchants Transfer and Storage Co. 



m j 





55- 

I5iajjaiaaiii«ii* 



■» »M IDMH] la 




The Officers of the 

Merchants Transfer and Storage Co. 

cordially invite the public to call 

October 8th, 1910 

and inspect their splendid new quarters in their new 
building at the 

Corner of 9th and Mulberry Streets 



Please Mention "The Midwestern" in Answering Ads. We Would Appreciate It. 

1 




C. J. McCONVILLE, W. E. ENGLISH, GEO. F. VAN SLYCK 
President Vice Pres. & Mgr. Sec'y & Treaa. 



The Grand Dept Store Co. 

IOWA'S FASTEST GROWING STORE 



The Home of The-Vanville-Line 

Exploiting the newest foreign crea- 
tions in Gowns, Suits, Coats and 
Dresses. 

"The Grand's" supremacy is an ac- 
knowledged fact. 

The Individuality and Distinctive- 
ness of each garment is plainly ap- 
parent. 

Exclusive Creations — no two alike. 



SPLENDID NEW STORE 

An event of no small importance dur- 
ing the month of September, was the 
opening of Carley's splendid new store at 
the corner of Seventh and Walnut, op- 
posite both Younkers' and Harris-Em- 
ery's. 

Congratulations are due both to the 
Carleys and to Des Moines, that the 
proprie:ors have faith in the city, war- 
ranting the establishment of such a store 
in Des Moines. Nothing so complete 
and elegant in its line has ever been 
seen outside of the great cities. On the 
reception night, thousands of visitors 
passed in and out, and the scene was a 
most beautiful one, all the tables and 



counters banked with flowers and the 
electric lights showing off the handsome 
furnishings to the best advantage. The 
store windows have been attractive to all 
passers-by, showing the most stunning 
things in suits, wraps, furs and hats. 
A most complete line of these garments 
is carried, also waists and separate skirts. 
Carley's is already one of the busiest 
and most popular places in town and ev- 
ery visitor to the store receives from 
both Mr. and Mrs. Carley, and in the 
fine lot of assistants, a welcome which is 
conducive to friendly interest in the store. 
A fine patronage already belonged to this 
establishment before a change of location 
was made and with the new customers, 
great success is surely awaiting them. 



Please Mention "The Midwestern" in Answering Ads. We Would Appreciate It. 



WITH THE EDITOR 



A Correction 
or Two 



Through some 
inadvertence, mis- 
takes will creep in- 
to the magazine, 
and this month we find that the credit of 
being President of the Neal Institutes 
Co. is given to Senator Bruce, when in 
truth he is the treasurer of the Company 
and Dr. Neal is the President. 

Then we have omitted the name of 
''Hostetler" from the pictures of Isabel 
Baylies and Mrs. Sefren. Both of these 
lovely portraits came from the Hostetler 
studio. 



eral of the great journals, as this is the 
time of year the prospective home build- 
er gets ready and keeps getting ready for 
several months. We shall be glad of 
help in this department, and if any of our 
readers have some pretty pictures of 
Iowa homes, won't you let us have them? 



Our regular club department will be- 
gin next month, as most of the clubs are 
now opening for winter's work. Any 
news along this line will be appreciated, 
especially news of rural clubs in the mid- 
dle west. 



We were glad to note the splendid suc- 
cess attending the military tournament. 
It reflected great credit upon all concern- 
ed and was a veritable treat to visitors. 
Mr. Geis Botsford came in for a big 
share of the congratulations, as he was 
the moving spirit which brought the 
tournament to the city. 



After the splendid reception accorded 
our double number of the magazine, sure- 
ly a word of gratitude is due our friends 
all over America. It is you who make 
our work worth while and inspire us to 
greater effort. Every reader of the 
magazine has his part in creating. For 
you help to create its possible develop- 
ment in those who edit and publish it. 
For the success attained thus far, we 
thank every reader and friend. 



Next month we are going to show you 
some pretty homes, exterior and interior 
also give you some houses and plans, 
with timely building suggestions. In 
choosing a fall number for this special 
feature, we but follow the custom of sev- 



Occasionally we are especially request- 
ed to review some book and are glad to 
have such requests. Our book depart- 
ment in the next two issues will be of 
great interest and will indicate to our 
friends the books for Christmas gifts, 
also the periodicals one should choose for 
the coming year. We have had great 
encouragement in developing this depart- 
ment. 



The Midwestern is always glad it is 
alive when somebody writes or says, 
'"you have helped me." This should 
be the aim of every true project of every 
true life, to help others. We have had 
several such letters of late. Be assured 
that we want to be helpful— to extend 
courage and inspiration to all. In so 
doing we grow stronger for our own 
difficulties. For we all seem to have 
stumbling blocks, once in awhile, do we 
not? Our great life lesson is to learn 
that they do not in reality exist and that 
to the true self all accomplishment is 
possible, and to rejoice along our way. 
Carolyn M. Ogilvie 



THE MIDWESTERN 

is especially proud of the following 
testimonial from Jacob Beck, manager 
of the Globe Coal Company. 

August 11, 1910. 

Let me congratulate you on the occasion of your 
fifth birthday. The Midwestern is certainly the best 
booster for Des Moines that the city has ever had. 
It sets forth the good things we have in such attract- 
ive shape, both in pictures and well written articles, 
that every outsider must be favorably impressed. You 
are doing a great thing for our business interests. 
I wish you long life and continued success. 

Very cordially yours, 




Mr. Beck is well known in Des Moines 
as a straight forward, level-headed 
business man, whose word is as good 
as gold. His judgment is of the most 
conservative, and is thus of especial 
value to us. Such a word of appre- 
ciation fills us with gratitude. 

Reader, do you ta\e The Midwestern} 

If not let us have your name at once. Help 

the cause of promoting Des Moines 

interests and of creating loyalty to 

our city. 

Come in Before October First 



Please Mention "The Midwestern" in Answering Ads. We Would Appreciate It. 

4 



Southern Car Company 



BUILDERS OF 



All Types City and Interur= 
ban Electric Cars 

HIGH POINT, NORTH CAROLINA 




Cars furnished with Trucks and 
Electric Equipment and Install 
ed at Car Shops ready to oper= 
ate on delivery. Prices, Speci= 
fications and drawings prompt= 
ly furnished. 

Southern Car Company 

HIGH POINT, NORTH CAROLINA 



Please Mention "The Midwestern" in Answering Ads. We Would Appreciate It. 

E 



KINDLY WORDS 
FROM SOME OF OUR FRIENDS 

Allow me to congratulate you upon the fifth birthday anniversary of The Midwestern, 
and permit me to express my appreciation of your splendid accomplishment in producing 
a periodical which has proven a pleasure to so many of your friends and has rendered 
so great a service in assisting in advertising and building up the City of Des Moines. 

That the success attained has been through and from your personal energy and abil- 
ity is understood, and I sincerely hope for The Midwestern and its publisher a contin- 
uation of success and prosperity. 

MRS. G. D. ELLYSON. 

I am pleased to express my appreciation of the good work you have done for the 
upbuilding of our splendid city, through the Midwestern. A magazine devoted to the live 
issues, and one most vigorously edited. A publication most loyal to Des Moines and all 
Iowa. Could one say more unless it would be that we are not surprised at the successful 
accomplishment. Knowing your great ability to "do things" — please accept my congratu- 
lations. 

ELIZA COX MITCHELL. 

The Midwestern is worthy of the support of Iowans. It is a fine medium for Iowa 
news in condensed form. Several columns devoted to the work of women makes the maga- 
zine of especial value to club workers. The illustrations are unusually good and add much 
to the general attractiveness of the magazine. 

MARY T. WATTS. 

With each succeeding number of The Midwestern its value as a booster agency has 
impressed me, I suppose because I have such a desire to have all of my own folks, and 
other Des Moines friends who are now living in distant cities, see it. It is certainly a 
credit to Des Moines, as well as to the Brain and hand that directs it. The pictures 
represent the best we have, in our industrial, commercial and social life, while the glimpses 
of civic beauty are a source of pride to all of us who love our city. Success to The Mid- 
western and to its enterprising editor, whose ambition to boost Des Moines we all ap- 
plaud. 

ANNA ROSS-CLARK. 

I sometimes come across a copy of The Midwestern far from home and always I 
rind that it has made friends for Des Moines. Aside from its constant presentation of the 
commercial and civic advantages of the city, there is always a glimpse of the beauty of 
the place, the river, the shaded street, the artistic interior — these attract. And pietoria.lly, 
it certainly has boosted the fair women and brave men, and the babies of Des Moines 
as they never have been boosted before. j 

MRS. C. H. PATCHIN. 

Among the many potentialities which have conspired toward the upbuilding and beau- 
tifying of our Capital City in its upward struggle to civic beauty and health, no one thing 
has been more helpful than the work done by that most excellent magazine of appre- 
ciation — The Midwestern. 

ELLA R. HARDIN, 

Ames Times. 

The Midwestern is certainly a welcome visitor into every home where it has once 
been accepted. It comes with its good cheer, its wealth of magnificent pictures and has 
introduced its readers into many of the handsomest homes in Des Moines. It has also 
made the people of Iowa acquainted with most of the leading business and professional 
men as well as the enterprising citizens of the Capitol City, and has given glimpses into 
the family life of many of the prominent people. 

The faces and poses of the beautiful children that have appeared upon its pages have 
touched the hearts of all who love children and the social life of the city has brought ap- 
proving smiles to many faces as the clear, well made cuts have presented some of the 
leaders in the whirl of social life. Yes, I think the Midwestern is a first-class booster 
and has done much during the five years of its career to prove its right, to an existence 
and to demonstrate that the reading public enjoys illustrated articles. The city of Des 
Moines has been most artistically and adroitly put into circulation through the publication 
known as the Midwestern and its enterprising editor deserves the gratitude of all of Iowa 
who delight in the wealth and enterprise of its Capitol City. 

HARRIETTE SEWARD HURD. 

I have taken much pleasure in reading your beautiful magazine. I am impressed 
with the amount of labor necessary to produce such a publication, I wish to express my 
appreciation and extend my congratulation on the success of your efforts. You have maae 
a monthly magazine which has been a great credit to our state. 

MRS. LAFAYETTE YOUNG. 

In the scope and breadth of the literature, beautiful illustrations of Des Moines streets, 

buildings and representative people and their homes, it is my opinion, dear Mrs. Ogilvie, 

The Midwestern 's presenting the facts and thus boosting Des Moines in a most pleasing 

and lasting manner. _ _^^ 

CLARA BLANCHE WINGATE. 




SEVENTH AND WALNUT 
Devoted to the Exclusive Sale of 

WOMEN'S and MISSES' 

OUTER APPAREL and MILLINERY 

THE STORE BEAUTIFUL 



CARPET CLEANING 

D. C CARNAHAN 

MUTUAL 1S41 IOWA 90 X 

764 Ninth Street, DES MOINES, IOWA 



PLACE YOUR 



Season's Order for 
ICE 

WITH THE 

CONSUMER'S ICE CO. 



PROMPT AND CAREFUL SERVICE GUAR- 
ANTEED BEST QUALITY OF ICE 



Both Phones 1785 



Order a Case Today 

Through Your Dealer 
or Distributor 



The 

Master 

Brew 




BOTH PHONES 247 



THe IVeflex 

in tHe Home 

The best Lamp 

for every home purpose is 

The Reflex 

For the Dining Room, in a leaded glass dome or on wall 
brackets, it is ideal In the L,iving Room, over the 
table, it gives a perfect light for reading or sewing. 
Hung high in the Hall, with attractive glassware, it is 
good to look at and good to see by. In the Bedroom or Bathroom it suits 
any fixture, gives a perfect light and needs no matches, and in the Kitchen 
it gives a flood of light downward where you need it. It gives more light 
for less money than any other lamp. 

Price, Complete, The Reflex soon 

$2.00 pays for itself 

DES MOINES GAS COMPANY 




A STORY ABOUT DOLLIVER 



Senator Dolliver, who borrowed a 
dress suit from Postmaster Thomas to 
attend the Roosevelt banquet, returned 
the raiment to the owner at the same 
time writing this letter : 

"Last night at the dead hour of mid- 
night I gave up your clothes. I want 
o thank you. They not only served 
to make me look like the rest, but 
there is in them a certain ethical qual- 
ity which enabled me to mingle with 
the congregation which came to Omaha 



to hear our great preacher of right- 
eousness without feeling out of place. 
They gave me a certain immunity from 
seeming strange, which is really re 
markable when you consider the sur- 
roundings. I was hungry and ye fed 
me ; I was naked and ye clothed me ill 
fine raiment ; I was the stranger within 
thy gates, and ye took me in and made 
me feel like a yearling colt in Nebras- 
ka alfalfa pastures." 



IOWA PHONE WALNUT 2212 



MUTUAL PHONE 290 



GLENWOOD COAL COMPANY 

414 EIGHTH STREET 

DES MOINES, IOWA 



Please Mention "The Midwestern" in Answering Ads. We Would Appreciate It. 

8 



Des Moines' Three Leading 
Modistes Are Here 



MME. SMITH MME. ORA KING 

MME. GREEMORE 



Designers and Dressmakers of the Highest Talent, 
whose garments carry the utmost beauty and charm 



THE HARRIS-EMERY CO. 

DES MOINES, IOWA 



POPULAR HAIR DRESSING PARLORS 



On the first of September, Miss 
O'Neill opened parlors in the Fleming 
building for the purpose of presenting 
the Harper method of caring for the 
hair to the ladies of Des Moines and 
Iowa. The Harper method is in use 
in ninety cities of America and Eu- 
rope and is conceded by scientists and 
leading men in the medical profession 
to be the best and most scientific 
method in the world of treating the 
scalp and hair. Miss O'Neill comes di- 
rectly from the school where the sys- 
tem is taught and is an expert, as all 
can testify who have received the 
treatment in Des Moines. Her rooms 
are elegantly fitted up with the finest 
appliances for her work. The treat- 
ment consists of either wet or dry 



shampoo, thorough massage of the 
scalp, drying of the hair, brushing and 
application of the celebrated Mascaro 
tonic used only in the Harper method. 
Already the women of Des Moines who 
value a healthy scalp and beautiful 
hair are giving Miss O'Neill their pat- 
ronage and she feels fully warranted 
in her faith in Des Moines which 
caused her to open up a business here. 
There are too many places where per- 
fectly ignorant and inexperienced 
hands attempt such work and one 
treatment will convince anybody that 
Miss O'Neill is an expert and thor 
oughly understands her business. Miss 
O'Neill's parlors are on the sixth floor 
of the Fleming building. 



LEARN WIRELESS AND R. R. TELEGRAPHY ! Shortage of fully 10,000 Operators on 
account of 8-hour law and extensive "wireless' 1 developments. We operate under direct super- 
vision of Telegraph Officials and positively place all students when qualified. Write for catalogue. 
NAT'L TELEGRAPH INST., Cincinatti. Philadelphia, Memphis, Davenport, la.. Columbia, S. C, Portland, Ore. 



Pltase Mention "The Midwestern" in Answering Ads. We Would Appreciate It. 

9 



KINDLY WORDS FROM SOME OF OUR FRIENDS 

To be known as the center of the richest territory the sun shines on. 

J. M. CALLANDER. 
What Des Moines most needs in my opinion in order to become a city of 200,000 in 
ten years, is not so much people, but MEN. Not just earth beings of the male persuasion, 
but real men, true, honest, "Do Things" men with civic spirit and nerve— men who can 
forget past things and who can boost with the true unselfish booster spirit. Men true to 
their own city and state — honest in their claims and dealings, with spirits that build 
cities and nerve to stay by our own city of Des Moines in face of every criticism and 
every emergency. I 

Des Moines needs men who are not afraid to break away from the prejudices and 
traditions of the dead past and become "Blazers of the trail" — pioneers in doing things. 
New things, different things than their fathers and grandfathers have done. Men with 
the spirit of the manufacturer — the maker of things — the builder. Men who will get 
out of the political filth and stop squabbling over a few unimportant political jobs and 
who will enter the manufacturing arena ana make something of use to their fellow men- 
become producers, not merely leaches living on the productions of others, and at the same 
time make for themselves name, fame and fortune. 

Men who aie not asking for favors u id bonuses but who only ask for themselves 
an opportunity in this City of Opportunities to show what they can do and who seek 
Des Moines for the good that Des Moines can do for them. Not cringing, cowardly, 
whining men who lack nerve to strike out for themselves, but real, true, manly men 
of size — men with class — real, big, strong men. 

And with such men as this Des Moines will grow — grow big — grow good — grow honest 
— grow in manufacturing — grow in jobbing — grow in retailing and will be as she should be, 
the pride of the State of Iowa and the Nation. 

The great thing of a city is its spirit. Ask the recent new manufacturers why they 
came to Des Moines. They answer, "its spirit." Chicago without spirit would be a swamp, 
but with it she says, "I will' and does. Spirit or pride in their city has made Kansas 
City the City of Boulevards — has made St. Louis the great manufacturing center — has 
made Los Angeles, Denver, Seattle and other cities of this class, therefore, I say, give 
us men of spirit that will "do things" and then watch us grow. 

C. S. WALKER. 
The Midwestern is one of the snappiest and most interesting monthly magazines that 
come to this office. The illustrations are carefully selected and are unusually fine. The 
magazine bears all the earmarks of push and enterprise, and I daresay it has been a suc- 
cessful exponent of your provincial wares. 

With grateful appreciation of its merits, I am, 

Yours very truly, A. B. LIPSCOMB. 

Referring to your Midwestern magazine, beg to advise that we have received this regu- 
larly and consider it a splendid advertising medium for the beautiful and progressive city 
of Des Moines. We would be pleased to be continued on your mailing list, in return 
for "Greater Dayton" which we are sending you regularly. 

W. B. MOORE. Yours very truly, 
I take great pleasure in writing you a line, expressing my appreciation and pleasure 
in reading your "Mid Western" magazine. I shall always have a practical and strong per- 
sonal interest in everything that hails from imperial old Iowa. 

JOE MITCHELL CHAPPLE. 

Allow me to congratulate you on your success in giving us a magazine so admirably 
adapted to your field. ' 

I wish you continued success in all your future efforts. 

HENRY WALLACE. 



LOOK 



Mr , and wife, 

STOP I y° ur son » your daughter, all 
ought to have an Aetna Life 
Policy. Write Hughes about 
LISTEN | it today. 

If you can sell Insurance 

_ better write for contract and 

commissions. We Pay You Well. 

GEO. W. HUGHES, Manager 
Aetna Life Insurance Co. ft O**"*"' 

402 Iowa Loan & < i&"^*-'"** -"'""* 

Trust Bldg. ^ »V*--"' ...-■•'"" ..--"" 

Des Moines \'''' •-"*»v* 



CHASED." 

By Witter Bynner. 
Luck was the lass he chased, 

Seeking the wide world over, 
But she laughed his love to waste 

With many a lighter lover. 
Now, tho his life is paid 

And no more shall he love her, 
Luck loves, like any jade, 

One who is careless of her. 

Now where he lies abed 

And never stirs the cover, 

And never turns his head — 
She will not leave her lover. 



613 WALNUT 613 WALNUT 

Walker Shoe Co. 

For Styles and Good Wearing Shoes 

Cousins' Shoes for Ladies in the 
new short Vamps and High 
Heels, also carried in Low 
Heels and all widths. :=: :=: 



Mail Orders Promptly 
Filled. 



We Give S & H. Trad= 
ing Stamps 



We sell the best Line of 
MEN'S SHOES in the 
world for $3.50 = $4.00= 
$5.00, including Custom 
Made Shoes. 



No Foot too Small 



No Foot too Large 



Special Attention Given to 
Fitting Children 



Please Mention "The Midwestern" in Answering Ads. We Would Appreciate It. 

11 



Latest Millinery Modes 

Correct Styles 

SUSIE BRADLEY 

=703 WEST LOCUST ST. 




The Midwestern Magazine-:- 



OCTOBER -1910 



Entered at Des Moines 'Post Office as Second Class Matter 

ONE DOLLAR PER YEAR 



Copyrighted 1910, All Rights Reserved 

TEN CENTS PER COT>Y 






Table of Contents 






The Human Side of Farming 17 

His Murderers, [Story] —Fred Jackson |9 

Little Miss Cloud, [Poetry] —Tacitus Hussey 23 

Early Settlers Tacitus Hussey 24 

The Working out of an Ambition 30 

New Officers for the Anchor Fire Insurance Company 34 

Three Pictures I Have Seen - George J. T)elmege 38 

A Great Institution 41 

Our Library Table 47 

Symposium on the Coal and Fuel Question- John P. White, J. P. Reese, E. L. Lloyd 58. 64 

Music in Des Moines 80 



12 



A GREAT many people of Des Moines and of the state of Iowa 
visit the Younker rug and carpet department merely for the pleasure it gives them to ex- 
amine and admire the beautiful floor coverings exhibited there every day of the year. The fact 
is significant of the department's leadership in floor coverings of quality and character. A rug 
and carpet department broad enough in scope, sterling enough in quality and magnificent enough 
to partake of the nature of an exhibition, is a splendid place surely to select the floor coverings 
that are to make the home a place of beauty, that are to give character and individuality to the 
ensemble of drapings and decorations. 

The combined effect of furnishings, hangings and decoration is based upon the floor 
coverings, depends upon them for perfect harmony of color and arrangement. This 
department specializes in sizes, qualities and lines of rugs and carpets. Only the best 
lines are carried, the newest designs and colorings and a complete range of sizes. If odd 
sizes or any not carried in stock are required, they can be furnished out of any line we 
carry. 

CONNOISSEURS of Oriental rugs depend upon this department for 
guidance in the selection of the rich products of the looms of the Orient. The title of 
"Headquarters for Orientals" is quite properly applied to Younkers and it has been earned by 
years of leadership in Oriental rugs and carpets. Comprehensive selections, then unquestioned 
quality and years of experience in successfully distributing floor coverings of character are some 
of the features of Iowa's greatest carpet and rug department. Another is moderateness of price, 
quality considered. If your floor coverings come from Younkers they are the best you can get 
for the money you spend. 

YOUNKER BROTHERS 



Quality 
Goods 




It's time you knew, if you don't know, that there is just one 
store in Des Moines where you may absolutely depend upon getting 
the best traveling goods whether a Trunk, liag or Suit Case. 

In addition to being the leaders in these we have every article 
that is made in small leather goods — Purses, Hand Bags, Cases of 
all kinds, Dog Collars, Diief Cases and Music Rolls and Folds. 



HARVEY-LONG TRUNK COMPANY 



621 WALNUT STREET 



THE LEATHER GOODS STORE 



Please Mention "The Midwestern" in Answering Ads. We Would Appreciate It. 

13 



LEADING MODISTES AND LADIES' TAILORS IN DES MOINES 



<MRS. K. B. SHANTZ, 

With 

YOUNKER BROS. 

Dressmaking and Designing. 

0=0=9 

Fancy blouses and party 

gowns a specialty. 

Latest and Most Correct Styles 



™ Fashionable 
Dress Maying Parlors 

ELIZABETH FLETCHER 

MOTiISTE 



607 Forest Ave. 



Mutual Phone 1 846 



Madame Schermerhorn 



with 



YOUNKER BROS. 

Dress and Suit Making in all the 
Latest and Most Approved Styles 

All the Foreign Books. 







M. GOLDSTEIN 

Of The Parisian Ladies Tailoring Co. 






Seven Reasons Why You Should 
Patronize Goldstein 



[owa. 



1. He is the leading Ladies Tailar in Iowa. 

2. His garments have the distinctive "Gold- 



stein Style". 

3. He is prompt and accurate. 

4. His stock is complete and of good variety 

5. He guarantees satisfaction. 

6. His prices are reasonable. 






The most stunning looking women in Iowa 



ear Goldstein Suits. 






FASHION NOTES. 

The sleeve seam does not show in 
fashionable gowns. The sleeve is 
cither cut with the waist, or if sewed 
in, the scam is covered in some way 

witli pleats or trimming. 

* * * 

In Paris, all dresses are short, at 
present, even the most elaborate even- 
ing gowns. Trains are seen only on 
the dresses of very stout women or of 
those past middle age. 



Heads of all sizes, shapes and colors 
arc used lavishly in the new trim- 
mings. Tinsel thread is also used in 
embroidery. 

* * * 

Brocaded silks and satins, also print- 
ed chiffon, are in high favor for elabo- 
rate gowns. Satins are also used for 
evening and they may be veiled or un- 
veiled, at the wearer's pleasure. 

The showing in Des Moines stores of 
the new brocaded and figured silks 




Beautiful Tall Suits 

Tailored to your 
individual measure 

Every garment positive- 
ly guaranteed to fit. 

ID. J\. Vita, Ladies Tailor 

OVER 610 WALNUT STREET 



Sample of llie Season's Styles 



lias been most attractive and the sales 
well patronized. No finer stock of 
silks can be seen in the great cities 
than was shown on Des Moines coun- 
ters during September, 



The dressing of one's feet demands 
more attention than ever before in the 
history of womankind. This has been 
brought about by the wearing of very 
short dresses, and the low shoes, which 
are worn all winter except on the 
street. Stockings must be selected 
with care as to quality and color, and 
the shoe must be of good style and fit. 
Des Moines lias several good shoe 
houses where ready made boots and 
shoes can be had of all styles and tex- 
tures. This is a big saving, as foot- 
wear made to order is always ex- 
pensive. 



Dress skirts have not been so narrow 
as at present for many years. Even 
the tailored skirts are none too wide 
for walking freely. The hobble skirts 
have been ignored in Paris and it 
seems they are really worn only by 
foolish Americans. 



This is a fine season for making over 
old dresses into new. Almost anything 
can be combined and if one has not 
sufficient material in the two dresses, 
a third material may be added. 

Blue is the leading color — blue in all 
shades both light and dark — for street, 
house and party gowns. Drown is a 
close second. Coarse weaves in wool 
goods are most popular for tailored 
suits. 



JOHN SIMPSON AND THE 
STATE FAIR 



In any special achievement for either 
private or public purposes, to some one 
moving spirit is due the honor of success. 
And all who are familiar with the history 
of our Iowa State Fair during the past de- 
cade will at once concede that its signal suc- 
cess for several years back, and especially 
of the one just passed, for the year 1910, is 
owing in a measure to the splendid effort of 
John C. Simpson, Secretary of the Board 
of Directors for the Iowa State Fair. The 
Directory Board is made up of men of big 
ideas and of good intentions for Iowa. But 
they have other interests which demand 
their time and attention. Mr. Simpson has 
given time, attention, thought and unflag- 
ging work to the planning and carrying out 
of plans for the fair, with a greater object 
in view than simply giving us a greater fair 
than can be produced by any other state in 
the union. He wanted to show the people 
of Iowa what magnificent resources belong 
to us as a state, what superior power of pro- 
duction we already possess and to indicate 
the huge possibilities of our future. I, for 
one, believe that such a state fair as we have 
just enjoyed has done more to unify and in- 
spire the people of Iowa than all the boost- 
er clubs and talk of boosting we have ever 
h<-.d in Iowa. The fair proved to the people 
that we have something to be proud of, that 
we need not blush to call ourselves Iowans; 
that we can hold our own among the other 
commonwealths of the nation. The fair has 
made Iowans proud of Iowa. It has stir- 
red a new sense of a proud brotherhood 
among the sons of Iowa. And to Mr. 
Simpson I believe is largely due the honor. 

Why may we not look to Mr. Simpson 
for our next Governor of Iowa in the year 
11)12? His candidacy would meet with en- 
thusiastic support all over the state — C.M.O. 



J 



The Midwestern 



VOLUME V 



OCTOBER, 1910 



NUMBER 2 



THE HUMAN SIDE OF FARMING 



James "Wilson — a tall, gaunt man. 
He peers sharply at you from under 
shaggy eyerows, but he gives you a 
warm hand-grasp. He does not snap 
at you, as do some very busy men, with 
a "Well, what's your business?" 
He patiently waits a moment for you 
to state it. He probably asks you to 
sit down. He listens courteously to 
what you have to say. When he begins 
to reply, he does not jump at conclu- 
sions, for he has doubtless asked you to 
explain yourself very fully. He com- 
pliments you, he flatters you, by his at- 
tention. 

A really great man always does that. 
Tn your own estimation or in that of 
others you may be "small potatoes." 
But some day you find yourself in the 
presence of a Lincoln or of a Bishop 
Brooks. Suddenly you find yourself 
talking away with surprising freedom. 
Perhaps, too, you startle yourself by 
defining your inmost thoughts with an 
undreamt-of distinctness. You are 
rather alarmed at this discovery. Then 
you realize that the greater nature be- 
fore you has, unconsciously to you, 
made you declare yourself and define 
yourself as never before — in other 
words, has made you show your best 
self. 

Now, Secretary Wilson is no Lincoln, 
although he has some of Lincoln's 
quaint humor. He is not Phillips 
Brooks, though he has some of Phillips 
Brooks's infinite patience. He is just 
himself. 

He begins to reply very slowly, and, 
apparently for your sake if you are a 
tyro in his special subjects, as I am, in 
words of one syllable, so that you can 
"understand. His language may be sim- 



ple. But it is also shrewd. For James 
Wilson is a canny Scot. 

Seventy-five years ago he was born 
in Ayrshire, Scotland. When he was 
seventeen years old, his parents came 
to this country, and he with them. 
They settled in Connecticut, where for 
three years James had a taste of New 
England farming. Then he went West 
to Tama County, Iowa. Thenceforth, 
the boy became known as "Tama 
Jim." The title sticks to him now. 

His education was had in the public 
schools of Scotland and Connecticut 
and Iowa, and finally at Iowa College. 
When he was twenty-six years old, he 
definitely adopted farming as a profes- 
sion as well as a business. But that 
did not interfere with a natural taste 
for politics, and he became a member 
of the Twelfth, Thirteenth, and Four- 
teenth Assemblies of Iowa — the Assem- 
bly is the lower house of the Iowa Leg- 
islature. At one time he was Speaker 
of the Assembly. 

In 1873 his political activities took 
on a wider range, when he became a 
Member of Congress. He fulfilled this 
duty for four years. Then he became 
a member of the Iowa State Railway 
Commission, and remained in that serv- 
ice for six years. Then he became Re- 
gent of the State University of Iowa, 
and finally Professor of Agriculture in 
the Iowa Agricultural College at Ames. 

Here was an educational and politi- 
cal career of much use to the future 
Secretary. 

Thirteen years ago he entered upon 
his duties as Secretary of Agriculture. 
The first Secretary was N. J. Coleman, 
who was in office, however, but a few 
days. The second was Jeremiah M. 



18 



THE MIDWESTERN 



Rusk. The third was .!. Sterling Mor- 
ton, of Nebraska. All these men — 

especially the present Secretary — did 
yeoman's service in creating a new de- 
partment. Mr. Wilson simply applied 
to the Government department the 
common-sense notions learned on his 
own farm. So much for matter. Hut 
along with it went a simplicity of 
speech and a quick Scotch sense of hu- 
mor and shrewdness. The result of such 
matter and management made him the 
best-loved member of three Cabinets. 
If Mr. Wilson is proud of the fact that 
no Cabinet member lias ever had a 
longer tenure of office, he may he even 
prouder of the fact that no Cabinet 
member was ever more popular. He 
has made his Department popular, too. 
And why not ? Nothing like its pro- 




gress has ever been known in a Govern- 
ment department. Its Secretary has 

increased the country's agricultural 
wealth by billions of dollars. The 
methods of doing this, have they not 
been celebrated in successive depart- 
mental year-books? Are they not meth- 
ods of riddance — of getting rid of the 
caterpillar, the gypsy moth, the boll 
weevil, and all the other deadly in- 
sects, thus saving the crops from de- 
struction? Are they not methods of 
introduction — of alfalfa, of drum 
wheat, and of all the other grains and 
grasses which now diversify our crops? 
Are they not methods of intensification 
— the use of fertilizers, the deep plow 
ing, the spaced planting? Are they 
not methods of distribution — of rotary 
crops and intensified farming? 










Some well known lies Moines Men on a Fishing Trip at Woman Lake, Minn., last June 
A. friedlich, Charles Rommell, George llallel an.l Hen Ness asleep on the ground 



HIS MURDERERS 



Fred Jackson 



Courtney Van Court stirred rest- 
lessly in the big leather chair, opened 
his eyes, yawned, and leaped to his 
feet. The book that had been lying 
open on his lap crashed to the floor 
and lay there unheeded as his eyes 
fixed themselves wonderingly upon the 
clock. It was one o'clock! Some- 
thing had happened then — something 
must have happened! As swiftly as 
he had formulated the thought, he ban- 
ished it and smiled at himself for his 
absurdity — but it was rather a poor at- 
tempt at a smile. He crossed to the 
window and glanced down into the de- 
serted street. 

The wind was howling and moaning 
and whistling as it galloped madly 
through the town, driving the quiver- 
ing snowflakes before it; drifts of the 
slain piled up in no time, concealing 
the steps and the curbstones and cover- 
ing the streets ; there were no stars. A 
curious air of impending storm seemed 
to prevail outside and as Van Court ob- 
served it he wondered if it were re- 
sponsible for the premonitions he had 
vaguely felt — and had tried to banish. 
He was usually not given to entertain- 
ing nor considering premonitions, but 
— tonight — 

He broke, off sharply and glanced 
down as the panting of a motor drifted 
up to him, and an instant later he saw 
Wildairs descend, beat his way across 
the pavement through a foot or more 
of snow, and enter the vestibule. Van 
Court turned, already beginning to feel 
relieved at the sight of the other man, 
and waited — his eyes fixed curiously 
upon the doorway. But wonder and 
alarm swept back into his eyes as Wild- 
airs stepped inside the door and con- 
fronted him; for Wildairs was ghastly 
pale, and his gray eyes held the dead 
light that mean physical and mental 
exhaustion. 

He crossed without a word to the 
cellaret in the corner, poured out a 
sherry glass full of whisky and tossed it 



off. Then he brushed his hand wearily 
back over his dark hair and turned, 
gripping the back of a big chair that 
stood before him. 

"Something has happened," he said 
in a low voice, "a dreadful thng — " 
His eyes bade Van Court to be pre 
pared, and Van Court nodded, with a 
little tightening of the lines about his 
mouth, a little straightening of the 
shoulders, answering the look, rather 
than the words. 

"Well?" he asked swiftly. 
"Kenney — was stabbed outside the 
church tonight — by a woman — and in 
stantly killed." 

"Kenney!" whispered Van Court, 
his face turning gray-white, and then 
hs voice failed him utterly, and the two 
men stared into each other's eyes in si- 
lence. And after a very lone time, 
Wildairs ecame aware of the water 
dripping from his coat to the pale-blue 
silk rug that lay beneath his feet, and 
he struggled out of the wrap uncer- 
tainly and rang for his man to come 
and take it. Van Court sank down into 
the big leather chair again, and sat 
there huddled together, his head braced 
upon his hands, and he whispered to 
himself almost mechanically: "My 
God ! My God ! . 

The valet appeared from the bed- 
room beyond, carried away Wildair's 
discarded garments and returned al- 
most instantly with an ornate dressing 
gown and a pair of slippers to match. 
Wildairs shuddered slightly as his eyes 
fell upon them, but he put them on and 
advanced close to the fire, leaning 
against Ihe big Gothic chair that stood 
there. The valet disappeared. 

"I would have 'phoned to you," said 
Wildairs in an instant, as though an- 
swering some query, "but there wasn't 
any use. She had given him three good 
wounds before we could intervene. Any 
one of them would have been fatal. He 
didu 't even speak. . " 

Van Court repeated: "Three wounds 



20 



THE MIDWESTERN 



— he didn't speak!" in a curiously par- 
rotlike voice. Then he roused hmself, 
aparently, and cried: "Tell me. about 
it — everything — every word ! ' ' 

Wildairs nodded slowly. 

"The dinner went off as rehearsal 
dinners always do. Everyone was sorry 
you couldn't be there. Then we drove 
to the church. Kenneth descended first, 
and while I was following him, a rag- 
ged, unkempt creature, who had been 
shivering under the street light, ap- 
proached him and asked for alms. He 
thrust his hand into his pocket — and 
then — she stabbed him." 

"A beggar woman?" cried Van 
Court, staring. 

"No — not a beggar woman. Nancy 
Shannon — gotten up as a beggar wom- 
an. You 11 not recognize her name, 
most likely. She's a 'pony' — a little 
dancer at the Herald Square — aged 
nineteen." 

Van Court breathed a low groan and 
shook his head. 

" Eleanor e and Mrs. Dane were still 
in the motor, gathering their furbelows 
together. When I heard the girl cry 
out — she did cry out after she had stab- 
bed him — I turned. I took in the situ- 
ation at a glance, and simply calling 
'wait,' I closed the motor door upon 
the two other women and rushed to 
Kenney's side. But the girl — seeing 
him lying there in the snow — had 
thrown herself on her knees beside him 
and was holding him in her arms and 
weeping over him. Then Eleanore de- 
scended unassisted — with her mother 
behind her. Fortunately, we were the 
only ones in the street. Kenneth opened 
his eys once — looked from Nancy to 
Eleanore — then at me — and — that was 
all. . Can you imagine anything 
more theatrical — more — impossible?" 

Van Court was staring into the fire 
with brooding eyes. 

"We got him into the church and 
laid him out upon the nearest seat. 
They had already begun to decorate 
for tomorrow. The pulpit was banked 
with green and white — the white satin 
ribbons were strung. And there lay 
Kenney — with an inscrutable look 
upon his face — with Nancy Shannon 
still kneeling beside him with her arms 
around him — and the girl he was to 



have married standing aloof with an 
immobile face. It was like a scene in 
one of those dreadful melodramas we 
used to see once in a while for a lark. 
It was too hideously grotesque — too 
absurd. I couldn't realize that it was 
true. Why — five minutes before — he 
he had been sitting beside me, the per- 
sonification of life and love and hap- 
piness. Five minutes before we had 
been on our way to the church to re- 
hearse for his wedding to Eleanore 
Dane. Then — the past reached out its 
hand—" 

"What have you done?" asked Van 
Court, interrupting. 

"I sent Kenney ack to Dane's — the 
papers will say that he was stricken 
with acute indigestion at dinner — and 
died before relief could reach him. 
His presence in the Dane house will si- 
lence any scandal that might havB 
arisen. No one saw the attack, you 
see, but Eleanore and her mother and 
the girl and Simpson — and I. And 
Simpson has been connected with the 
Dane household for twenty-five years." 

"And — Eleanore?" 

"Either she doesn't realize — or — or 
she is utterly incapable of feeling. I 
have never seen any one behave in just 
that way. She seems — to consider it a 
personal affront— that he permitted his 
past affairs — to annoy her. And her 
one desire is to prevent a scandal." 

"You don't understand her." 

"I trust not," 

Van Court reached uncertainly for 
his pipe, lighted it and looked about 
him. His eye fell upon a picture that 
hung above the low bookcase — the pic- 
ture of a young man — done in oils. He 
had a rather fine forehead, this boy, 
blue eyes that had a laugh hidden away 
in them, well-drawn lips, and fair hair 
carefully brushed. Even a casual ob- 
server, coming face to face with it, was 
apt to smile back— without any reason 
in the world. But Van Court', staring 
up at it, now, with agonized eyes, did 
not smile. 

"What have you done— with the girl 
—the other girl?" he asked in a low 
voice. 

Wildairs moved to the door of the 
bedroom, threw it open and called • 
"Come in!" ' ' 



HIS MURDERERS 



21 



And the next instant the girl came 
slowly forward, her hands clasped to- 
gether, her wide, dark eyes wandering 
from Wildair's face to Van Court's. 
She was a wretched looking creature — 
in the draggled, dirty rags that she had 
worn as disguise ; but she had thrown 
aside her hat, and her soft dark hair 
hung in a cloud of curls aout her white 
face; and she did not look nineteen. 
Van Court, staring, thought that he 
had never seen a more beautiful face. 

' ' Sit here — near the fire, ' ' said "Wild- 
airs, laying his hand upon the back of 
the carved Gothic chair. "You must be 
wet through — and cold." 

"It doesn't matter," said the girl in- 
differently. "I— I'd rather stand, 
please." But as he waited, without 
moving, she advanced with a little 
shrug and sank down into the chair. 
She looked pitifully slight and small in 
it — almost like a child — and the fire- 
light playing upon her white face turn- 
ed the eyes to ruddy bronze, and tinted 
the cheeks with color. It was a gypsy 
face now — the face of a free, happy-go- 
lucky wanderer — the face of a wood- 
land child. Anything but the face of 
a murderess. Van Court studied her, 
unbelieving. Wildair's face was ex- 
pressionless, but his voice, when he 
spoke, was gentle and his words were 
considerate. 

"Will you answer a few questions, 
Miss Shannon, please?" he asked. 
"Will you tell us — a little — about 
yourself — and your acquaintance with 
Kenneth?" 

She shivered slightly at the sound of 
his name, and clenched her small 
hands, and caught her lip between her 
teeth to stop a sob, but she raised her 
dark eyes wonderingly to his, as 
though to ask what right she had to 
deny him. And after an instant she 
nodded slowly, and drew a long un- 
steady breath. 

"How long — did you know him?" 
asked Wildairs slowly. 

"A year." Her voice was scarcely 
audible; her breast was stirring vio- 
ently beneath the discolored rags that 
covered her. 

"You were — his mistress?" Van 
Court put the question abruptly. 

She raised her big eyes to face him, 
and shrugged her shoulders. 



"I was everything," she said, "that 
a woman can be to a man. I loved him. 
I denied him nothing that I could 
give." She said it quite simply as 
though they, must understand, and the 
two men who had also loved him, and 
who had never denied him anything 
that they could give, looked at each 
other curiously, wondering if that 
might not have been the cause of the 
boy's downfall. It had been, always, 
as hard to govern Kenneth as it would 
be to mould sunshine. Since the time 
he had come to them — in his sixteenth 
year — they had tried to make him over 
—and they had failed ! He had lost his 
mother in infancy, and his father, 
thinking such a loss irretrie v able, had 
tried to make it up to him by forbear- 
ing to correct him. So in his childhood 
he had developed a selfishness, a will- 
fulness that the years seemed to 
strengthen. And when Grant, Senior, 
died, his love — great as it had been — . 
was wasted. He had never realized 
that as one grows older, one finds cor- 
rection more difficult and harder to en- 
dure. But even then, if Kenneth had 
had faith in Van Court and Wildairs 
he might have been saved — but he had 
no faith in them, and he refused to 
see life through their eyes. And they 
loved him too much to make him un- 
derstand. 

Of the three there in the room, the 
girl was the first to break the silence. 
She had observed the big picture that 
lie had done of himself the year before 
— and at the sight of it, her composure 
fled. She began to sob violently, her 
slight form shaking. 

"Don't," said Wildairs, gently lay- 
ing his hand upon her shoulder. 

"It's useless," added Van Court 
roughly. "You can't give him back 
what you've robbed him of — and you 
can't soften our hearts that way. You 
should have realized before you — mur- 
dered him !" 

"Murdered him!" she cried starting 
up, her face white, her eyes afire. "I 
didn't murder him. You did that — all 
of you — put together. My hand struck 
at him — but you others have been pre- 
paring the way — for years and years — 
and years." She stopped, her bosom 
heaving, and leaped to her feet. 

"lie was murdered before ever I met 



22 



THE MIDWESTERN 



him," she cried. "His fine strong bodj 
was there intact — yes — but the soul of 
him was poisoned beyond hope of sav- 
ing. Whoever planted those poisoned 
precepts in his mind and heart — that 
one murdered him — and that one will 
be compelled to expiate — and not I. 
There was the foundation for a man in 
him — a man whose name might have 
rung through the world — but you did 
not teach him to build. And he — who 
could learn only from those about him 
— he was too blind to see. Even I could 
not make him see — in the end. ... I 
told him that if we let our child come 
into the world — handicapped — lie and 
I must pay the penalty for any wrong 
it might do — not the child. And when 
he laughed at me — something went 
wrong inside me — and — I killed him. 1 
could let no other woman know him as 
I knew him. I could not endure to 
think of him in her arms — to think of 
his caressing her — to think of her bear- 
ing him children that woidd be more 
fortunate than ir.ire. I couldn't bear 



it. And now — 1 am 
my madness. I havi 

'"Death will not 1 
ment," said Wildairs 
give you up to justice- 



willing to pay for 

mi fear of death." 
be your punish- 
"We couldn't 
with your child 
— Kenney's child — unborn. Nor could 
we wait — and rob it of its mother — just 
when it most needs her. Your pen- 
ance must be life — years and years of 
ii — with your memories." 

Van Court nodded, his eyes alight; 
but he girl dropped on her knees be- 
fore the tire and buried her head in her 
arms. 

"No, no," she cried, "I'd rather die 
— I'd rather go into the earth with 
him. " 

"Yon must live," said Wildairs, "to 
make his child liked, respected, ad- 
mil ed — to make it what he might have 
been — but for too much loving." 

" I'nwise loving," whispered the girl 
softly. "One cannot love too much." 

"And we may be given another 
chance — we three who killed him," he 
added gravely. — Young's. 




1 >l-s Moines Public Library 




TACITUS HUSSEY 

Iowa's much loved Poet. Mr. Ilussev wrote the following poem during I he last summer's drouth 



LITTLE MISS CLOUD 



"Hold nut your cups," said Little Miss Myl My! Wlmi a scattering then there 

Cloud, was 

"I .1111 coming to visit you; Among the girls and boys! 

How thirrty yon look on the dry old Ani1 sllr laughed and laughed till her 

c<n h ii eyes brimmed o 'er 

... i , ■ , .. To see them leave their toys I 

(ink miiisti'iii (1 Ipv sister Dew. ... ,, , .,.',,■ , ,,. 

. . ' Mister Sun |>crpr(l out mini hi'liiiul .Miss 

I am coming to visit the earth once more, , ■ i , , , . i 

For the Sowers are Deeding a drink" Where he'd hid for half an hour; 

Then she turned her waterpol upside And the Wild Rose said to the Butter- 



down 
Before they had time to think ! 



(Hi. Gee! Wha1 a dandy shower!" 



EARLY SETTLERS— FATHERS AND SONS 



Tacitus Hussey 



E. P. Chase, the father of the Chase 
Brothers, was a merchant tailor in the 
earlier days here who failed in health 
and gave up business some years ago. 
John W. Chase, his oldest son was a 
partner of Geo. D. McCain in the firm 
of McCain& Chase. Ed. S. Chase, and 
John can be found at the store on Sixth 
street, Hal Chase on Walnut street. The 
Chase Brothers have branch stores in 
many parts of the city. Charles S. Chase 
is the surviving partner of Chase & West, 
furniture dealers. W. P. Chase is doing 
business in California. All the Chase 
Brothers are known as live business men, 
pushers and boosters in everything they 
undertake. 



Jacob Stark, father of the well known 
Nat Stark, bridge and iron works, was in 
the hardware business here for years as 
a member of the firm of Comparet & 
Stark. Mr. Stark, the son, is an enter- 
prising business man and a worthy son 
of his father. 



A. Y. Rawson, father of the Rawson 
boys, two of whom are owners of the 
"Iowa Pipe and Tile Works," was a 
dealer in groceries and provisions in the 
earlier days. Charles is an energetic, 
hustling man and head of the large estab- 
lishment on the east bank of the Des 
Moines river. These wares are known 
and Used all over the state and else- 
where. 



Hon. P. M. Casady, the noted pioneer, 
who came here in 1846, and was one of 
our early bankers, has left a worthy son, 
Mr. Simon Casady, to perpetuate his good 
name and virtues. A man of integrity, 
nobleness of character, a rich inheritance 
to a son. He has been a banker for many 
years and is now at the head of the 
Central Bank of this city. Mr. Casady 
is a trained banker from his youth up. 



Geo. M. Hippee was one of the earliest 
druggists, doing business down on Sec- 
ond street. He has partially retired from 
business, yet he keeps an office in the city. 
Mr'. Geo. H. Hippee, his only son, was 
for some years connected with the Des 
Moines Savings bank. He is now the 
president of the Des Moines City Rail- 
way company. He has made a success 
of everything he has undertaken. 



Jefferson S. Polk was an early settler, 
coming here in 1856. He has distin- 
guished himself as a lawyer, financier 
and an honored citizen. Harry Polk, 
who succeeded his father as partial 
owner of the city railway, to which an 
interurban system has been added, is one 
of the "live wires" of our city as a rail- 
road man and financier. He is designing 
to carry out his father's plan of "Des 
Moines the hub and interurbans the 
spokes radiating to all parts of the 
state J" 



F. M. Hubbell, who objects to the just 
appellation of "the richest man in the 
state," is doing business year after year 
in "summer's heat and winter's cold." 
His hours of labor are of moderate 
length — his vacations are few. His two 
sons, Fred C, and Grover, are making 
themselves known in the business world ; 
and with Devere Thompson connected 
with the Hubbell Company, it will go 
down in history as a prudent manager 
and careful investor. Mr. Thompson has 
two sons now upon the business thresh- 
hold, having almost finished their edu- 
cation and will be an honor to their 
father in the coming years. 



Oliver H. Perkins began mercantile 
life in this city as a dealer in crockery 
glass and queensware. He made a com- 
petency and was succeeded by the Brins- 
maid Brothers. He has traveled the 



EARLY SETTLERS 



25 



world over for his own education and 
gratification. Has more than a compe- 
tency for life and a collection of rare 
books and curios not exceeded in the 
state. Des Moines is his home where his 
property interests and friends are. 



sons ; but neither have any business con- 
nection with the incorporation. 



Mr. I. N. Webster has been a dealer in 
monuments in this city for thirty-five 
years. W. R. Webster, his son, is in ac- 
tive charge of the business, which is car- 
ried on with all the latest improvements. 
The old mallet and chisel has been dis- 
carded and the compressed air chisel, in 
the hands of a skillful workman, will 
do the work of five men in the old way 
and do it better. The hardest granite, 
the dread of workmen, in the old way, 
is an easy task where the tools are driven 
by compressed air and which does the 
work as quickly in a hard substance as 
in marble. His house is crowded with 
work and everything looks favorable for 
a prosperous season. 



Mr. Charles C. Nourse came to Iowa 
in 1851, stopping at Keosauqua, the then 
gateway of the state. He came to Des 
Moines in 1858, and has taken a tempo- 
rary residence in California. Clinton 
Nourse, his son, did not follow in the 
legal footsteps of his father, but after 
an education, studied architecture, of 
which he has made a great success, as 
many of our fine buildings are standing 
witnesses. He is a popular architect and 
the firm of Rassmussen & Nourse has 
much future work in sight. 



The firm of J. K. & W. II. Gilcrest, 
lumber dealers began in 1856. With the 
addition of the word "Company," the 
name has never been changed, all stock 
being held by the Gilcrest family. A 
planing mill was built on the east side of 
the river and was the first to turn out 
"tongued and grooved flooring." Many 
of the old settlers who had got weary of 
"calking the cracks in the floor," took 
up their old floors and had them worked 
over. When a piece of the flooring with 
a nail in it ran through the machine the 
owner was charged a dollar extra for 
damages done the machine. A large 
grindstone stood in the shed near the mill 
with a sign over it, "Five cents a Nip." 
This meant if yon had "an axe to grind" 
five cents was the price. There are two 



Judge George C. Wright came to Iowa 
in an early day, making his home where 
so many distinguished people have lived, 
Keosauqua. He was a lawyer, supreme 
judge and U. S. senator. Three of his 
sons are living, Craig, Carroll, and 
George. Carroll is a railroad attorney 
of this city. All these sons are worthy 
successors of their father, one of the best 
loved and most highly respected gentle- 
men in Iowa. 



The firm of L. II. Kurtz & Bro., dates 
nearly fifty years. After the death of 
Charles, the firm became L. H. Kurtz. 
Then later, incorporated, L. H. Kurtz 
Company. This incorporation took in 
his son, L. C. Kurtz, one of the live 
business men of the city. The business 
began with small capital but has been 
enlarged year by year and now includes 
wholesale plumbing material and retail 
hardware. 



"J. M. Mandelbaum, incorporated," 
began the dry goods business in 1864. 
When Morris, his oldest son was fifteen 
years old, he was taken into the store 
as a clerk. On reaching his majority he 
was given a share in the business. Sid- 
ney, the younger son was made a clerk at 
fifteen years and a sharer in the profits 
at the age of twenty-one. The firm was 
incorporated with the father as president 
and Morris, vice president. These two 
sons have been thoroughly trained in the 
dry goods business and know all the ins 
and outs of the trade; and each one cap- 
able of managing a well ordered estab- 
lishment, surely a very wise provision 
for a pains-taking father. 



St. John & Barquist, steel and metal 
workers, roofing and sky lights, was or- 
ganized 20 years ago. Mr. St. John re- 
tired from the active part of the busi- 
ness, since which time it has been carried 
on without change of firm name, by Geo. 
1j. Barquist. who learned the trade with 
Compare! & Stark. Harry L. Barquist, 
the son, is n member of the firm and is 
making good. Business is plentiful and 
the handiwork of this firm can be seen 
on many of the buildings of the city. 



20 



THE MIDWESTERN 



Charles Weitz was an early contractor 

and builder in this city, coming here in 
1855. His three sons, Charles II.. P. W. 
and Edward Weitz, were admitted to 
the firm, since which time it lias been 
"Charles Weitz' Sons," some time be- 
fore the father's death, 1906. The sons 
are now carrying on the business in a 
most successful way. It i.s believed that 
this firm is doing more work than any 
similar firm in the city. Their own hand- 
some block on .Mulberry street is suffi- 
cient to testify to their concrete work. 



Samuel B. Tuttle for some years was 
engaged in the stone, cement, pipe and 
tile business, from which he retired some 
time ago. One of his sons. Lynn J. 
Tuttle, is a partner of Nat Stark in the 
Des Moines Bridge and Iron Works, a 
firm which i.s a credit to Des Moines. 
The other son, A. II. Tuttle. has estab- 
lished himself in the meat, grocery and 
provision business. 35th and Ingersoll. 



Martin Elynn came to Iowa at an early 
date. Beginning in a small way he in- 
creased his holdings until he owned a 
fine acreage known far and wide as the 
"Plynn Farm.'' sparing time and money 
enough to build a fine block on the corner 
of Seventh and Locust. After his death 
his live sons have managed the farm — 
now the finest dairy farm in the state, 
One or two of these sons are bankers and 
managers of the block. The "Flynn 
Boys'' are well known as business men, 
courteous, kind, and filling well their 
places in life. 



.Mr. Van Liew, the father, does not 
reside in Des Moines. His two sons, D. 
J. Van Liew, assistant cashier of the 
Capital City Bank and Edgar, who is 
a civil engineer at the Des Moines Bridge 
and Iron Works are both well known in 
this city as business men of superior 
knowledge and ability. 





ISABEL, Diuihtei oi Mr. aud Mrs. Frank li.nl. 




MARION* LORENA and CLINTON RICHARD OSBORN 

Children of Dr. anil Mrs. L. 1). OlborO 




MARY BELL FRYE 
Granddaughter irf Mr. and Mrs. Oicar B. Frya 



Photo by A. I). HariM-1 
Dr. Krvvin Schenk and little son 

THE LITTLE THINGS 

^\ly dear, the little things I did for you 
Today have brought me comfort, one 

by one, 
As through the purple dark a shaft 
of sun 
Strikes far at dawn, and changes dusk 

to blue ; 
The little things it cost me naught to do 
Remembering bow slow life's sands 

may run, 
Today a well of purest gold have 
spun 
Across the gulf that lies between us 
two. 

Oh, dead and dear, the many little 
things! 
The hiving words I did not fail to 
say. 
The kiss at parting, the caressing 
touch — 

What shriven peace t c the memory 

brings ! 
And weeping at your open grave to- 
day. 
No single pang because I did too much ! 
—Myrtle Reed, in Harper's Bazar. 



JUST A THINKIN" 
Thinlrin' of sonic folks I know, 

Wonderin' why I like 'em so; 

Taint because of handsome looks; 
Folk's pretty much like books, 
Bin din' aint the safesl guide 

To what you're goin 1 to lind inside. 

Taint because of fancy cloe's; 

Can'1 tell what a person knows 

By the creases in his pants; 

Dress is just a circumstance. 

Fact, I M rat her people 'd wear 

'I'h' same old clo'es from year to year, 

When a friend comes all out new. 

•lust one thing I Ve got to do ; 

Qot lo wait to gel acquainted 

Til his elo 'i-s's acclimated. 

'Taint because there's no mistake 
In the i-ecoi ds 1 hat t hey make. 
Some's got tempers kind o' brittle, — 

Ureal; like pine stieks when vou whit- 
tle. 



I Ins is what I 'm 1 ryin ' to say ; 
In spit e of slips alony t he way. 
They're just agoin' straight along, 
Ilelpin' righl an' fightin' Wrong — 
Xot quibblin' whether to or not — 

Livin' out the lives they're got. 

Winifred Walden. 




CLINTON RICHARD 

Son of I Ir. and Mrs. 1.. I ). ( Ishnrn 



SANCTITY 

Frank A. Marshall 



The days have all been Sahhath sinee No lightness lives in that refining 

vou came, flame. 

All,i ' 1|;IV '' k 'T< them, oh. how rev- A I k vou mark is like some llolv 

erenlly! Word; 

The things you said have been my A flower vou give me. or a -own vou 

litany; praise. 

v "'"' l, " lrh a sacrament. I speak [ s tender with the memory of caress 

• v '""' """"'• Or sii He. your voire becomes an an- 

And kneel before a shrine whereat the tl,,., n heard 

. J' 1 '"'"' While 1 was walking Love's ealhe- 

<>i all unworthy of your thoughts of dral ways. 

""' All life lakes on a new horn sacred- 

is purged to loving 's utter purity. ness. —Century. 



^^M 



THE WORKING OUT OF AN AMBITION 



* 



NEW HOME OF THE DOUBLEDAYS - IN NEW YORK 



HAVING just completed our first 
decade, we purpose to celebrate 
the event by moving our busi- 
ness into the country, following 

out a plan which lias long- been in our 
minds. 

For eight out of the ten years of our 
existence, we have been advocating 
country lite in season and out of sea- 
son, and now we propose to accept our 
own advice. Some wise philosopher 
lias said that when your inclination 
and your duty seem to run side by side, 
it is time to begin an investigation. 

The study of conditions has con- 
vinced us that, tor such a business as 
ours, New York is not the ideal place, 
though we feel the need of being in 
(dose touch with the commercial center 
of the land. Each year, conditions in 
the great city become more and more 
difficult ; land is so expensive that sun- 
light is available only at a tremendous 
cost: the population increases 100,000 
annually; these people crowd into the 
flats and homes available, forcing up 
rents so that the a v erage employe has 
to travel an hour or more to get to his 
work, or pay a very high rental, or live 
in dark, cramped and unattractive 
quarters. 

These same circumstances apply to a 
business. The best conditions for manu- 
facturing such products as Doubleday, 
Page & Company devote themselves to 
require large floor spaces, on one level, 
and plenty of good light. Five years 
ago, we built our present home on Six- 
teenth Street, New Fork; this building, 
which has many attractive features, 
provided seven times as much space as 
we occupied iii our original quarters. 
For several years it has not been pos- 
sible to make room for all our people 
under one roof, a stock room had to he 
rented outside, and much of our work 
distributed in a score of different 
places. 

The necessity for putting up ;i build- 
ing in which we could house ;i|| , nn . 

various departments, developed the 

fad that a small spi say 100x100 ft., 

would be the minimum land that 
could be employed within the limits of 
economy in New York ; for our n Is 












THE W'oKKIXd OUT OF AN AMIilTIOX 



31 



this would call for a structure of 
twelve or more stories and about halt 
of the floors would even then be more 
or less dark. Also, this would leave 
us mi space to grow, and we propose to 
grow as rapidly as our customers will 
approve of our enterprises. 

After a good deal of investigation, 

covering all the pros and cons, we have 

decided thai the tendency must he 
away from the crowded city tor mak- 
ing those t hill o's which do not, for some 
good reason, have to he made ill the 
eity itself. 

Looking far into the future, we have 
purchased forty acres in Harden City, 
Long Island. The Country Lite Press 
will stand on a crescent-shaped piece of 
land aliout hall a mile Long, anil five 
hundred feel deep in its widest part, 
backed by our own railroad spur, 
where the cars will he loaded with our 
books and magazines. This piece covers 
about eighteen acres, and will allow for 
all the expansion in this direction we 
can reasonably expect. The building 

will lace Franklin Avenue, so nai I 

by that great merchant, Alexander T. 
Stewart, forty years ago, no douht 
with our establishment in his prophetic 
mind. 

At the back of this are seven or eight 
acres, and across Franklin Avenue is a 
lull block of fourteen acres. We shall 
not attempt here to give particulars of 
what we hope to plant and grow in 
these spaces. It is perhaps sufficient to 
say that they will he devoted to those 
country things which we think will 
most interest our readers, and particu- 
lars will lie forthcoming Irom time to 
t ime. 

By October 1. 1910, we expect to 
have the building completed— the de- 
velopment of the grounds we hope to 
work on lor many years. 

The press will hi' reached from the 
new Pennsylvania Station, at Thirty- 
third Street. New Fork, by tunnel 
under the Bast River, thirty minutes 
by direct electric train, or, from down- 
town by I lie subvi ay. The linn will 
have a New York Office in oi' near 
Thirty-fourth Street, close to the gta- 

I ion. Tor sol I' its selling depart 

incuts. Private telephone trunk line 
wires will connect the two exchanges, 




one iii the New York office, and one at 
the press, so that customers and friends 
in New York will he within as quick 
and convenient reach of rxrvy depart- 
ment as though the whole establish- 
ment were in the city. 

While the plans outlined seem in 
many respects to he novel and unusual, 
the whole idea of the change has heeii 
thoroughly considered, and founded 
upon what we consider to he conserva- 
tive business practice, with the view of 
securing the greatest economy and effi- 
ciency, as well as attractive and health- 
ful surroundings. 

The architects of the building are 
Messrs. Kirby and Petit. 

The materials used are brick, cement, 
Steel, and glass. It will he a thoroughly 
fireproof structure, and abundantly 
Lighted in f\f\-y nook and corner. With 
the exception of 1wo small sections, 
there is no place in the building more 
than twenty-five feet from the outside 
light ami air. The building will he 
aliout 400 feet long; it will be 225 feet 
deep, three sides of a rectangle. The 
entrance will he an arched opening of 
generous size, looking into the court, 
which will he planted as a large garden, 
with its fountain, gravelled paths, rho- 
dodendron, laurel, and evergreens, to 
keep it green and attractive in winter. 
English ivy and other vim's will he 

planted everywhere on t he building. 

The extensive grounds, carefully 
landscaped and planted, will help to 

keep the general appearance as much 
as possible unlike a commercial build- 
ins;. The plan, as now laid out . will 
eventually exhibil lo the visitor those 
t hings t hat 1 1 w ner of a builder of a 



THE MIDWESTERN 



country home desires to know about. In 
this the firm is expanding and carrying 
out its "Service Department," which 
each year answers thousands of ques- 
tions from readers on all sorts of sub- 
jects, but chiefly connected with coun- 
try life. So far as is known, there is at 
present no place where all that is nec- 
essary and desirable to make rural life 
agreeable is exemplified in one locality. 

On the second floor, immediately 
plant, stock rooms, paper storage, pack- 
ing, and plate rooms will be on one 
floor. The paper will be received di- 
rectly from a railroad car in the paper 
stock room ; it will go from there to the 
pressroom ; then to the folding room, to 
bindery, and to stock room and pack- 
ing room in uninterrupted progress. 
Thus it is hoped to secure a great sav- 
ing in what, in manufacturing par- 
lance ,is called "unproductive labor." 

On the second floor, immediately 
over the press room, will be the com- 
posing room, the photo-engraving de- 
partment, and the electroplate foundry. 
The remainder of the second floor will 
be devoted to the offices of the firm, 
editorial rooms, cashier's and book- 
keeping departments, subscription 
clerks, mail order departments, etc. 

For the the past two or three years 
Doubleday, Page & Company have 
maintained an open shop. In all the 
new departments to be installed, this 
policy will be continued. 

By moving to the country we hope 
to get the best possible working condi- 
tions in the way of light and air and 
pleasant surroundings. But, of course, 
we have no intention of founding a col- 
ony. Our employees decide for them- 
selves where they can conveniently and 
comfortably live, and we are firm in the 



belief that it is not wise to undertake 
to establish any paternal relationship 
with those who work for us. But the 
advantages on Long Island are so many 
and so manifest for comfortable homes 
that it already seems probable that 
many of our workers will move to the 
vicinity of the press. From Mineola, 
which is but a mile away, railway lines 
run in nearly every direction, thus 
making the press easy of access from 
all parts of Long Island and Brooklyn 
and from Manhattan. As soon as the 
plans for moving to the country were 
announced numbers of our employees 
wanted to know the exact location, so 
that they could look up the matter of 
establishing homes, as they seemed to 
feel that a real opportunity was of- 
fered them to get something more than 
a mere niche in a great flat building. 
In a word, the country-life idea which 
has converted us seems on the way to- 
ward converting our own people. 

The new press is expected to be prac- 
tically complete in every department 
and to do all the various parts of mak- 
ing a magazine or a book. A separate 
electric motor will be attached to every 
machine in its operation, no matter how 
small. A driven well will provide wa- 
ter, boilers will supply heat for the 
building and greenhouses, and every- 
thing will be done to make the press 
complete and up-to-date. 

With the exception of some presses 
now used in New York, and the com- 
posing room material, new machinery 
will be installed throughout in every 
department. The machinery now or- 
dered will manufacture our present 
output of nearly 15,000 magazines and 
5.000 books a day, but the entire enter- 
prise is planned for an expected and 
logical growth. 



A NEW MAN AT DES MOINES COLLEGE 



Des Moines College is fortunate in 
securing Prof. Samuel Zane Batten for 
its newly established Chair of Biblical 
Literature and Social Science. Dr. Bat- 
ten was for two or three years a social 
worker in New York City and Philadel- 
phia, after which he was pastor of the 
Baptist Church at Morristown, N. J., 
for eight years. During the last six 



years he has been pastor of the impor- 
tant First Baptist Church at Lincoln, 
Neb. During all of his public life Dr. 
Batten has been an indefatigable stud- 
ent of social affairs and books on social 
life, and has been an active worker for 
social betterment in every place where 
he has been. He was more responsible 
than any other man for the fact that 



A NEW MAN AT DES MOINES COLLEGE 



33 




DR. SAMUEL ZANE BATTEN 
of Des Moines College Faculty 



in two successive elections Lincoln, Jeans; the Christian Church; [ntroduc- 

Neb., has gone "dry." Be is chairman tion to the Books of the Old and New 

of the Commission on Social Sendee of Testaments. And in Social Science: 

the Northern Baptisi Convention, and An Introduction to the Study of So- 

is one of I lie important members of this eiety; General Anthropology; Social 

commission in the Federation of Institutions; Social Problems; Civic and 

Churches. Be is the author of a nam- Rural Sociology; Attempts at the Chris- 

ber of books and pamphlets dealing denization of Society. 

with social conditions anil social pro- The city of Des Moines oll'ers an un- 

grammes. In him is found the rare com- usual opportunity for the study oi re- 

bination of the profound scholar and ligious and social problems, because as 

the practical reformer, Be ia a man of the capital and metropolis of the state 

strong intellectual power, broad Chris- so many phases of life center here. 

tian spirit and splendid technical train- Prof. Batten will immediately proceed 

inn I'or his work. to the study and analysis of the life 

The position to which he has been of the city ID its various phases, and 

elected as head of Biblical Literature will bring his students into touch with 

and Social Science at Des Moines Col- this complex life at lirst hand, as sup- 

lege will offer a Sne held for the kind plemental to what they will learn from 

of service which Dr. Batten is so well books. Des Moines College is to be con- 

lilted to render. Among ih .urses gratulated both in being the pioneer 

w l,j,.l, be will offer in Biblical Litera- institution of the city to inaugurate a 

!,,,.,. .,,.,. the following: The Propheta department of this sort and in securing 

of Israel; the Legal and Cerei rial In so able a man as Dr. Batten to have 

stitutions of Israel-, tin' Teaching of charge of it 




President L. E. ELLIS 



NEW OFFICERS OF THE ANCHOR FIRE 
INSURANCE COMPANY 



The many friends in Dcs .Moines 
and the middle west of the Anchor Fire 
Insurance Company will be pleased 
with the promotion of some of its offi- 
cers and also the addition of several 
well known insurance men to the 
forces of the company. President J. S. 
Clark, who has lor ten years been the 
efficient head of the company, has re- 
tired on account of his advancing age 
and Itoeanse he wishes to be tree I" 



travel with his family and spend his 
winters in more agreeable climate than 
that of Iowa. The former secretary, 
1j. E. Ellis, lias become president of the 
company and <i. A Holland, formerly 
vice president, becomes the new secre- 
tary, while S. (J. Moore, the com pa n v 's 
adjuster, becomes vice president. 
Messrs. Kllis and Holland will have 
control of the company's stock. Presi- 
dent Ellis has been with the Anchor 



NKW OFFICERS 




35 



Secielarj GEORGE A. IK U.I.ANH 



Fire for sixteen years. For thirteen Holland began service with the Anchor 

years of this time, he has I n secre- thirteen years ago as cashier, after- 

tary and has given his whole time and wards l oming auditor and later <>n, 

attention to his work, li is thus readily superintendent of agencies. He \\ .is 

seen thai he has both the experience elected rice presidenl two years ago. 

and the ability to make a capable presi- Mr, Moore, the new vice president, lias 

dent. Mr. Holland in his capacity of been with the Anchor for two years 

secretary will share with the presidenl and is recognized in Lnsurai circles 

in the management ol the company and as one ot the mos1 eapable adujstcrs in 

In ■ is finely qualified foi his work. Mr. the middle west. He will also continue 



36 



THE MIDWESTERN 



his work in the field by giving the 
greater pari of his time to the work of 
adjustments and outside work. Cap- 
lain Clark's stock has been secured by 
0. G. Chesley and W. S. Hazard, Jr., 
two well known insurance men of Des 
.Moines, who have an insurance com- 
pany of their own, the Des Moines Hail 
and Cyclone Co., and are managers of 
the hail insurance department of the 
Central National Eire Insurance Co. of 
Chicago, and are also general agents 
for said company for their fire business 
their territory being in North and 
South Dakota, Nebraska and Kansas, 
Mr. Chesley has been a Des .Moines 



resident for about twelve years, coming 
here from Blue Earth, Minnesota, 
where he was engaged in extensive 
farming. Mr. Hazard joined him in 

establishing the Des Moines Mutual 
Hail and Cyclone Co., which has proved 
one of the most successful institutions 
of its class in America. The addition 
of these two men to the already strong 
forces of the Anchor Fire will be noted 
with pleascre by all friends of this well 
established company, as both Mr. Ches- 
ley and Mr. Hazard stand in the front 
rank of the capable and successful 
business men of the state. 




LAUGHING IN HER SLEEP 

I caught my love reclining 

Beside the ingle warm. 
Her silken tresses twining 

About her snowy arm, 
A silver rippling murmur, 

A dimple half a-peep 
Proclaimed my iittle sweetheart 

Laughing in her sleep. 

As she lay there a-dreaming, 
Had ( Jupid crept a-near, 

Beside the embers gleaming. 
To whisper in her ear? 

Some plan for man's confusion. 
Some plot for heartaches deep 

It filled her soul with rapture 
Laughing in her sleep. 

Ah ! woe betide the morrow 
When she shall come to wake; 

My soul is wrung with sorrow 
To think- how hearts will ache. 

Por gallant beaux may t remhle. 
A nil pitying seraphs weep.. 

When ( 'upid talks with Beauty 



Laughing in her sleep 



MRS. \Y. <;. POOLEY 
of Knoxville 



■5. .1/. Peck. 




MRS. ALFRED II. EVANS 

Formerly Miss llelene Wightman who was a popular September bride 



IN THE VALLEY 
All ! so quiel is ii here 
I n t his lonely valley near 
Where the waters softly creep, 
A ml i in' Bowers nod and Bleep. 
I n ( his valley sweel . t here's rest, 
[Tnder trees where birdlings nest, 
Km- ;i life I li.-ii 's I'nll of cares, 
Of Borrows, burdens, pains or snare 



NICHT 
The dew of eve has begun to fall, 
And darkness of night encloses us all'. 
The day has been long, bow we welcome 

tin' night, 
And the sofl lulling breeze, and the 

peaceful moonlight . 
We sink into rest, From life's burden of 

toil. 



Ah! lei him come and lay him down, Prom sorrow and strife, From life's noisy 
Ami peace and Bleep will be his crown, turmoil. 



His guards will be the Eern, the flower 
Thai help to make his lea ly bower. 
No evil thoughts pursue him there 
For Love reigns o'er tin- mo »y lair 



We sink into dreams of the ones we loved 

best, 
\\ hi> ha\ lefl us and gone to I he haven 
of real . 

Qertrudt Askton Andrews, Agi 16. We dream of the joy of meeting them 

there. 
THE PLEDGE Happy and peaceful' under God's care. 

Prom this hour the pledge is given, I||IU "'' l "" ,; for ll,r liu "' " l "" «■' shall 

Prom I his hour my soul is i hine. ;| " B J • 

C whal will From earth nr Heaven, To the llnl '' our Saviour, oh come 

Weal or woe thy Pate I"' mine. - , '' 1 day. 

Ifoori • rtrudt Ashion Andrews, Age 16. 




THREE PICTURES I HAVE SEEN 



George J. Delmege 



IT has been my good fortune to see 
much of the beautiful in nature, 
but three pictures I have seen 
stand out clear and distinct as 
surpassing in beauty the ability of 
words or pen to adequately describe. 
The artist mind holds many beautiful 
images and his brush portrays the 
beautiful though! of the mind, touched 
and inspired by the Divine Alchemist, 
that sees and knows only the good 
and the beautiful. But no picture 
transferred from mind to canvas ha i 
ever measured the beauty, seen but 
not transferable, in mountain, in 
floating cloud, in lake, in plunging 
waterfall, or in rolling ocean wave. 

1']) in the Canadian mountains the 
master artist of the Universe has 
spread a picture on the world's can- 
vas thai surpasses in beauty a thous- 
and fold the finest imagery ever 
wrought on canvas by the brush of 
artist, old or new. Here in this beaut; 
spot above the clouds, mirrored be- 
tween the Victoria, Bee Hive and 
Glazier mountains, lies the beautiful 
Bake Louise. As one stands on the 



cpnped peaks, and the Bee Hive moun- 
tain to the north, rugged and sombre 
with the clear sky high above all and 
the bright sun shining, its radiance 
mellowed by contact with the ever 
foaling clouds, before it kisses the 
lake, whose waters glint back in the 
same moment many constantly chang- 
ing hues as the sun's reflection alters, 
as its rays are cast in different angles 
with the advancing day, as they fall 
npon the surrounding mountains, is 
seen the rarest picture I ever looked 
upon. As many as twenty shades ot 
green and blue are to be seen in the 
waters of this lake at the same mo- 
ment. Here in this combination ot 
mountains, lake, clouds, sky and sun 
is found a picture surpassing the finest 
conception of the artist mind or the 
richest execution of the artist's brush. 
No less an artist than the All Know- 
ing, Omnipotent, .Ml Conceiving Artist 
of the infinite Universe, that bad 

dotted the earth here and there with 

surpassingly delightful beauty spots, 
such as here situ, could evolve tlr: 
picture presented at Lake Louise. 



eastern shore of this lake and looks 


Over on tiic I'ai 


ilic coast there is 


westward toward Glazier mountain, 


presented night afte 


!• night a picture of 


covered with its mantle of ice, towel- 


grandeur and ma 


jesty thai shows 


ing gray and grand, and the Victoria 


loi i h t iic ;ill power 


"I the mighty arl - 


mountain to the south, with its snow 


ist ol the universe. 


As one stands ,-u 



:hree pictures i have seen 



:so 




Canyon Bridge, Yellowstone Park 



Cliff House iii San Francisco, as the of the woods, they heed us not; the 
cloudless sun sinks into the waves, and deer and the antelope also come by 
sees the golden glow that lingers from and are more timid, l>ul still not afraid 
the dying sun as it setlles upon, min- of man. They have seen men, lull as 
gles with and melts into the rilling yet they do not know him, and there- 
hillows as they rush anil plunge one lore are not afraid of him. Here na- 
upon another in their mad course ti t lire, save as indicated, is untouched of 
break upon the rocky shore, the glory man. The waters of the canyon roll 
of that which man does not know lull on through their many tinted chan- 
whieh he longs to know seems about to nels. as they have rolled on through 
be revealed to him. The splendor of the ages, and plunge to the depth of 
this picture, showing the glorious orb 
of day as it passes quietly from view 
spreading its golden glow as a mantle 
over the mighty rolling deep, kissing 
the waters in their highest and lowesl 
depths, seems in the boisterous waves 
and the soft glory of the golden light 
to contrast the turbulence of human 
thought and the peace and quiet of 
thai which lies just beyond the turmoil 

and strife ol men. 

I'p in the Yellowstone National 
I'ark there are many pictures of en 
thralling interest, but the beauty spn: 
id' 1 he park is I he (irand < 'anyon. with 
its marvelous tints and shadings of 
Colors and its two surpassingly beau- 
tiful waterfalls. In studying and con- 
templating the wondrous beauties ot 
this canyon Irmii the many new 
points available lor observation, om 

fairly revels in exultant self-enjoy- 
ment of the glories round ahout him. 
Here, save lor the hotel a little (lis 
lance away, one is at the Very heart ol 
nature. We nee the hears cumi OUl Lowei talk, Yellowstone Park 




40 



THE MIDWESTERN 





Great Falls 360 feet — Yellowstone Park 

360 feet below in a sheet of rainbow 
tints and colors, forming a picture of 



beauty never to lie effaced from mem- 
ory. As we stood upon a projecting 
mountain peak below the falls and 
looked up through the narrow chan- 
nel of the canyon with a clear view o: 
both the upper and the lower falls 
and drank in the picture made by the 
many colors, shades and tints of col- 
ors by the rocks that form the walls 
of the canyon, by the rushing waters, 
the eagles' nests, built on apparently 
impossible mountain peaks, and 
watched the eagles in their flights 
from and to their nest, in the care of 
their young, we felt that there indeed 
we were at peace, that it was good to 
be there, and we almost wished that 
the strife and turmoil, ceremony and 
formality of the business and sociai 
life of the present day might be pul 
away from us forever. It is good to- 
pass from the turbulent rush and roar 
of the city street, from the strife and 
struggle of business, from the cere- 
mony and formality of social life to 
the haunts where nature is untouched, 
where the truth is revealed and where 
the false has no dominion. 



GOOD BOOSTER 

During the State Fair, more people 
were fed to their satisfaction at The 
Boston Lunch than in all other eating 
places in Des Moines. People went out 
of their way to eat at this popular 
place, and each one went home wishing 
he might have; such a luncheon room in 
his own home town. A visitor to Des 
Moines who has not eaten at the Boston 
Lunch is a rare exception to a general 
rule. Auto and picnic parties have 
found their luncheons put up promptly 
to order, io be tine and satisfactory in 
every respect. All ehisses of business 
men, affer much experimenting, have 
decided upon the Boston Lunch as the 
vital place for them. It is a. noticeable 
fad also, thai many more women lunch 
here than formerly — proving thai whal 
is good for one member of a family is 



good for all. Des Moines is proud of 
her Boston Lunch. 



SPLENDID ENDORSEMENT 
The recent decision of Charles Mur- 
ray, Instructor of Bacteriology in Iowa 
State College, in reference to the purity 
and cleanliness of the output of the 
Iowa Dairy Co. is of vital interest to 
every man, woman and child in Des 
Moines. The milk and cream was dis- 
covered to be of exceptional quality 
and free from germs of every sort. 
Their process of pasteurization was 
highly commended. There is no ex- 
cuse therefore, for giving impure milk 
to the children of any l>es Moines fam- 
ily. For the Iowa Dairy wagons come 
to the city daily and their milk and 
cream .-ire kepi 'it ;dl good grocers, by 
butchers and bakers all over the city. 



A GREAT INSTITUTION AND ITS 
MANAGERS 



State Senator Jas. E Bruce 

Daring the half century in which 
[ows developed Prom a trackless prai- 
rie, inhabited by Indians and wild 
game, to the great commonwealth of 
which not only her own people are 
justly proud lint all other states and 
tlic world generally contemplate with 
the highest respect, not much consider- 
ation or thoneht was (riven to the char- 
acter of her men who have taken 
Iowa's resources in soils, minerals and 
climate, and used them, and developed 
them into what our grand old state 
now is. The main ground for the pride 
of Iowa's citizens in Iowa is the char- 
acter and achievements of her men. 

No better example presents itself of 
what indubitable energy, unswerving 
integrity, sound judgment and humani- 
tarian instincts have accomplished in 
[owa than that of State Senator -lames 
B. Bruce of Atlantic. 

Senator Bruce is an Iowa man and 
he and men like him have made Iowa 
what i1 is. On arriving at manhood hi' 
engaged in the practice of tin' law. lie 
prospered in it because he had the fac- 
ulties, the energy and the integrity to 
he an honor to his profession. Hut 
•lames E. Bruce could not he retained 
in the profession entirely. As he pros- 
pered he branched out. lie became a 

hanker and business man. lie took" his and his nature has always melted in 
place among the men who stand at tin' the presence of the poor creatures who 
head ol' affairs political. And now alt- would continue to drink too much, and 
er twenty-nine years business and po- could not help it. There are many 
lilieal activity he is rated as a leader happy homes in Atlantic and ('ass and 
DOlitieallv and one of Iowa's richest adjoining counties today made so he- 
men financially. cause Mr. Bruce has taken up the fa- 
Bui there is inic other phase to Sen- thcr. the hnshaiid or the brother and 

ator Bruce's character and career that made ii possible lor them, financially, 

is as much a part of him and of his to take i iical treatment lor their al- 

achievements as any we have men- diction. And when Mr. Bruce became 

tinned. Running all through Mr. aware of the fad thai Dr. N'eal had at 

Bruce's career and quietly bul effectti- last perfected a treatment and cure for 

ally marking his path with monuments the drink habil that would actually 

to his generosity, kindly, sympathetic take away all desire for drink, and ere- 

and humanitarian nature, has been a ate a distaste for il in only three days' 

continual exhibition of practical phil- time, and leave the patienl as free from 

anliophy. His keen instincts lead him the use of drink as he was before he 
to realize that Ihe greatest curse to ever drank any, Mr. BrUCe imi liatelv 

humanity was the abuse of intoxicants, proposed to finance a system of insti- 




SENATOR JAMES E. BRUCE 
President of the Seal Institutes Co. 



42 



THE MIDWESTERN 



^ps^ - 


•fBljfpS 1|e 


B > 


* 


L jflfc 






' IB 
0T M 


1 M ' 


^^H 








flr ^1 "t 







DR. V 
Originator of the Xeal Meth 

tutes so located that the treatment 
could be secured by all the suffering 
victims of the drink habit in the United 

States. 

A NATIONAL INSTITUTION 
The Neal Institutes Company of the 
United States was organized and fi- 
nanced by Mr. Bruce, and on the Oth 
day of December last the first institute 
was opened in Des Moines. Since that 
date more than three hundred cured 
patients have been discharged from 
that institute alone, and there are now 
forty-one institutes in operation and 
opening throughout the United States. 
They are located in the principal cities 
of the country extending from the At- 
lantic to the Pacific and from Canada 
to the Gulf, and within the next six 

months there will b le or more of 

the Neal Institutes for the Neal Three 
Day Drink Habit Cure in operation in 
every state in the union. 



E. NEAL 
>d for curing the drinking habit 

Senator Bruce has made all this pos- 
sible and is the pushing force in ex- 
tending this greatest boon to the hu- 
manity of the age. It is men like Sena- 
tor Bruce who have placed Iowa in her 
desire for stimulant is concerned as he 
was before he ever drank any. Dr. 
Neal's discovery is of untold benefit 
proud position, and it is Bruce and his 
associates, Dr. Neal and E. P.. Stiles, 
officers of the Neal Institutes Company, 
who are now through the Neal Three 
Day Drink Habit Cure holding out and 
urging upon a curse afflicted people 
this greatest regenerating agency. 

Iowa is justly proud of Senator 
Bruce and his type. His home town 
and county, Atlantic in Cass County, 
are to be congratulated upon having so 
notable ;ind philanthropic a citizen. 
And all Iowa joins with his neighbors 
in Imping for Senator Bruce a long 
continued success in the future equal 



A GREAT INSTITUTION 



4:i 




DR. V. S. DUNHAM 

Manager of the I Iniaha Institute 



E. B. STILES 
Secretary and Manager Meal Institutes Co. 



in or if possible greater than in the 
past. 

DR. V. E. NEAL 
Al'trr years of study, investigation 
and experimenl Dr. Neal having con- 
cluded thai drunkenness was a result 
ill alcoholic poisoning and could be 
cured, finally discovered and perfected 
a method of saving the drunkard. This 
method does no1 include hypodermic 
injection, or the use of any injurious 
medicine, and leaves I he patienl a1 I he 
end of the treatmenl in as good con- 
dition as far as having any craving of 
in humanity. Future generations will 
rise up in bless him. Dr. Meal is a 
scholarly and cultivated man whom d 
is a pleasure In know and his discovery 
is one ni the greatesl id' the age. Sen- 
ator Bruce made tin' greatesl find id' 
Ids life when hr came across Dr. Neal's 



discovery and when the Neal Institute 
in I )es Moines was founded, the dawn 
ni liberty for thousands of enslaved 
human beings was ushered in. Dr. Neal 
has entire supervision of ili<' medical 
departmenl and from him the physi- 
cians ni' other institutions receive their 
training. E. I>. Stiles is the secretary 
ni' i he company and has had much tn 
do in bringing Buccess to the enterprise. 
Of fine executive ability and an enthus- 
iast in regard to the possibilities of the 
cure, he is just the righl person for set- 
ting loflh tin 1 merits oi a new method 
ni' cure ni t hr liquor halut . In < tmaha, 
the work is beginning with splendid 
prospects, Dr. F. 8. Dunham being in 
charge .as manager and resident physi- 
cian. His work is attracting general 
attention in his territory and the in- 
stitution is already one of the Btrongesl 
in the countrv. 



44 



THE MIDWESTERN 





ROBERT A. TURNER 
of the Harlow Advertising Agency, of Omaha 

TRIBUTE TO A FORMER DES 
MOINES MAN 

" The Adnewi finds pleasure in an- 
nouncing the return of E. A. Turner of 
Des Moines to Omaha and to the Dar- 
low Advertising Agency. 

Mr. Turner resigns from the Lessing 
Chase Company to accept a position on 
the copy staff of this agency, and in 
doing so he is "coming hack home." 
He is well known in Omaha, has a host 
of good friends here, possesses a fine 
reputation as an advertising man, and 
will add much strength to the Darlow 
working force. 

Mr. Turner is, we consider, one of 
the best copy men in the country. His 
work is characterized by force and 
dignity, and his wide business experi 
Mice fits him well for the laying of ad 
vertising plans, together with the exe- 
cution of high class copy. 

Some of the mosl successful adver- 
tising campaigns in the wesl have been 
worked out by Mr. Turner, and in 
bringing him here we feel thai we are 
doing Hie besl possible thing for our 
clients ;is well as for ourselves. " 
— Adneu s, < "hnaha. 



A PROOF OF SUPREMACY 



[Mr. T. I. Stoner, is president and man- 
ager of this company, one of Des Moines 
most successful of the younger business 
men. He has had a faith in Des Moines 
which is now being justified in his own 
business.] 

Progressivcness combined with sta- 
bility characterize the Stoner Wall Pa- 
per Co. Because of this fact we are 
led to believe that there is established 
a most valuable substantiation of our 
claims for originality and style — a 
stamp of approval of which any firmly 
established house may be justly proud. 

We believe in individuality of effort ; 
we express it in the creation of our 
goods, our labor, and in our business 
methods. 

We make mistakes and we profit by 
them. The man who fears to make 
mistakes Hunts his possibilities, he 
loses his individuality, he ceases to ex- 
press himself, he becomes a weak imi- 
tator of his fellows. 

All we claim for ourselves is that in 
our particular field we are doing our 
level best ; this we feel is appreciated 
by the healthier spirit shown us by 
our friends. We trust we can serve 
you as we have many others. 

Yon will find yourself in the care of 
not only experienced wall paper and 
drapery men, but men of practical 
merit. 

Upon entering our well lighted and 
artistic salesrooms you are accosted by 
Mr. G. A. Robinson who has charge of 
the Wall Paper department. He is a 
man of distinction and merit, practical 
and always ready to share your re- 
sponsibilities; his ideas are valuable; 
his duties are 1o assist and suggest of 
which he takes a great pride. His 
manner of doing things is a pleasure 
to all who meet him. He embarked 
in the decorating and wall paper busi- 
ness some ten years ago, and by main- 
taining a high standard of integrity he 
has succeeded in building up a reputa- 
tion of wry important standing. 

The decorating departmenl which is 
to hi' considered quite important is in 
charge of Mr. Bobt. J. Henderson who 
is of a family of designers and dec- 
orators, known throughoul the Middle 
and Western States, He is a man of 
new and original ideas, in fad a de- 



A PROOF OF SUPREMACY 



45 




MRS. S. 1!. SEFXEN 



lineator, well versed on all the periodi Mr. Henderson has been the designer, 
and subjects of arl and its bistory, a Through these men and others in 
brother to Mr. Qeo. Henderson the charge of other departments we bare 
designer of the decorating and furnish- buiH one of the mosl substantial Dec- 
ins of the Hotel Colfax, 1 1 » * - Audi- orative shops bo the eountry. 



torium, and Princess Theatres, Mr. 
Hippee and Perkin's residences. 

This department is impressive, pre- 
suming always to satisfy the mosl erit- 



W'c trust the presenl fall season on 
w hieh we are well started will prove 
the besl the industry baa ever known. 
We \\ ish it for every man, woman or 



ic-il taste in furnishing the I , with child in whatever capacity employed. 

an experience of eighteen years, of We are all mutually interested. We 

which four years was devoted to the nil stwre the re*oonsibility. We all 

Chicago Arl Institute. profil bj the results. 

Many commissions in the besl bomea [f von are interested and would tike 

.-Hid public buildings in our stair have to see whal we are doing, le1 us know 

been entrusted t r care, of which .'11111 we will arrange the opportunity. 



OUR LIBRARY TABLE 



Carolyn f 

.One reason for joy in living in Amer- 
ica in the present day is that we have 
the great magazines. He who does not 
know them and love them is bereft in- 
deed. And the family which is not 
reached monthly by one or more, is a 
family to be pitied. About tile 2Gtli of 
each month, 1 allow myself to revel in 
them and here they are. spread about, 
Hampton's, Century, MeClure's, Amer- 
ican, Everybody's, Harper's, North 
American Review, New England, Scrib- 
ner's, National, — each with its own in- 
dividuality as marked as the editors 
themselves .And such a wealth of ma- 
terial — delving into each realm of hu- 
man and divine knowledge — perhaps 
all knowledge is divine — articles of 
travel — of scientific interest, in politics, 
greal social questions — with poetry 
and fiction by the greatest writers in 
the world, 

* * # * « 

"A Successful Wife" which lias been 

so widely read — but which has seemed 
rather prolix toward the last, ends in 
tin' September Everybody's — and 
Esther, alter giving all. gets her hus- 
band's love at last. His friendship for 
Mrs. Tempest goes unexplained, and his 
wife is really too sweet about every- 
thing, The story sounds like Elizabeth 
Stuart Phelps, although less hysterical 
than hei' last. 



# 



Hampton's really deserve tin 1 grati- 
tude of the public lor giving us 
"Chantecler" with wonderful illustra- 
tions, complete in four numbers, H be- 
gan in June and ends in September. 



Ogilvi 






idea of 



this wonderful 
except by read- 
It is then that 



No adequate 
play can be acquired 
ing it word for word, 
one appreciates Rostand at his best and 
also understands the sensation caused 
by the appearance of the play in Paris. 
Maurice Hewlett's great novel. 
"Rest Harrow," also (doses in Scrib- 
ner's September issue. This has been 
the greal est literary treat of the year. 
Senhouse and Sancie Percival are 
loved by all who know Hewlett's work 
and Hie sincerity and beauty of the 
story lias made a strong appeal to the 
reading public. Eel us hope for an- 
other glimpse of the wood lovers in an- 
other story before long. 
9 # * * 

From Current Magazines. 
Prom "Tin.' Celebrity" in the Am r- 
ican Magaine, by David Grayson: Let 

me here set down a close secret re- 
garding celebrities: They cannot sur- 
vive without common people like you 
and me. 

Prom 'A Successful Wife" in Every- 
body's: It's astounding how we go on 
from phase to phase in life, to find each 
vital to us and immutable, until the 
next comes and we lay our old shells 
down and gaze in amazement at the 
new sell, dazzled, — if we would confess 
it — by the Lustre on our wings. It's 

right this should be so: otherwise we 
would not work for each illusion, delu- 
sion, inspiration, renaissance — a; vou 
will. 

From Judson C. Welli.ver's article in 
Hampton's: The anti-trust [aw has not 
six -ceded in changing the lundanieii- 



OUR LIBRARY TABLE 



47 



tills nl any trust situation. Yd. since 
it is the only promising piece of anti- 
monopoly legislation thai we have, we 
must employ it ; we must stri T e to bet- 
ter it. 

Prom *'A Garden of Romance" in 
The Century, by Eildegarde Haw- 
thorne: Beauty is as various as the 
hearts of men. be they simple ms the 
clay board of a savage or intricate as 
Versailles, thouaand-fountained. 

Prom "The .Mania of Egoism" in 
the New England Magazine by Zitella 
('.Mike: A government lor the people 
ami by the people wil never lie wanting 
in men anil women of strong convic- 
tions anil although sell' assertion may 
exist without self consciousness, an al- 
liance is not only possible but prob- 
able. 

* * * 

A Good Reason for Insurgency . 
In an aniiouneement of an important 
series of articles upon by the subject by 
the pre-eminent authority, .Miss [da M. 
Tarbell, and which are to begin shortly 
in the American Magazine, the editor 
of that periodica] says in its Septem- 
ber issue : 

"The popular judgment of the 
Payne-Aldrich Tariff Bill grows more 
severe with each passing month. En- 
stead ol quieting the tariff question, it 
has made it more restive. Instead of 
reassuring business, it has dealt it one 
ol' the heaviest blows in years. All of 
which is logical enough. It is a bogus 

revision, anil every man of sense 
knows that we will eel no permanent 
settlement of this matter until a genu- 
ine, searching, informed revision has 
been made. He knows that by shirking 
this duty the Taft Administration has 

lost the country years of time. Here is 
the real basis of anti-Tall sentiment — 

the good reason lor insurgency." 

Mrs. Wharton's New Novel. 

Those who recall 1 hi' si what hard 

brilliam I Mrs. Wharton's "The 

House of Mirth" will welcome the 
warmer human quality that pervades 
that gifted author's latest work of fic- 
tion, "The Letters." the senuiil part of 
whieh appears in 1 he {September < !en- 
tury. The plot ot the story is extreme- 
ly simple yet involves analyses of BUch 




CARI >I.V\ Wl 1. is 
Author nl "Patty'i Success' 



48 



THE MIDWESTERN 



vital facts in a man's and a woman's 
life, such life, such keen and unex- 
pected turns of thought and emotion, 
that the denouement — whatever it may 
he — to which it leads up is awaited 
with ever-increasing interest. The fact 
that the whole conduct of this intense 
domestic drama depends on the devel- 
opment of character is eloquent of the 
mastery to which Mrs. Wharton still 
retains in the field of fiction. 

* * 

The Vitality of Prayer in Modern Life. 

For some time past The Century 
Magazine has opened its columns to au- 
thoritative articles treating of some 
phase of the religious life in modern 
times. In the Septemher number there 
appears an exceptionally important 
contrihution from the pen of the Rev. 
Samuel McComb, D. I)., Dr. Elwood 
Worcester's associate in the Emmanuel 
Movement, on "The New Belief in 
Prayer." Dr. McComb declares that 
"we are witnessing at the present time 
a resurgence of faith in prayer," and 
from this viewpoint he collates Hie 
various recent discoveries in psychol- 
ogy, showing that, in their final anal- 
ysis, they afford a solid basis for this 
"supreme act of man's faith." His 
article is essentially practical in its 
aim, and should lie inspiring for those 
who would find in science a corrohora- 
tion of religious belief. 

* * 

Mr. Gaynor's Record as Mayor. 
Two articles related to Mayor Gay- 
nor are in The Century Magazine for 
Septemher. In one of these Mr. Gay- 
nor himself lays down the principles 
which are guiding him in facing the 
complex problems of city government. 
In the other, Mr. -lames Creelman sets 
forth "what has been saved and gained 
in New York in the first six months of 
Mayor Gaynor's administration." Mr, 
Creelman 's showing is an altogether 
surprising one and reveals a masterly 
suppression of jrrafl and an economy 
of millions of dollars in a -ity spending 
more than $200,000,000 a year. 

* * 

Theodore RooseveH is one of the few 
while men who h.'ivo ever seen a Xandi 
lion hunt, and his description in Hie 
Fiction Number of Scribner's Maga- 




KLIZA CALVERT HALL 



zine is the first complete account of 

one of the most dramatic episodes in 
his trip, when these wild tribesmen, 
armed only with their spears and 
shields killed a ferocious lion. In the 
same article Mi-. Roosevelt describes 
the journey of 160 miles through 
Uganda between Victoria and Albert 

Xyanza Lakes. 

* * 

John Fox. Jr., will have in the Fic- 
tion Number of Scribner's Magazine 
an account of a recent journey which 
he made to the scene of his novel, "The 
Little Shepherd of Kingdom Come." 
There in the mountains he found the 
counterpart today of "Chad" and 
"Mother Turner' and a young woman 
who was more beautiful than the "Me- 
lissa" of his story. Qeorge Wright, 
the artist, went over the ground with 
Mr. Fox, ami the illustrations accom- 
panying the article are authentic 
records of the mountain-people today. 

* * 

Do von remember the Napoleon craze 
of ,-i few years back — the craze that 
gave us dozens of plays about the Em- 
pire, such as "L'Aiglon" and "Mad- 
ame Sans Gene," and dozens of stories 

such as "Brigadier Gerard" and 
"When Yalmond Came to PontiacT" 
Do you remember how it was thought 



OUR LIBRARY TABLE 




49 



From "FLAMSTED QUARRIES" 

By Mary E. Waller Little, lirown & Co. 



they bad exhausted the lust poesibili- an, but was the organizer of The Alten- 
tirs of romance in the Great Shadow berg 8ka1 Club of Philadelphia, the 
of the Little Corporal? first sk;it Club tor women ever organ- 
Well, Harold MacGrath comes along ized in America, and, so far as known 
with "A Splendid Hazard" to show in the world. 

that, s<> far from being exhausted, the Germans, by whom the game was 

glamour of the great name may be cast originated, bad not considered their 

as alluringly as ever about a tale of ad- women mentally capable of coping 

venture and romance. with the difficulties of Skat, and there- 

Kut he owes it all to that day in the fore never encouraged their playing 

Louvre. Bobbs-Merrill Co., July, 1910. the game. In the ipring of 1906 Mrs. 

* » * Wager-Smith called together a few 

SKAT AND WOMEN. friends— good Whial and Bridge play- 

Blixabeth Wager-Smith, whose new era and taught them the game of 

book on Skat has just 1 n issued by Skat, and The AltenbUTg Skat Club 

the Lippincotts, not only had the dis- resulted in the spring of L907. 

tinction of writing the first hook on Several officer! of the German Skat 

that subject ever prepared by a worn- Leagues recognized Mrs. Wager- 



50 



THE MIDWESTERN 



Smith's services in the cause of Skat, 
and her claim to the title of pioneer 
of "Skat f or jjJVomen, " and she wears 
the button of the Northeastern Skat 
League. She is also an honorary mem- 
ber of The Brooklyn Women's Skat 
Club and The Page Skat Club of Bos- 
ton. 

Mrs. Wager-Smith won added fame 
by evolving the system of two-column 
scoring, an improvement over the old 
German system of scoring in one col- 
umn, which had been in use for a hun- 
dred years or more. 

* * * 
WHAT AUTHOR'S ARE DOING. 
John Reed Scott was in Philadelphia 
recently consulting his publishers, the 
J. B. Lippincott Company, in reference 
to a novel upon which he has been at 
work for some time, to be issued in 
the fall. As might be inferred from 
the fact that Mr. Scott has made his 
home in Annapolis during the last two 
winters, the ancient Maryland capital 
is to be the scene of his new tale, and 
the time late in the eighteenth cen- 
tury. 

Burton E. Stevenson, who made for 
himself an enviable position as a writer 
of fascinating French romance and ad- 
venture through "The Cadets of Gas- 
cony" and "At Odds with the Regent,' 
has completed a new novel which the 
Lippincotts will publish in the fall. 
Air. and Mrs. Stevenson sailed on May 
14th for Europe, where they will spend 
the summer. They will return, how- 
ever, about the middle of September 
in time for the launching of Mr. Stev- 
enson's latest romance. 

Mr. William Devereux, co-author 
with Stephen Lovell in the noveliza- 
tion of their successful play, ' ' Sir Wal- 
ter Raleigh," was an actor as well as 
a playwright. His first ^professional 
appearance was made in 1890, and the 
stage on which he appeared was no 
less an important one than the Me- 
morial Theatre at Stratford-on-Avon. 
For the first three years of his career 
he acted exclusively in Shakespeare. 
but later toured largely and acted in 
almost every form of the drama. 

Mr. Devereux has been most happy 
in writing plays around well-known 
historical characters, and has had pro- 



duced with great success "Robin 
Hood," "Henry of Navarre," and his 
latest play, "Sir Walter Raleigh," up- 
on which the novel "Raleigh," pub- 
lished by the Lippincotts this spring, 
was founded. 

"The Wild Olive," which the Har- 
per's have just put to press for another 
reprinting, illustrates again the fact 
that Australian taste in fiction is Amer- 
ican rather than English. A large 
part of this edition is to be sent to 
Australia in response to a cabled order 
based on a local judgment there from 
reading the first copies of "The Wild 
Olive." The last American novel to 
gain popularity in Australia was Rex 
Beach's "The Silver Horde." 

:<: >|: <S 

The appearance of the eleventh vol- 
ume of the works of James Buchanan, 
that monumental treasury of historical 
material which is being edited by Pro- 
fessor John Bassett Moore for the J. 
B. Lippincott Company, almost com- 
pletes the work, as it is planned to fin- 
ish it in twelve volumes. The new 
volume covers the period from 1860 
to 1868. 

* * * 

If all American children could be 
so fortunate as were "John and Betty" 
of Margaret Williamson's delightful 
book, and see the Mother Country of 
England under such favorable auspices 
as did these children, there would be 
little need of studying English history. 
A popular demand brought about the 
writing of this volume. An American 
brother and sister visit an English 
home, in which are also a brother and 
sister. The four children are chape- 
roned by the mother of the latter pair 
in little journeys to the scenes of fam- 
ous English places made famous by 
historical association. The book is 
finely illustrated, and handsomely 
printed by Lothrop, Lee and Sheperd. 
$1.25. 

* * * 

The record of a victory is always of 
a certain fascination, and when the 
victory is well deserved, the fascina- 
tion becomes n delight. Jrx "The Man 
Higher Up," Henry Russell Miller pic- 
tures the conquests of a man who en- 
lists one's sympathy from his very first 



OUR LIBRARY TABLE 




51 



MISS IKMA BUSSEY 
I M l'ussr \ , Imu a. 

iMiss liiissev lutudying elocution and i-- alreadj moat artUtic In interpretation 01 rariow rolei. 



entrance to the story, Cmde and mi- over his own spirit, brings a glow to 

formed, lie gradually asseris the inner the soul of the reader and makes him 

S( .lf until all untoward forms become more conscious of his own power, whan 

subservient to the Splendid force of in league with all the forces that make 

tlie real man. The vieiory of tins hrave for right, in the universe of mind. The 

soul, first, over material things, then, story is an alluring one and altogether 



52 



THE MIDWESTERN 



this is one of the best books ever put 
out by the great house of Bobbs-Mer- 
rill Co. $1.50. 

Sjc sfc * 

A really wonderful story for boys 
appears in "The Boys of Brookfield 
Academy" by Warren L. Eldred, that 
most popular writer of books for boys. 
A brainy and athletic young graduate 
has his trial in a school which has be- 
come demoralized through the influence 
of the wrong sort of secret society. 
He goes through fire in his efforts to 
bring order out of the chaos that pre- 
vails. After enduring about every 
trial that can originate in the minds 
of boys, he gradually wins over his 
pupils, makes ardent friends of them 
and wins out in a great victory both 
for himself and for the school. This 
dramatic story is replete with fun of 
a delicious sort and will be read with 
intense interest not by boys alone, but 
bv girls and the older ones as well. 
Lothrop, Lee & Shepard. $1.50. 

Anna Katharine Green has surpassed 
herself and her usual brilliancy in her 
latest novel, "The Whispering Pines," 
one of the great successes of the season 
from the house of G. P. Putnam's Sons. 
The reader is plunged into mystery in 
the first chapter when a lovely girl is 
found dead in a deserted club house 
set in the edge of a pine forest, on a 
winter's night. The rest of the story is 
set to unraveling this mystery. In the 
captivating way known only to Miss 
Green, the reader's fancy is led 
through intricate mazes until the final 
solving of the mystery. This is pre- 
eminently a book for a hammock on 
a midsummer day. It is handsomely 
illustrated. $1.50. 

& ♦ $ 

George Randolph Chester made a 
host of fast friends when he gave to 
the world that dearest of the decade's 
book heroes. Bobby Burnit. So when 
the Bobbs-Merrill people announced a 
new story by him, "The Early Bird." 
the deepest interest awaited its arrival. 
And their interest has been rewarded, 
many persons considering this latest 
book Mr. Chester's best one. The hero, 
Sam Turner, is almost as dear as Bobby 
was, and quite as enchanting as a nov- 



ice who came to know how to win, both 
in business and in love. Mr. Chester's 
men are refreshing. They have real 
souls and real minds, and no matter 
what vicissitudes they encounter, they 
never lose their integrity. To thus 
make true manliness the most desirable 
thing for a man is a fine characteristic 
of Mr. Chester's work. Sam Turner's 
method of success in business was that 
of the "early bird" who gets the first 
and fattest grub, often the only one 
to be had. The wit of the story bubbles 
over from start to finish. Altogether 
this is a most readable story and one 
calculated to still further endear the 
author to the English reading public. 
$1.50. 

The Putnam's have done the public 
a real favor in the issuance of "The 
Real Roosevelt," a compilation of the 
great ex-president's forceful utterances 
by Alan Warner. Lyman Abbott fur- 
nishes a foreword for the volume. Even 
the best informed reader of Roose- 
velt's writings and speeches Puds .much 
to surprise him in the wonderful va- 
riety of topics handled so forcefully 
by this great American. The compila- 
tion is so classified and arranged as 
to make it of especial value to the 
student. G. P. Putnam's Sons. $1.00. 

"A Splendid Hazard," by Harold 
McGrath is one of the immensely pop- 
ular books of the season, following up 
the author's great success of "The 
Lure of the Mask" and "The Goose 
Girl." A motive for the story is found 
in a delightful old enthusiast whose 
hobby is the history of pirates and 
piracy. One day he finds through a 
series of circumstances a box hidden 
in a chimney of his old mansion, con- 
taining papers which tell of hidden 
treasures on the island of Corsica, 
which hud been gathered to rescue Na- 
poleon from Elba. The scheme had 
failed and the treasure still lay hidden 
after a hundred years had passed. The 
old Admiral, with a party of guests, 
immediately put to sea in his yacht, in 
search of the lost treasure. About 
these incidents is woven a fascinating 
tale, in which each member of the dra- 
matis personae plays an important 



OUR LIBRARY TABLE 



53 



part. All admirers of Mr. McGrath 
will love this latest story. Much in- 
terest is added by the exquisite illus- 
trations done by Howard Chandler 
Christy. Bobbs-Merrill Co. $1.50. 



A most unusual novel is presented 
by the Metropolitan Press in "A Vic- 
torious Life" by Leonora B. Halstead. 
In it is shown the meaning of the deep 
undercurrent of human life, and the 
stormy road to victory of the spirit 
over material things. A splendid 
woman is the character about which 
the story revolves. Her very super- 
iority makes life difficult for her. Ev- 
ery victory is dearly bought. But she 
gradually emerges, suffering, that she 
may live and climb to higher things. 
An intense realism pervades this force- 
ful story. The public will look for- 
ward with interest to more work from 
the pen of this gifted writer. $1.50. 



Theodore Roosevelt in the September 
Scribner gives an account of the least 
known of the African great game, the 
so-called "White" or square-mouthed 
rhino, which has become practically ex- 
tinct in South Africa, but of which a 
few specimens remain in the Lado 
along the Nile. Kermit succeeded in 
taking a series of striking and valuable 
pictures of the white rhino alive. 



Many years ago, before the Klondike 
craze, an unknown young man sent to 
Scribner 's Magazine an article, which 
was immediately accepted and pub- 
lished, giving an account of Iris experi- 
ences on a journey through the White 
Pass to the Yukon. The article was ac- 
cepted because of its striking quality 
of adventurous narrative; its author is 
the now celebrated General Frederick 
Punston. Scribner 's will begin in Sep- 
tember a series of papers by General 
Punston, giving those experiences of 
his romantic career which were asso- 
ciated with General Gomez, whose chief 
of artillery he became. The narrative 
is a unique record of adventure, writ- 



ten with humor and power of graphic 
delineation. 



Little, Brown & Co., the Boston pub- 
lishers, announce one of the strongest 
lists of books for fall publications that 
this old-established house has ever is- 
sued. In fiction there will be Mary E. 
Wallace's new American novel "Flam- 
sted Quarries," which promises to rival 
in popularity "The Wood-carver of 
'Lympus, " by the same author; E. 
Phillips Oppenheim's fall novel, "The 
Lost Ambassador," with colored illus- 
trations by Howard Chandler Christy ; 
the separate publication of Eliza Cal- 
vert Hall's masterpiece, "Sally Ann's 
Experience" from her "Aunt Jane of 
Kentucky;" "The Man and the Drag- 
on," a political story by Alexander 
Otis, author of "Hearts are Trumps;" 
"The Quests of Paul Beck," stirring 
detective exploits by McDonnell Bod- 
kin ; and a new edition of two of Anne 
Warner's books of Susan ( legg stories 
under the title of "Susan Clegg, Her 
Friend and Her Neighbors." 



The Moth. 

Alice Reid in September St. Nicholas. 
I found him sitting on a rose ; 

He was so line and small 
'Tis almost to exaggerate 

To say he was, at all. 

He stood and tilted on my hand ; 

He stepped as if he thought; 
His tiny sails of white and blue, 

Of sheerest fancy wrought. 

He raised and Tanned, and fanned 
a.'rain, 

And slill he would not go — 
The common air was all too rough 

To trust his shallop to. 

Back to his rose I bore him then; 

He launched without delay, 
And on the breathing of the rose 

Was spii ited away. 



54 



THE .MIDWESTERN 



An Unostentatious Governor. 

Harmon appeals to the Ohioan 
whether that Buckeye's political no- 
tions dovetail with the Harman brand 
of politics or no. Because Harman is, 
to use the expression of a Holmes 
County farmer who was analyzing the 
merits and demerits of the State exec- 
utive, "jes' so durn common." 

"I'll tell ye, boys, ' ' he said. ' ' I went 
down t' th' state house an' I walked 
right into th' Governor's office an' I 
sez, sez I, 'Where's Jud?' An' right 
then he comes a-walkin' out an' he 
grabs me by th' hand and he asts me 
where I'm from an' hands me a stogy 
• an', by cracky, when I tells him my 
name and that I'm from 01' Holmes, 
why, he asts me about a lot of th' fel- 
lers up here an' takes me by th' arm 
and we walks out o' the capitol to- 
gether. He ain't no more stuck up 
than you be." 

Which homely estimate casts an in- 
tense and interesting sidelight on J. 
Harmon. He may not be feverishly in- 
terested in you, but he has a quiet, un- 
obtrusive way of making you believe 
that he has been sitting up and waiting 
to greet you since the dawn of history. 
Not an ostentatious palaver, under- 
stand, but just a natural, friendly sort 
of a way with him that you 're 'bound to 
recognize and appreciate and swell up 
about. — From "Judson Harmon of 
Ohio," by Sloane Gordon, in the Amer- 
ican Eeview of Reviews for September. 



Maeterlinck May Come. 

There seems to be some possibility 
that Maurice Maeterlinck will come to 
America as the guest of the New The- 
atre. Maeterlinck's fame, based on 
"Monna Vanna" and "Sister Be- 
atrice" in the theatre, is now firmly 
fixed in the library as well — "Monna 
Vanna" as a book being in far greater 
demand than "Monna Vanna" as an 
acting play. 



"What the Public Wants." 

Bookish talk in various quarters has 
indicated recently that the reading 
public is taking more kindly to the es- 



say and is, in fact, beginning to buy 
volumes of this kind in appreciable 
guantities. Fresh evidence of this is 
the printing this week of another edi- 
tion of "The Human Way," by Louise 
Collier Wilcox. It is not yet a year 
old, and to achieve a reprinting before 
a birthday is not common for a book of 
the class of "The Human Way." 



Some One Might Get Hurt. 

Pietro had drifted down to Florida 
and was working with a gang at rail- 
road construction. He had been told 
to beware of rattlesnakes, but assured 
that they would always give the warn- 
ing rattle before striking. 

One hot day he was eating his noon 
luncheon on a pine log when he saw a 
big rattler coiled a few feet in front of 
him. He eyed the serpent and began 
to lift his legs over the log. He had 
barely got them out of the way when 
the snake's fangs hit the bark beneath 
him. 

"Son of a guna!" yelled Pietro. 
"Why you no ringa da bell?" — Every- 
body's Magazine. 



Touching Memories Recalled. 

There were introductions all around. 
The big man stared in a puzzled way 
at the club guest. "You look like a 
a man I've seen somewhere, Mr. Blink- 
er," he said. "Your face seems fa- 
miliar. I fancy you have a double. And 
a funny thing about it is that I remem- 
er I formed a strong prejudice against 
the man who looks like you — although, 
I'm quite sure, we never met." 

The little guest softly laughed. "I'm 
the man," he answered, "and I know 
why you formed the prejudice. I 
passed the contribution plate for two 
years in the church you attended." — 
Everybody's Magazine. 



Woman's Home Companion for Sep- 
tember. 

Women are planning their fall ward- 
robes now and rejuvenating- their 
houses, and the beautiful September 
issue of the Woman's Home Companion 



OUR LIBRARY TABLE 



55 



comes to us in the nick of time. Miss 
Gould, the Fashion Editor, shows all 
the points of the autumn styles, and a 
new department. "Home Decoration 
and Handicraft," will serve as an in- 
spiration for the home lover. 

In this issue begins an unusually 
thrilling story of the stage by Hulbert 
Pootner, entitled "True Love." Short 
stories by Mary Hastings, Annie Ham- 
ilton Donnell, and Grace Keon, to- 
gether with another installment of 
"Brothers Four," which is drawing to 
a close, complete an assortment of fic- 
tion rarely found in a magazine. 

There is also a large reproduction in 
full color of Jessie Willcox Smith's 
painting, "Little Drops of Water," 
which is another of her charming series 
illustrating familiar verses of child- 
hood. 

Mrs. Burton Harrison relates, in a 
charming manner, her reminiscences of 
the famous men and women who have 
gathered in her drawing-room. 

"Taking Royalty by Storm," by 
Amy Sutton Reyner, is a fascinating 
and vivid account of the Roosevelt tour 
in Europe. 



Mr. Howells's Last Tribute to Mark 
Twain. 

Out of a nature rich and fertile be- 
yond any I have known, the material 
given him by the Mystery that makes 
a man and then leaves him to make 
himself over, he wrought a character of 
high nobility upon a foundation of 
clear and solid truth. At the last day 
he will not have to confess anything, 
for all his life was the free knowledge 
of any one who would ask him of it. 
The Searcher of hearts will not bring 
him to shame at that day, for lie did 
not try to hide any of the things for 
which he was often so bitterly sorry. 
He knew where the responsibility lay, 
and he took a man's share of it brave- 
ly; but not the less fearlessly lie left 
the rest of the answer to the God who 
had imagined men. 

It is in vain that 1 try to give a no- 
tion of the intensity with which he 
pierced to the heart of things, and the 
breadth of vision with which he com- 



passed the whole world, and tried for 
the reason of things, and then left try- 
ing. We had other meetings, insignifi- 
cantly sad and brief; but the last time 
I saw him alive was made memorable 
to me by the kind, clear judicial sense 
with which he explained and justified 
the labor-unions as the sole present 
help of the weak against the strong. 

Next I saw him dead, lying in his 
coffin amidst those bowers with which 
we garland our despair in that pitiless 
hour. After the voice "of his old friend 
Twichell had been lifted in the prayer, 
which it wailed through in broken- 
hearted supplication, I looked a mo- 
ment at the face I knew so well; and it 
was patient with the patience I had so 
often seen in it : something of a puzzle, 
a great silent dignity, an assent to 
what must be, from the depths of a na- 
ture whose tragical seriousness broke 
in the laughter which the unwise took 
for the whole of him. 

Emerson, Longfellow, Lowell, Holmes 
— I knew them all : sages, poets, seers, 
critics, humorists ; they were like each 
other and like other literary men ; but 
Clemens was sole, incomparable, the 
Lincoln of our literature. — W. D. How- 
ells, in Harper's Magazine for Septem- 
ber. 



One of the greatest books for a de- 
cade comes to us from the pen of a new 
writer, Mrs. I. A. R. Wyllie, a story of 
India called "The Native Born." Noth- 
ing so true to life, so thrilling in plot, 
so exquisitely told has been seen since 
the popular novel, "On the Face of the 
Waters," also the work of an English 
woman. For a first book, this is a re- 
markable piece of work. The Marut 
uprising is taken as the theme of the 
story, and the story itself is daring and 
unconventional. A young and power- 
ful "Rajah, of fabulous wealth, great 
nobleness and beauty of character, and 
a lovely daughter of an English adven- 
turess are the central figures of the 
story, and the development of this girl 
from a heartless flirt into a glorious 
woman, through the Rajah's belief in 
find worship of her, is so greatly told 
that it wins for the book a high place 
in contemporaneous literature. The 



56 



THE MIDWESTERN 



pictures of the life of an Indian mili- 
tary post, the contempt of the English 
for the people they govern, the pitiful 
side of native life, and the heroism of 
the English soldier, all are finely drawn 
and enlist the sympathy of the reader. 
This is a book to read and re-read, each 
time to find more beauty and a greater 
charm. It is attractively brought out 
by Bobbs-Merrill Co. $1.50. 



Doubleday, Page & Co. have given us 
a treat in "The Power and the Glory," 
by Grace MacGowan Cooke. It is a 
powerful setting forth of conditions in 
the mill towns of the south, as well as 
a novel of deep interest. A lovely girl 
of the mountains who is ambitious to 
help along the family by earning 
money in the mills is the joy and 
brightness of a picture which without 
her might seem overdark and gloomy. 
Her lovelines and sweetness never de- 
sert her and prove the guiding light for 
all about her. Once take up this vol- 
ume its fascination wil hold you to the 
end. Doubleday, Page & Co. $1.50. 



National Educational Association has 
elected a woman to the presidency — 
Mrs. Ella Plagg Young — whose world- 
wide reputation in educational circles 
was accentuated a year ago by her ap- 
pointment as Superintendent of Educa- 
tion for the great city of Chicago, in 
itself an unmistakable diploma of phe- 
nomenal ability, and a tribute of sin- 
cere affection and admiration from her 
fellow-teachers and associate educators. 
of Chicago, among whom she has la- 
bored nearly all her life, and who feel 
for her a love akin to reverence. 

Of medium height and quiet but ac- 
tive bearing, with bright expressive 
eyes and hair tinged with gray, Mrs. 
Young at once impresses a new ac- 
quaintance with a stron ( g but charming 
sense of her superiority in her chosen 
life-work. Friends have often claimed 
that she reminded them of Abraham 
Lincoln, and perhaps the contour of 
her face and her large deeply-set eyes, 
whose somewhat sad expression lights 
up with a genial and helpful interest 
which wins every heart, warrant their 
oft-repeated declaration. — Joe Mitchell 
Chappie, in "Affairs at Washington," 
in the National Magazine for Septem- 
ber. 



"The Window at the White Cat" has 
already had scores of readers who pro- 
nounce it the best thing that has come 
from the pen of Mrs. Rinehart. The 
mystery is more elusive and fascinating 
than in her previous stories and the 
situations are stronger. Also, the de- 
licious fun running through it all is in 
the writer's best vein. Mrs. Rinehart 's 
strong hold upon the public favor is 
easy to understand after reading this 
book. Although a mystery story, it is 
altogether lacking in cheap sensational- 
ism and the leading characters are 
drawn from noble ideals. The young 
people of the family may read this 
story with the elders and all enjoy it 
together. It is having an unprece- 
dented sale. Bobbs, Merrill Co. $1 .50. 



Mrs. Ella Flagg Young. 

For the first time in its history, the 



"Please." 

Eunice Ward in September St. Nich- 
olas. 
There was a small person who couldn't 

spell "please ;" 
She tried it with double "e," just as in 

cheese, 
She thought that it might have a "z," 

as in sneeze. 
Or else that the letters were placed just 

like these. 
Impatient, she cried that the word was 

a tease ! 
But that didn't help her (how 

strange!) to spell "please." 



OUR LIBRARY TABLE 



57 



The issue of Harper's Weekly for 
September 3d contains the first of a 
series of amusing travel sketches upon 
a novel plan by John Kendrick Bangs, 
entitled "Table d'Hote Talks." Sydney 
Brooks, writing from London, contrib- 
utes "An English View of Taft." 
Charles Johnston, in "The Motorist 
and the Law," describes some of the 
amusing, consistent, and inconsistent 
regulations which must be observed by 
automobilists in the Eastern States. 
This issue contains a thriling story by 
"Viator," and the usual editorial, 
financial, and other features. 



Four Roads to Happiness. 

In the new book, "The Science of 
Happiness," Dr. Henry Smith Williams 
points out that "four great parallel 
highways lead toward happiness — the 
highway of the physical senses, the 
highway of the intellect, the highway 
of social intercourse, and the highway 
of moral aspiration. The man has at- 
tained most happiness who has trav- 
elled as far as his hereditary limita- 
tions will permit on each of these 
paths." The book published in Amer- 
ica this summer by the Harpers, has 
just been brought out in London 1 y the 
same house. 



essary and carry on war together. You 
never saw any other bird aid a crow, 
or help a hawk, or express any sym- 
pathy for an English sparrow, but you 
may easily see a flock of half a dozen 
sorts of birds, led by a king bird, in hot 
chase after a marauding crow. — E. P. 
Powell in the September Outing. 



Robert Edson was standing in front 
of the thermometer, madly mopping his 
brow. Nevertheless, he smiled. "Be- 
cause it is so hot it couldn't possibly be 
hotter," he explained, "and so it must 
get cooler soon. Nothing really mat- 
ters, that doesn't last. You see, I take 
the same point of view as the waiter 
my friend Smythe wanted to kill on the 
first trip abroad. 

"At the first meal on board the ocean 
liner Smythe was beginning to feel like 
casting his bread upon the waters. His 
friends had told him that when he be- 
gan to feel that way he should stuff 
himself. He tackled a cutlet first, but 
somehow it didn't taste right. He ob- 
served to the waiter: 

" 'Waiter, this cutlet isn't very 
good.' 

"The waiter looked at his whitening 
face, then said : 

" 'Yes, sir; but for the length of 
time you'll 'ave it, li 'it won't matter, 
sir.'" — September Young's Magazine. 



Red Squirrels and Crows a Menace. 

Some of my friends insist that the 
red squirrel and the crow and the hawk 
can also be made allies, but when I find 
a crow on the edge of a robin's nest, 
with one of the young birds in his beak, 
I have no inclination to cultivate his 
acquaintance. The red squirrel is even 
worse, and when I hear an outcry 
among my bluebirds and tangers, 1 am 
almost certain that one of these wicked 
whisking beauties is somewhere among 
my trees. Say what you will for him, 
he lacks a conscience, lives for himself 
alone, and preys on anything he can 
eat. He makes no friendships and rec- 
ognizes no alliances. 

This is true also of the English spar- 
row, so far as I can observe 1 . A robin 
has friends and so have all the song 
birds. They will join forces when nee- 



After months of preparation, and 
careful supervision since his return by 
Mr. Roosevelt, his great book, "Afri- 
can Game Trails," appears al over the 
United States, in England, France, 
Germany and Sweden, on Wednesday, 
August 24th. In order that the tremen- 
dous initial demand might be prompt- 
ly met, Messrs. Charles Scribner's Sons 
have printed the book both in the East 
and in the West, and every effort is 
making to distribute the book with 
equal celerity through tin' dozen or 
more central agencies of Messrs. Scrib- 
ner in the great cities from New York 
to San Francisco. Owing to the rail- 
way strike several carloads of paper 
were delayed on the Grand Trunk, and 
lor this reason it is possible that some 
persons may not receive their copies as 
promptly as others. 



RISE AND PROGRESS OF THE MINERS' 
ORGANIZATION. 

John P. White, President District 13, U. M W. A. 




JOHN P, WHITE 

fr\ HE history of the labor movement 
I among the miners of Iowa ami 
-*■ the nation teems with interest at 
every stage. There have been 
struggles and sacrifices many. We 
recall the miners' conditions twenty- 
five years ago, a lour and unorganized. 
Then the operator was master of the 
situation and wielded his power ac- 
cording to his disposition. He dictat- 
ed the terms on which men might 
work, fixed the hours and arbitrated 
all disputes. The miners must accept 
his decisions, whatever they might be, 
and had no means of coping with the 
odds he laced. 

.More than this, the operator dictat- 
ed where the miner should spend his 
earnings. II' any among the miners 
'.\ere aggressive ami rebelled against 
hose unfavorable conditions, these 
men were singled out and "put upon" 
by the employer until they were com- 



pelled to seek new employment. The 
black list of that day was not so 
terrible as the Black Hand of our day, 
but it was dreaded by all miners in 
those times and was used against every 
man who championed the cause of in- 
dustrial liberty. 

We are greatly indebted today to 
the men who advised rebellion against 
these conditions and helped to throw 
them off. Our splendid organization 
is the result of their effort. Let us 
pay tribute to the brave men who 
planted the seeds in good ground from 
which sprang our liberty and union. 

The present organization of District 
Thirteen, or more properly speaking, 
reorganization, dates back to March, 
1899. Wages had fallen to a very low 
plane, and the conditions of employ- 
ment were scarcely to be tolerated. 
While it may be said they were not so 
bad, generally speaking, in Iowa as 
existed in other more important min- 
ing states in the country, yet they 
were bad enough to compel the miners 
to recognize that their only hope for 
employment lay in united organiza- 
tion; hence a few of the faithful, as is 
always the case, banded themselves to- 
gether and formed what is known as 
District Thirteen, secured a charter 
from our International association, 
which at that time was branching out 
to deal with the situation throughout 
the country. With the work of the 
organization completed and their of- 
ficers selected, the task of organizing 
the state began in earnest, and. under 
the leadership of that pioneer, L. P. 
Joyce, who was chosen president, much 
good work was accomplished. Stub- 
born resistance was offered to the ad- 
vancement of the organization, but 
step by step eaidi and every obstacle 
was surmounted, new administrations 
.succeeded others, ami the work was 
carried out with unabated vigor, and 
at last the operators were compelled to 

recognize the union and u t the 

chosen representatives of this organiz- 
ation in joint conference. 

The advancement has been phc- 



RISE AND PROGRESS OF THE MINERS' ORGANIZATION 



59 



nomenal. The first demand was a 
shorter work day. This secured, we 
then plead for better conditions and 
higher wages. Old systems gave way 
to more enlightened methods until the 
United Mine Workers today enjoy as 
much of the fruits of their labor as 
any labor order in the world. They 
have gathered strength by rational 
conduct, have gained public esteem 
and brought to them the moral sup- 
port of all mankind. They have bro- 
ken down the barriers that seemed to 
doom them to poverty and oppression. 
Industrial peace has followed fast 
in the wake of this pioneer effort. The 
joint conference is not a panacea for all 
ills, but it is a remarkable improvement 
over the past and is a forerunner of the 
day when universal arbitration will 
settle these disputes quickly and 
peaceably. 

Since 1898 the 11 and 12 hour a day 
system has changed to 8 hours a day 
and wages have advanced 30 per cent, 
while many unfavorable conditions 
have been removed. Indiscriminate 
shot firing, bad ventilation in the 
mines have gone and our organization 
is largely responsible. These condi 
tions are not all ideal, but are many 
steps toward daylight and freedom. 

On January 24, 1902, there occurred 
the greatest mining disaster in Iowa's 
history at Lost Creek, Iowa, wherein 
twenty of our members lost their lives, 
and a large number of others were 
seriously and painfully injured, due to 
an explosion in said mine. Up until 
this time all efforts of the miners 
proved fruitless of practical results in 
convincing the legislature and the pub- 
lic that even in Iowa the miners stood 
in need of some protection from these 
dreadful disasters that have swept so 
many miners into untimely graves. 

Finally, when this occurred, the 
legislature of the state of Iowa, 
then in session, adopted a joint 
resolution calling upon the gov- 
ernor to create a commission to inves- 
tigate the causes of explosions in Iowa 
coal mines and recommend a means 
for their prevention. Tins was done, 
and while the miners contended thai 



the coal companies employ shot fire- 
men, the legislature compromised the 
issue by compelling the operators to 
employ only the examiners whose duty 
it is to examine the shots in the inter- 
est of property. The miners being 
defeated in this respect by several leg- 
islatures, have established the shot fir 
ing system everywhere, and by ar 
rangement with the operators the ex- 
penses are eqaally borne between the 
two. Outside of the eight-hour work 
day, no reform is so essential as the 
"Once a day shooting" and has had 
such a splendid effect upon the miners 
that under no circumstances would 
either operator or miner care to return 
to the old system that was marked by 
death, disease and slaughter. 

Another important work is the child 
labor reform. Today no boy under 14 
can work in a coal mine and in shoot- 
ing mines not under 16 years. This 
has left the young boys out to attend 
school and get the rudiments of an 
education. This is only the first step 
of our organization toward better 
schools and the bettering of conditions 
in every way in our mining towns. To 
this end an important commission was 
established at the last general confer- 
ence of District Thirteen that shall 
take up in a special way all these 
physical, mental and moral questions. 
The operators and miners organiza 
tions are alike interested, and great 
good is sure to come of it. This was 
and is especially needed in the better- 
ing of miners' homes. We realize that 
miners camps cannot become perma- 
nent and that many home comforts 
must be denied, but there are many 
improvements that can be made and 
Ave feel confident will be as a result of 
this commission. 

Go with me to the average mining 
camp and witness the deplorable con 
ditions, no paint, no sidewalks, no 
foundation walls, insufficient sanitary 
conditions in every way, and you will 
wonder how the miners endure them 
at all. r l Mie lofty aim of this commis- 
sion is to change this, to add a toncl: 
of comfort and refinement that will 
make camp life more durable, that will 
lift the mental and moral being of the 



60 



THE MIDWESTERN 



inmates to a higher plane. It is need- 
ed. It must be had. 

Coal mining is one of the nation's 
greatest employments. The occupa- 
tion is hazardous, death lurks in the 
dark, damp depths of the mine and 
widows and orphans are many on ac- 
count of it. Coal makes our present 
civilization possible. The wheels of 
commerce cannot run without it, fac 
tories would be dead, and homes de 
serted but for this great branch of in- 
dustry. Capital is entitled to great 
credit for the part it has done in the 
development of the mines, but there 
can be no comparison with the debt 
we owe to the men who do the work 
far down in the earth amid dangers 
fierce and frequent. 

District Thirteen is one of the 
wealthiest districts of the United Mine 
Workers. In 1899, when only a frag- 
mentary movement, it possessed a cash 
balance in its treasury of $1,037.32. 
On May 7, 1910, it had to its credit 
$502,018. .93. At the same period it 
had a membership of 16,637 1-2 mem- 
bers. Prom 1908 to February, 1910, 
this organization paid $65,317 from its 
death and endowment fund for death 



benefits ; $59,017 for members and $6,- 
300 for the wives of members. (The 
organization about one year ago em- 
bracing this new feature by providing 
that on the death of a member's wife 
they would pay $50.) 

During the recent suspension this 
organization was able, and in accord- 
ance with its laws, paid to each and 
every member in good standing ten 
dollars out-of-work benefits at the end 
of the six weeks' suspension. It re- 
cently loaned to the parent organiza- 
tion, the National Union, the sum of 
$60,000. It loaned to its striking broth- 
ers in Illinois the sum of $100,000 in 
order that they might better prosecute 
their demands and bring final and ulti- 
mate victory to the miners who were 
striking for improved conditions of 
employment. It pays all the expenses 
of conventions, such as printing, per 
diem of delegates, transportation, hotel 
bills, etc. It derives its revenue 
through a ten per cent per member 
monthly per capita tax and one per 
cent defense fund is paid from the 
gross earnings of each member of the 
organization. 



IOWA COAL INDUSTRY 

AS VIEWED FROM STANDPOINT OF AN OPERATOR 
John P. Reese, President of Iowa Operators Association 



IF the writer of this article was to 
make the statement that there was 
more grief to the dollar of profit 
in the Iowa coal industry than in 
any other business or industry within 
the borders of the state, he would 
hardly expect to convince the readers 
of its correctness, yet to the best of 
his knowledge, the statement, if some- 
what broad, is also true. 

From locating a coal field to collect- 
ing for the coal after it has been sold 
and shipped to market, the risk is very 
great, much greater than in most other 
lines of business. 

But notwithstanding the above facts, 
it is a very interesting game and there 
is no shortage of players willing to 
play. This seems to be true of ali 
risky undertakings. 



Prospecting For Coal. 

Tens of thousands of dollars are 
spent annually in "looking for" 
(drilling) new fields, and very few in- 
deed are discovered, and when one is 
discovered, eighty per cent of the land 
owners think they have optioned too 
cheap and proceed to treat you as 
though you had robbed them. This 
often results in "hold-up" prices for 
lands necessary for townsite, railroads, 
etc., and it also causes higher royalty 
to be paid for additional acreage not 
covered by the original options. 

Development. 

The field having been located and' 
proved by drilling, it is not yet cer- 
tain that it will be a profitable field to 
operate, for the coal deposits of Iowa 



IOWA COAL INDUSTRY 



61 



Right now is the time 

to be putting in your 

Winter's Supply 

of Coal 

We handle only high grade Coals, 
such as "Scranton Hard Coal", '"Ken- 
tucky Gem," "Ocean Smokeless," "Il- 
linois Brilliant" and "Iowa Purity." 

We would like to have you for a customer and guarantee 
you Satisfaction. Our Motto: "Coal delivered when 
promised." Get busy and order your Coal now. 

GLOBE COAL CO. 

WHOLESALE and RETAIL 




611 GRAND AVE. 



BOTH PHONES 



are very faulty and it often happens 
that fields that appear "good things" 
from the drilling, prove on develop- 
ment to be "unworkable." This is 
sometimes caused by water, sometimes 
by defective roof and other times by 
faults, conditions that cannot be de- 
termined except by spending a large 
sum of money to sink shafts, equip 
and develop them. 

Railroad and Townsite. 

Having proved that we have a field 
that can be worked, it is necessary to 
connect our mine with a railroad to 
get our coal to market. We may be 
only a quarter or half a mile from the 
railroad or may be five or ten miles. 
If the former distance, we are very 
fortunate and our railroad connection 
will not cost us over five or ten thou- 
sand dollars, but if we are the latter 
distance, we must find some very strong 
backing or we will find it necessary to 
sell our field to the railroad at a very 
low figure or turn it over for stock in 



a big company who can get money 
enough to build the railroad. 

The market connections arranged 
for, it is now necessary to build to 
town, for we must have men, lots of 
them, to operate a coal mine, and as 
a rule coal fields are not discovered 
within the city limits. 

You will have guessed by this time 
that it costs some money to get into 
the coal business in Iowa. 

Market. 

Now that we are prepared to mine 
and market coal for and at a profit 
and have put in from six months to 
two years and have invested from fifty 
to two hundred and fifty thousand dol 
lars, where is the market for our coal? 
There are no factories closed down 
waiting for our coal to fire up with, 
the railroads we connected with are 
burning coal from somewhere and the 
farmers whose coal rights we bought 
or leased are burning "West Virginia 
Splint," "Pocahontas Smokeless," or 



62 



THE MIDWESTERN 



Illinois "Washed Nut," so it is evi- 
dent that we must find the market. 
Therefore we are not in a position to 
dictate the prices at which our coal 
shall be sold, hut must take a price at 
which we can sell it. 

Labor Question. 

Our employes will all be members 
of the United Mine Workers of Amer- 
ica, the strongest labor union in the 
world, from the time we start to sink 
our shaft, so we will have nothing to 
say about the wages we will pay or 
the hours we will operate. Those mat- 
ters have all been settled by the "Des 
Moines Agreement," which is made 
once every two years and usually at 
the end of a strike or suspension. You 
can have your say at the next scale 
meeting in 1912. 

Damage Suits. 

Mining is hazardous and we will 
have accidents, no matter how hard we 
try to avoid them. Men will get in- 
jured and killed in coal mines as long 
as coal mines are operated, and every 
county seat has lawyers who will take 
any kind of a damage suit against a 
coal company on the basis of fifty per 
cent, hence we will find it necessary 
to carry employers' liability insurance, 
which costs about one per cent of our 
gross pay roll. 

Finances. 

The average banking institution of 
the state does not extend credit to a 
coal company as it does to other in- 
dustries. It is next to impossible to 
sell a bond on a coal property, regard- 
less of the rate 6f interest or the length 
of time they are to run, and ninety per 
cent of the short time loans, negotiated 
to meet the pay roll, are endorsed by 
the manager. This speaks well for our 
bankers, but it. is rather hard on the 
coal man. 

SELLING PRICES. 

We often read in the press that the 
"Coal Trust" has done thus and so, 
and the "Board of Control" refuses 
to accept any of the bids submitted 
because "the prices were higher than 
last year, and because the bids were 
nearly all the same price at the mine 
j'or the same grade of coal. ' ' 

The reporter did not know that the 
miners received an advance in wages 
last spring to prevent a long strike at 
the coal mines, which would cost the 



state millions of dollars ; neither did 
he know that all coal operators in the 
district pay the same scale of wages 
and have the closed shop and the 
eight-hour day, and that they all pay 
the same prices for material, such as 
timber, rails, oil, corn, hay, etc. ; neith 
er did the reporter know that they all 
pay about the same royalty and their 
investment is about the same according 
to the amount of business they do, the 
same as the farmers, bankers, mer- 
chants and miners. If the reporter 
knew these facts he would not be sur- 
prised at the bids being "higher than 
last year" and about all the same fig 
ure, for do not the farmers all get the 
same price for their hay, corn, cattle 
and hogs ? And do not the bankers all 
charge the same rate of interest and 
the same amount for a draft? Do not 
the merchants all sell eggs, butter, 
flour and soap at about the same price ? 
Then, why not a "Farmers Trust," a 
"Bankers Trust" and a "Merchants 
Trust?" 

Profits. 

The coal operators, like all other 
business men, are not in the business 
for their health, but to make a profit 
on their investment. Sometimes they 
succeed in making a good profit, often 
they make no profit and very often 
they lose their investment, and on the 
average the profits have been small as 
compared with the losses. We do not. 
have one millionaire operator in Iowa, 
but we have scores of ex-coal operators 
who "went broke" and we have many 
old men who have operated Iowa coal 
mines for "lo, these many years," and 
are still unable to retire and live in 
comfort. 

Coming Season. 

The prices of coal during the coming 
winter will of necessity be higher, and 
coal will be hard to get at any price, 
if we have a hard winter. This will 
be the result of the all summer strike 
in Illinois and Missouri. The Iowa 
operator will make a good profit as a 
result unless the railroads are unable 
to give them good service, which some- 
times happens when prices are the 
best. 

My advice to the public is, lay in 
the winter's supply of coal early this 
year and "avoid the rush" and the 
high prices. 



DES MOINES COAL COMPANIES 



63 



MAPLE BLOCK COAL 
COMPANY 

One of the important enterprises in 
the great Des Moines coal field, is the 
Maple Block Coal Company, located on 
the Rock Island tracks six miles east 
of the Capital City. The officers of 
this organization are : President, 
Chas. Shuler, Davenport ; superintend- 
ent, H. M. Shuler, Des Moines ; secre- 
tary, J. W. Gilchrist, Davenport ; gen- 
eral manager, John Ramsey, Oska 
loosa, and treasurer, John Shuler, Des 
Moines. 

The main office of the company is at, 
417 East Sixth street, Des Moines 
They employ a large force of men, 
most of whom live in Des Moines and 
contribute immensely to the business 
of the city. Every grocer, market 
man, jeweler, clothier, in fact every 
business man knows what it means to 
have 350 to 400 well paid miners in 
their midst, and it is this in part thai 
makes the Maple Block coal popular 
The other reason why the people cail 
for Maple Block is that it is a pure 
type of black diamond that burns well 
and satisfies everyone who uses it. 

The coal is prepared over an "8-inch 
shaker screen, and all dirt is eliminat 
ed. It is absolutely hand-picked be- 
fore it goes into the car or wagon, so 
that users of Maple Block buy only 
coal. They use the Christy box car 
loader, and sell both wholesale and 
retail. They are open for engagements 



CEMENT 

Plaster Board (9 
Metal Lath &/ 
Wall Plaster 



# 
V 



Call for Information 
Regarding Material 
and Prices. 



+* 



Phones 130 



4f 






., a? Mortar 
A^ Colors 

^V? <£> Sewer Pipe 
Fire Brick 
Etc. 



4, 



LIME 



4? 



OFFICE 
5 1 I Mulberry Street 

Warehouse, Tenth and Vine Sts 



in any and every market and guaran 
tee a prime article of coal. 

The city trade of Des Moines always 
gets prompt and generous treatment, 
and the 1910-11 business with Maple 
Block is better organized than ever be- 
fore. Try us. 

MAPLE BLOCK COAL CO., 
417 E. 6th St., Des Moines. 



GIVE YOUR SEASON'S ORDER FOR COAL TO THE 

EVANS=LLOYD COAL CO. 

Hard and Soft Coal at the Right Prices 

PUT YOUR WINTER COAL IN NOW 

EVANS-LLOYD COAL CO. 

Both Phones 216 Sixth Avenue 



Pleas* ■Mention "The Midwestern" in Answering Ads. We Would Appreciate It. 



THE RETAIL 

E L. Lloyd, Presiden 



COAL DEALER 

t Evans-Lloyd Company 




E. L. LLOYD 

Always at this time of year a great 
deal of discussion and agitation devel- 
oping sometimes into public criticism 
of the retail coal dealer arises, some 
claiming the conditions do not warrant 
the price. To those I would suggest 
that they acquaint themselves with th- 
practical closing down of all the mines 
in Illinois, Missouri, Kansas, Oklahoma 
and Indian Territory, and the direct 
cause which has continued this long- 
discussion and he will learn that it re 
suited from the terrible Cherry dis- 
aster, in which nearly three hundred 
lives were lost; after which the legis- 
lature of Illinois proceeded to enact 
into law certain safety appliances foi 
the protection of miners, at an approx- 
imate cost to the operators of from 
$10,000 to $50,000, according to the 
size of their interests; all of which in- 
creased the cost of production, in ad- 
dition to a regular advance of from 
12 to 18 cents per ton granted the 
miners and laborers at the Indianapolis 
convention. 

Another item of expense that few 
think of is the delivery wagon. Hick- 
ory wood, which is becoming very 






scarce, is required in nearly all first 
grade wagons, costing almost double 
what it did five years ago. And still 
another, with which you are all fa- 
miliar, if you will recall a discussion 
on hides during the revision of the 
tariff in congress last winter has in 
ireased the cost of harness from 10 to 
15 per cent, while the item of repairs 
on all parts of the equipment is very 
large. 

Everyone knows that the majority 
of farmers are in a position to hold 
their corn and hay until the market 
reaches a satisfactory price, making- 
the price of feed much higher, which 
fact the dealer must recognize if lie 
gets his coal hauled. 

I think it the duty of every coal 
dealer to select, in so far as he can, 
good men for the delivery of coal. 
By this I mean men who will clean the 
coal properly, take special care in 
driving on customers' premises, being 
decent and trustworthy, for if he lacks 
these qualifications he is unworthy of 
his hire, while a reversal of this kind 
of a teamster can only result in the 
loss of a customer. For, after all, it 
is the satisfied customer who builds 
up our business and permits us to en- 
joy its returns. On the other hand 
the party who lives in a beautiful home 
in a fashionable community should re- 
member that good men often drive 
coal wagons. Men honest in their en 
deavors, men of feeling, men of sym- 
pathy and sincerity. To such as these 
e kind word will result in the best 
possible service. Not frequently 
enough have I heard drivers say, "she 
-was a fine woman" or "man," as the 
case might be. 

It would seem to me that parties 
building homes or renting would insist 
upon larger storage room. Tt is a 
daily occurrence in our office to hear 
people say I have room for but on, 
load of coal. This oversight does not 
permit of early buying, which should 
be taken advantage of. 

I think', too, that proper approaches 
1ii the coal-hole ought to be made as 
the greater part of our worries con- 
sists in driving over curbings and up 



THE RETAIL COAL DEALER 



65 



Start in to examine a Green's 
Colonial Furnace and you will find 
this great big fact staring you in 
the face — 

THe Green's Colonial 

Is Not a 
One Featured Furnace 

It is an all around furnace having 
the advantages of every other good 
furnace and many others besides. 

You will find our free catalog 
useful if you are interested in 
furnaces. 




Green Foundry and 
Furnace WorKs 



steep inclines to the coal-hole. "Why 
not assist us by making your drive- 
ways accessible and convenient? 

A few years ago, when our city's 
population was much smaller, 75 per 
cent of the coal consumed was hauled 
from the local mines, but with the in- 
creasing population a complete re- 
versal of the percentage of coal is 
hauled over railroads into Des Moines, 
increasing the uncertainty of delivery 
so that in ten years all the coal con- 
sumed in the city will have to be 
shipped in. Then, wouldn't it be a 
wise policy to provide sufficient stor- 
age for a winter's supply of coal? 

There are some people who will not 
order coal until the last shovelful 
has been put in the furnace, then ex- 
pect the dealer to deliver the eoal be- 
fore filling the order of the man who 
has ordered a week in advance. Let 
me say to that class of people, what 
would you have done last winter if 
those who had filled their bins had put 
off ordering coal as you did, then re- 
quired immediate delivery, would you 
not have witnessed plenty of suffer- 



ing? As it was it created considerable 
uneasiness, and the fuel supply in too 
many homes was too low for the safety 
of the families. Thanks to the future 
providers. 

Drifting slightly from the coal busi- 
ness direct, I am of the opinion that 
the cost of living and the earning 
power of unorganized laborers will 
soon need readjustment, for I fear it 
is a great struggle even where careful 
economical management of home af- 
fairs is used. 

The appropriation made by the last 
legislature of this state for the main- 
tenance of state highways in Massa- 
chusetts was $200,000, plus the amount 
received during the year for fees in 
connection with the registration of 
motor vehicles and the licensing of the 
operators, less the administration ex- 
penses of the automobile department, 
together with the fines imposed by the 
courts for violations of the automobile 
law. The amount received in the au- 
tomobile department so far this fiscal 
year is about $:S57,000. 




J. Z. EVANS, President 



TRUE CAPTAINS OF INDUSTRY 



When John Jacob Astor, then a 
mere lad, left his humble home in Ger- 
many to join his merchant brother in 
London, when together they would sail 
for New York, he climbed the hill that 
fronted their cottage, waved good bye 
to his mother and turned his face to- 
ward tin- golden west, carrying with 
him the whole world (to him) done up 
in a red bandana with a string to it 
(the bandana). In time he became the 
richest man in America and the great- 
est Eur merchant in the world, having 
a string of trapping and trading sta- 
tions literally around the globe. 

When John Z. Evans, proprietor and 
originator of Smoky Hollow Coal 
Company, left Oskaloosa twenty-five 
years ago and came to Avery, Iowa, lie 

had little i -e than did Astor when 

he |,. ft home. He came as superin- 
tendent for other parties and brought 



with him two lads, Faley and P. II 
Ilynes, who became drivers in the 
new mine. These boys were destined 
to become far more than the average- 
man in their business. Faley devel- 
oped very soon a practical knowledge 
of mine engineering and coal deposits 
and acquainted himself with the ex- 
tent and richness of the Smoky Hollow 
field, so that when the owners pro- 
posed giving up the plant it was on 
Faley 's advice that Mr. Evans got a 
little money together and bought them 
out, thus becoming sole owner. This 
was in 1886 and the mine was equip- 
ped with a narrow £ange switch to 
get their less Hian 100 tons daily out- 
put to the ('., B. & Q. road. He con- 
tinued at this rate, increasing some- 
what, till 1891, when he changed, at 

his own expense, to a standard gauge 
track that penetrated his big coal area 



TRUE CAPTAINS OF INDUSTRY 



07 



and made it possible to swell the out- 
put 1o many times greater. Ey the 
year 1902 it* reached 1,100 tons daily 
and one year later it averaged 1,300 
tons and has ever since been around 
that figure or greater. Mr. Evans has 
long enjoyed the distinction of being 
the greatest individual mine owner 
and operator in Iowa. While the 
aforesaid improvements were being 
made they built several hundred min- 
ers' houses, laid out the town of 
Uynes, installed two big company 
stores, built two opera houses, operat- 
ed public schools and made possible 
the complete happiness and comfort of 
more than 2,000 people, year after 
year. Think what it means to see 500 
to 600 men busy at good pay, disburse 
$25,000 per month through a period of 
near a score of years and build up a 



coal plant which Mr. Mvans refused to 
Bell several times in the hisl few years. 
The Smoky Hollow coal became 
famous many years ago as the great- 
est steam producing fuel obtainable; 
likewise it is popular' in the homes and 
for every fuel purpose. They have de- 
veloped and worked out five several 
slopes and are now operating 6, 7, and 
S; besides they own or have leased ex- 
tensive acreage in the locality of Albia 
and have options on yet other ricii 
fields, so that in a generation hence the 
Smoky Hollow Coal Company wiil 
have a larger place in business than it 
has today. They go into the ope; 
markets and compete for contracts on 
all roads and in every pari of the west, 
factories, public buildings, everywhere, 

and so prompt and methodical is their 
management that it is well understood 




I'. II. 1 1 VMS, b-'e :retan and General Manager 



(18 



THE MIDWESTERN 



that they can supply any and every 
demand made upon them without de- 
lay. 

The detail of this great system de- 
volves upon P. H. Hynes, secretary and 
general manager of the company. The 
general offices, as well as the two big 
stores, are under his careful supervis 
ion. By means of long distance tele- 
phone and telegraph he is in touch 
with all points where Iowa coal is 
used. In fact by means of his travel- 
ing men and extensive and forceful ad 
vertising he has expanded the coa' 
trade of Iowa more than any other 
man. Gentle reader, when you depart 
and go to live with St. Peter, if you 
don't find "Pat" Hynes over there, 
you may be sure he's in Avery, Iowa, 
where he has been the past twenty-five 
years looking after Smoky Hollow Coal 



Co., and he does it right every day in 
the year. 

President Evans lives in the city o.f 
Albia, and besides the care and re- 
sponsibility of the coal business, makes 
himself busy and useful in many other 
ways. Some little time ago he found- 
ed the Evans-Carnegie library in Albia 
by donating a valuable lot and several 
thousand dollars, to be supplemented 
by the great and only Andrew Car 
negie. Just recently Mr. Evans has 
installed the J. Z. Evans Manufactur- 
ing Company in Albia with a capital 
stock of $25,000. They will make 
miners' tools and supplies, make and 
repair automobiles and other useful 
machinery. Such men as Evans build 
cities, and Albia as well as all Iowa 
extends to him the glad hand becauso: 
of his enterprise and generosity. 



A MATTER OF ECONOMY 



The time has come for getting out 
winter clothes, having them cleaned 
and pressed and made ready to wear. 
Some people are either so rich or so 
foolish that they never contemplate the 
possibility of wearing a suit the sec- 
ond season. To the great majority of 
sensible people, however, it appears 
foolish in the extreme to discard a 
good suit after one season's wear. And 
now that such splendid service in the 
cleaning line is offered right at home 
in Des Moines by the New Wardrobe, 
it has grown to be a common thing to 
note our friends appearing in spick 
and span outfit as good as new, but in 
reality last year's garments. A good 
suit made by a first class tailor is al- 
ways in style for at least two seasons. 



The Wardrobe cleans suits to look like 
new and their pressing is a work of 
art. So it is good economy to patron- 
ize them. The garments for the whole 
family should be sent them, the chil- 
dren's wraps, men's overcoats, dress 
suits and business suits and women's 
motor coats, party wraps and tailored 
suits, and should be put in readiness 
before the winter sets in. This is also 
the month for putting up draperies 
which have been packed during the 
summer. Let the Wardrobe renew 
them for you. One prominent Des 
Moines woman was heard to say re- 
cently, "The New Wardrobe is a fam- 
ily institution with us and I could not 
keep house without it." Hundreds of 
women will say amen to this. 



GOOD ROADS DEPARTMENT 




GOVERNOR B. K. CAKKnl.l. 



GOOD ROADS FOR THE MIDDLE WEST 



Governor B. F.Carrol 



li is generally conceded thai when within the Ias1 year. There have been 

dirl roada are good there is nothing more meetings held, more work done, 

better. The question which now con- eml work of a better character, with- 

fronts the people of our state, thai is, in the laal twelve months than during 

of endeavoring to make good roads oul any oilier twelve months in the his- 

of the materia] ;ii band, is by no means lory of our state. Many who bav - 

a new question. The history of road given careful study to the question be 

building, I presume, is as old .'is the lieve thai il is possible to have good 

state itself, luii the interesl in better dirl roads in ihis state ;ii le.-ist nine or 

highways luis received b fresh impetus ten months in the year under normai 



70 



THE MIDWESTERN 




Road in Cuvahaga County, Ohio. Brick Pavement on Broken Stone, Cement Filler 



conditions and that such roads may be 
had Without any increase in the levy 
for road purposes. There is no one 
perhaps who would not like to sec 
stone or gravelled roads in the state if 
it were possible to have them, but be- 
lieving that good dirt roads can he 
maintained a large portion of the year 
and upon our present tax levy, I, with 
many others, have felt thai the agita- 
tion should be along these lines, rathe/ 
than with a view to the establishment 
of macadam or gravelled roads. 

It has been clearly demonstrated 
that by proper grading, proper drain- 
ing, ami proper dragging dirt roads 
can be made to resist the elements to a 
much greater degree than where prop- 
er care is not given to these things. 

The river to river road gives us ar. 
example of what can be done when 
proper attention is given to road build- 
ing. Many parts of the slate ha\i 
roads just as good as the river to river 
road, bni there is no other piece of 
road of the same length that is kept 
up as well as 1 he road connecting Coun- 
cil Bluffs with Davenport. 

In the movement for good roads a 
great deal of prejudice has existed. 
For instance, the trustees have felt that 
il is a movement against themselves 
and they have been slow to join in 
the work. My own purpose has been 



simply to create general interest in 
road building, no matter whether it he 
under the trustee system or any other 
system. 

The convention last winter, or 
spring, did more to arouse our people 
to the necessity for better roads than 
;>ny other one thing. While there was 
some disagreement in the convention 
itself, practically everybody returned 
home with a determination to have 
better highways and as a result much 
good work has been done during the 
past season and more road dragging 
has been done than ever before. We 
shall, of course, have bad roads when 
the unfavorable season of the year 
comes on, but if the attention is given 
to the highways that men give to their 
own interests the period of bad roads 
can be materially shortened and there 
can be no question but that the better 
constructed and better built roads will 
suffer least when the unfavorable con- 
ditions of weather and time of yeai 
come on. 

Tl ic thing, above all others, that 

must be learned is. that in order to 

have good roads constant care must 
be given them. This is not only true 
with regard tO dirt roads, but with re- 
gard to macadam roads. It has been 
said, and I think truthfully so, that it 
costs as much, or more, to keep the 



LEADING IOWA CONTRACTORS, EByWSS&iBIESS ' ] 




Twenty Sixth Street Looking north. Photograph showing use of asphalt in paving in I >es Mi 



The BRYANT-McLAUGHLIN 
ASPHALT PAVING CO. 

Waterloo Omaha Des Moines Sioux City Fort Dodge Iowa halls 

ASPHALT PAVEMENT 

Moderate in First Cost, Easy to Maintain, Pleas- 
ing Appearance, Noiseless, Clean and Sanitary 

THERE IS NO SUBSTITUTE FOR NATURAL ASPHALT 

Only the Natural Asphalts from the Trinidad and Bermudez Lakes 
Give Invariable Satisfaction 



72 



THE MIDWESTERN 



macadam roads in shape than it does 
to put into shape and keep into fairly 
good condition our dirt roads. 

It has been my privilege within the 
last few months to travel nearly one 
thousand miles across our own state, 
through Illinois and Wisconsin over 
the public highways, and nowhere in 
the entire trip did I find better roads 
than our own dirt roads. The most 
scientifically constructed and best 
built roads that I have seen anywhere 
are in Poweshiek county, where the 
one mill levy, which the board of su- 
pervisors is authorized to levy and use 
for road purposes, is being used. I 
believe it would be a wise thing, and 
profitable, if supervisors and trustees 
from various parts of the state would 
visit Poweshiek county and study and 
inspect the roads which are being built 
there. 



Some legislation may be needed in 
order to bring about better highway 
conditions in the state, but if those in 
charge of road building and mainten- 
ance would make a proper distribution 
and use of the funds now at their com- 
mand there would be little necessity 
for anything further in the way of leg- 
islation. I believe that fifty thousand 
miles of the highways of this state can 
be made and kept in practically as good 
condition as what is known as the 
river to river road and that it can be 
done without any increase of taxes. 
My efforts and interest in good roads 
have been to try to convince the peo- 
ple of the state and those charged with 
the expenditure of road funds that we 
can have good dirt roads in Iowa a 
large portion of the year without any 
increase of taxes. 



The Purington Paving Brick Go. 

OF GALESBURG, ILLINOIS 



MANUFACTURERS OF 



REPRESSED PAVING BRICK AND 
BLOCKS 



SHIPPED DURING THE YEAR 1909, 101,221,600 



Please Mention "The Midwestern" in Answering Ads. We Would Appreciate It. 



LFAnrvr- r»i?e \t/->t\ti-c o/-vxT"ni> irrrisc w«osb work is seen in every -„ 
i^cajji^i, DE5 MOINhS CONTRACTOKo quarter of des moines *3 




l-'lint Brick was used in this Paving 

SHOWING PAVING UN EAST THIRD STREET DONE HY THE J. W. TURNER IMP. CO. 



J. W. TURNER IMPROVEMENT CO. 

GENERAL CONTRACTORS 

Youngerman Building - - DES MOINES, IOWA 



LET ALL CONTRIBUTE. 

In a timely editorial, "Good Roads,'' 
declares thai the ideas and ideals of 
peoples Of different localities are repre- 
sented in their road laws. Also that 
the principle of co-operation in road 
building has been opportunely broughl 

into play and that all classes in all sec- 
tions of the country are being fully 
awakened as to the real value of good 
mads along our public highways. As 
the road belongs to all the peopL . 

Should D.01 all the people have a hand 

in their building? This would se 

logical, ye1 bu1 two stales give stale 
aid directly. [n other states efforts 
are being made to include in the gen- 
eral tax something for the maintenani e 

of the state roads. The funds Qeces- 

sary for the building and maintenance 
ol good roads vary « ith each locality, 



Hius necessitating a great divergence 
of laws. I >ui in each state some pro- 
vision should be made entailing the ex- 
pense upon all the people. This same 
method should be used in cities and 
towns, using the same argument that 
the streets belong to all the people. 

The method in general use is to make 
the property owner pay for the street 
improvement along his property. lie 
pays For a paving which is used per 
haps by everybody but himself, and 
often worn ou1 completely by the 
wagons of some private corporation, 

who never put one cent into paving or 

streel improvement. All the progres 

sive citizens of Iowa want g I roads 

lor the state. Le1 them consider the 

proper and practical way of obtaining 
hinds lor their maintenance. 




SEE? 

Ella Wheeler Wilcox 






If one proves weak who you fancied Then take right now, and keep, yom 



strong, 

Or false who you fancied true, 
Just ease the smart of your wounded 
heart 
With the thought that it is not you. 

If many forget a promise made, 
And your faith falls into the dust, 
Then look meanwhile in your mirror, 

and smile. 
And say, "I am one to trust." 



To grow in grace with the years. 

If you lose your faith in the wo 'd of 
man, 

As you go from the port of youth, 
Just say as you sail, "I will not fail 

To keep to the course of Truth." 



For this is the way, and the only way; 
At least so it seems to me. 
If you search in vain for an aging face It is up to you to he. and do, 

Unharrowed bv fretful fears, What yon look for in others. See.' 




LEADING DES MOINES CONTRACTORS raM Q lS & s fl? crrY*""' 

BRICK PAVED HIGHWAYS. 
The good roads, the public highway, 
has always been a barometer of civiliz- 
ation. No matter what of progress and 

advancement in science, art and com- 
mercialism, the interesl in good road*. 
invariably marks the outpost. And 
now more than ever before the public 
highway is demanding its full share 
of consideration. The present demani 
is not merely that we shall have good 
roads, but roads in keeping with the 
demands of the times; roads that mean 
satisfaction and comfort to the user, 
economy to the taxpayer, and so con 
structed that the question of durabil 
ity, permanency and freedom from re 
pairs is without concern. 

The problem of building country 
roads to suit traffic is the one great 
problem relating to modern highway 
construction. An ever increasing vol- 
ume of traffic, and weight of loads, and 
the advent of swift moving vehicles 
are bringing about a transitional state 
in our traffic conditions similar to thai 
which occurred 10(1 to 150 years ago 
when the wheeled vehicle superseded 
the pack horse. In view of present de- 
velopments, it is apparent that the 
preponderating element of traffic in 
time to come will he the mechanically 
driven vehicle. These new conditions 
are introducing elements of destruction 
in addition to those which have char- 
acterized improved roadways, whether 
of gravel or macadam, so that it has 
now become an accepted fact that 
however permanent, economical and 

satisfactory the old methods of high- 
way construction may have been, they 
are today obsolete, extra vaganl and 

wasteful. 

The demands of traffic are not sat- 
isfactorily met by gravel or macadam 

roadways in a degree commensurate 
with the enormous amount of money 
expended in their construction and 
maintenance. The method of road 
building invented by McAdam a cen 
tury past is proving, when subjected 
to modern demands, to be wholly lack- 
ing in stability, permanence and ecori 
(liny. It is a proved fact that such 

roads will wear away from tin 1 single 

or combined effects of traffic, wind, 

rain, frost or other climatic influences, 

not less than one fourth of an inch 



75 



PAUL BEER 
Manager of the Barber Asphalt Paving Co. 



each year, so that their maintenance 
means ac onstant care and a continual 
and ever-increasing expense. 

THE SOLUTION OF THE PROBLEM 

IS THE BRICK PAVED 

HIGHWAY. 

The use of vitrified brick for paving 
country roads is gaining favor every 
day. <>ne county in the United States 
— Cuyahoga county, Ohio — has con- 
structed during the last twelve years 
over one hundred miles of brick paved 
country highways, and lias found them 
the most economical roads that can in 
built. Illinois and Indiana are very 
far advanced in permanent road con- 
struction, and Iowa is just taking her 
place in this respect with the other 

states, having jusi completed the army 

post road and now having under eon 
Btruction the Beaver road. 

'Die army post road is an extension 
of Southwest Ninth street, I >es Moines, 

Inwa. The pavement is 18 feel wide, 
12 feel of which is brick, with a 3 tool 
concrete header on ei1 her side : t he 

Beaver road will be 16 feel wide, ha\ 




View (if the Plant of the Barber Asphalt Paving Co. 



ing 12 feet of brick pavement, with a 
2 foot concrete header on either side. 

There seems to be no question now 
but that vitrified brick is the only ma- 
terial known which meets all the de 
mauds of the extensively used public 
highway. If other material than brick 
is used in the construction of a high- 
way, the creation of a fund, which in- 
creases with the age of the pavement, 
becomes necessary for its proper main- 
tenance. As an instance, the national 
road (a macadamized highway) be- 
tween Plainfield and Indianapolis, has 
already cost more than $35,000 per 
mile for maintenance, and only last 
year a portion of it was re-surfaced. 
"In 1908 the state of Indiana paid out 
for repairs of country roads the enor- 
mous sum of $4,851,000." One thing 
the people do not seem to appreciate 
is that the cost of any road is its orig- 
inal cost plus the cost of maintenance. 
The inclination is to look at the orig- 
inal cost and to forget the expendi- 
tures for epairs that are sure to follow 
— unless the right sort of material is 
used in constructing the pavement. 

A brick roadway is not built for any 



particular kind of traffic. It is emi- 
nently fitted for present conditions and 
all that the future promises. The 
horseman, the family carriage, the 
market wagon, the automobile with 
business despatch or its load of care- 
free pleasure riders, or the motor train 
that is now a promised factor in solv 
ing the transportation problems of the 
country districts — to all and each it 
presents the same smooth, comfortable 
and satisfactory surface, and, with all, 
the permanent, enduring and practical- 
ly indestructible roadway. It is eco 
mimical in use, as well as in mainten- 
ance; it is impervious, sanitary, and in 
no wise affected by climatic influences. 
It will not disintegrate. It can be 
built in any form, in any manner, to 
suit the conditions of traffic over the 
hills, upon the level plain, or through 
the swamp. It can be left in its own 
dirt and filth without injury to itself, 
or it can be swept as clean as a parlor 
floor. 

The brick paved country roadway is 
the cheapest of all permanent road- 
ways, because it is the must durable 
and requires oo maintenance. A brick 



GOOD ROADS DEPARTMENT 



77 



THE DECKMAN-DUTY 
BRICK COMPANY 



Paving Brick and Block 
Annual Capacity, 30,000,000 



Plants: 

Collinwood, 0.; Carrollton, 0.; Malvern, 0. 

Offices: 

Electric Building, Cleveland, 0. 



paved roadway 12 feet wide with a 1 
foot concrete header on either side 
can be built for about $2.65 per lineal 
foot; or, if divided equally between 
the property on either side the road- 
way, would cost $1.33 per lineal foot 
to abutting property. If the city, the 
county, or the state, or all combined, 
would pay half the cost of such a 
road, the cost to abutting property 
owners would be only $.66 1-2- per 
lineal foot. 

A 9 foot brick paved highway would 
cost about $8,000 per mile, and there 
is no limit to the life of such a road. 



A TEXT BOOK ON 
Roads and Pavements 

By Prof. F. B. Spaulding 



PRICE, $2.00 



Sent on Receipt of Price 

The EL. Powers Co. 



MASSACHUSETTS STAT* 1 . ROAD 
NEAR WATERTOWN. 

The board of supervisors has gener 
al supervision over the roads of thfl 
county, with jurisdiction to establish, 



vacate and change them under the pro- 
visions of the law. The supervisors 
are elected, the number in differenl 
counties varying from 3 to 7. The 
practical road work is done, either by 
three township trustees, who are elect- 
ed, or by road superintendents appoint- 
ed by them. The number of superin- 
tendents in various townships ranges 
from one to four. 

Materials and machinery may be 
purchased by the county supervisors 
for the use of the different townships, 
or by the township trustees. The taxes 
this year for road purposes are as fol- 
lows: 
County road tax, (levied 

by supervisors) 10c per $100 

County bridge tax, (lev- 
ied by supervisors) . .50c. per $100 
Township road tax, lev- 
ied by trustees) 40c per $100 



Total $1.00 per $100 

This tax is on the taxable valuation 
of property, which is one-fourth of the 
assessed valuation. The tax, there- 
fore, amounts to 25 cents on the $100, 
of assessed valuation. Practically all 
of the road tax is paid in cash, except 
a poll tax. There is a law by which 
townships may be divided into small 
road districts and revert to the labor 
tax system, but there are but few 
townships which have taken advantage 
of it. 

NORTH DAKOTA GOOD ROADS 
ASSOCIATION. 

The North Dakota Good Roads As 
sociation held its annual meeting at 
Fargo, N. D., in June. 

President J. H. Worst of the North 
Dakota Agricultural College acted as 
chairman. An address of welcome was 
made by Mayor V. R. Lovell of Fargo, 
and was responded to by President. 
Hunter. Addresses were made by 
George W. Cooley, state engineer of 
Minnesota, on the "Construction and 
Maintenance of a Primary System of 
Highways"; S. R. Cox, of Areola, 
Towa, on the "Method of Making Good 
"Roads"; R. M. Dolve of the engineer 
ing department of the North Dakota 
Agricultural College, on "Good Poads 
from North Dakota Soil"; S. John- 
son, of the North Dakota Library Ex 




Forest Drive looking Northeast, Paved with Iirick. 



tension, mi the "Proper Construction 
and Drainage Of Roads"; T. I!. Atkin- 
son, state engineer, on "Road .Making 
As An Engineering Proposition"; li. 
II. Gross, of Chicago, and Governor 
Burke, of North Dakota. 

Resolutions were adopted recom- 
mending a change in the state constitn 
lion in the interests of road improve- 
ment, new legislation providing for 
more scientific and intelligent con- 
struction, and fixing the state capital 



as the place of the next meeting, to be 
held during the next session of the 
legislature. 

Officers were elected as follows: 
President, Prof. J. IP Khepperd, Agri- 
cultural College, Fargo; vice presi- 
dent, George Welsh, Bismarck; secre- 
tary-treasurer, Edward Litton, Pari 
more. 

There were about 300 delegates pres- 
ent from nearly every county in the 

state. 



GOOD ROADS DEPARTMENT 



79 



_ A measure has passed its first read 
ing, and is reported likely to carry, in 
the city council of Memphis, Tenn.., 
providing for street paving which will 
cost the city two million dollars. As 
the city only pays one-third the cost, 
the total will amount to $8,000,000. 



once each year, in some suitable place, 
for the instruction of county supervis- 
ors, township trustees, superintendents 
.and others. Thomas H. MacDonald, 
highway engineer, is in charge of the 
work; A. Marston and C. P. Curtiss are 
directors. 



The Texas Commercial Secretaries 
Association recently sent out inquiries 
to Commercial clubs throughout the 
state, asking for an estimate of money 
to be expended on the improvements 
to public highways during the year 
1911 and the replies received indicate 
that there will be approximately $20,- 
000,000 of bonds issued for building 
and improving public highways during 
the coming year. The judicious expen- 
diture of this enormous sum now con- - 
stitutes the most important economic, 
question before the people of Texas 
and the secretaries in all probability 
will submit the problem for solution 
to the thirty-second legislature, with 
the suggestion that a public highway 
department be established to intelli- 
gently supervise the expenditure of 
this money. The construction of a 
public highway is as much a science 
as building a railroad and technical 
questions are always involved with 
which local road officials are not pre- 
sumed to be familiar and experience is. 
There is nothing that discourages the 
taxpayer so much as to fail to receive 
satisfactory returns for his investment 
in public improvements and to prop- 
erly safeguard and intelligently direct 
the expenditure of the bond money is 
a question that should receive the con- 
sideration of thoughtful citizens. 



By the laws of the state of Iowa, 
the State College of Agriculture and 
Mechanic Arts, located at Ames, is di- 
rected to act as a state highway com- 
mission. The duties of the commission 
are to devise and adopt plans and sys- 
tems of highway construction and 
maintenance suited to the needs of the 
various counties, and conduct demon- 
stration in such construction at least 



FROM A FEW OF OUR LETTERS 

From a Club Woman. 

I have had the pleasure of seeing 
your magazine and it was very helpful, 
especially in our P. E. O. meetings 
when the "prominent women of Iowa" 
was our subject. — Mrs. Riley Butters, 
Prairie City, la. 



From a Former Iowa Girl. 

I want to send you a line to congratu- 
late you on your splendid anniversary 
number. We have all enjoyed it im- 
mensely, especially your most interest- 
ing article on your father. It was a 
beautiful appreciation of a wonderful 
life. — Mrs. Blanche Spinney-Rasmus- 
sen, New York. 



From a Famous Former Iowan. > 

I give you my salaams for your inter- 
esting and valuable last number of the 
Midwestern. It was a number of sex- 
tuple interest. — Dr. William T. Horna- 
day, New York. 



From a Des Moines Girl in Dakota. 

I want to congratulate you on the 
anni^warv number (if the Midwestern 
which has just reached my hands. The 
entire magazine is a work of art, and 
all good. The tender tribute to your 
father and mother are especialy pleas- 
ing. — Callie M. Cline, Rapid City, S. 
Dakota. 



From a Prominent Iowa Woman. 

The August-September Midwestern 
is fine. 1 think there is no question but 
that it went far beyond expectations. — 
Mrs. Walter Campbell, Oskaloosa, Ta. 



MUSIC IN DES MOINES 




GEO. FREDERICK OUDEN 



A NEW SCHOOL OF MUSIC 



George Frederick Ogden, the well- 
known pianist, teacher and critic, is 

now fully launched in his private 
studio work and reports unusual en- 
thusiasm among his large following of 
students. As in the past years, while 
Mr. Ogden was a member of the Drake 
Conservatory faculty, the opening days 
of enrollment found his teaching sched- 
ule Full to overflowing. With the can- 
able teaching assistance of Miss Elsie 
Ilolhrook, however. Mr. Ogden is en- 



abled to care for the large number of 
applicants for his instruction. During 
the summer months, this young artist 
gave further evidence of his progres- 
siveness, by coaching with Chicago's 
foremost music critic — Glenn Dillard 
Gunn — who pronounced him one of the 
finest equipped music intellects of the 
Middle West. Mr. Ogden 's piano re- 
cital, anounced for the fall season, will 
he eagerly awaited by his hosts of ad- 
mirers in this city. 



THE SECOND GREATER DES MOINES MUSIC FESTIVAL 



Monday and Tuesday, April .'i-4, 
1911, will In- red letter days in Des 
.Moines and Iowa. These are the dates 
finally agreed upon lor the second 
Create!- Des Moines Music Festival, 
which will he held in the Coliseum. 

There will he two evening concerts and 

Tuesday math This will certainly 

he Hie event of events in Des Moines 
and Iowa next year. Dr. liar! let! lias 



spent much time and labor, and gone to 
an expense anil elaborateness of detail 

for his 11)11 festival never before 

thought of or attempted. That it will 
prove successful from every point of 
view is beyond question, as the suh- 
BCription list even at this early date 
has reached huge proportions . With 

such a galaxy of renowned world's 

artists as GadsM, the leading dramatic 



MEMBERS OF \Y< (MEN'S C1J B BOARD 




MRS. T. M. WALK! 



MRS. ERNESl' BROWN, 

President 

soprano of the Metropolitan Opera 
house; Alessandro Bonci, admitted by 
critics everywhere to be the world's 
.greatest tenor, and whose presence 
would make any occasion great ; Mar- 
cus KVllerman, the great bass-baritone 
from the Berlin Royal Opera, together 
with the Minneapolis Symphony or- 
chestra under the direction of that 
prince of conductors Emil Oberh, offer 
with its quartett of vocalists and in- 
strumentalists, it could not be other- 
wise than an occasion that will be 
looked forward to with intense interest 



MRS. HENRY PLUMB 





MRS. !•'. \V. WEBSTER 



SENl ik Hi i VI 




M US 



IIICKINSON 



Photos by Webster 



MEMBERS OF WOMEN'S CLUB BOA 




MRS. J. C. CUMMINS 



MRS. \V. W. WITMER 



MRS. W. E. BALLARD 




and longing by thousands at home and 
abroad. Nowhere on earth can greater 
concerts be heard than this event will 
afford. It is a fact that money could 
not purchase anything better in the 
concert line, and this event will, no 
doubt, open the door for the advent of 
grand opera the next year on the same 
elaborate scale that prevails in New 
York, Boston and Chicago. Midwest- 
ern 's inquiries among our best musi- 
cians leads to the conclusion that Bonci 
is the favorite, notwithstanding Gad- 
ski's world-wide reputation. This, how- 
ever is not so much to be wondered at 
in view of the fact that Des Moines has 
never before been given the opportun- 
ity to hear one of the great tenors of 
the world. For this reason we predict 
that when the time comes excitement 
will run high to hear Bonci. Word 
comes to us from a reliable source that 
Kellerman will prove a happy surprise. 
He is a young man of giant propor- 
tions, six feet three, weighs over two 
hundred pounds, the possessor of a 
voice of great range and power, and 
an artist through and through. Keller- 
man was brought over to this country 
last spring by Walter Damrosch as his 
star ginger on his coast to coast tour. 
Besides all this, Lucille Tewksbury, 
who received the greatest popular ova- 
tion ever given a singer in this city, 
will again accompany the orchestra on 
its next spring's tour. Richard Czer- 
wonky remains as solo violinist and 
concertmaster of the orchestra. The 
tenor and contralto have not yet been 
engaged but announcement of very im- 
portant engagements will soon he 
made. 



MRS 



McHENRY 



Photoi bj Wob.ttt 



MEMBERS OF WOMEN'S CLUB Hoard 




MRS. S. II. HOLLINGSWORTH 



MRS. S. F. PROUTY 



ALLENDAI 



DRAKE UNIVERSITY CON- 
SERVATORY 

Edward Shriver 

I WONDER if we realize what 
strides Des Moines lias made mu- 
sically within the last few years; 
before we forget it let us remind 
von of the splendid festival of last 
spring with Selmmann-IIeink and oth- 
er soloists, including our own Lucille 
Stevenson Tewksbury, who stands to- 
day in the estimation of prominent mu- 
sicians the equal of any soprano in 
America. This big enterprise bad a 
splendid surplus — something- new for 
Des Moines. Also let us remember 
the great recitals of Busoni, Koenen 
and Wullner, bumper houses everyone 
of them, and a number of other con- 
certs by eminent artists which drew 
large audiences. This season looks 
good for musicians. Already Busoni, 
de Pasquale and Bonci have been en- 
gaged for recitals and today I am in 
receipt of a little booklet announcing 
the Drake University Conservatory of 
Music artists' concerts. It announces 
the following artists: Samarof'f, who 
is considered one of the great women 
pianists. She has appeared with all 
the leading orrhest ras of the world an I 
Des Moines is to be congratulated up- 
on the opportunity of bearing her. 
George Hamlin, America's foremoal 
tenor, will give a recital. Those who 
have beard Mr. Hamlin within the last 
lew years pronounce him the equal of 
any recital singer on the concert plat- 
form today, and Glenn Dillard. the 
Chicago critic, said in last Sunday's 




MRS. CECELIA HIRSCH 



CLUB WOMEN'S DAY 



■AT THE- 



PURE FOOD SHOW 

THURSDAY, OCTOBER 20th— Afternoon and Evening 

Special Program 

This day has been set aside for the Club Women of Des Moines 
and a program of special interest to you has been prepared for you 
in the Domestic' Science Lecture Room. You should begin now 
to arrange your appointments so that you can be there. An earnest 
effort roill be made to mal^e this day especially interesting and in- 
structive. The following are some of the Leading Food 
Product Manufacturers who will have exhibits on the main floor. 



C. J. Van Houten & Zoon, Chicago, 
111., Cocoa. 

J. H. Bell & Company, Chicago, 111.. 

Coffee. 
Genesee Pure Food Company, Jelly 

Powder, LeRoy, N. Y. 
Agar Packing Co., City, Meats. ' 
United Cereal Mills Company, Quin- 

cy, 111., Egg-O-See. 
Stern & Saalberg, New York, Brom- 

angelon. 

Pacific Coast Borax Co., Chicago, 111., 
Borax. 

Independent Baking Co., Davenport, 
Iowa, Crackers and Biscuit. 

Shredded Wheat Company, Niagara 
Falls, N Y., Shredded Wheat Bis- 
cuit. 

Burlington Vinegar & Pickle Works, 
Burlington, Iowa, Pickles & Olives. 

Tone Bros., Des Moines, Coffee, Teas 
and Spices. 



The Coast Products Company, St. 

Louis, Mo., Canned Fruits. 
Worcester Salt Company, New York 

City, Worcester Salt. 
Farmers Co-Operative Creamery Co., 

City, Capital Butter. 
The Quaker Oats Company, Chicago, 

111., Quaker Products. 
Horlick's Malted Milk Co., Racine, 

Wis., Horlick's Malted Milk. 
T. A. Snider Preserve Co, Cincinnati, 

Ohio, Snider s Baked Beans. 
Beatrice Creamery Company, Des 

Moines, Meadow Gold Butter. 
J. B. Ford Company, Wyandotte, 

Mich., Wyandotte Cleaner and 

Cleanser. 
German American Coffee Company, 

Omaha, Neb., German American 

Coffee. 
Minnesota Macaroni Company, St. 

Paul, Minn., Macaroni and Noodles. 
And Others, 40 m all. 



PURE FOOD SHOW 



DES MOINES NEW COLISEUM-OCT. 17 to 29 Inclusive 



Please Mention "The Midwestern" in Answering Ads. We Would Appreciate It. 

84 



\Y< IMEN'S CLUB I'iOAKH 




MRS. !■. < >. GREEN 



86 



THE MIDWESTERN 




Pianos. 



(§ Played and owned by more famous 

Musicians than any other Piano in 

the world. €J Let us show you its 

beauties. 

*I Uprights or Grands. 



PIANO S 

House. Off ice e> Hotel 




Furnishers. 



C House. Off ice e> Hotel \ * # 
HASE «*Wl 

Eighth Street Between Walnut £V Locust. 



Tribune : Mr. Hamlin occupies the 
same position as a singer as Fanny 
Bloomfield Zeisler does as a pianist. 
The Olive Mead String Quartette will 
make its second appearance at these 
concerts and those who were fortunate 
enough to hear these ladies last year 
will bear testimony as to their ability. 
Olive Mead herself has for many years 
been one of the leading violinists of 
the country. Dean Cowper will assist 
at this concert. 

It will be a great treat to those who 
are interested in music to have the op- 
portunity of seeing and hearing Wil- 
liam Lines Hubbard, who was for 
many years the critic of the Chicago 
Tribune, a man who has been a won- 
derful help in raising the standard of 
music in the west, and one who was al- 
most cruelly honest in his criticisms, 
but was nevertheless honored by all 
thpse who were striving to become 
artists. 

Albert Borroff, basso — a new name — ■ 
will make his first Des Moines appear- 
ance, and if we are to judge by the 
Chicago papers, a great treat is in 
store for us. I understand that Mr. 



Borroff has worked his way up through 
the ranks, endowed with a beautiful 
mellow bass voice, he has, by hard 
work, become one of the best recital- 
ists we have. 

Carlo Fischer, 'cellist, an old friend, 
will be welcomed in a concert with the 
well known Van Aaken sisters, assist- 
ed by Mrs. Kathryn Haines. 

I note that these concerts are free 
to all students enrolled in the conserva- 
tory and that the public may procure 
course or single tickets. 

Dean Cowper announces the largest 
enrollment for the school since it was 
established and is particularly well 
pleased with the large number of city 
students registered. There are a great 
many who formerly thought it neces- 
sary to go out of town and I am sure 
our city may feel proud of the institu- 
tion that can keep any our students at 
home. Several additions have been 
madeo to the faculty. Among the 
pianists is Ralph Lawton and Edith 
Bundy. Mr. Lawton has spent the last 
few months in Berlin with Josef Llev- 
inne, who has been most enthusiastic 
over the young pianist. In fact he 



PI ■ l,v Wcbiti 



MEMBERS OF WOMEN'S CLUB BOARD 




MRS. K. W. VDRSE 



MRS. W. R. MARSHALL 



MRS. C. E. Ill NN 




MRS. \V. !•'. Ml rCHELL 



tried to explain that Des Moines a 
too small a place for a man of 

ability, but Dean Cowper having c 
Science in our city and the growth 1 
sically, prevailed upon him to eo 

and alter the first day of enrollm 
felt quite justified in Ins decision. 1 
Bundy returns after an absence of s 
eral months and is an attractive at 
tion to the faculty. Mrs. Kath 
Haines, the well known soprano, 
also become connected with the in 
tution. Mrs. Haines has been well , 
favorably known i'or a number 
years and we congratulate Drake u] 
securing her. Julius Hold of Chic; 
comes to take charge of the theory i 
harmony department. Mr. (iolrt 
been a student of Meridian) Zeihn 
Chicago the last six years. You D 
not have heard of liernhard Zeihn 
fore — suffice to say thai Hugo Kami 
Berlin, Germany, Busoni, Blooms 
Zeisler, Midaleschutte and a aumbei 
other great musicians are or have bi 
his pupils. Ii quite surprised me 
find thai the conservatory has a I 
ulty of twenty-five and that a nuiji 1 
of t lie members have been idenl it 
with a number of the big iniisi 
events of the country within the I 
lew rears. 



Photos by Webster 



MEMBERS OF WOMEN'S CLUB BOARD 




MRS. CHAS. POWELL 



MRS. THEOI 



MUSIC NOTES 



Following the many inquiries con- 
cerning the work of Fay Cord, the 
local suprano in whom Des Moines 
has been much interested, it is a pleas- 
ure to announce her forthcoming Amer- 
ican tour which opens in the East next 
month. Miss Cord will be under the 
management of Marc Lagen and will 
make a number of appearances with 
the Minneapolis Symphony Orchestra. 
At a recent musicale in Boston, she was 
assisted by Francis Rogers, the favor- 
ite baritone of Madame Sembrich's late 
tour. A protege of Dean Frederick 
Howard — Miss Cord has further en- 
joyed seven years of the finest training 
under Madame Colonne and Jean de 
Reszke in Paris. Alexander Heinemann 
in Berlin, Landon Ronald and Paoli 
Tosti in London. 

* i • * # 

\Mrs. llrlci! Vales-Martin is a recent 
addition to the leaching force of tin' 
Midwestern Conversatory, directed by 
Daniel Bonus, Mrs. Martin, who is a 
soprano and former pupil of Ellison 
Van Uoose, has had much success as a 

soloist and teacher. 

***** 

Mi\ .1. Browne Martin, the best 
known theorist in the state, and a mu- 
sician of exceptional attainments, is a 
new acquisition to the faculty of the 
l)es Moines Musical College. Mr. Mar- 
tin will have charge of the departments 



MRS. L. J, KASSOX 
Secretary 

of Violin and Theory and will also 
conduct the Des Moines College Or- 
chestra and Glee Club. In addition, he 
will maintain a studio in the K. P. 
block devoted to instruction in the the- 
oretical branches of music and violin 
playing. 



Just For Ladies 

HARPER METHOD 

— OF— 

Shampooing 

Scalp Treatment 

Manicuring 

Thorough Efficient 

MASCARO TONIQUE 

BEST FOR 'nil'. HAIR 

Is used and may lie procured at all 
HARPER METHOD OFFICES 
Branches in all cities. Write for list 

Martha Matilda Harper, Rochester, N. Y. 

MISS O'NEILL 

Des Moines Representative 
614-615 FLEMING BUILDING 

OPEN SEPTEMBER FIRST 




MUSIC NOTES 



89 



spent her va- 
cation in Denver, where she won dis- 
tinction as a charming pianoial in a 

number of musical soirees. 

* • * * t 

.Miss Adah Harris will return From 
Europe about the Srs1 oi ( tetober. 

.Miss Pauline Fugleman, who stud- 
ied in New York during the pasl year 
is at borne again, and taking a Few 
private pupils. 

* • * * • 

Owing to the pressure of duties as 
manager of the Greater Des .Moines 
Musical Festival, Dr. M. 1). Bartlett, 
Director of the Des Moines Musical 
College, will be assisted in the man- 
agement of the College by Frank- Olin 
Thompson, head of the piano depart- 
ment, and Browne Martin, of the the- 
ory department. 

***** 

Miss Mabel Bowen, whose work as 
one of Mrs. Charles S. Hardy's assist- 
ants the past seven years has shown re- 
markable results, was granted a leave. 
of absence last May for several 
months' study in Berlin, Germany. 
Miss Bowen will return January 1st 
and resume her teaching with Mrs. 

Hardy. 

* * * * * 

Mrs. Charles S. Hardy spent a de- 
lightful summer at Lake Sarah, Minn. 
Mrs. Hardy was accompanied by her 
daughter, Miss Beatrice, and her moth- 
er, Mrs. Julia N. King. 

Mrs. Hardy will give a piano recital 
in November. 

Children's Classes opened September 
Kith with an unusually large attend- 
ance. 

NEW SCHOOL OF ORATORY 

The Watson School of Oratory lias 
been established this month by Julia 
Baymond Watson, who has been in- 
structor for several years in Des 
Moines College. This new school will 
he conducted in the new Nash hall of 
Des Moines College, occupying the 
same quarters thai the School of Ora- 
tory has previously occupied. This will 
give tin' same opportunity to l>es 
Moines College students tor instruction 
in oratory which they have previously 

enjoyed and the school will also he 




I'll,. I,, |,y Hcislctlc r 

JULIA HAYMOND WATSON 

easily accessible to students living 
elsewhere in the city. Miss Watson is 
most thoroughly equipped For the work 
in which she has been engaged and 
which she will continue in her own 
school. She is well educated and 
studied in the Philadelphia National 
School of Oratory and took a post- 
graduate course at Columbia College of 
Expression. She is enthusiastic in her 
chosen profession and is of the temper- 
ament to impart her enthusiasm to her 
pupils. A good judge of human nature 
and thoroughly in sympathy with the 

ambitions of the student, she enables 

them to give expression to the best that 
is in t lii-))i ami t hus to develop I heir 
highest possibilities. Miss Watson will 
devote part of her time to recital work, 
giving readings and full evening enter- 
tainments. One of her popular recitals 
is Mark Twain's "Tom Sawyer;" and 
in her broader sphere of activity will 
prove as valuable an acquisition to the 
general public as she is well known to 
he in her connection with Des Moines 

College. 




The Fame of the 

Kimball 
Piano 

Is sustained; 

By pillars of groat names, strong 
unci enduring likcthe columns of granite 
that adorn and support the monuments 
and temples of the world; 

By the World's Columbian Imposi- 
tion judges, in 1893, who accorded hut 
one sweeping award for "superlative 
merit;" 

By the Trans-Mississippi Exposition 
at Omaha in 189H. whichgave the Kimhail 
the diploma and only gold medal award- 
ed any piano; 

By the Alaska-Yukou-Pacific Exposi- 
tion at Seattle in 1909, which gave to the 
Kimball, grand and upright, the grand 
highest award. 

By ' the endorsement of 2"00,000 
satisfied customers. 



W. W. Kimball & 

Entablished 1857 

813 Walnut St. 

E. S. RANDALL, Mgr, 



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Please Mention "The Midwestern" 



Answering Ads. 

90 



We Would Appreciate It. 



MUSIC NOTES 



Mrs. Charles S. Hardy 

Pianist and Teacher 
STUDIO, 822 18th Street 

Educational Methods of Music Instruction 

Childrens Department 
Preparatory Department 

Advanced Department 

Send for Prospectus. 

Teachers Certificates Awarded, 



BONCI RECEIVES MANY OFFERS. 
Since Bond's return from his coun- 
try to America, the great tenor lias had 
many requests for appearances in al 
most every country on both conti- 
nents. Even before he sailed in May 



he had already been compelled 1o re- 
fuse au engagemenl at La Scala in 
which the salary offered him was the 
same as that he received at the Metro- 
politan, something practically unheard 
of in Europe. At the some time came 
a request from .Madrid offering him 
any price that he might see fit to de- 
mand. But the tenor had promised 
himself and America a concert tour, 
and he felt unwilling to withdraw, flat 
tering and attractive as were the prop 
oaitions. 

A conflict of dates has also made 
it impossible for Bonci to accept one 
of the most urgent requests which has 
ever been made to an artist and which 
came directly from the government of 
Mexico, where his services were re- 
quested in September for the great 
celebration to he held to commemor- 



T*~ 


P^PBfck^ a^ 


■*2 ■■! 






■ 



MISS GENEVIEVE WESTERMAN 

Who re-opens her Studio alter I Summer spent in New Hampshire 



Reclaiming Drinking; Men 



The Neal Institutes now located in the principal cities of America from 
New York to San Francisco, have just closed the most successful month's 
work in their history. Hundreds of patients, from all classes and conditions 
of men and of varying degrees as to the drink habit have been cured and 
sent into the activities of life with grateful hearts. It is in this way that 
the Neal Institutes are already beginning to exert a tremendous influence 
for good both upon the lives of individuals and upon the life of the com- 
monwealth and of the nation. 

No work is equal to that of reclamation. Nothing so approaches right- 
eousness as the restoring of the individual to his normal, healthful self after 
wandering far from the path. The methods pursued in curing drunkenness 
by the Neal Institute is simple, quick and lasting in its results. Let the 
good work go on and spread to foreign lands, where it is needed as much 
as in America. 

STRONG ENDORSEMENTS 

Excerpts from Letters Endorsing the NEAL Cure For the Drink Habit 

Ft. Dodge, Iowa, June 19, 1910. INSTITUTE of Des Moines, Iowa, and find 

"I esteem it one of the special privileges of the same a very successful cure for the liquor 

providence to tell the world what my eyes habit. We have sent many of our members 

havejseen of the magnificent results of the there for treatment; sending them there 

NEAL Three Day Drink Habit Cure." confirmed drunkards, mental and physical 

L. S. COFFIN, LL. D. wrecks, and in the astonishingly short time 

„ , T .. T t? k o loin of THREE DAYS the NEAL TREATMENT 

Des Moines, Iowa, Feb. 9, 1910. 

,, T . „„ , AT -r> rm^-r^ i j + cured them perfectly, made them new men, 

"It is a GRAtvD, GOOD work and a great * •" "* ""="' 

' ,, restored their lost manhood, and with steady 

benefit to humanity. , . , . ' , / 

MONSICNOR FLAVIN nerves and clear brains, sent them home to 

Pastor St. Ambrose Church. " ' wife and children, changed men, regenerated, 

„ „, . T T n mm witn au craving or desire for drink gone. 

Des Moines, Iowa, Jan. 12, 1910. ° T - TC ,_, TrT ° T _l, 

, r . , ■ , ■ ., . . Some have been out of the NEAL INSTITUTE 

•'It is the greatest miracle since the raising 

.,,,,,, for over seven months and are attending to 

of Lazarus from the dead. ,,. , . . ., _ , x ___, * 



REV. J. F. NUGENT, D. D. 



their business in the usual, prompt and effic- 
PastoToY Church oFvisitattonT ient manner. The NEAL TREATMENT 

UNITED BROTHERHOOD OF CARPEN- ^ ^ ^ that "/-f T t0 „ d ° *** ™ ?* 
TERS AND JOINERS OF AMERICA. heartily recommend it to all our members 

Des Moines, Iowa, Local No. 6. and citizens as the most reliabIe and P erfect 

Des Moines, Iowa, July 18, 1910. cure for the drlnk hablt that IS m existence. 

To Whom it May Concern: Respectfully, 

This is to certify that we have investigated IRA D - LANE, Financial Secretary 

the standing and treatment of the NEAL L. G. BENNETT, Recording Secretary. 

NEAL INSTITUTES LOCATED AT 

Albuquerque, N. M. Buffalo, N. Y. Fargo, N. D. 

Murphysboro, 111. Sioux Falls, S. D. Baltimore, Md. Houston, Texas. 

New York City, N. Y. Springfield, Mo. Boston, Mass. Indianapolis, Ind. 

Omaha, Neb. St. Louis, Mo. Cincinnati, Ohio. Los Angeles, Cal. 

Portland, Ore. Superior, Wis. Des Moines, Iowa. Louisville, Ky. 

San Francisco, Cal. Topeka, Kans. Davenport, Iowa. Sioux City, Iowa. 

Please Mention "The Midwestern" in Answering Ads. We Would Appreciate It. 

92 



MUSIC NOTES 



93 




MISS HELEN LOUISE BELL n,,,,,,!,, M i t , 

of Tiuffalo, N. V., who was a suest recently (if Miss Chapman 



ate the hundredth anniversary of the 
republic Bond's engagements iu Italy 
prevent the possibility of his accept- 
ance of this distinction, hut it is not 
likely that he will arrange to accepl 
the offer to open the new opera house 
of Mexico next season. 

Bonci lias also been engaged for the 
great exposition in Rome next sv.ei- 
mer. The committee waited upon him 
in his summer residence and worked 
long to secure his promise for May and 
June, hut the tenor was not willing to 
cut his American lour for the firsl 
month and the second interferes with 
a very important operatic engagement 
which is awaiting his decision. The 



committee of Home Festival compro- 
mised thereupon for the months of Oc- 
tober and November. In addition to 
the foregoing pressing offers, nearly 
every mail brings him requests to sing 

in Germany, and a. strange coincidence 

is that from Dresden, from Frankfort, 
from Berlin, from Vienna and from 

many smaller cities come requests for 
his photographs for publication. 

lie is, however, devoting all his en 
ergies to the preparation of his pro 
grams for America, which he has si' 
lected with regard to beaut v. and it is 
assured that no more enjoyable offer- 
ings have ever been made from the 
concert platform. 



94 



THE MIDWESTERN 



MRS. HOWELL For STATE REGENT 

At the forthcoming annual state 
meeting of the Daughters of the Amer- 
ican Revolution, to be held in October 
in Cedar Palls, the Des Moines chap- 
ter, Abigail Adams, will present the 
name of Mrs. Elizabeth Howell for the 
state regency. Inasmuch as the Des 
Moines chapter has not been the recip- 
ient of this honor since the first year 
of the organization, although it is the 
oldest chapter in the state, their can 
didate will doubtless receive favorable 
consideration. Mrs. Howell is a char- 
ter member of Abigail Adams Chapter 
and has been a leader in its work ever 
since its organization. She is a culti- 
vated and lovely woman, a Kappa 
Kappa Gamma, member of the "Wom- 
an's Club, and is deeply interested in 
the state and national work of the D. 
A. R. Abigail Adams Chapter will 
give their enthusiastic support to Mrs. 
Howell as their candidate. 



Best Paving 
Block Made 



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thoroughly appreciate the fact 
that Quality is the best econ- 
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The quality of Metropol- 
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manent demand throughout 21 
States and Canada. 

Seven Modern Factories — 
Daily Capacity, 

500,000 



The Metropolitan 
Paving Brick Co. 

CANTON, OHIO 



THE FLYNN WAY 



CLEANLINESS IS THE WATCHWORD. 



Every precau- 



tion is exercised in the production and handling of Flynn Dairy Company's bottled 
milk. From the time the milk is drawn from the cows and delivered to you the 
supply is safe-guarded at every turn. 

THE FLYNN FARMS, Which are located in the heart of Iowa's 
greatest dairying district, are kept in perfect sanitary conditions; the milking is 
done in a most cleanly and painstaking manner. The health of the herd is kept 
constantly in mind. We have our own veterinarian, who is constantly making 
examinations of our cattle. 

All apparatus with which the milk comes in contact is thoroughly washed and 
sterilized. Every operation reflects cleanliness. --SCIENTIFIC CLEAN- 
LINESS. 

FLYNN S MILK. i s bottled where cleanliness is a science. The bottles 
are automatically filled and capped, never coming in contact with the operatives. 

Every housewife and mother is interested in pure milk. * *"* *- • , " *-' * ~ ' 
MET HO D is their protection. 

~™FLYNN DAIRY COMPANY 



Iowa Phone 1044 Walnut 



SEVENTH AND UNIVERSITY 



Mutual Phone 186 



IN MEMORY 




DR. L. DRAKELEY ROOD 

DR. ROOD 

Of the most splendid physical prow- 
ess, courageous in spirit, full o* 
kindliness and good cheer, it seemed 
incredible to the general public, when 
the evening papers came out announc- 
ing his death — that this could be true. 
One day upon the busy street, in the 
office building, going to and fro 
about his duties — the next day 
dropped from human sight forever. 
And because so few knew that he wa.-> 
ailing, so (v\v noticed any change in 
Ins abounding health, this made it 
more difficult to endure. Only his im- 
mediate relatives and friends even 
guessed that be was a sick man until 
just the last. In reality he was ill for 
some months, but even he did not con- 
sider bis malady serious. And still 
lull (il courage, of hopefulness and a 
greal love tor bis dear ones, be did 
rot complain — and at the last he was 
smiling as bis spirit passed through 
the invisible door into the greal si- 
lence. 

I )r. Rood and bis wife came to Dcs 
Moines from their far-away home i.i 
Vermont some years ago, possessed 
with the charm of a new country with 
greater opportunities for business than 
axe found in New England, Kerethey 
made a place lor themselves at once, 

both in business and Social life. They 

Liked l>es Moines ami Des Moines 



liked them. Dr. Rood's practice was 
soon established among the best peo- 
ple ami building tor themselves a 

lovely home they soon gathered about 
them a congenial coterie of warm per- 
sonal friends. Dr. Rood was not a 
demonstrative man, but under his 
quiet exterior was a firm will, a singu- 
larly sweet ami honest, nature, and 
an unswerving loyalty to the life 
principles he had adopted. His friends 
found him true at all times — his pa- 
tients knew his rare value in times of 
illness and grief, and the poor whom 
be helped all over the city bless his 
memory with their gratitude. Such 
a man is especially missed from the 
lite of a community, and such a mail 
lives long after he has passed from 
mortal vision in the good work he 
has done here, Surely no man ever 
loved his home more devotedly than 
did Dr. Hood. 'Phis was his earthly 
paradise, and it is especially sad to 
know that their new home on Grand 
avenue was just completed and he and 
hisw ife in their first enjoyment of what 
they considered would be their life 
long residence. A host of friends give 
loving sympathy to his dear ones so 
bereft. And while we see as through 
a glass darkly, in our effort to look 
into the eyes of 1 hose whom we here 
lost, how do we know that they do 
not see us clearly an! love us more 
than they did before? Love goes on 
forever. Death cannot change it. This 
is our great consolation. C. M. O. 

MRS. TURNER 

A beautiful life passed from us 
when Mrs. Mary A. Turner was called 
borne. Ripe in years, her f^oine; was 
not all unexpected. lint she will 
he sadly missed from the place she 
filled in church, society ami her home. 
Hers was a noble ami lofty spirit, 
which carried all burdens lightly, sup 
plied with strength from the source 
uf all true power. To know her was 
li love and honor her. New concep- 
tions of greatness and of loyalty to 
truth came to those most eloselv as 



IN MEMORY 



sociated with her. Such a hig heart 
beat in her bosom that she was not 
content with doing just for her own 
Her hand was reached to all in need 
and many a great work owed its prime 
incentive to her. Notable among these 
was the Business Woman's Home and 
the Home for Friendless Children, the 
original ideas being presented by Mrs. 
Turner, and she was an active worker 
lor both during her life time. Surely 
the master will place upon her head 
the crown of victory, due to those 
whose lives have been wrought accord- 
ing to His purpose. C M. O. 

MRS. EMERY 

Many tears were shed in Dcs 
Moines when the message came that 
Mrs. John Emery had passed away. 
Since her brief residence among us, 
she had endeared herself to a large 
circle of friends. Big hearted and 
sweet souled, she loved to surround 
herself with people. Fond of sociai 
intercourse, an ardent lover of music 
and a discriminating reader, she made 
a splendid companion at all timeo. 
Joyousness was the keynote of her ex- 
istence, and although a sufferer for 
several years, she hoped for ultimate 
recovery. But the disease at last 
triumphed, and surrounded by her 
family dear ones, she passed quietly 
away — in the prime of life, and as full 
of eager interest in all about her as 
she ever was. Her kindliness of spirit 
and judgment were pronounced traits 
of character in Mrs. Emery. Her 
charity knew no limits. From the 
lowliest to the most exalted, she 
reached her hand to all, and all classes 
honored and loved her. Her suffering, 
which was long and severe, was borne 
with wonderful fortitude. Mrs. Emery 



was a cultivated and refined gentle- 
woman, a devoted and lovely wife and 
mother. To her dear ones many hearts 
reach out in sympathy. C. M. O. 

MR. PERCIVAL 

By the death of F. A. Percival, Des 
Moines lost an early and valued citizen 
who, in connection with others, helped 
to lay the foundations of this city, in the 
years of its infancy. It is due to his 
memory to say that he was a citizen 
whom in the after years, the people de- 
lighted to honor with their love and con- 
fidence. In all his dealings with his fel- 
low men there was not a blot upon his 
name, nor on his life's page a spot or 
wrinkle. His word was as good as his 
attested bond. He was generous as 
well as honest in all his dealings, 
keeping ever in sight the recompense 
which is surely vouchsafed to the 
character of those having the happy con- 
sciousness of having dealt fairly and hon- 
estly with all men. Mr. Percival was 
a man blessed with good judgment, a 
logical mind, and fine, sensitive feeling. 
His choice of books was of the. best, and 
his conversation on the topics of the day 
showed a clear and correct view of man's 
duty to man. He was a clean man and 
so far as the writer's knowledge goes, 
he was never heard to make a remark 
which bordered on the improper, or im- 
pure. He was a man of deep religious 
feeling, full of hope and trust, such as 
never will make him ashamed when final 
accounts are adjusted and rewards dis- 
tributed. It is with a sadness, mingled 
with hope, that this little wreath is en- 
twined around his memory ; for no one 
who knew him will doubt that he has 
entered into the rest prepared for such 
as he. T. H. 




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flavor EVERY SACK GUARANTEED 

CONCERNING FALCON FLOUR: "1 >es Moines people can get the but at home— and build 
great home industry." GBIS BoTSFOBD, Secretary Commercial <'lul>. 






Campbell-Russell Press 
des moines 



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Campbell-Russell Press 
oes MOINES 



A beautiful life passed on when Mrs. 
Caroline Lockwood closed her eyes in her 
last sleep. She was a true noblewoman, as 
staunch and sincere, as loyal and true in her 
religious beliefs as were the women of the 
Crusades. A wonderful sweetness of na- 
ture belonged to her also, making her the 
dearest treasur of her children and fam- 
ily and gathering about her always a cir- 
cle of devoted friends. Faithfulness to all 
of life's duties and demands seemed to be 
the supreme watchword of her life. In a 
long residence in Des Moines, she was an 
influence for good in church and charitable 
work and in social circles. She was the 
ideal type of mother, and lived to see her 
children rise up and call her blessed. All 
the trials of her life she met with rare 
bravery. It is good to look back in memory 
to such a life as hers and we can feel assured 
that the reward of the faithful are now 
hers. Many hearts that loved her go out 
in sympathy to her bereaved ones. 




MRS. CAROLINE LOCKWOOD 



One of the favorite writers of stories 
for girls is Katherine Ruth Ellis of 
Charles City, Iowa, whose "Wide- 
Awake Girls At College" is one of the 
holiday favorites. This is the third of 
the popular "Wide- Awake Girl 
Series." Miss Ellis improves her style 
with each new book and this latest 
volume is a promise of what we may 
expect of her in the future. She is 
justly a favorite with college girl read- 
ers. The volume is attractively illus- 
trated. Little, Brown & Co. $1.50. 



A dear little book for little people 
is "Betty in Canada," by Eta Blais- 
dell McDonald and Julia Dalrymple, 
and is uniform in style with the other 
books of travel by these authors. This 
little volume is full of interest and of 
information for older readers as well 
as for children. It will make a most 
acceptable gift. Little, Brown & Co. 
75 cents.. 



An exquisite gift book is "The Pal 
ace Made By Music," by Raymond 
McDonald Alden and illustrated by 
Mayo Bunker. This is a little story 
showing how men learned to make 
music together, and how out of a great 
harmony was born a wonderful palace 
of snowy marble. Bobbs-Merrill Co. 
50 cents. 



From the house of Stokes comes an at- 
tractive volume by E. Nesbit, whose 
"Would-be-Good" attracted so much atten- 
tion some time back, called "Harding's 
Luck." Sixteen illustrations by H. B. Mil- 
ler adorn the book. This is a story of the 
adventures of a little lame castaway, who 
turns out to be the son of a great noble in 
England. It will be especially pleasing to 
young people. 

Frederick A. Stokes Co. $1.50. 



MUSIC NOTES 



69 



$15 and $20 Coats, Suits 
and Dresses Now 

Smart, pretty and distinctive coats, suits and dresses, selling at 
regular times at $ 1 5 and $20 will be placed on sale now at $ 1 
each. Don't underestimate the importance of this great opportunity 
to secure a fine garment for 



$10.00 



The coats, suits and dresses at this uncommon low price are in 
late styles, wanted materials and colors — all popular effects. It's a 
wonderful opportunity. 

The Harris-Emery Co. 



RECITAL BY MISS LINCOLN'S 
PUPILS DECEMBER 1 1th 

A delightful affair was the recital by 
Miss Lincoln's pupils at her studio in 
the afternoon of December 11th. The 
following program was enjoyed. 

Taut I. 

"Come Unto the Yellow Sands" (The 

Tempest) PurceU 

Bessie 1 farbvwhire, Jessie Lee Bradshaw, 

John Putinan. 
"It Was a Lover and His Lass" (As 

You Like It) A rnr 

Miss Margaret McLoney. 
"Who Is Sylvia?" (Two Gentlemen 

from Vernon ) /Schubert 

Miss Darbvshire. 



''Under the Greenwood Tree" (As 

You Like It) Arne 

Miss Bradshaw. 
"Should He Upbraid?" (Taming of 

the Shrew) Bishop 

Miss Mabel Moss. 
Duet — "On a Day" (Love Labor 

Lost ) Bishop 

Miss Darbvshire, Miss Bradshaw. 
"Ohphens With His Lute" (Henry 

VIII) Sullivan 

Mrs. Harry Chapin. 
"So Sweet a Kiss" (Love's Labor 

Lost ) DcKovcn 

Miss Una Dell Bartholomew. 
"Blow, Blow, Thou Wintry Winds" 

( As You Like It) Arne 

Mrs. Chapin, Miss McLoney, Miss Shaw. 



Thanking our friends for patronage during the year 
1909, We wish you all a Happy New Year 
for 191 0. W. P. Henry Drug Co. 



DES MOINES, IOWA 



819 Walnut St. 



70 



THE MIDWESTERN 



Part II. 

(Christmas Songs) 

Trio— "Say, Where Is He Born?" 

(Christus) Mendelssohn 

Mrs. Chapin, Miss McLouey, Miss Shaw. 
"While Shepherds Watched Their 

Flocks by Night" 

..Traditional Melody — Old English 
John Putman. 

"Night of Nights" Van de Water 

Miss Darbyshire. 
"The Birthday of a King". .Weidlkvger 

Miss Shaw. 

"Rejoice Greatly" (Messiah) . .Handel 

Mrs. Bertha Frederick Barnes 

"The Prince of Peace" Billiard 

Miss Jeannette Bellamy. 
Carol — "When Christ Was Born of 
Mary Free" Steele 

DRAKE FACULTY RECITAL 

On the evening of December 16th, 
in the auditorium of the University 
Place Church of Christ, a splendid 
audience was assembled to enjoy the 
faculty re-ital. The audience was an 
unusually appreciative one and the 
program most enjoyable. The numbers 
from Miyuon. Carmen and the Sextette 
from Lucia di Lammermoor were finely 
rendered and warmly applauded. The 
program is given : 

Ballad from "Flying Dutchman"... 

Wagner-Liszt 

Miss Marie Van Aaken. 
"Recit and Polonaise" (Mignon) . . . 

Thomas 

Mrs. Grace Jones-Jackson. 
"Song of the Smithy" (Philemon and 

Baucis) Govnod 

Frederick Vance Evans. 

Duet (Carmen) Bizet 

Mrs. Jackson and Mr. Cowper. 
''Walters' Preislied" (Meistersi narer) 

Wafiner-WiJhchn 

Georsrine van Aaken, -^ 

"Oielo e mar" (Gioconda) , .Ponchieil! 

Holmes Cowper. 
"My Heart Ts Weary" (Nadeshda) . . 

Goriiut Thomas 

Genevieve Wheat-Baal. 
Sextette (Lucia di Lammermoor) . . 
Doinzrtti 



^chilixrSpecial, 

61 of these high grade 
Pianos are being used at 
the Drake Conservatory, 
There's a Reason j& & 
-QUALITY. 

PRICES $350 TO $500 

JONES vS PIANO CO. 



>• LOCUST ST 



Mrs. Jackson, and Mrs. Baal, Messrs. 

Cowper, Evans, Saylor and Mac- 

Bae. 

Edward Baxter- Perry appeared be- 
fore an enthusiastic Des Moines audi- 
ence on December 12th, at St. Joseph's 
Academy and December 13th, at Sher- 
man Place, before the Woman's Club. 
The programs given were of a high or- 
der. 

A party of Des Moines music lovers 
attended the Bloomfield-Zeisler recital 
in Grin'nell on the evening of December 
13th. 



A darling small gift book comes to 
our table, by Irwa L. Wallace of 
Charles City, Iowa. It is called the 
"Birth of Mental Excellence" and most 
beautifully printed and bound by the 
press of Paddleford of Marshalltown. 
The purpose of the little story is, as 
the writer well puts it, "to show the 
barrenness of a godless life in compar- 
ison with a life filled with a conscious 
ness of the Divine Creator." Th» 
story showing originality and lit- 
erary ability of a fine order. This 
booklet will make a dear Christmas 
gift to a friend whom one loves. 



"Love your art, but do not marry it,'' 
one of our well known musicians re- 
marked the other day here in Des Moines 
in conversation on musical matters. 

Apropos of whether marriage hinders 
art or art hinders marriage, Mary Gar- 
den the noted prima donna, has this to 
say of interest : "I think to marry is the 
best thing a woman can do to make her 
happy. I do not believe in a wom- 

an trying to be a grand opera singer and 



To our Friends and Patrons we 
extend the Seasons Greetings and 
wish for them all a Happy New 
Year. 

DES MOINES ELECTRIC COMPANY 



Fifth and Mulberry Streets -:- -:- DES MOINES, IOWA 



ISjompltk? unh damforfahl? 

Have you ever noted the difference in the general 
atmosphere of a home that is lighted with a sharp 
tiresome light or a dull half light, and that of one 
lighted by the Reflex gas lamp? Gas gives a soft, 
soothing mellow ray that harmonizes with all sur- 
roundings that makes a home cozy and comfortable. 

2)es /Iftoines <3as Company 

205 Either pbone 



Please Mention "The Midwestern" in Answering Ads. We Would Appreciate It. 

1 



r. 



D 

o 

Ik 




People's Savings 
Bank 

Capital Stock $1 00, 000. 00 Surplus & Profits $120, 000. 00 
"Deposits over $2,000,000.00 

INTEREST PAID ON TIME DEPOSITS 



OFFICERS: 



"DIRECTORS: 



C. H.MARTIN, . 
T. F. FLYNN - 
F. P. FLYNN 
E. A. SLININGER 
GEO. V. HARRITT 



President 

Vice-President 

Cashier 

Asst. Cashier 

A&st. Cashier 



O. H. PERKINS 
M. MANDELBAUM 
J. A. CARVER 
DR. D. W. SMOUSE 
R. J. FLEMING 



L. SHUERMAN 
1 . F. FLYNN 
C. H. MARTIN 
F. P. FLYNN 



o 

D 



o 

1 

D 

o 



DES MOINES BANKS AND THE 
FINANCIAL SITUATION 



ONE of the most valuable assets 
of a city is its banking facili- 
ties, and the banks of Des 
Moines are the indicators of 
the growth and prosperity of 
the city, for they are the arteries 
through which its business is trans- 
acted, their checks and drafts being 
substituted for the handling of money, 
a system by which business is expedited 
and losses reduced to the minimum, 
the actual cash, or money being held 
in the bank vault. 

Old timers well remember the panic 
days of 1857, when there was no bank ; 
of issue in the State of Iowa, and the 
only money in circulation was of the 
"wild-cat" variety, issued by banks of 
other States, which every merchant 
who took it, hastened to get into the 
hands of a broker, or bank, every day 
before he closed his store, despite 



which, thousands of them were forced 
into bankruptcy, by the sudden col- 
lapse of the rotten banks, whose notes 
could not be used for Eastern exchange. 
The mechanic who was paid the stuff 
for a day's work, had no assurance that 
it would buy him a breakfast the next 
morning. In 1858, a law was passed es- 
tablishing the State Bank of Iowa, a 
bank of issue with several branches, 
one in Des Moines, which did the bank- 
ing business of the State until Con- 
gress established a system of National 
Hanks. Immediately, banking took an 
upward turn, starting in 1875, with 
the Des Moines Bank, by Judge P. M. 
Casady, his son Simon, and a few 
other men, which in 1883, was merged 
with the Union Savings Bank and be- 
came the Des Moines Savings Bank. 
Under the sagacious careful manage- 
ment of the Judge, it became one of 



evolved which is both sanitary and also ap- 
pealing to the deepest sentiment of those 
who are bereft of their dear ones. In reply 
to the argument that cemeteries are chosen 
far distant from cities or towns, it may be 
said that these cities and towns are most 
apt to grow to and include the burial 
ground, as has already happened in Des 
Moines. Some earnest writer adds that "if 
the dead endanger the living when the popu- 
lation is dense, they certainly also endanger 
them when the population is sparse." The 
danger is only diluted. As lovers of our kind, 
claiming to be human, we can no more be 
indifferent to the danger of a few than to 
the danger of many. Granting the fact that 
evil to the living is inseparable from the 
burial of the dead in the earth, a remedy is 
necessary. And the remedy has been found. 
Entombment, made perfectly sanitary, and 
the dessication of the body instead of de- 
composition — these are the methods which 
scientific investigation has decided upon as 
the true ones. In both ancient and modern 
times, entombment his been made sanitary, 
although the custom has never been general 
in all lands. Added to the knowledge al- 
ea'iy gathered, carefully conducted experi- 
ments have been made which prove that the 
conditions of dessication can be controlled 
and decomposition prevented. It is to do 
away with earth interments that the beauti- 
f.ii 'Mondale Abbey is being erected. In the 
erection of a Mausoleum it was necessary to 
choose material which would resist the rav- 
ages of time. 

Glendale Abbey will be a beautiful struc- 
ture. The building itself to be constructed 
of reinforced concrete, will rest upon con- 
crete foundations covered entirely wi h a 12 
inch reinforced floor. In the center of the 
building will be a magnificent marble lined 
chapel designed for funeral services, covered 
by a dome of equal proportions. The ex- 
terior of the building will be of beautiful 
hard stone, not only pleasing to the eye, but 
as beautiful as anything which nature 
makes. 



The Body Sealed in a Crypt. 
When the body is placed in a crypt, an 
open jar of formaldehyde is placed therein 
at the time of the sealing of the crypt. The 
fumes from this formaldehyde kill any dis- 
ease germs which may be in th= body, and 
at the same time produce a gas, absorbing 
any liquids which may be left in the tissues 
of the body. These gases are carried off 
through an automatic valve at the rear of 
the crypt leading then into a d°odorizer and 
germ destroyer. Here these gases are 
passed through formaldehyde and medicated 
cotton so that any germs which might be 
therein are killed and the gases are de- 




.. t- :5£atito..^ - -*' 

| oami:s R BROWN 




Open and Closed Crypt 

odorized and when let into the air at the 
top of the .Mausoleum they are purer than 
the air itself. 

Pes Moines is certainly fortunate in being 
one of the centers in Iowa chosen by the 
Mausoleum people in the erection of the 
most beautiful building in the XTnited States 
and our city well deserves to be a leader in 
a movement which will do so much toward 
bettering sanitary conditions for all. Des 
Moines' residents are enthusiastic in their 
appreciation of Glendale Abbey and give 
the new movement their hearty endorse- 
ment. 





PU ?!™ Order "FALCON" when you need Flour 

QUALITY 

flavor EVERY SACK GUARANTEED 

CONCERNING FALCON FLOUR: "I >es Moines people can get the beat at home— and build a 
great home industry." — Gkis Botsforh, Secretary Commercial Clul). 



Campbell-Russell Press 
des MOINES 












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7£/V CEATS 

,/i copy 



Mi IRTON E. w 11.1 >N , JR. 
Sum at Mr. nii.l Mis. Morton 1',. Wel.h, 8406 Fifth Sheet 

DECEMBER, 1910 



ONE DOLLAR 
A YEAH 




Your Christmas table will not be complete without GIFT BOXES of 
DAVIDSON'S CHOCOLATES-"The peer of all other Chocolates" 

Manufactured in Ties Moines Ajj 



DA VIDSON BROTHERS CO. 



DES MOINES, IOWA 
106-1 10 Third Street 






Kodaks For Christmas 

95.00 to 9111.00 

BROWNIE CAMERAS 

91.00 to 912.00 

Our Developing and Printing dept. will do your finishing. 
Everything Photographic for amateur and professional. 

Des Moines Photo Mat 9 / Co. 

517 LOCUST STREET - DES MOINES, IOWA 



Plea** Mention "The Mldweetern" in Answering Ads. We Would Appreciate It 




SECOND ANNUAL AUTOMOBILE SHOW NUMBER 



im&iw 







TEN CENT 
A COPY . 



_j| (1]( |lenl of the Sears Automobile Co., Pioneer Automobile Healer in Iowa 

MARCH, 1911 



ONE TX>LL. 
A YEA'S 



JOINT SERVICE 

BELL TELEPHONE AND 

WESTERN UNION TELEGRAPH 

Every Bell Telephone a Telegraph Station 

Effective February 1, 1911 
Subscribers' Stations. 

If you are a subscriber to the Bell Telephone System and wish to send a Telegram, a 
Night Letter or a Cablegram, use your Telephone. 

Say "Telegram" to the operator and you will be connected with a Western Union office 
from which your message will be sent by telegraph and charged in your monthly account. 

At night, on Sunday or holidays, when the loral telegraph office may be closed, you will 
be connected with an open Western Union office without additional charge. 

Public Stations. 

You may also send Telegrams and Cablegrams from our Public Pay 
Stations. The arrangements vary at different classes of stations, but as 
rapidly as possible we shall equip them with full directions. 

Iowa Telephone Co. 




THE REFLEX IN THE STORE 

Helps the Dealer 

Helps the Customer 

Helps make the Sale 

The light is thrown down on the 
goods. 

It is the light nearest to daylight. 

Next to daylight it is the beslt light for 
selecting goods, for matching fabrics, 
for distinguishing colors, and it is the 
cheapest light. 

The store lighted by Gas has, &rt ad- 
vantage over the store without it. 

Our representative will gladly call up^on request 




DES MOINES GAS CO. 



412-1 4-16 Seventh 




View of the Coliseum where the I >es Moines Auto Show of 1911 will l>e helil, March 7-11 



HOBBLED THR DAY SHIRT 

She How do you like my now dress? 'Grady : "An' why do you want to 

He —It reminds me of a popular sell your nightshirt?" 

theater. Finnegan: "Sure, an' what good is 

she Whni do you mean? it to me now, whin I've me now job of 

He — Standing r n only. — Louisville oighl watchman, an' slape in the day- 

1'ost. toimes?" 



Are you interested in Photography? 

IF YOU ARE, 

CUT OUT THIS AD. 

and present it at or semi it 1 1 > \Y. P. Henry's I Irug Store, 819 \V. Walnut St., 
Des Moines, la., and yon will receive 1 dozen Cyko post cards absolutely free. 
A new and complete line of Camera? and Photo Supplies can always be 
found at this place. Buy your Camera here and we will teach you to make 
good pictures. Films developed and enlargements made. Ask about the 

Ansco film; ii gives the correct color value to your pictures. 

Mail orders given Special attention. 

W. P. HENRY 



Please Mention "The Midw.*s>ern" in Answering Ads. We Would Appreciate It. 



THE MIDWESTERN 



The Midwestern Magazine -:- 



March, 19 11 




Entered at Des Moines 'Post Office as Second-Class 
Matter -;. Copyrighted I 9 1 I , All Rights Reserved 

ONE DOLLAR PER YEAR 

TEN CENTS PER COT>Y 



Table of Contents 



The Sacred Fire 

Atleen Cleveland Higgins 

Cuba as a Winter Resort. 

Irene A. Wright 

The Resurrection of the Dump Boy. 
Orra Johnston 

The Paris Salon 

Gladys Hail Bechtel 



I 'ate 

17 



22 



2 l ) 



33 



The Iowa Suffragists and Their Work 36 

Mary). Coggeshall 

Women the World Around 41 

Music in Des Moines 45 

Musicus 

Automobile Department .... 52 

Home Building 84 



LIST OF SHOW EXHIBITORS 



The list <il' exhibitors who will have 
from one to three cars each at the 
show are as follows: Brick Motor Car 

Company, Iowa Auto and Supply Com- 
pany, Elmore Auto Company, Keystone 
Auto and Supply Company, Tinted 
Motori Des Moines Company, Strong 

Motor Company, J. I. Case Machine 
Company, Musgrave Pence and Auto 
Company, Scars Aulo Company, Kvans 
Auto Company, Brown Williams Com- 
pany, Moyer Auto Company, Manufac- 
turers Selling Agency, Cm 'an & Com- 
pany, Means Auto Company. Iowa Mo- 
tor Truck C pany. I) 8. Krudenier, 

White Motor Company. Capital City 



Carriage Company, Ryan Motors Com- 
pany, Dyson & Son, Standard Auto 
Company, Riddel] Auto Company, Her- 
ring Motor Company, Spaulding & 
Company, Standard Oil Company. 
Gates Osborne Manufacturing Com- 
pany, Auto Supply Company, Paragon 
Oil Company. Marshall Buggy Com- 
pany, Jenkins Motorcycle Company, 
Wayne Oil, Pump and Tank Company, 



' ".' ' ' 1 

National Vulcanizing Company, Jef- 
freys Auto Company, Washington Au- 
o Supply Company, William Cunning- 
liiin. Great Western Auto Company. 



'r ■,' ' . • 

ham. Great Western ,\m<> , imu|.,hi\, 
Anthony Cycle Company. Des Moines 
Motor Cycle Company. Marshall Oil 
Company, Manhattan Oil Company. 



THE MIDWESTERN 3 


PURE MILK DEFINED 


"Milk from a perfectly healthy normal cow, housed 
in a comfortable and sanitary stable; milked by a 
clean and healthy person into a sterile container, 
quickly cooled, transported and delivered to the con- 
sumer in a sealed package." This is Flynn's Milk 
as distributed to Des Moines mothers and housewives. 


FLYNN DAIRY 




HAS SET A NEW PACE 

The Grand Cafeteria has sel ;i new 
pace tor eaten in Des Moines. The 
most jaded appetite is revived when a 
peep is takes a1 the good things in 
the steam tables eaeh day. The cook 
is .-in artist iii his line and everything 
is cooked to suit the most epicurean 
taste, The plan of service, too, has 
grows instantly popular. Eves the 



men like it ami the number of men pa- 
trons is increasing daily. The Cafe- 
teria plan is most poplar in most cities, 
and has come to slay in Des Moines, 
as its experimental days are past. The 
menu is as varied as a hotel menu and 
each dish is perfect. 'Phe pies at the 
Grand Cafeteria are simply great. The 
coffee is quite as good as the Boston 
Lunch coffee. This is an ideal place to 
take a Sliest. Supper is also served. 



THE MIDWESTERN 



Your Lace Curtains 
Will Need Cleaning 
This Spring--- 



and you will make no mistake in 
sending them to this laundry to have the 
work done. 

We wash lace curtains very carefully, 
get them cleaner and whiter than you 
could at home, with even less wear. We 
starch them to just the degree of stiffness 
that makes them hang nicely and dry 
them upon frames that shape them ex- 
actly square and stretches them smooth 
and even. 

We know that you will like the work, 
and the promptness of our service. 
Lace Curtains - per pair 50c5ts. 

Munger's Laundry 



. C 



I 109-1 1 I I Grand Ave. 



Phone Walnut 4052 



Use skid chains on your tiros only when 
absolutely necessary. They tend to loosen 
treads and do much harm to tires. 



NO MORE WRINKLES 

I have a remedy that will speedily eradicate any case of 
wrinkles, on earth, no matter how had or what the cause. 

Makes Men and Women of 50 Look 25 

To ttune unacquainted with 

the remedy this may seem a 
broad statement, but I am pre- 
pared to prove it by the same 
men and women whose appear- 
ance speaks for Itself. 

The remedy has created a 
genuine sensation in this city 
by entirely restoring the youth- 
ful appearance in a number «if 

had cases of long standing, after 
all else had failed and they were 
given up as h"\ eless. 
1 [en's whal it will do: 
It Makes Old Kaces Yountf 
Removes AH Lines und Wrinkles. 
Corrects a Flabby or Withered Skin. 
Makes Thin Faces Plump 
Fills Out Hollow Checks. 

Develops the Bust Full and Round Without 
Massage. 
If you have muted your time using massage creams, 

rollers, plasters, etc., this remedy will prove a revelation ti> 
you, and 1 want jrou to t«t it free and judge for vmnself, 

rpCC Pull directions and sufficieni ol the remedy to 

■ n C t S |,, )W what it will do v\ ill be senl plain sealed i< i 
anyone Eox k pottage. Address, 

MME. A. FOULAIRE, 

Cleveland. Ohio Station B. 




I'KAl'K MAN 




SOUTHERN TOURISTS IN THE 
NORTHEAST 

A writer in a Birmingham, Ala., pub- 
lication makes the statement that 15,- 
()()() wealthy southerners toured in the 
eastern and New England states dur- 
ing the summer of 1010, being at- 
tracted by the magnificent highways of 

that section. 

From this fact he argues that a well 
constructed and maintained road from 
Washington to Birmingham would 
brine; many thousands of northern tour- 
ists to the south in the winter season. 
It would also he of great value to the 
agricultural and other interests along 
the route. 



A BOON, ST. VALENTINE 

St. Valentine, a boon 1 crave; 

A boon ol' your bestowing. 
It is a heart I would enslave 

Without the owner's knowing 
Some men are just a little shy. 

And he among the number; 
li would not do for me to siwh — 

That would cur friendship sunder. 
For friendship oft to love may turn, 

lint [ove to friendship, never! 
Dear Patron Saint, helo him discern 

That I am food — and clever. 
I would not ;isl; this, dear old Saint. 

But I I i hinfc he loves me ; 
A ml only has t hat heart so faint 

That never won fair ladye. 

— February Lippincotl 's. 



It is not wise to inn fast mi narrow 
roads. 

If the road is narrow and you are ap- 
proaching another vehicle, slow down. 



Smart Spring Styles in 

Women's Outer Apparel 

Suits, Coats, Dresses, Styrts, 
Waists, Exclusive Millinery 




COPVRiOm 1910 QY AMN COML ADVG CO, N.*. 



"""THE approval manifest- 
ed by the patrons of 
our Suit Department is well 
merited by our splendidly 
comprehensive showing of 
Spring Apparel. Suits, 
Coats and Dresses have 
been chosen with a perfect 
understanding of correct 
lines, styles and fabrics 
embodying all that is new 
and pleasing. 

Whatever your apparel 
needs may be, you can best 
supply them where stocks 
are largest, where quality 
is the first consideration 
and where prices are low, 
superior values considered. 

Suit Department 
Second Floor 



Please Mention "The Midwestern" in Answering Ads. We Would Appreciate U. 

5 



THE MIDWESTERN 




I >es Moines River Scene 



THE MIDWESTERN 



Spring Coats 



Coats for Spring 



Spring Suits 



Long, straight lines dominate the spring coat styles, the most note- 
Worthy feature being their unusually becoming one-line e ffeclfrom 
shoulder to hem. The smartest outer wraps are built on strictly mannish 
lines and reveal only partialis/ the outline of the figure Many clever 
designs are gained by interpretations of the raglan and peasant sleeve. 
Priced most reasonably, flS.oo and up 



NEW TAILORED SUITS 

We have given much thought and study to 

this early showing of spring suits and when 

compared with suits usually offered at the 

prices, they are very exceptional values. 

PRICE RANGE, $15.00 AND UP 



FOULARD DRESSES 
We show these in extensive variety. They 
are made on the straight lines decreed by 
fashion and many instances are noted of the 
modified kimona sleeve or peasant blouse. 

PRICE RANGE, $22.50 to $32.50 



New Auto Veils and 

Fancy Neckwear in Spring's 

Newest Hits 

C. J. McCONVILLE. Pres. 



9he $rand 



W. E. ENGLISH. Vice-Prcs. and Mgr. 



Pictorial Review Fashions 

Spring Style Book 
Now Ready . Ask for one 

GEO. F. VAN SLYCK., Treas 







Newly Furnished Throughout. Steam Heat, 

Electric Lights, Pure Mineral 

Water &alhs 

European 

Centropolis Hotel 

and Sanitarium 
P. W. LUENGEN, Prop. 


We have the exclusive sale in 
Des Moines of 

SHACKAMAXON 

GUARANTEED 

FABRICS 

Let us make you a spring suit 

out of them. Fit, Quality and 

Style guaranteed, at 

MORE \|Q ( mj LESS 






Eyes Treated Free 

For fifteen days. If yon do not wish to 
continue it costs you no hing. We are re- 
storing sight to hundreds of people afflicted 
with weak eyes, granulated lids, cataracts, 
scums, chronic eye diseases and failing 
■ sight. We want you to try these remedies 
on your eyes for fifteen days. It may save 
you from blindness. Many wonderful cures 
are being made. Address 

National [ye & Ear Infirmary 

213 10th St. DES MOINES, IOWA 


™ E GLASGOW 

319 SIXTH AVENUE 
DES MOINES 



Please Mention "The Midwestern" in Answering Ads. We Would Appreciate It. 



THE MIDWESTERN 




GEORGE M. CHRISTIAN 

Of the Savery Hotel Co. 

OPENING OF NEW SAVERY CAFE 

A real city lias first-class cafes, and 
the opening of the latest one in Des 
.Moines marks a new era in the eat'e 
business in the state of Iowa. The 
proprietors are well known and thor- 
oughly experienced hotel men, Geo. 
M. Christian, II. L. Hedrick and W. L. 
Beattie. They own and handle the 
BUiotl Hotel, also. They showed good 
judgment in buying into the Savery 
Company, and in refitting it so that it 
will lie the finest and most capacious 
hotel in the state. Over forty thou- 
sand dollars have already been spent in 
refitting and as soon as the legislature 
adjourns, the remaining work will be 
done. The cafe is a beauty and has 
delighted till who have seen it. Ma- 
hogany finishing, tiled floors, enameled 
steel ceilings, beautiful shaded lights, 
the finest linen, new silver and attrac- 
tive table furnishings in every par- 
ticular, all combine to inspire the guest 
with a sense of elegance and comfort. 
The cafe will be open from noon until 
midnight of each day, and theater par- 
ties will find this the very place for 
after-theatCT dining. The Savery Inn 



will run as heretofore. The cafe was 
opened brilliantly on the evening of 
February 17th, the guests of the occa- 
sion being the newspaper men of Des 
Moines. 

The speakers were W. W. Witmer, 
principal stockholder in the Savery 
holding company; George M. Christian, 
president of the Savery hotel company; 
Guy L. Crow, licit II. Mills, W. M. Har- 
rison, E. E. Hales, W. B. Southwell, 
Joseph Eiboeck, Geis Botsford, Fred 
Davis, George Gallarno, Chester M. 
Cogswell, Ora Williams, Berry II. 
Akers, Charles S. Adams, and Al W. 
Moore. 

Those present were W. W. Witmer, 
George M. Christian, II. L. Hedrick, W. 
L. Beattie, Berry II. Akers, L. W. Rus- 
sell, YV. C. Jamigan, Leroy James, A. 
Et. llultman, Frank S. Jeffries, Chester 
M. Coggswell, Herbert M. Harwood, 
Walter M. Harrison, Charles F. Dor- 
rell, F. I'. McKay, B, J. Schmitz, L. L. 
Hicketts, E. B. McClellan, C. C. Nve, 
Ora Williams, A. M. Piper, J. S. Wood- 
house, George Gallarno. I\. E. Hales, 
Guy L. Crow. Bert II. Mills, Joseph 
Eiboeck, Haul T. Roberts, George F. 
Slavin, Harry A. King, Marion Hol- 
brook Morrison, Charles S. Adams, 
Charles II. Clarke, Fred Davis, Geis 
Botsford, II. Parker Lowell, F. F. Miles, 
Rube Place, II. E. Stout, II. N. Whit- 
ney, J. W. Eichinger, W. S. Moore. W 
B. Southwell, W. G. Stevenson. Al. W. 
Moore, Charles M. Rogers, Dale B. *'ar- 
rell, E. W. Jamieson, M. J. Heartney, 
James E. Day, G. II. Dorwood, and 
Luther Weaver. 



FOILED 

He was bashful and she tried to make 
il easy for him. They were driving 
along the seashore and she became si- 
lent for a time. "What's the matter?" 
he asked. "Oh, I feel blue," she re- 
plied. "Nobody loves me, and my 
hands are cold. " 

"Yon should not say that," was his 
word of consolation, "for God loves 
you, and your mother loves you, ami 
you can sit on your hands." — Success. 



THE MIDWESTERN 



OPENING ANNOUNCEMENT 

The Savery Management Wishes to Announce to the People of 
Des Moines and the General Traveling Public the Opening 01 the 
New Savery Cafe in the basement directly below the Savery Inn. 

Our ambition is to make The New Savery Cafe the most attractive and 
imlucive eating place in the city. We expect to obtain and hold the public's 
confidence. 

Our New Savery Cafe is a modern Eating House. The fixtures represent 
the Highest Ideals of Art. 

The cuisine is the Best, the service prompt and courteous. 

The Savery Inn will still be maintained in its high order of excellence. 

THE SAVERY CAFE 

Opens 12 Noon and closes 12 Midnight. 

Visit this Modern and Unique Cafe and tell your Friends 

THE SAVERY HOTEL 



FOURTH AND LOCUST 



DES MOINES, IOWA 



The Elliott and Oxford, Des Moines. Iowa. The Lacey, Oskaloosa. Iowa 
The Keokuk, Keokuk. Iowa. Are also operated by Christian & Hedrick. 





hfeS^! 



H. A. ELLIOTT - PRESIDENT 

M. M. PRATT - Vice President 

WEBB M. ELLIOTT • Secretary 

-REDGREFE - AssT SECRETARY 



1911 



DES MOINES. IOWA 

46 YEARS EXPERIENCE 



A SOUND 
HOME COMPANY 

DOING BUSINESS IN 

IOWA ONLY 

CASH CAPITAL PAID IN FULL 

$100,000. 

LOSSES PAID OVER 

$4,350,000 



Please Mention "The Midwestern" in Answering Ads. We Would Appreciate It. 



Pes Moines I OCJLISE.UIVI I Unrivalled 



SECOND ANNUAL 

MUSIC FESTIVAL 

MINNEAPOLIS SYMPHONY 
E»"™] ORCHESTRA E^i 

EMIL OBERHOFFER, Conductor 

First Concert, Monday Night, April 3 

Operatic and Song Recital by the World's Greatest Lyric Tenor, 

Signor Alessandro Bonci 

Assisted at the Piano by HAROLD OSBORN SMITH 

Second Concert, Tues. Aft., Apr. 4, 3:00 

GRAND POPULAR CONCERT 

Minneapolis Symphony Orchestra 

Soloists: LUCILLE TEWKSBURY, Soprano. GENEVIEVE WHEAT- 
BAAL, Alto. CHARLES HARGREAVES, Tenor. CARLO FISCHER, 'Cello. 

Third Concert, Tuesday Night, April 4 

SYMPHONY NIGHT 

Minneapolis Symphony Orchestra 

Soloisls: MME. GERVILLE-REACHE, Prima Donna Contralto, Grand Opera 
House, Paris; Covent Garden, London; Manhattan and Metropolitan Opera, New 
York. MARCUS KELLERMAN, Basso, Royal Opera, Berlin. RICHARD 
CZERWONKY, Solo Violinist. 



Course Tickets— Three concerts, $3. Single Tickets, $1., $1.50. Mat., $1, 75c, 50c 

Holders of Course Tickets will reserve their seats at Festival Box Office at Coliseum, Tuesday and Wednesday, 
March 28-9, from 9 a. m. to 6 p. m. Sale of Single Tickets opens Thursday morning, March 30. (Course Tickets now 
on sale at Olson's Drug Store, corner Sixth and Locust. ) Outside orders must be accompanied with draft or P. O. 
order with self-addressed envelope. Direct all orders to 

DR. M. L. BARTLETT, Business Manager, Coliseum, Des Moines, Iowa. 

WENDELL HEIGHT0N, Manager, Minneapolis Symphony Orchestra 



Pleas* Mention "The Midwestern" in Answering Ads. We Would Appreciate It. 

10 



THE MIDWESTERN 



11 



B* George Trederick Ogden Piano Studios 

Studies Chat Stand for Choroughncss 



BROWNE MCARTIN 

Harmony, Musical History, Counterpoint, Violin 



ELSIE HOLBROOK- 

Assistant in Piano, Children's Department 



Mr. Ogden offers a COMPLETE COURSE inartistic piano playing, with special stress 
upon the building of an adequate TECHNIC. 

A most thorough NORMAL COURSE is given, affording splendid training for those 
desiring to teach. 

The CHILDREN'S DEPARTMENT insures comparatively as complete growth as in 
that for adults. 

Pupils are given personal assistance in SECURING GOOD POSITIONS upon completing 
the full course. GRADUATES are now filling excellent positions as teachers and concert players. 

Pupils may enter at any time. Certificates awarded. 

For detailed information address either studio. 



235 K. P. Slock 



DES MOINES 



1074 22nd Street 



1 


^^^^^^ ^^^^ 


1 op 


J 

m' -Jmlk 


i J 

m 


fall 1 


V 




^^^^^H "«^v*j3 



Parlors of Hosteller I'hotn^ra|ih Co. 



KITH AND KIN "0," said Jack eareleasly, "we were 

The small boy is an invention of 8a- disenwing onr kith and kin." 

tan. At least, that is what .lacks,,,, Ju8 | ,1 "'" ""' s ™*& popped 

thinks. Poor -larks,,,, is the devoted ll '" 1 " l "' 1 ""' 1 n "' I"'' 1 ""- 

slav,. of a fair damsel, eureed with a . Y ,,' Dad ' '"' lls| "'' L exas P er at- 

atriel father and an imp of a brother. "W- "' heard ''"'• Se SBld < Kui r 

The other nighl Dad eame into tin par- l<1,h . V,,M ■ ; "" 1 sl "' s ' 1 " 1 '' "" klll! ' ' 
lor al„ nit 9:30 with i "good-night" 

expression on his far,', ami tactfully [f yon happen to sit down "ll a tack. 

asked what they had l>cc, talking wiggling ar I will not help , natters. 

al,,), it t,i keep then, interested m late. Either gel up or sit still. 



12 



THE MIDWESTERN 



BRIDGE BUILDING AS AN ART 

Architecture is a broad term, and its 
main requirements apply to bridges as 
well as to habitations. In no field, 
however, does the designer have less 
breadth of opportunity to display his 
finer knowledge of art than in planning 
bridges. Cheapness has been the fore- 
most consideration, rather than beauty 
of detail in the abutments, the piers or 
the superstructure. If the finished work 
has been both strong and inexpensive, 
it has been looked upon ordinarily as 
satisfactory. But whether a bridge 
crosses a stream, a gulley or a road, 
especially within municipal limits, the 
completed structure may well combine 
art and usefulness. 

What Indianapolis, Ind., has done, in 
the way of river and stream improve- 
ment by means of artistic bridges, de- 
servedly attracts notice. The Hoosier 
capital has a right to boast of its bridge 
building achievements, and some other 
American cities could study them with 
profit. Seven years ago last spring 
nearly all the unstable structures over 
streams within Indianapolis were de- 
stroyed by floods. This proved to be a 
blessing, for under the direction of the 
new bridge and stream commission 
seven new bridges of heavy construc- 
tion were erected, the county defraying 
most of the expense. The long Von 
Emperger arch was used in all but one 
case, and the bridges are splendid speci- 
mens of strength and beauty. 

In the case of Indianapolis, bridges 
ponderous enough to accommodate 
electric cars were necessary, and both 
steel and stone entered into their con- 
struction. But small towns, as well as 
cities, can profitably give some thought 
to the matter of light, handsome 
bridges. It is a fact that the bridge 
often is the chief public work in a vil- 
lage, and its appearance often influ- 
ences largely the opinions which vis- 
itors form in regard to the community 
it graces or mars. The smaller bridges 
in the public parks are taking on 
graceful lines, together with simplicity 
and strength. This is a hopeful indica- 
tion, yet American bridges, as a rule, 
are not beautiful. Here is a field 
wherein the designer and builder have 
yet to work out some of their finest pro- 
ductions. 



A MODERN FAMILY 

Mother lounges at the club, 
Willie motors — reckless cub. 
Teachers work on Polly's voice, 
Art for Mary — that's her choice. 
Susie thinks she'll write a book, 
Wears a soulful, haunted look. 
Gussie thinks that she will play 
A piano some sweet day. 
Baby has a nurse or two, 
Must be French, or they won't do. 
This is all the family 'cept 
Father dear, and he is kept 
On the jump to get the scads 
Needed for the other's fads. 

— Miss Sadie Deadrick. 



NOT LIKE A VENUS 

Mrs. Cohen— "I don't like dis flat." 

Mr. Cohen — "Vat's de matter, ain't 
it a fine flat? Vy it has all de latest 
improvements, station house wash- 
stands, indescent lights, semetery 
plumbing, and two kinds of cold water, 
dirty and clean." 

Mrs. Cohen — "I know dat, but der 
are no curtains on de bathroom ; every 
time I. take a bath de neighbors can 
see me." 

Mr. Cohen— "Dat 's all right, Rachel, 
if de neighbors see you, dey will buy 
de curtains." 



CONDUCTOR'S NARROW ESCAPE 

A fat colored lady was a passenger 
on a street car and she had in her arms 
a baby which was nursing. When the 
conductor came by, the baby, fascinat- 
ed by the shining buttons on his coat, 
dropped its "dinner" and stared at 
the conductor. This annoyed the col- 
ored mammy, and she said, in a scold- 
ing tone : 

"Look yere, you Rastus, you'd bet- 
ter take yore dinner, or I'll shore gib 
it to de conductor." — M. Brandenburg. 



INSURGENCY 

"And what," asked a visitor to the 
North Dakota State Fair, "do you 
call that kind of a cucumber?" 

"That," replied a Fargo politician, 
"is the insurgent cucumber. It doesn't 
always agree with a party." 



THE MIDWESTERN 



13 




Concrete bridge luiili at Earlville, Iowa, by 



N. M. STARK <&, CO. 



1215 MULBERRY ST. 



DES MOINES, IOWA 



Some ut the line bridges built tn Iowa by this Company are at 



1 1.-. 'i .>h 
Ames 

Bailey's Ford 
Rockwell 

Bangor 

Cambridge 
Mackey 
Highland Park 



Swaledale 
Earlville 
Marshalltown 
Cerrn Gordo C< 
Bei w i< I: 
Wesl Union 
Count il Bluffs 
Sken 



\i/\ ada 
Cli moiis 
1 lunci i ■ be 
Scoti d tunty 
I redei ; < ksburs 

I .isi ■ >m 1 1 

I Delaware * lountj 
Mason City 



Poweshiek County 

Ft. I lodge 

( telwein 

i taeida 

New I tamp ton 

Fayette County 

hayton, etc., etc. 



TRY THE 

NEW FURNACE GRATE 

COAL 

Just the right size fur use. No need to hammer chunks. ( )nly use a 
shovel. WE HAVE IT NOW. 

GLOBE COAL COMPANY 



WALNUT 678 



611 GRAND AVE. 



There is no better 

INCUBATOR 
or BROODER 



than the 



KLONDIKE 



They are made 



in 



Des Moines 

321 S. Ninth St. 



Please Mention "The Midwestern" in Answering Ads. We Would Appreciate It. 



14 



THE MIDWESTERN 





House and Plain by Eastman 

No. 171 — Approximate cost with yellow pine trim ami beech floors, Including 
plumbing and beating, $3,400 



HE DIDNT HAVE IT 



Miss Merrill understood his grief 
letter when she received a note from 



.Miss Merrill, a teacher in a grade 
school, bad trouble with Johnnie hist h,s mothe , r - Slu ' , ' , ' a( . : , I don t know 

what he done, hut I licked nun lor it. 

I can'1 find it on him, and he says he 
ain't got it, now you better lick him 
and see if you can find it." 



week. Johnnie had trouble doing his 
work, and the authorities finally dis- 
covered that his sight was detective. 

Miss Merrill told Johnnie and sent him 

home with a note to his mother. He - 

gazed at the note in horror, then at 

the teacher, and hurst into tears. The WORTH 

note read: Men estimate the worth of others by 

"Johnnie has astigmatism; do not le1 what they are able to earn: women 

him return to school until he has been decide as to a man's worth by what he 

attended tO." is willing to spend. 



THE MIDWESTERN 



15 




Courtesy uf thr Strong Motor Co. 



STAINING THE FLOORS OF THE 

HOUSE 

It always is desirable to leave the 
floors in the natural tone (when' they 
are of pine or oak) i!' the color can be 
made to harmonize with the general 
treatment of the room, as, when un- 
stained, they are less likely to show 
dust and loot -prints, and arc more 
easily cared tor, tf yellow or tan eolor 
appear in the Wall-COVering (if the 

room, the Natural yellow tone of the 
floor will he Pound entirely harmoni- 
ous, and it cannot be improved hy 
staining; furthermore, it should be 

home in mind that the natural wood 
will gradually darken with time. How- 
ever, a stain may he used to produce at 
" llr e tli lor which ordinarily is in- 
duced only by time. This stain is lighl 
in color, almost ,-i golden-brown, iii 

fact, and harmonizes well with most 
Standing woodwork and wall treat- 
ments. 

Great care should be taken in the se- 
lection of the slain, mikI also in the ma- 
terials used for finishing the floors, as. 
while a well-finished floor is e thing of 
beauty, quite the reverse is the case if 

for any reason the stain is uneven and 

the surface is not smooth and easilv 



cleansed. A high-gloss or semi-gloss 
finish resembling wax may be obtained 
by the application of certain materials. 
A very excellent method of treating 
floors is to rub the high-gloss varnish 
to a semi-gloss finish. Such a floor is 
durable, readily and easilv cleansed 
with water and requires no polishing. 



Friends love us as we are because 
they see ill us possibilities of what we 
may become. Friendship, in conse- 
quence, is always an artistic achieve- 
ment. It sees the rough hlork of mar- 
ble. Hut in the block, however rough 
it lie, friendship sees the imprisoned 
angel which artistic effort can with 
love and skill and patience at last set 
free, a thing of beauty and a joy for- 
ever. — Good Housekeeping. 



As a result of the election of M. 
llranly as a candidate for the Academy 
of Sciences in Paris and the consequent 
rejection of .Mine, ('uric, a proposal has 
been made to form an Academy of Wo- 
men. The proposal is being supported 
by several well known men. among 

them being Prince Roland Buonaparte. 



If another vehicle is Crying to pass vou, 
keep to the right. 




Iowa Forest in Febraar 



The Midwestern 



VOLUME V 



MARCH, 1911 



NUMBER 7 



THE SACRED FIRE 

Aileen Cleveland Higgins 



JESS, you're lounging — " 
Alan Sterne paused after an 
artistic bit of facile dragging, 
and, poising his brush in mid- 
air, spoke to his model with the free 
criticism of long acquaintance. 

"Um-m, " responded Jess languor- 
ously under her breath, without chang- 
ing her position the infinitesimal frac- 
tion of an inch. 

Alan gave a quick ejaculation of im- 
patience which roused Jess finally, but 
not to the end the painter had desired. 

"Now, here — " Jess burst forth, 
jumping down from her place. "I've 
been under fire for half an hour. I 
can't do anything to please you. I'm 
not going to stand it any longer with- 
out something to eat. Do you think I 
can stand up here, like a lay-figure, 
forever in this hot place without any 
refreshment? I'm starved to death — 
what's in the haversack?" 

"Oh, Jess — can't you stand it just a 
few minutes more ? I am in a hurry to 
get this done — it's an order I've neg- 
lected and it's coming on famously to- 
day. I must get it off my hands before 
I go out of town for the summer. 
Stretch your muscles a minute and go 
back to your place — do, Jess — for a 
little while — then you can feast." 

Jess yawned and walked slowly to- 
ward the canvas surveying it critically 
with her eyes half-closed. 

"I. can't say that I like sitting for 
these trick things of yours. 1 hate this 
one. What are you trying to make of 
me anyhow? I look like a lunatic in 
a purple whirlwind — '" 

Alan laughed good-humoredly. 

"You don't think much of my work, 
do you, Jess?7' 

"No— I don't—" 



"But people buy it — they like the 
novelty of it — " 

"There are always people who run 
after freakish things — " 

"Oh, come now Jess — freakish. 
That's pretty stiff criticism." 

"Well, it's so. I heard some gentle- 
men say so yesterday in the gallery. 
They looked as if they knew. One — ■ 
the lengthy one with narrow eyes said 
very decisively, 'He only copies nature 
— he doesn't do any translating. Now, 
if he'd just live out of doors — take a 
part in the beauty himself and not be 
a mere looker-on, he could do some- 
thing worth while.' Then his lame 
friend said, 'Yes, you're right. He 
seems to be doing his pictures like fac 
tory-made articles. He has no back- 
ground except what's there — ' " 

"What on earth did he mean by that, 
do you think, Jess?" 

"If you don't know, I can't ex- 
plain — " 

Alan Sterne betrayed his apprecia- 
tion of the criticism by the inimitable 
mockery of his laughter. 

"You know," cried Jess fiercely, 
' ' you know — but you don 't care. That 's 
just it. It's exactly as the lengthy 
man said, 'He has caught the crazy 
public and he doesn't care, the young 
dog. A pretty mess he is making of 
tilings, to be sure. What would his 
father say, eh, McCall? What would 
our Penstone Sterne say?' " 

"So — it was Colonel McCall, was it? 
Dad's old comrade — and I gather by 
the suggestion of your voice — Judge 
Thurston with him. Where did you 
learn to mimic like that, Jess?" Alan 
twirled Ins palette uncomfortably. 
"What are they bothering themselves 
about my work for, anyhow? Well — 
what else did the Colonel answer?" 



THE MIDWESTERN 



Jess went on with a curiously imper- 
sonal air to tell what she had over- 
heard. 

"He answered quickly enough, I can 
tell you. 'He'd take the young rascal's 
paints away from him, that's what he'd 
do. "Why, think of the way he used to 
paint himself — there was no one like 
him — our Penstone Sterne. He wor- 
shiped his work — ' 'That he did,' said 
the other, 'and he knew what art is — 
the genuine article. No work like this 
for him. I used to tell him that he 
kept his ideal covered with gossamer. 
1 guess he did — nothing could touch it. 
He handed down his best — and look 
how this young fool of a son uses it!' 
I went away then for the gentleman 
got quite purple in the face and I 
thought he might be having some kind 
of a fit in a moment." 

Alan stood meditatively before his 
canvas. 

"Is that all they said?" he asked 
casually, after several silent moments. 

Jess turned away with a little swing. 

"I can't remember everything just 
now — there was something about tone 
and values and style — a lot of your art 
talk. Altogether, you didn't suit them, 
I could see that. Well, I'm ready now 
to get back into my pose. Next time, 
I hope you'll not have me gazing at 
what nobody knows. It makes my 
neck ache." 

"Don't complain, Jess. Remember, 
I've made you a name. This picture 
will probably bring you a new train 
of followers. Think of the military 
contingent which 'The Red Sash' 
brought! Your soldiers are still hang- 
ing on, I judge. I can always tell by 
your chameleon choice of words who is 
in running." 

Jess shrugged her shoulders and re- 
sumed her position without answering. 

Alan took up his brush slowly. 
"Hang it — I can't get back to it," he 
said half-angrily. 

Jess caught the rebuke and sulked 
in her hot draperies. 

Then the tension of the moment was 
broken by the arrival of studio guests 
not altogether unexpected. Miss Beat- 
rice Correa and her aunt, Mrs. Ludlum- 
Buswell, had come with frequent 
enough unexpectedness previously to 
lead Jess to look forward to a sudden 



rest — not always brief — at almost any 
time. 

"Just a moment/to see how the pic- 
ture is getting on," announced Miss 
Correa, emanating possession as she 
held out her lavender-gloved hand to 
Alan, who murmured courteous de- 
light. Her simplism of manner was so 
finished as to baffle even Jess, whom 
she included at once in a brightening 
glance. She moved quickly to the 
model's side to execute the usual half- 
playful rumpling of her loose bronze- 
stranded hair. 

Jess responded without enthusiasm to 
this caress which always made her feel 
like a helpless pet puppy. 

"Really — so nearly done?" cried 
Mrs. Ludlum-Buswell, rustling about 
the picture as she staccatoed the drow- 
sy air of the studio with her admiring 
remarks. "What a genius you are, to- 
be sure, my dead Alan! - Well, well — 
remarkable indeed — so original in con- 
ception. How you must have worked ! 
Hm — to be sure, Alan, we want you to 
dine with us tomorrow night. We have 
with us unexpectedly a literary lion 
the pater knew in Italy. You will come?' 
We shall need you — ■. Besides we are 
leaving town Saturday, you know. 
Everyone else has gone and it's replly 
getting very warm, but of course Be- 
atrice would linger on — . " This with 
a teasing glance at Miss Correa, who,, 
with delicate embarrassment, gave a 
quick uplift of her wide-opened eyes 
at Alan. 

With artistic discrimination Jess lis- 
tened appreciatively to Alan's graceful 
acceptance. - She was not surprised 
that the visit was a short one — she 
knew that it was only a question of 
minutes with Mrs. Ludlum-Buswell, 
how long she could refrain from wip- 
ing her face. 

Jess sniffed when the door in the 
next room clicked and Alan returned. 

"I guess they are some -of the rob- 
bers the Colonel talked about—" 

"Robbers? You didn't repeat any- 
thing about robbers — " 

"Well — he said your friends are rob- 
bing you of your gift. He said they 
aren't the kind to make you cherish 
an ideal even if you had it. He said 
they are all flesh-pot worshipers." 

"Indeed," returned Alan, unresent- 
ful as usual at his model's freedom of 



THE SACRED FIRE 



speech. "Much the Colonel knows 
about a type of girl like Beatrice Cor- 
rea." 

"Do you know what she makes me 
think of?" pursued Jess daringly; "the 
streets after the Mardi Gras — the fes- 
tival with confetti all crushed in the 
dust, the dirty tinsel, the withered 
flowers. There 's nothing of real skip- 
and-dance spirit of the festival about 
her. She is after-fete. She always 
makes me suspect she has a lariat hid- 
den in her laces." 

"Really, Jess, if I could ricochet epi- 
thets the way you do, I should have to 
pardon myself as I must pardon you 
for playing occasionally with words," 
Alan observed, dryly riddling Jess's 
little speech by a single bullet or re- 
proof. 

Jess subsided, but not resignedly, in- 
to the neck-brteaking attitude. The 
work went on in silence until Jess 
could stand it no longer. 

"It's so hot here, I can't breathe," 
she cried in real exhaustion. 

Alan looked at her tired eyes and 
put down his brush quickly with com- 
punction. 

"I'm sorry, Jess, I've kept you so 
long. I didn't realize — I think, you'd 
better have something to eat and drink 
after all, before we finish." 

Jess listened to the ice tinkle in her 
glass and sighed contentedly. 

"Heavenly! Now if we were just out 
in the country under a tree where there 
were no crawly things — " Jess lapsed 
into apparent visioning of outdoor 
charms. 

"The crops are doing well," she 
vouch-safed presently, taking a piece 
of ice out of her glass and slowly 
crunching it with beatific satisfaction. 

"Your mind seems to run on the 
country lately. That's the fifth time 
within two days you've spoken of the 
crops. Now what do you know about 
crops ? ' ' 

"Clarsy tells me." 

"Clarsy?" Alan's tone gave dual 
evidence of ignorance and interest. 

Jess was deliberate about enlighten- 
ing him. 

"Clarsy brings vegetables in to mar- 
ket," she said finally with a vibration 
in her voice which made Alan look at 
her curkmsly. 

What was it made the hard glitter 



of Jess's scornful worldliness and 
blase insouciance slip from her like 
magic ? An unmistakeable pristine 
aura suddenly illuminated her face. 
Alan stared in unbelief, then hastily 
checked the banter upon his lips. 

"Vegetables to market, eh?" he re- 
peated with Jess's own intonation 
which implied that bringing vegetables 
to market was no less a shining thing 
to do than bearing trophies of pink 
pearls from the West Indies. 

"Yes, and he tells me all about the 
country and his farm. He has some lit- 
tle lambs." 

"How did you come to know him — 
Clarsy?" 

Jess was lost a few moments in remi- 
niscent thought which Alan consider- 
ately left undisturbed. 

"I met him one morning very early, 
when the vegetable wagons first began 
to come in. Something hurried me out 
of bed that morning — the smell of 
spring in the air or something, and I 
went out for a walk before breakfast. 
Everything was pink with the sunrise. 
I wandered along just anywhere and 
the first thing I knew I was down by 
the market. It was pretty t r watch the 
fresh things being unloaded and I 
stopped. Then I saw Clarsy. He 
looked so clean and so young — with a 
sprig of bloom in his coat. He saw me 
at the same time and he got right down 
off his wagon and came to me. I don't 
remember what he said. We just found 
each other, that's all." 

Alan found his vocabulary singularly 
limited. When he spoke his voice was 
very gentle. 

"Are you going to marry Clarsy?" 

No sooner had he asked the question 
than he berated himself for the infelic- 
ity of it. There was a sudden silence, 
prescient of an emotional storm from 
Jess. Her eyes darkened and her brows 
came down. 

"I — marry Clarsy?" she cried with 
tragic stress of humiliation. "Who am 
I to think of that? It's not right for 
me to let it stay in my mind. It's not 
right for me to listen to Clarsy — I've 
told him I'm not like what he thinks — 
but be can't seem to believe me. He 
just believes in the part of me which 
could be good, maybe with half a 
chance — " Jess's expression grew bit- 



20 



THE MIDWESTERN 



ter and she threw up her arms with 
a gesture of hopeless abandonment. 

Alan was mute before her, yet the 
sense of his sympathy drew Jess on. 

"I didn't have a chance like you— 1 
had no Penstone Sterne for a father. 
What was handed down to me was 
nothing but dregs of things. My 
mother — I guess it was lucky for her 
she died when I was born. My father 
didn't want me — . Nobody wanted me 
— it's a wonder I'm not worse than I 
am. Clarsy says it all doesn't make 
any difference. He thinks if I will just 
marry him and let him take care of me 
everything will be all right. He says 
he will plant me a little flower garden 
and it will keep me from remember- 
ing — . Oh, if I only thought it would 
— I'm so afraid of the dark of things 
behind me. If I only thought I could 
be all he thinks I can be! But I can't 
— I can't — I know it's not in me — I'd 
only make him hate me — he is so good 
himself he can't understand — " 

Jess fell to rocking herself back and 
forth, sobbing brokenly and softly with 
little hopeless catches of her breath. 

"Come — come, Jess — you're over- 
wrought, ' ' cried Alan distractedly. ' ' I 
was a brute to keep you posed so long. 
Lie down a bit and rest. Don't think 
about yourself, Jess — just think about 
the rose-garden and go to sleep if you 
can. Then we can finish before the 
light goes. I'll work on something else 
now and be just as quiet as I can — " 

Without a word, Jess threw herself 
upon a couch and like a heart-broken 
child, sobbed herself to sleep. 

As Jess slept she dreamed. Out of 
the weaving of her dreams, there de- 
veloped gradually a definite picture. 
In the foreground stood a young wom- 
an — vaguely familiar yet strange to 
Jess. In her loose white draperies she 
might have belonged to any age — a 
figure full of divine impression, yet es- 
sentially human and full of warm life. 
She held an altar vessel in which 
burned a fire of unearthly radiance. 
Her gaze seemed to be resting upon 
the flame, yet holding in ambient vision 
something beyond. Jess read in her 
eyes expression behind expression. The 
light of a white purpose to keep the 
altar flame glowingly clear was blended 
with the shadow of a regret that it 



was not in her power to make it burn 
more brightly. Jess caught, too, the 
suggestion of anxiety born of her sensi- 
tive recognition of the forces which 
menaced the light. A certain sympa- 
thy and all comprehending tenderness 
illuminated her whole expression. 

Jess followed her glance beyond the 
altar vessel and saw the figure of a 
little child, shadowy, yet distinct in 
every outline. Its arms were out- 
stretched toward the light as if in an- 
ticipation of possession. Its whole body 
was vibrant with delight. The little 
face was uplifted in wonder at the 
quivering light of the mystic fire. 

In the background of the picture was 
a recessional of hovering, spirit-like 
forms, watching the light — guards 
whose guardianship of the fire had 
passed irrevocably into other hands. 
As she dreamed Jess understood her 
kinship to those ancestral spirits, and, 
suddenly, she recognized the vaguely 
familiar figure holding the fire — it was 
her glorified self. 

Bewildered, she awoke with a start, 
and looked about the empty studio. She 
heard Alan emptying his pipe in the 
next room and she arose, sharply call- 
ing his name. 

"Well — you've had quite a little nap 
— are you all right now?" he asked as 
he*.came out. 

If Jess heard him she did not answer 
him — held as she was by the spell of 
her unusual dream. 

"What did it mean?" she breathed, 
her eyes wide with mytery. 

"What are you talking about, Jess?" 
questioned Alan, wtih concern. "Do 
you want a cold towel for your head?" 
He placed a chair for her anxiously. 

"My dream — " cried Jess. "I've had 
a wonderful dream — not just an ordi- 
nary dream — it's something else — 
something I don't understand." 

With great relief Alan settled him- 
self to listen to the dream which Jess 
related with rapt memory. 

Before she had finished, Alan fell un- 
der the witchery of it and at the end 
he was as eager as Jess to spell out its 
meaning. 

"It must m.ean something," Jess re- 
peated over and over. "It must — but 
what? Do those people in my dream 
really belong to me? Was anyone be- 
fore me ever like that? Why some of 



THE SACRED FIRE 



21 



them were good — and lovely as could 
be — the ones way back. And myself — 
what made me look like that? It was 
like the picture Clarsy would paint of 
me if he could. The fire, too — what 
was that?" 

Alan mused interestedly. His mind, 
always quick to see symbolized mean- 
ings, soon evolved an explanation. 

"It might mean, Jess, the symbol of 
ideal effort — making the best of one's 
self and handing it down — the sacred 
fire of heritage." 

Jess, with her vivid imagination, 
caught the idea instantly. Her eyes 
grew luminous. 

"That's it!" she cried excitedly. 
"That's it — " then she paused abrupt- 
ly and went on in new questioning. 
"But the fire? It was so bright and it 
didn't come to me that way. It was 
almost out before it got to me — all but 
smothered — " 

"Perhaps the picture showed the fire 
as you can make it burn if you try," 
suggested Alan gently. 

Overwhelmed, Jess covered her face 
with her hands, then suddenly she 
lifted her head with the light of an in- 
spiration upon her face. 

"The fire wasn't quite put out when 
it was given to me, and I'm going to 
make it burn again until it's like the 
fire in the picture. I'm going to be as 
good, as lovely as I was in the picture. 
I — I am going to marry Clarsy. I'm 
going to be all he says — I can. I can — 
now I know I can — I'm not afraid — " 

Her voice rang out with thrilling tri- 
umph and Alan looked at her swell- 
bound. Jess, with her pitiful heritage, 
conquering like this — and he, who had 
so much — a great shame swept over 
him — he had been smothering his own 
radiant heritage! In that blinding mo- 



ment of revelation he understood some- 
thing of the sacrilege which men com- 
mit in carelessness and blindness. 

He turned quickly to his canvas. 

"Jess," he said slowly, "you make 
me ashamed — I've never done anything 
of the right sort with my own gift — 
I've made a travesty of it — " 

Then with deliberation he took a 
knife and slashed the picture into rib- 
bons. 

Jess stood scarcely breathing until 
the ruined canvas fell to the floor with 
a soft thud. Then she clapped her 
hands softly in delight. 

"Oh, I knew it was in you — I knew 
it!" 

She whirled about in childlike radi- 
ance of spirits. 

"Now, you must say 'hands off' to 
the robbers — " she went on gaily. "I'll 
ring for a messenger boy while you 
write your first note of regrets." 

Alan was not slow, in the pristine 
glow of his new-born strength, to re- 
spond to her mood, and the note to 
Mrs. Ludlum-Buswell was dispatched 
in haste. | Then, as soon as possible, 
Jess made a somewhat spectacular exit 
"to tell Clarsy," leaving Alan to think 
it over by himself. 

He listened to the faint clatter of 
Jess's heels down the stairs. 

"No sitting down for me," he con- 
cluded decisively, "or I'll never stay 
with it." 

He set grimly to work and tentative- 
ly nrimed a new canvas. 

Once or twice he looked over his 
shoulder at the riddled picture. 

"Bless Jess and her dream," he 
breathed. 

The work which grew under his swift 
eager brush, expressed a new magic- 
touched beauty. — Progression. 



CUBA AS A WINTER RESORT 



Irene A. Wright 



Photographs by American Photo Co. 



THE appealing charm of Cuha has 
perhaps never been expressed 
with more fascination and in- 
sistence than in the recently 
published volume, "Cuba," by Miss I. 
A. Wright. "I .wish," says Miss 
Wright, "that I might see Havana 
again in the light in which she ap- 
peared to me on the early winter 



alar, upon a hill) painted rose color in 
the morning light. Over all lay the 
most delicate, shifting, blue-gray mist, 
which made what our eyes beheld seem 
the more unreal. I felt that we had 
arrived in an enchanted land ; what- 
ever disillusionment T. have suffered 
since has not uprooted, nor ever can, 
the love for Havana born in me that 




^jT^ 




J. --=»<*< 



Morning at Havana's Harbor Month 



morning of OUT lirst arrival here. morning, at first sight. Three times I 
The sun had risen, and before us have bidden her 'farewell forever." 
lay a city such in aspect as I had Bach time, before I'd lost her well 
not supposed ever existed oil' the bark astern. 1 realized that I should return, 
curtain of a stage set for light opera. Arrived in the North, the bustle of 
It lay along B shore that seemed to busier streets than lifer's annoyed me; 
curve in a bow of graeious welcome. hriek and brownstone houses oppressed 
Its houses glistened with opaleseent me with their gloom. 1 missed her 
lints. We passed through the channel sky from above me — all others look 
close under MOITO (seated like I gray faded in comparison, for none wera 
and weary veteVan upon black rocks ever so blinding at noonday, so gaudy 
the sea has undermined), and beside a.1 sunset, so deep, so tender, so mar- 
Cabanas, with walls (long, low, irreg- velously blue at night. The very airs 



CUBA AS A WINTER RESORT 



r.i 




La India — Looking North Along Upper Prado 



thai blow through her avenues pene- The winter climate of Havana is all 

irate the marrow with her charm, and thai the most fastidious traveler could 

the palm trees of her suburbs, with 

feathery lops thai rustle in the wind, 

have haunted my dreams when [ have 

sought to return to the land where I 

was born, until longing for the light. 



desire. "Ordinarily the sun shines, 
intensely, with a brilliancy that blinds. 
From mid-October until late in April 
I he days follow each other like gold 
leads on a string, alternated with solid 



the eolor, the warmth of Havana, was silver nights — every twenty-four hours 
a pain mil longer to lie endured. Three a cycle of perfect summer weather." 
times have I come hack, like a tippler The most interesting feature of Ha- 
lo his drink, because I love her and I vans is its series of parks stretching 
cannot keep away." from Monte street to Malecon and Hie 




La Fuei .';i 



24 



THE MIDWESTERN 




Casus River — Isle of Pines 



8ea. La India is a diminutive pari'; a double row of laurel trees) leads to 

named for the statue of an Indian girl Central park-, and from there Prado 

of Grecian loveliness. "I was told by proper extends to the water front drive 

a tourist," says .Miss Wright, "thai of Malecon ,skirting the sea from the 

this girl is a likeness of Christopher Maestrauza of "the old city"' to Sail 

Columbus' wife; when 1 added that 1 La/.aro Inlet on its way to Vedado. 

supposed the neeklaee she wears is the Centra] park is the present pulsing: 

same Queeil Isabel pawned |o equip heart of Havana. ft i« a large rec- 

the Discoverer's Beet, the statue ac- tangle, paved with cement, around gar- 

quired an increased interest Cor him." den plots where ornamental shrubs 

Opposite [jB India is Cainpo Marte, and flowering plants flourish in Hie 

perhaps the handsomest pari in 11a- shade of the laurels and royal pon- 

viiiiii; IV these two parks Upper eianas. The statue of Marti stands in 

Prado (a double drive with a double the middle of the park. 

promenade down the center, shaded by Havana contains, of course, the 



CUHA AS A WINTER RESORT 



•i.-> 




In i lie Patio at Ilciiel Camaguey 



Presidential Palace where the Gov- crated" by the English in 17G2 is the 

cr '-General smote his desk at the Havana customs house now. La Fuerza 

ever-memorable explosion of the Maine on the Plaza De Armas is the oldest 

saying, "This is the saddest day Spain habitable building in the western hemi- 

ever saw." Across the Plaza from the sphere and stood guard over tin- city 

Palace is the Templete, an odd chapel- before Cabanas or Morro or Punto 

like building marking the site where, wen- even thoughl (if. 
in l"l!'. the lirsi town council was Added to these material points of 

held, and the lirsi mass snug. The interest the spell exerted by the island 

present building was erected in 1S2S is aptly described by the writer; "The 

and contains three nil paintings, the truest points id' interest in and anninil 

work id' Escobar. The Cathedral id' Havana are, indeed those which can 
age stained stone, is particularly inter- no1 he Foretold, nor found twice alike, 
esting from the fad that it once con- since they are, perhaps, only the blue 
tained the bones of Christopher Colum- ut' ,-i jeep shadow there, across a white 
lms. The old Dominion Convent, pavement; a detail id' a balcony's con- 
founded in 1578, is DOW used as a ware- si ruction, in a certain light ; the pink 
house, The Franciscan Convenl "dese- id' a girl's apron; the laugh of a choco- 



THE MIDWESTERN 




A Typical View in the Isle of Pines 



late-brown naked baby, grasping 
through window liars at a passing 
stranger's clothes; in short, a thousand 
sights and sounds, trivial in them- 
selves, yet cherished strangely in mem- 
ory, by those few winter visitors 
('dneks of Florida' is our colloquial 
Spanish for tourists )who, as they wing 



their flight from spot to spot at a 
guide's mandate, have an eye to see, an 
ear to hear." 

The Cuba railroad completed in 1902 
has made possible a trip from Havana 
to Santiago in twenty-four hours, 
whereas, in 1900, the only alternative 
to days of loitering along the way was 




San luan Hill 



CUBA AS A WINTER RESORT 



27 



to go from Havana to New York and 
thence to Santiago ! 

Santiago De Cuba must be of primal 
interest to the tourist from the fact 
that it has borne such a large share 
in the history of the island, both as to 
conquest and exploration. Its outward 
appearance possesses something "ex- 
otic," due to especially daring combi- 
nations in color. "One narrow street 
will contain sea-green and mauve 
houses, royal purple and indigo houses 
trimmed in lavender, pink, yellow, 
orange, scarlet, with red-tiled roofs and 
glassless windows in sky-blue frames. 
Despite this riot in color Santiago is a 
practical and busy town." San Juan 
Hill is within easy walking distance 
from the end of one of the street car 
lines. En route, is passed the "Peace 
Tree." The handsomest school build- 
ing in Cuba stands on the road leading 
down from San Juan Hill. 

Round about Santiago are many 
beautiful drives. The most delightful 
is that to Boniato Summit, officially 
known as the Santiago-San Luis high- 
way, but locally as "Wood's Polly," 
because, as we are told, "it cost a mint 
of money, and led, to all appearance 
then, nowhere in particular." The al- 
titude of the summit is 1526 feet, and 
the ascent should be made in an auto- 
mobile. 

"The view over Santiago is beauti- 
ful," says Miss Wright, "to right and 
left are the towering mountains of the 
Sierra Maestra : at sunset and sunrise 
the light shows widest variations in 



blues and greens and shading gold 
along their ridges and in their deep- 
cut valleys. Below are the parti-col- 
ored villas of Santiago's suburbs, just 
beyond is the city itself, its harbor, 
and, deep blue in the far distance, the 
sea." 

The tourist should not be content un- 
til he has visited the Isle of Pines, 
reached by steamers which ply between 
Batabano and its ports; so shallow is 
the channel here that the sands are 
stirred in passing. This island pos- 
sesses the most salubrious climate and 
fever, plague and the other ills which 
have taken possession of Cuba, have 
passed it by. The average temperature 
for the year 1907-1908 was 78.95 de- 
grees. The air is balsamic with the res- 
inous fragrance of piny woods. 

There are, of course, many other in- 
teresting towns and cities on the Island 
of Cuba : San Diego, especially pleas- 
ing to foreigners with its sulphur 
springs and its record of distinguished 
visitors; Cienfuegos, fortunate in ho- 
tels, with one of the largest and most 
inviting plazas in Cuba, containing also 
the Terry theater built at a cost of 
over $100,000; Cienfuegos Bay, con- 
ceded to be the handsomest harbor in 
the new world ; Santa Clara, the heart 
of the suerar district ; quaint and Pic- 
turesque Camaguey; and Pinar del Rio, 
the center of the tobacco district. 

There is enough variety and pictur- 
esqueness to tempt the most seasoned 
traveler in this charming, ever-chang- 
ign island. 

—Courtesy of The MacMillan Co. 








Monarch of an Iowa Forest 



THE RESURRECTION OF THE DUMP BOY 



Orra Johnston 



ALL day he sat there on the fur 
rug in the little tent that was 
his home. All day his eyes had 
searched the articles in the tent 
and the passing river through the open 
tent flap for an answer. This was his 
day off and he arose late from his bed 
of leaves and army blankets in the 
corner, then the blow fell. It struck 
him when he opened the last edition 
he had bought. She was going to Lon- 
don to train for a suffragette lecturer, 
the goddess he worshipped. And he 
had felt that somehow, some time he 
could climb to her. She edited the 
suffrage column in the daily newspaper 
where he was one of the dump boys. 

He did the work of three men, for 
he was strong. He worked for prac- 
tice. He was going to be a lawyer and 
an orator, and the stronger his body 
was the stronger would be his mind, 
she said so, and he knew it. He ran a 
mile every day to the street car and he 
carried heavy piles of proof paper and 
would snatch up the wagons of "pigs" 
and carry them as if they were feath- 
ers. He had learned stenography at 
the night school to use when he got to 
be a lawyer and this evening every 
week he went to her little office room 
and took her leading Sunday editorial 
in shorthand for practice. She had 
said to him the day before that she 
could not be at the office tonight to 
dictate. Now he knew. He had heard 
her make a speech once, her black eyes 
like sloes and her hair like night and 
face glowing like that of an angel. She 
would be world-famed and have for- 
gotten him long before he took the first 
step on his visual ladder to the judge- 
ship. 

' ' Curse the — Mother of God, what are 
the suffragettes?" He had neglected 
politics and had not learned what he 
might from her dictation, he had only 
heard her voice as his hand mechanical- 
ly 1 raced the characters. He only knew 
their mission was the emancipation of 
the world through the power of wom- 



an's vote, but how it was an improve- 
ment over the evolution through the 
family idea he couldn't see. 

"I can't live and not hear her voice, 
not breathe her presence, I can't live 
if she goes out from my life, I will" — 
he sprang up toward the river. Then 
he slowly sank sobbing to the ground, 
and the torrent came. He ground his 
face into the earth and clutched it with 
his hands. As the sobs died away he 
prayed "Christ died to save the world; 
I must serve her, I can't live, kill me 
for her cause, for her glory, Oh, God, 
I am not afraid." 

Down the well beaten path came 
Bennie, the remaining portion of the 
family. It was almost night, but Ben- 
nie could see as well as in daylight, for 
he could not see at all. Two years be- 
fore a premature explosion of gunpow- 
der on the Fourth had burned away his 
sight. He was cook and housekeeper 
for his brother Charles before the ac- 
cident and he was yet. Before it he 
almost lived -out of doors and he did 
so yet. They tented in the summer 
months and lived in an attic in the 
winter. He remembered the paths and 
had scores and marks on the trees all 
through the woods to guide him. He 
was very happy with his wild pets and 
his dog that followed closely at his 
heels and he had only one ambition, to 
play the piano. He had a piano once, 
but that was "before." 

Every morning after their frugal 
breakfast of flapjacks and bacon (or 
biscuits and maple syrup — for Bennie 
was a tine cook although only twelve 
years old) they would look at the pic- 
tures, as Bennie called it. Charles 
would tell him what he had seen 
through the day and read the interest- 
ing things from the paper or magazines 
or tell him of the moving pictures or 
the show the boss had given him a 
ticket for, and Bennie would lie on his 
back on the big fur robe or throw him- 
self on his stomach on one of the 1\v> 



30 



THE MIDWESTERN 



cushions they had, with ,his elbows 
propped on the other, and see it with 
his blind eyes. 

Tonight he came down the path like 
a deer. He was slight and lithe as a 
panther, his features were fine like a 
graven image and every movement was 
quick and graceful. 

"Oh, thou sublime sweet evening 
star," he sang in a clear, girlish so- 
prano, seeing in memory the great de 

Reszke — "guard her from " he 

stopped, another picture was before 
him. This time it was an oratorio and 
the opera house had given place to the 
great cathedral. "It is enough," the 
young voice wailed, "0, Lord, now take 
away my life — I am not better than 
my fathers ; now let me die. ' ' The voice 
trailed off into silence as he entered 
the tent. No word from Charles. "He 
is here," and Bennie listened. He 
stepped to Charles' side, stooped a lit- 
tle and stroked his face and the spaniel 
sniffed at it reassuringly. "Tired, 
brother, he practiced on the bars 
pretty long. I will be quiet." 

Things went on as before, but Ben- 
nie felt the change in his brother. 
Charles didn't run any more, he didn't 
read so many pictures to Bennie and 
the color had gone out of them, they 
were dull and drab. The longing for 
the piano was growing at a tremendous 
rate. 

On one of his days off Charles took 
him to the composing room where he 
worked and led him around among 
the clicking machines, whirring wheels 
and throbbing presses that sang won- 
derful symphonies in staccatoes, mar- 
catoes and all the rest to Bennie. 

During the lunch time a compositor 
girl, Jessie Grant, showed Bennie how 
the linotype machines worked and held 
his fingers over the keys while he print- 
ed his name. She had a piano, she 
told him, and had two tickets to hear 
Gabrowski, the great virtuoso, that 
night. Bennie 's heart cried for one of 
those tickets. While she was showing 
Bennie the machine a young lady rush- 
ed in from another room, "Oh, Jess, 
mamma's ill and I cannot go tonight, 
you can get someone else, I am so 
sorry!" Jessie read the blind face and 
she looked out of the window at the 
beauty of the pink in the evening sky. 



"Bennie, if your brother will let 
you, I want you to go with .me to the 
concert. I will ask him." 

She had not been working for the 
paper long and Charles avoided women 
as much as possible since he had died 
through "her," but he could not re- 
fuse so sweet and real a- little woman. 
And that night for the first .time since 
he had died he went to the athletic 
club and threw all comers. 

One day Jessie came and asked 
Charles if Bennie might not play on 
her piano occasionally, she hadn't time 
and it wasn't good for it never to be 
used. 

A little heaven opened up to Bennie, 
but try as he might he couldn't find 
out how to play the things Gabrowski 
played as Gabrowski played them. 

His ambition to play the piano now 
took definite shapj in the form of 
$2,000. He talked to musicians and 
figured and had Charles read all the 
conservatory catalogues he could get 
and had played for one maestro, and 
that was the smallest amount with 
which he could find out how to play 
as Gabrowski played. 

Charles attended the athletic club 
regularly now and had appeared sev- 
eral times in the preliminaries before 
great wrestling matches and was run- 
ning the mile every morning and car- 
rying great weights again. The wrest- 
ler who was the club's trainer always 
wrestled with Charles for practice be- 
fore his public matches. 

One night Charles wakened Bennie 
when he raced to the tent from the owl 
car terminus. 

"Ben, Ben, listen, Lloyd twisted his 
knee tonight and the match with the 
Russian is next week and I am going- 
to take his place — Do you under- 
stand?" with a shake. "If he don't 
throw me in forty-five minutes I win 
$3,000— $2,000 for the music." 

"Can you, brother — you can — I — I 
see him down. I will keep on seeing- 
him down — I will! — Oh, brother!" and 
Bennie gave him an awful hug. 

The night of the great match Bennie' 
was to stay at Jessie's boarding place 
until it was over. Jessie would have- 
gone with him, but had to work, but 
would reach home before it was over. 

Bennie could not play the piano that. 



THE RESURRECTION OF THE DUMP BOY 



31 



night. The good man and his wife 
where Jessie stayed, sat in the little 
parlor with him, the man reading and 
his wife knitting and Bennie sat in 
the corner. When he heard Jessie com- 
ing he met her at the hall door. 

"0, Jessie, I — I can see it all, and 
the Russian is terrible rough. But 
Charles will not fall, he said he would 
not. I can hear them pant." 

She put a hand on his shoulder and 
led him back without a word. 

After the man and his wife said 
good night and left the room, Jessie 
asked : 

"Bennie, can you see it or do you 
just imagine?" 

"I see — he's almost got Charles 
on his shoulder! Pray, Jessie, quick," 
and Bennie threw up his arms. 

He stood so for a moment. "It's 
over," he said, clasping his hands on 
his breast. 

"It isn't time for it to be over yet, 
I don't think," said Jessie. 

"It is over," reiterated Bennie, non- 
chalantly, "I saw Charles crunch under 
him and throw him clear over his head 



— we'll have to wait," and he sat back 
in the corner of the room again and 
turned white. 

In a few moments Charles came. One 
glance and Jessie knew. 

"Brother, you ?" asked Bennie. 

"Yes," he got no further. Bennie 
clasped his face in his two hands. One 
hand crept down to his neck and ca- 
ressed it, he hugged the curving arms, 
wrists and hands to his breast. "0, 
Charles, I saw it all. I saw you throw 
him, and I only thought you' might 
keep up the time. Charles I prayed, 
like mamma used to do, that you might 
be strong." 

Charles, ashamed of Bennie 's effu- 
siveness, looked into Jessie's eyes, and 
a sudden trembling seized the strong 
man. 

"You?" Charles asked her. 

"I prayed that he might be weak." 

And it seemed to Charles as if some 
delicious sweetness grasped his heart 
and swept around him in wheeling cir- 
cles of power that came from her and 
that lifted him up and whispered, 
"Stay there!" 



DON'T 



Don't you say that it can't be done, 
Don't you say that it can't be won. 
Don't you join with cranks that shrink 
From life's demand that we toil and 
think, 
Don't you stumble at can't, but keep 
On, right on, to the golden step. 

Don't you doubt as the rest have done, 
Don't you dream that it can't be won. 
Don't you stop when you ought to try, 
Don't give up if you have to die, 
Don't you be with the can't brigade, 
Shy, untrusting, and half afraid. 

The thing that is right to do is done, 
The goal that is right to win is won. 
Don't say that the thing is too great, 
Don't you pause as if afraid of fate. 



Don't you be like the lost who sing 
There is no way you can do the thing. 

Don't belong to the fellows fine, 
Who wait all day in the weary line. 
Don't you echo the thought they hold— 
This "can't be done" is a lie they've 
been told. 
Don't you follow a lead like that, 
But show your spirit and doff your 
hat. 

Don't you stop at a thing half way, 
With only this on your lips to say. 
Don't you dream that it can't be done, 
Don't you fear that it can't be won. 
The farthest goal and the brightest 

peak 
Are yours if you trust as you sing 
and seek. — Baltimore Sun. 



THE PARIS SALON 



An Observer's Point of View 



TO a young artist, the Paris salon 
is the center of the world. In 
it center all of his hopes; from 
it emanate all his enthusiasm. 
If his picture is approved and allowed 
to hang on one of the walls of this 
enormous building, in no matter how 
inconspicuous a place, his fame has 
been won and his way assured, and he 
who wins the medal of honor has made 
his fortune. 

The salon itself is a work of art. It 
looks large from the outside, but one 
has no idea of its proportions until he 
is inside. He enters first into a large 
hallway, where are hung two or three 
large canvases; these cover the walls 
and fill the room with their presence. 
This is but an entrance hall into the 
arena — an enormous room opening up 
to the roof, which is glassed in, and 
has floors covered with sand and foun- 
tains playing on every hand. This 
room is full of statuary, the most ex- 
quisite pieces one can imagine, of 
every style and subject, Some but half 
cut from the stone ; others cut and chis- 
elled and highly polished, one setting 
for a fountain; another group of chil- 
dren at play; a maiden, half -formed, 
really only suggested in the cutting her 
hair turning into running and falling 
water; lovers, both old and young, 
tragedy as written on the faces of the 
hungry, bereaved, or forsaken. Every 
subject and fancy under the sun has 
been used and used successfully. There 
is no hurry, no sound in this room ex 
cept the gentle murmur of the water, 
and low voices. One is as it were alone, 
with the speaking thoughts of many 
men. 

But the moment one leaves this room 
and goes into the side rooms opening 
off it, which form the picture gallery, 
he is surrounded by a noisy, excited, 
chattering, gesticulating crowd. Each 
one admires enthusiastically, or angrily 
finds fault, not only picking the picture 
to pieces, but blaming the judges who 
dared to admit such a picture to the 



walls of their beloved salon. Go from 
room to room, and there are hundreds 
of rooms, one finds always the same 
crowd; the same buzz, and pictures 
which are both good and bad. 

Unfortunately even in such an en- 
ormous building the wall space is so 
limited that the pictures cannot be 
hung to the best advantage ; they are 
hung one above another, and every 
available bit of space is occupied. At 
first one is so bewildered by the number 
of pictures he has scarce the thought 
to pick out those which please him 
most. 

In Mrs. Humphrey Ward's "David 
Grieg" we read of him on his first visit 
to the salon, "* * * he had the vague, 
distracting impression of a new world 
— of nude horrors and barbarities of 
all sorts — of things licentious or cruel, 
which yet, apparently, were all of as 
much value in the artist's eye, and to 
be discussed with as much calm or 
eagerness, as their neighbors. One mo- 
ment he loathed what he saw, and 
threw himself upon his companion with 
the half-coherent protests of an Eng- 
lish idealism, of which she scarcely un- 
derstood a word, the next he lost him- 
self in some landscape which had torn 
the very heart out of an exquisite mood 
of nature, or in some scene of peasant 
life — so true and living that the scents 
of the fields and the cries of animals 
were once more about him and he lived 
his childhood over again. 

"Perhaps the main idea which the 
experience left with him was one of a 
goading and intoxicating freedom. His 
country lay in the background of his 
mind as the symbol of all dull conven- 
tion and respectability. He was in the 
land of intelligence, where nothing is 
prejudged, and all experiments are 
open." 

This feeling is but a part of all Paris. 
The very atmosphere is intoxicating, 
one is carried off his feet by the feeling 
of lightness which seems to permeate 
all. Care falls away and all are happy, 



THE PARIS SALON 



33 



careless children again. <)n every hand 
i-i color, <m every face a smile, and on 
every lip a laugh, a jeat, or a light 
word. All in all, as it were, living 
upon tin' froth of the sea, but listen 
to the light-hearted crowd murmuring 
vaguely. Ami listening one becomes 
ever more and mure conscious of a 
strong under-current of both thoughl 
and feeling, sorrow is hidden by a 
laugh, cleverness concealed or reveal- 
ed by an idle jest. Yet one is constant- 
ly conscious that both lie under the 
surface. That there are those who are 
imt carried away by the light frivolity 
which is so much in evidence. 

Ami so this feeling grows upon one 
more ami more in the salon, living and 
moving among the pictures and those 
who have created them. At first glance 
all is a mad eon fusion of eolor. All 
noise and impatience. Hut as one looks 
deeper into this picture and that, it 
".rows upon him : and what was shape- 
less, incoherent, takes both shape and 
form and gradually the hidden beauty 
of the whole grows upon him. The 
colors which at lirst seemed too bold 
and vigorous, take en more delicate 
shades- and a picture which at first 
repells often comes to attrad more and 
more because the French artist has a 
peculiar way id' hiding what is best in 

his picture from the careless gazer. 

"I.e Salon" is the distinctive title 
given to an exhibition of paintings, 
sculptures and engravings in the Pal- 
ais de r Industrie, Paris, May 1 to June 
22 of each year, This is the old ency- 
clopedia definition. The exhibition is 
no longer in the Palais do 1' Industrie. 
but in an enormous new building, al- 
ready roughly described, on the 
Champs Blysees. \ll work's admitted 
must pass the critical examination of 
a jury of experts elected by the votes 

id' 1h moot ill';' artists themselves. 

Those who have won medals, decora- 



tions or the prix de Rome — the last is 
most valuable as it gives the young 
student three years for study in Rome 
at the expense of Hie government — at 
prior exhibitions need not submit to 
this preliminary ordeal. These prizes 
are eagerly competed for. No one can 
know the excitement, the anxiety, the 
heart-burnings, the half-jealousies — 
yet all are bound together in a "grand 
camaraderie." 

"The Salon" was the forerunner of 
similar exhibitions in London and else 
where. The Academy in London is 
very much smaller, duller and more re- 
spectable. In Paris all admire fear- 
lessly. In London one always finds a 
crowd, but a quiet respectable crowd 
which neither dares to admire or dis- 
prove until he knows which is the 
proper thing to do. Here there are al- 
ways a few pictures which stand out 
pre-eminently lirst. In the salon there 
are hundreds enthusiastically admired. 

The tab' is told that one picture ap- 
peared on the walls id' the salon this 
last year, unsigned. It was wierd and 
interesting; a confusion of form and 
color. It was ardently admired and 
ruthlessly criticised. There was much 
animated discussion as to the probable 
author. It was finally discovered to 
have been Ihe mad prank of half a 
dozen well-known artists who had tied 
a brush to a donkey's tail, dipped it in 
many colors, and so the donkey cre- 
ated the picture as he switched his tail 
idly to and fro across the canvas. 

What t rut li t here is in I his I do not 
know, but it does in a measure show 
that the salon is not today what it has 
been in the past — the greatest of all 
modern art exhibitions and the most 
difficult to eel into. Nor will it be until 
Paris gets back all of her old charm 
; rd I eclaims her place as t he art cen- 
ter of the world. 

Gladys "ail Bechtel. 








FRANK ARMSTRONG 
President of Slate Ad Men's Club 



Se. 



W. M. ELDRED 

retarv State Ad Men's 



Club 



IMPORTANT CONSOLIDATION 



Former President of Des Moines Admen's Club Joins Advertising Age 
McDonald Advertising Service and Des Moines Division of 
Mitchell Advertising Agency Consolidate. 



. 



On January first in Saint Paul, the 
home office of the Mitchell Advertising 
Agency, a consolidation of the .McDon- 
ald Advertising Service and the Des 
Moines Division of the Mitchell Adver- 
tising Agency was consummated. 

This marks a new era in advertising 
iii Des Moines. The Mitchell agency 
is recognized by all publications, and 
is one of the foremosl agencies of the 
middle west. The new firm will be in 
a position to handle every kind of ad- 
vertising rendering complete advertis- 
ing service, whether national, local, or 
special mail work. 

The business will be conducted by 
R, McDonald and W. M. Eldred 
under the inline of the Mitchell Ad\ er 
tisini;' agency, from their offices 322-323 
Klynn building. Both Mr. McDonald 



and Mr. Eldred have been prominently 
identified with the work of the Des 
.Moines Admen's Club during the past 
year. Mr. McDonald as President, and 
Mr. Eldred as Secretary-Treasurer, and 
it was through this close association in 
this work that this consolidation was 
brought about. Mr. Eldred was re- 
elected as Secretary for another year. 

The consolidation brings to Des 
Moines for the first time, a complete 
advertising service in all its branches. 
The local retail service which has been 
conducted iii Des Moines by Mr. Mc- 
Donald Tor the past three years, and 
the complete agency service which the 
Mitchell Advertising Agency offers 
embraces every phase of the business 

The Mitchell Agency is the large 
agency in the West, maintaing four n 



^ 



IMPORTANT CONSOLIDATION 



35 



fices in the leading centers, namely, St. 
Paul, Minneapolis, Des Moines and Du- 
luth. They are recognized by all pub- 
lications, a distinction that can be 
claimed by no other Iowa agency. 

The Des Moines division of the 
Mitchell Advertising Agency was es- 
tablished two years ago, with "W. M. 
Bldred in charge. Mr. Eldred has de- 
voted his entire time to general adver- 
tisers. 

Through his efforts, the agency has 
demonstrated the unique and thorough 
services that it gives its advertising 
clients, through its Division Office. 

It is entirely unnecessary to make a 
point of the fact that real sales experi- 
ence and a complete knowledge of all 
vital situations in retail merchandising 
is invaluable to the advertising man 
who expects to make his success in 
marketing of manufactured products. 



0. R. McDonald has been in the ad- 
vertising field for the past fifteen years, 
and has a wealth of experience m mar- 
keting goods from the retailers' stand- 
point. 

There is probably no man in the Mid- 
dle "West who has a more accurate 
knowledge of the conditions that exist 
in this territory and the buying power 
as well as the inclinations of the peo- 
ple. He was the father of the State 
Publicity Bureau Idea and has given 
the matter such deep study that he is 
today the best informed man on the 
needs of Iowa and her people. This 
information that he has acquired is 
now placed at the disposal of the 
clients of the Mitchell Agency. 

His successes in Des Moines in a re- 
tail way, speak for themselves. The ac- 
counts that have been guided by him 
are among the most successful in the 
country. 



HAVE YOU TRIED IT? 

It is to be supposed that you have 
done so — eaten at the Boston Lunch, 
the most popular luncheon place in 
Des Moines. There the food is right 
and the prices are right. Everything 
is beautifully clean. You wait on your- 
self and there are no delays. You can 
get the merest lunch or a full meal. 
Their coffee is the best in town. After 
trying one cup you are lured back 
again next day, and in this lies the 
great success of the Boston Lunch. 
Things are so good that every time you 
are hungry you are involuntarily led 
to this popular place. The bread, cakes 
and pastry are home made, like your 
mother used to make. If you haven't 
tried it, be sure and do so soon. Don't 
miss a good thing just because you can. 



DEMAND GREATER THAN SUPPLY 

Five years ago Des Moines people 
were unfamiliar with the term pasteur- 
ized as applied to milk but now there 
is no excuse for a resident of the city 
not understanding perfectly the mean- 
ing of the term. For through the pro- 
gressiveness of the Iowa Dairy Co. the 
term has grown to be a household 
word. This up-to-date company be- 
gan some years ago the process of 



pasteurizing their entire product, thus 
eliminating all possibility of dirt or of 
disease germs in their milk and cream. 
Des Moines people showed their appre- 
ciation of this good work by using the 
Iowa Dairy milk almost to the exclu- 
sion of all other milk and today the de- 
mand for their product is greater than 
their supply. One source of the good 
health prevalent in Des Moines may be 
found in the milk product of the Iowa 
Dairy Co. They certainly deserve 
their splendid success. 



JUST BEING HAPPY 

Just keeping happy 

Is a fine thing to do, 
Looking on the bright side 

Rather than the blue. 
Sad or sunny musing 

Is largely to the choosing, 
And just being happy 

Is brave work and true. 

Just being happy 

Helps other souls along; 
Their burdens may be heavy, 

And they not strong; 
And your own sky will lighten. 

If other skies you brighten 
By just being happy 

With a heart full of song. 



THE IOWA SUFFRAGISTS AND 
THEIR WORK 




MRS. HARRIET 1!. EVANS of Cry,],,,, 

President of the [owa Equal Suffrage Association. Mrs. Evans' speed, 

before the Senate Committee was one of the finest 

ever presented on the subject 

SHALL THL VOTERS DECIDE? 



Any piece of driftwood can float with 

the current, bul it takes a live fish to 
swim ii|) stream. 

There are thousands of men today 
who, with hosts of their fellow soldiers 
ahont fchem, could march up to the can- 
non's month amid the blare of trum- 
pets and the roll of drums. Vet these 
same men in the piping times of peace, 
would shrink with trembling knees to 
stand forth alone to defend a principle 
which would bring upon them even the 
slight ridicule of their fellows. 

For men nowadays do not stone the 
prophets, they laugh at them. 



The question of submitting a Consti- 
tutional amendment for woman suf- 
frage to the voters of the state that 
they may he allowed the chance to de- 
clare whether their mothers, wives, sis- 
ters and daughters may lie privileged 
to vote, is no new problem in Iowa. No 
intelligent legislator can claim that he 
has not thought about it. It lias heeii 
a question to he voted upon iii the leg- 
islature of tin' state for the last forty 
years. 

During this time there have heen 
many stalwarts who have kept their 
heeds bravely up the stream, while the 



SHALL THE VOTERS DECIDE? 



37 



majority have floated side-wise with 
the current. 

Is this to continue? 

Years ago, United States Senator 
Lapham declared that the pigeon holes 
of the Capitol at Washington were 
crammed with petitions for woman 
suffrage, more than for any other cause 
that had ever come before the United 
States Congress. 

In no case do bills for national or 
state constitutional amendments ask 
for woman suffrage. They only ask 
that senators and representatives per- 
mit the rank and file of the voters of 
the country to express their opinion 
upon this question at the ballot box. 
But in all the discussions in congress, 
and the state legislatures, it is a rare 
event when an opponent of the meas- 
ure will speak upon that point ; but he 
immediately plunges into the merits of 
the question, and decides for his con- 
stituents that in their innocence and ig- 
norance they shall not be allowed to 
endanger society, or rather the safety 
of the "political machine," by permit- 
ting them to vote upon the measure. 

In this year of grace, 1911, the suf- 
fragists of Iowa will not bombard the 
legislature with yards of petitions. 
They have labored long in 
"Dropping buckets into empty wells, 
And growing old in drawing nothing 
up." 

Their indignation is too deep. They 
have tramped too long the highways 
and byways of our wide state, gather- 
ing the names of men and women, only 
to see their work ignored by the legis- 
lature, to be willing to close this first 
decade of the century with such unap- 
preciated effort. 

Rut they have planned to make their 
claims felt at this session as sure as 
fate. 

To apply arguments to a class of 
men intelligent enough to be members 
of the legislature, would seem like tak- 
ing kindergarten methods to the sen- 
iors in college. No man can speak 
against the submission of the amend- 
ment, or against woman suffrage itself 
without finding himself arguing against 
democracy pure and simple. To de- 
clare that a voice in the government is 
the right of all and then to denounce 
it for a part, is to renounce even the 
appearance of principle. 



Every man who is not stupid beyond 
measure knows that every injustice is 
a boomerang ; and that for every wrong 
done to women he lias borne the penal- 
ty in the stunted growth of his own 
soul. It may yet develop that the ef- 
fort to keep things fixed is fearfully 
anarchistic. Facts as to the results of 
woman suffrage in the states that have 
tried it from ten to forty years, may 
be had by him who cares to read them. 

But are men alone to blame for the 
unjust discrimination in political privi- 
leges? By no means. We are all the 
sons and daughters of subjected 
mothers. Fight the declaration as we 
may, let it ruffle our pride as it will, 
yet is a solemn truth that we are all 
the children of the bondwoman. As all 
through the generations, down among 
the nerve cells and fibers, the mole- 
cules have been counting every dere- 
liction or weakness ; so in the mental 
as well as the physical, man has been 
bequeathing to his child the thought- 
habits of the barbarian, and woman 
has been bequeathing to the child the 
thought-habits of the slave. 

Man has ever believed that the gov- 
erning power was his, and that he 
should keep it. Woman has ever been 
encouraged to believe that to be gov- 
erned was her divinely appointed 
sphere, and to wish it otherwise was; 
unwomanly. 

The sexes are two halves of an un- 
developed whole. But times are chang- 
iug. When the fight begins within our- 
selves, then men and women are worth 
something. We are conscious that we 
are today but at the cock-crowing of a 
nobler civilization. 

Ruskin says: "Very few men really 
mean to do wrong — in a deep sense' 
none — they only don't know what they 
are about." And Channing says that, 
"The greatest obstacle to human prog- 
ress is the stupidity of good people." 

We are in a measure confident that 
the fine looking body of good men now 
convened under the golden dome in 
whom the blood of the revolutionary 
fathers has flowed to the higher arches 
of their brains, will not be content to 
walk in the grooves set for them by 
dead men, with the sheep-like quality 
of men of the recent past. 

— Mary J. Coggeshall. 



38 



niE MIDWESTERN 



THE VICTORY IN CALIFORNIA 



In California the constitutional 
amendment to give full suffrage to 
women passed the senate by a vote of 
33 to 5, and the assembly 65 to 6. 

The woman suffrage amendment was 
submitted in California in 1K!I6. It 
carried the state outside of the cities 
of San Francisco and Oakland whose 
adverse majority was large enough to 
overcome the favorable majority by the 
rest of the state. During the years of 
hard work since then every political 
party has adopted a plank declaring 
for submission of the question to the 
voters, the last one being the republi- 
can party. 

Governor Johnson declared that, so 
far as it depended upon him. the party 
pledge should be kept, and the result 



of the faithful work and self-sacrifice 
is an overwhelming and inspiring ma- 
jority. 

The judiciary committee, consisting 
of twenty lawyers, granted a public 
hearing in the senate chamber. The 
Sacramento Bee says: "At no time this 
year has the senate chamber been pack- 
ed as it was last night. Every seat find 
foot of standing room was occupied, 
while the balcony was packed.'' 

The main speaker for the bill was 
Mrs. Shelley Tolhurst, who for thirty 
minutes faced the legislature, piling 
fact upon fact and finally summing up 
her case in argument that swept every- 
thing before it. It was a great night 
for the advocates of equal suffrage. 




MRS. B. F. CAKKOI.L 
President of the Legislative Ladies' League 



LADIES OF THE LEGISLATURE 



Dcs Moines is always alive to the 
honor of entertaining the legislative 
crowd, which assemhles here every two 
years, and the presenl season has al- 
ready proved an exceptionally pleasant 
one. Naturally, the big hotels are the 
scenes for mos1 of the social festivities, 
as many of the legislators and their 
wives stop at them, although a number 
have taken Furnished houses for the 
season. Mr. and Mrs. W. L. Brown of 
the Chamberlain entertain every Sat- 



urday evening during the entire ses- 
sion, at military euchre, each time in- 
cluding some of their city friends to 
meet the out of town crowd. Also dur- 
ing February Mrs. Brown has held a 
series of delight fid Monday afternoon 
teas, which have been largely attended. 
At the Savery Mrs. George M. Chris- 
tian and daughter and Mrs. Howard 
Iledrick, have been at home on Thurs- 
day afternoons, assisted by their hotel 
guests and friends in the city. 



LEGISLATIVE LADIES' LEAGUE 



During the present session of the Leg- 
islature a new feature has been intro- 
duced among the visiting wives of mem- 
bers, which has been conducive both to 
pleasure and profit for its members, the 
Legislative Ladies' League. (J n 1 y 
wives of members ot the legislature are 



eligible, and the efficient president is 
Mrs. Carroll. They meet each week, 
for a definite purpose of visit to some 
place of interest, for conversation and 
for mutual helpfulness in various direc- 
tions. The League has proved one of 
the most popular of innovations. 





MRS. |. \v. BOWM \N 
Second Vice President 



MRS. PAUL Sill. I.MAN 

Corresponding Secretary 





MRS. FRED II. HUNTER 
Recording Secretary 



MRS. JOHN IIAMMILL 
Treasurer 




MRS. GEORGE Q >SS< >N 

First Vice l'i L'si.k-iii 



MRS. CHARLES GA IKS 
Reporter 



WOMEN THE WORLD AROUND 



Women are not neglecting mechani- 
cal pursuits — pursuits ordinarily la- 
beled in the minds of the majority "For 
Men Only." A petite young miss of 
New York, whose name is Miss Natalie 
White, and who has light brown hair 
and the grayest kind of gray eyes, de- 
cided that she wanted to become a 
chauffeur. With her to desire was to 
act, so she applied for a license and 
was granted it, thus getting the first 
auto driver's license ever given to a 
woman in New York state. Miss White 
needed money to support an invalid 
mother, and since she loved machinery 
and the open air, what was mort. nat- 
ural than that she should do just what 
she did. 



Mrs. Albert Clifford Barney of Wash- 
ington, D. C, whose name was brought 
into prominence by the newspaper ac- 
counts of the statue which was left on 
her lawn because it was too large to be 
taken into the house, has one of the 
most peculiar houses in the country. It 
is called the "Studio House," on Sheri- 
dan Circle. 

Mrs. Barney was her own architect 
and contractor, and every detail of the 
house, even to the door knobs, has been 
wrought out under her supervision. 
She even helped to make the interior 
decorations, wearing the painter's 
blouse and doing much of the painting 
herself. 

She had collected in various parts of 
the world a large number of antiques 
before she built the house, and then 
when Studio House was built its con- 
struction was carried on with an eye to 
the placing of these curios. 

There are no beds in this house, but 
in their place wooden couches are used, 
and strange to say there is not a single 
closet in the whole house. 



of feeding carrots to the horses. One 
day she wrote a note to the fire com- 
missioners asking if she might bring 
some carrots to the horses and belong 
to the fire company and have a badge. 
The request was granted and little Miss 
Gladys visits the engine house daily, 
feeding the horses carrots, apples and 
sugar. 



English dispatches state that in the 
ancient borough of Sudbury, in Suf- 
folk, the few remaining hand-loom 
weavers are hard at work making the 
velvet for the coronation robes. Among 
the number are the Misses Foakes, 
members of a family of weavers who in 
days past were makers of bunting for 
the royal navy. In their cottage, which 
was once visited by Queen Victoria, 
are two hand-looms on which are two 
lengths of beautiful velvet, one rich 
crimson in color and the other dark 
brown, intended for Queen Mary. 

The weavers are seated when at 
their looms, their feet working pedals 
resembling those of an organ. There 
are two sets of threads, the visible one 
forming the back of the material and 
the other the pile, each of these being 
delicately threaded through vertical 
threads known as the harness. The 
weaver passes the shuttle backward 
and forward and each warrj and woof 
is pressed home by a swinging wooden 
frame. A cutter which runs across the 
loom on a wire cuts the threads to 
make the pile. The process of manu- 
facture is slow and tedious. The time 
is occupied not so much in the weaving 
as in the cleaning. At each foot or so 
made the weaver uses a curious knife 
like a spokeshave and shaves the sur- 
face of the velvet to clean it. There 
are now not more than 30 hand-loom 
weavers left in Sudbury, the Misses 
Foakes being among the number. 



Little Miss Gladys Freeman, a 9- Miss Ida Tarbell, famous writer has 

year old New York girl, moved to the begun a campaign against woman's 

city not long ago and missed the privi- suffrage on the plea that woman must 

lege which had been hers on the farm succeed or fall by her indirect influ 



42 



MIDWESTERN 



ence. Those who have read Miss Tar- 
hell's "straight from the shoulder 
knocks" will wonder what she means 
by indirect influence or if t'-M very 
talented woman is preaching what she 
has failed to practice, for certainly 
Miss Tarbell can not be accused of us- 
ing indirect influence. 



There is a woman in Richmond, N. 
Y., who is a helpless invalid, confined 
to her bed by a case of incurable in- 
flammatory rheumatism which renders 
her unable even to use her hands, but 
who nevertheless represents two or 
three large dry goods houses and is 
agent for one of the large New York 
perfumery firms. She has her samples 
spread on her bed and her customers 
choose from the stock. While she can 
not perform the actual labor of mak- 
ing out orders, her mind is keen and 
she directs the selling of the goods 
herself. 



Miss Constance Restarick, daughter 
of the late Episcopal Bishop of Hono- 
lulu, is making the journey from Hono- 
lulu to Boston to marry the sweetheart 
of her childhood, Paul Livingston, who 
is the graduate manager of Harvard 
university athletics. She i> an athlete 
herself and holds two championships. 
She is the best tennis player and best 
oarswoman in the Hawaiian Islands. 



The New York Women's League for 
Animals is going to Wild a hospital 
for animals which need medical atten- 
tion and which belong to families that 
are too poor to care for them. Last 
summer this league gave fly nets for 
the horses owned by poor men. It put 
up a shelter in which stray animals 
were cared for and established a free 
clinic for the care of horses, dogs and 
cats. During the year it treated 510 
horses, 100 birds and many cats and 
dogs. 



The mayors of the various cities of 
Georgia appointed delegates to the 
state conference of the Mothers' Cor., 
gress in Atlanta, Ga. This is certainly 
a compliment to the mothers when the 



state officials realize that the Mothers' 
Congress is one of the most powerful 
factors among the women's commis- 
sions of the day working for the wel- 
fare of the home. 

The Mothers' Congress has for years 
called attention to the fact that the 
welfare of the child is one of the most 
vital problems before the American 
people, and these women under the 
leadership of their national president, 
Mrs. Frederick Schoff, have ignored no 
question which affects the child. In- 
deed, with them, all roads center in 
the home and the welfare of its in- 
mates. They are working for model 
homes, model schools and model condi- 
tions in each community for the de- 
velopment of the American child. 

It is a compliment to the wisdom of 
the mayors of all the larger towns in 
Georgia that they appointed women to 
represent their municipalities in the 
Mothers' Congress. Some of the towns 
have but one delegate, while others 
have six or seven. The mothers con- 
vene not simply to discuss matters per- 
taining to the welfare of their own 
children, but to determine upon ways 
of helping all the children of all the 
mothers who are trying to solve the 
family problem. 



The women of Jackson, Miss., are to 
have a "travelers' aid" stationed at 
the Union depot. The position has 
been given to Miss Bllene Ransome, 
whose work will be to look after the 
comfort and happiness of women who 
are traveling. 



A number of San Francisco club wo- 
men have organized a society for the 
prevention of blindness. They have ap- 
pointed a chairman and hope that their 
organization will result in a national 
movement similar to that which is now 
fighting against tuberculosis and which 
will prevent the blindness caused by 
unsanitary conditions. At the organi- 
zation meeting an address was made 
by Dr. Samuel Elliott, one of the trus- 
tees of the Russell Sage Foundation 
Fund. In his address Dr. Elliott stated 
that the statistics in one of the leading 
hospitals in New York proved that 33 



WOMEN THE WORLD AROUXD 



43 



1-3 per cent of the cases of blindness 
recorded there in the last ten years 
might have been prevented by proper 
treatment of the child at birth. He 
also stated that New York, Massachus- 
etts, Ohio and Maryland have statutes 
providing for the prevention of blind- 
ness and that Mrs. Sage intends to 
assist the work in these states with ap- 
propriations. Attention was also called 
to the fact that poor lighting in school 
rooms, the use of the common towel in 
schools, restaurants and public places 
are evils which cause blindness. 



Springs W. C. T. U. has 350 active 
members and is the largest in the state. 



The members of the Women's Chris- 
tian Temperance Union of Denver, 
Colo., gave their annual legislative 
breakfast last week, and 125 guests 
were present. Mrs. Sarah Piatt Deck- 
er responded to a toast condemning the 
Ladies' Home Journal for its attack on 
woman's suffrage and Colorado women, 
and the request that women drop that 
journal from their list of magazines 
was loudly cheered, so it is stated by 
the Union Signal. The Colorado 



The W. C. T. U. of Acworth, Ga., 
caused the removal of all whiskey 
signs from the billboards, buildings and 
fences. The mayor of that city gave 
them permission to do this and imme- 
diately the women, armed with sticks, 
scrapers and brooms, removed the 
signs. They went to work with the 
spirit of the crusaders who, a good 
many years ago, filed out of that little 
church at Hillsboro, Ohio, singing, 
"Give to the winds thy fears." A very 
significant incident in the Acworth 
campaign was that the day after the 
women had removed the whisky signs 
a theatrical play came to town and ad- 
vertised its performances on the bill 
boards. Strange to say the name of 
this play was The Sins of the Fathers, 
and a good many of the Acworth peo- 
ple smiled audibly when they saw the 
advertisement of the favorite brand of 
whisky replaced by the big glaring 
letters, "The Sins of the Fathers." 



ON FALLING IN LOVE 



There's something the matter with me 

And I guess it's a girl. 
I met her last evening, and Gee ! 

But my head's in a whirl. 
My heart acts peculiar as well, 

For it thumps as it goes, 
And as near as I'm able to tell 

It is love, I suppose. 

It wasn't so much what she said 

— Just the usual line. 
But somehow it went to my head 

Like a bottle of wine. 



Perhaps I said something to her 

But the Lord only knows 
What happened is simply a blur — 

And it's love, I suppose. 

I'm ten different kinds of a fool, 

But my foolishness grows, 
I try but I cannot keep cool, 

It is love, 1 suppose. 
My folly is easy to see 

But my brain's in a whirl, 
There's something the matter with me 

And I know it 's a girl. 
— Berton Braley in Pacific Monthly. 




DR. M. L. BARTLETT 



DR. M. L. BARTLETT'S SECOND 

GREATER PES MOINES 

MUSIC FESTIVAL 



The Midwestern desires in this issue 
to call particular attention to the great 
feast of music which Dr. Bartlett has 
prepared with a lavish hand for the 
instruction and delectation of the citi- 
zens of Des Moines and Iowa. 

With faith, hope and courage, Dr. 
Bartlett has given the greater portion 
of his time and strength the past year 
in preparation for this great undertak- 
ing which will, no doubt, prove to he 
an epoch making event. In all the hi-- 
tmv of music in the west, there has 
never been given wesl of Chicago and 
only upon .■' few occasions even there — 
three concert? in succession with such 
an srrav of the world's great artists 

an will he §een and beard at this fes- 



tival to be given at the Coliseum, April 
3-4, 1911. 

What an organization, and what a 
list of artists! The Minneapolis Sym- 
phony orchestra, under the masterful 
direction of Emit Ohcrhoffer, would in 
itself make such an occasion great. The/ 
world's famous Italian tenor, Signor 
Alcssandro Bonci, of international 
fame, positively the most beautiful and 
perfect singer in all the world today. 

Jeanne Gerville-Reache, the great 

French prima donna contralto, whose 
art and voice has charmed thousands 
upon thousands in the leading opera 
houses of I'aris, London, St. Peters- 
burg, New York. Boston and Philadel- 
phia, and whose more recent appeal-- 



SECOND GREAT 



DES MOINES MUSIC FESTIVAL 



4:> 



ancea on the Pacific coasl has been a 
conitanl ovation. Marcus Kellerman, 
the eminenl German basso, "A giant 
in stature with a six foot voice," and a 
great artist. Lucille Tewksbury, who 
has within the past year stepped up 
into first place among America's con- 
cert sopranos, and one whom Des 
Moines delights to honor. Genevieve 
Wheat-Baal, OUT own popular contral- 
to. Richard Czerwonky, the solo vio- 
linist par excellence, and Carlo Fischer, 
the violincellist who has pleased local 
concert goers on several occasions. 
Ileiv then, will he served a musical dish 
fit for the gods, and will satisfy the 
most fastidious of music appetites. The 
most surprising thing about it all. is 



tiie extremely low prices, which in just 
One-third the price charged elsewhere 
for SUch a COUrse of concerts. Iii.it Dr. 
Bartletl has always desired to bring 
the masses under the inspiring infill 
enees of great musical personalities and 
great music, ami at a price that all can 
afford to pay. The seating capacity of 
the Coliseum now makes this possible. 

The programme cannot be excelled in 
this or any other country. Dr. Bartlett 
has dene well his part, and now it be- 
comes the duty and privilege for every 
loyal citizen of Des Moines to do their 
part by attending the three concerts, 
and to write to their friends through- 
out the state calling their attention to 
this festival of music. 



MUSIC IN DES MOINES 

Musicus 

Tin 1 Greater Des Moines .Music Pes- out the city and the surrounding towns 

tival. which is now come 1n the stature within the radius of a hundred miles, 

of an "annual event," is scheduled to With the great impetus resulting IV m 

take place in the Coliseum on April 3-4, the splendid success of last yea's 

Naturally if is becoming the all-absorb- spring festival, this coming feast id' 

ing topic of general interesl through- good music is forging itself ahead by 





CHARLES HARGRE \\ ES 



It CILLE STEVENSON 1EWKSBURY 



4(i 



THE MIDWESTERN 




SIGNOR B0NC1 

leaps and bounds most gratifying to 

all who would see it succeed artistically 
and financially. 

Every city that experiences the mad 
hurry and unnatural tension in com- 
mercial affairs for twelve months of 
the year, can well afford to set aside 
two days of time wherein all may have 
an opportunity to relax and at the 
same time to cultivate their sense of 
appreciation of art a little more keenly. 

With the large number of excellent 





GENEVIEVE WIIKA I BAAL 



JEANNE GERVILLE-REACHE 

concerts to he heard here during the 
year, culminating in this great music 
festival, there is ample opportunity for 
this city to arrive at a much better 
state of musical appreciation and de- 
sire than now exists. It is evident that 
many of those at the helm, to guide the 
musical amateurs of our city, are not 
possessessed of this stimulative faculty; 
otherwise there would lie a more gen- 
eral and genuine response to the pa- 
tronage of local concerts. 

The appearance of Signor Bonci, 
alone, is sufficient stamp of the high 
class attractions which Dr. Bartlett has 
provided for the coming festival. Peo- 
ple who really know what is genuine in 
musical art, would make a journey of 
a hundred miles ami more before they 
would miss the song recital which he 
will give on t he night of April 3rd, It 
will he interesting to note his reception 
at the hands of local concert goers. 

Then in the personality of Qerville- 
Reache we may IV >1 ourselves under tha 

spell of one of the greatest musical 
stars now in the linn; ml. 'Phis dis- 



MUSK' IX DES M( >I.\KS 



47 




EMtL OBERHl IFFER 



tinguished French contralto has com- 
pelled the entire force of music critics 
throughout the country to how in rec- 
ognition of her unqualified success dur- 
ing her tour in America. 

The Minneapolis Symphony Orches- 
tra is always a distinct pleasure in the 
well-balanced and magnificently ren- 
dered programs, while the quartette of 
accompanying soloists — Lucille Steven- 
son-Tewkshcrry, soprano; Genevieve 
Wheat-Baal, contralto; Charles Har- 
greaves, tenor, and Marcus Kcllcrman. 
basB-baritone — will insure a number of 
delightful solo ami ensemble numbers 
with orchestra. The prices of admis- 
sion to the entire series of concerts 

have I n placed at a most reasonable 

figure and already the subscription list 
is numbering into the four figures, Dos 
Moines is only awaiting her second op- 
porl unity to " make g I " in I he sup- 
porting of this great festival of good 
music. 



Frank Olic Thompson, director of 
the piano department in Dos Moines 



Musical College, was heard in his an- 
nual recital al the First Baptist church, 
Monday night, January .'JO. The pro- 
gram was for the most part new to lo- 
cal audiences and embraces some of 
the huge things in piano literature. In 
this respect, Mr. Thompson may al- 
ways be depended upon to entertain his 
hearers with less hackneyed pieces of 

the pianist's repertoire. Tin 1 :-" are 

probably dozens of piano teachers in 

this city who have never heard the 
Mendelssohn "Prelude, Fugue and 
Choral," nor the great "Wanderer 
Pantaaie" of Schubert, nor even the 
lovely Chopin "Variations." Yet not 
One of these "dozens" was seen at the 

concert. Naturally, one does not ex- 

pecl In heal' these young pianists give 
astounding interpretations to these gi- 
gantic works; nevertheless, it is a line 

thing to acquaint ono's-solf with the 
best piano literature M played hv our 
local artists and incidentally fasten 

their characteristic moods in mind for 

future audit ions. 

Mr. Thompson is very pedagogic in 
his playing revealing, tmmiatakeably, 



48 



THE MIDWESTERN 



his years of tutelage under the well- 
known piano pedagogue of Berlin, Pro- 
fessor Barth. His interpretations of 
the so-called "classics" are distinguish- 
ed by clean pedaling, well-proportioned 
dynamics, a perhaps over-serious ad- 
herence to rythmic regularity, coupled 
with a fine understanding of the com- 
mon interpretative laws of accent and 
shading. 

Two novelties were offered on the 
program, viz The Basso Ostinato of 
Arensky and the Serenade of Rach- 
maninoff. The latter would have been 
more effective if given with a daintier, 
more piquant touch ; the former was 
most interestingly played. 

In the Lizt "Campanella" and 
"Fourteenth Rhapsody," which con- 
cluded the program, the young pianists' 
technical resources, as well as his sub- 
tlety in rhytms, were taxed to the full ; 
however, he stood the test well and 
proved his right to be classed among 
the really intellectual teacher-pianists 
of the middle west. 



Mme. Olga Samaroff, the distinguish- 
ed pianist, appeared at Drake, Feb. 10, 
as the fifth attraction in concert for 
the year. Mme. Samaroff is a native 
of Texas, and with Helen Lewyn of 
the same state, is succeeding in calling 
attention to the fact that American lo- 
calities producing worthy young ar- 
tists are not confined to the "musical" 
East. 

As a student, this gifted country- 
woman was under the tutelage of her 
aunt and later placed herself with 
Ernest Hutch eson, that splendid pian- 
ist now on the music faculty of the 
Peabody Institute. Upon going abroad, 
she entered the Paris Conservatoire 
and did some extensive study with Wi- 
dor. It will be noticed that the Ger- 
man schooling is lacking in her train- 
ing; it is likewise lacking in her play- 
ing. There have been few women with 
a finer set of ten fingers than Mme. 
Samaroff, and to this profound digital 
dexterity, more than any other requi- 
site, is due her brilliant pianistic 
achievements. Her interpretations lack 
many little consistencies of the real ar- 
tist, yet so forcefully is her bravura 
playing held in the foreground as to 



electrify her hearers and cause them 
temporarily to overlook interpretative 
detail. 

In the fascinating concert study by 
Paul Juon (Nymphs and Satyrs) as in 
the Wagner-Hutcheson "Ride of the 
Valkyries" Mme. Samaroff was superb. 
Her absolute self-assurance soon has its 
effect upon her audience, and this in 
itself makes an evening with her de- 
lightful since there is no fear of a slip 
of memory or otherwise embarrassing 
moment. She was most gracious in her 
response to insistent recalls of the au- 
dience and generally established her- 
self in great favor with all who heard 
her. 

It would be interesting to hear this, 
brilliant artist with orchestra since 
that is unquestionably her forte as a 
pianist. 



George Frederick Ogden contributes 
the following account of Fay Cord's re- 
cent song recital at the Coliseum : 

"It is not unusual to hear of the dis- 
covery of some new protege ; every 
teacher finds one at some time or thinks 
he does. Many have been 'discovered' 
in Des Moines, but have experienced 
only a mushroom popularity. A few 
have 'made good' and during recent 
years all interest has been centered in 
Fay Cord, who is truly 'making good' 
in her art. As all know, Miss Cord is 
a protege of Dean Frederick Howard, 
who, until his decease, was actively en- 
gaged in furthering the cause of mu- 
sical art in whatsoever part of the coun- 
try he was identified professionally. 
In the East, in the Middle West, and 
in the West. Dean Howard was well 
known among musicians and as a nat- 
ural outcome, Miss Cord has command- 
ed the attention of hundreds of the 
dean's admirers as her legacy, aside 
from the bounteous benevolence ar- 
ranged for her during his lifetime. 

"Fay Cord has ever been endowed 
with an unusually beautiful voice; she 
has it yet, and in addition, a highly 
finished style of singing, and a charm- 
ing stage presence. She is a splendid 
talent, although she is not a genius; 
these words are very frequently, 
though very wrongly, used as synony- 
mous. The world has sem few genius- 



MUSIC IN DES MOINES 



4!) 



-■Hi »* «. 
^> i 


\ 


V -V 4 1 


m 

jt % ■ 




CARLO FISCHER 



RICHARD CZERWONKY 



es among its army of highly talented 
young artists. 

"Dps Moines people and the many 
others who have taken a deep interest 
in the development of this young wom- 
an, disappoint themselves and their 
friends at the outset by imagining for 
one minute thai any young singer with 
Pay Cord's promise (or even greater) 
could become a Melba, a Schumann- 

Ileink ra Semhrieli with the greatest 
opportunities for study the world ran 
afford. Geniuses are horn and not 

made. 

"And how many singers of today and 

other days have sueeeeded well by de- 
veloping fully their capabilities and 
yel never reaching many points of com- 
parison to the truly greal (as the world 
terms them | . 

"There is a standard to be attained 
by Pay Cord much below thai of these 
women 'of the very elect' and yet one 
that will folly justify her in the 
achievements expected to follow such 
privileges as have been hers. 

"This Des Moines young woman has 
not for one moment invited comparison 
with the mature lingers. <>n the con- 
trary she has dene much to avoid it. 

With the very admirable qualifications 

she possesses as all exquisite song-re 



eitalist. she has essayed to leave the 
Held of opera for other explorers and 
endeavor to perfect herself in this 
much more difficult role. 

"The more successful women of our 
country who have previously followed 
Miss Cord's present determinations are 
Corinne Rider-Kelsey, Christine Miller, 
Lilla Armond, Lucille Tewksbury, and 
others who are certainly a credit to 
the music profession of this country, 
as well as a source of local pride to the 
cities, which launched them upon their 
artistic careers. 

"Unlike these loyal Americans who 

received the greater pari of their train- 
ing in this country, Miss Cord was edu- 
cated abroad, save for the few years 

she spent in Des Moines under Dean 
Howard's tutelage. Her training has 
been of the besl available sources; in 

fact, there are few greater teachers in 

the world than are represented in Miss 
Cord's list of instructors — .Mine. Col- 
onne and -lean de Kes/.ke of Paris. Al- 
exander lleineman id' Berlin and Paolo 
Tost i of London. 

"Now just what ilid her recent re- 
cital display to justify the work of 

these renowned artist-teachers 1 
"The voice itself is God-given, and 

one must travel far to hear a more 



50 



THE MIDWESTERN 



beautifully sympathetic organ. The 
singing of her local recital revealed a 
flexibility in voice together with a 
beautiful scale, which training might 
easily be the result of Mme. Colonne's 
influence. To her might also be at- 
tributed the variety of color which 
Miss Cord displayed, vocally, yet with 
a personal knowledge of her tuition 
under the guidance of Heinemann one is 
compelled to credit the German school 
with this latter. The personality of 
this young artist will undoubtedly add 
much to her success; unfortunately in 
her Des Moines recital the environ- 
ments were not conducive to a happy 
display of personality. Few singers 
could have stemmed the tide, however, 
better than Miss Cord. 

"The youth of this young woman 
(she is not yet a mature woman physi- 
cally) precludes a very striking inter- 
pretation of serious songs. Cultivation 
of her emotional nature will be more 
impressive as she gains in experience; 
her diction will also improve. 

"If Pay Cord is properly advised 
during the next few years and rightly 
follows such advice along intellectual, 
imaginative, emotional and dramatical- 
ly expressive lines, she will without any 
doubt, take her place among the very 
best concert singers of our country. Des 
Moines people have a right to expect 
splendid things of her, but let us not 
forget that we are liable to lay our- 
selves prone to censure from the very 
fact that we have not sought to justify 
our expectations of Fay Cord by first 
discriminating between talent and 
genius. ' ' 



The many local friends of John Nich- 
ols, now a distinguished New York 
tenor, will regret to learn that he has 
been compelled to cancel two months 
of concert work during the spring on 
account of physical inability to pursue 
it 



The George Frederick Ogden Piano 
Studios are featuring during the re- 
maining months of this school year, a 
course in normal training for those who 
are teaching or preparing to teach mu- 
sic. Out of Mr. Oerden's successful ex- 
perience as a teacher, together with his 



exhaustive study along these lines, he 
has prepared a course of fifteen lec- 
tures which are given at weekly inter- 
vals and demonstrated by himself and 
assistant teachers. These lectures are 
available by anyone desiring to ad- 
vance himself as a teacher, whether 
private pupils in Mr. Ogden 's studios 
or not. 

Among the topics selected as being 
of especial concern to teachers are 
technic, interpretation, pedaling, mem- 
orizing, the first lesson at the piano, 
etc. The enrollment is already large. 



Prof. Henri Ruifrok has recently 
published some additional compositions 
for piano, which are pronounced very 
interesting by those in authority. Prof. 
Ruifrok manages to find some time for 
original work along this line even 
though very busy with his school of 
music duties. 



Daniel Bonus, director of the Mid- 
western Conservatory, is the most re- 
cent of our local musicians to exploit 
himself in the field of composition, hav- 
ing set to music the words of a poem 
by Mrs. F. Wolcott Webster. 



Mrs. Charles Hardy, the only "hon- 
orary" member of the splendid Fort- 
nightly Musical club in this city, au- 
peared in a benefit recital for the club 
on Tuesday, Feb. 21, at Hoyt Sherman 
Place. 

Mrs. Hardy's recitals are always an 
event interestedly awaited by her many 
local friends. Her playing is always 
musieianly, technically well achieved 
and invested with tonal charm which 
so many pianists fail to display. 

Her program, while conventionally 
constructed, revealed many numbers of 
interest. 

Pes Moines has never had a more 
ardent advocate of good music than 
Mrs. Hardy and certainly not one of 
more generous spirit towards her pro- 
fession. Her presence has been noted 
at practically all good concerts whether 
by local or foreign artists. "Profes- 
sional courtesy" should have insured 



MUSIC IN DES MOINES 



51 



for her a splendid hearing on the part 
of local musicians. The program fol- 
lows: 

Fantasia, C Minor Mozart 

Faschingsshwank Aus Wien 

Schumann 

Allegro, 
Romanze, 
Scherzino, 
Intermezzo. 

Nocturne, F Sharp Major Chopin 

Prelude, C Major Chopin 

Impromptu, 6 Flat Chopin 

Nocturne Grieg 

Prelude, G Minor Chopin 

Rhapsody, F Sharp Minor. .Dohnanyi 

Traumerei Strauss 

Au-ruisseau, Etude Schutt 

Rhapsody, No. 8 Liszt 



company as a compliment to their pa- 
trons and friends and incidentally to 
display the merits of the Baldwin pi- 
anos. The concerts are arranged by 
Samuel B. Garton, formerly of this city. 



Mrs. Grace Jones-Jackson will give a 
song recital at Norton, Kans., during 
next month. Mrs. Jackson is director 
of the music at the Unitarian church 
and a busy teacher at Drake. 



In a recent recital given in Portland, 
Oregon, Harry Van Dyke, a former 
pupil of Prof. Ruifrok was featured 
on the program as a composer-pianist. 



Mr. Ralph Lawton was one of the 
soloists at the Baldwin concert series 
in Chicago, Sunday afternoon, Feb. 
19th. These concerts are given weekly 
in the warerooms of the Baldwin Piano 



Ferruccio Busoni, the great piano 
virtuoso who was heard in this city 
last year, will play a return engage- 
ment at Foster's opera house on March 
6th. 



DAY DREAMS 



Last night they fluttered by me as I sat 

in the gathering gloom; 
"With a golden thread I was weaving a 

song in a silver loom. 

A-weaving the ghost of an echo of a 

rare and lovely strain 
As glad as a child's soft laughter, as 

sad as a cry of pain. 

They followed my gorgeous fancy — my 

bark that idly goes 
From a land that no man seeth to a 

land that no man knows. 

My busy fingers faltered as they hov- 
ered above my head 

And the wheel of my loom did slacken 
— I had broken my golden thread. 



Then my soul leaped up to hold them, 
my dreams so mild and sweet, 

And the golden song unraveled and the 
thread lay at my feet. 

Each day I strive to weave it, this song 

that my soul would sing, 
But I break my loom and tangle my 

thread and the torsions cling. 

If they would but stay and teach me, 
if my dreams I could only hold, 

I would weave in my loom of silver a 
beautiful song of gold. 

But I strive in vain. They follow where 
the bark of my fancy goes 

From a land that no man seeth to a 
land that no man knows. 

— Anna Tozier. 




HMBMI^BMBMBBIMBM 



e 

o 



o 



Are You Going to the Show? 

I want all the Des Moines readers of The Midwestern to attend 
the Automobile Show in the Coliseum March 7-11. The first show held 
in March last year, was wonderfully attractive, but this one will be ten 
times more so, and will be one of our annual events worth while. People 
all over Iowa and from more distant points will be here, and Des Moines 
people should all see it. 

* * » # 

The automobile business is doing wonders for Iowa, in furthering the 
good roads movement as nothing else has ever done. It is also creating 
a sense of our own value as a commonwealth in bringing the people of 
the state into closer touch, and a new appreciation of the people of the 
state has thus been engendered. 



At the show, you meet the men who are heading this great business. 
They are a royal lot of fellows in Des Moines, always courteous, always 
ready to push a good cause along. There are almost no pessimists. 
This is a business which a "grouch" cannot handle. It's in the very 
nature of an automobile man to be bighearted, joyous tempered and gen- 
erous. Also, they are enthusiasts, all of them. So go to the show and 
meet them. They are worth meeting. 



An interesting feature of the show will be the motorcycle depart- 
ments. Des Moines has several agencies and the motorcycle is growing 
rapidly in popularity. 

* * * * 

Let us all show an appreciation of the benefits derived from the 
automobile business in Iowa by helping to make the second annual show 



^4 a tren 



a tremendous success. 

l Ol 



Carolyn M. Ogilvie 







View of the Coliseum, where the Automobile Show of 1!H1 will be held 



GOOD SUGGESTIONS TO FOLLOW 
ON THE ROAD 

Kail Enrens 

Pass any moving vehicle going in the pass a standing trolley car without slowing 

same direction on the left. Even if there up or stopping entirely; also be sure to 

is room on the right pass to the left. give warning. 

In turning into another street do not Do not run away in case of collision or 

cross from right to left without looking accident. 

back. If another vehicle is following, hold Do not attempt to pass a vehicle going 

up the hand. in the same direction when about to turn 

Always give proper warning before pass- a corn: r or curve. Some one may he com- 
ing any moving vehicle going in the same ingg from the other direction. Better wait 
direction, Do the same for anj vehicle until the view is clear. 

that is standing still but facing in the di- Always keep to the right and sound the 

rection you are going. horn whether the view is obstructed or not 

Give ample warning by sounding horn when about to turn a corner 01 curve. 

before crossing intersecting roads. It is if you arc following another fast raov- 

al o wise to slow down. It is not wis" ing vehicle in a cloud of dusl be extremely 

to -low down quickl) or stop without loo 1 ;- cautious, as a vehicle ina\ be coming to 

ing hack and giving warning it another wauls you. 

vehicle is following, It is unwise to leave your car on an in- 

li obliged to pass to the left ot ,1 trolley cline, even with the brake, on, unless the 

car, whether it be standing or in motion. front wheels arc turned to the curb. You 

be sure the view is unobstructed and do not can never tell who m; \ release the brakes. 



54 



THE MIDWESTERN 

















THE HOME OF THE DES 
MOINES AUTO CLUB 






Ss JOHN GIBSON 
i President Keystone Automobile and Supply Co. 






' 1 HE merging of the Iowa Auto Club and 
Hyperion Club into an organization under 
the name of Hyperion Field and Motor Club, 
Sept. 7th last, was an event of unusual import- 
ance and significance in our city — a "Qr eater 
Des Moines" achievement. 

The Auto Club now has a club house, con- 
ceded to be one of the finest in the middle west, 
located about ten miles north of the city, on one 
of the most commanding hills in the county, 
surrounded by about one hundred acres of 
beautiful ground devoted to golf, tennis and 
other field sports. The club and county author- 
ities are now engaged in building a fine road to 
the Club and within a short time the road will 
be in shape for auto travel every day in the 
year. 

The merger means a whole lot to auto 
owners, a dandy place to entertain our guests 
and the backing of about four hundred live 
wires to father motor events. This is the most 
powerful organization in the west devoted to 
such a wide variety of sports. 












FOHN II. GIBSON 



OtO by Webster 



Former President of the I» 
1 1 vperion Field 



\va Auto Club, Chairman of the Motor Coiumitlee i>i tlie 
and Motor Club ami President of the Keystone 
Auto i!v Supply Company 



56 



HIE MIDWESTERN 




Hyperion Field and Motor Club House 




Touring Car, $1,250.00 
Torpedo. $1 350.00 



Pony Tonneau. $1,300.00 Coupe. $1,350 00 

Roadster. $1,000.00 Torpedo Roadster. $1,200.00 



One car is as good as another while both are new. 

But a car of value must be on the job today, next month 

and next year. This is the reason The Hudson is 

taking the lead. Hudson Cars are built for service and 

we guarantee the service. 

See our Cars at the Des Moines Auto Show. March 7 to 11. inclusive 

Moyer Automobile Co. 

1118-1120 Locust Street 



Please Mention "The Midwestern" in Answering Ads. We Would Appreciate It. 



THE MIDWESTERN 



57 





AUGUST E, GRONAU 
Vice President Keystone Auto & Supply Co. 



JOHN B. GIBSON 
Treasurer Keystone Auto iV Supply Co. 



















^^^^^^^^ 




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3SS 






























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Interior oi ueni quarters ol the Kevstone Auto & Suppli (J 



58 



THE MIDWESTERN 







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VERB REYNOLDS 

Secretary Keystone Auto & Supply Co. 



W. I!. JEFFREY 

of the I >es Moines Vulcanizing Cc 
for the Regal Automobi 



Also agent 



SUGGESTIONS 



If you have been drinking alcoholic bev- 
erages, better not drive a car while under 
their influence. It comes pretty near being 
a criminal act. 

It you meet another vehicle in trouble, 
help if you can. Some day you may need 
it. 

Blowing the horn is not always enough. 
Signal people out of the way. They may 
be deaf, intent on other things, or old and 
infirm. Your legal and human duty is to 
slow down and avoid trouble. 

Do not pass anyone on the street whose 
back is to you without giving warning, as 
they may step backwards at any moment. 

Do not look back unless you are sure 
that no vehicle is in your immediate vicin- 
ity ahead. 

Always turn from right to left. Remem- 
ber that other people have the same right 
as yourself in public highways. Do not 
be a road hog. If you are in doubt as to 
who should have the right of way let the 
other fellow have it. Life is too short to 
take chances. 



Rim cutting is caused by tires not fitting 
perfectly, by sharp or rusty edges on the 
rim, or by running tires partly deflated. 

Do not take corners fast. By so doing 
tires are subjected to much unnecessary 
strain. 

If your tires are apparently in good 
shape, don't be afraid to pump them up 
hard, as they will not burst. 

Don't throw your brakes on hard with 
your machine going at even moderate speed, 
as an unnecessary strain is put on the tires. 

Beware of car tracts, and avoid running 
over obstructions when not necessary. 

Keep your valve stem and stay bolt nuts 
tight, and tires pumped up, in order that 
water cannot get into the tires. 

Never run on a flat tire, as casing and 
will be easily damaged to such an extent 
that further use is out of the question. 

Many people drive at top speed all the 
time, burning their tires up. Then they 
complain that they have not had sufficient 
mileage. This is just one instance where 
the tire is always getting the worst of it. 



i i 



STAVER" 



CHICAGO 

We think it the most satisfactory car for the money ever 
put together— that the man who makes a choice without 
seeing the STAVER line—can never be sure he has all that 
his money can buy 

$1,450 TO $2,000-16 MODELS 





"40 



» 



AMERICA'S FOREMOST 
MOTOR CAR 

The National "40" has asserted its superiority time and 
again in the foremost speed classics of the year. At Indian- 
apolis, Atlanta, Elgin, Algonquin, the Vanderbilt--have the 
big stock chassis Nationals demonstrated power, speed, sta- 
mina character of construction which cannot be duplicated 
for twice the National "40" price. 

$2,500 AND $2,600-7 MODELS 



KEYSTONE AUTOMOBILE t SUPPLY CO. 



919 W. LOCUST 



INCORPORATED 

DISTRIBUTORS 



DES MOINES 



Please Mention "The Midwestern" in Answering Ads. We Would Appreciate It. 

S9 



60 THE MIDWESTERN 




W. W. SEARS 

VETERAN AUTOMOBILE DEALER IN IOWA 





"p VERY business has a history of its own, and 
*-J it is probably true that no history of a bus- 
iness has been made so rapidly as has that of the 
Automobile business. Hence it is that the vet- 
eran of this now great business in the state of 
Iowa is a young man, to whom the name of 
"Veteran" seems hardly to belong. 

Mr. W. W. Sears, president of the Sears 
Automobile Co., enjoys that distinction. He was 
Vice-President and Secretary of the W. P. Chase 
Co. when the first car was sold. Hopkins-Sears 
succeeded the W. P. Chase Co. and they con- 
tinued to sell automobiles, although this was in 
the nature of a side line. In 1905 Mr. Sears sold 
out his interest in that company and went into 
the automobile business exclusively. He has 
achieved a great success and up to January 1911 
his firm have sold over 2000 cars in Iowa. In 
their first year but one car was sold, and the in- 
crease was gradual until the last few years, when 
hundreds were sold each year. Mr. Sears has 
united with enthusiasm and unflagging industry 
the other qualities of absolute reliability and 
square dealing which have contributed to his em- 
inent success, and have given him a place in the 
front rank of the automobile dealers of Des 
Moines and Iowa. 




$1250 

Top and Meztrer Automatic Windshield extra 

REO PROOF 

Absolute proof of the qualities you want in a motor car — the 
10 1-2 day-and-night record of the Reo from New York to San 
Francisco. 

Reliability — the first anil most important. Half of the40C0 miles between New York 
ami San Francisco is desert and mountain trails — the worst roads in the country; deep wash- 
outs, rocks in the road, often no road at all. A car that can keep on going at such a rate 
over those roads will do anything you can ask of it. 

Power. The Rocky and Sierra Mountains, and the desert in between gave the Reo lots 
of stiff anil rough climbs. You'll never tind a harder or suffer climb in all your motoring. 

Speed. The car that held the previous record was a $4,000 six-cylinder car; but the 
Reo beat it by nearly five days. 

We have plenty more proof of the solid motoring qualities of the Reo, 
if you want it; but this is absolute. 

Send for catalog and agents proposition. 

REO MOTOR CAR CO. 

SEARS AUTO CO. ££nts 

1 Oth and Locust St. is DES MOINES, IOWA 
Oldest and Largest Dealers in Iowa 




Please Mention "The Midwestern" in Answering Ads. We Would Appreciate It. 

61 



62 



THE MIDWESTERN 




The Automobile Parade at the 1910 Show 



Inter-State 

The Bulldog 



Cartercar 



The Car Ahead 




New 50-H. P. Torpedo 

We have startled all Iowa with MB announcement about the \V( IRI.D'S TWO ORF.ATKST AUTOMl IliILK 
LINKS for 1911 the INTER-STATE 40 and BO, ud the WONDERFUL FRICTION DRIVE CAR FRCAR- 

the Car Ahead. See our bie exhibit at the Automobile Show. Get our Acency Proposition— come and see us and 
the two Automobile Fines that never have been equalled. 

CRUZAN & CO., DJSt 909 W. Walnut St., Pes Moines, Iowa 






Please Mention "The Midwestern" in Answering Ads. We Would Appreciate It. 




V K. CRUZAN 

Preside f Cruzan 8 Co., Distributors foi [ntei State and Cartercai 



THE BABY OF THE AUTOMOBILE SHOW 




I>. ('. Kern. |r., son of Mr. and Mrs. D. C. Kern 



MOTOR SHOWS 

Geo. M. Dixon, General Manager National Motor Vehicle Co. 



There lias heen an evolution in mo- 
tor car and accessory shows which was 
very apparent at the New York, Chi- 
cago and smaller shows throughout the 
country this year. 

In the early days the shows were 
promoted to convince the public that 
the automobile would prove a practical 
means of transportation. People at- 
tended, bu1 were mostly skeptical and 
viewed with doubl the contraptions 
which today would seem like strange 
prehistoric animals. 

Today the automobile is accepted 
everywhere withoul question. The 
present year finds hut very few vital 
changes in design and construction. 
The improvements arc mostly refine- 
ments of details which add to Hie 
beauty and comforl and luxury with- 
oul appreciable increase in cost. 

The cars are mostly standardized and 
the differences in the various makes 
which appeal to different peoole are 

not freakish features, but certain rec- 
ognized meritorious features of design 
and construction which are manufac- 
tured for varying uses and desires. The 
accessory makers have kept pace with 
the car manufacturers, and their im- 
provements have added much to the 
comfort of town and country driving. 



Today the majority of people are for 
the automobile. It is the prospective 
purchaser who attends the show. It 
is the man and woman who wants to 
select from the many that one machine 
which seems to he hest suited for his 
own particular needs. The modern au- 
tomobile show is not intended to mere- 
ly convince the public that the auto- 
mobile is a practical, desirable vehicle. 

It is \ather a collection to give the 
public a chance to select a car from 
the many, and makes that selection 
easier hy giving him a chance to coin- 
pare the various makes. Of course, the 
shows still exert a big educational in- 
fluence. There are yet found persona 
who are somewhat doubtful regarding 
the practical utility of the automobile. 

And there arc many persons who 
doulit whether they can afford a car or 
not although they do not question the 
usefulness of the cars. The shows do 
much to light file way of these classes. 
And of course the exhibitions, witli the 
salesmen and mechanical experts on 
hand ready to answer all kinds (if ques- 
tions do more educational work', espe- 
cially of what may be caled an ad- 
vanced nature. They are able to give 
many useful hinfs regarding the up- 
keep of machinery and tires to those 



MOTOR SHOWS 



who have had sonic experience as well 
as those who arc looking at the auto- 
mobile seriously for the lirst time. 
And then we all like "fireworks," 

"red tiro," or "Fourth of July celebra- 
tions," or whatever you want to terra 
it. and the show with its flowers, mu- 
sic, refreshments, entertainments, dec- 
orations, adds a luster to the occasion. 
11 also yives those people who had 
been looking longingly at the demon- 
strators but hesitated about "bother- 
ing" some one when "they were not 
really in the market for a car" a chance 
to "si |) " around. 

The Automobile Show in Des .Moines 
should he like our old friend the cir- 
cus, "bigger and better than ever he- 
fore," and this statement is based only 
on the fact that the bigger shows in the 
Hast have eclipsed all previous efforts 
in point of public interest, actual sales 
and splendor. 

I am glad to give ray heartiest sup- 
port and co-operation and feel that not 
only the concerns actually in the busi- 
ness, but the public as well, will appre- 
ciate the useful influence and results of 
such a show as the Des .Moines Auto 
Dealers' Association is planning to 
stajre during the week of March 7th to 
12th. 




RALPH I'. BOLTON 

Newly Kle< ted Secretary of the Greater lies Moines Committee 



The Faultless CROW ELKHART 



Ten 
Models 




$1,000 to 
$2,000 



ANY ROAD 



ANYWHERE 



All the pleasure uf autoraobiling centers about the certainty of going anil coming the positive 
knowledge thai \oiu tour, vour jaunt or your business trip will not be interrupted bv fault id the 
tar. Kor this reliability, which is ideal in an auioinobile, one car stands out from the crowd ihe 
swift -.silent — sure CROW ELKHART. 

There is an impressiveness to the performance of a Crow Elkhart found in no other — an aristo 
crati-' air of ability in the silent display of unlimited power, which must alwayi be :i pleasure to 
ils owner and driver. Its ease of operation, its flexibility, under nil condition!, ils reserve power 
for the unexpected marks Crow Klkharl's I lie nearest approach lo the ideal motor cais. 

Catalogues gladl j sent upon request. 

Musgrave Fence & Auto Co. 



907 Walnut Street 



■ >ES MOINES. IOWA 



Please Mention "The Midwestern" in Answering Ads. We Would Appreciate It. 



66 



THE MIDWESTERN 



ESH 




12 models, $1,000 to $2,20'J to select from. All Touring Cars of Convertible Torpedo Type 

Oil-Tight and Dust-Proof Construction 

"Jackson" motors are of the Unit Power Plant type — Motor, Clutch and Transmission being 
enclosed in oil-tight and dust-proof case. Perfect lubrication is assured by the circulating oil 
system — dust and dirt are absolutely excluded from the working parts. Plenty of oil and no 
dirt — that's why "Jackson" motors are wear-proof. The most Powerful, dependable and 
Persistent Car in the World. At DCS MOINES AUTO SHOW, Mar. 7-II 



c 



APITAL 
ITY 



c 



ARRIAGE distributors 

OMPANY DES MOINES, IOWA 



FORE-DOORS for All Style Cars, 

Tops built for all Style Cars, and old tops 
recovered. No measurements required 

CAPITAL CITY CARRIAGE CO 

DES MOINFS, IOWA 



Please Mention "The Midwestern" in Answering Ads. We Would Appreciate It. 




HENRY GRAY 

of the United Motor lies Moines Co. 



GEORGE MEANS 
President of the Means Auto Co 



CHOOSING THE NEW CAR 



Perhaps the first thing is to deter- 
mine bow many people you want the 
new car to carry. That is easily dis- 
posed of, Then there is the question 
of speed. There should be power 
enough to carry the maximum load re- 
quired and to negotiate any bills it is 
likely to be pitted againsl on high 
gear and without efforl or unwhole- 
some pounding. Some cars are better 
hill climbers than others, and some pur- 
chasers may live in territory where hill 
climbing is unnecessary, others in ter- 
ritory where bill climbing is a matter 
of course. Whether s good hill climb- 
er is required each prospective pur- 
chaser must deride I'm- himself. Tin 1 
USe you ai'e to make of the ear and the 
territory you are to use it in are prime 
factors to consider, 

There is a great difference in the 
merit of standard makes of ears. One 
may he hesl for rough country, another 
best lor level territory and smooth 
roads. The harmony and symmetry of 

body lines differ in the different cars, 

That and the upholstering, color, nickel 
or lirass finished metal work. etc.. can 



all he had to suit individual taste. In 
this connection it is wise to hear in 
mind that brass requires continued pol- 
ishing, while nickel does not and will 
stand more wear. 

Price may also he a factor, hut there 

are good cars to he had in every range 

and once the amount you wish to spend 
is decided upon, all ears of a more ex- 
pensive character should he eliminated 
from consideration. It is always good 
business to pay a little more, if ncees 

sary, and gel a ear that will absolutely 

satisfy than to pay less and gel one 

that may always prove a little disap- 
pointing, for half the owner's joy from 
motoring springs from absolute satis- 
faction in t hi' car owned, 

The hesl way to determine on your 
ear is to make a I rial I rip wit h it un- 
der just such conditions as you are 
likely to encounter regularly. Note 
how slow it can be run on high gear 
without the clutch slipping. The mot- 
or should pick up speed on li if^li gear 
almost instantly. A single turn of the 
crank should start the engine, and this 

should have plenty of reserve power, as 



68 



THE MIDWESTERN 





W. E. MOYER 
President of the Mover Auto Co. 



GEORGE ALLMART 
of the Iowa Automobile Co. 



that will mean smoother running and 
longer life than if it is always work- 
ing up near its limit. 

A light pressure on the foot brake 
should be sufficient to lock the rear 
wheels. Large wearing surfaces are de- 
sirable on the emergency brake on the 
rear wheels and on the foot brake on 
the transmission. Wheels and tires of 
size are also advantageous, and al- 
though large tires are more expensive 
to buy, the greater mileage secured 
from them and the reduced liability to 
puncture make them economical in the 
long run. 

'flic magneto should be where it ran 

In' looked over and cleaned or adjusted 
without the necessity of taking it off, 
The carburetor should be easily acces- 
sible to clean or repair; danger of short 
circuiting should be avoided by well 
supported and well Insulated ignition 
cables; the spark plug should not re- 
quire any special wrench and should be 
where it can be removed easily. 

All of these things should be borne 

in mind by the intending purchaser and 

especially if it is the lirst ear. 



LATEST IMPROVEMENTS IN 
AUTOMOBILES 

One of the greatest improvements 
made in the automobile equipment or 
accessory line during the last few years 
has been the demountable or remov- 
able rim by means of which an expert 
can change a tire in slightly over half 
a minute. This demountable rim has 
attached to it a clincher tire, already 
inflated, and it is the work of hut a 
t'vw seconds to loosen the nuts or un- 
lock the expansion ring at the rim of 
the wheel and replace the punctured 
tire with the new one. 

There arc many variations of this 
system, and in some the enter ring of 

the wl I rim is detached in order that 

a new tire may be slid into place, 'Phis 
type does not allow the spare tire to be 
carried inflated, and consequently does 
not permit of so rapid ;i repla ement as 
the other system, but the additional 

Weight and expense of the e\t ,i nnl 

are avoided. — Outing, 




35-40 

The Car That 

Dreads Nothing 



KING OF THE ROAD 



LONG STROHX MOTOR 
4-6 

See Our 4 door nickle trimmed car. A dem- 
onstration will convince you we have the great- 
est automobile value for 1911. 

MEANS 
AUTOMOBILE CO. 

309-311 E. Walnut St. - Phone 1113 East 

DES MOINES, IOWA 



Read This Remarkable Winning List 

Perfect Road Score 1909 Glidden Run. Won Ft Worth 6 
day Enduran.e Run Won Chicago Trophy l9IOGI.dden 
Run. Perfeci Road and Technical Score 1000-mile Chicago 
Run Team Trophy 1000 mile Chicago Run. Perfect Tire 
Score Chicago Run. Tied for Roadster Trophy Chicago Run. 




COMPLETE EXHIBIT AT AUTOMOBILE SHOW, COLISEUM, MARCH 7TH TO 11TH 



The HOME INSURANCE COMPANY 

New York 

Issues a Model Automobile Floater Policy insuring the Car and its 
Equipment anywhere in the United States and Canada, whether in a Garage 
or other building, or on the road, without any restrictions as to the use or 
storage of Gasoline, against Loss or Damage by FIRE, arising from 
any cause wdiatsoever, including Explosion, Self-ignition, and Lightning; 
THEFT, ROBBERY, or PILFERAGE; also while in the hands of a Trans- 
portation Company, against Loss or Damage by STRANDING, BURN- 
ING, SINKING, DERAILMENT, COLLISION with other Railroad Cars 
or Boats. 

Cash Capital, $3,000,000.00. Total Assets, $30,178,913.63. Surplus 
as regards policyholders, $16,829,613.63. 

Apply to any Home Agent for information or to 

J. W. WARNSHUIS, State Agent 

I)es Homes, Iowa 

WITHER & KAUFFMAN, Agents for Des Moines 



Please- Mention "The Midwestern" in Answering Ads. We Would Appreciate It. 



THE MIDWESTERN 




ROSS CLEMENS 
Manager of the Standard Motor Co. 



A. C. STRONG 

Manager of the Strong Motor Co. 



MORE COMFORT FOR THE 
MOTORIST 

One of the tendencies of modern mo- 
tor ear design lias been to increase the 
easy-riding qualities of both the front 
and rear seats. Specially-designed 
springs provide for this, but unless 
some means arc supplied whereby the 
recoil will lie absorbed .the car cannot 
be driven rapidly over rough roads 
with any degree of comfort to the oc- 
cupants of the tonneau. To absorb this 
"bounce," or recoil, shock absorbers 
and supplementary springs are provid- 
ed, and these have much to do with 
the easy-riding qualities of the modern 
car. Such devices may be had in a 
variety of forms and can be attached 
at almost any garage in a comparative- 
ly short space of time. 

For extended touring, a folding 
trunk rack attached to the rear of the 
car, with a trunk made to fit, is al- 
most a necessity. The racks provided 
for the purpose arc sufficiently strong 
to hold a couple of hundred pounds, 
and yet they may be folded back out 



of the way when not in use. A coat 
rail, attached to the back of the front 
seat, is a useful accessory for the ton- 
neau and serves as a rack on which ex- 
tra garments may be kept, ready for 
use at a moment's notice. — Outing. 



AN ELECTRIC AUTOMOBILE IN 
WINTER 

It's a toy," said the man with a gaso- 
line machine, of the electric vehicle when 
the other fellow bought it; "it's a bauble 
for girls and not a business proposition," 
— and then he waited to say, "1 told you 
so." 

But the little electric took hold of a 
business proposition such as no gaso- 
lene machine in the town had to face, 
and it took bold with the vim of a polo 
pony. In fact it was commuting. It 
went three miles into town every 
morning, and it came back every 
night, ending the trip with a climb of 
a quarter of a mile up a hill, with a 
rise of H00 feet. 

It is true that the ear only has a 



THE WONDERFUL 

OVERLAND 




. * <* y ■ 

''iJ X OVERLAND MODEL 



We can prove by 20,000 owners that OVERLAND 
Quality has been established. To this Quality we 
claim has been added the most beautiful body de- 
signs ever shown, even on the highest priced cars. 

THERE ARE TWENTY-TWO MODELS FOR 
1911. $775.00 to $1675.00 



RIDDELL AUTOMOBILE CO. 



Eighth and Locust Streets 



DES MOINES, IOWA 




Please Mention "The Midwestern" in Answering Ads. We Would Appreciate It. 



72 



THE MIDWESTERN 





H. B. GROVES 
Manager of the United Motor lies Moines Co. 



R. E. ALLMART 
Cashier Iowa Auto and Supply Co. 



running capacity of fifteen miles an 
hour on a level, and climbs a hill no 
faster than a horse, hut it climbs. It is 
also true that, when a speeding ma- 
chine comes along, the electric crawls 
into a ditch to save its skin and waits 
until the dust settles. These are hu- 
miliating moments, hut that is false 
pride, and every dog has his day. The 
little electric scored one when winter 
came. 

With the first slippery mud, leather 
treads equipped with prongs were nut 
on all four wheels. These treads cost 
$30 a pair, hut they save their price 
twice over each season, for this car 
runs over rough roads — common nar- 
row Pennsylvania roads, not the state 
highway — and they positively prevent 
a puncture. 

The treads keep the car from slip- 
ping in ordinary mud. "When the mud 
is frozen hard into ruts that would 
puncture a tire the treads carry the 
machine along on the top of the nits, 
and the car is heavy enough to run 
smoothly on such roads. This is 
""where it lias the advantage over a light 
runabout built for speed. It can travel 



over roads where a light car would be 
torn to pieces. With the treads, thin, 
slippery mud lost its terrors and only 
heavy, stiff roads gave us pause. 

When the snow came chains were 
added to the rear wheels on top of the 
treads. Equipped so, the ear travels 
through five inches of snow and climbs 
the hill. 

Then came the January thaw when 
all the roads were streams of running 
water and the creeks covered the 
bridges. This was followed by a se- 
vere freeze, making a glare of iee over 
everything. Twice, when a sleigh 
drawn by two steady horses made the 
trip down the hill, the sleigh slewed 
completely around so that the horses 
pointed up the hill again. Several 
horses had bad falls. So much for the 
horses. A light snow drifted over the 
ice and made walking almost impossi- 
ble, the ice was so treacherous under- 
neath. The electric climbed the hill 
under these conditions without a 
tremor. 

The next morning conditions were 
no better. Only the Weight of III.- ma- 
chine kept it steady as it rounded rite 
icy curves on its downward journey. 



AN ELECTRIC AUTOMOBILE IN WINTER 



73 




Traveling thro' Snow 



The ice was go thick that the chains 
left only a slight impression on it. 
Marks in the snow either side of the 
steep hank showed where cutteri and 



hobs had slewed into the ditch, but the 
little electric kept along its way. 

Driving a car under such conditions 
would not cure nervous prostration, 



1911 Roadster "Regal 20" $900 




Complete 
Line 

Regal "20" 
$900 

Regal "30" 
$1250 

Regal "40" 
$1750 



A Remarkable Car at a Remarkable Price 

( K.in- Doof ud < rpen Stxies 

You will sec ill imic lhat tin- Regal ""-<'" strikes a new note in automobile building. Il has tin- i lass, distinction 
ami slvlr thai will make it one Ol the urns! strikink IUI I ''ssrs ol the I ear. Note the Undenluina frame that brink's the 

body ' I "si- to thr kn iii ml gives the rakish, swili. siu.iri appearand i' that ever] driver ol a roadster > nvets. 

\ stiii I v ut ih.- ipecirii at iii i is will show that this nindel is in atae, power ami efficiency a car hi mast. -tit 1 1 design. 
It carries two passengers anywhere with ease. Has power enough and t.. snare. Is long enough ami heavy enough 

si. that it "stii ks" 1. 1 tin- road. While it will he sei/.-il iii b] discriminating city .lri\ .-is bet suss ol its uusuall] distin. 

gulshed appearance and exclusive lines, yet its itrength of construction ami its mail efficiency maka it suitable lor 
road servit b anj where ami everj where. 



Call and look 

over the Regal 

line. 



Jeffrey Auto and Tire Co. 

420 Eighth Street, Des Moines, Iowa 
iDES MOINES VULCANIZING CO.i 



Let us send you 
a catalogue and 
specifications. 



Please Mention "The Midwestern" in Answering Ads. We Would Appreciate It. 



74 



THE MIDWESTERN 




View of the Hyperion Field and Motor Club House 



and it is not recommended as a gentle 

exercise for women and children 

A year after the purchase o«: the 
electric machine the owner of the gas- 
olene car came around to compare 
notes. The figures worked out were 
illuminating. 

The first cost of the gasolene ma- 
chine was $1,250. Gasolene in quantity 
costs fifteen cents a gallon. It take« 
one-and-a-half cents' worth of gaso- 
lene to run a car a mile on a good coun- 



try road, against three-fourths cent a 
mile for a paved street. Of course more 
gasolene is used on a grade. It takes 
one gallon of gasolene to make six 
miles of hilly road, which is the elec- 
tric 's daily run; two cents' worth of 
luhricating oil would he used on the en- 
gine. This makes the fuel cost of the 
trip in question for the gasolene ma- 
chine seventeen cents. If the road was 
very heavy this expense would double. 
The first cost of the electric machine 




View of Grounds About the Hyperion Field and Motor Club House 



10-1911 models The Detroit Electric l 



PHONE 
W. 1327 

for 



chase any electric. We ask 
the privilege of explainino all 
thatthe spe- 
cial features 
of the De- 
troit Elec- 
tric really 
mean. 




912-14 
Locust St. 



demonstration HERRING MOTOR CAR CO. des moines 



AUTOMOBIL E 

Repairing, Overhauling and Accessories 

Full Prest O-Lite Ta nks A lways on Hand 

Storage Batteries Recharged 

Let us overhaul your car and put it in shape for the coming season. 
All work guaranteed. 

We do not have the agency for any car, therefore we take as much in- 
terest in one make as another. 

When you are in need of anything in our line remember we turn our 
work out right, and give you a square deal. After May 1st we will be in our 
new building at 11th and Mulberry, which will be the largest and only fire- 
proof garage in the city. 

INDEPENDENT AUTO CO. 

1013-15 Walnut Street With Buick Motor Co. 

LESLIE H. TIETGE.;^"?/" 1 



Please Mention "The Midwestern" in Answering Ads. We Would Appreciate It. 



76 



THE MIDWESTERN 




D. C. KERN B I-:. SARGENT 

Iowa Distributors for Klmore and Amplex Motor Cars 



was $1 ,800. Electricity costs at an av- 
erage rate, ten cents per 1,000 watts. 
At this rate it would cost about two- 
and-a-half cents to run the car a mile 
on a good country road against an al- 
leged two cents a mile for a paved 
street. A careful record of the current 
used for the six hilly miles in question 
resulted as follows : Use of current for 
ordinary summer roads, 2,500 wans : 
for heavy summer roads, 13,500 watts; 
for frozen winter roads, 3,300 watts; 
for five inches of snow, 5,000 watts; 
for the worst record we ever made. 
6,000 watts. 

These figures leave a credit to the 
gasolene machine of eight cents a trip 
in good weather, hut eight cents worth 
of bother must he taken into account. 

With the electric machine there is 
nothing to (hi but turn on the elec- 
tricity and guide the car. Its running 
is simplicity itself on any decent road. 
Turn a lever and the car goes; push, it 
back and the car stops. It is so simple 
that someone litis said it is 
proof." 

The cost be maintenance i 
machines is about the sami 
and incidentals, btrl the 

engine needs constant attention, while 



the storage battery cells of the electric 
in epiestion are only looked over twice 
a. month by an electrician who charges 
forty cents an hour. It usually takes 
him two hours each time to clean and 
test the cells, making an expense of 
$1.60 a month. 

The cost of electricity is very slight 
for people who can make it themselves, 
but a private charging plant costs from 
$500 to $700. Then the maintenance 
and depreciation of the plant must, be 
added to the cost of running. 

The car in question belongs to a man 
who uses electricity for manufacturing 
purposes. The car is charged each day 
at the factory at a cost of almost noth- 
ing, so little does its supply of elec- 
tricity add to the generating cost of 
the plant. An hour a day to keep up 
the little repairs and a few cents for 
oil and extras must be added to t)H' 

electrician 's account. 

For people who can tap an elect)'"' 

wire without getting ;i hill the first of 

fool each month the electric car is by fi 



the two 

for tires 
gasoline 



1 1' 

the cheapest, and for the great multi 
tude ol' women and chidren and men 
who don't want to bother it is the 
only car, 

Flora Lewis Marble. 



The Easiest Riding Car in 
the World 

The Marmon 




THE unprecedented record of THE MARMON means 
everything to the purchaser of an automobile. Its racing 
record has astonished motordom. It is the easiest riding 
car in the world. It's action is well nigh perfect. In power 
and endurance it is unsurpassed. 

The story of the development of THE MARMON reads 
like a romance. Reserve your MARMON now. 



See it at the 1911 
Des Moines Automobile Show 



Brown=Camp Hdw. Co. 



512 Grand JJuenue 



DES MOINES, lOWJi 



Please Mention "The Midwestern" in Answering Ads. We Would Appreriatc It. 




BEN BROWN 
)f the Brown-Camp Hardware Co. 



E. C. MUSGRAVE 

President of the Musgrave Fence and Auto Co. 



AUTOMOBILE INSURANCE 

The insurance laws of Iowa as orig- 
inally framed did not foresee the needs 
of automobile insurance and amend- 
ments have therefore beennecessary to 
allow the proper protection of automo- 
bile owners against the different haz- 
ards arising from their use. At the 
session of the legislature two years 
ago a special bill was passed allowing 
fire insurance companies to write a 
policy insuring against loss by tire, 
theft and transportation wherever the 
machine might be. The insurance laws 
ill' the slate were not flexible enough to 
provide I'm- this before. Since then the 
insurance department of the state has 
ruled thai the companies writing Auto- 
mobile Kii-e Insurance could include 

also damage to the automobile insured 

resulting from collision with other ob- 
jects, commonly known as Collision 
Insurance. 

Since the last session of the legis- 
lature it has developed that the law did 

not allow an automobile owner to in- 
sure himself against claims for acci- 
dents except under certain conditions 



L. E. EI. LIS, G. A. HOLLAND, 

President Secretaiv 



THE 



Anchor Fire 
Insurance Company 



OF 



DES MOINES, IOWA 

Wants to insure your 

Automobile 

and all other kinds of 

Property 



See our Local Agent. 



AUTOMOBILE INSURANCE 



79 



AUTOMOBILE INSURANCE 



ALVERSON & MONTROSE 



707 Iowa Loan & Trust Bldg. DES MOINES, IOWA 



Phone Walnut 1763 



INSURANCE AND BONDS 



as while the car was being driven by 
ail employee and used for business pur- 
poses. This ruling was prompted on 
the principle thai it was against the 
good of the public as it might make an 
owner careless in driving his car if he 
had been able to insure himself from 
trouble arising in this direction. 'Phis 
prejudiced idea is really a relic of the 
early days in this country when people 
were prejudiced against even insur- 
ance of any kind. As a matter of fact 
those people most desiring this insur- 
ance arc the people most careful in the 
use of their machinsc. The insurance 
Companies would avoid writing a care- 
less driver. Also insurance would be 
an added protection to anyone who 
might have a claim for an accident as 
the owner himself might not be able to 
pay a judgment rendered against him. 
A bill has been introduced at the 
present session of the legislature allow- 
ing the \'\-i-v writing of Automobile Lia- 
bility Insurance, being introduced by 
Senator Bennett anil Known as Senate 
File No. 68. This bill has passed the 



Senate and is now being considered by 
the insurance committee of the House. 
It is known that there is no special op- 
position to this bill but it is for the in- 
terest of every automobile owner of the 
state to be sure that this bill passes, 
anil to take the matter up with the Sen- 
ator and Representatives from his sec- 
tion and urge them to take an interest 
and assist the passage of this bill. This 
is a very important matter and it is 
hoped that every automobile owner in 

the state will at once interest himself 
in this connection. Action should be 
taken at once as the bill has not yet 
been called up in the House but will 
doubtless be called up any day. 

This bill provides for liability for 
damage to property belonging to others 
in addition 1o protection from claims 
for personal injuries. Therefore if the 
above lull passes an automobile owner 
can protect himself from every possible 
hazard in connection with his automo- 
bile, including fire, theft, transporta- 
tion, collision and liability for personal 
injuries and for damage toproperty of 
others 



CAN BE WELDED 

Cast Iron. Cast Sleel and Aluminum Castings Made Whole. dear 
Cutting ami Cylinder Welding a Specialty. 

Win throw away your BROKEN CASTINGS when they cm be 
WELDED and made at good at new? M interested write na. 

DES MOINES WELDING CO. 
Iowa Novelty CgL Brass Worhs 

G. G. ELDRIOGE. Proprietor - DES MOINES. IOWA 

Acros» the street North ol Coliseum 




Please Mention "TH e Midwestern" in Answering Acts. We Would Vpprecate It. 



80 



THE MIDWESTERN 




EVERETT DYSON 
Son of Mr. and Mrs. T. E. Dvson 



E. S. DUSENBERG 

New Member of the Sears Auto Co. 



NO OTHER CARS LIKE THESE 




AMPLEX 30-50 NEWPORT MODEL 

THE CARS THAT HAVE NO VALVES. 
AMPLEX ELMORE 

VALVELESS SELF STARTING 

$1,200. TO $5,650. 

AMPLEX ELMORE AUTO CO. 



800 Mulberry Street 



IOWA DISTRIBUTORS 



DES MOINES. IOWA 



Please Mention "The Midwestern" in Answering Ads. We Would Aopreciate It. 



COMMERCIAL DEVELOPMENT ASSURED 



81 



Five -passenger fore 
door touring car with 
120-inch wheel base, 
36 x 4 tires. Timken 
full floating axle, 
Timken roller bear- 
ings throughout and 



Price $2,100.00. Seven-passenger, price $2,250.00 





T. E. DYSON & SON 



Des Moines, Iowa 



WESTERN DISTRIBUTORS 



407-9 Fifth St. 




MERKEL, 4 H. P. Single, 6 and 7 H. P. Twins 
YALE, 4 H P. Single, 7 H. P. Twins 

Anthony Cycle Co. 

422 West Eighth Street 



EXCELSIOR AUTO-CYCLE 

INDIAN MOTO-CYCLE 




Wl- art- f;n tnry nprrsentalivrs. See us at tlu- 

DES MOINES AUTO SHOW, MARCH 7 to tt, 1911 

and dan tot tin- WK) (..r vi.ur town 

Wl have nearly two car loadl nf mil hind in 

Mock Am- tin v..ii mot 

JENKINS & CO., 813 Grand Ave., Des Moines, la. 



COMMERCIAL DEVELOPMENT 
ASSURED 

A significant trade development dur- 
ing 1910 baa been the extension and 
widening of the use of motorcycles for 
commercial purposes. A year ago, only 

two or three linns were making any 

particular efforts to create a mercantile 

demand for t he motor two-wlieeler. At 
the present time, practically every linn 
is intent upon obtaining its share of the 



vasi commercial business which is be- 
lieved to be in immediate prospect. Hut 
only a mere beginning has been made. 
True, motorcycles are now used for 

such purposes as rural free delivery, 
gas, telephone and electrical repairs, 

telegraph, post-office and other mes- 
sengers, for the delivery of small 
parcels, and by policemen, firemen, etc. 

In practically every instance, the mo- 
torcycle has given eminent satisfac- 
tion, and the average firm or munici- 



82 



THE MIDWESTERN 



pality which has tried them out for any 
of these purposes has usually added to 
its original equipment. How long will 
it he before motorcycle deliveries are 
made by tens of thousands of stores in 
all parts of the country, where a local 
trade and ideal street conditions point 
to the motorcycle as the last word in 
the matter of prompt and economical 
transportation of every variety of 
small packages? Then think of the 
thousands of special policemen, of fire- 
men, members of salvage corps, hospi- 
tal attaches, municipal, state and gov- 
ernment inspectors who would find the 
motorcycle just the vehicle they re- 
quire to facilitate and increase the effi- 
ciency of their work, positively as 
economically as those ends can be at- 
tained. These possibilities are not of 
the mer" paper kind nor developed out 
of the dreams of a wild optimist. On 
the contrary, every indication points, 
not only to the realization of this fore- 
cast, but as well to the application of 
the motorcycle to scores of uses as yet 
unthought of or regarded at least as 
somewhat improbable. To sum up, no 
one can conceive just how vast the 
commercial business will be, nor ho'.v 
soon its greatness and importance will 
force universal recognition of the de- 
sirability of being prepared for won- 
derful growth in that direction. 



BYRD E. MOORE 

THE MOTORCYCLE MAN 




Exclusive agent for the "THOR" MOTORCYCLES. Also 

agent for the "Dayton," "Tribune," "Adlake," "Excelsior" 

"Cyrus" and "Crown" Bikes 



814 Grand Avenue 



DES MOINES, IOWA 



DISPLAY BIG CAR 

Among the features at the Des Moines 
auto show will be the new interstate 
seven passenger, fifty horsepower car 
which will be displayed by Cruzan & 
Co. N. A. Cruzan announced yester- 
day that he will receive two carloads 



of Interstates for the show, including 
the latest model. It will be exhibited in 
Des Moines for the first time at the 
show, having attracted considerable 
attention at the Chicago exhibit. 

Another new model of the Interstate 
will be the five passenger torpedo, a 
forty horsepower car. In addition the 
Cruzan booth will house five other 
models of the Interstate which have 
been seen in Des Moines before. 



A motorcycle tour of Europe easily 
is within the reach of a great many 
riders, as a trio of Chicago tourists de- 
monstrated last summer when they 
took a flying trip of 12,000 miles at a 
surprisingly low cost for transporta- 
tion, in addition to being able to visit 
places which with other methods of 
travel they would have missed. 



HAVE YOU LUNCHED AT 
CHRISTY'S? 

If so, you know what a good, full 
square meal is when you are hungry, 
and also what a delicious light lunch- 
eon is when not so hungry. But really 
the things they bring you at Christy's 
make you hungry whether you are or 
not. And they make you want more 
and make you want to come again. 
Even the soup is delicious at Christy's 
and the chef knows how to serve you a 
thin slice of rare roast beef, a broiled 
lobster, a roasted duck or a planked 
fish equally well, and the pies, well, 
you will fancy you never saw or tasted 
such pies since you were a child and 
ate your mother's. The service is 
prompt and all of Mr. Christy's places 
are kept spotlessly clean and thor- 
oughly up-to-date. 

These places are 517 Mulberry 
street; 318 Eighth street; 205 Sixth 
avenue, and on second floor of Wat- 
rous building, the C. C. Christy cafes. 



WHY PATRICK HENRY SAID IT 

A schoolboy's composition on Pat- 
rick Henry contained the following 
gem: "Patrick was not a very bright 
boy. He had blue eyes and light hair. 
He got married, and then said, 'Give 
me liberty or give me death.' " — Har- 
per's Magazine. 



A FASCINATING STORY 



83 



A FASCINATING STORY 

Til is story seems easily the besl that 

Gaston Leroux has written of a far 

higher type of imagination than that 
displayed in "The .Mystery of the Yel- 
low Room." It is a most extraordin- 
ary, clever, fantastic tale — original in 
idea and masterly in treatment, dough, 
in his amusing poem on Columbus, ex- 
claims: "How in the world diil Colum- 
hus get over?" In like manner the 
reader of "The Phantom of the Opera" 
wonders how in the world the author 
ever thought of it. The notion of an 
opera ghost is surely unique, and jnsl 
as surely it is fascinating. Bu1 this is 
not a "ghost story" in the ordinary 
sense of the word. It is that, hut it is 
much more, for while all of the several 
persons, through whose eyes one suc- 
cessively views the scenes of the story. 
behave the mysterious happenings that 
alternately amuse and shock them to 
be due to an apparition, the reader he- 
fore long is let clearly into the secret 
that they are really the work of a hu- 
man being. Thus the plot possesses 
double powers of enthrallment ; it plays 
upon the reader's imagination with a 
tine case of creeps, and at the same time 
it evokes a deeper human interest in 
the fate of several persons prominent 
in it. We do not know of another story 
which attempts this dual role of mys- 
tery maker and human drama, or at 
any rate that so expertly achieves both. 
From the very beginning one feels 
that there is in one's hands something 
out of the usual. The setting and back- 
ground immediately claim attention tor 
themselves. It seems scarcely less than 
a stroke of genius to choose for the 
home of the "ghost" the gay. elabor- 
ate, brilliant Paris Opera House, with 
its seventeen stories and its thronging 
array of famous singers, ballet dan- 
cers, scene shifters, mechanicians of 
all sorts, its scrub women, box-keepers 
and ancient door shutters. 

Charmed with the boldness, the sim- 
plicity and Hie artistic felicity of this 
foundation stroke. Hie reader is speed- 
ily captivated by the events of Hie 
story, by the actual operations of the 
ghost. In plan the author avails him- 
self of the first-hand services of sev- 
eral persons whom he permits to speak 




GENEVIEVE TUCKER EVANS 



successively as eye-witnesses of the 
comedy or tragedy of the hour. 

The plot itself is frankly fantastic, 
but the magic with which it is put be- 
fore us, the unfailing skill with which 
the illusion is established and main- 
tained, make it for all the reasonable 
purposes of story-telling sufficiently 
'■redible. Humor, tragedy, love, adven- 
ture, all contribute to its undeniable 
success. 

Altogether one feels that the author 

has lifted his story far above the level 

of the usual literary tale. His people, 
the workmanship of the plot, and, it 
should be added, his writing, are good 
enough for the most serious work of 
fiction. 'I'he writing is vivacious 
throughout. Finally, the dramatic siis^ 
pense is perfectly maintained. "The 
Phantom of the Opera" is nothing less 
than a new sensation. Kobbs-Merrill 
( !o. $1 .50. 



With demountable rims extra tires are 
readv inflated on the tide of your car; in 
this way water, etc., can not reach inside 
the casings, and the tire in general is pre- 
served to a greater extent than otherwise. 



HOME BUILDING 




W. H. HARWOOD 

President 
Des Moines Real Estate Exchange 



THE DES MOINES REAL ESTATE 
EXCHANGE 

When the rejuvenation of Des 
Moines began with the organization of 
the Greater Des Moines Committee, the 
virus of initiative enterprise and pro- 
gress soon began to work in the sys- 
tems of other organizations and 
classes. 

Among the earlier of those to be ef- 
fected, were the real estate dealers. 
Long enured to slow processes and a 
sluggish business, the energy displayed 
by the new committee aroused the 
realtv men to a new purpose and ef- 
fort . ' 

Belief in the old adage, "hi union 
there is strength," stimulated the idea 
of forming an organization of dealers, 
and the Des Moines Real Estate Ex- 
change had its birth. Its principal or- 



ganizers were B. 8. Walker, R. R. Mc- 
Cutehen, II. M. Porter, L. M. Mann, E. 
G. Mclntyre and Mack Olsen. 

A corporation was duly formed and 
launched with B, S. Walker, president ; 
L. M. Mann, vice president, and E. G. 
Mclntyre, secretary and treasurer, and 
with a directory hoard of three com- 
posed of II. M. Porter, R. R. McCutchen 
and Mack Olsen. The capital stock 
was fixed at $25,000, with shares of $10 
each, and each member was required 
to take one share of stock and pay an- 
nual dues of $10. The present mem- 
bership of the exchange comprises 
about thirty of the leading firms, and 
application for new members are now 
being received. 

The purpose of the Real Estate Ex- 
change is to serve those interested in 
the advancement and protection of the 
great real estate interests of the city 
and vicinity, including the real estate 
brokers, owners, tenants and builders. 
Another leading object is to strengthen 
the important business of real estate 
brokerage by promoting high stand- 
ards of dealing and encouraging good- 
fellowship through co-operative work 
for common interests. 

The exchange further seeks to pro- 
mote friendly and confidential rela- 
tions with property owners by serving 
their best interests in the sale and de- 
velopment of their property and pro- 
tecting them from loss through dis- 
honest tenants and dealers. A satis- 
factory foundation has been laid, and 
a gradual improvement is resulting 
from its efforts in this direction. 

The work of the exchange is vested 
in all its members, acting through a 
Board of Directors of seven members, 
five of whom are elected by the stock- 
holders at the regular annual meeting, 
and the President and Secretary are 
ex-of'fieio members of the board. 

There are several standing Commit- 
tees, among which several functions <>f 
the exchange are divided, all reporting 
to the exchange as a whole. 

These Committees are the Member- 
ship Committee, which passes on all ap- 
plications fur membership. The Ap- 



TONAWANDA PLACE 




The Birdland of West Des Moines 

THIS handsome addition is located between 
38th street and Tonawanda Drive, former- 
ly West 4 1 st street, conveniently situated just 
south of Grand Avenue within three blocks of 
the Ingersoll car line at either 39th or 4 1 st streets. 

Size of Lots: Lots in Tonawanda vary in frontage from 
70 to 110 feet and from 150 to 275 feet in depth. 

Trees: Each lot is well shaded with handsome White Oak 
Trees, the kind that last a life time. 

Prices: The price of lots vary from $1,500 to $3,500, de" 
pending on size and location. 

W^ater, Gas and Pavements are ordered and sewers 
are now in. All sidewalks will be in by April 15th. 

For further information apply to 

WITMER AND KAUFMAN 

Selling Agents, Manhattan Building 
DES MOINES 



Please Mention "The Midwestern" in Answering Ads. We Would Appreciate It. 



86 



THE MIDWESTERN 



praisement Commitee, which makes all 
appraisements of property for non-resi- 
dents, estates, corporations and in con- 
demnation proceedings when requested 
to do so. The Arbitration Committee 
hears and decides all questions of dif- 
ferences or disputes among the mem- 
bers. The Legislative Committee in- 
vestigates, and reports upon all laws 
heretofore enacted or that may be at 
any time proposed, affecting the real 
estate interests of the city or state. 

This committee is also intrusted with 
the important duty of suggesting new 
laws or the revision of present laws 
considered advisable or needful to the 
betterment of real estate conditions and 
the preparation of bills for submission 
to the legislature. This is one of the 
most important committees of the ex- 
change, and its work has already pro- 
duced good results and promises to be- 
come still more influential and helpful. 

Another important committee is the 
Auction Sales Committee. Its opera- 
tions have been somewhat nullified by 
the lack of co-operation on the part of 
real estate owners who apparently do 
not fully understand its aims, and are 
somewhat prejudiced against this 
method of selling real estate. It is 
true, however, that it is a very effec- 
tive way in which to dispose of prop- 
erty of slow sale and when honestly 
conducted is fair to both the seller and 
buyer. The present committee hopes 
to conduct some successful sales this 
year and will endeavor to popularize 
that feature of the work of the ex- 
change. 

Among the things accomplished to 
date by the exchange may be mention- 
ed the firmer establishment of a uni- 
form and just scale of rates of commis- 
sions, more uniform valuations for the 
purpose of taxation, an improved form 
of contract for the sal» of real estate 
which has been copyrighted for the use 
of members, also forms for deeds, 
leases, and contracts of sale, all of 
which are furnished to the members 
at a nominal cost, with imnrint of name 
and office location when desired. 

The exchange has adopted a system 
of listing property known as the "co- 
operative system," which briefly stat- 
ed means that each member who se- 
cures an exclusive contract for the sale 



of any porperty may list it with the 
Secretary of the exchange, who then 
furnishes to each member of the ex- 
change a description of the property, 
thus securing the co-operation of all the 
members in effecting a sale. This 
method is now being given a trial and 
it is believed that it will afford satis- 
factory results to both owners and 
agents. It has many commendable 
features. 

One of the most ambitious under- 
takings of the exchange was the Mu- 
nicipal Exhibit held by it last year at 
the State Fair. The display was ar- 
ranged upon short notice and was nec- 
essarily not large, but it attracted 
much attention and was the subject of 
warm commendation upon the part of 
all who witnessed it. It is hoped that 
a similar one may be arranged for this 
year. With the experience of last year 
as a guide a much larger and more ef- 
fective exhibit should be possible. 

The officers and members of the ex- 
change propose to so conduct its af- 
fairs, that a membership in it shall be 
so widely accepted as a guarantee of 
the character of each member for hon- 
esty, efficiency and square dealing, that 
owners of real estate will not desire to 
look elsewhere for assistance in the 
management or disposition of their 
property. 

The exchange proposes to co-operate 
in every way possible with the other 
organizations of the city, the purpose 
of which is to build up and better Des 
Moines and hopes to accomplish the 
greatest good to the greatest number 
possible. It stands for honesty in pub- 
lic and business life, as well as private 
life, and will use whatever power it 
may possess to foster the best interests 
of the fair city of its birth, unreserv- 
edly pledging to her its loyalty and 
best efforts. 



TENT & 




MF'RSor^KlNDS 

\> GOODS- 

'- "s/3 msnur.fr 
WRITE FTJR CATALOGUE & PRICES. 



Remarkable Growth of 

GIL-MAR PARK 

42nd and Ingersoll Avenue 

"The Popular Home Center" 

"Universally recognized as absolutely distinctive in its manifold 
advantages, carefully made plans, easy accessibility and proper re- 
strictions which insure complete protection." 

Its Rapid Development 

The plat of Gil-Mar Park was filed Aug. 1 0, 1 908. In the past 
two years the following improvements have been made: 

1 6,000 Square Yards of Pavement $ 30,000 

3,600 Lineal Feet of Sewers 4,000 

3,000 Lineal Feet of Sidewalk 1,500 

6,000 Feet of Lineal Curbing 3,600 

10,000 Cubic Yards of Grading 3,000 

25 Houses, 4 Garages, 2 Barns 150,000 

Total cost of improvements in 2 years..$192,IOO 

Advantages 

Gil-Mar Park is a properly restricted residence addition. 

Gil-Mar Park is near the Country Club, Greenwood Park and Wave- 
land Park. 

Gil-Mar Park has the Hubbell School Building adjoining — one of the 
finest in the city. 

Gil-Mar Park has the best Street Railway service of any part of the city. 

Gil-Mar Paik possesses every city convenience and advantage. 

Remember 

"THE BUYING OF A HOME is a very important matter. 
You want VALUE with congenial and delightful surroundings. 
Get into a restricted district large enough to protect your property 
throughout your lifetime. Profit by the mistakes of others whose 
home locations have been ruined by hospitals, billboards, unsightly 
business houses and objectionable locations of barns and out- 
buildings." 

FOR PLAT AND PRICES OF LOTS APPLY TO 

INTER=STATE REALTY CO. 

711 Fleming Building 

Phone Walnut 3801 
W\ B. MARTIN, G. S. (HLBERTSON, W. H. HARWOOD, 

President Vlce-Preildtnt Secretary 



Plsase Mention "The Midwestern" In Answering Ads. We Would Appreciate It. 

N7 



88 



THE MIDWESTERN 




FURNITURE 

"The monarch oak, the patriarch of the 
trees, 
Shoots rising up and spreads by low 
degrees. 
Three centuries he grows and three cen- 
turies he stays 
Supreme in state, and in three more 
decays." 

— Dryden. 

The oak is the most majestic of for- 
est trees. It has heen represented as 
holding the same high rank among the 



plants of the temperate hemisphere as 
the lion does among the centipedes and 
the eagle among the birds ; that is to 
say, it is emblem of grandeur, strength, 
and duration — of force that resists, as 
a lion has a force that acts. Thus said 
Loudon. 

From the earliest days the oak has 
been regarded as the king of the forest, 
and of all the oaks that grow in var- 
ious parts of the world, the leading 
American varieties are regarded as the 
highest types. Suderth, in his check 




House and Pl»ni by Butmu 



Approximate cost finished in yellow pine with beech Boon, including plumb- 
ing and heating, $3,6C0 



If 



First Mortgage 
Farm Loans 

Netting the Investor 5 to 62 Per Cent. 
We offer giltedged first mortgages on 

lou>a, Minnesota and 
north Dakota Tarms 

netting the investor 5 to 62 per cent. Our 
loans are carefully selected on conservative 
valuations. Each farm personally inspect- 
ed before loan is made. Can furnish 
loans in amounts from $300 upward. 
Interest and principal collected and remit- 
ted to investor without expense. Cor- 
respondence and personal call invited. 

0. $. Oilbcrtson 

Crocker Building Des Iftoines, Iowa 



Please Mention "The Midwestern" in Answering Ads. We Would Appreciate It. 

89 



'.Ml 



THE MIDWESTERN 




list of trees, names seven-three varie- 
ties of oaks as growing over the United 

States. It is more than likely that Mr. 
Suderth's enumeration of the different 
species of oaks growing in this country 
falls considerably below the actual 
number, and when all the varieties are 
botanized it may be found that there 
are more than one hundred. 

In the manufacture of furniture, 
oaks are divided into two varieties — 
the white oak and the red oak. Of the 
white oak, the variety preeminently 
superior to all others is the quercus 



alba, and of the red oaks, quercus ru- 
bra. Botb white and red oak are of 
the beech family. The trees, even in 
forest growth, have broad tops with 
spreading branches; in height, they 
range from sixty to one hundred feet, 
and in diameter from one foot to six 
feet. The range of growth is from 
southern Maine and southwestern Que- 
bec, to central and southern Ontario 
and the lower peninsula of Michigan, 
southern Wisconsin and southern Min- 
nesota, and to southern Nebraska and 
eastern Kansas, southern and northern 




Bonn »nd Pimm In K:is(inaii 
X.i. 1 '6. —Approximate COlt tmislied in yellow pine stained and beech floors 
with heating and plumbing, $4,700 



FURNITURE 91 



All the New Rugs, 

Carpets and Draperies 

Can Be Assembled Here in De= 

lightful Harmony on One Immense Floor. 

It's a wonderfully simple matter to select carpets, rugs and draperies that 
will live together amicably in your home from our immense fifth floor sales- 
floors. Our purchases along these lines are always made with this idea in 
mind. Quarrelsome colors and designs in home surroundings are sufficient to 
disturb the sweet peace and happy dispositions of the best natured folk in the 
world. A harmoniously furnished home is doubly assured when the decora- 
tions are superintended by our consulting decorator. You'll find it pleasantly 
helpful to make an appointment with him, either at your home or in our store, 
to talk over the requirements of your home decorations, and there is absolutely 
no charge for his expert advice or any services that he may render. 

PIANO S 

C House, Off ice Q. Hotel \ A /Furnishers. 
HASE 4WEST 

Eighth Street Between Wednut fcV Locust. 



Florida and Texas. Depending on lati- ity the red oak of Michigan and Wis- 

tude on compensating altitude, the consin, unfortunately now practically 

blossoms appear in May or June. exhausted, grows along the entire 

The highest type of the white oak southern Appalachian range, while 

abounds in the region of which In- types of the white oak of practically 

dianapolis, Ind., is the center, and the the same quality and texture as the 

best class of red oak ever known grew largely depleted Indiana and Ohio 

in the southern peninsula of Michigan growth, still abound in Kentucky, Ten- 

and southern Wisconsin. Quercus rubra, nessee and Arkansas. White oak is 

fairly approximating in size and qual- strictly an American wood, one that 



Before buying your spring BUILDING MATERIAL call on 

The Pes Moines Building Material Co. 

WHOLESALE LOADERS AND SHIPPERS OF SAND AND GRAVEL 

Dealers in Dry Pressed and Impervious Faced Brick, Cement, Lime, 
Hard Wall Plaster, Mortar Color, Building Blocks and Building Brick 

813-815 CHERRY STREET DES MOINES, IOWA 



Please Mention "The Midwestern" in Answering Ads. We Would Appreciate It. 



93 



THE MIDWESTERN 



That Vexing Problem 

FURNISHING THE HOME 

Most Satisfactorily Solved 

You may try to figure it out by yourself, but you'll have your trouble for 
your pains. How much easier to come directly here and, with a thorough- 
ly experienced salesman, look about through the various stocks and decide 
right then and there — face to face with the furniture itself. 

We've furnished complete a thousand homes and 
more— and our Fall Stock contains a great many 
New Ideas that are shown here exclusively. 

Time Payments to Suit Your Convenience 



DAVIDSONS 

412-4I4--4I6-4I8 -WALNUT- ST. 



grows only in the United States and foreign market the only hardwood of 

Canada, save a small stand of Austrian the highest quality growing in abnn- 

oak, which is reported to be of ex- dance in the known world, 

cedent type and is in both home and White and red oaks are readily dis- 




l'arlors of the Hyperion Fielil anil Motor Club House 




J. H. Queal &, Co 

SEVENTH & CHESTNUT STREETS 




LUMBER |_ 



J. H. QUEAL <&, CO. 

EAST SECOND & GRAND AVENUE 



If Intending to Build 



?^|PiiP*r send $1.00 foi I k ol 

■■■*■■■!■ inexpensive houses with 
PRACTICAL SPECIFICATIONS. 
Nearly 100 plans and photos with 
costs $1000 to $10,000. 

LATEST AND BEST IDEAS 

C. E. EASTMAN CO.. Architects 

DES MOINES. IOWA 



Carpet Cleaning 

FEATHER RENOVATING 



D. G. Carnahan 

Phone 190 Walnut 764 Ninth Street 
DES MOINES, IOWA 



House 

Cleaning 

Time 



Is the time to get 

Hard Wood Floors Laid or 
Refinished, Screens Repaired 
and Odd Jobs taken care of. 

Call Phone 1965 East 

and Mr. Orcutt will call and i'm- vim rstimates. 



East Side Carpenter Shop, 621 East Grand Ave. 



Please Mention "The Midwestern" in Answering Ads. We Would Appreciate It. 

98 



!>4 



THE MIDWESTERN 





k 




* 






->*■'■ 




.^ai Bi^"*» ifl 




■ R4 






MACK OLSEN 

Member of the Executive Committee of the 
lies Moines Real Estate Exchange 



A. E. READ 

Of the Firm of Tones & Read, Real Estate 
and Insurance 



tinguished by their foliage; leaves of 
the white oak have rounded lobes, 
while those of the red oak are invari- 
able pointed. The hark of the white 
oak is also an aid in identification, as 
from its whiteness it gained its name. 
In physical structure the white oak 
is of a denser texture than the red. Tt 
receives and holds a higher polish, but 
it is inclined to vary more in color than 
red oak. (Quarter-sawed white oak is 
of much better figure than red, and has 
a more attractive splash. Hence il is 
used altogether in furniture when 



quarter-sawed : Red oak when quarter- 
sawed, has not nearly the well de- 
fined figure of white oak that is so 
highly regarded. Tn color red oak 
tends to be more uniform than white. 
Aside from the figure, choice of these 
woods simply resolves itself into a mat- 
ter of tastes, as both have about the 
same lasting qualities. 

"The tall oak towering (o the skies, 
The fury of the wind defies. 
From age to age in cirtue strong, 

Inured to stand and suffer long." 

— Montgomery. 



Philpott's Spring Bulletin 



The little tfirl who « rote 
an essav on "Spring" 
made a bll when the 
said: "Om beautiful 
thing about springtime 
is, that it always comes 
in the Bpring." 



"OBEY THAT IMPULSE." 

Buy an ACREAGE TRACT on the Urbandale car 

line with its rich soil, good neighborhood, and in 

the "RISINCi TIDE" of increased values. 



Come quick. 



I'rices are reasonable. 



. enns easy. 



Chas. H Philpott 



3rd Floor 
Crocker Building 



A. B. Coate 



Please Mention "The Midwestern" in Answering Ads. We Would Appreciate It. 



THE MIDWESTERN 



95 



Standard Glass* Paint Co. 

PAINTS AND VARNISHES FOR EVERY PURPOSE 



915-917 Walnut Street 



Phone Walnut 909 



FOR SALE 

The most beautiful building spot 
in Des Moines for $5,000 spot 
cash. 

This will double in value in two 
years. Superb place for a home. 
If you intend building in the near 
future come and see it, or if you 
want a sure investment, one worth 
while, come and see it. Native 
trees, Des Moines river at foot of 
the ground, over an acre of land. 
Everything favorable in the way of 
location, proximity to cars, schools 
and churches. 

Call at 507 GOOD BLOCK. 



A BOON TO THE AUTO TOURIST 

Every kind of grease, every particle 
of dust and grime which one is apt to 
gather when riding in an automobile 
can be taken from any sort of gar- 
ment by the processes in use at the 
dry cleaning establishment of the New 
Wardrobe. You might often hesitate 
to put on a gown or a coat you were 
very careful not to spoil, if going for 
a drive, unless you were so sure of the 
splendid cleaning process of the New 
Wardrobe. Many a garment has been 
taken to them which looked hopeless, 
and has come out as good as new so 
far as cleanliness is concerned. Send 
your old coat, veil, gloves, etc., to them 
and see what wonders they will per- 
form and what money they will save 
you . The New Wardrobe is certainly 
the autoist's best friend. 



In going through a settled district, al- 
ways be cautious. 



Beautiful Homes 

In City and Suburbs 

Are at our command and are rare 
bargains for a home or investment. 

Lots 50x192 Feet, at $200.00 
$i.00 Down, per week $i.00 

Lots and acres are in splendid locations, 
close to street car, store and school. 

NO CITY TAX. NO INTEREST. 

Pt\flt Rf rvo xo 7 Manhattan Building 

rOrU DTDS. Iowa Walnut 3659 



M. J. Corcoran 

Plumbing and Heating 

579 West 7th St. 

Des Moines, Iowa 

Telephone: Walnut 534. 



MANICURING, 


SHAMPOOING 
MASSAGE 

NELLE 


ELECTRIC FACIAL 
HAIR GOODS. 

WATKINS 


AND 


SCALP 




HAIR DRESSING PARLORS 








IOWA PHONE B765 






SUITE 4O0 


410 








UTICA BUILDING 


DES MOINES. 


IOWA 





If your car is equipped with four wheels 
of like size, it is a good plan to change the 
tires around occasionally, changing the 
wearing points. If one side of a tire is 
much worn, turn it around on the wheel. 



96 



THE MIDWESTERN 




ZOLLNAV 

The Famous Sculptor, who was a Guest of Mr. and 

Mrs. B. A. Loekwood during his recent 

visit to Des Moines 



A TRIBUTE TO THE MEMORY OF 
MRS. W. H. McHENRY 

Our thought reverts, and recalls to- 
day in sweet memory a beloved one, 
who but recently stood among us, sister 
and guide ; one who, in her personality, 
endeared herself to us. There radiated 
from her that quality of gentle justice 
which insensibly drew all who came 
within the circle of her acquaintance to 
lice genee of welcome, an assurance of 
fair dealing. A warmth of interest in in- 
dividuals as well as in the furthering 
of principles and purposes, seemed to 
emanate from her, as the breath of 
springtime from violets, purity from 
lilies anil perfume from roses. These 
characteristics clothing her as with a 
mantle of light, fitted her for the re- 
sponsible duties as Regent of Abagail 
Adams Chapter of the Daughters of 
the American Revolution, in which ca- 
pacity 1 best knew her. In whatever 
measure came before us for discussion, 
we felt a quiet assurance thai the gen- 
tle woman who sat at the helm would 
guide us safely through any shoals of 




PROF. FOREST C. ENSIGN 



Who will speak before the Women's Club, March 15 

under the auspices of the Home and 

Education Commitiee 






disagreement or diverse opinion, to cor- 
rect and harmonious decision. 

Our chapter felt a shock when we 
learned of her illness and of her suf- 
fering. Surely, if prayers and tender 
solicitude could have had power to 
loosen the bonds of illness she would 
have been resloerd to family and dear 
friends — to all — who loved her; but it 
was not to be, and over and beyond 
the sunset hills, awaited in the land of 
the blessed, others, more powerful than 
we, who still wait on this side the Hills 
of the Blessed. We lay our offering 
upon her bier today in appreciation of 
her worth— enduring love. 

Mrs L. F. Andrew. 



'MHHi&rotd 




TEN CENTS 
1 COPY 



IK IN. S. K. 1'KOI IT 
I 'ongressinnal ( lutdidate 



NOVEMBER, 1910 



ONE DOLLAR 
A YEA<R 



fe a w DE LUXE SETS 

AT THE COST OF THE SHEETS 

We have on hand a few sets of Hawthorne's Masterpieces and History of Literature, de luxe edition, 
in which some of the volumes are slightly marred — not enough to impair their real value, but sufficiently 
to prevent their shipment as perfect stock at the regular price, $35 a set. Rather than rebind such 

a small lot we offer them at about the actual cost of the 
sheets. For all practical purposes these sets are as good as 
new, They contain no torn or soiled pages, and the damage 
to the binding is so slight that even an expert could hardly 
detect it except by careful examination. This is indeed a rare 
opportunity for those who appreciate really good books. 

Hawthorne's Masterpieces 
and History of Literature 

Unquestionably the best and most satisfactory work of its 
kind ever published. It contains complete selections from \ll 
the leading authors, a history of literature, short biograph.cal 
sketches of authors, critical essays on the literature of :ach 
period, etc., etc. Edited by Julian Hawthorne, assisted by 
many of the foremost writers and critics of the day. 0- n- 
plete in 10 massive volumes, containing 5,000 pages anc over 
1,000 illustrations, including portraits of famous aut. ors. 
Hound in half-leather, de luxe style. 

The Gist of Everything Worth Reading 

The Masterpieces and History of Literature is the one in- 
dispensable work for the home. It takes the place of thou- 
sands of separate volumes, as it gives the best and most 
important works of all authors. Complete novels and chapters 
of fiction, humorous sketches, poetry, philosophy, history, 
travel, science, oratory, letters, essays, translations from 
foreign literatures, brief description oi the world's great 
books, biographies of authors, etc., etc. — all are included. It 
is a whole library in itself, summing up mankind's best and 
noblest thought — the chaff separated from the wheat. No 
book lover can afford to be without this great aid and key to 
literature. 




FREE— for 5 Days 

We will send you the complete set, 10 beautiful volumes, for five 
days' examination, if you mail the accompanying coupon promptly. 
Note our liberal offer. We prepay all express charges. You 
run no risk whatever. The regular price of the work is $35.00; M ^ % ^^.f/f^ 
we offer these few slightly rubbed sets at $19.50 ; payable *&£$?/**& 






$1.00 a month. 



The University Society 

78 Fifth Avenue, New York 






•V 4*-&&J id 'A .0 



-^jfW", 



A BUSY 
PROPRIETOR 




C. C. Christy is one of 
the men who ai - e "doin^ 
things" in Des Moines. 

With all eyes to the 
business possibilities of 
the city in the line of eat- 
ing places, he has estab- 
lished and is the manager 
and proprietor of no less 
than four different places. 
The Empire, 318 Eighth 
Street; The Quality Lunch 
'J05 Sixth Ave.; Mexican 
Parlors, second floor of 
the Watrous building and C. C. CHRISTY 

Christy's Cafe, 517 Mulberry Street. In all of these places the 
most perfect system is manifest, and they are noted for cleanli- 
ness and the excellence of the menu. 

Mr. Christy well understands the public demand for whole- 
some, well-cooked food, and caters to this demand with great 
success. The meats are perfectly prepared, the vegetables deli- 
cious while the pastry is conceded to be the finest in Des Moines. 

"Once a custo- 
mer at Chris- 



ty o, always a 
customer" has 
been well said 
and speaks 
vol u nines for 
this well 
known propri- 
eto r' s efforts 
to please the 
public. 




CHRISTY'S CAFE, 517 Mulberry St. 



The variety of 
dishes allows 
the most fasti- 
dious a gen- 
erous choice. 

Remem b e r 
the places, 517 
Mulberry St., 
318 Eighth 
St., 205 Sixth 
Ave. and sec- 
ond floor of 
Watrous bldg. 
all belonging 
to and oper- 
ated by 



C. C. CHRISTY 



A 

Lovely 
Picture 

NICELY 
FRAMED 
Makes a 
Most Ac- 
ceptable 

XMAS 
GIFT 

Qet the Picture and have it framed at the 




Hamilton Art Shop 



DES MOINES, IOWA 
202 Seventh Street 




Christmas is here: 

Winds whistle shrill, 

Icy and chill, 
Little we care, 
Little we fear 

Weather without, 

Sheltered about 
The mahogany-tree. 

Once on the boughs 

Birds of rare plume 

Sang in its bloom ; 
Night birds are we; 
Here we carouse, 

Singing like them, 

Perched round the stem 
Of the folly old tree. 

— Thackeray. 



Willcox - Howell - Hopkins Company 
INSURANCE 

We Represent the Strongest Line of Stock Companies 

Insuring Against FIRE, LIGHTNING, 

CYCLONES and RENTS 

LIABILITY INSURANCE and SURETY BONDS 

Telephone— Walnut 1082 Des Moines Life Bldg. 



Pleaae Mention "The Midwestern" in Answering Ads. We Would Appreciate It. 

2 






Light vs. Darkness 

When the sun sets and the long winter evening 
comes, does the appearance of your store suffer 
by the change on account of your poor lighting 
facilities? Have you a really satisfactory 
means of fighting this darkness each day after 
sundown? You appreciate, of course, that dark- 
ness is a barrier to business unless you are able 
to dispel it and make your store as cheerful and 
attractive at night as it is during the day. The 
gloomy store is never attractive — it does not 
arrest attention. 

Flood every corner of your store, your show 
window and sidewalk with powerful light. The 
use of .i^he inve/ted gas arc makes (this possible. 
Send for our representative. He will furnish 
full particulars. 

Des Moines Gas Company 

412-14-16 WEST SEVENTH STREET 



DECORATE NOW 

50 to 60 per ct. saved if you 
Decorate Your Home Now. 

PICTURE FRAMING 

We can save you money if you 
let us do your Xmas framing 

CAMPTON'S 



721 
LOCUST 



JOHN KINGSTON 

HATTER 



MEN'S FURNISHINGS 



Citizens National Bank Building 



Let Us Launder 
Your Shirt Waists 



T ADIES' dainty shirt waists are 
" laundered in a manner that 
delights every particular woman, 
at our laundry. 

Your waists are very carefully 
washed, are starched to just the 
degree of stiffness that makes 
them finish best, and they are so 
nicely ironed that they really look 
even daintier and prettier than 
when new. 

We deliver your shirt waists 
packed in stiff pasteboard boxes 
to prevent their mussing. 

Send your waists to us, and see 
how much nicer they appear. 



MUNGER'S LAUNDRY 

1109-1111 Grand Ave. 

PHONE 579 



Pleat* Mention "Th» MidwMtern" In Answering Ads. We Would Appreciate It. 

3 




Send Your Voice 

The wise housekeeper has a Bell Telephone. She finds it just as useful to her 
in her home as it is to her husband in his place of business. 

Her Bell Telephone has many uses. It not only keeps her in touch with 
her neighbors, but with relatives and friends in distant cities. 

Every Bell Telephone is a Long Distance Station 



IOWA TELEPHONE COMPANY 




JOSEPH 
JEWELRY 



is the solution for your every 
gift problem. You will find 
in our extensive exhibitions 
just what you wish for most 
appropriate Christmas Gifts 
at prices most reasonable. 

We invite you to inspect 
the pretty displays whether or 
not you intend purchasing. 
They will prove exceedingly 
interesting for gift buyers. 



S. Joseph & Sons 

Est. 1S71 
400-402 Walnut St. ■ DES MOINES 



Just For Ladies 

HARPER METHOD 

—OF— 

Shampooing 

Scalp Treatment 

Manicuring 

Thorough Efficient 

MASCARO TONIQUE 

BEST FOR THE HAIR 

Is used and may be procured at all 
HARPER METHOD OFFICES 
Branches in all cities. Write for list 

Martha Matilda Harper, Rochester, N. Y. 

MISS O'NEILL 

Des Moines Representative 
614-615 FLEMING BUILDING 

OPEN SEPTEMBER FIRST 



Please Mention "The Midwestern" In 



Answering Ads. We Would Appreciate It. 

4 



RICH AND BEAUTIFUL 

Furs for Xmas 

Fur Coats Fur Sets Separate Pieces 



Furs of quality and style— the kind that will give ut- 
most satisfaction in service and unbounded pleasure to the 
recipient. A gift of such character and excellence as will 
reflect the good judgment and appreciation of one who gives 
for things of the higher order--for practical yet royal gifts. 



Our lines are now both complete and comprehen- 
sive. All the Stylish Furs and latest effects are 
presented and at prices as pleasing as the qualities 
and styles. 



J # ^|andelbmjm &$om 







~ (§irS 






CHRISTMAS GOODS— 




THERE is no store in Des Moines that can come so riear to supplying the 
wants of those desiring good useable, useful gifts for those you will re- 
member. There are a few suggestions illustrated here, but there are hun- 
dreds of other articles in Leather that we will show you when you call, l'rices 
very reasonable. 



HARVEY-LONG TRUNK COMPANY 



621 Walnut Street 



DES MOINES, IOWA 



Please Mention "The Midwestern" in Answering Ads. We Would Appreciate It. 

5 



Christmas Suggestions 

A most complete Line of the Best Cameras made and at prices that will satisfy every pur- 
chaser. We are in a position to give you 25 per cent discount on all plate and film pack 
Cameras purchased before Christmas. We carry a complete line of Ansco films and do your 
developing and printing on Cyko paper, at a very moderate price. All the Chemicals used in 
Photography at the lowest market price. 



Cyko Developing Tubes 
Dark Room Lanterns 
Flashlight Powders, all kinds 
Souvenir Post Card Albums 
Ideal Portrait Lenses 
Bausch & Lamb Lenses 
Wollensack Velastigmat Lenses 
Goerz & Dellmeyer Lenses 
Tripods Metal and Wood 
Trimming Boards all sizes 
Plate Holders all sizes 
Printing Frames all size 
M. Q. Developing Tubes in Glass 



Developing Tanks 

Hammer Plates, Red and Blue Label 
Non-Halation Orthochromatic X-Ray and Lan- 
tern Slide Plates 
Cramer Plates I. S. O. and Crown 
Lumier Plates Sigma and X-Ray. 
Straight and Record Plates 
Seneca Film Pack Adapters, all Sizes 
Radioptican Gas or Electric, $5.06. 
Ansco Cameras, all sizes 
Newman & Guardian English Cameras 
Cyko Papers in All Sizes and Grades 
We have everything in the Photographic Line. 
Special attention given to Mail Orders. 



W. P- Henry's Drug Store 



819 WALNUT STREET 



DES MOINES, IOWA 



GET READY FOR CHRISTMAS 



The busiest people in Des Moines are the 
proprietors and employees of the New 
Wardrobe, which is famed for being the 
most-up-to-date dry cleaning and pressing 
establishment in Iowa. Anybody who 
knows Ed Crawford, well knows that he 
never does anything by halves. And this 
is the key to his great success with the 
Wardrobe. Almost impossible things are 
done there, much soiled garments coming 
from their hands looking like new. Just at 
present, all of the men in town are having 
their suits made new again, in honor of the 
approaching holidays. Also furs, party 
dresses, plumes and children's light dresses 
are receiving attention. Once upon a time 
a woman could hardly wear white in winter, 
but now, with the splendid service of the 
Wardrobe, many ladies gratify their taste 
for white and soft shades of grey or tan in 
the winter. A trial with the Wardrobe 
will convince anybody of the really mar- 
vellous results of their method. 



AN ACQUISITION IN MEDICAL 
CIRCLES 

Des Moines is fortunate in adding 
at intervals to the circle of fine physi- 
cians in the city who are attracted to 
the Capital as a central point for men 
who rank high in their profession. A 
recent newcomer is Dr. Chas. M. Col- 
lins, from Maquoketa, of the Physio- 
Medical School, which decries the use 
of poison or liquor in treatment. Dr. 
Collins comes to us with a fine record 
and has, in the short time since estab- 
lishing himself in Des Moines, begun 
a splendid practice and with many 
personal friends. Dr. Collins is located 
in Suite No. 402, Utica Building. 



CARPET 


GLEANING 


D. C. CARNAHAN 


MUTUAL 1541 


IOWA 90 X 


764 Ninth Street, 


DES MOINES. IOWA 



Please Mention "The Midwestern" in Answering Ads. We Would Appreciate It. 

6 




WALNUT AT EIGHTH 
The Trading Stamp Store 



No Xmas Gift More Sensible 
Or Gratifying Than a Afeiv 
SEWING MACHINE 



66 



WE HAVE THE LOCAL AGENCY FOR 

The FREE' 9 Machine 




Let us Save Ymi Money! Our 
Club plan of selling -The FREE" 
Machine proved such a big success 
during our recent special demon- 
stration that we have decided to 
organize a new 

"THE FREE" CLUB 

The real opportunity to save 
money through "The FREE" Club 
appeals to all women. This plan 
enables us to make a lower price on 
'"The FREE" than you have ever 
known for a high-grade machine 

Come and See 

The "Free" Machine 

This is the only way to realize 
its wonderful superiority. We 
might give you a page of talk and 
it wouldn't be worth as much as 10 minutes looking at the "Koto- 
cillo" movement, the biggest invention in Sewing Machines for 8(1 
years, the Automatic Shuttle Ejector, the Automatic Drawer- Lock- 
ing Device, the Rotary Spool Pin. the Automatic Tension Release, 
the Improved Head Latch, the Belt which won't come off. the Re- 
inforced Shuttle, the Automatic. Lift, the five yeans' insurance Pol- 
icy, etc., etc Remember our "The FREE" Club is a plan for get- 
tint,' together and saving money. It allows us to sell "The FttEfc." 

at a most remarkably low price of $35. OO 

Bay a machine for her Christmas present. 
See Our Leader Machine at 



$12.69 



Please Mention "The Midwestern" in Answering Ads. We Would Appreciate It. 



WITH THE EDITOR 



Merry Christmas and happy hearts 
to all our friends and readers! 

I hope Santa Claus will remember 
you all and also that you have helped 

him to remember others. 

* # • 

There has been much talk of late 
regarding the existence of dear 1 old 
Santa Claus and he surely does exist in 
the real sense. For the real things of 
earth are those which are unseen and 
eternal. Those things which we can 
touch and see with our mortal hands 
and eyes are the things which vanish 
and in reality never had existence. And 
Santa Claus, spiritually speaking, began 

when love began — and love is eternal. 

• • t 

To many of us for whom the past is 
but a memory and who have yearned so 
long for the "touch of a vanished hand 
and the sound of a voice that is still," 
Christmas is the saddest day of all the 
year. But for the children — it is what 
it is, and always will be, the childrens' 
holiday. For this reason, and because 



we always pray to become as little child- 
ren at this season of the year — we are 
using a lovely child's picture on the 
cover of the magazine, also showing 
you many lovely and darling children 
in Iowa, who are eagerly looking for- 
ward to Christmas day. Help to make 
them happy. 

* * * 

It has been our custom for four years 
to issue the holiday number on Dec. 15, 
as this date was more satisfactory for 
our holiday advertising. Our Xmas 
book this year is a matter of pride with 
us. If you like it why not get a copy to 
send to a friend? We would appreciate 

it and so would the friend. 

# # • 

"We wish to thank our good friends 
in Iowa for their enthusiastic support 
of The Midwestern during the year 
1910. We have taken a big step in ad- 
vance during the year. Help us to 
achieve something higher during the 
year 1911. Witli Tiny Tim, we breathe 
liis praver, "God bless you all!" 

CAROLYN M. OGILV1E 



HAVE THE GRACE THAT WINS 

Shoes, Like Women, Have Their Little Ways 

There is something about them that appeals or 
repels. That something is individuality. In seek- 
ing the trade of women, do not forget that they ad- 
mire those things that are graceful. They are dis- 
criminating and detect the subtle features of what 
is commonly termed "style." 

"Style' 1 means something besides the Hash and 
finish that sometimes are found without worth. 
It means the inherent beauty of a thing. Beauty 
in shoes differs from other forms. It means the 
lines must be there, the shape of the foot must be 
displayed to the greatest advantage and there must 
be something present besides tit- The GRKEN- 
WHEELER line has made more friends among its 
wearers than any shoe offered the trade for the 
length of time it has been on the market. 

Women who wear GREEN-WHEELER shoes 
are critical judges and they return for the same 
shoes. This means that they have given satisfac- 
tion. To the retail shoe dealer these qualifications 
have significance. They mean sales and that is 
the chief point in the shoe business. 

Green- Wheeler Shoe Co. 

FORT DODGE, IOWA 




Please Mention "The Midwestern" in Answering Ads. 

8 



We Would Appreciate It. 






IT STANDS ALONE 

In all the list of good things for the 
table, where menus are served for young 
and old, nothing has as yet been invented 
that can take the place of milk. One of 
the natural foods provided for humanity, 
we can never get away from the necessity 
for it. It therefore seems a pitiful thing 
that at times it seems impossible to pro- 
cure good, clean, pure milk for the table, 
especially for dwellers in cities. Des Moines 
is wonderfully fortunate in this respect, in 
having a dairy, all of whose product is 
sanitary and perfectly clean. The Iowa 
Dairy is noted far and wide for its output 
of pasteurized milk and cream, a luxury in 
every home, and which can be used with 
impunity by every member of the family 
from baby up to grandma. If their wagon 
does not serve you call up headquarters and 
leave your number. 



MAKING US FAMOUS 

Among the good advertisers for Des 
Moines is the Boston Lunch, standing as it 
does, alone in its class in Iowa. People 
come here from all around and almost every 
stranger is attracted to the Boston Lunch 
and finds it what he has long been search- 
ing for, a place where cleanliness, good 
cooking, wholesome food and moderate 
prices prevail. No long waiting to be 
served, makes the Boston Lunch the favor- 
ite place for busy people. During this 
Christmas season, hundreds of shoppers 
filled the room daily. All down town 
workers appreciate the fine cooking and 



Pure and Delicious 
Ice Cream 



A Specialty of Fancy Designs to order, 
also every variety of ices and sherbets. 
Party, Club and Wedding Orders filled in 
the most satisfactory manner. McFarland's 
special Brick Ice Cream can be bought at all 
first class drug stores. Give us your Christ- 
mas orders. 



McFarland Ice Cream 
Company 



9 9-921 West Locust Street 
Telephone Walnut 2256 



Path's Quick Lunch 



118 Sixth Ave. 



5, 10 and 15 cent Lunches 
Tables For Ladies 



You Can Get a Good Meal for 
J 5 to 25 Cents 

Our Coffee is the Best. We Bake 
Our Own Pastry 



many a dyspeptic has cured himself there. 
No wonder the Boston Lunch is a first- 
class advertiser for Des Moines. 



Visit Olsen 's for Xmas Gifts 

Fine Toilet A Hides, Perfumes and 
Novelties for Xmas 

Buy Your XMAS CANDIES HERE 
We carry the largest assortment of Xmas Candies in fancy packages, of 
anyone in the city. Sizes one half pound to five pound packages. 



OLSEN'S PHARMACIES 



SIXTH & LOCUST 
208 SIXTH AVE. 



Please Mention "The Midwestern" in Answering Ads. We Would Appreciate It. 

9 



Every housewife and mother is interested in pure milk'. TttEi FLYNN 
METHOD is their protection. All utdh'sifs w8h" which' the rifilk conies iri 
contact are thoroughly washed and sterilized before' and after using. Every 
operation reflects cleanliness. 

SCIENTIFIC CLEANLINESS 

Foot Note: — "You are cordially invited to visit our modern model dairy, 
at Seventh and University, which is always open for your inspection." 



A CAFETERIE AT LAST 

Mr. J. W. Welch is nothing, if not pro- 
gressive, and just now he is going to give 
to Des Moines what many have been long- 
ing for — a Cafeterie. On the fourth of 
December the Grand Tea Rooms were 
closed and opened on the tenth as the 
Grand Cafeterie. At present, only the Y. 
W. C. A. and the Y. M. C. A. dining 
rooms are on the cafeterie plan, and as 
these places serve but a few, the general 
public will be rejoiced to know that this 
popular mode of serving will at last be open 
to everybody who likes it. Everything will 
be homemade and the best that can be had. 
Serving will be from 1 1 to 2:30 and from 
5 to 8 p. m., on week days. In other places 
the cafeterie plan is immensely popular and 
as Des Moines has long been waiting for it, 
there is no doubt of the Grand Cafeterie's 
immediate success. 



SUBSCRIBE NOW! 

Wh\> not send "CHE JKIDWESTERN 
to one of your friends as a Christmas 
gift? It Would mafe a nice present. 



The Night Before Xmas 




ONE YEJR 



$1.00 



Belongs to Santa Claus — but Christmas Day and 
the H64 days following — belong to the children. 
You can make every one of the 364 days following 
one of Christmas remembrance for yourself as well 
as the children, by letting Santa Claus know in 
time that he is expected to have a Victrola or an 
Edison with him when he calls. The Victrola pre- 
sents the only means of adequately enjoying all 
classes of music and entertainment in the home. 

Think of the educational value you are giving 
the children with a Victor — to say nothing of its 
fun making capabilities. Comic or Grand Opera, 
Vaudeville, or the Popular Songs of the day, Bands 
or Orchestras, all are as faithfully reproduced as 
when originally rendered. We are sending you 
this PERSONAL INVITATION to call and'let 
us show you these new Viccrolas. Any hour of the 
day will be a convenient time to show and play it 
for you. Victors $17.50 to $60. Victrolas $75 to 
$200. Double Sided Records 65c and 75c. Edi- 
sons $12.50 to $65. Amberolas $200. Edison 
Records 35c and 50c. 



Harder (SL Blish 




Iowa Distributors 

Des Moines' Exclusive Victor-Edison Store 





OAJKEMTirAND CATE CO. 









What one desires in a cafe or restaurant, are clean linen, nice dishes, palatable food and good 
service. All of these requirements are met with at B0EKENH0FFS, the Popular Sixth Avenue 
Cafe. Their popularity is well deserved and their patronage of the very best the city affords. 
During the holiday season, shoppers will find this a most convenient luncheon place. 




Please Mention "The Midwestern" in Answering Ads. We Would Appreciate It. 



11 



Philpotts 
Real Estate Office 



on the 3rd floor of the Crocker Building is the 
place to buy Choice Acreage Tracts in 

Roseland and Colonial Acres 
on the Urbandale Car Line. Accommodating 
terms. Houses and inside business property 
for sale. We try to run an up-to date Real 
Estate Office. Sure — See Us. 



Chas. H. Philpott - A. B. Coate 



Your Holiday Dutch Lunches 



Will not be perfect unless 
you have 



OLD TAVERN BEER 

As an Accompaniment 

Refreshing, Delicious and HealtH-Giving 

Manufactured in Des Moines 
by the 

Des Moines Beer Co. 



12 



Sheffield Silver: Many Select Pieces; 
*> ,'lGifts i of Beauty and Service 

NO GIFTS are more beautiful or will carry with them more 
lasting appreciation than Sheffield Plated ware. We have 
•assembled large and varied lines of the most popular pieces 
in this celebrated Ware for Xmas and Holiday purchasing. Shef- 
field Plate is noted both for its beauty and its great durability. 
One of its noteworthy features lies in the fact that it retains its 
charm, newness to the last. 

SERVING TRAYS. ALL SIZES BON BON -DISHES; ALL STYLES 
COFFEE URNS & TEA SETS STEAK & SANDWICH PLATES 

BREAD AND CAKE TRAYS GRAVY BOATS J1ND TRAYS 

RICH VEGETABLE DISHES PRETTY FANCY VjlSES 

The Harris-Emery Company 

DES MOINES, IOWA 



THE MIDWESTERN 



Table of Contents 



The Hamiltons, Story — W. Carey Wondtrly - - 17 

Conservation — Henry Wallace ... 25 

The Proving of Santa Claus, Story— - - 30 

Greatest Cereal Exhibition Ever Held in Iowa — /. W. Johnson - 37 

Des Moines Friends of Santa Claus - 38-58 

Giving — Joetta Haines Combs - - 59 

Grain Improvement Day at the Corn Show — G. E. Wells 60 

Story of Hyperion Field and Motor Club - - - 6? , 

Music Department .... 86 

Library Table - - 92 

r ENTERED AT DES MOINES POST OFFICE AS SECOND CLASS MATTER . 

' , / T ■ ■ I .1 ' ' ! ' \ I i / \ ' I ■ 'v ,V1 

TERMS: $1,00 A YEAR Copyright I ?0$— All %ighh Reientd 

13 




A DAINTY WATCH 

A Lady's Watch should he a daintv, beautiful ornament, but really the ornament part is 
only secondary. You don't want a watch, no matter how pretty it is, unless it keeps good time, 
do you? You can buy here a watch that is both a beautiful ornament and an accurate, thorough- 
ly reliable time-keeper — one you will always take pride in wearing because of its accuracy and 
beauty. Such a watch is really necessary if you are to be prompt in your engagements and duties. 

Come in and examine our watches. 

SCHLAMPP'S 

SIXTH AND LOCUST 



LIFE AND LETTERS OF 

Edmund Clarence Stedman 



Large Svo, 



By Laura Stedman and George M. Gould 

2 volumes, 16 illustrations, $7.50 net. By express, $S.oo 



"A posthumous autobiography," is what Colonel William C. Church calls this remarkable work, adding, "in this book 
Stedman speaks to his friends again. " 

Miss Stedman herself, who was her grandfather's literary assistant for years, calls the book "an autobiographic bio- 
graphy." This work unquestionably is the finest piece of American biography in recent years. 



THE STORY OF 

CHANTICLER 

By Prof. M. F. Ljhkrma 
i2mo t 75c net. By mail, 82c. 

A brilliant, sympathetic ac- 
count of the play, its concep- 
tion, writing, and first per- 
formances. 



FOR CHILDREN BIG AND LITTLE 

THE GREEN DOOR 

By Mary F-. Wii.kins Freeman 

Colored Illustrations and decorated borders, 75c net. 
By mail, 85c. 

A story of the most delectable quality and of universal 
charm. It is the sort of child story that becomes celebrated 



The Christy Book for 1910 

SONGS OF 
SENTIMENT 

With 16 color drawings by 

Howard Chani.kk Christy 

Boxed, $1,50 net. 

By mail, $1.65. 



MOFFAT, YARD & CO. 



NEW YORK 



Please Mention "The Midwestern" in Answering Ads. 

14 



We Would Appreciate It. 



There's a Song in the air 

There's a Star in the sky 

There's a mother's deep prayer 

Jlnd a baby's low cry; 

And the Star rains its fire while the 

beautiful sing, 
For the manger of Bethlehem cradles 

a King. 

In the light of that Star 
Lie the ages impended 
And that song from afar 
Has swept over the world. 
Every breath is aflame, and the beauti- 
ful sing, 
In the homes of the nation, that Jesus 
is King. 











I 



ATTORNEY-GENERAL BYEI 

Mr. Byers is conceded by the best men in Iowa to be the most fully equipped of any can> 
for the Junior Senatorship of Iowa, to represent us in the Congress of the United States. He is by far 
the most promising man in the field. Aside from his well known ability, he has a large following 
true and tried friends who intend seeing him elected to this important office. 



' 



The Midwestern 



VOLUME V 



DECEMBER, 1910 



NUMBER 4 



THE H AMILTONS 

W. Carey Wonderly 



NBVEE was mortal man more 
thankful for an invitation 
than was I, William Sedley 
when the Hamiltons asked me 
to spend Thanksgiving Day with them 
at their cottage in Jersey. I sincerely 
like the Hamiltons. I was Tom's best 
man when he and Kate were married 
at the Little Church, two years ago, 
and before that, even, we had all been 
the best possible friends, and had 
"done" things together in our earliei 
Bohemian days. 

For Kate Annersley and Nora Fil ■* 
kins had had their studio just across 
the hall from Hamilton and myself, 
and many's the time we had all made 
merry together over a rabbit or a cup 
of tea. It had frankly grieved me 
when Tom and Kate were married. 
They cheered me by saying that this 
was but the beginning of better 
things, but I knew it heralded in an 
altogether different reign — especiallj' 
as they set up their household gods 
together, and Tom left me with an 
expensive studio on my hands. And 
perhaps it was something like this 
which made Nora give up the old An 
nersley-Filkins studio and go home to 
Maryland. Or was it because we quar- 
reled? I hardly know, and have never 
dared ask her. 

Anyway, the Hamiltons took a very 
grand place uptown for a while, and 
Kate continued to draw, and Tom to 
write, and I formed the very pleasant 
habit of dropping in for a chafing dish 
supper of a Sunday evening. This 
lasted just three months. Then they 
happened upon some real money, Kate 
either sold a picture, or Tom had n 



book published, and they straightway 
bought a cottage over in Jersey. On 
Thanksgiving morning the invitation 
came. I had just had one of my plays 
accepted by a popular woman-star, 1 
remember, and all of my friends were 
asking me how I had done it, and what 
I had said to her to make her take it. 
So much for one's friends. 

I had my studio then in Fifty-some- 
thing street, and I looked up a time- 
table and found that a train left the 
Jersey side for Paradise Park at eight- 
thirty. I decided to go by the early 
train and put in a whole day in the 
country — the nearest I had been to the 
country in years being Claremont or 
Sheepshead. 

I got up early and dressed myself. 
It was almost indecently early, in fact, 
for I saw a milkman just making his 
rounds, and I knew by Tom's fiction 
that milkmen are always associated 
with the wee sma' hours of the morn- 
ing. Anyway, I had finished my 
breakfast by seven o'clock, and at 
eight I was crossing over to Jersey. 

The train was not ready when I 
reached the station, and I lounged 
around for a half hour until it was 
called. Then I learned that there was 
no club-car attached and that I would 
be obliged to travel in a day coach. 
Now, day coaches are all very well in 
their way, only they are pretty sure 
to be full of draughts and crying 
babies, and I am neuralgic and a bach- 
elor. But there was nothing to do but 
to take it, or to leave it, so I bought 
my ticket and climbed aboard. 

T was right — both about the draught 
and the baby. Before we had gone a 



18 



THE MIDWESTERN 



mile I felt the one and heard the 
other. I turned my head as well as J 
could, my neck was stiffening, and 
saw the baby — in the arms of Nora 
Filkins ! You could have bought me 
for a penny. 

I hadn't seen Nora since the Hamil- 
tons had tried double harness, and all 
of the letters I had written her and 
mailed down to Maryland were as 
promptly returned unread. I stole an- 
other look at the baby with its weak 
neck and watery blue eyes, and I fan- 
cied I had found the reason for my 
unopened epistles. But somehow I 
never thought Nora's baby would look 
like that. It was not pretty— far from 
it! 

Perhaps because of the baby, and 
perhaps because of my neck, I was in 
a decidedly bad humor when I stepped 
off the train at Paradise Park. And 
the park didn't put me in a better one 
either. There was not a single house 
other than the little railroad station in 
sight. I swore aloud and then apolo- 
gized as I bumped against a lady. 

"Oh, it doesn't matter in the least 
— knock me down, walk over me, Mr 
Sedley," came an indignant voice. 

I am near-sighted, but it didn't need 
my glasses, which I carry in my 
pocket, to tell me that the voice be- 
longed to Nora Filkins. 

"Nora!" I cried. "I say — you! — 
here!" 

'Mr. Sedley," she returned with 
hauteur, "will you let me pass?" 

I looked at her for several minutes 
in silence, and undoubtedly Nora Fil- 
kins is the prettiest creature that ever 
drew soap advertisement for a liveli 
hood. Then as. I- looked I started in 
surprise. The baby was gone ! 

"Where is it?" I gasped weakly. 

"Where is what?" she gave me with 
a coldness that chilled the atmosphere. 

"The baby." 

She grew pink to the tips of her 
ears, but her voice came to me, upon 
my word, in solid blocks of ice. 

"Do you mean the child I was hold 
ing in the train? Because if you do, 
I gave it back to its mother when — " 

"Thank Heaven!" I interrupted 
piously, and she grew pinker, if possi- 
ble, than before. "If you only knew 



what a relief your words are to me — " 

"You mean you thought — " she be- 
gan and stopped, coughing discreetly 
behind her gloved hand. 

"Thought what?" I hazarded. 

She touched thoughtfully the big 
golden chrysanthemum at her waist, 
and glared at me with her wonderful 
brown eyes. 

"What did you think?" she dc 
manded. 

"What do you think I thought?" 1 
fenced, to gain time. 

"Why, you thought — you couldn't 
have thought — " She gave me an in- 
dignant look and turned on her heel. 
"Billy Sedley, you always were an 
idiot ! ' ' she said over her shoulder. 

I meekly acquiesced and followed 
her down the platform. 

"Nora," I whispered in her ear, "if 
you only knew how glad I am that 
what I thought — that what you think 
I thought — that what I think you 
thought I thought — " 

"That will do," she said coldly. "If 
you follow me further I shall call a 
policeman." 

There was not a soul in sight. Evi- 
dently this thought struck us at the 
same time, for she turned around 
quickly and we both burst out laugh- 
ing. 

"You are a born idiot!" she said, 
graciously enough to be sure, and 
rather as if it were h complimer.t. 

"I know it," I nodded. "You used 
to tell me that even in the old studio 
days, but, Nora, I have sold Heart's 
Haven, nevertheless. Honest — there 
now !" 

Her brown eyes opened in sheer sur- 
prise and her red, red lips parted 
slightly. 

"Billy! Whom did you hypnotize?" 
she cried. 

Again! That was what everybody 
asked the moment I told them the joy- 
ful tidings. 

I mentioned the name of the star 
who had accepted my puy. and iVliss 
Filkins gave me the most withering 
glance ever bestowed upon mortal 
man. 

"I don't believe you," she told me 
deliberately, which was an insult to 
both my veracity and my play. 



THE HAMILTONS 



19 



"Cross my heart!" I cried, but even 
this failed to draw from her more than 
a disdainful shrug of her shoulders. 

Presently she drew her chinchilla 
stole around her neck as the air was 
crisp and frosty, and started off up a 
long, steep road. 

"Nora!" I called. 

"If you follow me I shall scream 
for help," was thrown at me over her 
shoulder. "Now don't you — " 

"But Nora, Miss Filkins — " 

She turned and glared at me with 
flashing eyes. "If you dare to follow 
me I will — I will — do something des 
perate!" she cried. "Now I mean 
what I say, Billy Sedley." 

I turned meekly away, and she went 
up the long, steep road. But Nora is 
right — I am indeed a born idiot. I had 
proven it. But I had sold "Heart's 
Haven," and a check from the dis- 
criminating star who had bought it 
was resting even then in my coat 
pocket. 

I waited until Nora had turned a 
sharp corner in the road, and then I 
followed her, walking slowly. It was 
very plain to me that she had been in- 
vited, like myself, to spend Thanks 
giving Day at the Hamiltons, and it 
was equally plain that it had not 
dawned upon her yet that I was bound 
for the same place. When I did ar 
rive, a little after her entrance upon 
the scene, I could imagine her face 
and her remarks. 

As I remembered her ever-sharp 
tongue and keen wit, I weakened and 
would have turned back home. But a 
bachelor's fiat is a pretty lonely place 
when all's said and done, and especial- 
ly on a holiday. Thanksgiving Day, 
of all days of the year, I wanted some- 
thing else. So I went on to the Hamil- 
ton cottage, the thought of roast tur 
key and pumpkin pie drawing me 
there like a giant magnet. 

Tom met me at the door, all smiles 
and hearty welcomes, big, blustry, 
loud-voiced. 

"Congratulations, Bill, old man," ho 
said, and patted me on the back, grip- 
ping my hand tightly. "Mighty glad, 
so's Kate! Shake'" 

"Thanks, Tommy," I nodded. T was 
thankful indeed that he had not asked 
me how I had hypnotized the star into 



accepting Heart's Haven. "Lucky, 
eh?" I grinned. 

"Always were," he returned. 

He led me proudly into the living 
rooms filled with Kate's pictures and 
his own books. It was cozy and 
comfy, I can tell you, and a far sight 
better than an apartment in Fifty 
something Street. Again I thought of 
my check and Nora — and sighed. 

"The girls are upstairs — they'll be 
down in a minute," he said cheerfully. 
"Why, what are you looking so glum 
about, old fellow? Little quarrels will 
happen even in the best- regulated fam- 
ilies, ha-ha! Katie will fix it all righl 
— leave it all to her." 

I swore softly. Evidently Nora had 
arrived in a bad humor and had told 
them all about the baby. No doubt the 
girls were upstairs now having a good 
laugh at my expense. I didn't believe 
that Kate was trying to fix things for- 
me at all! Kate and Nora had always 
been in league against us in the old 
days. 

"So Nora told you?" I asked, ac- 
cepting a cigar and lighting it. "What 
did she say?" 

"She didn't," he returned. 

I started. "Who then?" I cried 
quickly. 

"We just guessed it, or rather Kate 
did," he nodded. "You know these 
literary people have a way of guessing 
things that beats Old Nick, Billy. 
Kate's a wonder! As soon as we met 
Nora in the hall, we knew all about it 
— or Kate did. 'A quarrel,' she whis- 
pered to me. 'I'll take her upstairs 
with me, and you keep him downstairs 
with you. Use tact, Tom,' she said. 
And, by Jove, she was right, too!" 

"It wasn't our first quarrel," I told 
him, slightly nettled at his superior 
tone. "In fact, we never meet but 
we quarrel," I added. "We quarrel 
whenever we are within a mile of each 
other! We — we like to quarrel!" 

"Je-ru-salem!" he cried, and whis- 
tled a bar or two of a popular song 
of the day. 

"I'm glad I'm married, glad I've 
got a wife — 

Yes, she does!" 

I frowned. "It's nothing like that!" 



20 



THE MIDWESTERN 



I said, tossing my cigar in the grate. 
"You don't understand." 

"Of cour'se not!" he apologized. "1 
wasn't making comparisons at all," 
and lapsed into dignified silence. 

"The girls" did eventually "come 
down," Nora haughty and speechless, 
Kate Hamilton all smiles and small 
talk. 

"I am so glad you dear people 
came," she cried graciously. "We 
haven't much in the pantry, to be sure, 
and our cook left us yesterday with- 
out warning, but I do want to show 
you my new picture, and did Tom tell 
you? — his latest book is among the six 
best sellers! Isn't that perfectly 
splendid?" 

For an hour I sat and smoked Tom's 
cigars, and listened to Kate's chatter, 
and never once did Nora Filkins ad- 
dress a word in my direction. The 
Hamiltons pretended not to notice any- 
thing amiss, and for this I was truly 
grateful. Still it was a trying hour, 
and I was glad when Kate suggested 
that we all go and get luncheon. So 
we sailed out to the kitchen. 

For once, Kate hadn't turned to fic- 
tion for help. The pantry did not con- 
tain much — in fact, it held uncomfort- 
ably little. 

"But we have some of that soup 
that comes in tins, and only needs hot 
water and other things to make it taste 
almost like real soup, and Tom can 
make a rabbit, and Nora can make 
some fudge," cried Kate cheerfully. 
'Of course we ought to have turkev on 
Thanksgiving Day, but I as so excited 
about Tom's book, and Tom was so 
excited about my picture, that wc 
both forgot to order one. And then 
the cook had to walk off— it's outra- 
geous I" 

"Why did your cook leave, Kate?" 
asked Nora. 

' ' Oh-h ! ' ' Kate shrugged her shoul- 
ders and laughed indifferently. "I in- 
sisted on her reading Tom's books, and 
then I asked her to pose for me in a 
black veil and with a rose in her hair 
for a Spanish duenna — she was almost 
regal-looking, and it's so hard to get- 
models to come out here. But what 
do you suppose she did — and said? 
Why, just put on her hat and coat and 
said 'I'm a respectable cook-lady,' and 



off she went. Sailed out! I was al- 
most angry, but Tom laughed, and, 
anyway, she wouldn't even dust hi? 
books, and never once while she wai 
here did she show a spark of interest 
in my pictures." 

"She must have been a very good 
cook indeed!" said Nora dryly. 

" She was !" cried Kate. "But so in- 
human — not an idea outside of the 
kitchen. Billy, suppose you open this 
tin of soup — you do open it, don't you? 
Take your penknife — that's it." 

After an hour of hideous noises and 
worse smells, luncheon was declared to 
be ready. The kitchen range wouldn't 
burn, and as they hadn't gas in the 
cottage, the gas range that Tom had 
so thoughtfully given Kate on her last 
birthday was, of course, useless. 
Everything had to be cooked in an old 
chafing dish, which, it happened, Kate 
had kept from her old studio days in 
New York because it "looked good" on 
the dining-room sideboard. So into it 
was emptied the rabbit and the fudge, 
the tea and the soup, and in turn pre- 
pared, only by the time the rabbit was 
ready, the soup was stone cold and the 
tea was sickly warm. 

I heard Nora groan as we sat down 
at table, but the Hamiltons only 
laughed and Kate quoted a verse from 
Tom's last book. Of the luncheon the 
fudge and the biscuits were very good 
— they were store biscuits, the kind 
that come in packages and Kate didn't 
make them — but the tea and the soup 
and the rabbit — made without ale— ! 

"Oh, where is that inhuman cook?" 
cried Nora as she tasted the soup, and 
hastily put it from her. 

"Yes, wasn't she?" cried Kate. 
"Here, Billy, do have some rabbit. 
Isn't this delightful? — just like a pic- 
nic ! Tom, you must put our Thanks- 
giving Day in your next book, dear. 
Aren't we having a lovely time, 
though?" 

Nora pushed back her chair and 
stood up. "It is really chilly in this 
room," she declared. "Suppose we go 
back to the living room ? We can take 
the fudge and biscuits in there." 

"But what are we going to do with 
the rabbit and the tea and the soup?" 
pried Kate aghast. 



THE HAMILTONS 



21 



Nora looked at me and said nothing. 

I shook my head. "Lord knows," 
answered piously. 

Nora leading the way, we moved 
over to the living room, but there, too, 
the air was unmistakably damp and 
chilly. I sneezed. I couldn't help it 
— and Nora turned a suspicious face 
to Tom Hamilton. 

"Tom," she said, "has the furnac* 
fire gone out?" 

Whereupon I sneezed again and 
Kate clapped her hands and laughea 
idiotically. 

' ' Oh, suppose it has ! ' ' she cried. 
"We'll have to go to bed to keep 
warm ! ' ' 

I coughed and Nort moved silently 
over to the piano. 

"It hasn't been tuned for ages," 
apologized Kate, as Nora touched the 
keys. "You see, we have so little tima 
for anything but — " 

"Yes, but pictures and books," nod- 
ded Nora. "You and Tom are celebri- 
ties — as is Billy Sedley! Well, we 
can't all of us be cooks, I suppose." 

"But I can appreciate a good din- 
ner, and I like a warm room all the 
same," I cried eagerly, and Nora act- 
ually smiled in my direction. I would 
have gladly spent another hour in that 
draughty room for another smile like 
that. 

Then Tom, who had gone down the 
cellar, returned with the information 
that the furnace fire had indeed gone 
out — "left us like our cook-lady," he 
put t humorous y. 

"What shall we do?" he asked. 
"Bill, what would you suggest, eh?" 

"Can't you build another fire?" 1 
asked. 

"I never have," he said dubiously. 
"Oh, no," cried Kate. "He never 
has!" 

Nora threw me another little smile 
and walked toward the door. 

"I'll take my hat and coat, please, 
Kate," she said. "I think I have just 
time to catch the four-thirty back to 
town, and I had better go. Next sum- 
mer now — " 

"But you came to eat Thanksgiving 
■dinner with us!" cried Kate. "You're 
not ill, are you, dear?" 



"You're a fine pair to run away like 
that," said Tom. "You don't mean 
it?" 

"Yes," said Nora. Suddenly she 
turned a smiling face to them and held 
out both her hands with a pretty, gra- 
cious gesture. 

"You can come back to New York 
with Billy and me, and have dinner at 
Sherxy's," she cried. "We'd like it so 
much. Do come, please!" 

For a brief moment the Hamiltons 
were speechless, then: 

"We haven't been to New York in 
months," demurred Kate. 

"I hardly think we can," said Tom, 
looking at his wife. 

"No, no, we can't," she returned 
quickly. "You see," she added, 
laughing, "we're so happy and con- 
tented here that we don't care to leave 
the cottage even for a Thanksgiving 
dinner at Sherry's." 

"Not on your life!" said Tom. 
"We're jolly well satisfied here— - 
thanks just the same." 

So Kate and Nora went upstairs and 
presently they came back and joined 
us, Nora with her pretty smart hat and 
urs on and the golden chrysanthemum 
tucked in at her waist. Tom fetched 
my overcoat and stick and we started 
for the door. 

"I'm sorry you're going, but we've 
had a lovely time, haven't we?" cried 
Kate. "Tom and I enjoyed having 
you so much, and we behaved just like 
children at a party, didn't we? — every- 
thing so en famille ! Come out again 
real soon — some Sunday, won't you?" 

Nora and I promised in one breath. 
What else could we do with such do 
lightful people? 

"So long, then," cried Tom. "We're 
sorry you are going so soon — I had 
looked forward to a long, pleasant 
evening and a little music — Nora still 
sings? Good-hy. " 

"And we'll come in and take dinner 
with you at your home some day, al- 
though we haven't been asked, to be 
sure," laughed Kate. "Are you 
housekeeping or boarding, dear? Not 
boarding, I hope, because they do feed 
one terribly in a modern boarding 
house. Of course, though, now if 



22 



THE MIDWESTERN 



Billy's play is accepted, you can af 
ford quite a smart hotel," and she 
laughed again, and kissed her hands 
to us as we went away down the hill. 

After we had gone some distance, 
and the Hamilton cottage was lost in 
the turn in the road, I stole a glance 
at Nora's face. 

"Nora!" I cried. 
"Billy I" she cried. 

1 looked at her. She was choking 
with laughter. "They think—" I be- 
gan. "At least I think they think — " 

She nodded. "Yes, I know," she 
interposed hurriedly, but she was still 
smiling for all that. 

"They think we are married 1" L 

said boldly. "Did you? Of course 

you didn't though. Still I wish— "I 
stopped lamely. 




She made no answer. This, I rea 
soned, was a good sign. Nora is not 
usually silent when there is anything 
to be said. 

"Nora," I began presently. 

"They think — that — because we 
both happened in together," she mui- 
mured. "Both Tom and Kate acted 
sort of queer from the very first, but 
I never guessed until we were going 
away .that they thought — that. Did 
you ? ' ' 

"Well, Tom congratulated me, but I 
thought it was about my play," 1 
laughed. 

She laughed again. "It was because 
we just happened in together," she 
said. "It must have been that." 

"But I was invited to Thanksgiving 
dinner," I explained. "Kate and Tom 
wrote to me — " 




Winter Scenery 




Along the River in January 



Then Nora Laughed again, such a de- "I am." I nodded emphatically, 

liciotu ripple, and it seemed as if all "And if every fellow in New York 

the world was laughing with her. knew how great it is to be an idiot, 

"Oh, I sec it now," she cried. "1 we'd have a city fully of crazy people 

wasn't asked — I just happened in, and ( or bands, dearest. And as for 

when we came together, they thpught Thanksgiving Day, this lias surely 

— that!" been one for me. Why, I'm so thank- 

"Well, why shouldn't they think fill tor — this — " 
it'.'" I asked holdlv. "Because von 



know it's going In he true very short- 
ly now — why not tonight, Nora?" 

She was silent for a moment and Hie 
next turn brought us in sight of the 
stat ion. 

"(Mi, Billy," she cried. "How 

bow unusual, I always said you were 
an idiot—" 



Three hours later when we sat tete- 
a-tete at a window table at Sherry's, 
and Nora Filkins had signed her name 
Nora Sedlev (sounds mighty fine, 
Nora Sedley, eh?) for the Brsl time — 
en tin' menu card Id see how it looked 

she leaned across the chrysanthe 
muni centerpiece and said : 



24 



THE 



MIDWESTERN 



"Do you know, Billy, I don't believe 
Kate and Tom realized why we went 
— home? The bad luncheon, the tire- 
less house, sans cook, sans dinner, sans 
everything, Billy — they didn't mind 
those things one bit. I should have 
scolded terribly, like the shrew I am, 
but Kate — They are very, very happy 



together, Billy, but then they're such 

idiots — " 

"Haven't you always called me an 
idiot?" I asked, half seriously, albeit 
I smiled. "If that is all one needs to 
be happy, Nora, then we've moved 
straight to Paradise tonight!"- - 

— Young's. 




MRS L. K. WVNN 

Vice-President of llie Illinois Federation of Women's Clubs. 

Mrs. Wynn was a guest in Des Moines, her former home, during the past month and was royally 

entertained by her many friends 




REV. HENRY WALLACE 

EditOZ of Wallace's Farmer 

Mr. Wallace is wlial Theodore Roosevelt terms, of the finest type of American citizen, lie has been 
placed by President Tafi at the head of the National Conservation movement 



CONSERVATION. 



Henry Wallace 



I he word conservation is very generally 
misunderstood, and many of the popular 
objection! to it prow out of this misunder- 
standing. It does not mean to hoard for 
future use, but a wise present use, looking 



to the future as well as the present. It 
is the opposite of extravagance or waste ; 
but it does not propose to hoard solely for 
the future resources which may be wisely 
used in the present as well as the future. 



26 



THE MIDWESTERN 



Regarded nationally, it means that the 
resources which are now the property of 
the United States, which it has not yet 
thrown away or allowed to pass into the 
hands of private individuals by theft, either 
under the forms of law or without law, 
shall be retained as the property of the 
United States in the most economical and 
profitable way. 

In other words, it means that the for- 
ests which the United States owns shall be 
administered as a trust for the benefit of 
the whole people, by protecting them from 
fires, and by sale to private individuals and 
to great corporations ( for such corporations 
are necessary) of the ripe timber, at the 
same time taking measures for the mainten- 
ance of the stand. In other words, the 
United States should do for its people what 
Germany and other foreign countries do 
for theirs. 

Conservationists believe that it is imper- 
ative that the forests on the great water- 
sheds, where our streams have their rise, 
should be maintained as a source of supply 
of water for power, for irrigation and for 
navigation. They believe that the moun- 
tain sides, which are and always will be 
unfitted for agriculture, should be kept in 
standing timber to prevent erosion, which 
would necessarily follow on their removal, 
filling up the streams and rendering them 
unfit for navigation in the future, when 
they will be imperatively needed. 

Conservationists believe that water pow- 
ers on navigable streams should not pass 
into the hands of great corporations without 
restrictions ; nor on the other hand, should 
they be allowed to go on unimproved for all 
time to come. They hold that these power- 
sites should be leased for a long period, say 
fifty years, and at a reasonable rate, not so 
much for the national income, as to pre- 
vent monopoly and secure to the people for 
all time to come needed power for manu- 
facturing, transportation, lighting and heat- 
ing. 

Conservationists believe that not an acre 
of coal should be sold to individuals. They 
believe that the vast amount of coal still in 
the hands of the government should be con- 
served ; that it should be leased for a reas- 
onable term of years in such areas as will 
permit economical working, thus preventing 
a monopoly of coal such as now exists in 
the anthracite regions and to some extent 
in the bituminous regions. 

Out side of the government lands there 
is very little phosphorus, comparatively 



speaking, in the United States. This has 
largely gone into the hands of great corpor- 
ations, many of them Belgian, and it is 
said that one-half of the phosphorus mined 
goes abroad. Phosphorus is the limited 
element of fertility over nine-tenths of the 
United States. It is being used more and 
more every year. The limited supply com- 
ing at present from the southern states 
alone. Hence conservationists believe that 
the agricultural resources of the Unked 
States in the future will be limited to the 
supply of phosphorus. Hence they insist 
that no phosphate lands should be sold, but 
retained as the possession of the whole peo- 
ple, and leased like the coal lands, to pri- 
vate capital that is able to develop them, 
thereby preventing a monopoly of the lim- 
ited element of fertility in the- lands of al- 
most the entire country. 

The same is true of oil and gas and 
every other undeveloped resource. In short, 
conservationists believe that the United 
States should do just what other civilized 
countries are doing; that it should treat its 
timber lands and coal much as Canada treat 
these resources that belong to the Dominion 
government. 

Someone may ask, "Why is it that we 
heard little or nothing about conservation 
until within recent years?" Simply be- 
cause Mr. Pinchot and those who worked 
in sympathy with him discovered but a few 
years ago, that the best of the water powers 
on the Pacific coast, in the inter-mountain 
states, in the southern states and in some 
of the western states, had gone into the 
hands of great electric corporations with 
largely 'a common ownership ; and that un- 
less something was done, they would pass 
into the hands of a monopoly which would 
be more hateful, more damaging and more 
crushing than any monopoly in coal or oil 
or steel or sugar, that has ever been devel- 
oped under our lax corporation laws in 
the United States of America. The oppo- 
sition to cor servationinthe broad national 
sense arises primarily from these corpora- 
tions, and secondly, from the creatures of 
these corporations that hold high positions 
in the councils of the nation. 

Aside from the national aspect of con- 
servation, every state in the Union has its 
own peculiar conservation problems. In 
Iowa, for instance, the coal has long since 
passed into private ownership. The con- 
servation of coal is therefore with us a 
state problem confined to economical meth- 
ods of working, the sanitation of the mines, 



CONSERVATION 



27 



the physical and moral welfare of those 
who operate them. 

The forestry problem will never be a 
very large one in the state of Iowa. The 
lands are too high priced to allow commer- 
cial timber to be grown thereon except in 
very limited areas. The Iowa farmer is in- 
terested in forestry to the extent of grow- 
ing his own fence posts. An acre of hardy 
catalpa, if properly handled, would, after 
the first ten years, supply a quarter section 
farm with fence posts for all time. He is 
also interested in forestry to modify the 
rigors of his climate. Fifty dollars worth 
of forest trees, properly located and culti- 
vated, will give any farmer on the open 
prairie the advantages in winter of a cli- 
mate a hundred miles south, with none of 
its disadvantages. In other words, for fifty 
dollars in money and fifty dollars in work 
he can move his farm, during the winter, 
one hundred miles south. There are areas 
or rough land which had better be grown 
in oak, ash, walnut and locust trees than 
put under cultivation. There are sections 
subject to overflow and which cannot be 
drained, on which cottonwood and other 
soft timber can be grown at a profit. 

The great conservation problem in Iowa 
is the conservation of soil fertility. This in 
all the agricultural states is the most im- 
portant of all the resources. Unless we 
maintain our soil fertility we shall in a few 
years be unable to ship either grains or 
meats abroad. This is partly a state prob- 
lem, but mainly an individual. It is a state 
problem only in so far as the state by fos- 
tering a love of agriculture in the public 
schools, and by developing her agricultural 
experiment station and extension work, can 
teach the individual how to conserve the 
fertility of his soil. It is a matter of edu- 
cation on the part of the college, the ex- 
periment station, the daily and especially the 
agricultural press. 

Another great resource not usually dis- 
cussed by conservationists is the health both 
in town and country, among the adults and 
especially among the children. So far as 
reliable statistics are available, the death 
rate in the country is larger than in the 
city with all its vices and its slums. 

The city is dependent upon the country 
for fresh blood from year to year. In fact, 
the permanency of the city depends upon 
the vitality of the country. In fact, no 
city in the world can continue to exist, if 
the supply of fresh blood and energy from 
the country is entirely cut off. The de- 



generacy of the city is not due to a lack 
of health but of morals. The country can 
supply that, and does ; but that supply must 
cease unless the physical vitality of the coun- 
try is maintained by a wider and more ac- 
curate knowledge of the laws of health, of 
pure food, pure air and sunshine, in the 
two last of which the country, notwith- 
standing all its natural advantages is sadly 
deficient. 

There is a city problem of conservation 
as well as a country problem. If we are 
to conserve the vitality of our cities, the 
slum must be wiped out; the children must 
have fresh air, sunshine and pure food. If 
Des Moines, for example, is to be boosted 
permanently, the causes of moral decay, as 
well as physical, must be removed. We 
must get rid of the preposterous notion that 
a city can thrive on vice or on any insti- 
tution that tends to develop vice. We must 
be brought to see (and a careful study of 
our own statistics will enable us to see it) 
that the income which the city receives 
from licensing of saloons, from fines on 
gamblers and houses of prostitution, when 
levied purely as a tax or license, does not 
pay the expense of punishing the victims and 
caring for the dependants. It is absurd 
to think that prosperity can be developed 
out of either physical or moral rottenness. 

Again, the cities should conserve their 
beauty. There is a moral and physical as 
well as esthetic value in an improved river 
front, in well regulated parks and boule- 
vards and gardens. Des Moines, like the 
old city in which David found the long lost 
ark of the covenant, is a "city in the woods." 
Yet where beautiful maple trees might grow 
or the graceful tulip tree, we have the mis- 
erable, filthy box elder, of which there is 
not a healthy specimen in the city except 
along the river banks. We have the cot- 
tonwood covering our screens with seeds 
every spring. We have graceful elms, but 
malformed because crowded ; for the elm 
is a monopolist and one to the acre is amply 
sufficient. We have vacant lots grown up 
in weeds, that might furnish an ample sup- 
ply of vegetables for those who are not able 
to purchase them. 

There is much that the state of Iowa and 
the city of Des Moines can do in promot- 
ing national conservation, and giving aid 
and encouragement to state conservation ; 
but the immediate and most pressing duty 
is that of conserving the health and morals 
of the children, and of beautifying a city 
which nature has given so many advantages. 




SENATOR ALBERT BAIRD CUMMINS 
Senior U. S Senator from Iowa, ami the coming leader of the senate 




SENATOR LAFAYETTE YOUNG 
Junior U. S. Senator from Iowa 



THE PROVING OF SANTA CLAUS 



AFTER a dozen years or so, devoted 
to acquiring a reputation as a light 
comedian, Mortimer Knox was 
contemplating making his debut in 
tragedy. He sat in the small bed-room of a 
cheap rooming-house with a little pile of 
silver on the table before him and a re- 
volver lying within reach. The silver rep- 
resented his entire assets. The revolver 
was his sole equipment for his new tragic 
role. 

"A dollar and twenty-five cents," said 
Mortimer Knox, aloud. "Then I might as 
well breakfast." An inherited instinct of 
frugality, never totally obliterated by the 
spendthrift habits of his mature years, re- 
belled against going out of the world with 
money in his pockets, and nothing in his 
stomach. Knox accordingly put away the 
revolver and postponed his tragedy till he 
should have breakfasted. 

For more than two years he had played 



to hard luck. Two of the productions with 
which he had been associated had proved 
flat failures, and the companies had dis- 
banded after a few weeks of caustic critics 
and half-filled houses. Then when he had 
found himself exactly fitted with a part 
in a play which gave every indication of 
pleasing the public, a fire during one of the 
matinee performances, with an attendant 
panic had resulted so disastrously that the 
theatre yielded to a popular demand and 
closed its doors. At first Knox had bor- 
rowed money as freely as he had loaned it 
in the days of his abundance. But the en- 
gagement which was to set him on his feet 
again was unexpectedly slow in materializ- 
ing, and the friends who had responded to 
his early appeals with flattering eagerness, 
now found excuses for refusing. Common 
sense told Knox that this would not last, 
but he tired of waiting for the turn of the 
tide. 



THE PROVING OF SANTA CLAUS 




31 



MRS. LAFAYETTE YOUNG 



The restaurant (ought was almost emp- 
ty at that hour. It was late tor breakfast 
and early for luncheon. As Knox took his 
seat at one of the round tables, a sallow, 
dark-haired man sitting near, glanced up 
with that sudden look of recognition to 
which the actor had long before become ac- 
customed. Knox gave his order with the 
deliberation of a man who is taking his last 
meal and yet must curb his fancies to suit 
his finances. When the waiter bad de- 
parted he perceived that his neighbor had 
arisen and was waiting to speak to him. 
"Beg pardon," said the dark-haired man, 
but haven't I the honor of addressing 



Mr. Morti 



Kn< 



Knox acknowledged 



id ntitv with 



unusual graciousness. His complacency had 
suffered so many hard knocks during the 
last fifteen months, that the deference in 
his questioner's manner was distinctly grat- 
ifying. 

"1 have never had the pleasure of meet- 
ing you in private life, Mr. Knox," said 
the sallow man, "but I saw you once in 
'('ones' Honeymoon,' and I shall never for- 
get it. Laugh!" His thin face creased in 
a reminiscent grin. "I was sore around the 
ribs tor many a day, Mr. Knox, and I've 
always meant to improve the first oppor- 
tunity to tee you again. May I ask where 
you are playing now?" 

Tin not playing," said Knok. He found 
himself telling the outlines of his hard luck 



32 



THE MIDWESTERN 



story, and before the waiter came back with 
his grape fruit his listener had dropped into 
the chair beside him, apparently absorbed in 
the recital. 

"Dear me! Mr. Knox" said the sallow 
man. "And do I understand — I hope I 
don't seem intrusive— that you have been 
financially embarrassed by this succession 
of misfortunes," 

"I have enough to pay for my break- 
fast," said Knox, beginning on his grape 
fruit, to which the recollection of the re- 
volver added a strange relish. 

The sallow man whistled softly and 
thrust his hands into his pockets. From 
his momentary abstraction he emerged an- 
other man. Even his manner of speech 
had changed. 

"Now see here, Mr. Knox," he said. "I 
hope I won't spoil your breakfast by talking 
business. But first, here's my card. 
You've traded at Lee Packard's, I suppose. 
Well, I'm their manager. I've built up a 
hustling trade for them, and what I say 
goes. See?" 

"Certainly, Mr. Stein," said Knox, re- 
ferring to the card. "A very natural com- 
pliment to your ability, I'm sure." 

"The point's just this," said Stein, lean- 
ing his elbows on the table. "This season 
of the year we usually engage a Santa 
Claus, you know, and I swear, I've been 
disgusted with the way the fellows we've 
hired have taken the part. No more inter- 
est in it than if they were so many stuffed 
figures. I wouldn't mind," said Mr. Stein, 
with an eagar glance at his listener, "pay- 
ing twice the regular rate to anybody who 
was capable of doing the thing artistically. 
Of course it would be a snap to a man of 
your ability, and it would tide you over the 
time between now and Christmas. Your 
luck is bound to change with the new year, 
and in the meantime you've obliged me, and 
made a comfortable living for yourself, and 
no harm done. Of course, I'll keep your 
name a secret." 

Knox broke into a roar of laughter. "So 
you want me to be an understudy to Santa 
Claus," he said. "Well—" As he helped 
himself to bacon, a sudden distaste of the 
tragic role he had contemplated over- 
whelmed him. Certainly his luck would 
change with the new year. "It's a bargain, 
Stein," he cried, "and here's your health." 
He drained his cup of coffee and rose to 
his feet, but his tip was less liberal than he 
had planned, since there was to be another 
meal, after all. 



The new Santa Claus in the toy de- 
partment of Lee and Packard's was a suc- 
cess from the start. He played his part ar- 
tistically, as Mr. Stein said to the senior 
partner. His tenderness with the children 
had a very winsome quality about it. 
The little ones who shrank timidly from 
him at first soon were clinging to him so- 
fondly that their mothers had difficulty in 
getting them away. He was a frolicsome 
Santa, as well as a friendly one, and the 
chorus of shrill laughter which greeted 
him in his efforts to be amusing repaid 
Knox quite as well as the applause of the 
"first nighters." The little faces that al- 
most touched his when childish hopes and 
weighty secrets were whispered in his ear, 
made life seem better worth while. Now 
that he was assured of food and shelter 
through the holidays, he felt a growing 
aversion to the tragic role he had selected 
for himself, a growing conviction that his 
luck would change with the year. 

One morning, two days before Christ- 
mas, the city woke to find itself in the 
grip of a hard storm. Santa Claus made 
his way to his post prepared for a dull 
day. He sat in his red, fur-trimmed robes, 
meditatively smoothing his white beard, 
when a childish voice broke suddenly in on 
bis reflections. "You may come back in 
about ten minutes, Marie. I don't want 
you around just now." 

The maid replied in French with voci- 
ferous protests. Then camp a stamp of a 
small foot, which apparently belonged to 
the voice Knox had first. The silence that 
followed was so protracted that Knox won- 
dered whether it was worth while to turn 
his head. His doubt was dissipated unex- 
pectedly, by a sudden vixenish pinch which 
wrung from him an expletive, in no wise 
saintly, and he turned to meet a pair of 
serene and triumphant, brown eyes. "Then 
you are real," said a voice, also triumphant. 

"By Jove, yes. Were you trying to prove 
it?" Knox rubbed his arm ruefully and 
fcund himself, almost against his will, re- 
turning the smile of the small, elf-like 
creature at his side. 

"Some people say that you're only make- 
believe, you know," explained the child. "I 
wanted to be sure." She leaned against 
him trustfully, so confident of his good will 
that Knox's heart warmed to her. "I sup- 
pose," she went on, with a business-like 
manner, "that you can give people anything 
they want." 

"Of course," boasted Santa Claus, "and 



•ROVING OF SANTA CLAUS 



33 




LUCIUS WILSON 

Secretary of the Greater Oes Moines Committee who r;oes Jan. 1 to assume the duties of a like position 
in Detroit. Mr. Wi' son's work in lies Moines has been a splendid success 



1 suppose you want another doll, for all 

you've got — let me see. How many did 
I bring last year?" 

"Three. But that has nothing to do 
with this year. I want," said the small 
petitioner impressively, "something very 
different." 

Knox was about to try another guess, 
but with uplifted finger she checked him. 
"Let me tell you," she said, "we must 
hurry for fear Marie will come back." 
She leaner! toward him and whispered it, 
with a catch in her voice. "I want a 
father." 

'A father," Knox repeated. Involun- 
tary his tone took on the solemnity of hers. 
Instictively he knew himself confronting 
the tragedy of a child's life. He ran his 
fingers through his white hair, and ihe 



caught imploringly at his disengaged hand. 
"Oh, please don't say no, dear Santa 
Clans. You've no idea how lonely it is 
without a father, and mamma cries so 
much. All the girls I know have fathers." 

"What sort of a father do you want? 
Any particular kind?" hazarded Santa 
Claus, impressed with the need of caution 
in dealing with this delicate question. A 
glance of withering scorn told him that he 
had blundered. 

"Any particular kind? Why, 1 should 
think so. I want my own father, of 
course.' 

"Oh, indeed! And where am I to find 
him?" 

Ihe child looked distressed. "Why, I 
dent' know. 1 thought you knew every- 
thing." Her lips quivered, and Knox, con- 



34 



THE MIDWESTERN 



science-stricken, made haste to say, "Why 
if I don't even know his name — " 

"O, his name is Richard Denning At- 
wood. Now can you find him?" 

Santa Claus did not answer. He was 
thinking that there was such a thing as 
fates, after all. How else should Dick 
Atwood's child be looking into his face and 
asking him to give her back her father? 
He might have known from the first, 
though she had changed almost beyond 
belief in the two years since he had seen 
her, for she had her mother's eyes. It was 
startling to realize that the plump stolid 
child he vaugely remembered had develop- 
ed into this intense, passionate little crea- 
ture with her brilliant eyes and pleading 
voice. "Dorthy," he heard himself saying, 
and she moved closer to him and put her 
head against his shoulder^ sobbing a little 
a5 she whispered, "You will, wont' you? 
Oh, please say you will." 

"Mees Dorothy!" the high-pitched 
French voice was shocked and shrill, and 
Dorothy drew herself away from the en- 
circl ing arm in the red sleeve, and looked 
at Marie defiantly. "Please go away. I 
haven't finished my business with Santa 
Claus." 

But Marie wouldnt' go way again, and 
Dorothy was forced to be content with an 
exchange of whispers. "You will bring 
me a father, won't you?" she begged, to 
which Santa Claus replied soberly. "I'll 
do my best." That seemed to satisfy her. 
She threw her arms around his neck, hug- 
ged him rapturously, in spite of Marie's 
scandalized protest, and marched away rad- 
iant. She might have lost some of her con- 
fidence if she had seen Santa Claus drop 
his head upon his hands, a forlorn, despond- 
ent figure, oddly incongruous with his fes- 
tive dress and holiday surroundings. 

It had been a simple thing to have 
wrought such harm. From Knox's stand- 
point it was the merest trifle. A pretty 
woman's infatuation for a good looking 
young actor is surely nothing unusual. In 
a year she probably would have laughed 
over it, as Knox had laughed all the time 
if Atwood had not taken things with such 
dead seriousness. He remembered very 
well the letter in which she had told him 
of her husband's estrangement and had 
asked him to come to her. He had found 
it very embarrassing, that letter. It had 
been one thing to play hide and seek in 
lcve-making with a pretty young matron, 
but the course she seemed to expect of him 



was something very different. Mortimer 
Knox had written her in haste. He had 
not yielded to his first impulse to tell her 
not to make a fool of herself, but he had 
said that nothing could induce him to come 
between her and her real happiness, and 
he begged her to forget him. He had not 
answered the next letter nor the next. 

That long, stormy day, when shoppers 
were few and the children had been left 
at home to flatten their noses against the 
pane, gave Santa Claus abundant time for 
reflection. And the result of his medita- 
tions was to set him hunting for a package 
of old letters. There were many of them 
and some he glanced over, half smilingly, 
and over others he sighed. His face was 
quite grave when he took up the little 
package that was to help in keeping a 
promise. They were all signed, "Dor- 
othy," these letters. He read them 
through, the grave lines in his face grow- 
ing more pronounced as his eyes followed 
the lines. What an impulsive, trusting, 
affectionate little creature she had been. 
If he were ever on his feet again, he would 
know how to prize such fondness. 

He found himself at her door at last, 
with the letters in his pocket. The maid 
looked him over cautiously, but on the 
whole, appreciatively, as she admitted him. 
Mrs. Atwood kept him waiting some min- 
utes. When she came at last, her face was 
colorless and her big eyes were pleading. 
''Mortimer." she began, and her voice 
broke. She thrust her hands toward him 
with an appealing gesture, as if to reach ac- 
ross the months of estrangement and find 
her friend again. 

For a moment Mortimer Knox was 
tempted. The memory of his promise 
come just in time to save him, and he look- 
ed at the floor. He could not have carried 
out his plan and met her eyes. 

"Good evening, Mrs. Atwood. You'll 
excuse my coming just now. I know you 
must be busy with your holiday preparations. 
1 only called on a little matter of business." 

"On business?" she said, bewildered. His 
matter-of-fact tone had helped to give her 
self-control. She sat down facing him, 
making a brave effort to conceal her tremb- 
ling. 

"The fact is, Mrs. Atwood," Knox went 
on, nerving himself to play his part, "I 
have been approached by a representative 
of certain persons in this city, regarding 
a package of letters in my possession." For 
reasons of their own they wish to secure 



THE PROVING OF SANTA CLAUS 



35 



them." He paused a moment to give her 
time to grasp his infamy. "I have thought 
that possibly they might be worth more to 
you than to them." 

"Worth more to me," she repeated dully. 
"I know of no reason why I should care for 
any letters of yours." Then a sudden 
spasm shook her from head to foot. "Mor- 
timer — you can't mean — my letters!" 

"I don't want to make money out of 
you," he broke out hurriedly. The part 
was the hardest he had ever played. "I'm 
willing to sell them to you for less than 
the others have offered. I'll take twenty- 
five dollars, Mrs. Atwood. I wouldn't take 
that but times have been hard with me and 
business is business, you know." 

"And this,' 'she said in a steady, even 
voice, "is theman I thought I preferred to 
my husband." Her contempt seemed even- 
ly divided between the thing he was and 
the fool she had been. She went for her 
purse and counted out the bills. "Twenty- 
five, I believe you said." 

Knox wet his lips. Oh, decidedly a 
hard part! An almost irresistible impulse 
prompted him to cry out that if he had not 
deserved the love she once had given him, 
he was equally undeserving of her present 
scorn. But instead he forced himself to 
make a pretense of counting the bills, be- 
fore he handed over the package of letters. 
She let them drop upon the floor as if they 
had been unclean. 

"I wish you a merry Chrishmas," said 
Knox, moving toward the door. "Don't 
think too hardly of me,' 'he added, humbly. 
She made no answer. He carried away 
with him the picture of a woman very er- 
ect and very pale, her lips curling with 
scorn, and a package of letters lying at her 
feet. 

The interview with Atwood was less 
trying. "May I ask you what you want 
of me?" the other man had asked with an 
exaggerated courtesy that seemed the best 
mask for his hate. 

"Only to tell you a story," Knox return- 
ed lightly, and he began with his meeting 
with Stein in the restaurant. With all 
the art at his command he told of the lit- 
tle girl who had come to ask Santa Claus 
for a father. There was a long silence af- 
ter he had finished. "Well?" said Atwood, 
at last. 

"Mr. Atwood there was only a silly 
flirtation between your wife and myself. 
She might have been a little in love with 
some of my parts, but never with me. 



And now," declared Knox, candidly, "she 
scorns to wipe her feet upon me. There's 
no reason why you shouldn'*' be happy to- 
gether again." 

Another long pause. "Then there's the 
child," said Knox. "Your wife, your 
friends, your business partner, all chose 
you as much as you chose them, but your 
child had no voice in the matter. If I had 
a little Dorothy," said Knox, thrusting his 
hands into his pockets, and star ing hard at 
the other man, "I'd be damned but I'd 
give her a merry Christmas." 

Atwood started to his feet. "Get out of 
my house before you're kicked out," he 
shouted. "Don't you think I know my duty 
to my own child without your telling me of 
it?" His hands were trembling uncon- 
trollably and his eyes were moist, and Knox 
argued well from these facts. " He's bound 
to see her," he reflected, "and if he does, 
the chances are ten to one that they'll 
come to an understanding." Then he re- 
called the money which Dorothy senior had 
given him, and he bestowed it hastily on 
a shivering Salvation Army girl, whose 
voice was hoarse from her appeals for aid. 
Her glad tones followed him caressingly, 
"God bless you. A happy Christmas." 

Twenty-four hours later he stood almost 
in the same spot and wondered what the 
future had in store. His engagement as 
Santa Claus had terminated. The manag- 
er of Lee and Packard's had shaken hands 
with him, and expressed himself as more 
than satisfied. "Next season if you should 
happen to be without an engagement, Mr. 
Knox," Stein said affably, "don't fail to 
come around. But that's unlikely, I'm 
sure. 

As he stood meditating some one caught 
his shoulder and spoke his name. Knox 
came back to earth with a start. "Hello, 
Young." 

"Knox, by all that's wonderful! I've 
had a dozen messengers out for you this 
afternoon." 

"What's up?" 

"Haven't you seen the evening papers? 
Graham's car ran over an embankment and 
Graham's laid up in the hospital. A 
Lion Among Ladies' is to open Monday, 
you know, and the old man spoke of you 
the first thing. Here, jump into this cab. 
We're in luck all around." 

And at that very moment a small girl 
nestling contentedly against a broad, mascu- 
line shoulder was saying to herself, "And 



36 



•THE MIDWESTERN 



now I know it's true, no matter what any- 
body says." 

"What's true, Dorothy?" asked the man, 
who had listened all day to the childish 
prattle as if he could never have enough. 




A little hand pulled his head down to a 
convenient distance. "I know now, papa," 
Dorothy whispered, "that there really is 
a Santa Claus." 

— Holland's. 



WHY SHOULD WE GRIEVE 



Why should we grieve when friends are 
cold, 

And days look dark, and things look 
blue? 




GERTRUDE ASHTON ANDREWS 

Daughter of Mr. and Mrs. John Weed Andrews, 
of Chicago. Miss Andrews is a young high 
school girl of Hamilton Park, whose 
brilliant work in literary lines has at- 
tracted attention. She is a niem- 
lier of the Te Take and X 
& W Sororities 



Let other things fill in their place, 
Things more noble, things more true. 
Look higher, look to better things, 
Than grievance, grudge and vain con 
tempt, 

Leave them behind, with smiling face, 
As things unheard, unthought, un- 



dreamt. 



n. 



Why should we grieve for those, just 

gone 
From out our lives, for just a while? 
They are happy, safe and free, 
Instead of tears, oh! why not smile? 
Tis selfish pain to wish them back, 
From happiness and joy and peace. 
They would not wish for us to grieve, 
But wish instead, — our tears to cease. 

III. 

Why not remember just the things 
Thai make us happy, cheerful, gay, 
And cause a peace serene and calm, 
To fall o'er those that cross our way! 
Our thoughts would only be of good, 
Our words would gentle be, 
And people could not help hut feel 
More loving, — and the world more 

kind, 
If we ourselves the goodness see. 

— Gertrude Ashton Andrews. 



GREATEST CEREAL EXHIBITION EVER 
HELD IN THE STATE OF IOWA 



J. W. Johnson 



At one ot tin- Short Course sessions at 
Ames nor a long time ago an old gentle- 
man from one of the southern counties 
bordering on .Missouri enrolled and took 
great interest in the proceedings. One day 
when corn was the principle topic and 
great men were present to give their opin- 
ions and find out what the lesser fellows 
knew about the subject this same old 
brother, standing apart, and viewing with 
intense concern the various specimens, pull- 
ed an ear of corn from his overcoat pock- 
et. It was large, yellow, symmetrical and 
solid as a rock. It wore a blue ribbon as a 
badge of honor for it had taken first prize 
at their county fair several years before and 
he thought so much of it that he had kept it 
as careful!}' as he had the deed to his farm. 
On comparing it with all the other ears 
there on exhibition it was found that he had 
the prize number. 

This incident is given to teach the prin- 
ciple object of the Iowa Corn Show, viz: 
to discover those quiet, industrious, unas- 
suming farmers who go on years doing 
gland work on their farms, taking care to 
select the very best seed and have the 
ground in just the right condition thereby 
getting big yield and making a profit on 
their high priced land every time. But 
their worth is not understood, not by their 
own families nor their nearest neighbors. 
But if these sterling fellows can be in- 
duced to come to the Corn Show and get 
the credit they deserve then the neighbors 
"ill sit up and take notice. Gray the 
poet beautifulK said: "Some mute, in- 
glorious Milton here may rest, some Crom- 
well, guiltless of his country's blood" and 
* it is there are fellows in the humble 
ranks that are doing the lieroic work just 
like the soldiers on the firing line but the 
general on horse back gets all the credit. 
I he Corn Show wants to discover these 
humble fellows. 

The eighth annual [ows Corn Show be- 
gini in Coliseum, De, Moines, December 
•">th and last twelve days, open to the pub 
UC December 8th to is inclusive. The pre- 
miums offered e\<rrd $20,ooci which is two 
■nd one half times any cer--al show offering 
ever made in Iowa. The advance sale of 
■nnutl memberships is <soo as compared 




J, W. JOHNSON 
Well known in Iowa as a fine writer 

6 50 > last year. The exhibits will be. en- 
ormous for there are so many classifications 
and the large enrollmen* means a large 
exhibit. All these will be artistically ar- 
ranged in the big Coliseum and with ela- 
borate decorations will make a beautiful 
appearance. 

Added to all this the visitors will see and 
hear each afternoon and evening a grand 
concert by Henry's famous band and 
orchestra, lectures from noted men, stereop- 
tiean views and addresses to correspond, 
vaudeville as high class as ever came to 
Des Moines and other amusements that 
constitute a program of great varietv and 
excellence. It will be a Chautauqua, a 
State Fair, a Short Course, and a Circus all 
under the same roof and for the same ad- 
mission and think of getting all this for 25 
cents. It is impossible in a brief article to 
describe what this immense show means but 
it is very woi 'thy the attention ot every 
Iowa farmer and everybody else. 

'I his Exhibition is not a mere place of 

amusement as a skating rink or a base ball 




Shetland Pony to be given to Des Moines Iw 



park but is organized primarily to educate 
the masses in better methods of raising corn 
and other cereals. If the methods taught 
in the Iowa Corn Exhibition were strictly 
and faithfully followed the annual yield of 
grain would be doubled and the wealth of 
the state increased $200,000,000 every year. 
Is not this important? Is not this an object 
worthy and commendable? 



A contest is now going on in Des Moines 
for the award of a fine Shetland pony to 
some Des Moines boy or girl who will sell 
the most single admission tickets for the 
Corn Show before Thursday noon Decem- 
ber 15th. The one who wins this prize 
will get a copy of Midwestern one year 
free. 







VIRGINIA NEFF 
Daughter of Prof, and Mrs. I. F. Neff. 



Hosteller 



GRANVILLE CHILTON RYAN 
Son of Dr. and Mrs. Granville Ryan 




MARION AND WOLCOTT WATROUS 
Children of Mr. and Mrs. C. A. Watrous 



Townsend 




MADGE PROUTY, Dnghttrd Mr. and .Mrs. w. K. Proutj 




M VRGARET ANNE H \Rkls 
Daughter of Mr. ami Mrs. Byron \. Harris. All.ia, low a 




-I i\i; , i; \i i. Mill.,' UAYNOR 
S I Mi. and Mrs. R. L. Raynor 



Wel.stcr 







BERENE BOLTON 
I >;iunhter of Mi. and Mrs. Ralph BoltC 



Hoitetla 



I 




SARAH CONGER BUCHAN 
Daughter of Captain and Mrs. Frederick E. Buchsm of Fort Dei Moines 



DAWNL1GHT ON THE HEIGHTS 

I he lonely peaks of mountains catch the Catch the first gleam the sun of Pro- 
lyl gnjg, sl . M ,| Si 

When (lav's bright king first paint- the , , „ , . , ,.,,,,,. ,, 

orient- Ami Hash it where ntes darkling valleys 

And to the darksome, misty valleys throw '"'■ 

The rosy light which he to them has / n ,| Ignorance her ua\ in sorrow 
lent 



h'en thus do martyr souls serene and 

high, 



ends. 



Albert Lindley Beane. 




ELEANOR HOFFMAN 
Daughter of Mr. and Mrs. Philip Hoffman, of Oskaloosa 



SALUTATION 

O Night, O Star, O Land afar, 
In sweet surprise of glory, 

Let shepherd train and angel strain 
Sing new your Christmas story! 



O Dawn, O Gift, O Heaven arift, 

Mary, mystic Mother 
Of new-born Christ, keep ye my tryst 
With every human brother! 

O Door flung wide, O full Flood-Tide 
Of light and kindness meeting, 

Unto my friend this Day outsend 
A joyous Christmas greeting! 

— J. B. E. in December Lippincott's. 



TRANSFORMATION 

Until you came, 
My sad lire was the diamond in the mine; 
A ra> «. sunless, girt about with 
stone; 
But leagues above, I knew Love's sun to 
shine 
On lives endowed more richly than my 
own. 

And when you came, 
My glad life was the diamond in the 
crown ; 
Upon its facets smooth, Love's sun shone 
bright; 
The rayless, formless stone you polished 
down 
Till it became a thing of joy and light. 
Albert Linbley Beane. 





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v 1 '* 




MILES REDFIELD SHARPSACK 




S 1 Mr. mihI Mi-. T. 1'. Shai|m;u'k 






MARY BOTSFORI) 

Niece of Mr. and Mrs. Geis Botsford 

THE OLD BARN 






The ancient barn with its clapboards gray 

Has for well-nigh fifty years 
Sheltered its wealth of fragrant hay 

And wealth of golden ears. 

The swallows dart thro' the open door 
Just the same as in years gone by, 

When we rode around o'er the thrashing- 
floor, 
And trod out the wheat and rye. 

( )n rainy days oft a merry throng 
Of children gathered here, 



And with hunting eggs and games and song, 
The gloom gave way to cheer. 

In its lofty mows we often played, 

In the days of long ago, 
And peered 'neath the rafters half afraid 

Lest some goblin lurked below. 






barn, 'neath thy shel'tring 



Hail ! dear old 
eaves 
Sweet echoes dwell, and sing 
To my list'ning ear, and my heart receives 
Fond mem'ries of youth's glad spring. 
— Farm Journal. 



^^^^^^ 






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1 ^^^^^^^^^^H^ 




^^" 1 IB'^^Q 




# fl i 


"7jE?^Btf. 


* jLJ&Ms 


HELEN PAINE 


Daughter of Mrs. A. R. Paine 


IMMENSITY 


Hold such ol" mortals clearest, From all intrusive might, 


With hearts and minds arrayed, Dethroning man from power, 


To pattern lilies nearest, And causing blast and light. 


For heaven to see displayed; 


Preserving field and wildwood, As wires, rain words are hurling, 


And joyous river flow, See, boats with vengeanve sped, 


To gardening of childhood, Note, where steam trains are whirling, 


That happiness may grow. Willi craft launched overhead ; 


Wbnt bind its living stifled, 


Extol that clear perception, By such propensity, 


Which reverent souls retain, At fearful hazard trifled, 


In constant recollection, With Clod's Immensity. 


Of Eden's lovely plain; — Lucius A. Bassett, No. 203, Chamber 


Thus sparing tree and flower, of Commerce, Boston, Mass. 




VIRGINIA SMITH 
Daughter of Mr. and Mrs. A. A. Smith, Mason City, Iowa 



FESSAAMORIS 

W.W.Flint 



So as she lies she holds to me 
Her slender, blue-lined hands, 
And beckons; thro' a haze I see 
Her shadowy, still commands. 

Her weight lies on the coverlet 
Gold-lined, deep red above, 
While round about her, faint is writ, 
"The weariness of love." 



Her lashes seem to shade her face, 
O'er slumb'rous pools soft spread. 
Her locks disposed with cunning grace 
Billow around her head. 

Her rounded limbs beneath the veil 
Of thin gauze without seam, 
(How lustrous as the full moon pale, 
Or flesh seen thro' a dream. 




5] 



LAWRENCE 

Son of Judge and Mrs. Lawrence De Graff 



She calls — no joy is in the call — 
As in a daze I move. 
The heavy eyelids lower fall — 
Yea, she is sick of love ! 

And weary is the heart that stirs 
Beneath her bosom there 
The strange wild fate forever hers 
Yet hovers in the air. 

For all the ways are dark to her, 
The sky is black with storm ; 
Nor god nor man may hark to her— - 
That tender, hateful form ! 

The wind is sweeping o'er the seas 
Where life and love are done. 
The foam breaks to the lattice-leaves, 
And we are there alone! 

— Dartmouth Magazine 




NATAl.VS 

Daughter ad Mr. and Mrs. \. M.. Hubbard 




HELEN MARIE 
Daughter of Mr. and Mrs. G. F. Hustetler 

STRATEGY 



The Leghorn hen with crafty eye 

Regards the garden bed 
And seizes as site flutters by 

The moment that your head 
Is turned away; then like a streak 

Of feathered lightning brown 
She darts with devastating beak 

To tear your young peas down. 

Her fledglings came, a swarming horde 
Of claws and bills and wings, 

And like a devastating sword 
They desolate the things 



That erstwhile grew so fresh and green 

For all your friends to see; 
Your pride from which you hoped to glean 

The fruits of industry! 

She doesn't fail to lead her brood, 

With instinct fine and keen, 
Straight to the place where plentitude 

Of marrowfats is seen, 
When waste they've all your garden laid 

Full in the sight of men — 
When victory had stamped their raid — 

They all marched out again. 




EDWIN r. Ml RED] I II. JR. 
Son oj Mr. and Mn. I l Meredith 



54 



THE MIDWESTERN 




EBERHART 

Son of Mr. and Mrs. Kingman 




Webster 
MARGARET A., 
Daughter of Mr. and Mrs. M. E. Weldy 




HELEN MARIE 

Daughter of Mr. and Mrs. \V. !•'. Ilartmann 



WOOD WANDERING 

Fairy o' the bean-bloom, Fairy o' the 
pea, 

Fairy o' the pink hedgerose, show 
yourselves to me ! 

Green goblin o' the grass, limber, live- 
ly lad, 

Five up to the wild feet that oy of 
you drives mad I 



Down through the garden, all across 

the grove, 
Fairy o' the pine-needles, whither 

shall I rove? 
Neither hare nor deer am I, catamount 

nor snake : 
Jusl a wild-wood wanderer — and 

what's the way to take? 



wood wandp:rin<; 



55 




MARY GRACE 
Daughter of Mr. and Mrs. I.mher E, Steven 

River at the foot of me, restless with 

his rocks, 
Tickled by the white-birch tree's long 

green lady-locks : 
Cliff at my shoulder; forest at my 

back; 
Meadow deep with daisies — what do 

I lack? 

Nothing in the wide world save an- 
other face, 

Save another cloven foot to tempt me 
to a race. 

Fairy o' the Satyr-wind, be visible to 
me ! 

Never man nor woman sees the wild- 
ing world I see. 

Fairy o' the frail fern, slender fairy 
girl, 

Fniry o' the thistle-down, load me all 
awhirl ! 

You of the waterfall, you of berry- 
brake, 

Yon of the wot gioon moss, show the 
wav to take ! 




SYBIL 

Daughter of Mr. and Mrs. E. F. Lent?. 



What's the world but green and gold? 
What's love but this — 

Touching hands with tendriled vines, 
giving air your kiss? 

Who desires the ugly flesh, when his 
soul may run, 

Clean to the world's caress, splendid 
to the sun ! 

— Fannie Stearns Davis in Every 
body's for September, 




JOSEPHINE WING ATE WARREN 
Daughter of Mrs. Florence Warren 



HER TROUBLES ARE OVER 



"I have nothing much to wear!' 
Sighed the pretty mis?, 

"Skies are gray or skies are fair- 
Through all weather this 

Trouble sticks so tight to me ! 
Always, I declare, 

My sad fate seems just to be: 
Nothing much to wear! 

"I have nothing much to wear! 

'Tis a dreadfid plight! 
If I journey anywhere, 

I am such a sight ! 



Clothes I never get, it seems, 

And my greatest care 
Is this woe that haunts my dreams: 

Nothing much to wear!" 

But it happened on a day 

She with hopeful face 
Packed her grip and went away 

To a bathing place. 
Though she'd nothing much to wear, 

Now she wears a smile, 
Yes! she's wondrous happy there, 

For she's right in stvle ! 




GLADYS MAY ELLEN 
Daughter of Mr. and Mrs. 0. II. Walker 

THE PASTEURIZED KISS 



The latest scientific fad 

Which seems to me outrageous 

Puts microbe germs on ruby lips 
And makes a kiss contagious. 

It hardly seems the proper thing 
To put love on half-ration, 

Or take the soul from out the kiss 
By filtered osculation. 

1 learned to know the gentler sex 
E'er I was one-and-twenty, 

And when it came to kissing games 
We liked 'em good and plenty. 

All kinds of people played the same. 
Married, widowed, misses. 



But no one thought of asking them 
To sterilize their kisses. 

Although I'm not prepared to say, 
"To fear I am a stranger," 
Yet certainly an added charm 
Goes with spice of danger. 

So when I come to Mary's lips 
( )r Lutie's, Flo's or Nancy's, 
I might reflect and pause awhile 

Then straightway take the chances. 

1 do not pine for lips that reek 

With antiseptic lotion 
Nor would I journey tar to seek 

A Pasteurized devotion. 

— -Harper's Weekly. 




JOHN MERSHON and GERTRUDE IRENE 
Children of Mr. and Mrs. J. W. Welch 



Hosteller 



INCORPORATED 



She said on Monday she'd be mine 

Forever and for aye, 
On Tuesday with a smile divine 

She said the same to Jay. 
On Wednesday eve this maiden fair 

Our hearts were set upon 
Gave quite a bunch of golden hair 

To pledge her troth to John. 

On Thursday Reginald came by, 

And late on Thursday night 
With lofty whispered loving sigh 

Made all his future bright. 
On Friday James appeared, and she 

Just as to us before, 
with beaming eyes declared she'd be 

His own forevermore. 

On Saturday 'twas Wilbraham 
Who won her much-sought hand, 

Although she'd dubbed the lad a clam 
With not an ounce of sand. 



And Sunday evening after church, 

iieneath the lunar glim, 
She promised rich old Billie Birch 

That she'd be true to him. 

And that is why we seven met 

Down by the summer sea, 
There in the damp and sodden wet 

To form a company. 
To form a Prudence syndicate, 

And float a million shares, 
A market for them to create 

Amongst the millionaires. 

Our assets, one small bit of fluff, 

With mighty taking ways; 
With hand that seems quite big enough 

For sixty finances — ■ 
Step up all ye who wish to win 

s\ heart that's strong and true, 
And buy a block of "common" in 

'Amalgamated Prue!" 

— Harper's Weekly. 




GIVING 

Joetta Haines Combs 



The average man gets enough to eat, 
And clothes enough to wear, 

But what the world is dying for. 
Is kindness everywhere. 

As Christmas day approaches, every one 
is discussing presents, what will they give, 
and with the majority, the question that 
seems of vital importance is, how to make 
a little money cover a multitude of obliga- 
tions or indebtednesses, for in reality, that 
is what Christmas giving has grown into, 
the spirit of the day having been lost sight 
of. 

The Most Valuable Gif's. 

The gifts that are of the greatest value, 
and the most helpful are just as accessible 
to you, who cannot spare one penny from 
your meagre hoard as to he, who has mil- 
lions at his disposal. 

A smile, a word of encouragement. A 
helpful suggestion, tell those who are strug- 
gling for a chance to make good, the things 
that were an aid to you, when you were at 
the bottom of the ladder trying to climb 
upward. 

Even though we have the will, we some- 
times spend the greater part of our lives 
searching for the way. 

People who were born with silver spoons 
in their mouths, have starved to death be- 
cause they did not know how to feed them- 
selves, or for lack of proper food. 
Turn on the Light. 

When you see one of these bewildered 
creatures groping in the dark, touch your 
button of good will and helpfulness, and 
switch on the light. 

Carnegie is giving libraries, John D.- 
Rockefeller endowing colleges, you, who 
have accumulated knowledge and wisdom, 
rather than great riches, have just as valu- 
able gifts to bestow, if you will but unlock 
your store houses. 

Encouragement. 
Don't be chary of your words, of your 
words of praise and encouragement, if you 
should perchance overestimate a little, it 
will only stimulate the individual to greater 
effort to attain to the standard you have 
set for him. 

Discouragement 

To some, ■ word of discouragement is a 

death blow. They Bit like the liiuitive 

plant, whose leaves shrivel and die when 

roughly handled, or the frond of a fern, 




JOETTA HAINES CUMKS 



whose growth is stopped, if you but touch 
the tender point of the leaf. 

Nature provides very few of us with 
weapons of defense like the Cacti plant, 
which is armed, to give back sting for sting. 
A Boomerang. 

Kindness is like a boomerang. It will 
fly back and hit you. Try it, if you do 
pot believe me. And I predict a full Christ- 
mas stocking for Mrs. Ogilvie, the editor 
of the Midwestern. I know of no one, 
who, after having attained success herself, 
has sent out so many boomerangs of en- 
couragement to others. 

"Somebody did a golden deed ; 

Somebody proved a friend in need; 

Somebody thought " 'tis sweet to live" 

Somebody said "I'm glad to give." 

Somebod) fought a valiant fight; 

Somebod] lived to shield the right; 

Was that somebody you ? 

You will no doubt think this poetry 
superfluous, hut it was so in accord with my 
thoughts that 1 added it. 




GEORGE E. WELLS 
Popular Secretary of the Western Grain Dealers Association 

GRAIN IMPROVEMENT DAY AT THE 

CORN SHOW 

Geo. E. Wells 



There is an intense interest developing 
throughout the country in the matter of 
improvement of the grain crops. Increased 
local consumption is absorbing the total pro- 
duction, and the high price of farm lands, 
if maintained, makes it absolutely neces- 
sary to increase the yields and improve the 
quality of the grain crop in order to give 
sufficient revenue to justify the investment. 

The business interests of the country are 
giving this matter more serious considera- 
tion than ever before. The export grain 
trade and the financial interest of the east 
and along the Atlantic seaboard are anxious 
to maintain the export grain trade, and the 
grain exchanges and boards of trade are 
now giving serious consideration to the 
question of improvement of the grain crops. 

At the last annual meeting of the Coun- 



cil of North American Grain Exchanges, 
held in New York City, a grain improve- 
ment committee was appointed, and this 
committee will undertake to exercise every 
influence possible among the different agri- 
cultural and commercial organizations to 
promote an interest and organize united ef- 
forts to accomplish the most effective re- 
sults. 

The program of GRAIN IMPROVE- 
MENT DAY, December 10, 1910, at the 
Iowa Corn Growers' exposition to be held 
in Des Moines will be under the auspices 
of the Grain Improvement Committees of 
the Council of North American Grain Ex- 
changes and the Western Grain Dealers 
association. There will be a large attend- 
ance of the members of the terminal market 



GRAIN IMPROVEMENT 



(Jl 



grain exchanges, of Minneapolis, Milwau- 
kee, Chicago, Peoria, St. Louis, Kansas 
City and Omaha, and there will also be a 
large representation of the executive offi- 
cials of the different railroad lines operat- 
ing in this territory, who have, during the 
past few years, become exceedingly inter- 
ested in the idea of improvement of the 
grain crops, which is demonstrated by the 
large work that has been done in providing 
gratuitously, without cost to the state or 
government, the use of special trains for 
the purpose of giving an opportunity for 
the representatives of the agricultural col- 
leges to give lectures to the farmers on dif- 
ferent subjects pertaining to the improve- 
ment of the crops, and many of these rail- 
road companies employ agricultural experts 
who are continually working along this 
line. 

In arranging the program for Grain Im- 
provement Day it is intended, so far as pos- 
sible, to discuss the work that is being done 
along the line of improvement of the grain 
crops by the different interests including the 
question of conservation of the fertility of 
the soil, farm crop experimentation, college 
extension work as conducted at Short 
Courses, County Institutes, County Fairs, 



local exhibits and on special trains, and al- 
so of the distribution of good seed. 

It has been found that there are farmers 
in every community who always produce 
good yields of grain of high quality, because 
they have seed that is well bred and proper- 
ly selected, and who are careful to prevent 
deterioration in vitality and breeding, and 
i; the good seed thus grown by these farm- 
ers could be distributed among their neigh- 
bors, it would be of large benefit in in- 
creasing production. It is the idea of the 
Iowa Corn Growers Exposition to give 
the farmer who produces good seed an op- 
portunity to become prominent, and thus 
obtain the attention of his neighbors to 
whom he may sell good seed, as otherwise 
he will perhaps not be discovered or rec- 
ognized as having good seed even by his 
nearest neighbor. It is thus the purpose 
of the Iowa Corn Growers' Exposition to 
stimulate an ambition among the farmers 
tc become growers of high grade seed grain. 

Farmers and other who are interested 
should write M. L. Bowman, Secretary, 
Jowa Corn Growers' Association, Fleming 
Building, Des Moines, Iowa, for a copy of 
the premium list offering over $20,000.00 
in premiums for tUt best grain exhibited at 
the exposition. 




Interior of Webster's Eleg&nl Sew Photographic Studios, Showing the Recaption K 




L. ELTON ELLIS 

President of the Hyperion Club 



BUILDING THE HYPERION CLUB HOUSE 



C. H. McAdow 






There are plenty of evidenees of the 
beneficial results of the "DsSi Moines 
spirit" of doing things; bui none. I 
think, more striking than the growth 
;ind accomplishment of the Hyperion 
club It is B monument to the lonl, en- 
ergy and ability of a small coterie of 
Des Moines young busines men, backed 
up by the loyalty and enthusiasm nf a 
membership eomnosed almost exclu- 



sively of the younger element of busi- 
ness men. 

The history of the elub reads almost 
like a fairy tale. Briefly, it is as fol- 
lows : 

On January 2f>, 1900, there was a 
meeting held at Wight's dining hall, at 
which gathering there were present L. 
R. Ellis, W. C. Cayanagh, Willard 
Pierce, John Henton, Orville Thomas, 



BUILDING Till 



IYPERION CLUB IK IUSE 



63 



m^^KESg&F" ^^B -;'■ *~ i 


1 w^b ^ 1 






'^^^^^^^^^^^^^^K 



JOHN KINGSTON 
Secretary of the Hyperion Club 

Paul Jones, Ed. Weitz, Charles Shea- 
ban, Harry Miller, W. A. Graham, Dr. 
Bradner, Dr. Grimm, C. H. Casebeer, 
Charles Bowen, R. W. Beeks and G. W. 
Fowler. 

At this meeting the Hyperion club 
was organized. W. C. Cavanagh was 
elected president ; A. T. Hale, vice 
president; George W. Fowler, secre- 
tary and R. W. Beeks, treasurer. T'- 
following, with the officers, composed 
the first hoard of directors: ('. H. 
Casebeer, E. Paul Jones and O H. 
Thomas. 

Article 2 of the constitution stated 
that "the object of the club shall be to 
^ive entertainments and parties for the 
mutual enjoyment of its members"; 
and the first partv was given on Febru- 
ary 15, 1900, at Our Circle Hall. 

From that time until 1004 th ■ .dub 
was continued, with a constantly in- 
creasing membership, as a social organ- 
ization. In 1004 the question of organ- 
izing an Athletic club was talked of, 
and the outcome of the agitation w;is a 
resolution by the Hyperion club to in- 
crease its membership by taking in 100 
iifw members, with a membership Pea 




G. E. MAC KINNON 

Treasurer of Hyperion Club 

of $25. With the push and energy 
characteristic of those in charge, these 
100 memberships were soon obtained. 
Three acres of ground adjoining Wave- 
land park were purchased ; a club house 
was built with an expenditure of about 
$7,000, and the Hyperion club became 
a full-fledged country club, as well as a 
social club. Its business affairs were 
well managed, and it was but a year 
or two until the club had grown to such 
dimensions that its old quarters were 
no longer adequate. With admirable 
foresight, the officers and directors of 
the club, realizing that the Hyperion 
club was destined to become one of the 
loading clubs of the Middle West, de- 
cided that it should own its own prop- 
erty. Committees were appointed A 
tract of ground on the interurbnn line, 
north of the city, on one of the main 
traveled roads, was purchased. The 
articles of incorporation were changed 
from the "Hyperion Club" to the "TTy- 



64 



THE MIDWESTERN 









Hyperion Field and Motor Club House 



Kratsch and Kratsch, Architects 



perion Field Club." The limit of mem- 
bership was again raised to 300, with 
a membership fee of $25 each, the old 
members contributing $100 in addition 
to what they had already paid, and the 
new members paying $125. Plans were 
drawn for a new club house, along the 
most liberal and complete lines. The 
undertaking was stupendous ; and there 
were plenty who said, "It is an impos- 
sible thing and cannot be done," but 
the people who made those remarks had 



not taken into account the Hyperion 
spirit, which, from the first, had backed 
up its officers and directors in every 
project that had been undertaken. This 
spirit of the club ; the unselfish services 
rendered by the board of directors and 
officers, and several committees, per- 
formed the impossible and built what 
is considerd one of the very finest club 
houses in the Middle West, located on 
its own grounds, comprising 220 acres, 
admirably suited to its purposes which, 




Hyperion Field and Motor Club House 



Kratsch and Kratsch. Architects 




HYPERION CLUB IK (USE 



i;:. 



with the club house, represents an in- 
vestment of over $50,000. 

The articles of incorporation have 
been changed within the last few weeks 
and the name of the club, as it now 
■tands, is the ' ' Hyperion Field and Mo- 
tor Club," with fully organized depart- 
ments, in addition to its social features, 
as follows : Golf, automobiling, tennis 
and archery. Bowling alleys will be 
installed in the ne^ir future: room has 
been provided for shooting galleries, 
billiard tables, and, in fact, all varie- 
ties of indoor and outdoor sports. 

The club house stands on one of the 
most beautiful locations in the state, 
and is a source of pride to its members. 
Too much credit cannot he given to the 
men in charge of the active operations 
of building the new club house and de- 
veloping the new grounds. Special 
credit should be given to President 
Ellis and Treasurer MacKinnon, wli o h ad 
charge of the business arrangements, 
and to Mr. II. P. McAdow. under whose 
personal supervision the club house was 
built. To these men, especially, the 
club owes a debt of gratitude. 

The Hyperion Field and Motor Club 
is to be congratulated on its new club 
house and grounds, and the brilliant fu- 
ture which is certainlv before it. 




i'. II. Mc \no\V 

\Vh.> luiilt the Hyperion Kield and Motor Club 
Hook 




66 



THE MIDWESTERN 




MRS. FRED CARR 
Chairman of the Social Committee of Hyperion Field and Motor Club. 



At a meeting of the board of diree- 
tors in July, 1909, and by the authority 
of the club members we decided to 
build the new club house, but we did 
not intend to commence this operation 
until July, 1910, but owing to the splen- 
did manner in which Mr. Ellis, the 
president, and Mr. McKinnon, the 
treasurer, financed the proposition it 
was decided at a board meeting held 
in September, 1909, to go ahead with 
the building, which was done and the 
club members have enjoyed their splen- 
did new home one year sooner than 
they expected, the building being fin- 
ished and furnished mid onened for tl>" 



members' convenience May 30, 1910. 
The above facts are mentioned simply 
to show the club spirit, the energy, and 
the go ahead and do things that the 
members of our club have in their sys- 
tems. The results are that we now 
have a club building second to none 
west of Chicago. The building, 90x70 
feet, three stories and basement, is built 
of vitrified brick laid in cement mortar, 
222 feet of porches 16 feet wide, two 
garages holding thirty autos. Ice house 
holding 100 tons of ice and boiler 
house. The boiler being large enough 
to heat a building twice the size of our 
present building. The heating plant is 



[Yl'KRIOX CLL'H HOUSE 



Ii7 




MRS. II. 
Member of the II 



L. BAROTJIST 
nerion Social Committee 



a system of heating with vapor, two 
ounces of vapor heating the build- 
ing. The entire basement having 
a cement floor, and located in 
the basement are 200 lockers, 125-15 in. 
x 18 in. x 6 ft; 50-18 in. x 18 in. x 6 ft., 
and 25-18 in. x 24 in. x 6 f t ; 8 showers, 
3 toilets, 3 lavatories, cold storage. 




MRS. E. II. CARTER 

Who directs the bridge parties at the Hyperion 
Field and Motor Clul) 

laundry, store room, gas plant and hoi 
and cold water system. Bowling alleys 
and billiard tables. First floor, danci 
hall 88 ft. 6 in. x 48 ft,; office, ladies' 
locker, card room, Dutch room, kitch- 
en 18 ft, x 26 ft., fully equipped, room 
and shower capacity for serving 250 
people at one time. China closet, but- 




,1 Hyp, 



Field and Motor Clul. Home 



Krstsi h. An lilio. Is 



68 



THE MIDWESTERN 




MRS. ELT 
Member of the Ilvpet 

ler's pantry, summer porch, dining 
room, screened, seating 120 guests at 
one time. Second floor is semi-fireproof 
containing 15 bedrooms with hot and 
cold water in each room, 2 ladies' and 
1 gents' toilets on this floor, ladies' 
parlor 22x25 with 2 alcoves 11 ft. x 
12 ft. Leading off ladies' parlor there 
is a logia 10x:i0 ft, and off this a porch 
10x50 ft. One rug 15x45 ft. of appro- 
priate design in ladies' parlor, runners 
for halls of same design. The rugs, 
draperies, beds, furniture, bedding, etc., 
in the bedrooms are of the best and BO- 



ON ELLIS 

ion Social Committee 






lected by an artist in this line. The at- 
tic contains 6 large bedrooms, 2 toilets. 
Then there are 8 water plugs and 6 
Habcock fire extinguishers in the build- 
ing for use in case of fire, 2 fire escapes 
on north of building, making the build- 
ing reasonably safe. 

We have had visitors from nearly 
every state in the union, and also from 
foreign countries, and they one and all 
exclaim over the beautiful building and 
the magnificent view surrounding it. 
As it takes time to develop ideas, so it 
will take time to get the 18-hole golf 




HYPERION CLUB HOUSE 



69 




MRS. ROY SMOCK Hosteller 

Member of the Hyperion Social Committee 

course, four tenuis courts, archery 
course, base ball diamond, shooting 
traps, automobile course around the en- 
tire place making a three-mile run, 
and plenty of hill climbing contests. 

This spring we will sink a well sup- 
plying 2,000 gallons of water per hour. 
We will build a reservoir holding 4,000 
barrels which will supply the building 
and grounds at all times, giving us an 



MRS. JAMES GREEN Hctetler 

Member of the Hyperion Social Committee 

abundance of water. Our beautiful drive 
into the grounds and around the build- 
ing will be planted with hedges and 
the piers of the buildings with vines 
and roses, Virginia creepers and other 
beautiful foliage. In two years more 
the Hyperion Field and Motor Club 
will be ;t thing of beauty and a joy 
forever. 




Veranda of the 1 1 \ pei ion Field and Motor Clttb I [ouae 



kt.ilv, I, and Kr.tlM h, \i, hii f ., i 



70 



THE MIDWESTERN 




View of the Hyperion Kiekl and Motor Club House 



Kratsch and Kratsch, Architects 



i HE IMPORTANCE OF IMPROVED ROADS 






Unavoidable circumstances prevent 
me from taking advantage of your 
kind invitation to attend your meet- 
ing, but it gives me pleasure to assure 
you of my sympathy with the work in 




W. E. MOYER 

Chairman of the II vperion Motor Club Com. 



which you are interested, and to ex- 
press my hope for its success. 

Next after the preservation of the 
productive power of the soil, I know 
of no material aid to the farming pop- 
ulation so important as the creation 
and maintenance of good roads. What 
the telegraph is to general informa- 
tion and the railroad to commerce, 
that the country highway is to the 
agricultural interest. The roads of 
any community are like the nervous 
system of a human body; upon their 
condition depend its health and 
growth. 

There are more than two million 
miles of roads in the United States. 
We sent on these from $80,000,000 to 
$100,000,000 a year. Less than 10 per 
cent, of the road surface has been per 
manently improved in any way It 
has been estimated conservatively that 
;i moderate improvement which would 
permit four bales of cotton to be 
hauled at one load instead of three, 
and 75 bushels of wheat instead of 55, 
would effect a saving of $10,000,000 
mi the cost of hauling these two crops 
alone to market. 

The enormous volume of commodi- 
ties that finds either its origin or ita 
niuii destination on trie farm or in 'he 



THE IMPORTANCE OF IMPR< >VED ROADS 



71 



village must h« : r ausported >T<rr the 
dirt road, and pay toll to the obstruc- 
tions which that offers to traffic. The 
average country highroad makes coun- 
try life more lonely and less profita- 
ble than it would be; wastes time, 
wastes labor, wastes money, waste* 
life. It helps to make the farm unat- 
tractive, promotes the drift of popula- 
tion cityward, disturbs still further 
the balance of employment, aggravates 
almost every evil that we have come 
to associate with modern civilizaliou. 
The two subjects upon whkh it is 
easiest to arouse public interest today 
are regulation of freight rates and im- 
provement of waterways. Were all 
that is desired in either direction ac- 
complished, the result could not be 
compared, in cash value or in its so- 
cial effect upon country life, with the 
substantial improvement of the coun- 
try road. 

Good roads are expensive ; but it 
costs more money to do without them 
than to build them. The attempt to 
improve the highways by the old sys- 



The Flint Brick Co. 

H A.N V F A C T U R K R S () T 

VITRIFIED BRICK 
AND BLOCKS 

FOR 

Paving and Building 



DES MOINES 



IOWA 




The automobile that will be sold in the future will NOT !><• told by talk, but prospective buyers will, before placing their 
order fur a new car, i investigate the different models very thoroughly. This is why we invite you to inspect the new 
HUDSON "33" which has created so much comment throughout the whole country. 

W" only ask that you should call and learn something about this wonderful car In-fore you place your order, as it will 
help you in selecting any car, to get the value for your money. This great master-piece, having been designed by one of the 
ablest automobile engineers in this country, Mr. Howard Coffin, who, with vast experience has enabled him to produce a car 
of medium price, which is as good as any car Costing from fOOO to Jl.lfNl more. 

Let us talk to you about our guarantee OD the new I [udftOD "'.V.\." This alone will be ol vast interest to you. 



Moyer Automobile Company 



1 1 18 Locust St. 



DES MOINES. IOWA 



Please Mention "The Midwestern" in Answering Ads. We Would Appreciate It. 



72 



THE MIDWESTERN 




Corner of the dining room in the Hyperion Field and Motor Club 



tern of local supervision, small appro- 
priations, taxes worked out instead of 
paid in cash, and petty political con- 
trol wastes every dollar so expended. 
Improved highways must be built un- 
der the direction of state commissions, 
by the orders of state engineers, ac- 
cording to scientific methods. It is a 




CHENEY PROUTY 

l'res. Iowa Auto & Supply Co. 



bit of technical engineering; where re- 
sults will always be measured by the 
amount of money appropriated and 
the methods employed. 

The thing most to be avoided is the 
common error of proposed centraliza- 
tion, which generally shelters some- 
where the suggestion of a more or less 
genteel graft. Congressmen are ready 
to ask the federal government for bil- 
lions to build improved roads in the 
states, and appeal to local greed to 
support them. The system might eas- 
ily bankrupt the nation, but it would 
no more furnish the people with good 
roads than our system of internal im- 
provements has given them available 
waterways. The president has been 
compelled to say that the last "pork 
barrel" has been opened. Federal 
control of highway improvement 
would open not a pork barrel, but a 
slaughter house. 

Each state, and South Dakota no 
less than others, is equal to the task 
of creating its own system of improved 
highways. Carefvd and exhaustive ex- 
periments have been made and bulle- 
tins published by the Department of 
Agriculture, containing every detail of 
instruction for building and repair. 
The experience of states like New 
York and New Jersey and, in a lesser 
degree, those whose conditions are 
more similar to your own, such as your 



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Please Mention "The Midwestern" in Answering Ads. We Would Appreciate It. 

73 



A HOME FOR THE DES 
MOINES AUTO CLUB 



By JOHN GIBSON 
President Keystone Automobile and Supply Co. 



CJ~HE merging of the Iowa A uto Club 
and Hyperion Club into an or- 
ganization under the name of Hy- 
perion Field and Motor Club, Sept. 7th 
last, was an event of unusual import- 
ance and significance in our city — a 
"Greater Des Moines" achievement. 

The Jluto Club now has a club 
house, conceded to be one of the finest 
in the middle West, located about ten 
miles north of the city, on one of the 
most commanding hills in the county, 
surrounded by about one hundred acres 
of beautiful ground devoted to golf, ten- 
nis and other field sports. The club and 
county authorities are now engaged in 
building a fine road to the Club and with- 
in a short time the road will be in shape 
for auto travel every day in the year. 

The merger means a whole lot to 
auto owners, a dandy place to entertain 
our guests ana the backing of about four 
hundred live wires to father motor events. 
This is the most powerful organization 
in the west devoted to such a wide Variety 
of sports. 



THE IMPORTANCE OF IMPROVED ROADS 



SOLE AGENTS FOR 




AND 




fak 



ocomooite 



We do general repairing And carry a large stock of 
accetiories. We solicit your patronage. Try u». 

open day and iowa AUTOMOBILE AND SUPPLY CO. 4I 



Locust & Grand 



neighbor Minnesota, are at your 
service. You can have for the asking 
the information on which the state of 
Washington is proceeding to create 
probably the most extensive and valu- 
able system of improved highways to 
be found in any of the states. The 
materials required are all within your 
borders. Never was a problem simpler 
than that which the good roads move- 



ment offers. It consists in the provi- 
sion and apportionment of resources 
and the enforcement of rules that will 
exclude politics from this work and 
make it as strictly a business affair as 
if it were construction done for an in- 
dividual or a corporation. 

The state may do something. It 
might build two or three great high- 
ways traversing its area toward th» 





COUPE, 



$1,080 



Touring Car Body for Summer 
Uie. $125 Extra 

HERRING 
MOTOR CAR CO. 

912 Locust St. DES MOINES. IOWA 



Please Mention "The Midwestern" in Answering Ads. We Would Appreciate It. 



76 



THE MIDWESTERN 











I/ 1 


■ 












it*- »^M 



VERE REYNOLDS 
Member of the Hyperion Motor Club Committee 

four points of the compass, similar to 
the Roman roads that formed the basis 
of the road system of modern Europe, 
and adusted to meet similar roads 
built by the adjusted to meet similar 
roads built by the adjoining states. 
The state may also grant aid to the 
counties in proportion to their own 
actual cash expenditure for this pur- 
pose, but on no other basis and in no 
other way. Local enterprise should 
lead and local property bear the bur 
dens. Here is a good place not only 
to promote local prosperity and en- 
large the lives of those who are doing 
the work of the world, but also to 
make a stand against certain national 
ist theories, resurrected from the 
graves of Oriental despotisms, that 
would tend to corrupt the individual 
and destroy national character. 

The value of all farm property in 
South Dakota increased exactly 100 
per cent, between 1890 and 19i)0. Tt 
has probably kept the same pace in 
the ten years since. It depends in 
g r eat measure upon the country road. 
Make a road so smooth and strong 
that a traction engine can run over it 




EARL BUTLER 
Member of the Hyperion Motor Club Committee 



safely and easily at all seasons of the 
year, and you have done for the farm 
what the railroad does for the cities 
through which it runs; what the trol- 
ley does for the suburb. Wherever 
roads of this character are provided, 
the rise in the value of farm lands 
alone is greater in the aggregate than 
their entire cost of construction. 

The subject of your consideration is 
of the highest moment. You are not 
dealing with one of the "problems" 
with which the country is somewhat 
surfeited at present, but with facts 
easy at once to obtain and to under- 
stand. I feel certain that your treat- 
ment of them will be worthy of the 
rich, intelligent and honorably ambi- 
tious state to which you may render a 
great and lasting service. 






George Means is running his business in- 
dependently now, at his old quarters, 309- 
3 1 1 East Walnut street, a fact which 
speaks well for his success. A new addition 
has been built, 88x44 feet and an extensive 
repair shop has b p en put into operation. Mr. 
Means is a member of the Hyperion club. 



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TO 

$2,000 



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The BLACK-CROW CARS are the best in their class. 
Refinement of Design, Superior Workmanship and the Best 
of Materials make the BLACK-CROW the choice of care- 
ful buyers. Write for catalogue "A." Good Territory 
and fine proposition open for live agents. 



Musgrave Fence and Auto Co. 

=DES MOINES, IOWA 



Count Your Tire Cost 

then write for our booklet 'The Tire Perfect" which tells why 
Republic "Staggard Tread" Tires are more economical, wear 
longer and give better service than other tires. 

Add to this their greater safety — they don't skid 
and you have as perfect a tire as it is possible to make . 

REPUBLIC 

S T A G°A R D 

TREAD TIRES 

The big studs of solid rubber which form the 
"Staggard Tread" insure a "safety grip" that pre- 
vents skidding on any kind of wet or slimy road. 
That is the reason these tires offer the smoothest 
tread and no edge resistance while going forward 
but do give the greatest possible edge resistance (safety 
grip) when pushed sideways. 

Our booklet "The Tire Perfect" gives many facts 
about tires that will interest you. Write for a copy now. 

Harrah& Stewart Mfg. Co. 

DIRECT FACTORY AGENTS FOR IOWA 




Phone 
300 East 



We will 

gladly Call 

and 

show 

You 

TIRE. 



514-518 

East Court 

Avenue 



Please Mention "The Midwestern" in Answering Ads. We Would Appreciate It. 

77 



78 



THE MIDWESTERN 




H. B. GROVES 
Manager of United Motor Co. 




GEORGE ALLMART 
Cashier of the Iowa Automobile and Supply Co. 




IOWA ROADS 

GEORGE MEANS 






GEORGE MEANS 
lYes. of Means Auto Co. 



The automobilists of Iowa and central 
United States really do not appreciate the 
good roads we have. Just take a tour down 
through the old south and then you will 
never grumble about Iowa roads. 

It was my pleasure this last summer to 
be one of the participants in the Annual 
Glidden Tour which consisted of an en- 
durance run of 2,852 miles from Cincin- 
nati via Dallas, Tex., Des Moines to 
Chicago, covering 14 states in 16 days. 

Pen cannot begin to picture to the mind 
anything like a true presentation of the 
terrible, treacherous road stretches, sink 
holes, boggy swamps, mucky mires, rock 
bound, shaly gullies, hills, stumpy fields and 
forests, bridgeless streams, railroad beds, 
etc., which had to be conquered. 

You could not begin to describe the hard- 
ships and difficulties of that long, tiresome 
tour, and what a relief it was to get back 
home on Iowa roads. 

Reports did not tell the terrible strain, 
the twisting, wrenching, jarring, jerking 
each car was forced to undergo. Little 
wonder frames were wrenched in twain ; 
axles snapped like glass; wheels twisted off; 




The Aristocrat of Electric Cars 

More Mileage, more comfort, 
most luxurious appointments. 

THE COLUMBUS ELECTRIC 

Made in Coupe or Victoria 
Built by Columbus Buggy Co. A good guarantee 

RACINE SATTLEY CO., Des Moines la. 



^So^X3^fc 



Means Automobile Co. 

300-311 k. wninutst. rasMomns, iow* 



MOTOR CARS 

Moline35, $1600 
Moline 30, $1500 



Winner i°io (Hidden Tour 

n*t*r 4-Inch Bore by 6-Inch Stroke 
Torpedo Bodies 

PHONE 1 1 13 East 




Picas* Mention "The Midwestern" in Answering Ads. We Would Appreciate It. 




G. H. KAVANAGH 

Racine Sattlev Co. 



G. L. BARQUIST, 
President 



H. L. BARQUIST 
Sec'y-Treas 



St. John & Barquist 

Architectural Sheet 
Metal Workers 

All Kinds of Roofs and Steel Ceilings 



418 W. E'Ehth Street. 
Phone, Walnut 1620 



Des Moines 




If Intending to Build 



send 51. (Mi fur book of 
inexpensive houses with 

•RACTICAL SPECIFICATIONS. 

Nearly 100 plans and photos with 
costs .$100(1 to $10,000. 

LATEST AND BEST IDEAS 

C. E. EASTMAN CO.. Architects 

DES MOINES. IOWA 



A. C. BIGELOW 
Of the United Motor Co 




R, E. AI.I.MAKI' 
lit the Iowa Automobile Supplj Co 



GOOD ROADS 



81 



PATTERSON MOTOR CARS 



"30" TORPEDO 



he only car that finished the Des Moines-Omaha 
Sociability Run under its own power 




'40*' TOURING 



Nine Models, including Roadsters, Torpedo, Touring and 
Fore Door Cars 

Standard Motor Oar Co. 

(DISTRIBUTORS FOR IOWA AND NEBRASKA) 

8TH AND LOCUST STREETS DES MOINES, IOWA 



gears stripped; crank shafts broken; steer- 
ing arms twisted ; mufflers and mud aprons 
torn asunder. 

Do you wonder then why we are so 
loyal to our Moline car when it finished 
with total highest score against 38 other 
contestants and we did not even replace 
one part on three cars entered ? 



AUTOMOBILE TO SPREAD GOOD 
ROADS GOSPEL 

Starting from the city hall at New York 
City on Tuesday, November 23rd, the Ohio 
car went through the Munsey tour began a 
long and notable journey. In addition to 
spreading the gospel of good roads from 
New York to San Francisco by way of 
the Gulf of Mexico, it is the intention of 
the party to compile a record of cost of 
touring, keeping an exact record of every- 
thing used on the trip. The party is made 



Th8 Famous Westcott 



THE DEPENDABLE CAR 

The Westcott 45-50 Fore 1 >oor Car is the 
sensation of the season with a 4^+ x 5 in. 
rutenber motor, full floating timken axle, 
and graceful lines. It cannot be excelled by 
cars costing $3,000 to $4,000. Our prices 
range from $1890 to $2250. 



T. E. DYSON & SON 

407-409 FIFTH STREET 



up ot E. L. Ferguson representing the A. 
A. A., Guy Finney, representing the Ohio 
Motor Car Company, Charles Thatcher, 
and Fred D. Clark. As a great deal of the 
roads covered will be the worst possible, 
this trip will be watched with interest by 
the majority of tourists. 



THE EVERITT 30 

$1350 

THE GREATEST AUTOMO- 
BILE VALUE FOR 1911 



FORE DOOR MODEL 

$1400 

The most nifty car on the street. 
The Everitt is built by men who 
know how to build a successful car. 
It is mechanically right. 

Come and See Us 

The Dukehart 
Machinery Co. 

106-8-10 West Second St. 



Please Mention "The Midwestern" in Answering Ads. We Would Appreciate It. 




ROSS J. CLEMENS 
Manager of Standard Motor Co. 




W. B. JEFFREY 
Des Moines' growing list of automo- 



HARRY GRAY 
Of the United Motor Co 

bile men are receiving a welcome addition 
in the person of W. B. Jeffrey, who, with 
his brother, G. W. Jeffrey of Cedar 
Rapids, is taking on the agency for the 
Regal Automobile. 

Mr. Jeffrey is well known here, as a 
thorough business man, having a wide 
reputation for honest dealings through 
the Des Moines Vulcanizing Co., which 
has made rapid growth as the pioneer 
tire repair plant of the middle west. 

Mr. Jeffrey will continue to operate 
the tire repairing with the same thor- 
oughness that has characterized it 
throughout its successful progress, and 
is especially fitted because of his ex- 
perience and temperament, for handling 
the agency of a line of cars. 

His brother, who is coming from Cedar 
Rapids will enter with him, and this will 
make a strong firm and will be well re- 
ceived in Des Moines. 

The Regal people are fortunate in 
placing their cars with a live business 
establishment run by the Jeffrey Bros. 




DEPARTMENT 



83 



HIGHLAND PARK COLLEGE OF ENGINEERING 

Term Opens Jan. 2, Feb. 21. May II Dot Moines, la 

( )ne Of the Most Completely Equipped Eltfioaaftag 

Schools in the Country 

COURSES OFFERED 

1. Civil, Electrical and Mechanical Engineering Courses 

Standard courses are offered in Civil, Kleutriral and 
Mechanical KntfineeriiiK. Special opportunity is offered 
for making up work or for taking a complete course pre- 
paratory to the standard 1 Engineering Courses. Shop 
work from the beginning comes in preparatory courses. 
See our new Engineering catalogue. 

2. SHORT COURSES 

1. One Year Electrical Engineering Course. 

2. One Year Telephone Engineering Course, 

3. One Year Steam Engineering Course. 

4. One Year Machinists' Course. 

5. One Year Course in Mechanical Drawing 
6 One Year Automobile Machinists' Course. 

Just a fair common school education is all that is re- 
quired for entrance to these courses. These courses are 
very practical and are intended for those who have but 
limited education and do not see their way clear to take 
a Complete Engineering Course. The Machinists' and 
the Automobile Machinists' Courses are especially prac- 
tical. The machine shop is the most complete to be 
found in connection with any Engineering School in the 
("nited States. 

SPECIAL COURSES 
1. TRACTION ENGINEERING 

This is the most complete course in Traction Engineer- 
ing offered by any Engineering School in the Country, 
It may be Completed in three months. Students are 
taught how to make all repairs on engines as well as 
to handle them Knur traction Engines used for experi- 
mental purposes. 

2 GASOLINE AND AUTOMOBILE COURSES 

These courses may be completed in three months. 
They are exceedingly practical. The shops are fully 
equipped with gas engines and automobiles. Just a fair 
Common school education is all that is necessarv to enter. 

Address 0. H LONGWELL. Pres., Highland Park College. 
Des Moines. Iowa. 



There is no question but what there 
are numbers of very good cars in the 
market, there is no question but what 
there are a number of mechanics and 
designers that are better than others, 
so it is very profitable to the prospective 
buyer to become acquainted and look 
into all the models of the different makes 
before placing his order. 



E. C. MUSGKAVE 
Pres. Musgrave Fence and Automobile Co. 

INVESTIGATE BEFORE BUYING 

The prospective purchaser of an automo- 
bile should before placing his order for a 
car investigate the different models very 
thoroughly. There are some features on 
some 191 1 cars which are very profitable 
to the buyer. He should first become ac- 
quainted with the construction of the dif- 
ferent cars manufactured and selling for a 
price of which he has figured out in his 
mind that he should pay. He should then 
go through the construction very thorough- 
ly. He should make notes how the motor 
is constructed to prevent dust and grit 
working in through the parts and getting 
into the mechanism, lie should take par- 
ticular pains as to points of positive lubri- 
cation. He should note the simplicity and 
substantial construction. He should also 
note how the car is constructed to save 
the use of a number of useless parts which 
go to make up a lot of trouble and ex- 
pense after the car has been in use. 

Please Mention "The Midwestern" in Answering Ads. We Would Appreciate It. 









ELLIS, HOLLAND & SOWERS 

DES MOINES LIFE BLDG. 

"INSURANCE THAT INSURES" 









A PLACE OF INTEREST 




Window to be put in the new church at Charles 
City by the Allward-Bowman Co. 

Since early times, an art feature of great 
buildings has been the use of colored glass 
in the windows and yet very few people 
have the least conception regarding the 
manufacture of the beautiful windows even 
of the churches they attend. Learning that 
a speciality of memorial windows and art 
glass work was made by a Des Moines firm, 
I hunted up the Allward-Bowman Glass 
Company and found there the most inter- 
esting manufacturing plant I have seen for 
a long time. 

E. M. Leighton, the artist, is a young 
man whose whole soul is in the work and 
who has all the intelligence upon the sub- 
ject so necessary to the enthusiast. Mr. 
Leighton has been in Des Moines ten 
months. W. W. Henderson, president and 
manager has been with the firm since 1897. 

For each piece of work the necessary 
thing is a sketch in water color. Then the 
pieces for the central and principal parts 



are cut from glass specially prepared. These 
are painted with a mineral color such as is 
used on china after which the glass is fired 
in a gas kiln. When the figures are placed 
the filling in with bits of colored glass is 
done, also the leading. The work requires 
infinite patience and accurate skill, and Mr. 
Leighton 's description of method and mate- 
rial was quite an education to one totally 
ignorant of both. The gorgeous window 
of the State Historical Building is a good 
sample of their work and attracts attention. 
After seeing and hearing about the methods 
of doing this work, no window or piece of 
leaded glass can escape the attention. It is 
worked out as carefully and requires as 
great skill as is required by painters in oils, 
and the feeling for color and harmony must 
be as great as with artists in other lines. 
The Allward-Bowman establishment is a 
busy place indeed, as they have many ad- 
vance orders constantly on hand, and it is 
interesting to know that their work comes 
from all over America. At one time re- 
cently, they had orders to execute work in 
New Hampshire, Oregon, Missouri and 
Minnesota, all at the same time. Every 
Des Moines church has their work in its 
windows and the beautiful memorial win- 
dows in the Christian church were designed 
and executed by them. In Walnut, Illinois, 
Clarinda, Omaha, Moorehead, Minnesota, 
Huron, S. D., may be seen fine specimens 
of their recent work. In the Presbyterian 
church of Oskaloosa this company placed 
a memorial window for Maj. and Mrs. 
S. H. M. Byers in memory of their son 
Lawrence. Aside from the colored win- 
dows, Mr. Leighton furnishes exquisite de- 
signs for the plain leaded glass to be used 
in residences, and some fine work is being 
done for a handsome residence in Sterling, 
111., being erected by a former Des Moines 
resident. In the splendid $50,000 church 
designed by architects Liebbe, Nourse & 
Rasmussen in Charles City, the windows 
are to be furnished by the Allward-Bow- 
man Co., their designs being accepted in 
competition with several well known firms. 
Des Moines should certainly be proud to be 
the home of this competent and progressive 
establishment. 



A Christmas Store 



for Men . . . . 



There can be no doubt about "her" 
gift if you select it here. The Youn- 
ker label on the parcel is full guaran- 
tee of quality, of distinctiveness and 
appropriateness. And you may 
choose from the completed holiday 
stocks at half a hundred departments 
given over to assemblages of merchan- 
dise dear to the feminine heart. Many 
men shop here during the year-a// of 
them do at Xmas time. Eliminate 
doubt — get "her" gift at Iowa's log- 
ical gift store — the store that makes 
shopping easy for men. 




The Store of Christmas Cheer 



Iowa's Logical Gift Store 



Please Mention "The Midwestern" in Answering Ads. We Would Appreciate It. 

85 



MUSIC AND MUSICIANS 



Musicus 





GERVILLE-REACHE 

Who will sing at the Coliseum Festival 
next June 

NOW in order is the local production of 
"The Messiah" by the combined 
choirs of the city under the direction 
of Frederick Vance Evans, with the oc- 
companiments played by the St. Paul 
Symphony Orchestra. This great choral 
concert is announced for the afternoon and 
evening of December 21st and should en- 
gage the attention of the entire musical 
population of the city since it will be wor- 
thy in every respect. , 

Des Moines has long needed a great 
choral society and the present one is a good 
beginning to say the least, since it repre- 
sents the greater majority of the city's 
choir singers together with much outside 
talent which is not actively engaged in 
choir work. Not since the days of Dr. M. 



L. Bartlett's best efforts have been enjoyed 
a choral union and now that Mr. Evans has 
undertaken to continue the work it is hoped 
that his labors may meet with success in 
large measure. 

As a rule people in the ordinary walks 
o. f life do not care for oratorio music. They 
are more pleased with secular and concert 
chorus singing; yet it cannot bedenied that 
the appreciation of oratorio is a work of cul- 
ture greatly to be desired by any city as- 
piring to musical heights and very much in 
evidence in the best musical centers of the 
world. 

A first class choral society is a splendid 
sdhooling for a community and only through 
its conscientious efforts can the people be 
brought to an acceptance of the oratorios. 
It is necessary that the public should be 
given more frequent opportunities of be- 
coming acquainted with oratorio, and this 
cannot be satisfactorily accomplished when 
given by individual choirs since they never 
secure sufficient balance of voices to make 
the choral work effective. Then after the 
securing of an adequate chorus it is of far 
greater importance that a director be chos- 
en who is an authority to whom the chor- 
us may look for instruction along well es 
tablished lines of presenting oratorio. 

While the choruses are more gladly wel- 
comed by the average audience than the 
solo work, it is therefore imperative that 
the very best soloists be engaged in order 
to guarantee an acceptable preservation of 
oratorio, for be it known that if oratorio 
is not acceptable it is a most dismal bore. 
There is no middle ground. 

Now let us see how local conditions com- 
ply with these briefly sketched requisites. 
As before stated, we have the chorus and 
are assured that it is splendid. True, it is 
the best the city can afford since the co- 
operation is not unanimous, but it is the 
best available under existing conditions. 
There is the usual abundant supply of so- 
pranos and basses and a very acceptable 
force of altos and tenors — many of no little 
experience in singing the "Messiah." The 
chorus contains many soloists who have 
sung this work a number of times and these 
afford good leadership for those who have 



Appreciating the Old 
Masters 



Few people who attend the great modern opera, or listen to the 
famous concert performers, fully appreciate the depth and quality 
of the music they hear. 

This is not because we area people of low musical appreciation, 
but rather an evidence of perverted musical tastes. 

Close study of the works of the great composers has resulted 
in the growth of many fine musical temperaments. 

You may be in close touch with the master minds of music 
when you once possess the 

Kimball Player Piano 

In this wonderful instrument there is only the satisfaction of 
the master's rendition. 

As sensitive as human nature, it responds to the moods and 
emotions of the performer. 

Every advantage gained in the use of all expression levers, or 
any similar devices, is embodied in the Kimball Player Piano. 

Entire Range of the Piano 

the 88 keys of the modern instrument, is covered by this latest 
Kimball Player. 

Upon it the youngest novice can render with perfect technique 
the masterpieces of the ages; in the hands of a musical mind the pos- 
sibilities of fine shading, of correct phrasing, of soulful interpreta- 
tion and expression are unbounded. 

Hear and Enjoy 

the music you love by calling at our Store. You may have one of 
these wonderful instruments in your own home on reasonable month- 
ly installments, as they are sold on time payments as well as for cash. 

W. W. Kimball Co. 

ESTABLISHED 1857 

813 Walnut St. j& E. S. Randall, Mgr. 



Please Mention "The Midwestern" in Answering Ads. We Would Appreciate It. 

87 



THE MIDWESTERN 



had less experience. All in all, it is a 
splendid beginning towards a permanent 
choral union for the local presentation of 
big choral works, and it is hoped that an- 
other season may afford us the opportuni- 
ties of hearing some of the great works 
less sung than the "Messiah" 

Now as to the director. Upon the re- 
tirement of Dr. Bartlett from active choral 
conducting, it is well that his mantle should 
have fallen on Mr. Evans who is unques- 
tionably the most efficient conductor avail- 
able in the city. Naturally he lacked the 
traditional authority as a leader, which only 
years of study and experience can give, but 
he is capable of getting fine effects with his 
singers and this, coupled with an insatiable 
love for his work together with boundless 
enthusiasm for the successful culmination of 
his labors, stamps him as one who should 
receive the support of all who would see 
this cause triumphant. 

The soloists engaged to sing the work, 
are Grace Clark DeGraff, soprano, Gene- 
vieve Wheat-Baal, contralto, Holmes Cow- 
per, tenor, and Harry Murrison, basso, a 
goodly array, indeed, for local representa- 
tives, and with one or two exceptions quite 
the equal of any that might be imported 
with any touring orchestra. 

The St. Paul orchestra is one of the well- 
known and highly commended organiza- 
tions of the middle west and during the 
afternoon of Dec. 21st will give an attrac- 
tive program of orchestral works — includ- 
ing a symphony — for the enjoyment of all 
lovers of such music 

The place for these big feature concerts 
is to be the Coliseum and the price of seats 
is placed as moderate as the promoters of 
these concerts can afford to make. The 
question is not whether one cares to hear 
this particular oratorio given this season, 
but whether Des Moines cares to support a 
permanent choral union. If so, it will re- 
quire the placing of every possible shoulder 
to the wheel; for if this initial project is 
doomed to fail there is no assurance that 
its promoters will have the courage to un- 
dertake another. 

Let us all unite in making the perform- 
ance of the "Messiah" on December 2lst 
triumphant and thereby show to the choral 
interests that we are back of them and we 
want to hear more attractive things later 
as they grow in strength. 



December offers an abundance of music 
recitals and concerts before the entrance of 
the Holiday season. From that time there 
will be the usual lull in musical ambition 
save among the city's choirs in presenting 
their Christmas cantatas and sacred pro- 
grams. During the month of January, 
however, music interests will be revived and 
furnish a sufficient and varied list of attrac- 
tions until the close of the school year. 
December 6th presents Reinhold con Wahr- 
lich, a new baritone fresh from European 
study, in a song recital at Foster's Opera 
House. On the night of December 7th the 
Drake Conservatory concludes its artists' 
recitals for the Fall with a song recital by 
Albert Borroff, a young basso from Chica- 
go's abundance of singers. Then follows a 
concert, December 12th, by the Welch male 
chorus which offers another one of its at- 
tractive evenings of works for male voices 
in Foster's Opera House. Their coming 
promises to create quite a stir among their 
countrymen throughout the part of the state 
and their concert may be recommended to 
all who enjoy part singing by male voices. 

* * * # • 

George Frederick Ogden will present his 
second artist's recital on the night of De- 
cember 14th — the recital by Mrs. Bloom- 
field Zeisler having been his first contri- 
bution to Des Moines music enthusiasts. 
This second concert of his series will be a 
joint recital by that favorite singer, Lilla 
Ormond, of Boston, and the distinguished 
young pianist, Alfred Calzin— both well 
and favorably known locally Their ap- 
pearance on that night will be in the Cen- 
tral Christian Church. 

# * * * * 

Holmes Cowper, with his chorus of Uni- 
versity students, together with members of 
his faculty, will give the oratorio of the 
Messiah in the college auditorium on the 
night of December 15th. Then on the 
night of the 21st the choral union of the 
city offers the Messiah, accompanied by the 
St. Paul symphony orchestra, as the final 
music evening of the year. This great con- 
cert will be given in the Coliseum and will 
afford an evening of unusual interest for 
the gay holiday throngs of the city. More 
detailed information of these various con- 
certs will be given from time to time in the 
daily papers. Let all join in making these 
worthy musical evenings successful and 
thereby become attuned to the real spirit of 
the holiday season. 



MUSIC AND MUSICIANS 



89 







\ 


Swigert — Howard 
Manufactur'g Co. 

Makers of 

Custom Made Shirts 

and 

Underwear for Men 


One of the growing manufacturing concerns 
of Des Moines is the Swigert- Howard Mfg. Co., 
makers of custom made shirts and underwear 
for men. Though an old established firm of 
some fifteen years' operation in Des Moines 
with a large outside trade, there are a great 
many local people who do not appreciate the 
fact Des Moines affords the best possible custom 
made shirts and underwear through the efforts 
of this factory. Through the re-organization 
which took place some fifteen months ago, D. 
R. Mason was made president, Jesse R. Craw- 
ford, vice-president and W. S. Coates, treasur- 
er. This well known firm deserves the fine 
patronage they enjoy and their name stands for 
reliability and square dealing. 









Garnett Hedge, a former Des Moines 
musician, is now at the head of the Con- 
servatory of Music in connection with the 
University of Huron, S. Dak. Among his 
assistants are two young singers who re- 
ceived their training in this city — Lawrence 
Lewis and Gretchen Myers Lewis. A large 
enrollment and a most prosperous musical 
season is reported from this school. 

• # # • • 

Mrs. Florence Myers, one of our ef- 
ficient local accompanists, will spend the 
month of December en tour through Iowa, 
Nebraska, Dakota and Minnesota, with the 
Lewis Concert Company. Mrs. Myers is 
a conscientious pianist and will undoubtedly 
meet a well deserved success in this field of 
musical activity. 

# # » • * 

Miss Leone Hall, soprano soloist from 
the Greenwood Congregational church, al- 
so conducts one or two choirs out of the 
city. At Stuart, Miss Hall and her chorus 
will present the charming cantata 'As the 
Seasons come and go," words by Mrs. 
Neidig of this city and music by W. C. E. 
Seeboeck. The date of this concert is not 
yet announced but will occur shortly after 
the Holiday season. 

* • * • • 

The keynote of W. L. Hubbard's lecture 
on 'Appreciation of Music" in this city 
recently, was that music is art only as it is 
suggestive. If it inspires nobility, dignity 
and moral uplift, it is certainly ood art. 
On the other hand, if it produces d generate 



ideas, discontent and elements of discord it 
is certainly bad art. If it suggests nothing 
whatever to the hearer, it is to him dead 
art. There is no fixed standard from which 
to judge musical art; and it is for this 
reason that no two people are similarly im- 
pressed by the same musical production. 
Furthermore, what appeals to the listener 
today might not touch him tomorrow. 
Much depends upon the receptive condition 
which we bring to music more than upon 
mere technical proficiency in the art. As a 
rule, men are afraid of all art — whether it 
be music, painting or sculpture — since they 
are generally led to believe that they can 
experience no pleasure or satisfaction from 
it without first a technical knowledge of it. 
It was affirmed that this art knowledge is 
not conducive to the best enjoyment of art 
since it tends to make one super-critical and 
thus causes him to lose much of the real en- 
joyment otherwise possible. Art is most ef- 
fective when it stimulates the imagination 
and thus makes real what was before only 
dormant in one's mind. 

# » # » # 

George Frederick Ogden played the fol- 
lowing program of representative piano lit- 
erature at his annual recital, November 22, 
in the Central Christian Church, and also 
before the St. Joseph's Academy students 
November 26. 

PROGRAM. 

Overture Bach-Saint Saens 

Melody Gluck-Sgambati 

Rhapsody, G minor Brahms 



90 



THE MIDWESTERN 



Novellette, E major Schumann 

Sonata, Op. 26 Beethoven 

Andante con Variazioni 

Scherzo 

Marcia funebre 

Rondo 
Polonaise, C-sharp minor . . . Chopin 

Nocturne, C-sharp minor Chopin 

Etudes, Op. 25, No. 8; Op. 10, 

No. 10 Chopin 

Ballade, G minor Chopin 

Sonatine M. Ravel 

Modere 

Mouvement de Menuet 

Anime 

Two Arabesques C. Debussy 

Hungarian Rhapsodie, No. 6 F. Liszt 

* * * # * 

The Drake Conservatory presented Ralph 
Lawton, pianist, in recital November 30, 
in the University Auditorium. 

The program follows: 

Beethoven Minuet 

Scarlatti-Tausig Capriccio 

Beethoven-Rubenstein .... Turkish March 
Beethoven-Saint Saens — Chorus of 
Whirling Dervisches. 

(Ruins of Athens) 

Schumann Carnaval 

( Preamble — Pierrot, Arlequin, Valse 
noble,Eusebius Florestan, Coquette, 
Repl'que, Papillons, Lettres Dansantes 
Chiarina, Chopin, Estrella, Recconais- 
sance Pantolon et Columbine, Valse 
allemande, Paganini, Aveu, Prome- 
nade, Pause, Marche des Davidsbun- 
dler contre les Philistines.) 

Shutt Gavotte 

Debussy Claire La Lune Arabesque 

Leschetizsky Etude 

Liszt Hungarian Rhapsody No. 12 



Never before in the history of music 
in America has there ever been such, 
elaborate and expensive preparations 
made by all the orchestra and musical 
associations as this season of 1910-11. 

The New York Philharmonic under 
Mahler ; the Boston Symphony orches- 
tra under Fiedler; the Thomas orches- 
tra under Stock ; the Minneapolis Sym- 
phony under Oberhoffer; the New 
York Symphony under Damrosch, are 
vieing with each other in their engage- 
ments with the greatest artists, and the 



elaborateness of details of a long sea- 
son of notable concerts. But not a 
single one among these organizations 
with their great wealth and social in- 
fluence will have anything better in the 
matter of great artists and high class 
concerts than will be seen and heard 
at the second annual Greater Des 
Moines Music Festival in the Coliseum, 
April 3-4. 

The engagement of the world's great- 
est tenor, Bonci, would in itself make 
any occasion great; but he. is but one 
of several to be heard on this occasion. 
Not even second in importance is 
Jeanne Gerville-Reache, the greatest 
dramatic contralto of the age. In the 
coming of this great singer, Des Moines 
will hear one who has not been heard 
west of Chicago. Reache's operatic 
triumphs during her three years at the 
Manhattan opera house, New York, 
equalled those of Melba and Tettrizini. 
In fact, the Reache nights were the red 
letter nights at this famous opera 
house. Such leading critics of the 
country as Henderson of the New York 
Times; Fink of the New York Sun; 
Krehbiel of the New York Tribune ; De 
Koven of the New York World ; Phillip 
Hale of the Boston Herald; Lester of 
the Philadelphia American, and hun- 
dreds of others, have written of her 
wonderful voice and exceptional his- 
trionic abilities in terms of enthusiastic 
praise. Dr. Muck, conductor of the 
Boston Symphony orchestra, engaged 
Reache as soloist with the orchestra 
twice during the same season, and 
where her glorious voice and impas- 
sioned singing broke down the "no en- 
core" rule, and a conservative Boston 
audience gave way to vocal exclama- 
tions for more. 

Announcement has just been put 
forth that on account of Reache's pres- 
ence in this country next winter, the 
Chicago Grand Opera company has en- 
gaged her for a few special perform- 
ances of Delilah, with Dalmores as 
Samson, a part she made notable at the 
Manhattan. New York operagoers 
consider Reache even a greater Carmen 
than Calve. Reache is French, just 
past 30, of magnificent presence, and 
in the very fulness of her powers. She 
will be heard with full orchestra on the 
second night of the festival. Bonci is 



MUSIC AND MUSICIANS 



TN George Frederick Ogden Piano Studios 

Studios Chat Stand for Thoroughness 



BROWNE MARTIN 

Harmon)), Musical History, Counterpoint, Violin 



ELSIE HOLBROOK 
Assistant in Piano, Children 's Department 



Mr. Ogden offers a COMPLETE COURSE in artistic piano playing, with special stress 
upon the building of an adequate TECHNIC. 

A most thorough NORMAL COURSE is given, affording splendid training for those 
desiring to teach. 

The CHILDREN'S DEPARTMENT insures comparatively as complete growth as in 
that for adults. 

Pupils are given personal assistance in SECURING GOOD POSITIONS upon completing 
the full course. GRADUATES are now filling excellent positions as teachers and concert players. 

Pupils may enter at any time. Certificates awarded. 

For detailed information address either studio. 



235 K. P. ^lock 



DES MOINES 



1074 22nd Street 



Italian, and in his prime; Kellerman, 
the greatest among basses, for three 
years at the Berlin Royal opera house, 
is German, and will be the star of the 
afternoon concert. Other artists are: 
Mrs. Tewksbury, and probably, John 
Barnes Wells, tenor, and Pearl Bene- 
dict, contralto. Reache may be heard 
through the Victor records. 



The Des Moines Musical College enter- 
tained their students and friends with a re- 
ception-Musical, Nov. 8th. The guests 
were received by Dr. and Mrs. M. L. 
Bartlett and the members of the Society. 
The musical program consisted of vocal so- 
los by Mrs. J. Browne Martin and Miss 
Sylvia Garrison, piano solos by Frank Olin 
Thompson and violin solos by J. Brown 
Martin. 

The newly furnished studios were in- 
spected, refreshments served and a social 
hour indulged in. 

The faculty of the Des Moines Musical 
College has been enlarged by the addition 
ot Mrs. Helen Yates-Martin, soprano, who 
will teach in the vocal department, and 
Miss Elsa Rehmann, organist of St. Paul's 
church, who will have charge of the or- 
gan department. 




MISS MARGARET WALKER 

Whose new book, jail issued by the Itaker Ta\ loi 

Co., is proving one of the Lest sellers of the 

holiday season 



OUR LIBRARY TABLE 




Carolyn M. Oglivie 



MRS. EARLE'S BOOK 

A book which comes as a surprise to 
her friends in Iowa and elsewhere is 
from the pen of Mrs. I. M. Earle, who 
uses the nom de plume of Earlaine 
Morgan, her maiden name being ai or- 
gan and the "Earlaine" combining the 
•'Earle" happily. The first exclama- 
tion of Mrs. Earle 's friends is, "I 
didn't know you were a poet," to 
which she replies, "Not poetry, only 
jingles," and she has named the book 
"Jack Frost Jingles." Surely no 
more poetic conception of Jack Frost 
and his family, their doings and their 
lives has ever been put into words. 
The reader is first introduced to the 
Frost family, Jack, his wife, Bell Fluf- 
fy, and children, Spangle and Tingle 
and Sting. Their home is described — 
their pleasures and their work and 
habits of living. Tingle has a tragic 
love affair, brings home a bride to his 
northern home, where she freezes to 
death. Then Miss Spangle, sighing 
for a lover, and well knowing there 
are no men in her land, finally falls in 
love with the man in the moon. This 
love story, with the account of their 
wedding and honeymoon, is the most 
beautiful thing in the book and th? 
best worked out. The "Flag Raising 
at the Pole" is another excellent bit. 
Altogether the book has a fascination 
of its own, and each page adds to its 
interest as one reads. 

Mrs. Earle tells of an interesting ex 
perience in collecting these rhymes. 
They came to her when reading, sew- 



ing, walking about her daily tasks, 
and once formed in her mind she re- 
membered them, and finally decided to 
give them permanent form. Mrs. 
Earle has found herself worthy of a 
place among Iowa authors, which is an 
honor both to herself and the state. 

This volume is beautifully illustrat- 
ed by a well known local artist, Miss 
Ann Waters, whose work is most ad 
mirable. A big sale of "Jack Frost 
Jingles" is already assured. 



CHILDREN'S BOOKS FOR XMAS 

A clever book by John Rae is pub 
lished by Dodd, Mead & Co., called 
"Why: Reflections For Children," 
the reflections consisting of verses so 
printed that they need the use of a lit- 
tle mirror to make them read proper- 
ly and the mirror is found in the front 
of the book. The verse and illustra- 
tions are both by the author and are 
wonderfully clever. 

"Why have I got two 

Eyes and ears 

And but one mouth and nose. 

' ' Can you please tell : 

If jellies "jell," 

Why custards never "cuss?" 

Dodd, Mead & Co. $1.00. 



Two volumes arranged by T. J. 
Gould, with introductions by Howels, 
are of especial interest and value to 




MRS. I. M. EARLE (Earlaine Morgan) 
Authorof "Jack Frost Jingles" 

children in home and school. They 
are tales of the Romans and Greeks, 
called "The Children's Plutarch," the 
stories being taken from that great 
biographer's work. Although these 
tales from Plutarch's lives are told in 
simple language, the volumes might 
well have a place in any student's li- 
brary. Harper & Bros. 50c each. 
# # # 

"Captain of the Eleven" is the title 
of a story by Alden Arthur Knipe, a 




K"ZLi£' 




KATE l>< tUGLAS WIGGIN 
story for boys of ten to fourteen. 
Bunny, the hero, most lovable and 
captivating, was in the beginning a 



ANNE WATERS 
Illustrator of "Jack Frost Jingles' 



An Attractive Holiday Book 

Jack Frost Jingles 

By Earlaine Morgan 

[Ma. I. M. Earle] 
Illustrated in Colors by Ann IVaters 

Price 75c 



For Sale at the Leading Book Houses. 



94 



THE MIDWESTERN 



Scribner's Christmas Books 

AFRICAN GAME TRAILS 

By THEODORE ROOSEVELT 

His own account of his celebrated expedition. Splendidly illus- 
trated from photographs by Kermit Roosevelt and the naturalists 
of the expedition, as well as by full page photogravures from 
drawings. "This," says the New York Tribune, 'is of course, 
the book of the year." $4.00 net. Postpaid $4.33. 




Peter Pan 



By J. M. BARRIE. with 16 illustra- 
tions in color by ARTHUR RACKHAM 
A new edition of this classic for children, now so famous both 
for text and illustration at a moderate price. $1.50 net. 

Romantic California B ^ Ernest geixotto 

Charmingly illustrated with his own sketches, the book present 
picturesque conditions of life today in many parts of California 
unknown to the tourist. $2.50 net. Postpaid $2.72. 




The Poems of Eugene Field 

Here for the first time all the verse written by Eugene Field 
has been collected into one volume — one that resembles in 
form the one volume editions of the New England poets, as 
does the author's hold on the people resemble their popularity 
Complete edition, with portrait, 8vo $2.00 net. 

The Fugitive Freshman 

By RALPH D. PAINE 
Tells of a boy, who running away from college as the only 
way of getting out of a difficult situation, passes through a 
series of most entertaining adventures. Illustrated, $1.30. 

Mr. DoOley SayS By author of "Mr. Dooley 
in Peace and in war," etc. "The most essentially American 
humorist and the most distinctly American philosopher since 
Mark Twain." — New York Times Saturday Review. For 
every new Dooley book we are Dooley thankful." — Punch. 
$1.00 net. Postpaid $1.10. 



REST HARROW By maurice Hewlett 

ti Brings to a close the romance of Senhouse and Sanchia. 
"It is in thought, style, and expression a great book." — Phila- 
delphia Ledger. Illustrated $1.50. 

At the Villa Rose a detective story 

By A. E. W. Mason 
"An absorbing best seller." — 
N. Y. Evening Sun. IIlus. $1.50 



Cupid's Encyclopedia 

Compiled for Daniel Cupid by 
Oliver Herford and John Cecil 
Clay. With twelve full page il- 
lustrations and many decorations 
in colors and in pen and ink. A 
little book of exceeding wit and 
wisdom. $1 net, postpaid $1.10. 




CHARLES SCRIBNER'S SONS 153 Fifth Ave., N. Y. 



failure, a child who had never been 
encouraged to be his real self until lie 
goes away to school, where at first he 
appears a nobody. But his chance 
comes in a football game and he makes 
good, eventually leading in athletics 
and in his classes. Not the least inter- 
esting adventures are those of his sum- 
mer vacation, when Bunny wins out 
against odds in such a manner that he 
must be the idol of every normal boy's 



NOW IS THE TIME TO 

Frame Your Pictures 

We Frame in the Most Suitable Manner 
and at the LOWEST PRICES 

Photographs, Diplomas, 
Sketches, Prints, Etc. 

CALL AND SEE FOR YOURSELF 

ALEX. DICK 

Ye Gyfte Shoppe 



DES MOINES, IOWA 
813 Wa In ut Street 



heart. Any boy would appreciate this 
book as a gift. Harper & Bros. $1.25, 

* * * 

"Peter Pan,'- by J. M. Barrie, anc 

illustrated by Arthur Rackham, is one 
of the loveliest gift books of the sea- 
son. Peter in Kensington Gardens, his 
experiences, which fill the reader with 
delight and wonder. Happy the child 
who has this book among his Christ 
mas gifts. The sixteen illustrations in 
color add to the attractiveness of the 

book. Chas. Scribner Sons. $1.50. 

• * # 

Two beautiful volumes with lovely 
illustrations are "Mopsa The Fairy," 
by Jean Ingalow and "Bimbi Stories 
For Children," by Ouida. These won- 
derful tales penned by master hands 
have not their equals in the annals of 
modern story telling, and it is fitting 
that they should be given to us at this 
holiday time in this new and attrac- 
tive setting. They will delight the 
boys and girls for Christmas gifts, and 
any purchaser of books for children 
will do well to include these volumes 
in the list. J. B. Lippincott Co. $1.50. 




I lome of Suliurlian I 

Surburban Life, published in Harris- 
burg, Pa., is one of the most beautiful 
things of its class in the world. It is a 
country life and country home journal, de- 
voted to showing in pictures and describ- 
ing in point, the lovely home places in 
America, with an occasional foreign touch. 
Surburban Life is five years old and has al- 
ready reached a world wide circulation. 
The magazine was started in Boston, but 
was soon removed to New York, the busi- 
ness end of the journal being conducted 




ife in Ilarrislmr^, Pa. 

there. They now have offices in Boston, 
New York, Harrisburg and Chicago. The 
president of the company is Denman 
Blanchard of Boston, well known banker. 
Frank A. Arnold is the advertising manag- 
er, also secretary. J. Horace McFarland 
H the publisher and active manager, and 
the well known writer, E. I. Farrington 
is the able managing editor of the maga- 
zine. Parker Thayer Burns is assistant 
editor. The make-up and press work are 
well nigh perfect. Attention to forestry, 
gardening, poultry raising and various 
rural pursuits is given in its pages. The 
illustrations are beyond criticism. The 
Christmas issue deserves especial mention. 
Any man, woman or child who loves na- 
ture and the real things of life would ap- 
preciate a year's subscription to Suburban 
Life for a Christmas gift. 



J. HORACE MCFARLAND 
Ties. Suburban Life Co 



The Corner Book Store" 



Is the Place in 
which to Find 



die W's! things iii Books 1,1 all Kinds tin' 
Christmas Gifti, Bibles and testament! s 
specialty. Picture Framing tn order. A 
Full Line oi Magazines, 

H. JESSE MILLER 

Bm Locust Siren 



IN MEMORY 




WILLIAM BOWEN 



The sweetest spirit possessed him, the 
feeling of tolerance and kindliness feeling 
for all the world. Especially to those who 
seemed to be out of fortune did he extend 
a friendly cordial hand. The minister who 
spoke of him at the last, in that terrible 
hushed moment when the dead face lies 
wreathed in flowers, said that he was al- 
ways so radiant with good cheer, so jolly, 
that he found a welcome everywhere. How 
true this was of him. Added to this, he 
was actuated in all his ways by the highest 
nobility of motive. Thinking life over 
deeply, he did what he thought was best. 
Loving his own most tenderly, he was in 
turn their dearest treasure. A splendid man 
of business affairs, he was honored by all 
his associates. That this genial spirit could 
know sickness and pain and death seemed 
one of the incomprehensible things, a thing 
out of all harmony in God's creation of 
love. To the last moment he considered 
not his own sickness, but thought of his 
dear ones. Such a man — in brief tribute 
was William Bowen — beloved husband and 
father and faithful friend. We know that 
it is well with him and that he lives now 
more fully in the light of a new day. 



MRS. CHEEK 



In a sunny house in an old fashioned 
garden lived a lady whose presence was as 
full of cheer as the sunshine itself and 
whose voice was as lovely as the voices of 
the birds which came to sing in the trees 
of her garden. Born during the period of 
unrest which preceded the Civil War, she 
seemed to have imbibed a sense of patriot- 
ism and of loyalty to the Union which dom- 
inated her whole being. She loved the 
cause as a child, and ever after she loved 
a soldier for his espousal of the cause. No 
local G. A. R. meeting was complete with- 
out her, and she sang with inspiration at 
their gatherings. A camp fire, a post meet- 






ing, a soldier's funeral — these occasions 
found her ready to use her voice most glad- 
ly. All the poor and needy as well as her 
friends could command her services at any 
time. And this loving service so endeared 
her to the hearts of people all over Iowa 
that, in the announcement of her sudden 
death, November 15, 1910, thousands of 
eyes shed tears in the city and state. She 
has joined the choir invisible, and who can 
tell the joy of her song today. Mrs. Allie 
Smith Cheek was one of our loveliest and 
noblest and dearest ones. Blessed be her 



memory. 






UiMJliilRti 







TEN CENTS 
J COVY 



ATTORNEY GENERAL II. W. BYERS 
Candidate for the funior Senatorship <>f Iowa 

JANUARY, 1911 



ONE 'DOLLAR 
A YEATi 



Light vs. Darkness 

When the sun sets and the long winter evening 
comes, does the appearance of your store suffer 
by the change on account of your poor lighting 
facilities? Have you a really satisfactory 
means of fighting this darkness each day after 
sundown? You appreciate, of course, that dark- 
ness is a barrier to business unless you are able 
to dispel it and make your store as cheerful and 
attractive at night as it is during the day. The 
gloomy store is never attractive— it does not 
arrest attention. 

Flood every corner of your store, your show 
window and sidewalk with powerful light. The 
use of the inverted gas arc makes this possible. 
Send for our representative. He will furnish 
full particulars. 

Des Moines Gas Company 

412-14-16 WEST SEVENTH STREET 




When In Quarantine 

People who are in quarantine are not isolated if they have a Bell Telephone. 
The Bell Service brings cheer and encouragement to the sick, and is of value in 
^<C§Ew?>\ countless other ways. Friends, whether close at hand or far away, 
fW ^m Y£\ can k e eas ^y reached, because Bell Service is universal service. 




IOWA TELEPHONE COMPANY 

Please Mention "The Midwestern" In Answering Ads. We Would Appreciate It. 



Jfo to f par'H 



CYLL ou/ anJ senJ 
us //hs coupon, and 
we will send you a beautifully engraved 
Calendar; also each month a handsome 
engraving of great artistic value and prac- 
tical interest to all who own furs. 



Merchant's Transfer 
& Storage Co. 



NINTH AND 
MULBERRY 



Name 

Address 

Kind of Furs 

(MUFF, SCARF, COAT) 



AT THE CONVENTION 



The Blessed Suffragette leaned out 
O'er the reading-desk at seven; 
The speech she had prepared would 
take 
From eight until eleven. 
She had two white gloves on her 
hands, — 
And pins in her hat were seven. 

Her rohe, designed by Madame Rose, 
Hand-wrought flowers did adorn ; 

And a superb black chiffon coat 
Was very neatly worn. 

And the chains that hung around her 
throat 
Were yellower than corn. 

"I wish that we could vote, dear ones! 

For we will vote," she said. 
"Have I not on t he finest gown 



That Madame Rose has made? 
Are not good clothes a perfect strength, 
And shall I feel afraid?" 

She plumed and rustled and then 
spoke, — 

Less sad of speech than wild. 
She shouted gentle arguments 

That couldn't harm a child; 
And in terms quite acidulous 

The Antis she reviled. 

I saw her smile — but soon her smile 

Was turned to haughty sneers ; 
She thought she saw another gown 

More beautiful than hers ! 
She raised her lorgnon to her eyes, — 

Then wept. (I heard her tears!) 
— Carolyn Wells, in Harper's Magazine 

for January. 



FRESH CUT FLOWERS 



ForWEDDINGS, PARTIES. 
GIFTS. FUNERALS, ETC. 



Mail Orders Promptly 
Filled 



IOWA SEED CO. 



613-615 Locust Street 
DES MOINES, IOWA 



Greatest Reduction Sale of High Grade Furs 
Ever Held In Des Moines 



Sale Strictly Bonafide 

Coats and Sets 25 to 50 per 
cent Discount 



$350 Russian Pony Coat $225 
$375 Labrador Mink Set $250 
$250 Sable Set - $167.50 



<n R ^FFRFN MANUFACTURING FURRIER 

O . D . »J L_J 1 1\ l—ii^l 510-512 LOCUST STREET 



A REMEDY AT HAND 

In the history of Des Moines nobody 
has experienced a winter when coal 
dust and grime were more prevalent. 
Hence the demand for the services of 
the dry cleaner. And of all dry clean- 
ers, The New "Wardrobe stands su- 
preme. Their business during the pres- 
ent season almost demands another ad- 
dition to their commodious quarters. 
When one considers what a plight he 
would be in without a place for the re- 
newal of his wardrobe — the establish- 
ment of The New "Wardrobe, where 
things are made to appear new, is 
viewed in the light of public benefac- 
tion. To have so sure a remedy at hand 
is certainly a great fortune for the peo- 
ple of Des Moines and vicinity. Start 
out the New Year right by letting The 
New Wardrobe clean you up. 



Fourth and Walnut 



Favorite Pharmacy 



LLOYD B. COON 

Wishes his Friends and Patrons 

A Happy New Year 

And hopes for a continuance of the 
custom with which he has been favored. 

(Svery effort will he made to make 
this the best place in town for prescrip- 
tions, fanes toilet articles, drugs and the 
most delicious luncheonettes in the city. 



ANTICIPATION VS. REALIZATION 

By Anna Hiclcox Satterlee. 

You call the weather "withering," my 
dear, 

And wish for rain to "cool the atmo- 
sphere. ' ' 

Awhile ago, you prayed to see the sun, 

And wished the "tiresome rainy seas- 
on" done. 

You say the lawn has "such a somber 
tone;" 

Another time, 'twas "hard to keep it 
mown" 

The green grass grew so rank and won- 
drous fast — 

The change is quite conspicuous at last. 

You see the blossoms in the border-bed 
Lose, in the heat, their glowing gold 

and red, 
And you regret. Yet, I have heard 

you say : 
"I wish 'twere warm and pleasant 

ev'ry day." 

Not long ago you wished for balmy 
eves. 

When you, beneath a canopy of leaves,. 

Might dream of bliss, within a ham- 
mock wide — 

Yes, wide enough for you and one be- 
side. 

But now — Alas! you think of gnats 

and bees; 
Of ugly spiders spinning from the trees. 
As good prospective, most alluring 

seems, 
'Twould seem to better things to live 

in dreams. 



ESTABLISHED 1872 



U. S. DEPOSITORY 



Dalles National JSank 

CORNER WALNUT AND FOURTH STREETS 

We invite your active checking account 
and recommend the payment of bills by 
check, thus preserving competent receipt 

4 PER CENT INTEREST 

Paid on Savings Accounts in the 

Dalle? Savings Banh 

Under Same Management 
Deposits are protected by Combined Capital and Surplus 

$500,000.00 



R. A CRAWFORD, President 

D. S. CHAMBERLAIN, Vice-President 



C. T. COLE Jr., Vice-President 
W. E. BARRETT - Cashier 



CARPET CLEANING 

D. C. CARNAHAN 



MUTUAL 1541 
764 Ninth Street, 



IOWA 90 X 
DES MOINES, IOWA 



THE REAL THING 

Every normal man likes pic There- 
is a place in Des Moines where you can 
find pies and doughnuts like mother 

used t ake, Flaky, lender crust, 

plenty of filling, well seasoned, and a 
fine big piece — with a cup of their 
famous coffee — no wonder all mads in 
Des Moines lead to the Boston Lunch 
when meal time comes. And the dough- 
nuts can't lie heal en. Besides, there are 
dishes td suit the most capricious or the 
most fastidious palate — almost every- 
thing you ever heard of for luncheon. 

Open day and night, and always 
plenty for everybody. 




EDW.H. HUNTER, 

Presinent 
JAS. R. BAXTER, 

Vice-President 

G. A. DISSMORE, 

Cashier 



IOWA 

STATE 

BANK 



N. W. Cor. Sixth 
and Locust Sts. 



DES MOINES 
IOWA 



Capital, 
$50,000.00 



We Invite Commercial and Savings 
Accounts 



Pay Interest at 4"" on Money Left in 
Savings Accounts, Full Calendar Months 



Please Mention "The Midwestern" in Answering Ads. We Would Appreciate It. 



THE MIDWESTERN 



NO MORE WRINKLES 

I have a remedy that will speedily eradicate any case of 
wrinkles, on earth, no matter how bad or what the cause. 

Makes Men and Women of 50 Look 25 

To those unacquainted with 
the remedy this may seem a 
broad statement, but I am pre- 
pared to prove it by the same 
men and women whose appear- 
ance speaks for itself. 

The remedy has created a 
genuine sensation in this city 
by entirely restoring the youth- 
ful appearance in a number of 
bad cases of long standing, after 
all else had failed and they were 
given up as homeless. 
Here's whal it will do : 
It Makes Old Paces Young. 
Removes All Lines *nd Wrinkles. 
Corrects a Habby or Withered Skin. 
Makes Thin Faces Plump. 
Pills Out Hollow Cheeks. 
Develops the Bust Full and Round Without 

Massage. 
you have wasted your time using massage creams 
rollers, plasters, etc., this remedy will prove a revelation to 
you, and I want you to test it free and judge for yourself. 
STDCfT Full directions and sufficient of the remedy to 
show what it will do will be sent plain sealed to 




TRADE MARK 



If 



anyone for 4c postage. Address, 

MME. A. FOULAIRE. 

Cleveland, Ohio Station B. 

IMMEDIATE SUCCESS 

As was predicted by us, the Grand 
Cafeteria was an instant success from 
its first day of opening. The people of 
Des Moines showed that they knew a 
good thing when they see it and taste it. 
Every dish served from the steam 
tables is perfect, and one of the best 
cooks in the country is responsible for 
this. The menu is varied and the 
charges very moderate. The best people 
in Des Moines have discovered this 
splendid noon eating place and it has 
been filled to its capacity every day 
since opening. The hours at noon are 
from 11 :30 to 2:30. Supper is served 
from five to seven. The Grand is a de- 
lightful place to visit and take friends. 

Fourth floor of Grand Department 
Store. 



THE COUNTRY'S CHRISTMAS 

GIFTS 

There are some gifts this country needs, 
and that woman can put in its Christmas 
slocking. If she does not, America will 
go without them, day by day, through- 



out year after year, and suffer for the 
lack. One is the gift of pure food, in 
every home — pure food which never will 
be reached until the women of the United 
presence on the grocery shelves ,its safe- 
guarding by adequate law. 

Another gift needed is that of the right 
of every American child to live, to be 
educated until its fourteenth year, to be 
protected against the forces of greed and 
of evil. Chiristianity means this or it 
means nothing ;and yet babies all over the 
land die by the thousand, poisoned by stale 
milk or murdered by tenement conditions ; 
and little children toil, dwarfed and ex- 
ploited ,in American mills and mines and 
sweatshops. Not until evCry woman helps 
to give every child its life and its rights 
in our land has she come into the true 
national spirit of Christmas. 

A third is the gift of health. It rests 
with the woman to create the home, the 
school, the municipal conditions of whole- 
some living in each community. Pure air 
in every room, clean surroundings, sani- 
tary laws — these are no mystery beyond 
any woman's learning, or beyond the 
power of woman's concerted action to gain 
inside and outside their homes. All men 
agree, all doctors repeat, that woman alone 
can confer this gift of public health in all 
its details and" its fullness. 

There are others. But just these three — 
if 1 910 saw them given, what a Christmas 
Uncle Sam would have, and how he would 
rise up and call the givers blessed ! — Har- 
per's Bazar. 



Harrah & Stewart have taken the 
state and city agency for the Republic 
Tire and Rubber Co. of Youngstown, 
Ohio, and this will give Des Moines 
and Iowa automobile owners an oppor- 
tunity to purchase the famous Staggard 
Tire. This splendid product is in use 
among the best people in Eastern cities, 
people who know what is the best 
thing in the line of automobile tires. 
This tire is, shown elsewhere in the 
Midwestern and is the only tire which 
prevents skidding. Its construction 
also adds 25 per cent, to the life of the 
tire at small extra cost. Heretofore the 
Republic has handled their tires only 
in large cities and that they are now 
giving their business to Harrah & Stew- 
art certainly compliments that firm and 
shows their faith in the progressiveness 
of Des Moines and Iowa. 



Iowa Trust & Savings Bank 

N. E. Cor. East Fifth and Locust Sts., Des Moines Iowa 



Total 



AUDITOR'S CALL, SEPT. 14, 1910 

Capital Stock, $50,000.00 

Surplus & Undivided Profits, 9,840.75 
Deposits. - 563,840.01 

Total 



Loans, $449,701.19 

Real Estate and Fixtures, 1,958.27 
Overdrafts 1,833.19 

Cash and Due From Banks, $170,188.1 1 



$623,680.76 



$623,680.76 



Deposits September 14, 


1907, 


$254,901.07 


W. B. MARTIN. President 


Deposits September 1 4, 


1908, 


332 583.10 


G. S. G1LBERTSON, Vice-President 


Deposits September 14, 


1909, 


508,914.22 


A. O. HAUGE, Cashier 


Deposits September 14, 


1910, 


563,840.01 


L. M BARLOW. Asst. Cashier 



XTbe /Iftecbanics Savings Bank 

mHisbes ITts patrons 
anb yrienbs 

R 1bapp\> anb prosperous ftew JJ?ear 



HENRY WAGNER, Pre.ick.it 

J. A. T. HULL, Vice President 



OFFICERS 



J A. McKINNEY, Cashier 

D. J. VAN LIEW. Asst. Cashier 



Capital City State Bank 

Bank Building, East 5th and Locust Street 
DES MOINES, IOWA 

Capital and Surplus $120,000.00 
Deposits $1,579,926.76 

If you are looking about for the services of an institution well equipped to 
transact all branches of legitimate banking this bank solicits your business, 
promising liberal treatment and courteous consideration. 



Please Mention "The Midwestern" in Answering Ads. We Would Appreciate It. 



Greetings from the Editor 

I have been sitting here a long, long time, looking 
over a pile of Christmas cards and of little gifts 
sent to me as "Editor of the Midwestern" — in my 
official capacity as editor only — from people whom 
1 do not know — and wondering what good wish I 
might send them in return for such sweet kindness 
as is expressed in these holiday reminders. And I 
have come to this conclusion dear friends — both 
known and unknown. I have a wish for you — May 
the new year bring you Faith. 

TT TT TV 

Is not life built upon Faith, or torn down and de- 
stroyed by lack of it? 

To know that only the good is true and that only 
the good is real — then have perfect faith in your- 
self, in life — in the future — what more blessed state 

could I ask for you? 

# # * 

How many people have you known who, although 
well endowed, have failed because they doubted? 
At the beginning of all faith, is the glorious message 
given to us all, that God is our Father, and that we 
are created in His likeness and image, and heirs to 
all that belongs to Him. Everything else follows in 
natural sequence, if we believe. 

So I am wishing for you all Faith, and then more 

Faith, in the things that are real and eternal. Could 

I give you a better wish for 1911? And thank you 

every one for remembering me in my work. 
# # * 

A word of gratitude to my business friends, to 
the friends who had faith in our project from the 
very first, is gladly given in this New Year's num- 
ber. Most of these friends have given us loyal sup- 
port during our four years of existence and they 
shall always command us at will. The new friends 
are gladly welcomed, but it is to the 'old friends 
we would drink for 1911. The business men and 
women of Des Moines cannot be surpassed in true 
worth anywhere. They are making Des Moines a 
great city. 



We much regret several errors in our Christ- 
mas issue, chief among them the omission of the 
name of Charles Snyder as author of the excellent 
history of the Hyperion club, which has been praised 
by all who saw it, also the misspelling of the names of 
the splendid architects who built the Hyperion Club 
house. The name should have been Kraetsch. 
# # • 

A cordial invitation is extended to our out-of-town 
friends to call when in the city. This will be legis- 
lative winter, and many of you will be coming to 
Des Moines. Run in and see us. 

Carolyn M. Ogilvie. 



tup MTriWF'ZTF'R N- Entered at the Des SKCoines Post Office as Second Class Matter 

I lit. IVIlUW&Zl&m\. $ , QOptr Y eat Copyright 1911, all Rights Reserved 



{University State Bank 

DES MOINES, IOWA 

CAPITAL - $50,000.00 



Four per cent interest paid on Savings Accounts 

Drafts and Foreign Money Orders 

Safety Deposit Boxes 



WE SOLICIT YOUR PATRONAGE 



B. F. PRUNTY, President B. FRANK PRUNTY, Cashier B. D. VAN METER, Ass't Cashier 



GERMAN SAVINGS BANK 

DES MOINES, IOWA 

General Banking 



JAMES WATT, President JESSE O. WELLS, Vice President 

J. C. O'DONNELL, Vice President J. H. HOGAN, Cashier 

DIRECTORS 

Jesse O. Wells L. H. Kurtz James Watt 

Wm. M. Wilcoxen H. B. Hawley L.J. Klemm 

Jerry B. Sullivan James C. O'Donnell 



COMBINED RESOURCES 
One Million Five Hundred Thousand Dollars 

Please Mention "The Midwestern" in Answering Ads. We Would Appreciate It. 

7 




Hnstelle 



MRS. KAl.l'll BOLTON AND CHILDREN, BERENE ami Kl I'll 



The Midwestern 



VOLUME V 



JANUARY, 191 



NUMBER 5 



YOUTH CALLING TO YOUTH 



WITH the painstaking care oi' 
one pruUQ ut ins won;, eon 
fident of his ability ana nrm 
in the conviction that he 
knows what to do and how to do it, 
the man deftly spread the napery, 
placed the china, the silver and the 
cut glass upon the round table that 
stood beneath the glowing electrolier. 
He worked silently, swiftly and cer- 
tainly. Each article had its place, and 
when the task was completed the man 
stepped back a few paces, cast a criti- 
cal eye over what he had done and 
seemed satisfied. 

As noiselessly as a cat might move, 
over a heavy rug, the man walked to 
a swing door. Presently he returned, 
carrying on a chased salver a silvei 
tureen, and beside it, on a plate gar- 
nished with bits of parsley, a broiled 
brook trout. These he placed in front 
of the one plate that was upon the 
table. He stenped to the wall and, 
grasping the heavy Louis XIV chair 
by its high back, he lifted it, but not 
without an effort, and swung it into 
its place. He looked at his watch- 
then walking to the swing door thai 
led to the butler's pantry, pressed a 
button in the wall and the ceiling and 
side lights were extinguished, leaving 
burning onlv those in the low-hung 
chandelier above the table. With the 
dignity that befits the trained man 
servant he walked to a door at the 
far end of the room, onened it and 
snoke a few words to its occupant. 
He walked back to the sideboard and 
in the shadow, that now clung about 
all in the room save the table top, lie 
stood at respectful attention. 



In a moment the door opened, and 
silhouetted against the brilliancy of 
the room beyond stood a man of large, 
well-proportioned frame. He took hid 
place at the table and thus came into 
the full glare of the glowing globes 
above him. He glanced at the table 
and the utter loneliness of his position 
struck him. One plate, one service of 
soup, one of fish ; a single square o 1 
butter, a small plate of bread ; in fact, 
the table, in the entirety of its equip- 
ment, was for one. The silence of the 
room impressed, even oppressed, him 
for the first time in twenty years, and 
he realized, as never before, that he 
was alone. At first he smiled, for had 
he not been alone for nearly a quarter 
of a century? Had he not dined as 
he was doing this evening, with no one 
to keep him company except his recol- 
lections, and the airy personages that 
fancy coniured up? 

The butler stepped from the shadow 
and reached out to remove the top of 
the soup tureen, but Norton Fremont 
stopped him by a gesture and Johnson 
merged into the gloom. 

The smile had left the handsome 
face of the man taking with it the sug 
gestion of youth it had imparted and 
now, with the muscles in repose, lie 
looked his years, well preserved, to be 
sure, but yet unmistakable. With his 
thoughts elsewhere, he mechanically 
lifted the cover of the tureen and 
placed it aside, and in the same man 
ner he dipped the silver ladle into the 
liquid and poured its contents into his 
plate, then he waited as though un- 
certain what to do. Presently he drew 
a long breath and the action brought 



10 



THE MIDWESTERN 



him back to the present with a start. 
And he began his meal, but in the 
manner of a man satiated with food. 

"How many years have we been to- 
gether, Johnson?" he presently asked 
without turning his head. 

"Twenty-five, sir, coming next 
May." 

"Twenty-five. That's a long time, 
Johnson. We were young men then, 
you and I." 

"Yes, sir. You were just twenty- 
six, sir. It was your birthday when 
I became your valet. I was in my 
thirty-second year then, sir." 

"Twenty-six and twenty-five makes 
fifty-one. It is possible, Johnson, that 
there is no fool like an old fool." 

"Meaning the wedding, sir?" His 
butler suggested with that rising in- 
flection which means nothing or much 
as the one addressed chooses. 

"Yes, meaning the wedding," Mr. 
Fremont replied, after a hesitation 
that came from wandering thoughts 
rather than a disinclination to answer. 
"During all these twenty-six years, 
my friend — for you are my friend, 
Johnson, the closest one I ever had — 
I have been imagining a wife sitting 
there," and he indicated the opposite 
side of the table. "Each appealing 
face I saw from day to day found its 
counterpart in the one that came to 
my mind's eye each evening. Tonight 
it might he a blonde of the flesh-fleshy 
type: tomorrow night a brunette 
would gaze at me with great soulful 
eyes of brown ; she would be succeeded 
by an elfin creature as frail and deli 
cate as a bit of bisome. then would 
come some radiant nhantom, a mass 
of Titian hair mal'inq; her as glorious 
as a sunrise. 

His knife, balanced across his index 
finger, played a metallic tattoo on the 
table, and the silence was broken by 
the respectful "Yes, sir," of the but. 
ler. 

"But I bit mv thumbs at them ali, 
Johnson," Fremont resumed with a 
forced effort at bravado, "why I actu 
ally srew insolent in the belief that 1 
was immune and a bachelor because I 
wanted to be." 

Fremont ran the fingers of one hand 
through his thick gray hair, a smile 



flickered about his mouth as he 
laughed softly. He turned toward his 
butler and laughed again. 

"Yes," he said, "and that is the 
funny part of it. Just to humiliate 
me in my own eyes and estimation 1 
was made to fall head over heels in 
love with a girl not twenty-four." 

"Well, sir, there is this to be said 
in favor of a youngish person — she 
isn't set in her ways, sir," the butler 
answered in a tone that implied a 
philosophical determination to make 
the best of what could not be avoided. 
"When the Duke of Beaufort — for 
three generations, sir, we were at- 
tached to the family — married the old 
Marchioness of Headleigh — " 

"You have told me the story, John- 
son," Fremont interrupted, for he was 
in no mood to listen again to the tale 
of domestic bickerings. 

"Ah, yes, sir, I had forgotten! Beg 
pardon, sir." 

"Not set in her ways," and the soli- 
tary diner gave audible expression of 
his thought. "As our friend of Strat- 
ford has it, 'There's the rub." He 
leaned back in his chair and addressed 
his butler friend directly. "Suppose 
she concludes that my whole routine 
and system of life is wrong; that 1 
ought to go to bed at eleven o'clock, 
not two; that I should rise at seven, 
not nine?" 

"It would be inconvenient, sir." 

"Inconvenient! It would be bar- 
barous! Suppose she concludes that 
my eggs would be more nutritious if 
they were boiled two minutes instead 
of four; that some sort of breakfast 
food is necessary to my well-being; 
that I must drink cream in my coffee? 
You know they say some wives do 
those things." 

"Yes, sir, but it may be all right if 
you don't give in at first," was the 
not very cheering observation of the 
conservative butler. 

"Maybe she'll decide that I am to 
wear English twills instead of Scotch 
worsteds," Fremont continued in the 
same pessimistic and foreboding vein. 
"T am sure she will want an automo- 
bile — and you know how I despise 
them, Johnson. 

"Yes, sir, but they are very fashion 



YOUTH CALLING TO YOUTH 



11 



able, and everybody has one or more." 

"That's the trouble. Why, John- 
son, I know people who maintain $5,- 
000 cars and live in ' rented houses. 
Their chauffeurs smell of gasoline 
when they serve the soup." 

"Well, sir, in these matrimonial 
matters, we've got to take a chance," 
Johnson observed with quiet resigna- 
tion. 

"What if she takes a notion to con 
vert the old den into a sewing room ? ' ' 
The thought seemed to arouse Fre- 
mont, for he turned quickly to his but- 
ler. "No, Johnson! I won't permit 
that, even if it causes a family squab- 
ble! That room is too dear, too 
sacred with memories and friendships 
of twenty-five years. She shan't have 
that room," he said emphatically. 
"That's mine and she*s got to leave 
it alone." 

"And what will happen to the old 
crowd?" Fremont asked in a tone 
more of reflection that inquiry. "I 
never thought of that. I am playing 
those boys a miserable low-down trick. 
Why, we've been meeting here once a 
week for twenty years — maybe they'll 
resent the presence of a woman? I've 
been selfish. I haven't taken them 
into consideration at all. None of 
them knew it until today, and what 
will they say? Suppose they don't 
like her?" he asked with sudden en- 
ergy, "you know it is possible, John- 
son; in fact, it is probable, for Bill 
Wilmot, Jack Holland, Lew Tyler, and 
the rest are peculiar. Then there's 
Dick Ranier, back after twenty-five 
years to take his old place in our 
hearts. Dick is odd, too. I wish I had 
taken the boys more into my confi- 
dence. Sometimes, Johnson, I can't 
help wishing I hadn't — " 

But the faint buzz of the front door 
bell cut the sentence short. Johnson 
stepped from the shadow, and the con- 
fidant became again the servant. "If 
it is some one to see you, sir, are you 
at home he askeii? 

"Not unless it is one of the old 
crowd." 

"Hello, Dick, I couldn't make you 
out. I'm not hungry tonight." 

"Ih, tut, tut! What's gone wrong 
with you today?" 



"It isn't today, Dick, it's been going 
wrong for a month. Why, my old 
friend, I'm beginning to believe that 
some one else is about half sorry." 

"You mean — " 

"Yes, I've noticed it in a hundred 
ways. Dick, you don't know how 
much I love that girl, in spite of the 
fear of losing my liberty by marrying 
her. Why, on her I am showering the 
pent-up affection of fifty years — fifty 
years! That's what hurts, Dick. I 
known better." Yon don't know what 
a love like mine is." 

"I don't know, eh?" said Ranier as 
he turned toward his friend. "But I 
do, Nort, indeed I do," and he nodded 
his head to emphasize his statement 
"When you were in school at Heidel 
berg — that was thirty years ago — you 
stayed there four years. Some things 
happened in the old town then of 
which you never heard. One was my 
own little tragedy." 

"Dick!" Fremont exclaimed, his 
voice carrying with it compassion and 
surprise. 

"And believe me, my friend, the 
wound of that affair never healed. I 
want you to understand, Norton, that 
I know how you love this girl, for in 
the same way I loved — her mother." 

"You — you loved Margaret Dud- 
ley?" 

"Excuse me, sir," aroused Fre- 
mont to the fact that his servant was 
standing beside him, a salver extended 
on which was a card. He picked it 
up listlessly, but as he glanced at the 
name he was quickened into mental 
activity. 

Entering the parlor Fremont walked 
quickly to the woman who arose to 
greet him. ' ' Margaret ! ' ' was all he 
said as he took her hand. 

The woman seemed ill at ease. Her 
face, still beautiful, was hallowed by 
nearly fifty years of pure living, while 
her attire and bearing reflected the 
person of culture and refinement. 

"You and I have known each other 
for forty years," she said in a tone so 
low as to be scarcely audible. "Ws 
were boy and girl together. There 
should not be restraint between us and 
yet—" 



1-i 



THE MIDWESTERN 



"In your own time, Margaret," Fre- 
mont said, as though to hispel his 
caller's nervousness. Then, with just 
a shade of anxiety in his voice, he 
asked, "Is it about Helen?" 

"Yes," she who had been Margaret 
Dudely answered, "and it is our long 
acquaintance that makes it so difficult 
for me — oh, Norton," she exclaimed 
wit hsudden energy, "there has been 
a dreadful mistake made — a mistake 
for both of you. It is to prevent its 
consummation that I am here — Helen's 
happiness is at stake — it is the mother 
love — " 

Fremont was stunned to silence. He 
moistened his lips with his tongue, and 
rubbed one hand over his forehead and 
eyes as though to. rouse himself from 
a disagreeable dream. 

"Helen's happiness!" he said as 
though to himself "Heeln's happi- 
ness ! You mean she wants me to re- 
lease her — to give her back her free 
dom?" 

Mrs. Grayson nodded her assent, 
fearing to trust herself with the 
spoken words. 

"Helen's wish is my law," Fremont 
said slowly as though pronouncing his 
own doom. "But it shocks and stag- 
gers me. Why? Margaret, why?" he 
asked pleadingly. 

"It is youth crying out to youth, 1 ' 
she replied. Fremont buried his face 
in his hands and seemed to cover his 
ears to keep out the hateful words 2 
the ones he had used himself but 
which now stung like the lash of quirt. 
"Don't, Norton," Mrs. Grayson 
bogged as she laid one hand in mother- 
ly caress upon the gray head of her 
companion. "She honestly thoughl 
h erregard for you was love, but a 
month ago came the first, faint call 
that awoke her heart. Association 
aroused her to a full realization. The 
man — the soul of honor, Norton — told 
her of his love today. Now, knowing 
your engagement, he is to start for 
Eurone tomorrow. Helen will keen 
her word to you if you insist. Will 
you?" 



It was some moments before Fre- 
mont spoke. "Who — who is — who is 
the youth?" he. asked. 

"John Ranier," she said. 

"Dick Ranier 's boy?" he almost 
whispered. 

"Dick Ranier 's boy," she repeated. 
"It is an awful thing, Norton, for a 
girl to marry the wrong man, no mat- 
ter who he is." 

"Yes, yes, Margaret," Fremont an- 
swered, his thoughts more on the story 
of his old friend, sitting in the room 
yonder, than on his own little tragedy. 
"It is youth calling to youth," he said. 
Then he added. "Go home and tell 
Helen she is free — that Norton Fre- 
mont realizes he is too old — too old — "' 
But his voice faltered and he was si- 
lent. Presently he continued, "It is 
better for me to regret for twenty 
years than her to regret a lifetime. 
I'll stoy the young man's foreign trip 
tonight. ' ' 

' ' Norton ! ' ' and Mrs. Grayson impul- 
sively took his hand. " You don't 
know — ' ' 

"Never mind, Margaret. "We can't 
all and always have what we want." 
He stepped to the hall and pressed an 
annunciator. Johnson immediately ap- 
peared. 

"Johnson, please escort Mrs. Grp " 
son to her home. No protest, Mar- 
garet. I know it is not far, but you 
will feel safer." 

Mrs. Grayson walked to the door, 
where she stopped and turned. The 
man who was close to her took the 
tips of her fingers in his and bent low 
as he kissed her hand. Johnson opened 
the outer door and the two passed 
into the darkness. 

Fremont stood motionless for several 
minutes. Then he shook himself an<~ 
walked to the dining room. 

"All right, Dick," he exclaimed. 
Then more seriously he added, ' ! I 
want about ten minutes of your time, 
old fellow ,then we'll take a walk and 
we may find the old crowd of old fel- 
lows at the old club." 

Youngs. 



WOMEN THE WORLD OVER 



Sarah Grand, the suffragette leader, de- 
clares that feminine apathy is the real cause 
of woman's failure to obtain the franchise 
in the United Kingdom of Great Britain 
and Ireland. The real reason these women 
do hot want the vote," she says, "and their 
objection to their own enfranchisement is 
because they see in it the danger of having 
to attend seriously to a new duty. It is 
when there is more to do in the world is in 
prospect that they remember that the wo- 
man's sphere is the home, and they spend 
half their time in each other's houses ad- 
miring the domestic virtues with which they 
credit themselves on the strength of this 
argument. The woman who, when she is 
wanted to help right a wrong, refuses for 
the reason that she has more than enough to 
do at home is usually the woman who will, 
if she can, spend her days in gadding about, 
her nights in bridge, and her wits in un- 
edifying conversation." 



Mary Garden wore the biggest and most 
stunning hat in her collection of chapeaus 
at Mrs. Oliver B. Sargent's box party at 
the Lyric at the benefit for the Art and 
"Travel club's scholarship fund. "They 
would not let me wear a hat in a box in 
one of the Chicago theaters," she said. "But 
who cares? Who cares? My hats and I 
refuse to be suppressed. We can 'come 
back.' " Miss Garden's hat was an enor- 
mous violet affair, with a long blue plume. 
Her gown was of black satin, with mallow- 
colored spangles. She also wore her 
$10,000 silver fox furs. 



The most romantic royal courtship in the 
modern annals of Europe culminated in 
the marriage of Prince Victor Napoleon, 
Bonapartist pretender to the throne of 
France, to the Princess Clementine of Bel- 
gium, youngest daughter of the late King 
Leopold. 



Members of the Woman's Christian 
Temperance Union worked strenuously in 
the recent contest between the wets and 
drys in Missouri. One speaker traveled 47 
miles of mountain roads and held two con- 



ferences and gave one lecture in two days; 
another rode over 80 miles of mountain 
roads in two days. 

* * * * 

Kansas City has a woman policeman. 
Her name is Eleanor Canny and she is in 
charge of all the public playgrounds of the 
city. 

■5}- ■Jfc flfc v 

The American women are following in 
the footsteps of the English suffragists 
whose monster parade in London has been 
heralded all over the world. A few days 
ago a great temperance parade of men and 
women was held in Portland, Oregon. The 
procession was 100 blocks long and it took 
over an hour for it to pass a given point. 
Most of the women rode in automobiles, 
carriages or floats, but many walked in line. 
One of the banners bore the inscription "If 
Kansas kan the kan, Oregon kan." 

* * * * 

Madame Breshkovsky, the famous Rus- 
sian woman who is called "The Little 
Grandmother,, by her followers and who 
was condemned to Siberia for the utter- 
ance of what she considered patriotism, has 
at last been heard from. She is on her way 
to Siberia and suffering from scurvy. She 
is allowed twenty cents a day for food. 
Madame Breshkovsky will be remembered 
by many who heard her in America as a 
woman of great intellectual attainments and 
a heart full of love for her countrymen. 

* * * # 

Every sailor on the Delaware is the 
proud possessor of a comfort bag, which 
was presented to him by the Woman's 
Christian Temperance Union, of the state 
of Delaware, through Mrs. Ella Thatcher, 
the world's superintendent of work among 
sailors. There were 800 bags for the sail- 
ors who responded to the gift with rousing 
cheers led by their commander. These com- 
fort bags are made of denim and contain 
sewing material, plasters, disinfectant rem- 
edies for sores and burns, scissors, a New 
Testament, a hymnal and a letter from the 
woman who made the bag, just such a let- 
ter as an anxious mother would write to her 
very own son if he was>,going away to be 
a Jackie tar. 



14 



THE MIDWESTERN 



Sarah Bernhardt has accepted the hon- 
orary vice presidency of the Joan of Arc 
Suffrage League of New York City and on 
her arrival in that city she was welcomed 
by its members who came to the pier waving 
yellow banners and wearing big yellow 
chrysanthemums. 

* * * * 

Miss Mabel Macher, who has been for 
some time in charge of the New York City 
eye and ear infirmity, has accepted the po- 
sition of head nurse of the University of 
Pennsylvania medical school in Canton, Chi- 
na, and will soon sail for her new post of 
duty. 



HOW "CHANTICLER" CAME TO BE 

WRITTEN 

Ange Galdemar, in his account of Ed- 
mond Rostand's career, gives M. Rostand's 
own story of the genesis of "Chantecler" as 

follolws: 

"And, indulging his recollections, M. 
Rostand told me: 

" 'I had gone for a walk. I had occa- 
sion, while I waited in the yard, my eyes 
were attracted by a blackbird hopping about 
in a cage. A cock entered. Noticing the 
sudden attitude of the blackbird, I said to 
myself, "He is most certainly poking fun 
at the cock. Does the cock see it?" 1'hat 
was the origin of "Chantecler" — comedy 
among the animals. 

" 'No sooner had I jotted down the first 
verse of my play than I invited Coquelin to 
Cambo. I wanted him to take the part of 
the cock. But I felt a doubt in my mind. 
Would the actors consent to play in a piece 
ot this description? Coquelin reassured 
me, encouraged me, and, yielding to the im- 




pulse of his generous nature, soon became 
enthusiastic over the new idea. Dear Co- 
quelin ! Death took him from us at the 
moment when "Chantecler" was to be put 
on the stage ; but his memory will always 
be indissolubly linked with the play, which 
] wrote with Coquelin in my thoughts.' 



,: 



" 'But, tell me, what is the idea? Com 
edy among the animals is very easily said. 
La Fontaine, whom you mentioned just 
now, did not write his fables for the stage. 
His characters are animals, of course, and 
they act and talk ; but we do not see them, 
we do not hear them : what I mean to say 
i;, they are set before us through the me- 
dium of our thoughts alone. In La Fon- 
taine we do not find the material realiza- 
tion at which you are aiming. There is 



Aristophanes. 






" 'Aristophanes,' M. Rostand broke in, 
'made use of birds on the stage to criticize 
the follies of his contemporaries. My piece 
employs satire only, by the way. Besides, 
"Chantecler" differs from the comedies in 
the Greek author in other respects, as, for 
instance, in the essentially rustic character 
of my work.' ' 

This is the story of "Chantecler," the 
symbolism of which appeared to me quite 
plainly while M. Rostand was telling me 
his play. The cock is the believer, the 
apostle, who is conscious of the usefulness 
and the sacred character of his mission and 
fufillls it with gladness; for truth mingled 
with beauty is delight. The hen-pheasant 
is woman, with her curiosity, her yearning 
to be loved for her own sake, her need of 
protection and kindness. The blackbird is 
the skeptic, who, in spite of the wit that 
banter lends, must always give precedence 
to the more powerful believer, the eternal 
conqueror. 

The dog is goodness and courage in a 
state of servitude. And the peacock repre- 
rents everlasting self-sufficiency, the guinea- 
fowl vanity and frivolitv, the frogs envy, 
and the night-birds hatred of the light. All 
the many different animals symbolize the 
varieties of mankind, our good qualities and 
our oddities, our beauty and our ugliness. 
Ii is the human comedy reneacted among 
the animals. And the moral of the play, 
its trend, its object, is the glorification of 
idealism, the glorification of that joy, that 
rapture, which only they know who have 
fhith in the future and whose incessant ef- 
forts tend toward the light. 




MRS. F.S. WATTS 
Presiding President 



ANNUAL STATE MEETING OF MOTHERS' 

CONGRESS 



Though comparatively young in 
years, the Mothers Congress of Iowa 
has now grown to such proportions 
that its plans and proceedings find in 
terested readers in every section of the 
state, and the local "Mothers' club," 
or Parent-Teacher association, is no 
longer a doubtful experiment, but a 
recognized and important factor in 
educational work. It stands for such 
laws and reforms as will give to every 
child the opportunity 60 develop his 
highest possibilities physically, men 
tally and morally and will throw the 
protecting care and tenderness of an 
intelligent motherhood about the 
childhood of our country. 

The fifth biennial of this organiza- 



tion convened in Des Moines, Tuesday, 
November 1, 1910, Mrs. F. S. Watts of 
Audubon presiding. After the details 
of organization, Mrs. Watts spoke 
briefly of the work of the congress for 
the coming year, attaching especial im- 
portance to the effort to prevent the 
appearance of children under fourteen 
years of age upon the public stage. 

Mis. Schoff of Philadelphia, presi- 
ded of the National Congress of 
Mothers, being present, was presented 
to the convention and was most happy 
in her remarks. "The Congress of 
Mothers is the most vitally important 
organisation in the working field to- 
day." she said, and proceeded to set 
forth its purposes in a pleasing and 



10 



THE MIDWESTERN 



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MRS. FREDERICK SCHOFF 

National President 

vigorous maimer. Mrs, Schorl' is her- 
sell' the mother of seven children and 
looks the kindly, practical, sympa- 
thetic, motherly mother who lias made 
a home t lint counted for much in seven 
young lives. 

Mrs. Isaac Lee llillis gave a con- 
densed account of the National Con 
gross at Denver, dwelling upon the be- 
ginnings of this Mothers ('ongrcss 
work, and Mrs. Fred hoverein of Hum- 
boldt, Mrs. A. O. Ruste of Charles City 
and Mrs. B. P. Carroll id' Des Moines 
Followed in discussion. Aftre noon the 
Congress received greetings from a 
number of fraternal organizations. Dr. 
Margaret Clark of Waterloo extended 
kindly greetings from the State Feder- 
ation of Women's Clubs, and Mrs. J. 
(I. Grundy tendered a cm-dial welcome 
to the city in behalf of the city Feder- 
ation of Women's Clubs. Mrs. Caro- 
line Ogih'ie expressed the appreciation 

of the Des Moines I'ress (dull of the 
work of thi 1 Mothers Congress. Rev. 
('. S. Medliury, bringing greetings 
\'r the Des Moines Ministerial asso- 
ciation, commended the Congress work 
for children. "Let us live more with 
and for our children. In the streiiu 



OUB life we are living we are liable to 
overlook some of our happiest oppor- 
tunities." Secretary Wilson of Great- 
er Des Moines committee gave a brief 
but pointed talk commending the work 
achieved and that pro.posed by the 
Mothers Congress, and prophesying a 
richer childhood, a nobler manhood, 
a sweeter womanhood when the ends 
it is striving for shall have been ac- 
complished. He introduced his friend, 
W. D. Nesbit, the poet, who recited 
some of his own verses to the delight 
of his audience. . Especially tine was 
his interpretation of his well known 
poem, "Mother's Eyes." Supt. W. 0. 
Riddell of Des Moines public schools 
made a plea for higher scholarship 
"Never has sound scholarship been at 
so low an ebb as it' is today, when ath- 
letics are allowed to take precedence 
of Scholarship in all our colleges and 
schools." Mrs. Etta Hurford of In- 
dianola, representing the Iowa W. C. 
T. F., said that her heart is in every 
effort of every organization to protect 
and save the children. The W. C. T. 
F. has fought whisky and tobacco ami 
impurity, the three great enemies of 
childhood, for many years, and is glad 
indeed to join hands with this other 
band of mothers enlisted in the same 
cause. Mrs. Charles Johnson brought 
greetings from the Des Moines Fnion 
of Mothers (dubs and presented Mrs. 
Walter Brown, who addressed Inn- 
friends and co-workers in the interests 
of the work. Mrs. Fred Lovrein of 
Humboldt responded to all these greet- 
ings in a most graceful and appropri- 
ate way. Dr. Margaret V. Clark of 
Waterloo gave the address of the day 
on "Social Hygiene and the Home." 
Dr. Clark is a member of the commit- 
tee on public health of both the Towa 
and General Federation of Women's 
(lubs, a practicing physician and has 
made a special study of prostitution 
and venereal diseases. Her address, 
therefore, though containing facts so 
startling as to test our credulity, car- 
ried with it the weight of one having 

knowledge whereof she spoke. The 
black plague ranks with the while 
plague, the greatest scourges of the 
human family: 50 per cent of male 
population that reach maturity are in 
I'ected with Venereal diseases ;ind Prom 
75 per cent to !'<> per cent of the chil- 



MOTHERS' CONGRESS 




MRS. B. F. CARROLL 
New President of lm\a Mothers' Congress 



dren. Fifty thousand girls are pressed deadly infection, .Mrs. I). C. Mott of 

into the while slave trade every year. Marengo, Mrs. Sheborn of Colfax ami 

A fearful danger menaces the individ- -Mrs. I!. F. Carroll el' Des .Moines fol- 

u.'il. (lie hiinie. society. An efforl is lie lowed in discussion of the subject. 
mg made lor the enactmenl of a law The evening session was opened wit! 

making it compulsory For physicians a chorus of children from the public 

finding venereal diseases to Hie the schools of Des Moines, under direction 

names of the victims of such diseases of Miss Wright, superintendent of mu 

with the slat.' board of health. The sic of city schools. She also brought 

bill to he introduced in the legislature out a hoys' glee club and a girls' glei 

this year will In- a modification id' the club during the evening, to the delight 

quarantine hill that Tailed in the last of the audience. 

session. Motirn pictures which por Miss Marie Preston presented greet- 

irav acts of vi ilence, physical tortures, tngs to the Congress of Mothers from 

suggestions of criminality or the sen- ''m Froebel association ami lion. .1. 1-'. 
Bational in life should be under the ban iggs gave an excellent talk mi the 

ol the mothers of Iowa. The efforts of en operation of home and school. Tin 

I 'is Clark and Clark of Waterloo to address of the evening was by Mrs 

spread the gospel of social hvgiene is Frederic K. Schoff on "Fathers and 

being aroused ami they feel thai there Mothers' Unrealized Onportunities, " 

will Come a day w''ei| t iiihlic will I was accorded 'he closest attention 

demand the s.-iire standard of purity i f the large assembly., 
from men us from women; when yen Wednesday r mi io ■■ was given over 

ereal diseases will be takpn cb^p of and '■ routine ov-rl-. Election of officers 

innoeeiil Impurity saved From thi ; r the Deri two VP.rs resulted as [ol- 



18 



THE MIDWESTERN 



lows: President, Mrs. B. F. Carroll, 
Des Moines; first vice president, Mrs. 
A. L. Heart, Cedar Falls; second vice 
president, Mrs. J. T. Beem, Marengo ; 
third vice president, Mrs. A. L. Haas, 
Des Moines; recording secretary, Mrs. 
Chas. Brenton, Dallas Center; corre- 
sponding secretary, Mrs. C. H. Stone, 
Sidney; treasurer, Mrs. S. R. Miles, 
Mason City ; extension secretary, Mrs. 
F. S. Watts, Audubon. 

The fact that the wife of the chief 
executive of the state of Iowa is will 
ing to forego many of the social pleas- 
ures to which she is entitled by virtue 
of her position, and give her time and 
strength to this work for the bettering 
of the homes and conditions for the 
children of the state surely speaks vol- 
umes for the real nobility of her wo- 
manhood, and gives the Iowa Mothers 
Congress a unique position among the 
congresses of the nation. 

In view of the able and faithful 
service which Mrs. F. S. Watts has 
given the mothers clubs of Iowa for 
the past two years, a resolution of 
thanks and appreciation was tendered 
and unanimously passed by a rising 
vote. Mrs. Watts has given liberally 
of time and money for the furtherance 
of the work and leaves it in a prosper- 
ous condition. Seventeen new club"- 
have affiliated with the Congress dur- 
ing her administration, and a number 
of others have been organized which 
have not yet affiliated with state and 
nation, but are doing good work in 
their communities. 

Reports of delegates sparkled with 
interest, showing that Iowa mothers 
clubs are alive and grappling heroical- 
ly with the problems vital to the 
health and safety of their children. 
Des Moines and Cedar Falls especially 
gave fine reports. Much attention has 
been given throughout the state to 
physical culture, sanitation, domestic 
science, pure food, play grounds, lec- 
tures and demonstrations on nursing, 
story telling, literature, healthful 
dress, disease germs, ventilation, eyes, 
ears and teeth, etc., etc. Discussion 
was lively and helpful and all regret- 
ted lack of time for more. 

Mrs. W. S. Hefferan, chairman of 
National Parent-Teacher association of 
Chicago, gave an address on "A More 



Intelligent Parenthood." She spoke 
largely of the public schools, saying 
the high school offers supreme oppor- 
tunities for character building. The 
suicide age, the criminal age, the crim 
inal age, the conversionage, all come 
in the adolescent period — the most 
critical and the most interesting period 
of child life. The fourteen year old 
child needs as much care and tender- 
ness as the fourteen months old child. 
Does he get it? This modern life is 
hard on young people. What we need 
more than anything else is a good 
sound fatherhood." 

Mrs. Hefferan is a most pleasing 
speaker and won the sympathy of her 
hearers from the first. 

Prof. Colgrove, dean of psychology 
in Iowa State Teachers college at 
Cedar Falls, gave an excellent treatise 
on character building. 

The reception given Wednesday 
night at the home of Governor Carroll 
was a delightful occasion, quite free 
from the stiffness and discomfort that 
often characterizes such functions. 
Mrs. Carroll is a gracious hostess and 
her guests all enjoyed the evening. 

Four years ago Mrs. Brown secured 
from the executive board of the Iowa 
State Teachers' Association a rcom 
for the use of the Iowa Congress of 
Mothers where they might hold a 
Round Table meeting during the 
teachers' conventions. In 1909 Mrs. 
A. 0. Ruste of Charles City acted as 
chairman of a committee which waited 
upon the executive board of the Iowa 
State Teachers' Association and asked 
for full recogniton as a department of 
the association. This was granted and 
we are now entitled to hold both de 
partment and Round Table meetings 
under direction of the association. 
The Round Table meeting arranged 
and conducted by Mrs. S. R. Miles of 
Mason City, Nov. 3, 1910, was the 
fourth held in this connection and 
Mrs. Miles deserved much credit for 
ihe successful and interesting session 
in which many able teachers and 
broad-minded educators participated. 

The Mothers' Congress of Iowa be- 
gins the eleventh year of its existence 
with better equipment for service than 
ever before. Leading newspapers in 
different sections of the ststc have 



MOTHERS' CONGRESS 



19 



printed many col.iic-is of material \>.~> 
pared by the slate press committee, 
and sent it broadcast in the past two 
years, and by I he kindness of news 
paper "ready prints" and a system of 
local press work Congress news and 
Congress principles have gone into 
nearly every country home. 

With the recognition and co-opera- 
tion of educators, with the free use of 
the press, with the hundreds of earnest 
practical mothers and friends to the 
children enlisted, and a constantly en- 
larging field of labor the Iowa Con- 
gress of Mothers seems to be fairly 
started on a long career of usefulness. 
— Mary E. Mott, Press Superintendent 



FOURTEENTH ANNUAL MEETING 

OF ELEVENTH DISTRICT 

I. F. W. C. 

On the 20th and 2 1st of October, 1910, 
in the auditorium of the beautiful new 
library building in Onawa, Iowa, was held 
the fourteenth annual meeting of the 
Eleventh district I. F. W. C, Mrs. Roma 
Wheeler Woods, district chairman, presid- 
ing. Mrs. Eshleman, of Cherokee, was the 
efficient secretary of the convention. 

The hospitality of the Onawa Art Club 
and their friends was perfect in every de- 
tail from the time of the arrival of the 
delegates until they left for their homes. 

The music, under the leadership of Mrs. 
McMillan, was more than ordinarily fine. 
The home talent was most ably assisted by 
Miss Harding of Omaha and Mrs. Princess 
C. Long of Long Beach, California. 

Mrs. Zellier, president of the Onawa Art 
club, gave the invocation. Mrs. Arthur 
Mann gave the charming address of wel- 
come, responded to by Mrs. Moorehead of 
Ida Grove. Roll call was responded to by 
forty-three delegates, others coming later. 
A most interesting report of the Cincinnati 
Biennial convention was given by Mrs. F. 
F. Faville of Storm Lake, supplemented by 
a few words by Mrs. Gertrude Nash of 
Audubon, an ex-president and Iowa's mem- 
ber of the General Federation Hoard. In 
the evening Mrs. Nash gave an address, 
which she called "Things in Cages," based 
upon Mrs. Peabody's novel, the I'ied Piper, 
bringing home to her audience in I beauti- 
ful way that we were all still, in I wax. in 
the cages of intolerance, etc, etc. Beautiful 
music and a pleasant social hour concluded 
the evening. ( )n Friday morning Mrs. 




MRS. ROMA WHEELER WOODS 



Julian Richards, our state president, who 
has greatly endeared herself to the club 
women of the eleventh district, gave a very 
practical talk on the several subjects which 
lie close to the hearts of the club women of 
the state. 

Hon. F. F. Faville, U. S. attorney, 
Storm Lake, Iowa, gave a remarkable ad- 
dress on the "Under Man." The man who 
has broken the law in some way, has been 
convicted, and has been punished by im- 
prisonment, and upon being released has 
no place to go, no chance to make an honest 
living, no matter how strong his desire to 
be a man and a law abiding citizen. For 
this man he made a powerful plea. I hope 
all Iowa club women will have an oppor- 
tunity to hear this address. Our work 
would be largely in trying to keep children 
from evil ways that lead to crime, and to 
be tolerant and helpful when opportunity 
offers. 

The Eleventh district is very proud of 
the work of Mr. and Mrs. F. F. Faville. 

The visit of the delegates to the manual 
training school, the best ill the state, was of 
great interest The tree public library, to 
which Judge Addison Oliver of Onawa 
has so largely contributed, was almost a 
matter of envy to the delegates. Mrs. 



20 



THE MIDWESTERN 



Harding of Sioux City spoke of the state 
biennial to be held in Sioux City in May. 
This will be a great meeting. Mrs. H. 
Keife, ex-president of the Nebraska Federa- 
tion and a member of the G. F. W. C. 
Board, honored the convention- by her pres- 
ence and an interesting talk on General 
Federation , work. Miss Harriet Lake spoke 
on the question of the educational loan 
fund. The Eleventh district will try to 
raise a fund of that character by the time of 
the biennial at Sioux City in May. 

Mrs. Arthur Mann of Onawa was nom- 
inated for district chairman, most worthy 
choice. 



WASHING THE WINDOWS OF 
THE SOUL 

A woman was house-cleaning recent- 
ly and as the last bit of; woodwork 
was cleaned and the windows were 
shiny and clear she drew a sigh of re- 
lief and settled down for a minute of 
rest with a favorite book. She opened 
the volume at random and these were 
the words upon which her eyes rested : 

"If the windows of your soul are 
dirty and streaked, covered with mat- 
ter foreign to them, then the world 
as you look out of them will be to you 
dirty and streaked and out of order. 
Cease your complainings, however, 
keep your pessimism to yourself, lest 
you betray the fact that your windows 
are badly in need of something. Buc 
know that your friend who keeps his 
windows clean, that the Eternal Sun 
may ilumine all within and make visi- 
ble all without — know that he lives in 
a different world from you. Then gj 
wash the windows, and instead 01 
longing for some other world, you will 
discover the wonderful beauties of this 
world." 

And then she said to herself, how 
true it all is, that some of us are so 
strenuously given to cleaning the 
woodwork and crevices of our homes 
that we never think that we need men- 
tal house-cleaning to get the unhealthy 
thoughts out of the corners of our 
brains. 



INFLUENCE OF THE BUNGALOW 

There is no doubt that the bungalow 
has had a salutary influence on do- 
mestic life as far as simplicity and 
comfort are concerned. It bas brougut 
about a desire for the substantial 
things rather than for those which are 
ornate and gaudy. We have living 
rooms now instead of parlors ; curtains 
of dimity instead of those of cheap 
lace ; good prints of famous pictures 
in plain wooden frames instead of im- 
possible family portraits in immense 
frames of glaring fold with a border 
of vivid red; plain wood or wicker 
furniture instead of the cheap uphol- 
stered articles which were formerly so 
much seen. The bungalow has brought 
us to the stage of being independent 
enough to have what we can afford, 
because what we can afford is the 
thing which is now fashionable. If 
we have rag rugs and rag portieres 
we are considered artistic instead of 
being "horribly out of fashion," as 
was the case a few years ago when a 
rag carpet and poverty were synony- 
mous . We can follow our own intel- 
lectual bent if we want simplicity, for 
ffdse pride and love of display are 
strangers to the real bungalow spirit, 
which stands for comfort and beauty. 



BACK TO THE FARM 

The agricultural resources of New York 
State are attracting not only city men, 
but also Western farmers back to the 
abandoned lands and homesteads of their 
ancestors, says Frank Marshall White, 
writing in the issue of Harper's Weekly 
for November 26th. The Department of 
Agriculture publishes a bulletin contain- 
ing information upon the farms for sale, 
and it has been discovered that land on the 
State road, ten miles from Albany, is be- 
ir> sr offered for sale at from ten to thirty 
dollars an acre. Bargains are being snapped 
up; immigration is taking place from the 
Western States. In 1908-1909 the New 
York Agricultural Department installed an 
exhibit at the National Corn Exposition 
which surprised Western farmers almost to 
tli° point of incredultiy. 




( ». r. Mcdonald 

Retiring president of the Des 
Moinei Ad Men's Club. Mr. 
McDonald is a versatile writer end 
good speaker, and has conducted 
the affairs of the Ad Men's Club 
to the satisfaction of all con 
cerned. 




"SWIMMIN'" 

Edwin L. Sabin 



TI1K man who never, exposed all 
to the air and the sun, has 
"dove" from hank or raft or 
boat into the friendly waiting tide; 
the man who never thus has taken a 
"header," even though he skinned Ins 
face upon the bottom, and got water 
up his nose and into his ears; the man 
who never has willingly abandon! d 
his bared body to (he embracing lim- 
pidity of stream, pond, lake, or sea; 
the man who never has known, on this 
perfect equality with nature, the buoy- 
ant companionship of the waves and 
the current, of mermen and of seam 
pering fauns; that man has missed 
much. 

Swimming is a great sweetener oi 
the temper: bathers are a merry folk; 

water, somehow, dissolves away the 
humors in the disposition. 

"Swimmin 1 " and "bathing" are 
not synonymous. Swimmin' is ess m 
tially democratic. Bathing is a test. 
in a measure but bathing is suscepti 
lib' of gradations and modifications. 

Bathing has its naiads: swimmin' has 



its fauns and. satyrs Bathing may bj 
strictly a society event; swimmin' is 
only social. 

Before the gods, it takes fortitude in 
man or boy, bent upon swijnmiu', to 

discard all pretense and stand out 
shorn of artificialities, for what he 
actually is — even to the pallor of Ins 
long-smothered skin, and to the funny 
mole like a wart on the small c1 his 
hack! The spindling bond-clerk who 
handles millions and wears pink socks 
wanes to insignificance beside the com 
pact coal-heaver, and Little Lord 
Fauntleroy, stripped of his velvets, is 
the inferior of Micky-the-Kid, stripped 
of his rags 

Under the uncompromising gaze of 

one's peers, one's much cultivated dig 

nity shrivels and departs. Ah, what 
carefully concealed skiuuiuess is at 
last confessed! What psysieal short 
comings! Something of a judgment 
day upon earth is this. For in swim 
min'. plain, unbedeeked swimmin'. 
there can be no partiality. 




J. G. ROUNDS 
President of the Citizen* Bank, and Senior Bank President of Des Moines 

A HISTORY OF THE BANKS OF 
DES MOINES 



Tacitus Hussey 

Letter from the President of Central State Bank, Des Moines: 

Hear Mr. Ilussev: I have read your article concerning your history of the 



banks of Des Moines ami 
lie as accurate as possible to be written with the data obtainable. 



believe it tc 

FOR 1 he benefit of the mode n 
bankers who sit ;it I heir desks 
surrounded by all the latest 
appliances wrought by elec- 
tricity and the other improvements of 
the last lit'ty years, this description of 
a "banking bouse" in Des Moines, in 
the early fifties is given. This house is 
a one story frame, with two large win 
dows in front, after the manner of a 
millinery store. A pine, cotton-wood or 



SIMON CASADY. 

black walnut counter, feneed in the 
hanker from the outside world. A 
cheap stand or desk, a table, a big"can- 
■ 1 1 > 1 1 stove" for burning soft coal, two 
chairs of the splint bottom variety, it 
may he, a gaudily painted safe, a desk 
with drawers ami a pistol of some dis- 
eription, completed the outfit. Tn the 
winter time the stove would be kept in 
full blast in order to keep the room 
warm enough to do business. On blust- 



BANKS OF DES MOINES 



23 



ery days, or when the stove pipe would 
get clogged with soot and gas, the stove 
would "puff out" at unpropitious mo- 
ments, filling the room with clouds of 
smoke, dust and soot so that the doors 
and windows would have to be opened 
to save the "banker" and customers 
from choking. The safe was only a 
"safe" in name as a burglar who was 
only an apprentice in "burgling" could 
have reached its contents as easily as if 
constructed of pine instead of sheet 
iron. But the larger and brighter the 
decorations, the greater the impression 
it made upon the rural population. The 
office force was often compressed into 
one individual, the banker, who on oc- 
casion acted as cashier, bookkeeper, di- 
rectory board and janitor ; for during 
the hours when there "was nothing do- 
ing," he would put on his well smutted 
buckskin gloves, would "heave in" a 
supply of coal or carry out an accumu- 
lation of ashes. Office hours in winter 
were as soon as he could flounder 
through the deep snow drifts to the 
bank, light the tallow candles on dark 
days build a fire and put on an expec- 
tant smile. 

There was generally found upon the 
currency stand a good assortment of 
the "Agricultural Bank of Tennessee," 
"Free currency of Illinois," and many 
other notes of doubtful value, so far 
away from their places of issue that 
they never found their way back. 
There were a few five franc pieces, 
some American coins with weight about 
sufficient to hold the currency on the 
table, if perchance some one opened the 
front door or a window, inadvertently, 
causing a mild draught of air. 

In after years, when these primitive 
buildings were pulled down to give 
place to more pretentions structures, it 
was found, in some cases, by the work- 
men, a great wealth of walnut lumber, 
for the reason that the joists, studding, 
rafters and weather boarding were of 
sawed and hand finished hlack walnut, 
while the interior finishings were of 
cotton-wood and pine. 

The first bank of record was opened 
by Benjamin Franklin Allen, in 1854. 
Tie was a nephew of ("apt. .lames Allen 
the commandent of the station known 
as "Fort Des Moines," established in 
the year 1843. It has been reported by 
some who were in a position to know. 



that Mr. Allen, not at that time of legal 
age, brought with him eighteen thous- 
and dollars in gold, a goodly sum in 
those early days. He entered the mer- 
cantile business at an early date, well 
advertised in the Star, our first news- 
paper, as Lyon & Allen, Jonathan Lyon, 
an early settler, was the partner. In 
1854 he engaged in the banking busi- 
ness on Second street, the then Broad- 
way of "Fort Des Moines." The spot 
is now occupied by Green's foundry. 
In addition to a banking business he 
bought and sold land warrants and 
dealt in real estate. In 1857 he removed 
to the corner of Fourth and Court Ave- 
nue, to a building especially built for a 
banking house, with safety vault, wal- 
nut counter, and an up-to-date outfit. 
Reliable currency was scarce and the 
laws of Iowa did not permit "free bank- 
ing issues" of notes, so he issued from 
Omaha, Nebraska, under the title of 
"Bank of Nebraska," bank notes which 
were readily accepted by the people of 
this city ; for with the notes signed ly 
B. F. Allen, president, and the hand- 
some face of his wife in fine steel en- 
graving thereon, they were deemed as 
good as gold, within the limits of the 
corporation. But when you went on a 
journey, it was safest to take gold and 
silver along in case of accidents. His 
career in Des Moines was phenomenal; 
but in an evil hour he was tempted to 
buy into the 'Cook county bank," of 
Chicago, and sunk under the heavy load 
of financial care. In 1875, on the wings 
of electricity came the shock of his 
failure and the immediate closing of his 
bank here. His creditors here believed 
that yet something might lie saved ; but 
when A. N. Denman from New York 
came here for the purpose of filing a 
"blanket mortgage," given by Mr. 
Allen for the benefit of his eastern cred- 
itors, the hope that had feebly flickered, 
died out, 

THE BANK OF IOWA. 

This was the name of a bank estab- 
lished sometime in 1855, by Andrew J. 
Stevens. His place was on Second 
Street, between Court Avenue and Vine. 
lie read law in the office of lion. Wil- 
liam II. Seward, New York. lie had for 
several years control of the currency of 
the "Agricultural Bank of Tennessee," 
which he pretended to "protect and re- 



24 



THE MIDWESTERN 



deem." During 1 the financial flurry of 
1857 he got into deep water and was 
unable to swim out. The day before the 
"run" was made upon his bank, some 
of the wise ones whispered to their in- 
timates : "If you have any 'Agricul- 
tural money,' get rid of it today, if you- 
can. " This they did, without delay, 
and many landlords were astonished at 
the way some of their delinquent board- 
ers paid up their arrearages and in 
some instances, a month in advance. 
His doors were closed in the face of a 
roaring crowd and Callanan & Ingham 
took possession. Then there was the be- 
ginning of troubles. Gold and silver, 
never very plentiful, disappeared from 
circulation. People who had small de- 
posits withdrew them from the banks 
they considered unsafe. Creditors clam- 
ored for their money, which is always 
the case in times of a panic. ""Wild 
rat" currency was taken with fear and 
trembling. It might be bankable today 
and worthless tomorrow. The banker 
stood at his counter with a "Thomp- 
son's Bank Note Eeporter" in hand 
and would select from the proffered de- 
posit such bills as he would be willing 
to risk and toss the residue to the dis- 
appointed customer who would then 
frantically endeavor "to work it off," 
not always with success, on the grocer, 
the butcher and the candlestickmaker. 
During this turmoil and excitement 
there was one banker who was not un- 
duly disturbed. His "Bank of Nebras- 
ka" issue were never questioned. When 
a person became the possessor of one of 
these bills he did not need to hurry to 
the bank to get rid of it ; for he had 
confidence in the man who issued it and 
was therefore at rest. Then there was 
issued by various parties, script, of va- 
rious kinds, such as ' ' city script, ' ' Mer- 
chants ' script," and "Capitol Script," 
used largely in paying the workmen 
who were building the temporary capi- 
tal for housing the first legislature 
which met here in 1858. 

COOK, SARGENT & COOK. 

Began doing business as bankers here 
in 1855. This firm had the distinction 
of doing business in the first banking 
house especially built in which to do a 
banking business. The firm was com- 
posed of Cook & Sargent, Davenport, 
Iowa; Cook, Sargent & Parker, Plor 



ence, Nebraska ; Cook, Sargent & Dow- 
ney, Iowa City. Ira Cook, so well 
known and loved by all early settler* 
here, was a member of this firm when 
the town was written "Port Des 
Moines." Th e place of business was on 
Walnut street, between Third and 
Fourth and the street number is 310. 
This banking building was planned in 
Davenport, Iowa. The window frames, 
sashes, casings, blinds, floors and finish- 
ing lumber was made in the same place 
and hauled across the country by horse 
or ox teams. The brick with which it 
was built was burned by James C. Sav- 
ery and was originally intended for the 
old Savery House, which was to be 
commenced on the following year. The 
carpenter work was done by Pat and 
Jatmes Meyer, who came from Daven- 
port for this especial job. During the 
firm's term in this business house, 
which was provided with a good vault,, 
the firm handled more than two millions 
of dollars; and "Uncle" Ira Cook said 
"that at one time or another, the six by 
eight vault was stuffed so full of cash 
and valuables, that we could hardly 
shut and lock the door." The firm 
passed out of active business in 1860. 

GREEN, WEARE & RICE 

Began the banking business in 1856. 
Byron Rice of Des Moines was the third 
member of the firm. This firm issued 
the bank notes of Florence, Nebraska, 
which were taken here for a while, but 
as panicky time drew near, withdrew 
them from circulation. If you ever- 
come across a history of Des Moines 
published by Redhead & Dawson in 
1857, you will find the sign of "Greene, 
Weare & Rice" on the second story of 
the Exchange Block where they did 
business until 1857. 

MACLOT, CORBIN & WHITE. 

These bankers started in business in 
1855 but sold out soon after to White & 
Smith, in the latter part of 1856-7. The- 
firm was composed of Wilson T. Smith 
and Lovell White. They called their 
institution "The De Moine Bank" as 
will be seen by the engraving of the 
Exchange Block in Turrell's history. 
These institutions did not last mo-e 
than a year or two ; for it took money 
to do business when the banking public 
began to be somewhat critical. 



BANKS OF DES MOINES 



HOYT SHERMAN & COMPANY. 

Mr. Sherman associated with himself. 
P. M. Casady and R. L. Tidrick. The 
bank was located on Third street, be- 
tween Walnut and Court Avenue and 
was organized in 1854. It continued 
business in this office until 1856. When 
the Sherman Block was finished, later 
in the same year,, the southwest corner 
room of the first floor was fitted up for 
business and the bank moved in. In a 
picture of Sherman's Block published 
in 1857, shows the sign over the door, 
"Hoyt Sherman & Co." The fixtures 
and vaults were of the best in the state 
at that date. They did a large business 
as a private bank until 1869, when.it 
merged into a branch of the State Bank 
of Iowa. The new law allowed any 
town with fifty thousand inhabitants 
and over, to become a branch of this 
State Bank. Eight cities accepted this 
privilege namely: Des Moines, Musca- 
tine, Iowa City, Dubuque, Oskaloosa, 
Mount Pleasant, Keokuk and Daven- 
port. Mr. Hoyt Sherman as president 
of the branch bank at Des Moines has 
the credit of designing the bills issued 
by these banks. The engraving was 
done by Taff on & Carpenter, expert steel 
engravers of New York. On one of 
these bills was the scene of a "corn 
husking bee," depicting the critical 
moment when a young and vigorous 
husker sitting next to a girl had found 
a red ear and was claiming the reward 
of a kiss, she resisting with maidenly 
modesty — but the end is ever the same 
— if the kisser is persistent ; and the 
husking goes on without remark. These 
issues of the branches of the bank were 
hailed with joy and were used for pay- 
ing taxes ; for here was a currency 
which had a "redeemer." The govern- 
ment land office receiving only gold and 
silver in payment for land entries. This 
bank continued its business as such un- 
til 1863, when it was reorganized as a 
National Bank, under act of Congress. 
The first officers under its new organiza- 
tion were : B. P. Allen, president j F. R. 
West, cashier. It continued to do a 
prosperous business in this location for 
two years, when it moved to Moore's 
Opera House Block, corner of Fourth 
and Walnut streets. 

The collapse of B. F. Allen, its presi- 
dent in 1875, forced a reorganization. 
It continued, however, as a National 



Bank until late in 1875 ; and in the lat- 
ter year the firm's name was changed to 
F. R. West & Sons ; and at the end of 
a year, thereafter, it went into the 
hands of a receiver, who wound up its 
affairs. 

FIRST NATIONAL BANK. 

This bank was organized in 1864, 
with a capital of $50,000, afterwards in- 
creased to $100,000. The officers were 
Joseph B. Stewart, president; Charles 
Mosher, cashier. The directors were : 
F. C. D. McKay, F. W. Palmer, Charles 
Mosher, J. B. Stewart and George W. 
Cleveland. The bank was located in 
the old Cook, Sargent & Cook building, 
310 Walnut street. It was a govern- 
ment depository. The bank continued 
in business until October, 1866, when J. 
B. Stewart sold a controlling interest to 
B. F. Allen, who shortly afterwards 
wound iip its affairs. 

THE SECOND NATIONAL BANK. 

The Second National Bank was or- 
ganized in 1864, in a basement room of 
the old Turner Block on Court Avenue, 
between Third and Fourth, with a cap- 
ital stock of $100,000. G. M. Hippee 
was president and Geo. W. Jones. 
Dwight Klink and Geo. A. Childs. It 
continued to do a prosperous business 
until 1866, when it was sold out to B. 
F. Allen, who closed up its affairs. 

THE CAPITAL CITY STATE BANK. 

Was organized in 1871. B. F. Allen, 
President, A. L. West, Cashier. They 
continued in business until 1875, when 
the business was sold to William 
Christy and others who continued it as 
a private bank until 1878, when it was 
organized under the State laws of Iowa 
and called the Capital City State Bank. 
Its first officers were A. W. Naylor, 
president and William Christy, cashier. 
The directors were A. W. Naylor, W. 
A. Haskell, J. F. Cochran, Ed. Wright, 
J. Hollingsworth, E. Hollingsworth, G. 
F. Walker, George Garver and Geo. C. 
Baker. The capital was increased from 
$50,000 to $70,000. The present officers 
are: Henry Wagner, president; J. A. 
T. Hull, vice president ; •). A. MeKinney, 
cashier; I). J. Van Liew, asst. cashier. 
Directors are .1. D. McGarrough, Henry 



26 



THE MIDWESTERN 



Wagner, F. W. Craig, J. A. T. Hull, W. 
L. Read, J. A. McKinney and D. J. Van 
Liew. 

THE DES MOINES BANK. 

The Des Moines Bank was organized 
by P. M. Casady, Simon Casady, C. H. 
Gateh and E. S. Gatch in 1875. C. H. 
Gatch and E. S. Gatch sold their in- 
terests to G. M. and G. B. Hippee in 
1880. In 1883 the bank was re-organ- 
ized under the Savings Bank act and 
called the Des Moines Savings Bank. 
It started in the old Methodist Church 
Block on Fifth Street, then to Third 
street, then to a building built espec- 
ially for its occupancy, Third and Wal- 
nut, then to Fifth and Walnut and last- 
ly to the Fleming building, corner of 
Sixth and Walnut. 

Officers. 

Homer A. Miller, president. 

H. S. Butler, vice president. 

H. T. Blackburn, cashier. 
Directors. 

E. C. Finkbine, Pres. Green Bay 
Lumber Co. 

J. H. Cownie, Pres. J. H. Cownie 
Glove Co. 

G. M. Hippee, Pres. Hawkeye Insur- 
ance Co. 

James G. Berryhill, attorney. 

B. F. aKuffma.n, Witmer & Kauffman. 

Geo. M. Van Evera, Van Evera & 
Robinson. 

L. Harbach, Pres. L. Harbach & Sons 
Co. 

THE UNION SAVINGS BANK. 

The Union Savings Bank was organ- 
ized January 8th, 1883, in the small 
building formerly occupied by the Des 
Moines Bank. It continued business 
about one year when it was consoli- 
dated with the Des Moines Bank, under 
name of Des Moines Savings Bank. The 
officers were, P. M. Casady, president ; 
B. F. Kauffman, vice president; J. G. 
Berryhill, 2d vice president, J. W. Gen- 
eser, cashier. The directors were, Sam- 
uel Merrill, P. M. Casady, Louis Har- 
bach, H. L. Whitman, James Callanan, 
James G. Berryhill, B. F. Kauffman, J. 
0. Mahana and Moses Strauss. 

COSKERY & ULM. 

This firm commenced business in 1869 
as a private bank. Mr Ulm began the 



business in the basement room, corner 
of Fourth and Walnut streets, known 
as "Moore's Opera House Block," and 
called it the Citizens' Bank; and 
shortly after employed Mr. Charles 
Mosher, former cashier of the First 
National Bank, as cashier. The bank 
was then run by Charles Mosher as 
cashier and John W. Ulm as owner and 
proprietor. In friendship to the pro- 
prietor, J. W. Ulm, Judge Johnson of 
Keokuk and Judge Love of the United 
States District court, the Citizens' 
Bank received the funds from the Des 
Moines and Keokuk railroad that was 
to pay for the construction and made 
the distributive agent of this fund, 
which gave the bank an extensive ac : 
quaintance with the railroad people in 
connection with the Des Moines Valley 
railroad. In 1870, Mr. Samuel Coskery, 
from Atlanta, Georgia, became con- 
nected with the Citizens' Bank; but 
when Governor Samuel Merrill and 
Auditor John A. Elliott became con- 
nected with the bank in 1871, and at 
this date Mr. Coskery retired. In 1871 
the bank was in the Shissler building 
between Fourth and Fifth. In 1871 or 
'72 the bank moved to the Clapp block 
and fitted up a modern banking house 
suitable to the growing business. The 
officers then were, Samuel Merrill, 
president John A. Elliott, vice presi- 
dent, and John W. Ulm, cashier. In 
1873, after the bank had been in its new 
quarters about fifteen months, Mr. Ulm 
sold his stock to Messrs Merrill and 
Elliott, retaining $2,000.00, as it was 
thought the entire severing of connec- 
tions might injure the business of the 
bank. Thp Citizens' Bank was made 
a National in 1872 or '73, and Mr. Ulm 
was persuaded to stay a little longer 
as some of the eastern banks began to 
show some panicy feeling ; and there 
was talk of suspension for a few days 
among some of the Des Moines banks. 
Naturally President Merrill was much 
disturbed and he and B. F. Allen were 
inclined to agree to a temporary sus- 
pension. When Mr. Ulm heard of this 
he would not agree to a suspension un- 
less the officers of the Citizens' Bank 
would agree to accept his resignation, 
which they declined to do. Then a 
proposition was made to pay a certain 
per cent of the checks that came in. To 
this Mr. Ulm demurred and said, pluck- 



BANKS OF DES MOINES 



27 



ily: "I do not care what the other 
banks may do. But so long as I remain 
cashier I will use my own judgment and 
conduct the business in such a manner, 
as far as I can, to accommodate our 
customers. I can run this bank safely 
for thirty days before they can exhaust 
us." This caused considerable excite- 
ment at first ; but when they saw the 
cashier was in dead earnest it had a 
quieting feeling upon the officers and 
directors. The reason he was so confi- 
dent was that thirty days before he had 
received the national circulation of 
$90,000, a greater portion of which had 
been signed and was lying in the vault. 
The president was enthusiastic, know- 
ing that if the bank could run thirty 
days without suspension the bank could 
be saved and it would redound to its 
glory. He exclaimed : "If you can run 
this bank thirty days without a hitch, 
I will make you a present of $2,000 out 
of my own pocket." The bank weath- 
ered all the storms that followed, 
though not without many anxious hours 
and sleepless nights by officers and di- 
rectors. Every promised loan was 
made and every promise fullfilled to 
the letter, and from that day the bank 
got a standing that has never been lost. 
At that time B. A. ockwood was head 
book keeper and Joe Geneser was the 
collection boy. Harry A. Elliott was 
the paying and receiving teller. Mr. 
John "W. Ulm severed his connection 
with the bank in 1874, and was suc- 
ceeded by J. G. Rounds, as cashier. 

The Citizens' Bank now occupies a 
building especially built for it at the 
corner of Sixth and Walnut street. The 
present officers are : 

J. G. Rounds, president. 

S. A. Merrill, vice president. 

Geo. E. Pearsall, cashier. 

Wm H, Maish, assistant cashier. 

Directors. 

W. E. Coffin, president Iowa Loan 
and Trust Company. 

Charles Gilcrest, secretary and treas- 
urer J. K. & W. IT. Gilcrest Lumber 
Co. 

Geo. E. King, president Iowa Drug 
Company. 

B. A. Loekwood, president B. A. 
Lockwood Grain Company. 

M. Mandelbaum, "J. Mandelbaum" 
Sons, Retail Dry Goods. 



S. A. Merrill, vice president. 

Geo. E. Pearsall, cashier. 

J. G. Rounds, president. 

M. Strauss, State Savings Bank. 

THE DES MOINES VALLEY NA- 
TIONAL BANK. 

This bank was organized January 6, 
1872, by J. J. Towne and Geo. M. Hip- 
pee, as a private bank with a capital 
stock of $50,000. George M. Hippee, 
president and J. J. Towne, cashier, and 
began business in a small building, 
corner of Third and Walnut street. A 
little later T. H. Delemater of Meads- 
ville, Pa., and O. Noble of Erie, Pa., 
were admitted to the firm, increasing 
the capital stock to $60,000. The 
second location was on the corner of 
Fourth and Court avenue, in a build- 
ing located where the residence of F. 
R. West stood. On March 3, 1883, the 
bank was incorporated into a national 
bank, with a capital stock of $150,000, 
with J. J. Towne, president and Wil- 
liam D. Lucas, cashier. Some of the 
old stockholders were Ed. R. Clapp, 
Samuel Tuttle, J. A. Ankeney, Charles 
Weitz, and others. The bank is now 
located in elegant quarters at Fourth 
and Walnut, which was fitted up es- 
pecially for it. The present officers 
are : 

R. A. Crawford, president. 

D. S. Chamberlain, vice president. 

W. E. Barrett, cashier. 

H. Hollingsworth, assistant cashier. 

The Board of Directors are : D. S. 
Chamberlain, E. W. Stanton, W. E. 
Tone, C. W. Mennig, H. M. Rollins, R. 
A. Crawford, W. C. Harbach, C. T. 
Cole, Jr., Daniel P. Retaking, T. F. 
Stevenson and Alfred Hammer. 

The business of this bank has been in- 
creasing year by year. It is leal re- 
serve agent for national hanks. The 
officers and attachees are noted for 
their politeness, courtesy and strict at- 
tention to business. The bank lias the 
entire confidence of the banking public. 

THE DES MOINES NATIONAL 
BANK. 

This bank was organized in 1881, in 
the southeast corner of Fourth' and 
Walnut street, known then as thi> 
Moore's Block. B. L. Harding was the 



38 



THE MIDWESTERN 



first president and W. E. Hazen, cash- 
ier. In 1882, James S. Clarkson became 
vice president. In 1883 the officers 
were, John Wyman, president ; James 
S. Clarkson, vice president, and W. E. 
Hazen continued as cashier. Five years 
later in 1888, R. T. Wellslager was 
chosen president and Mr. Hazen was 
succeeded by V. F. Newell as cashier. 
James S. Clarkson being continued as 
vice president. In 1893, George M. 
Reynolds of Panora, was elected cash- 
ier and C. H. Getchell was added to the 
directory board and elected vice presi- 
dent. In 1894, W. W. Lyon was elected 
president and C. B. Atkins succeded 
Mr. Clarkson as vice president. In 
January, 1895, there was another 
change. Geo. M. Reynolds was elected 
president, E. W. Lynd was made vice 
president and Arthur Reynolds was 
chosen cashier. Geo. M. and Arthur 
Reynolds came to this city from Panora, 
having been successful in the manage 
ment of the Guthrie County National 
Bank. From that time the growth of 
the Des Moines National Bank has been 
rapid and was looked upon with much 
favor by the financial men of this city. 
In 1901, Arthur Reynolds w-js elected 
president, F. H. Hubbell became vice 
president, and A. J. Zwart, cashier, Mr. 
Zwart having served as assistant cash- 
ier since 1893. John H. Blair suc- 
ceeded Mr. Hubbell as vice president, 
the other officers remaining the same. 
G. M. Reynolds had been called to the 
Continental bank of Chicago where he 
is directing the finances of that institu- 
tion. Ten years and more ago the de- 
posits of the Des Moines National were 
$600,000. They are now running near 
the five million dollar mark, showing 
an increase each year. Since the new 
"White Building" has been occupied 
it is predicted that five or six millions 
of deposits will not be too great a 
figure in the near future. The present 
officer are : 

Arthur Reynolds, president. 
John II. Blair, vice president. 
C. A. Barr, cashier. 
A. J. Zwarts, assistant cashier. 

Directors: D. G. Edmundson, G. M. 
Revnolds, L. Sheuerman, W. S. Regur, 
N.Frankel, Carroll Wright, C. W. Pit- 
cairn, II. R. Howell, Arthur Reynolds, 
Charles A. Rawson. John H. Blair. 



THE STATE SAVINGS BANK. 

This bank was organized in 1887, 
with a capital stock of $50,000, 
subsequently increased to $100,000. It 
began business in a small room in the 
Manhattan building on Fifth street, and 
continued business there for one year, 
when it moved into rooms formerly oc- 
cupied by the Iowa Loan and Trust 
Company, corner of Fifth and Walnut 
streets. Its first officers were, J. H. Mer- 
rill, president ; M. P. Turner, vice presi- 
dent ; J. W. Geneser, cashier. 

The Directors were, J. H. Merrill, J. 
R. Rollins, Moses Strauss, D. W. 
Smouse, Francis Geneser, J. H. Phillips, 
M. P. Turner, J. W. Geneser, and J. B. 
McGorrisk. The bank occupies the 
same room now occupied by the Citi- 
zens' Bank, corner of Sixth and Wal- 
nut, with the following officers: 

M. Strauss, president. 

J. G. Rounds, vice president. 

George E. Pearsall, cashier. 

M. L. Lieser, assistant cashier. 

The directors are : S. A. Merrill, S. 
T. Slade, W. E. Coffin, D. W. Smouse. 

THE IOWA TRUST AND SAVINGS 
BANK. 

This bank was organized by D. H. 
Kooker, as the Grand Avenue Savings 
Bank, about the year 1890. Its old offi- 
cers were : 

D. H. Kooker, president. 

George W. Shope, cashier. 

In 1904, the Grand Avenue Savings 
Bank was reorganized by the present 
stockholders and the banking rooms 
moved to East Fifth and Locust streets 
and the name changed to the Iowa 
Trust and Savings Bank. The capital 
stock, $50,000. Its off